keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Philosophy of meaning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744334/selecting-incision-dominant-cases-for-robotic-liver-resection-towards-outpatient-hepatectomy-with-rapid-recovery
#1
Laleh G Melstrom, Susanne G Warner, Yanghee Woo, Virginia Sun, Byrne Lee, Gagandeep Singh, Yuman Fong
Background: The premise of minimally invasive surgery (MIS) is to minimize facial and muscle injury in order to enhance recovery from surgery. Robotic MIS surgery for resection of tumors in solid organs is gaining traction, though clear superiority of this approach is lacking and robotic surgery is more expensive. Our philosophy in robotically-assisted hepatectomy has been to employ this approach for cases where location of tumors make difficult a classical laparoscopic approach (superior/posterior tumors), and cases where the incision for an open operation dominates the course of recovery...
April 2018: Hepatobiliary Surgery and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741209/union-s-inspiration-universal-health-care-and-the-essential-partiality-of-solidarity
#2
Simon Derpmann
Solidarity is commonly invoked in the justification of public health care. This is understandable, as calls for and appeals to solidarity are effective in the mobilization of unison action and the willingness to incur sacrifices for others. However, the reference to solidarity as a moral notion requires caution, as there is no agreement on the meaning of solidarity. The article argues that the reference to solidarity as a normative notion is relevant to health-related moral claims, but that it does not provide a convincing foundation of claims to universal health care...
May 9, 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736113/getting-out-or-remaining-in-the-cage-of-inauthentic-self-the-meaning-of-existential-challenges-in-patients-with-cancer
#3
Zohreh Khoshnood, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Masoud Rayyani, Mahlegha Dehghan
Context: Cancer as a life-threatening disease develops a range of existential challenges in persons. These challenges cause the patients to encounter some existential questions and tensions. This study method focuses on a person's experience about them. Aims: The aim of this study is to illuminate the meaning of existential challenges in patients with cancer in Iran. Subjects and Methods: A hermeneutic phenomenological approach, influenced by the philosophy of Ricoeur, was used to analyze the experiences of 10 Iranian patients with cancer...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685841/history-of-plastic-surgery-art-philosophy-and-rhinoplasty
#4
REVIEW
Valdas Macionis
The 200th anniversary of K. F. Graefe's "Rhinoplasty," E. Zeis' naming of the specialty of plastic surgery in 1838, and the continuing discussion on what is plastic surgery have prompted this historical-conceptual review with a semantic insight into the meaning of the word "plastic." A literature search has revealed that this term contains dual aspects: artistic and philosophical. The progressive development of these two connotations can be traced from their origin in the ceramics and the myths of ancient Greeks to their metamorphoses in fine arts, science, and philosophy of plasticity of the modern day...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673378/are-randomised-controlled-trials-positivist-reviewing-the-social-science-and-philosophy-literature-to-assess-positivist-tendencies-of-trials-of-social-interventions-in-public-health-and-health-services
#5
Chris Bonell, Graham Moore, Emily Warren, Laurence Moore
BACKGROUND: We have previously proposed that trials of social interventions can be done within a "realist" research paradigm. Critics have countered that such trials are irredeemably positivist and asked us to explain our philosophical position. METHODS: We set out to explore what is meant by positivism and whether trials adhere to its tenets (of necessity or in practice) via a narrative literature review of social science and philosophical discussions of positivism, and of the trials literature and three case studies of trials...
April 19, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671155/integration-of-peer-philosophy-into-a-standardized-self-management-mobile-health-intervention
#6
Karen L Fortuna, Marianne Storm, Kelly A Aschbrenner, Stephen J Bartels
Description of certified peer specialists integration of peer philosophy into the delivery of a self-management intervention enhanced with mobile health. Qualitative examination of peer case notes that were routinely entered on a peer care management electronic dashboard. This study included consumers with serious mental illness (N = 8) with a mean age of 68.8 years (SD = 4.9). Certified peer specialists (N = 3) were all female and aged 55 years or older. Peers entered 146 case notes on the peer care management notes dashboard...
