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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464336/current-concepts-in-joint-pain-in-knee-osteoarthritis
#1
REVIEW
K Mills, M Hübscher, H O'Leary, N Moloney
Joint pain attributable to osteoarthritis (OA) is complex and influenced by a myriad of factors beyond local joint pathology. Current practice continues to predominantly adopt a biomedical approach to OA despite emerging evidence of the importance of a more holistic approach. This paper will summarise evidence for the presence of multidimensional pain profiles in knee joint pain and the presence of subgroups characterized by systemic features such as psychological distress, high comorbidity load or sensitisation of the nervous system...
February 20, 2018: Der Schmerz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450484/neurological-manifestations-among-us-government-personnel-reporting-directional-audible-and-sensory-phenomena-in-havana-cuba
#2
Randel L Swanson, Stephen Hampton, Judith Green-McKenzie, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, M Sean Grady, Ragini Verma, Rosette Biester, Diana Duda, Ronald L Wolf, Douglas H Smith
Importance: From late 2016 through August 2017, US government personnel serving on diplomatic assignment in Havana, Cuba, reported neurological symptoms associated with exposure to auditory and sensory phenomena. Objective: To describe the neurological manifestations that followed exposure to an unknown energy source associated with auditory and sensory phenomena. Design, Setting, and Participants: Preliminary results from a retrospective case series of US government personnel in Havana, Cuba...
February 15, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432326/exercise-improves-physical-activity-and-comorbidities-in-obese-adults-with-asthma
#3
Patrícia Duarte Freitas, Aline Grandi Silva, Palmira Gabriele Ferreira, Analuci da Silva, João Marcos Salge, Regina Maria Carvalho-Pinto, Alberto Cukier, Claudia M Brito, Marcio C Mancini, Celso R F Carvalho
INTRODUCTION: Obese adults with asthma have an increased number of comorbidities and reduced daily life physical activity (DLPA), which may worsen asthma symptoms. Exercise is recommended to improve asthma outcomes; however, the benefits of exercise for psychosocial comorbidities and physical activity levels in obese adults with asthma have been poorly investigated. OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of exercise on DLPA, asthma symptoms and psychosocial comorbidities in obese adults with asthma...
February 9, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393015/-weak-respiratory-muscles-as-a-first-sign-of-als-symptoms-may-put-the-physician-on-the-wrong-track
#4
D Kiers, M Meermans, E Verstraete, H J van Leeuwen
BACKGROUND: Patients with decreased exercise tolerance and orthopnoea are often referred to an internist, a cardiologist or a pulmonologist. These symptoms can also be caused by weakness of the respiratory muscles, as an indication of a neuromuscular disease. If these symptoms are not recognized as such, this may result in a delay in timely diagnosis. CASE DESCRIPTION: An 82-year-old man had suffered from decreased exercise tolerance for 18 months. For the last months he had been sleeping upright and had lost 20 kg in weight...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389741/defining-anabolic-resistance-implications-for-delivery-of-clinical-care-nutrition
#5
Robert W Morton, Daniel A Traylor, Peter J M Weijs, Stuart M Phillips
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Skeletal muscle mass with aging, during critical care, and following critical care is a determinant of quality of life and survival. In this review, we discuss the mechanisms that underpin skeletal muscle atrophy and recommendations to offset skeletal muscle atrophy with aging and during, as well as following, critical care. RECENT FINDINGS: Anabolic resistance is responsible, in part, for skeletal muscle atrophy with aging, muscle disuse, and during disease states...
January 31, 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360489/voluntary-exercise-impact-on-cognitive-impairments-in-sleep-deprived-intact-female-rats
#6
Mohammad Amin Rajizadeh, Khadijeh Esmaeilpour, Yaser Masomi-Ardakani, Mohammad Abbas Bejeshk, Mohammad Shabani, Nouzar Nakhaee, Mohammad Pour Ranjbar, Fatemeh Mohtashami Borzadaran, Vahid Sheibani
Sleep loss is a common problem in modern societies affecting different aspects of individuals' lives. Many studies have reported that sleep deprivation (SD) leads to impairments in various types of learning and memory. Physical exercise has been suggested to attenuate the cognitive impairments induced by sleep deprivation in male rats. Our previous studies have shown that forced exercise by treadmill improved learning and memory impairments following SD. The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of voluntary exercise by running wheel on cognitive, motor and anxiety-like behavior functions of female rats following 72h SD...
January 19, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340774/-exercise-to-me-is-a-scary-word-perceptions-of-fatigue-sleep-dysfunction-and-exercise-in-people-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome-a-focus-group-study
#7
D Russell, I C Álvarez Gallardo, I Wilson, C M Hughes, G W Davison, B Sañudo, J G McVeigh
Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) is a common and complex chronic pain condition. Exercise is recommended in the management of the FMS; however, people with FMS often find exercise exacerbates their condition and causes overwhelming fatigue. The objective of this study was to explore the perceptions of fatigue and sleep dysfunction, and exercise in people with FMS. Three, 60-90 min focus groups were conducted with people with FMS (n = 14). Participants were recruited from patient support groups who had experienced therapeutic exercise in the management of their condition...
