Read by QxMD icon Read


Chang-Sheng Sheng, Yi-Bang Cheng, Fang-Fei Wei, Wen-Yi Yang, Qian-Hui Guo, Fei-Ka Li, Qi-Fang Huang, Lutgarde Thijs, Yan Li, Jan A Staessen, Ji-Guang Wang
OBJECTIVE: No previous study addressed the relative contributions of environmental and genetic cues to the diurnal blood pressure rhythmicity. We firstly investigated the explained variance of environmental and clock genes in relation to the night-to-day ratio (NDR) and morning surge (MS), respectively. DESIGN AND METHOD: From 24-h ambulatory recordings of systolic blood pressure (SBP) obtained in untreated Chinese patients (51% women; mean age, 51 years), we computed NDR in 897 and MS in 637...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Leena Kovanen, Kati Donner, Mari Kaunisto, Timo Partonen
BACKGROUND: Dysfunctions in the intrinsic clocks are suggested in patients with depressive disorders. The cryptochrome circadian clocks 1 and 2 (CRY1 and CRY2) proteins modulate circadian rhythms in a cell and influence emotional reactions and mood in an individual. The protein kinase C delta binding protein (PRKCDBP, or CAVIN3), similar to the serum deprivation response protein (SDPR, or CAVIN2), reduces metabolic stability of the PER2-CRY2 transcription factor complex that plays a role in the circadian rhythm synchronization...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
Vishnu V Krishnamurthy, John S Khamo, Wenyan Mei, Aurora J Turgeon, Humza M Ashraf, Payel Mondal, Dil B Patel, Noah Risner, Ellen E Cho, Jing Yang, Kai Zhang
A limited number of signaling pathways are repeatedly used to regulate a wide variety of processes during development and differentiation. Lack of tools to dynamically manipulate signaling pathways in space and time has been a major technical challenge for biologists. Optogenetic techniques, which utilize light to control protein functions in a reversible fashion, hold promise in modulating intracellular signaling networks with high spatial and temporal resolution. Applications of the optogenetics in multicellular organisms, however, have not been widely reported...
October 3, 2016: Development
Chang-Sheng Sheng, Yi-Bang Cheng, Fang-Fei Wei, Wen-Yi Yang, Qian-Hui Guo, Fei-Ka Li, Qi-Fang Huang, Lutgarde Thijs, Yan Li, Jan A Staessen, Ji-Guang Wang
OBJECTIVE: No previous study addressed the relative contributions of environmental and genetic cues to the diurnal blood pressure rhythmicity. We firstly investigated the explained variance of environmental and clock genes in relation to the night-to-day ratio (NDR) and morning surge (MS), respectively. DESIGN AND METHOD: From 24-h ambulatory recordings of systolic blood pressure (SBP) obtained in untreated Chinese patients (51% women; mean age, 51 years), we computed NDR in 897 and MS in 637...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Zuoqiong Zhou, Xiyang Peng, Jianbin Chen, Xiushan Wu, Yuequn Wang, Yunhan Hong
Magnetoreception is essential for magnetic orientation in animal migration. The molecular basis for magnetoreception has recently been elucidated in fruitfly as complexes between the magnetic receptor magnetoreceptor (MagR) and its ligand cryptochrome (Cry). MagR and Cry are present in the animal kingdom. However, it is unknown whether they perform a conserved role in diverse animals. Here we report the identification and expression of zebrafish MagR and Cry homologs towards understanding their roles in lower vertebrates...
September 6, 2016: Science China. Life Sciences
Aya Shimomura, Ayumi Naka, Nobuyuki Miyazaki, Sayaka Moriuchi, Susumu Arima, Shusei Sato, Hideki Hirakawa, Makoto Hayashi, Maskit Maymon, Ann M Hirsch, Akihiro Suzuki
In many legumes, roots that are exposed to light do not form nodules. Here, we report that blue light inhibits nodulation in Lotus japonicus roots inoculated with Mesorhizobium loti. Using RNA interference, we suppressed the expression of phototropin and cryptochrome genes in L. japonicus hairy roots. Under blue light, plants transformed with an empty vector did not develop nodules, whereas plants exhibiting suppressed expression of cry1 and cry2 genes formed nodules. We also measured rhizobial growth to investigate whether the inhibition of nodulation could be caused by a reduced population of rhizobia in response to light...
September 9, 2016: Molecular Plant-microbe Interactions: MPMI
Qin Zhao, Gang Zheng, Kai Yang, Yi-Ran Ao, Xiao-Li Su, Yu Li, Xiao-Qiang Lv
The various clock genes in normal cells, through their interaction, establish a number of positive and negative feedback loops that compose a network structure. These genes play an important role in regulating normal physiological activities. The expression of clock gene PER1 is decreased in many types of cancer. PER1 is highly correlated with the initiation and progression of cancer by regulating numerous downstream genes. However, it is still unclear whether the lower expression of PER1 in cancer can influence the expression of other clock genes in the clock gene network...
