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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218802/non-invasive-ventilation-for-cystic-fibrosis
#1
REVIEW
Fidelma Moran, Judy M Bradley, Amanda J Piper
BACKGROUND: Non-invasive ventilation may be a means to temporarily reverse or slow the progression of respiratory failure in cystic fibrosis by providing ventilatory support and avoiding tracheal intubation. Using non-invasive ventilation, in the appropriate situation or individuals, can improve lung mechanics through increasing airflow and gas exchange and decreasing the work of breathing. Non-invasive ventilation thus acts as an external respiratory muscle. This is an update of a previously published review...
February 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211952/long-term-experience-with-first-generation-implantable-neurostimulation-device-in-central-sleep-apnea-treatment
#2
Henrik Fox, Thomas Bitter, Dieter Horstkotte, Olaf Oldenburg, Klaus-Jürgen Gutleben
BACKGROUND: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and Cheyne-Stokes respiration (CSR) are associated with shorter survival in patients with heart failure (HF). A novel treatment method for this patient group is unilateral phrenic nerve stimulation by the remedē® system, a transvenously implantable neurostimulation device, which has recently been studied in a large randomized, controlled trial. Previous literature has shown efficacy and safety of the treatment with this first-generation device, but hardly any data is available on long-term clinical parameters, the remedē® device's battery lifetime, device exchangeability, lead position stability, surgical accessibility and manageability...
February 17, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197892/the-effect-of-acute-aerobic-exercise-on-hemostasis-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#3
Ryan A Martin, Courtney Strosnider, Gabrielle Giersch, Christopher J Womack, Trent A Hargens
PURPOSE: Individuals with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have an altered hemostatic balance; however, the exercise response is less described. The purpose of this study is to determine the hemostatic response after acute aerobic exercise in obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: Eighteen males (nine OSA vs. nine controls) were recruited from the university and local community. Individuals with evidence of cardiovascular, pulmonary, or metabolic disease were excluded. An apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) of >5 was a criterion for OSA...
February 14, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177712/investigating-human-skeletal-muscle-physiology-with-unilateral-exercise-models-when-one-limb-is-more-powerful-than-two
#4
Martin J MacInnis, Chris McGlory, Martin J Gibala, Stuart M Phillips
Direct sampling of human skeletal muscle using the needle biopsy technique can facilitate insight into the biochemical and histological responses resulting from changes in exercise or feeding. However, the muscle biopsy procedure is invasive, and analyses are often expensive, which places pragmatic restraints on sample sizes. The unilateral exercise model can serve to increase statistical power and reduce the time and cost of a study. With this approach, two limbs of a participant are randomized to one of two treatments that can be applied almost concurrently or sequentially depending on the nature of the intervention...
January 24, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150478/effects-of-silk-peptides-administration-on-fat-utilization-over-a-whole-day-in-mice
#5
Jisu Kim, Jonghoon Park, Bokyung Kim, Chi-Ho Lee, Kiwon Lim
Purpose: The aim of the present narrative review was to consider the evidence on the timing, optimal dose and intake duration of the main dietary supplements β-alanine, nitrate, caffeine, creatine, sodium bicarbonate, carbohydrate and protein. Methods: This review article will focuses on timing, optimal dose and intake duration of main dietary supplements for consuming. Results: This paper reviewed the evidence to determine the optimal time, efficacy doses and intake duration for sports supplements verified by scientific evidence that report a performance enhancing effect in both situation of laboratory and training settings...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150472/timing-optimal-dose-and-intake-duration-of-dietary-supplements-with-evidence-based-use-in-sports-nutrition
#6
REVIEW
Alireza Naderi, Erick P de Oliveira, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Mark E T Willems
Purpose: The aim of the present narrative review was to consider the evidence on the timing, optimal dose and intake duration of the main dietary supplements β-alanine, nitrate, caffeine, creatine, sodium bicarbonate, carbohydrate and protein. Methods: This review article will focuses on timing, optimal dose and intake duration of main dietary supplements for consuming. Results: This paper reviewed the evidence to determine the optimal time, efficacy doses and intake duration for sports supplements verified by scientific evidence that report a performance enhancing effect in both situation of laboratory and training settings...
31, 2016: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28131211/potential-pathophysiological-pathways-that-can-explain-the-positive-effects-of-exercise-on-fatigue-in-multiple-sclerosis-a-scoping-review
#7
REVIEW
Martin Langeskov-Christensen, Etienne J Bisson, Marcia L Finlayson, Ulrik Dalgas
BACKGROUND: Fatigue is one of the most common and most disabling symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS). It is a multidimensional and complex symptom with multifaceted origins, involving both central and peripheral fatigue mechanisms. Exercise has proven to be safe for people with MS, with cumulating evidence supporting significant reductions in fatigue. However, the potential pathophysiological pathways that can explain the positive effects of exercise on fatigue in MS remain elusive. OBJECTIVES: The objectives were, in PwMS (1) to update the knowledge on the pathophysiology underlying primary and secondary fatigue, and (2) to discuss potential pathophysiological pathways that can explain the positive effects of exercise on MS fatigue...