January 16, 2018: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304856/association-between-lifestyle-factors-and-suboptimal-health-status-among-chinese-college-freshmen-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Chenjin Ma, Wangli Xu, Long Zhou, Shuangge Ma, Yu Wang
BACKGROUND: Suboptimal health status (SHS) is the third state between good health and disease. SHS is the clinical or pre-disease status of psychosomatic disease and a major global public health challenge. Although its underlying causes remain unclear, lifestyle is one of the most important factors affecting health status. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at Renmin University of China in September of 2015. Data were collected from college freshmen using a questionnaire covering characteristics, lifestyle, nutrition status, and health status...
January 5, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170758/design-and-rationale-for-a-technology-based-healthy-lifestyle-intervention-in-older-adults-grieving-the-loss-of-a-spouse
#9
Sarah T Stahl, James Emanuel, Steven M Albert, Mary Amanda Dew, Richard Schulz, Gregg Robbins-Welty, Charles F Reynolds
Introduction: Experiencing the death of a spouse during late life is associated with an increased risk of developing debilitating mental health problems. Healthy lifestyle practices, such as regular exercise, healthy eating, and good sleep hygiene are promising strategies to influence the mental health and associated physical symptoms of late-life spousal bereavement. Objective: This paper describes the design and rationale of an intervention development study addressing selective and indicated prevention of depression, anxiety, and/or complicated grief disorder(s) among adults 60 years and older who are grieving the recent loss (within 8 months) of a spouse or partner...
December 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058628/effect-of-strength-training-on-sleep-apnea-severity-in-the-elderly-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Roberto Pacheco da Silva, Denis Martinez, Pedro Lopez, Eduardo Lusa Cadore
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) occurs due to sleep-induced upper airway muscle relaxation resulting in increased pharyngeal collapsibility. Clinical trials have shown a favorable effect of exercise training on OSA severity in middle-aged adults. Aging is characterized by motor-unit loss. Force training may affect the whole body muscle tone. We hypothesize that interventions increasing muscle strength might propagate to motor units at the abductor pharyngeal muscles, reducing collapsibility and, hence, sleep apnea severity in elderly patients with obstructive sleep apnea...
October 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056415/is-exercise-a-viable-therapeutic-intervention-to-mitigate-mitochondrial-dysfunction-and-insulin-resistance-induced-by-sleep-loss
#11
REVIEW
Nicholas J Saner, David J Bishop, Jonathan D Bartlett
Sleep loss has emerged as a risk factor comparable to that of physical inactivity for the development of insulin resistance, impaired glucose tolerance and type 2 diabetes mellitus. This is a concern as it was estimated in 2012 that approximately 70 million adults in the United States are sleeping less than 6 h each night, and the average nightly sleep duration of a representative sample of the U.S. adult population is reported to be significantly less than in previous decades. The underlying mechanisms responsible for chronic sleep loss induced insulin resistance include modifications in the regulation of hormone secretion, peripheral clock gene regulation, and the cellular signaling processes associated with regulating mitochondrial respiratory function...
January 19, 2017: Sleep Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983580/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-morbidly-obese-adolescents-in-singapore
#12
Dallan Dargan, Dmitrii Dolgunov, Khin Thida Soe, Pamela Er, Fathimath Naseer, Davide Lomanto, Jimmy By So, Asim Shabbir
INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) outcomes among adolescents and adolescent obesity associated factors in Singapore were evaluated. METHODS: Prospectively collected data of patients aged 16-19 years at first presentation who underwent LSG was retrospectively reviewed. A questionnaire was completed incorporating cigarette, alcohol, dietary and exercise habits; family history of obesity; Berlin and Epworth scores; and Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) scores...
October 6, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971973/nutrition-and-exercise-rehabilitation-in-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-nero-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Swapna Mandal, Eui-Sik Suh, Rachel Harding, Anna Vaughan-France, Michelle Ramsay, Bronwen Connolly, Danielle E Bear, Helen MacLaughlin, Sharlene A Greenwood, Michael I Polkey, Mark Elliott, Tao Chen, Abdel Douiri, John Moxham, Patrick B Murphy, Nicholas Hart
BACKGROUND: Respiratory management of obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) focusses on the control of sleep-disordered breathing rather than the treatment of obesity. Currently, there are no data from randomised trials of weight loss targeted rehabilitation programmes for patients with OHS. INTERVENTION: A 3-month multimodal hybrid inpatient-outpatient motivation, exercise and nutrition rehabilitation programme, in addition to non invasive ventilation (NIV), would result in greater per cent weight loss compared with standard care...
