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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912440/predictors-of-wellness-behaviors-in-u-s-army-physicians
#1
Daniel P Hsu, Shana L Hansen, Timothy A Roberts, Clinton K Murray, Vincent Mysliwiec
Introduction: In 2013, the U.S. Army Surgeon General implemented the Performance Triad (P3), an educational initiative to improve health-related behaviors of soldiers throughout the U.S. Army. The components of P3 are Sleep, Activity, and Nutrition with tenet behaviors for each component. This study reports the results of the 2015 U.S. Army Medical Corps survey regarding physician knowledge and adherence to the tenet behaviors of P3. Methods: In 2015, an anonymous survey was sent to all active duty U...
April 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910360/next-day-subjective-and-objective-recovery-indices-following-acute-low-and-high-training-loads-in-academy-rugby-union-players
#2
Mark R Noon, Rob S James, Neil D Clarke, Richard J Taylor, C Douglas Thake
The aim of this study was to determine the sensitivity of selected subjective and objective monitoring assessments in detecting changes in group and individual responses to low and high load bouts of high intensity intermittent exercise. In a counterbalanced crossover design, Thirteen Academy Rugby Union players (mean ± SD: age: 18 ± 1 years) performed a low load (15 min) and a high load (90 min) bout of high intensity intermittent exercise (Loughborough Intermittent Shuttle Test) one week apart. Monitoring assessments were performed immediately prior to and 20 h following each trial...
June 15, 2018: Sports (Basel)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903598/trial-protocol-cognitive-functional-therapy-compared-with-combined-manual-therapy-and-motor-control-exercise-for-people-with-non-specific-chronic-low-back-pain-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Fabiana Terra Cunha Belache, Cíntia Pereira de Souza, Jessica Fernandez, Julia Castro, Paula Dos Santos Ferreira, Elizana Rodrigues de Sousa Rosa, Nathalia Cristina Gimenez de Araújo, Felipe José Jandre Reis, Renato Santos de Almeida, Leandro Alberto Calazans Nogueira, Luís Cláudio Lemos Correia, Ney Meziat-Filho
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is a public health problem, and there is strong evidence that it is associated with a complex interaction of biopsychosocial factors. Cognitive functional therapy is an intervention that deals with potentially modifiable multidimensional aspects of pain (eg, provocative cognitive, movement and lifestyle behaviours). There is evidence (from a single randomised, controlled trial) that cognitive functional therapy is better than combined manual therapy and motor control exercise...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899806/why-is-working-memory-performance-unstable-a-review-of-21-factors
#4
REVIEW
Rachael N Blasiman, Christopher A Was
In this paper, we systematically reviewed twenty-one factors that have been shown to either vary with or influence performance on working memory (WM) tasks. Specifically, we review previous work on the influence of intelligence, gender, age, personality, mental illnesses/medical conditions, dieting, craving, stress/anxiety, emotion/motivation, stereotype threat, temperature, mindfulness training, practice, bilingualism, musical training, altitude/hypoxia, sleep, exercise, diet, psychoactive substances, and brain stimulation on WM performance...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895778/physical-activity-related-injury-and-its-associated-factors-among-middle-school-students-in-southern-china
#5
Weicong Cai, Yang Gao, Wenda Yang, Fuyuan Cheng, Dongchun Tang, Liping Li
Physical activity (PA) promotion is beneficial to gain and maintain optimal health, but might increase risks for physical activity-related injury (PARI). This cross-sectional study aimed to investigate the incidence rate and identify risk factors of PARI among Chinese middle school students. Selected via the method of cluster random sampling, students graded 7⁻8 (junior) and 10⁻11 (senior) from five middle schools (aged from 10 to 18 years old) in Shantou were invited to participate in the survey. Information on socio-demography, PA involvement, sleep duration, individual safety awareness and exercise behavior, and PARI experiences in the past 12 month was collected...
June 12, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894558/interventions-for-preventing-distal-intestinal-obstruction-syndrome-dios-in-cystic-fibrosis
#6
REVIEW
Jessica Green, Francis J Gilchrist, Will Carroll
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the most common, life-limiting, genetically inherited disease. It affects multiple organs, particularly the respiratory system. However, gastrointestinal problems such as constipation and distal intestinal obstruction syndrome (DIOS) are also important and well-recognised complications in CF. They share similar symptoms e.g. bloating, abdominal pain, but are distinct conditions. Constipation occurs when there is gradual faecal impaction of the colon, but DIOS occurs when there is an accumulation of faeces and sticky mucus, forming a mass in the distal part of the small intestine...
