keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Philosophy of meaning

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683014/the-everything-about-the-existence-experiences-of-turkish-women-with-infertility-solicited-diaries-in-qualitative-research
#1
İlkay Boz, Hülya Okumuş
BACKGROUND: Infertility as a gynecological illness causes many psychological problems. In Turkey, only a limited number of studies have used qualitative methods to explore the experiences of infertile women. PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to investigate the infertility experiences of women using Watson's Theory of Human Caring as a guide and to sensitize healthcare professionals to the importance of the personal stories of these women. METHODS: A phenomenological approach was used to guide our exploration of the stories of infertile women during their treatment for infertility...
August 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676980/clinical-and-radiological-outcome-at-10-years-of-follow-up-after-total-cervical-disc-replacement
#2
Christoph Mehren, Franziska Heider, Christoph J Siepe, Bernhard Zillner, Ralph Kothe, Andreas Korge, H Michael Mayer
PURPOSE: Previous studies have demonstrated that total cervical disc replacement (cTDR) represents a viable treatment alternative to the 'gold standard' anterior cervical discectomy and fusion for the treatment of well-defined cervical pathologies at short- and mid-term follow-up (FU). However, the implementation and acceptance of a non-fusion philosophy is closely associated with its avoidance of adjacent segment degeneration. Proof of the functional sustainability and clinical improvement of symptoms at long-term FU is still pending...
July 4, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669128/phenomenology-of-pregnancy-and-the-ethics-of-abortion
#3
Fredrik Svenaeus
In this article I investigate the ways in which phenomenology could guide our views on the rights and/or wrongs of abortion. To my knowledge very few phenomenologists have directed their attention toward this issue, although quite a few have strived to better understand and articulate the strongly related themes of pregnancy and birth, most often in the context of feminist philosophy. After introducing the ethical and political contemporary debate concerning abortion, I introduce phenomenology in the context of medicine and the way phenomenologists have understood the human body to be lived and experienced by its owner...
July 1, 2017: Medicine, Health Care, and Philosophy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660393/re-evaluating-concepts-of-biological-function-in-clinical-medicine-towards-a-new-naturalistic-theory-of-disease
#4
Benjamin Chin-Yee, Ross E G Upshur
Naturalistic theories of disease appeal to concepts of biological function, and use the notion of dysfunction as the basis of their definitions. Debates in the philosophy of biology demonstrate how attributing functions in organisms and establishing the function-dysfunction distinction is by no means straightforward. This problematization of functional ascription has undermined naturalistic theories and led some authors to abandon the concept of dysfunction, favoring instead definitions based in normative criteria or phenomenological approaches...
June 28, 2017: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646495/nursing-philosophy-of-community-mental-health-nurses-in-japan-a-qualitative-descriptive-study
#5
Koji Tanaka, Masami Hasegawa, Yutaka Nagayama, Masato Oe
The present study reports the findings of a qualitative, descriptive study that sought to clarify nursing philosophy for community mental health nurses (CMHN) working at independent psychiatric home-visit nursing agencies in Japan. We carried out participant observation and semistructured interviews with 13 CMHN in rural and urban areas. We identified eight subthemes and three higher-order themes based on these subthemes. CMHN embraced a nursing philosophy in which they: (i) have respect for consumers' ways of life and their self-realization; (ii) find harmony between view of life and work; and (iii) build communities where residents support each other beyond their roles...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624506/cellular-gauge-symmetry-and-the-li-organization-principle-general-considerations
#6
REVIEW
Arturo Tozzi, James F Peters, Jorge Navarro, Wu Kun, Bi Lin, Pedro C Marijuán
Based on novel topological considerations, we postulate a gauge symmetry for living cells and proceed to interpret it from a consistent Eastern perspective: the li organization principle. In our framework, the reference system is the living cell, equipped with general symmetries and energetic constraints standing for the intertwined biochemical, metabolic and signaling pathways that allow the global homeostasis of the system. Environmental stimuli stand for forces able to locally break the symmetry of metabolic/signaling pathways, while the species-specific DNA is the gauge field that restores the global homeostasis after external perturbations...
June 14, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622587/statistical-characterization-of-noise-for-spatial-standardization-of-ct-scans-enabling-comparison-with-multiple-kernels-and-doses
#7
Gonzalo Vegas-Sánchez-Ferrero, Maria J Ledesma-Carbayo, George R Washko, Raúl San José Estépar
Computerized tomography (CT) is a widely adopted modality for analyzing directly or indirectly functional, biological and morphological processes by means of the image characteristics. However, the potential utilization of the information obtained from CT images is often limited when considering the analysis of quantitative information involving different devices, acquisition protocols or reconstruction algorithms. Although CT scanners are calibrated as a part of the imaging workflow, the calibration is circumscribed to global reference values and does not circumvent problems that are inherent to the imaging modality...