January 2018: Thorax
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919842/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-nutrient-timing
#14
REVIEW
Chad M Kerksick, Shawn Arent, Brad J Schoenfeld, Jeffrey R Stout, Bill Campbell, Colin D Wilborn, Lem Taylor, Doug Kalman, Abbie E Smith-Ryan, Richard B Kreider, Darryn Willoughby, Paul J Arciero, Trisha A VanDusseldorp, Michael J Ormsbee, Robert Wildman, Mike Greenwood, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Alan A Aragon, Jose Antonio
The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review regarding the timing of macronutrients in reference to healthy, exercising adults and in particular highly trained individuals on exercise performance and body composition. The following points summarize the position of the ISSN:Nutrient timing incorporates the use of methodical planning and eating of whole foods, fortified foods and dietary supplements. The timing of energy intake and the ratio of certain ingested macronutrients may enhance recovery and tissue repair, augment muscle protein synthesis (MPS), and improve mood states following high-volume or intense exercise...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890381/link-between-parkinson-disease-and-rapid-eye-movement-sleep-behavior-disorder-with-dream-enactment-possible-implications-for-early-rehabilitation
#15
Brian P Johnson, Kelly P Westlake
The purpose of this article is 2-fold: first, to inform readers of the link between the loss of motor inhibition during rapid eye movement (REM) sleep dreaming, diagnosed as REM sleep behavior disorder, and the future onset of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Parkinson disease and dementia with Lewy bodies; it has been reported that motor disinhibition during REM sleep often precedes the onset of these disorders by years or even decades; second, to consider that the identification of REM sleep behavior disorder and the early involvement of rehabilitation and/or development of home exercise plans may aid in prolonging and even increasing function, independence, and quality of life, should such neurodegenerative disorders develop later in life...
September 7, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818999/short-term-arrival-strategies-for-endurance-exercise-performance-at-moderate-altitude
#16
Joshua L Foss, Keren Constantini, Timothy D Mickleborough, Robert F Chapman
For sea level-based endurance athletes who compete at moderate and high altitudes, many are not logistically able to arrive at altitude weeks prior to the event to fully acclimatize. For those who can only arrive at altitude the night before competition, we asked if there is a physiological and performance advantage in reducing altitude exposure time to two hours prior to competition. On three separate visits, ten cyclists completed overnight laboratory exposures of: 1) a 14-hour exposure to normobaric hypoxia (16...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760192/long-sleep-duration-is-associated-with-sarcopenia-in-korean-adults-based-on-data-from-the-2008-2011-knhanes
#17
Yu-Jin Kwon, Suk-Yong Jang, Eun-Cheol Park, A-Ra Cho, Jae-Yong Shim, John A Linton
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Sarcopenia, or loss of muscle mass, occurs with aging and results in frailty, disability, cardiovascular disease, and insulin resistance. Recently, researchers have asserted that sarcopenia is not an inevitable process, but is a modifiable condition. Adequate sleep duration is also important to maintain good physical and mental health. Therefore, the aim of our study was to examine the association between sleep duration and sarcopenia in Korean adults. METHODS: Data from 16,148 participants (7,158 men and 8,990 women) were analyzed from the 2008-2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718987/the-impact-of-exercise-on-sleep-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#18
Ravi Reddy, Joseph El Youssef, Kerri Winters-Stone, Deborah Branigan, Joseph Leitschuh, Jessica Castle, Peter G Jacobs
The aim of this pilot study was to investigate the impact of exercise on sleep and nocturnal hypoglycemia in adults with type 1 diabetes (T1D). In a 3-week crossover trial, 10 adults with T1D were randomized to perform aerobic, resistance or no exercise. During each exercise week, participants completed two separate 45-minute exercise sessions at an academic medical center. Participants returned home and wore a continuous glucose monitor and a wrist based activity monitor to estimate sleep duration. Participants on average lost 70 (±49) minutes of sleep (p = 0...
July 18, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702218/effects-of-a-parallel-arm-randomized-controlled-weight-loss-pilot-study-on-biological-and-psychosocial-parameters-of-overweight-and-obese-breast-cancer-survivors
#19
Andrea Y Arikawa, Beth C Kaufman, Susan K Raatz, Mindy S Kurzer
BACKGROUND: Weight gain often occurs after breast cancer (BC) diagnosis and obesity along with sedentary behavior are associated with increased risk of BC recurrence and mortality. The primary objective of this study was to determine whether a significant weight loss, of approximately 10%, would lead to beneficial changes in biomarkers associated with cancer and/or cancer recurrence, and quality of life (QOL) in overweight and obese BC survivors. METHODS: This parallel-arm study took place in Minneapolis, Minnesota, from January 2009 until March 2010...
2018: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659501/diet-and-exercise-in-the-management-of-obstructive-sleep-apnoea-and-cardiovascular-disease-risk
#20
REVIEW
Devon A Dobrosielski, Christopher Papandreou, Susheel P Patil, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
Obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) is associated with increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) morbidity and mortality. It is accepted that OSA and obesity commonly coexist. The American Academy of Sleep Medicine recommends dietary-induced weight loss and exercise as lifestyle treatment options for OSA. However, most clinical trials upon which this recommendation is based have focused on establishing the effectiveness of calorie-restricted, often low-fat diets for improving OSA severity, whereas less attention has been given to the means through which weight loss is achieved (e...
June 30, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
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