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Bobath Neurodevelopmental Techniques

Kamal Narayan Arya, Rajesh Verma, R K Garg, V P Sharma, Monika Agarwal, G G Aggarwal
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The upper extremity motor deficit is one of the functional challenges in post stroke patients. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the meaningful task-specific training (MTST) on the upper extremity motor recovery during the subacute phase after a stroke. METHOD: This was a randomized, controlled, double-blinded trial in the neurology department of a university hospital and occupational therapy unit of a rehabilitation institute...
May 2012: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
Erdogan Kavlak, Ugur Cavlak, Turker Sahiner
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of tetanic faradic stimulation in an antagonist muscle (tibialis anterior) on agonist muscles (gastro-soleus). In addition, to show the effects of maintaining agonist muscle strength on antagonist spastic muscle group to improve gait parameters in children with spastic hemiplegia. METHODS: We carried out the study at Pamukkale University, School of Physical Therapy, Denizli, Turkey between June 2001 and December 2002. We included 16 ambulant cerebral palsied children with a mean of age 6...
October 2005: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Rajesh Verma, Kamal Narayan Arya, R K Garg, Tejbir Singh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The ability to walk is impaired in more than 80% of poststroke patients. The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the task-oriented circuit class training (TOCCT) with motor imagery (MI) on the gait during the subacute phase after a stroke. METHOD: This was a randomized, controlled, assessor-blinded trial in a neurology department of a university hospital. A convenience sample of 30 people, 4 to 12 weeks (mean, 6...
October 2011: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
M Puyuelo, J A Rondal
A 4-year longitudinal intervention was conducted with 10 young severely dysarthric children with cerebral palsy. Two procedures were implemented, each one for a period of 2 years. The first procedure centred on training the oral praxies, whereas the second one favoured a more functional approach based on voice and prosody training as well as parents' and school teachers' involvement. Bobath neurodevelopmental treatment was given throughout the 4-year period. Results clearly favour the second type of procedure which in interaction with Bobath's technique proved able to bring the children from unintelligible to an acceptable level of functional speech...
April 2005: Pediatric Rehabilitation
S Hesse, M T Jahnke, A Schaffrin, D Lucke, F Reiter, M Konrad
OBJECTIVES: Although the neurodevelopmental technique (Bobath) is the most widely used approach in the gait rehabilitation of hemiparetic subjects in Europe, there is little neurophysiological evidence for its presumed effects on gait symmetry and facilitation of paretic muscles during the therapeutic intervention. The study, therefore, investigated the immediate effects of gait entrainment by a physical therapist on the gait of hemiparetic subjects. METHODS: Cycle parameters, gait symmetry, hip joint movement and the electromyographic activity of several lower limb muscles were assessed in 22 patients during a classic intervention by five Bobath therapists and while walking with and without a cane...
December 1998: Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology
E A Keshner
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the foundations of prevalent physical therapy technique based on the current research on motor control. The conceptual framework of the neurodevelopmental theory, as described in the writings of the Bobaths, is presented. Their explanations of central nervous system disorders and recommendations for intervention are based upon a unidirectional model of the nervous system in which postural and voluntary motion become two separate and distinct entities. Systems theory is an alternative model of nervous system structure...
July 1981: Physical Therapy
U Aebi
It is difficult to assess objectively the effectiveness of treating children with cerebral palsy during the first year of life. 50 pupils with cerebral palsy were selected for handicap and intelligence and carefully examined. All children were treated with the neurodevelopmental technique of BOBATH, 22 of them within the first year of life, 28 thereafter. The examination in school age showed differences between the two groups. When treatment is commenced before nine months of age, children with spastic diplegia resulting from premature birth are unlikely to require special schooling for reasons of their physical handicap...
December 1976: Helvetica Paediatrica Acta
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