April 19, 2018: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629188/lessons-from-a-broad-view-of-science-a-response-to-dr-robergs-article
#7
Flavio Oliveira Pires
Dr Robergs suggested that the central governor model (CGM) is not a well-worded theory, as it deviated from the tenant of falsification criteria. According to his view of science, exercise researches with the intent to prove rather than disprove the theory contribute little to new knowledge and condemn the theory to the label of pseudoscience. However, exercise scientists should be aware of limitations of the falsification criteria. First, the number of potential falsifiers for a given hypothesis is always infinite so that there is no mean to ensure asymmetric comparison between theories...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573099/nursing-history-as-philosophy-towards-a-critical-history-of-nursing
#8
Thomas Foth, Jette Lange, Kylie Smith
Mainstream nursing history often positions itself in opposition to philosophy and many nursing historians are reticent of theorizing. In the quest to illuminate the lives of nurses and women current historical approaches are driven by reformist aspirations but are based on the conception that nursing or caring is basically good and the timelessness of universal values. This has the effect of essentialising political categories of identity such as class, race and gender. This kind of history is about affirmation rather than friction and about the conservation of memory and musealization...
March 24, 2018: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29566614/love-and-responsibility-a-new-understanding-of-leadership
#9
Berit Foss, Katie Eriksson, Dagfinn Nåden
The purpose of the study is to investigate the importance of substance for the disclosure of ontological evidence. The methodology is inspired by Gadamer's hermeneutic philosophy and involves clinical application research using a deductive approach. This means that leaders in a clinical context were taught and participated in a discussion about a theoretical model of leadership with caring science and ontological substance. The result shows that the leaders' attention and focus were primarily directed toward administration, finances, and outer structures...
April 2018: Nursing Science Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560400/a-computer-assisted-tibia-first-technique-for-improved-femoral-component-rotation-in-total-knee-arthroplasty
#10
Chong Meng Lee, Malkit K Dhillon, Mohd Amin Sulaiman
Background: The use of navigation for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) improves limb alignment in the coronal and sagittal planes. However, similar improvements in femoral and tibial component rotation have not yet been realized using currently available systems. Methods: We developed a modified navigated TKA technique in which femoral rotation was set using the resected tibial plane as the reference with the aim of achieving a rectangular flexion gap. Limb alignment was assessed in a cohort of 30 knees using the navigation system...
March 2018: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29542396/participatory-hermeneutic-ethnography-a-methodological-framework-for-health-ethics-research-with-children
#11
Marjorie Montreuil, Franco A Carnevale
When conducting ethics research with children in health care settings, studying children's experiences is essential, but so is the context in which these experiences happen and their meaning. Using Charles Taylor's hermeneutic philosophy, we developed a methodological framework for health ethics research with children that bridges key aspects of ethnography, participatory research, and hermeneutics. This qualitative framework has the potential to offer rich data and discussions related to children as well as family members and health care workers' moral experiences in specific health care settings, while examining the institutional norms, structures, and practices and how they interrelate with experiences...
March 1, 2018: Qualitative Health Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506135/-choosing-wisely-culture-among-brazilian-cardiologists
#12
Luis C L Correia, Guilherme B Barcellos, Vitor Calixto, André Volschan, José A S Barreto-Filho, Renato D Lopes, Anis Rassi, Wendy Levinson, Angelo A V de Paola
Objective: (i) To describe how aligned the 'Choosing Wisely' concept is with the medical culture among Brazilian cardiologists and (ii) to identify predictors for physicians' preference for avoiding wasteful care. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Brazilian Society of Cardiology. Participants: Cardiologists who agree to fill a web questionary. Intervention: A task force of 12 Brazilian cardiologists prepared a list of 13 'do not do' recommendations, which were made available on the Brazilian Society of Cardiology website for affiliates to assign a supported score of 1 to 10 to each recommendation...
March 1, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497217/on-reciprocal-causation-in-the-evolutionary-process
#13
REVIEW
Erik I Svensson
Recent calls for a revision of standard evolutionary theory (SET) are based partly on arguments about the reciprocal causation. Reciprocal causation means that cause-effect relationships are bi-directional, as a cause could later become an effect and vice versa. Such dynamic cause-effect relationships raise questions about the distinction between proximate and ultimate causes, as originally formulated by Ernst Mayr. They have also motivated some biologists and philosophers to argue for an Extended Evolutionary Synthesis (EES)...
2018: Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480783/psychodynamic-psychiatry-in-the-21st-century-constructing-a-comprehensive-science-of-experience
#14
Yakov Shapiro
Psychodynamic psychiatry is not limited to psychotherapy practice. It is defined by systematic attention to the "common factors" underlying both psychotherapy and psychopharmacology outcomes, which include the patient's subjective systems of meaning and the complex flow of the patient-provider relationship in addition to the patient's "objective" psychopathology. It allows for a non-reductionist milieu where the meaning of the illness and the full complexity of the treatment process can be explored in order to achieve a qualitative and lasting change in the patient's psychopathology...