February 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121796/sil-6r-is-related-to-weekly-training-mileage-and-psychological-well-being-in-athletes
#8
Tom Cullen, Andrew W Thomas, Richard Webb, Thom Phillips, Michael G Hughes
INTRODUCTION: IL-6 has been ascribed both positive and negative roles in the context of exercise and training. The dichotomous nature of IL-6 signalling appears to be determined by the respective concentration of its receptors (both membrane-bound (IL-6R) and soluble (sIL-6R) forms). The purpose of the present study was to investigate the response of sIL-6R to long-term training, and to investigate the relationship between sIL-6R, self-reported measures of wellbeing, and upper respiratory illness symptoms (URS) in highly-trained endurance athletes...
January 24, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116429/-mandibular-manipulation-technique-followed-by-exercise-therapy-and-occlusal-splint-for-treatment-of-acute-anterior-tmj-disk-displacement-without-reduction
#9
Xin Jiang, Shuai Fan, Bin Cai, Zhong-Yi Fang, Li-Li Xu, Li-Kun Liu
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the short-term efficiency of mandibular manipulation technique combined with exercise therapy and splint treatment of acute anterior TMJ disc displacement without reduction (ADDW), and TMJ disc-condyle relationship by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: Forty-four patients (37 females, 7 males) were diagnosed as acute ADDW and confirmed by MRI. All patients underwent mandibular manipulation, combined with exercise therapy, including jaw movement exercise, stabilization exercise, disc reposition exercise, and splint treatment...
October 2016: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102437/a-comparison-of-the-effects-of-medical-qigong-and-standard-exercise-therapy-on-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#10
B L Vanderbyl, M J Mayer, C Nash, A T Tran, T Windholz, T Swanson, G Kasymjanova, R T Jagoe
PURPOSE: Patients with advanced cancer frequently experience anxiety, depression and poor quality of life (QOL), as well as physical symptoms such as fatigue and weakness. Physical exercise has potential to help control these symptoms but the optimal training prescription is still not clear. We performed a study comparing medical Qigong (QG) and standard endurance and strength training (SET) in patients with advanced stage non-small cell lung (NSCLC) and gastrointestinal (GI) cancers...
January 19, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096255/sheppheartcabg-trial-comprehensive-early-rehabilitation-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-protocol-for-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#11
Ida Elisabeth Højskov, Philip Moons, Niels Viggo Hansen, Søren La Cour, Peter Skov Olsen, Christian Gluud, Per Winkel, Jane Lindschou, Lau Caspar Thygesen, Ingrid Egerod, Selina Kikkenborg Berg
INTRODUCTION: Patients undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery often experience a range of symptoms. Studies indicate that non-pharmacological interventions such as exercise training and psychoeducation have a positive physiological and psychological effect in early outpatient rehabilitation. The SheppHeartCABG trial will investigate the effect of early comprehensive rehabilitation in early phase rehabilitation versus usual care. The aim of this paper is to present the protocol for the SheppHeartCABG trial...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095968/catathrenia-nocturnal-groaning-a-social-media-survey-and-state-of-the-art-review
#12
Jose Alonso, Macario Camacho, Dinesh K Chhetri, Christian Guilleminault, Soroush Zaghi
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Catathrenia is an underrecognized nocturnal vocalization phenomenon that can be a source of perplexity to patients, bed partners, and medical providers. Catathrenia is distinct from both sleep talking (a parasomnia with loud talking during sleep) and snoring (noise due to vibration of upper airway soft tissues related to variations in airway resistance). The objective of this review is to provide an evidence-based resource to help the practitioner reliably evaluate and manage patients with this condition...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087891/physical-activity-and-exercise-for-chronic-pain-in-adults-an-overview-of-cochrane-reviews
#13
REVIEW
Louise J Geneen, R Andrew Moore, Clare Clarke, Denis Martin, Lesley A Colvin, Blair H Smith
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain is defined as pain lasting beyond normal tissue healing time, generally taken to be 12 weeks. It contributes to disability, anxiety, depression, sleep disturbances, poor quality of life, and healthcare costs. Chronic pain has a weighted mean prevalence in adults of 20%.For many years, the treatment choice for chronic pain included recommendations for rest and inactivity. However, exercise may have specific benefits in reducing the severity of chronic pain, as well as more general benefits associated with improved overall physical and mental health, and physical functioning...