June 12, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861249/zumba-dancing-can-improve-the-pain-and-functional-capacity-in-women-with-fibromyalgia
#7
José Cortez Assunção Júnior, Hugo Jario de Almeida Silva, José Felipe Costa da Silva, Rafaela da Silva Cruz, Caio Alano de Almeida Lins, Marcelo Cardoso de Souza
INTRODUCTION: The importance of physical exercise for patients with fibromyalgia (FM) is very clear in the literature. Dancing is a type of aerobic exercise that has great acceptance. In addition to the beneficial effects of aerobic exercise, Zumba works on motor coordination and also has socializing as a part that should be included in patients with fibromyalgia. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Zumba dancing in improving pain, functional capacity, quality of sleep and quality of life of women with fibromyalgia...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861229/dry-needling-in-myofascial-tracks-in-non-relaxing-pelvic-floor-dysfunction-a-case-study
#8
Rahman Sheikhhoseini, Amir Massoud Arab
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this case report is to describe the use of Dry Needling (DN) in myofascial tracks related to the pelvic floor (PF) in the management of a male with Non-Relaxing Pelvic Floor Dysfunction (NRPFD). CLINICAL FEATURES: A 42-year-old man, with a 20-year history of frequent urination, was referred to the physical therapy clinic by a urologist with diagnosis of NRPFD. The patient was suffering from a sense of incomplete evacuation and difficulty to start urination...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29851569/the-influence-of-an-afternoon-nap-on-the-endurance-performance-of-trained-runners
#9
Anthony W Blanchfield, Tammy M Lewis-Jones, James R Wignall, James B Roberts, Samuel J Oliver
The effectiveness of a nap as a recovery strategy for endurance exercise is unknown and therefore the present study investigated the effect of napping on endurance exercise performance. Eleven trained male runners completed this randomised crossover study. On two occasions, runners completed treadmill running for 30 min at 75% V̇O2max in the morning, returning that evening to run for 20 min at 60% V̇O2max , and then to exhaustion at 90% V̇O2max . On one trial, runners had an afternoon nap approximately 90 min before the evening exercise (NAP) whilst on the other, runners did not (CON)...
May 31, 2018: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846091/melatonin-ingestion-after-exhaustive-late-evening-exercise-improves-sleep-quality-and-quantity-and-short-term-performances-in-teenage-athletes
#10
Mohamed Cheikh, Omar Hammouda, Nawel Gaamouri, Tarak Driss, Karim Chamari, Ridha Ben Cheikh, Mohamed Dogui, Nizar Souissi
The present study aimed to explore the effects of a single 10-mg dose of melatonin (MEL) administration after exhaustive late-evening exercise on sleep quality and quantity, and short-term physical and cognitive performances in healthy teenagers. Ten male adolescent athletes (mean ± SD, age = 15.4 ± 0.3 years, body-mass = 60.68 ± 5.7 kg, height = 167.9 ± 6.9 cm and BMI = 21.21 ± 2.5) performed two test sessions separated by at least one week. During each session, participants completed the Yo-Yo intermittent-recovery-test level-1 (YYIRT-1) at ~20:00 h...
May 30, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808103/daily-chronic-intermittent-hypobaric-hypoxia-does-not-induce-chronic-increase-in-pulmonary-arterial-pressure-assessed-by-echocardiography
#11
Jeremias Götschke, Pontus Mertsch, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Diego Kauffmann-Guerrero, Jürgen Behr, Rudolf Maria Huber, Frank Reichenberger, Katrin Milger
Chronic hypoxia causes pulmonary vascular remodeling resulting in persistently increased pulmonary arterial pressures (PAP) even after return to normoxia. Recently, interest in chronic intermittent hypobaric hypoxia (CIHH) was raised because it occurs in subjects working at high altitude (HA) but living in lowland. However, effects of daily CIHH on PAP are unknown. In this pilot study, we included 8 healthy subjects working at (2650 m) each workday for 8-9 h while living and sleeping at LA and 8 matched control subjects living and working at LA...
2018: Canadian Respiratory Journal: Journal of the Canadian Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780978/i-ll-be-back-on-the-multiple-lives-of-users-of-a-mobile-activity-tracking-application
#12
Zhiyuan Lin, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications that track activities, such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. While these activity tracking applications have the potential to improve our health, user engagement and retention are critical factors for their success. However, long-term user engagement patterns in real-world activity tracking applications are not yet well understood. Here we study user engagement patterns within a mobile physical activity tracking application consisting of 115 million logged activities taken by over a million users over 31 months...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780977/modeling-interdependent-and-periodic-real-world-action-sequences
#13
Takeshi Kurashima, Tim Althoff, Jure Leskovec
Mobile health applications, including those that track activities such as exercise, sleep, and diet, are becoming widely used. Accurately predicting human actions in the real world is essential for targeted recommendations that could improve our health and for personalization of these applications. However, making such predictions is extremely difficult due to the complexities of human behavior, which consists of a large number of potential actions that vary over time, depend on each other, and are periodic...
