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Philosophy of meaning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054440/-sufficient-health-as-perceived-by-thai-villagers-a-qualitative-study
#1
Manee Arpanantikul, Rutja Phuphaibul, Kusuma Khuwatsumrit
Globalization has led to the rapid modernization of Thai villagers' traditional lifestyle, with significant consequential changes in health. The integration of the sufficiency economy philosophy with health - a concept known as "sufficient health" - can improve health and wellbeing; however, little is known of the actual meaning of "sufficient health." This qualitative study explored the meaning of sufficient health as perceived by Thai villagers. Data were collected from 122 villagers living in a rural Thai community and analyzed using content analysis...
January 5, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051888/the-benefits-and-burdens-of-cancer-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults
#2
Joelle P Straehla, Krysta S Barton, Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Claire Wharton, Kevin Scott Baker, Kira Bona, Joanne Wolfe, Abby R Rosenberg
BACKGROUND: Adolescents and early young adults (AYAs) with cancer are at high risk for poor outcomes. Positive psychological responses such as benefit-finding may buffer the negative impacts of cancer but are poorly understood in this population. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to prospectively describe the content and trajectory of benefit- and burden-finding among AYAs to develop potential targets for future intervention. PATIENTS AND METHODS: One-on-one semistructured interviews were conducted with English-speaking AYA patients (aged 14-25 years) within 60 days of diagnosis of a noncentral nervous system malignancy requiring chemotherapy, 6-12 and 12-18 months later...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009093/contract-theories-and-partnership-in-health-care-a-philosophical-inquiry-to-the-philosophy-of-john-rawls-and-seyla-benhabib
#3
Sylvia Määttä, Kim Lützén, Stina Öresland
Over the last 20 years, a paternalistic view in health care has been losing ground. The question about less asymmetrical positions in the healthcare professional-patient relationship is, for example, being addressed by the increased emphasis on person-centred care, promoted in disciplines such as medicine and nursing. Partnership is considered as a key component in person-centred care. Although the previous studies have addressed the attributes inherent in partnership, there is still potential for further discussion on how the various interpretations of partnership influence their use in healthcare literature...
December 23, 2016: Nursing Philosophy: An International Journal for Healthcare Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992279/compassion-and-care-at-the-end-of-life-oncology-nurses-experiences-in-south-east-iran
#4
Mahnaz Ghaljeh, Sedigheh Iranmanesh, Nahid Dehghan Nayeri, Batool Tirgari, Behjat Kalantarri
BACKGROUND: End of life (EOL) care is newly established in the Iranian context. Context, in this case, refers to the internal and external manifestation of the nurse values, norms and experiences that are learnt throughout life. AIM: The aim of this study was to explore nurses' experiences of caring for dying patients in Iran. METHODS: A phenomenological hermeneutic approach, influenced by the philosophy of Ricoeur, was used to analyse 10 oncology nurses' experiences of caring for dying persons...
December 2016: International Journal of Palliative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27977540/empowerment-of-parents-in-the-intensive-care-questionnaire-translation-and-validation-in-italian-picus
#5
Andrea Wolfler, Alberto Giannini, Martina Finistrella, Ida Salvo, Edoardo Calderini, Giulia Frasson, Immacolata Dall'Oglio, Michela Di Furia, Rossella Iuzzolino, Massimo Musicco, Jos M Latour
OBJECTIVES: To translate and validate the EMpowerment of PArents in THe Intensive Care questionnaire to measure parent satisfaction and experiences in Italian PICUs. DESIGN: Prospective, multicenter study. SETTING: Four medical/surgical Italian PICUs in three tertiary hospitals. PATIENTS: Families of children, 0-16 years old, admitted to the PICUs were invited to participate. Inclusion criteria were PICU length of stay greater than 24 hours and good comprehension of Italian language by parents/guardians...
December 13, 2016: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923777/parent-and-clinician-preferences-for-an-asthma-app-to-promote-adolescent-self-management-a-formative-study
#6
Lorie L Geryk, Courtney A Roberts, Adam J Sage, Tamera Coyne-Beasley, Betsy L Sleath, Delesha M Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Most youth asthma apps are not designed with parent and clinician use in mind, and rarely is the app development process informed by parent or clinician input. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to generate formative data on the use, attitudes, and preferences for asthma mHealth app features among parents and clinicians, the important stakeholders who support adolescents with asthma and promote adolescent self-management skills. METHODS: We conducted a mixed-methods study from 2013 to 2014 employing a user-centered design philosophy to acquire feedback from a convenience sample of 20 parents and 6 clinicians...