January 14, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075423/effects-of-device%C3%A2-guided-slow-breathing-training-on-exercise-capacity-cardiac-function-and-respiratory-patterns-during-sleep-in-male-and-female-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure
#14
Kalina Kawecka-Jaszcz, Grzegorz Bilo, Tomasz Drożdż, Dorota Dębicka-Dąbrowska, Grzegorz Kiełbasa, Gabriella Malfatto, Katarzyna Styczkiewicz, Carolina Lombardi, Agnieszka Bednarek, Sabrina Salerno, Danuta Czarnecka, Gianfranco Parati
INTRODUCTION Slow breathing training (SBT) has been proposed as a new nonpharmacologic treatment in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess the effects of SBT on exercise capacity, hemodynamic parameters, and sleep respiratory patterns in a relatively large sample of CHF patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS A crossover open study was conducted. Patients completed, in a random order, 10- to 12‑week SBT, with 2 15‑minute sessions of device‑guided SBT each day, reaching 6 breaths/ min, and a 10- to 12‑week follow‑up under standard care...
January 10, 2017: Polskie Archiwum Medycyny Wewnętrznej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063976/effect-of-jaw-opening-exercise-on-prevention-of-temporomandibular-disorders-pain-associated-with-oral-appliance-therapy-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-patients-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#15
Hiroyuki Ishiyama, Shusuke Inukai, Akira Nishiyama, Masayuki Hideshima, Shuhei Nakamura, Meiyo Tamaoka, Yasunari Miyazaki, Kenji Fueki, Noriyuki Wakabayashi
PURPOSE: There are no studies on the prevention of temporomandibular joint and/or masticatory muscle pain (TMD pain) associated with oral appliance (OA) therapy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The aim of this study was to determine the effect of jaw-opening exercise on TMD pain associated with OA therapy in OSA patients. METHODS: Twenty-five OSA patients without pain-related TMD were consecutively enrolled into a two-arm, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Prosthodontic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057424/sundown-syndrome-sleep-quality-and-walking-among-community-dwelling-people-with-alzheimer-disease
#16
Yen-Hua Shih, Ming-Chyi Pai, Ying-Che Huang, Jing-Jy Wang
PURPOSES: Sundown syndrome and sleep disturbances cause people with Alzheimer disease (PAD) and caregivers suffering. Studies have indicated that physical exercise could have a positive impact on sundown syndrome, yet no research has ever explored the relationship between walking and sundown syndrome. The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between sundown syndrome and sleep quality, and determine whether the severity of dementia, sleep quality, and weekly duration of walking influenced sundown syndrome, and to assess differences in sundown syndrome and sleep quality in relation to the accompanying walker and weekly duration of walking among people with Alzheimer disease living in the community...
January 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995604/exercise-therapy-for-chronic-fatigue-syndrome
#17
REVIEW
Lillebeth Larun, Kjetil G Brurberg, Jan Odgaard-Jensen, Jonathan R Price
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is characterised by persistent, medically unexplained fatigue, as well as symptoms such as musculoskeletal pain, sleep disturbance, headaches and impaired concentration and short-term memory. CFS presents as a common, debilitating and serious health problem. Treatment may include physical interventions, such as exercise therapy, which was last reviewed in 2004. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to determine the effects of exercise therapy (ET) for patients with CFS as compared with any other intervention or control...
20, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935322/physical-activity-and-cognition-a-mediating-role-of-efficient-sleep
#18
Kristine A Wilckens, Kirk I Erickson, Mark E Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity benefits executive control, but the mechanism through which this benefit occurs is unclear. Sleep is a candidate mechanism given that it improves with exercise and has restorative effects on the prefrontal cortex. The present cross-sectional study examined the mediating role of sleep in the relationship between physical activity and executive control in young and older adults. PARTICIPANTS: Young (n = 59) and older (n = 53) community-dwelling adults ages 21-30 and 55-80...
December 9, 2016: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912947/exploratory-outcome-assessment-of-qigong-tai-chi-easy-on-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Linda K Larkey, Denise J Roe, Lisa Smith, Denise Millstine
OBJECTIVE: Breast cancer survivors (BCSs) experience symptoms affecting overall quality of life (QOL), often for a prolonged period post-treatment. Meditative Movement (MM), including Qigong and Tai Chi Easy (QG/TCE), has demonstrated benefit for improving QOL issues such as fatigue and sleep, but there is limited evidence of its impact on cognitive function, overall physical activity, and body weight for BCSs. DESIGN: This double-blind, randomized controlled pilot study with 87 female BCSs explored effects of QG/TCE on mental and physical QOL (Medical Outcomes Survey, Short Form), cognitive function (Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Cognitive Function and two cognitive performance tests from the WAIS III), overall levels of physical activity (PA)(Brief Physical Activity Questionnaire) and body mass index (BMI)...
December 2016: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905818/predictors-of-sleep-quality-among-young-adults-in-korea-gender-differences
#20
Ae Kyung Chang, Jinyi Choi
This study was performed to identify the factors influencing gender differences in sleep quality between men and women. A cross-sectional survey was conducted using a convenience sample of 300 young adults from three Korean universities. Participants were 20-40 years of age, used smartphones, and took no sleep medication. Participants completed questionnaires on sleep quality, exercise, stress, depression, and smart phone addiction. The predictors of sleep quality in men were coffee consumption, napping, depression, failure to engage in light exercise at least three times per week, being overweight, being in the potential smart phone addiction group, and being employed, which explained 30...
December 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
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