April 2018: Proceedings of the International World-Wide Web Conference
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764464/daytime-and-nighttime-casein-supplements-similarly-increase-muscle-size-and-strength-in-response-to-resistance-training-earlier-in-the-day-a-preliminary-investigation
#14
Jordan M Joy, Roxanne M Vogel, K Shane Broughton, Urszula Kudla, Nathaniel Y Kerr, Jason M Davison, Robert E C Wildman, Nancy M DiMarco
BACKGROUND: Casein protein consumed before sleep has been suggested to offer an overnight supply of exogenous amino acids for anabolic processes. The purpose of this study was to compare supplemental casein consumed earlier in the day (DayTime, DT) versus shortly before bed (NightTime, NT) on body composition, strength, and muscle hypertrophy in response to supervised resistance training. METHODS: Thirteen males participated in a 10-week exercise and dietary intervention while receiving 35 g casein daily...
May 15, 2018: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763454/multivariate-classification-of-brugada-syndrome-patients-based-on-autonomic-response-to-exercise-testing
#15
Mireia Calvo, Daniel Romero, Virginie Le Rolle, Nathalie Béhar, Pedro Gomis, Philippe Mabo, Alfredo I Hernández
Ventricular arrhythmias in Brugada syndrome (BS) typically occur at rest and especially during sleep, suggesting that changes in the autonomic modulation may play an important role in arrhythmogenesis. The autonomic response to exercise and subsequent recovery was evaluated on 105 patients diagnosed with BS (twenty-four were symptomatic), by means of a time-frequency heart rate variability (HRV) analysis, so as to propose a novel predictive model capable of distinguishing symptomatic and asymptomatic BS populations...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740782/quality-of-life-problems-and-needs-of-disease-free-breast-cancer-survivors-5-years-after-diagnosis
#16
Martina E Schmidt, Joachim Wiskemann, Karen Steindorf
PURPOSE: After cancer treatment, it is desirable to maintain or regain a high quality of life (QoL) and the ability to accomplish everyday tasks well. Therefore, we substantiated the scarce knowledge regarding long-term QoL after breast cancer, burdensome problems, and unmet needs for more support. METHODS: Disease-free breast cancer survivors (n = 190) who had participated in two randomized controlled exercise trials during primary treatment were followed up to 5 years post-diagnosis...
May 8, 2018: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732933/challenges-imposed-by-hypoglycemia-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#17
Pamela Martyn-Nemeth, Jennifer Duffecy, Cynthia Fritschi, Laurie Quinn
Little is known regarding how hypoglycemia and associated fears influence day-to-day life among adults with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) who use contemporary diabetes management strategies. To address this gap, we performed an exploratory qualitative study with five focus groups of 30 people aged 20 to 57 years with T1DM. Sessions were audiotaped and transcribed, and then analyzed. Eight themes emerged: (a) hypoglycemic worry, (b) unpredictability and loss of control, (c) contending with life stress, (d) exercise benefits and challenges, (e) a changed relationship with food, (f) sleep fears, (g) a love/hate relationship with technology, and (h) coping strategies to make it better...
May 1, 2018: Clinical Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726694/the-role-of-the-nervous-system-in-neuromuscular-fatigue-induced-by-ultra-endurance-exercise
#18
Guillaume Y Millet, Vincent Martin, John Temesi
Ultra-endurance events are not a recent development but they have only become very popular in the last two decades, particularly ultra-marathons run on trails. The present paper reviews the role of the central nervous system (CNS) in neuromuscular fatigue induced by ultra-endurance exercise. Large decreases in voluntary activation are systematically found in ultra-endurance running but are attenuated in ultra-endurance cycling for comparable intensity and duration. This indirectly suggests that afferent feedback, rather than neurobiological changes within the CNS, is determinant in the amount of central fatigue produced...
May 4, 2018: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721652/a-preliminary-evaluation-of-a-school-based-media-education-and-reduction-intervention
#19
David S Bickham, Yulin Hswen, Ronald G Slaby, Michael Rich
While media education and reduction programs have been proposed to prevent adverse health and academic outcomes related to heavy electronic media use among school-aged children, few have been formally piloted and evaluated. We used a quasi-experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of Take the Challenge (TtC), a school-based media education/reduction program for the primary prevention of sleep deprivation, dysfunctional social-emotional behaviors, and poor academic performance. Sixth- to eighth-grade students at a rural Midwestern U...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714992/issues-in-geriatric-care-maintaining-health-and-vigor
#20
Richard J Ackermann
Medicare covers annual wellness visits that are scheduled separately from regular medical appointments. These visits focus on prevention and health maintenance to help patients achieve successful aging, which is defined as living to old age without disability while also maintaining high physical and psychological levels of functioning and social engagement. To achieve these goals, most adults should perform at least 150 min/week of moderate-intensity exercise and maintain an optimal body mass index (ie, 23 to 32 kg/m2 )...
May 2018: FP Essentials
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