June 7, 2017: Medical Image Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613132/the-wheel-and-the-ladder-freudian-and-loewaldian-accounts-of-individuation
#8
Linus Recht
In this paper, I use comparisons of Freud, Loewald, and Plato to explore what it means to individuate and to desire in a world of frustration, pain, and loss. The metaphors of the "wheel" versus the "ladder" present basic images for Freud's tragic conception of a person's emerging into a world of pain, transience and loss, in contrast to Loewald's sense of individuation as an increasing attainment of individual ego and world enrichment, constructed from metabolized grieved objects. I then argue that Plato's Symposium offers comparable visions of the possibilities of love, and that the juxtaposition of Freud and Loewald can be connected to ancient philosophical considerations...
June 2017: Psychoanalytic Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605275/exploring-social-work-student-education-the-effect-of-a-harm-reduction-curriculum-on-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-opioid-use-disorders
#9
Anthony Estreet, Paul Archibald, M Taqi Tirmazi, Sapphire Goodman, Tracy Cudjoe
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the degree to which a harm reduction intervention course module impacted Master of Social Work (MSW) students' knowledge and attitudes towards addressing opioid use disorder issues and clients. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, data from 124 MSW students were collected between 2011 and 2015. Students completed a 3-hour course module that focused on harm reduction philosophy and interventions specifically for opioid use disorders...
June 12, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598741/toward-a-research-agenda-for-competency-based-medical-education
#10
Larry Gruppen, Jason R Frank, Jocelyn Lockyer, Shelley Ross, M Dylan Bould, Peter Harris, Farhan Bhanji, Brian D Hodges, Linda Snell, Olle Ten Cate
Competency-based medical education (CBME) is both an educational philosophy and an approach to educational design. CBME has already had a broad impact on medical schools, residency programs, and continuing professional development in health professions around the world. As the CBME movement evolves and CBME programs are implemented, a wide range of emerging research questions will warrant scholarly examination. In this paper, we describe a proposed CBME research agenda developed by the International CBME Collaborators...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597986/tensions-in-the-personal-world-of-the-nurse-family-carer-a-phenomenological-approach
#11
Loretto Quinney, Trudy Dwyer, Ysanne Chapman
The incidence of chronic illness is growing globally. As a result, there are fiscal and social implications for health delivery. Alongside the increased burden on health resources is the expectation that someone within the family will assume the responsibility of carer for those who are chronically ill. The expectation to assume the role of carer may be amplified for family members who are also nurses. Currently, there is little research that investigates the impact of nurses who are carers for family with a chronic illness...
June 9, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595441/healing-spirituality-and-integrative-medicine
#12
David M Steinhorn, Jana Din, Angela Johnson
Spirituality plays a prominent role in the lives of most palliative patients whether or not they formally adhere to a specific religion and belief. As a result, the palliative care team is frequently called upon to support families who are experiencing their "dark night of the soul" and struggling to make sense of their lives during a healthcare crisis. While conventional religious practices provide a source of comfort and guidance for many of our patients, a significant number of our patients do not have a strong religious community to which to turn...
May 22, 2017: Annals of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587725/a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-explorations-of-living-in-old-age
#13
Ma Ángeles De Juan Pardo, María Teresa Russo, María Victoria Roqué Sánchez
Although there have been some studies that explore the meaning of aging and give voice to older people, the impact that the aging experience can have on them justifies continued research in this area. In this study, with a hermeneutic phenomenological design and an interpretation method inspired by the philosophy of Ricoeur, we conducted in-depth interviews with 14 elderly people at a social day center in Rome (Italy). The analysis revealed three central themes associated with the experience of being old: changes and limitations related with being aged, the experience that comes from having lived a long life, and an awareness of death...
June 3, 2017: Geriatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582630/attitudes-and-expectations-in-the-intergenerational-transmission-of-breastfeeding-a-phenomenological-study
#14
Rocío Rodriguez Vazquez, Marta Elena Losa-Iglesias, Inmaculada Corral-Liria, Raquel Jiménez-Fernández, Ricardo Becerro-de-Bengoa-Vallejo
BACKGROUND: The socially constructed meanings of breastfeeding that have been passed from generation to generation by grandmothers produce continuities and discontinuities in the practices of breastfeeding. Research aim: The aim of this study is to explore the objectives and positioning of women today with respect to their role as future grandmothers, based on their experiences with breastfeeding. That is, what role do future grandmothers wish to have in the lives of their breastfeeding daughters and grandchildren? METHODS: A qualitative study with interpretative phenomenological analysis was conducted based on the philosophy of Martin Heidegger, using a sample of unstructured interviews from 20 women in Madrid...