2018: Psychodynamic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471199/statistical-modelling-of-fat-oil-and-grease-fog-deposits-in-wastewater-pump-sumps
#15
Eva Nieuwenhuis, Johan Post, Alex Duinmeijer, Jeroen Langeveld, François Clemens
The accumulation of FOG (Fat, Oil and Grease) deposits in sewer pumping stations results in an increase in maintenance costs, malfunctioning of pumps and, a potential increase of wastewater spills in receiving open water bodies. It is thought that a variety of parameters (e.g. geometry of the pump sump, pump operation, socioeconomic parameters of the catchment) influences the built-up of FOG. Based on a database containing data of 126 pumping stations located in five Dutch municipalities a statistical model was built...
May 15, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29460970/clinical-application-research-through-reflection-interpretation-and-new-understanding-a-hermeneutic-design
#16
Lillemor Lindwall, Maj-Britt Råholm, Vibeke Lohne, Synnøve Caspari, Anne Kari Tolo Heggestad, Berit Saeteren, Åshild Slettebø, Bente Høy, Dagfinn Nåden
The implementation of theoretical knowledge in clinical practice and the implementation of good clinical practice into theory have been of interest in caring science for the last 30 years. The aim of this article was to elaborate and discuss a methodology named clinical application research. The method is grounded in a hermeneutical design inspired by Gadamer's philosophy. The methodology, clinical application research, has been used in a research project A life in dignity and experiences from the researchers forms the bases for the elaboration and discussion...
February 20, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454359/change-in-practice-a-qualitative-exploration-of-midwives-and-doctors-views-about-the-introduction-of-stan-monitoring-in-an-australian-hospital
#17
M E Mayes, C Wilkinson, S Kuah, G Matthews, D Turnbull
BACKGROUND: The present study examines the introduction of an innovation in intrapartum foetal monitoring practice in Australia. ST-Analysis (STan) is a technology that adds information to conventional fetal monitoring (cardiotocography) during labour, with the aim of reducing unnecessary obstetric intervention. Adoption of this technology has been controversial amongst obstetricians and midwives, particularly as its use necessitates a more invasive means of monitoring (a scalp clip), compared to external monitoring from cardiotocography alone...
February 17, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446509/recovery-without-autonomy-progress-forward-or-more-of-the-same-for-mental-health-service-users
#18
Louise Byrne, Stephanie Schoeppe, Julie Bradshaw
In Western nations, the Recovery approach has become a widely accepted philosophy and treatment concept in mental health. Yet, community understanding of the Recovery approach remains largely unexplored. This study aimed to investigate (i) people's awareness of the principles underpinning the Recovery approach in mental health, and (ii) the treatment approaches people consider most important, and whether these align with the Recovery approach. To achieve these aims, a random sample of 1217 Australian adults participated in the National Social Survey (QSS) via telephone interview...
February 15, 2018: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433497/a-painful-experience-of-limited-understanding-healthcare-professionals-experiences-with-palliative-care-of-people-with-severe-dementia-in-norwegian-nursing-homes
#19
May Helen Midtbust, Rigmor Einang Alnes, Eva Gjengedal, Else Lykkeslet
BACKGROUND: People dying with dementia have significant healthcare needs, and palliative care, with its focus on comfort and quality of life, should be made available to these patients. The aim of this study was to explore and increase knowledge of healthcare professionals' experiences with palliative care to people with severe dementia in nursing homes. METHODS: To describe the phenomenon under investigation, we used a phenomenological research approach grounded in the philosophy of Husserl...
February 13, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433362/the-icf-has-made-a-difference-to-functioning-and-disability-measurement-and-statistics
#20
Rosamond H Madden, Anita Bundy
AIMS: Fifteen years after the publication of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), we investigated: How ICF applications align with ICF aims, contents and principles, and how the ICF has been used to improve measurement of functioning and related statistics. METHODS: In a scoping review, we investigated research published 2001-2015 relating to measurement and statistics for evidence of: a change in thinking; alignment of applications with ICF specifications and philosophy; and the emergence of new knowledge...
February 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
keyword
keyword
51475
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"