December 6, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909972/can-we-estimate-short-and-intermediate-term-survival-in-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-metastatic-bone-disease
#7
Jonathan A Forsberg, Rikard Wedin, Patrick J Boland, John H Healey
BACKGROUND: Objective means of estimating survival can be used to guide surgical decision-making and to risk-stratify patients for clinical trials. Although a free, online tool ( www.pathfx.org ) can estimate 3- and 12-month survival, recent work, including a survey of the Musculoskeletal Tumor Society, indicated that estimates at 1 and 6 months after surgery also would be helpful. Longer estimates help justify the need for more durable and expensive reconstructive options, and very short estimates could help identify those who will not survive 1 month and should not undergo surgery...
December 1, 2016: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899839/practical-insights-for-the-pharmacist-educator-on-student-engagement
#8
REVIEW
Douglas R Oyler, Frank Romanelli, Peggy Piascik, Jeff Cain
Student engagement continues to be a point of emphasis in pharmacy education, yet there remains little data on tangible means to increase organic student engagement. This review attempts to better define student engagement, draws from educational theorists to emphasize the importance of student engagement, and provides the reader with practice philosophies that can be used across of variety of teaching settings to help develop an engaging learning environment.
October 25, 2016: American Journal of Pharmaceutical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895604/virtue-existential-career-model-a-dialectic-and-integrative-approach-echoing-eastern-philosophy
#9
Shu-Hui Liu, Jui-Ping Hung, Hsin-I Peng, Chia-Hui Chang, Yi-Jen Lu
Our Virtue Existential Career (VEC) model aims at complementing western modernism and postmodernism career theories with eastern philosophy. With dialectical philosophy and virtue-practice derived from the Classic of Changes, the VEC theoretical foundation incorporates merits from Holland typology, Minnesota Theory of Work Adjustment, Social Cognitive Career Theory, Meaning Therapy, Narrative Approach Career Counseling, and Happenstance Learning Theory. While modernism considers a matched job as an ideal career vision and prefers rational strategies (controlling and realizing) to achieve job security; postmodernism prefers appreciating and adapting strategies toward openness and appreciates multiple possible selves and occupations, our model pursues a blending of security and openness via controlling-and-realizing and appreciating-and-adapting interwoven with each other in a dialectical and harmonious way...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859520/what-are-the-true-statistics-of-the-environment
#10
Jacob Feldman
A widespread assumption in the contemporary discussion of probabilistic models of cognition, often attributed to the Bayesian program, is that inference is optimal when the observer's priors match the true priors in the world-the actual "statistics of the environment." But in fact the idea of a "true" prior plays no role in traditional Bayesian philosophy, which regards probability as a quantification of belief, not an objective characteristic of the world. In this paper I discuss the significance of the traditional Bayesian epistemic view of probability and its mismatch with the more objectivist assumptions about probability that are widely held in contemporary cognitive science...
November 10, 2016: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846928/the-role-of-implementation-science-training-in-global-health-from-the-perspective-of-graduates-of-the-field-s-first-dedicated-doctoral-program
#11
Arianna R Means, David E Phillips, Grégoire Lurton, Anne Njoroge, Sabine M Furere, Rong Liu, Wisal M Hassan, Xiaochen Dai, Orvalho Augusto, Peter Cherutich, Gloria Ikilezi, Caroline Soi, Dong Xu, Christopher G Kemp
Bridging the 'know-do gap' is an enormous challenge for global health practitioners. They must be able to understand local health dynamics within the operational and social contexts that engender them, test and adjust approaches to implementation in collaboration with communities and stakeholders, interpret data to inform policy decisions, and design adaptive and resilient health systems at scale. These skills and methods have been formalized within the nascent field of Implementation Science (IS). As graduates of the world's first PhD program dedicated explicitly to IS, we have a unique perspective on the value of IS and the training, knowledge, and skills essential to bridging the 'know-do gap'...
2016: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834205/rigorous-science-a-how-to-guide
#12
EDITORIAL
Arturo Casadevall, Ferric C Fang
Proposals to improve the reproducibility of biomedical research have emphasized scientific rigor. Although the word "rigor" is widely used, there has been little specific discussion as to what it means and how it can be achieved. We suggest that scientific rigor combines elements of mathematics, logic, philosophy, and ethics. We propose a framework for rigor that includes redundant experimental design, sound statistical analysis, recognition of error, avoidance of logical fallacies, and intellectual honesty...
November 8, 2016: MBio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763925/suffering-of-traumatic-amputees-in-spain-meaning-spirituality-and-biomedicine
#13
José Luis Díaz, César Leal, Klaus Schriewer, Paloma Echevarría
Amputation is a traumatic incident that entails a chain of psychological, physical, and social events. The objectives of the study are to describe the beliefs and the philosophies of life related to the experience of suffering of traumatic amputees, analyze the importance of biomedical care, and describe other forms of care used.