August 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580736/professional-responsibility-and-decision-making-in-the-context-of-a-disease-focused-model-of-nursing-care-the-difficulties-experienced-by-spanish-nurses
#15
Olga Rodrigo, Jordi Caïs, Cristina Monforte-Royo
When, in 1977, nurse education in Spain was transferred to universities a more patient-centred, the Anglo-American philosophy of care was introduced into a context in which nurses had traditionally prioritised their technical skills. This paper examines the characteristics of the nurse's professional role in Spain, where the model of nursing practice has historically placed them in a position akin to that of physician assistants. The study design was qualitative and used the method of analytic induction. Participants were selected by means of theoretical sampling and then underwent in-depth interviews...
June 4, 2017: Nursing Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567486/xenobiology-state-of-the-art-ethics-and-philosophy-of-new-to-nature-organisms
#16
Markus Schmidt, Lei Pei, Nediljko Budisa
The basic chemical constitution of all living organisms in the context of carbon-based chemistry consists of a limited number of small molecules and polymers. Until the twenty-first century, biology was mainly an analytical science and has now reached a point where it merges with engineering science, paving the way for synthetic biology. One of the objectives of synthetic biology is to try to change the chemical compositions of living cells, that is, to create an artificial biological diversity, which in turn fosters a new sub-field of synthetic biology, xenobiology...
June 1, 2017: Advances in Biochemical Engineering/biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485670/hermeneutic-caring-conversations-in-forensic-psychiatric-caring
#17
Kenneth Rydenlund, Unni Å Lindström, Arne Rehnsfeldt
BACKGROUND: In forensic psychiatric care, a hermeneutic caring conversation between caregivers and patients can improve health outcomes. The hermeneutic approach entails starting from the whole and involves openness for what is shown as well as paying attention to the different parts. One way to deepen these conversations is to take advantage of both the caregivers' and the patients' life experiences. RESEARCH QUESTIONS: The purpose of the study is to discuss and reflect on what hermeneutic caring conversations can mean for a deepened understanding of the movement in the health processes of patients in forensic care, patients who are in deep suffering...
January 1, 2017: Nursing Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452593/the-relationship-between-geographical-and-social-space-and-approaches-to-care-among-rural-and-urban-caregivers-caring-for-a-family-member-with-dementia-a-qualitative-study
#18
Kethy Ehrlich, Azita Emami, Kristiina Heikkilä
Knowledge about family caregivers in rural areas remains sparse. No studies to date have addressed the sociocultural aspects in caregiving, thus neglecting potentially significant data. This study aimed to explore and better understand family caregivers' experiences in rural and urban areas and the sociocultural spheres that these two areas represent. How do family caregivers approach their caregiving situation? A hermeneutical approach was chosen to uncover the underlying meanings of experiences. Open-ended in-depth interviews were conducted...
January 17, 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443052/gih-qi-beyond-affordance
#19
Yang Lee, Robert E Shaw, Zheng Jin
Ancient Eastern thought posited the ontological integration of the "mind-body world". The body-mind syncretism was a foundational precept in Eastern philosophy in which "Gih" ("Qi") was considered the basic entity of the universe and the human being. This study attempts to build a meta-theory and to demonstrate empirical designs for Gih, discussing the problems of the mind and body, or the subject and object, compared with the concept of "affordance" proposed by ecological approaches. The notion of Gih extends beyond that of affordance in that Gih activates a psychosomatic process between the physical condition and the mental state that facilitates the bi-directional interactions between subject and object...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28415857/sharing-data-to-build-a-medical-information-commons-from-bermuda-to-the-global-alliance
#20
Robert Cook-Deegan, Rachel A Ankeny, Kathryn Maxson Jones
The Human Genome Project modeled its open science ethos on nematode biology, most famously through daily release of DNA sequence data based on the 1996 Bermuda Principles. That open science philosophy persists, but daily, unfettered release of data has had to adapt to constraints occasioned by the use of data from individual people, broader use of data not only by scientists but also by clinicians and individuals, the global reach of genomic applications and diverse national privacy and research ethics laws, and the rising prominence of a diverse commercial genomics sector...
April 17, 2017: Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics
keyword
keyword
51475
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"