September 2, 2016: Oncotarget
Chunxiao Xu, Yang Yu, Yuxia Zhang, Yue Li, Shufeng Wei
We previously found that flowering of Arabidopsis was suppressed by near-null magnetic field, which was related to the modification of cryptochrome. To disclose the physiological mechanism of this effect, we detected gibberellin (GA) levels and expressions of GA biosynthetic and signaling genes in wild type Arabidopsis plants and cryptochrome double mutant, cry1/cry2, grown in near-null magnetic field. We found that levels of GA4 , GA9 , GA34 , and GA51 in wild type plants in near-null magnetic field were significantly decreased compared with local geomagnetic field controls...
September 6, 2016: Bioelectromagnetics
Arisa Hirano, Guangsen Shi, Christopher R Jones, Anna Lipzen, Len A Pennacchio, Ying Xu, William C Hallows, Thomas McMahon, Maya Yamazaki, Louis J Ptáček, Ying-Hui Fu
Familial Advanced Sleep Phase (FASP) is a heritable human sleep phenotype characterized by very early sleep and wake times. We identified a missense mutation in the human Cryptochrome 2 (CRY2) gene that co-segregates with FASP in one family. The mutation leads to replacement of an alanine residue at position 260 with a threonine (A260T). In mice, the CRY2 mutation causes a shortened circadian period and reduced phase-shift to early-night light pulse associated with phase-advanced behavioral rhythms in the light-dark cycle...
2016: ELife
Qing Liu, Qin Wang, Bin Liu, Wei Wang, Xu Wang, Joon Park, Zhenming Yang, Xinglin Du, Mingdi Bian, Chentao Lin
Cryptochromes are blue light receptors regulated by light-dependent ubiquitination and degradation in both plant and animal lineages. The Arabidopsis genome encodes two cryptochromes, CRY1 and CRY2, of which CRY2 undergoes blue light-dependent ubiquitination and 26S proteasome-dependent degradation. The molecular mechanism regulating blue light-dependent proteolysis of CRY2 remains not fully understood. We found that the F-box proteins ZTL and LKP2, which mediate blue-light suppression of degradation of the CRY2 signaling partner CIB1, are not required for the blue light-dependent CRY2 degradation...
August 11, 2016: Plant & Cell Physiology
Sander A Huisman, Ali R Ahmadi, Jan N M IJzermans, Cees Verhoef, Gijsbertus T J van der Horst, Ron W F de Bruin
The circadian timing system controls about 40 % of the transcriptome and is important in the regulation of a wide variety of biological processes including metabolic and proliferative functions. Disruption of the circadian clock could have significant effect on human health and has an important role in the development of cancer. Here, we compared the expression levels of core clock genes in primary colorectal cancer (CRC), colorectal liver metastases (CRLM), and liver tissue within the same patient. Surgical specimens of 15 untreated patients with primary CRC and metachronous CRLM were studied...
August 4, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Maria Procopio, Justin Link, Dorothy Engle, Jacques Witczak, Thorsten Ritz, Margaret Ahmad
Cryptochromes are flavoprotein photoreceptors with multiple signaling roles during plant de-etiolation and development. Arabidopsis cryptochromes (cry1 and cry2) absorb light through an oxidized flavin (FADox) cofactor which undergoes reduction to both FADH° and FADH(-) redox states. Since the FADH° redox state has been linked to biological activity, it is important to estimate its concentration formed upon illumination in vivo. Here we model the photocycle of isolated cry1 and cry2 proteins with a three-state kinetic model...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
Song Chen, Lennart Wirthmueller, Johannes Stauber, Niels Lory, Xu Holtkotte, Lisa Leson, Christian Schenkel, Margaret Ahmad, Ute Hoecker
BACKGROUND: Plants have evolved complex mechanisms to adapt growth and development to the light environment. The COP1/SPA complex is a key repressor of photomorphogenesis in dark-grown Arabidopsis plants and acts as an E3 ubiquitin ligase to ubiquitinate transcription factors involved in the light response. In the light, COP1/SPA activity is inhibited by photoreceptors, thereby allowing accumulation of these transcription factors and a subsequent light response. Previous results have shown that the four members of the SPA family exhibit partially divergent functions...