November 2016: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763673/jung-s-psychoid-concept-and-bion-s-proto-mental-concept-a-comparison
#14
Ann Addison
Jung and Bion both developed theoretical concepts propounding a deeply unknowable area of the psyche in which body and mind are undifferentiated and the individual has no distinct identity, from which a differentiated consciousness arises. In Jung's case, this is enshrined in his psychoid concept and the associated notion of synchronicity and, in Bion's case, in his proto-mental concept and his ideas on group dynamics. It is by means of these two concepts that Jung and Bion approach and locate a combined body-mind, a monism, in which body and mind are seen as different aspects of the same thing...
November 2016: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27762613/effect-of-vibram-fivefingers-minimalist-shoes-on-the-abductor-hallucis-muscle
#15
Nicholas A Campitelli, Scott A Spencer, Kaitlyn Bernhard, Kristen Heard, Alan Kidon
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the effect of Vibram FiveFingers Bikila minimalist shoes on intrinsic foot musculature. We hypothesized that a gradual transition into minimalist shoes will increase the thickness of the abductor hallucis muscle. METHODS: Forty-one individuals were divided into four groups: control (traditional shod) (n = 9), restricted walking in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 11), running in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 10), and unlimited walking in Vibram FiveFingers (n = 11)...
September 2, 2016: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747528/evaluation-of-the-stiffness-characteristics-of-rapid-palatal-expander-screws
#16
Luca Lombardo, Enrico Sacchi, Maria Larosa, Francesco Mollica, Valentina Mazzanti, Giorgio Alfredo Spedicato, Giuseppe Siciliani
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate the mechanical properties of the screws used for rapid expansion of the upper jaw. METHODS: Ten types of expansion screw were assessed, seven with four arms: Lancer Philosophy 1, Dentaurum Hyrax Click Medium, Forestadent Anatomic Expander type "S", Forestadent Anatomic Expander type "S" for narrow palates, Forestadent Memory, Leone A 2620-10 with telescopic guide, and Leone A 0630-10 with orthogonal arms; and three with two arms: Dentaurum Variety S...
December 2016: Progress in Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692212/overlapping-ontologies-and-indigenous-knowledge-from-integration-to-ontological-self-determination
#17
David Ludwig
Current controversies about knowledge integration reflect conflicting ideas of what it means to "take Indigenous knowledge seriously". While there is increased interest in integrating Indigenous and Western scientific knowledge in various disciplines such as anthropology and ethnobiology, integration projects are often accused of recognizing Indigenous knowledge only insofar as it is useful for Western scientists. The aim of this article is to use tools from philosophy of science to develop a model of both successful integration and integration failures...
October 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692210/mechanistic-explanation-cognitive-systems-demarcation-and-extended-cognition
#18
Dingmar van Eck, Huib Looren de Jong
Approaches to the Internalism-Externalism controversy in the philosophy of mind often involve both (broadly) metaphysical and explanatory considerations. Whereas originally most emphasis seems to have been placed on metaphysical concerns, recently the explanation angle is getting more attention. Explanatory considerations promise to offer more neutral grounds for cognitive systems demarcation than (broadly) metaphysical ones. However, it has been argued that explanation-based approaches are incapable of determining the plausibility of internalist-based conceptions of cognition vis-à-vis externalist ones...
October 2016: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676137/resident-centered-care-in-10-u-s-nursing-homes-residents-perspectives
#19
Jill Harrison, Susan Frampton
PURPOSE: With increased focus on resident-centered care (RCC) as an organizational imperative and a guiding principle of culture change for long-term care communities, evaluation of its success has centered primarily on the organizational perspective. METHODS: For this case report, we examine resident perspectives of RCC in 10 nursing homes across the United States that had adopted RCC as a philosophy and model of care for at least 12 months with a maximum engagement of 3 years using a phenomenological approach...
September 27, 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642632/with-great-power-comes-great-responsibility-a-personal-philosophy-for-communicating-science-in-society
#20
E Paul Zehr
Many think that communicating science is a necessary and rewarding activity. Yet finding compelling, relevant, and timely points of linkage between challenging scientific concepts and the experiences and interests of the general public can be difficult. Since science continues to influence more and more aspects of daily life and knowledge, there is a parallel need for communication about science in our society. Here I discuss the "middle-ground hypothesis" using popular culture for science communication and applying the "FUNnel model," where popular culture is used as a lead-in and wrap-up when discussing science...
September 2016: ENeuro
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