2016: BMC Plant Biology
Hitoshi Okamura, Masao Doi, Kaoru Goto, Rika Kojima
With the current societal norm of shiftwork and long working hours, maintaining a stable daily life is becoming very difficult. An irregular lifestyle disrupts circadian rhythms, resulting in the malfunction of body physiology and ultimately leading to lifestyle-related diseases, including hypertension. By analyzing completely arrhythmic Cry1/Cry2 double-knockout (Cry-null) mice, we found salt-sensitive hypertension accompanied by hyperaldosteronism. On the basis of a DNA microarray analysis of the adrenal gland and subsequent biochemical analyses, we discovered that Hsd3b6/HSD3B1, a subtype of 3β-HSD, is markedly overexpressed in aldosterone-producing cells in the Cry-null adrenal cortex...
October 2016: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
Margaret Ahmad
Cryptochromes are flavoprotein blue light receptors that control many aspects of plant growth and development including seedling de-etiolation, elongation growth, the initiation of flowering, and entrainment of the circadian clock. Photon absorption by Arabidopsis cryptochromes cry1 and cry2 initiates electron transfer to the oxidized flavin cofactor (FADox) and formation of the presumed biological signaling state FADH°. Current literature on the nature and formation of the signaling state is reviewed, and potential novel roles for cryptochromes in oxidative stress and as magnetosensors are discussed in light of the cryptochrome photocycle...
July 13, 2016: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
J Zorzetti, A P S Ricietto, F A P Fazion, A M Meneguim, P M O J Neves, L A Vilas-Boas, R B Rodrigues, G T Vilas-Bôas
The citrus fruit borer, Ecdytolopha aurantiana (Lima, 1927) (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae), is responsible for major losses to the citrus industry because it causes rot and drop of fruits. The current study aimed to select and characterize Bacillus thuringiensis (Berliner, 1911) strains toxic to E. aurantiana. For this purpose, 47 B. thuringiensis strains were evaluated in selective bioassays using first instar larvae of E. aurantiana. The lethal concentration (LC50) of the most toxic strains was estimated, and the strains were characterized by morphological, biochemical, and molecular methods...
July 12, 2016: Neotropical Entomology
Samrat Roy Choudhury, Yi Cui, Anoop Narayanan, David P Gilley, Nazmul Huda, Chiao-Ling Lo, Feng C Zhou, Dinesh Yernool, Joseph Irudayaraj
Telomere length homeostasis, critical for chromosomal integrity and genome stability, is controlled by intricate molecular regulatory machinery that includes epigenetic modifications. Here, we examine site-specific and spatiotemporal alteration of the subtelomeric methylation of CpG islands using optogenetic tools to understand the epigenetic regulatory mechanisms of telomere length maintenance. Human DNA methyltransferase3A (DNMT3A) were assembled selectively at chromosome ends by fusion to cryptochrome 2 protein (CRY2) and its interacting complement, the basic helix loop helix protein-1 (CIB1)...
July 4, 2016: Oncotarget
Wenwen Luo, Shumin Ma, Yunzhi Yang, Chenyao Wang, Deyi Zhang, Qian Zhang, Yi Liu, Zhixue Liu
It has been reported that metabolites regulate circadian rhythms through direct effects on clock genes. A metabolic network involving PER3 raises the possibility that some metabolic regulators are directly involved in the mammalian clock. Here, we show that the bHLH family transcription factor TFEB regulates PER3 through the CLOCK/BMAL1 complex. In the liver, TFEB expression displays circadian rhythms. A loss of TFEB function disrupts and dampens the expression of PER3 but not the expression of other circadian genes, such as PER1, PER2, CRY1 and CRY2...
September 2016: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Kevin N Chesmore, Winsor H Watson, Christopher C Chabot
While the American horseshoe crab, Limulus polyphemus, has robust circadian and circatidal rhythms, virtually nothing is known about the molecular basis of these rhythms in this species or any other chelicerate. In this study, next generation sequencing was used to assemble transcriptomic reads and then putative homologs of known core and accessory circadian genes were identified in these databases. Homologous transcripts were discovered for one circadian clock input gene, five core genes, 22 accessory genes, and two possible output pathways...
September 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part D, Genomics & Proteomics
Mingmin Jiang, Li Ren, Hongli Lian, Yang Liu, Huoying Chen
Eggplant is rich in anthocyanins, which are the major secondary metabolites and beneficial to human health. We discovered that the anthocyanin biosynthesis of eggplant cultivar 'Lanshan Hexian' was regulated by light. In this study, we isolated two blue light receptor genes, SmCRY1 and SmCRY2, and negative/positive anthocyanin regulatory factors SmCOP1 and SmHY5 from eggplant. In terms of transcript levels, SmCRY1, SmCRY2 and SmHY5 were up-regulated by light, while SmCOP1 was down-regulated. Subsequently, the four genes were functionally complemented in phenotype of corresponding mutants, indicating that they act as counterparts of Arabidopsis genes...
August 2016: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"