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NaV 1.8 blocker

Tânia C Gonçalves, Rachid Boukaiba, Jordi Molgó, Muriel Amar, Michel Partiseti, Denis Servent, Evelyne Benoit
The Chinese bird spider huwentoxin-IV (HwTx-IV) is well-known to be a highly potent blocker of NaV 1.7 subtype of voltage-gated sodium (NaV ) channels, a genetically validated analgesic target, and thus promising as a potential lead molecule for the development of novel pain therapeutics. In the present study, the interaction between HwTx-IV and NaV 1.6 channel subtype was investigated using multiscale (from in vivo to individual cell) functional approaches. HwTx-IV was approximatively 2 times more efficient than tetrodotoxin (TTX) to inhibit the compound muscle action potential recorded from the mouse skeletal neuromuscular system in vivo, and 30 times more effective to inhibit nerve-evoked than directly-elicited muscle contractile force of isolated mouse hemidiaphragms...
May 1, 2018: Neuropharmacology
M Kollarik, H Sun, R A Herbstsomer, F Ru, M Kocmalova, S N Meeker, B J Undem
KEY POINTS: The action potential initiation in the nerve terminals and its subsequent conduction along the axons of afferent nerves are not necessarily dependent on the same voltage-gated sodium channel (NaV 1) subunits. The action potential initiation in jugular C-fibres within airway tissues is not blocked by TTX; nonetheless, conduction of action potentials along the vagal axons of these nerves is often dependent on TTX-sensitive channels. This is not the case for nodose airway Aδ-fibres and C-fibres, where both action potential initiation and conduction is abolished by TTX or selective NaV 1...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Silmara R Sousa, Joshua S Wingerd, Andreas Brust, Christopher Bladen, Lotten Ragnarsson, Volker Herzig, Jennifer R Deuis, Sebastien Dutertre, Irina Vetter, Gerald W Zamponi, Glenn F King, Paul F Alewood, Richard J Lewis
Spider venoms are rich sources of peptidic ion channel modulators with important therapeutical potential. We screened a panel of 60 spider venoms to find modulators of ion channels involved in pain transmission. We isolated, synthesized and pharmacologically characterized Cd1a, a novel peptide from the venom of the spider Ceratogyrus darlingi. Cd1a reversibly paralysed sheep blowflies (PD50 of 1318 pmol/g) and inhibited human Cav2.2 (IC50 2.6 μM) but not Cav1.3 or Cav3.1 (IC50 > 30 μM) in fluorimetric assays...
2017: PloS One
Ying Wu, Beiyan Zou, Lingli Liang, Min Li, Yuan-Xiang Tao, Haibo Yu, Xiaoliang Wang, Min Li
Previous studies demonstrated that Loperamide, originally known as an anti-diarrheal drug, is a promising analgesic agent primarily targeting mu-opioid receptors. However some evidences suggested that non-opioid mechanisms may be contributing to its analgesic effect. In the present study, Loperamide was identified as a Nav1.7 blocker in a pilot screen. In HEK293 cells expressing Nav1.7 sodium channels, Loperamide blocked the resting state of Nav1.7 channels (IC50 = 1.86 ± 0.11 μM) dose-dependently and reversibly...
February 16, 2017: Neuropharmacology
Dharmendra Singh Chauhan, Dilip Kumar Swain, Nadeem Shah, Hanuman Prasad Yadav, Udayraj P Nakade, Vijay Kumar Singh, Rajesh Nigam, Sarvajeet Yadav, Satish Kumar Garg
The aim of our study was to characterize the voltage gated sodium channel Nav 1.8 in bull spermatozoa. Forty ejaculates were collected from four Hariana bulls and semen samples were pooled in view of the nonsignificant variations between different ejaculates. Functional characterization was undertaken using A-803467, a selective blocker of Nav1.8, and veratridine as an opener of the voltage gated sodium channels while molecular characterization was done using western blotting and indirect immunofluorescence assays...
March 1, 2017: Theriogenology
Parashar Thapa, Chino C Cabalteja, Edwin E Philips, Michael J Espiritu, Steve Peigneur, Bea G Mille, Jan Tytgat, Theodore R Cummins, Jon-Paul Bingham
Tert-butyloxycarbonyl (t-Boc)-based native chemical ligation (NCL) techniques commonly employ hydrogen fluoride (HF) to create the thioester fragment required for the ligation process. Our research aimed to assess the replacement of HF with Trifluoromethanesulfonic acid (TFMSA). Here we examined a 33 amino acid test peptide, Huwentoxin-I (HwTx-I) as a novel candidate for our TFMSA cleavage protocol. Structurally HwTx-I has an X-Cys(16) -Cys(17) -X sequence mid-region, which makes it an ideal candidate for NCL...
September 2016: Biopolymers
A Laux-Biehlmann, J Boyken, H Dahllöf, N Schmidt, T M Zollner, J Nagel
BACKGROUND: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a high burden for patients and society. It affects 15-24% of women in reproductive age and is an area of high unmet medical need. CPP can be caused by a wide range of visceral diseases such as abdominal infections, gastrointestinal or gynaecological diseases like endometriosis. Despite the high medical need for this condition, pharmacological approaches are hampered by the limited number of available methods for the behavioural evaluation of pain in inflammation-driven animal models of pelvic pain...
May 2016: European Journal of Pain: EJP
W Rahman, A H Dickenson
Voltage-gated sodium channel blockers are not traditionally recommended for osteoarthritis (OA) pain therapy, but given the large peripheral drive that follows OA development there is a rationale for their use. Using a rat model of monosodium iodoacetate (MIA)-induced OA we used in vivo electrophysiology to assess the effects of the Nav1.7- and Nav1.8-selective antagonists, ProTxII and A-803467 respectively, on the evoked activity of spinal dorsal horn neurons in response to electrical, mechanical and thermal stimuli applied to the peripheral receptive field...
June 4, 2015: Neuroscience
Michael J Wilson, Min-Min Zhang, Joanna Gajewiak, Layla Azam, Jean E Rivier, Baldomero M Olivera, Doju Yoshikami
We investigated the identities of the isoforms of the α (NaV1)- and β (NaVβ)-subunits of voltage-gated sodium channels, including those responsible for action potentials in rodent sciatic nerves. To examine α-subunits, we used seven μ-conotoxins, which target site 1 of the channel. With the use of exogenously expressed channels, we show that two of the μ-conotoxins, μ-BuIIIB and μ-SxIIIA, are 50-fold more potent in blocking NaV1.6 from mouse than that from rat. Furthermore, we observed that μ-BuIIIB and μ-SxIIIA are potent blockers of large, myelinated A-fiber compound action potentials (A-CAPs) [but not small, unmyelinated C-fiber CAPs (C-CAPs)] in the sciatic nerve of the mouse (unlike A-CAPs of the rat, previously shown to be insensitive to these toxins)...
April 1, 2015: Journal of Neurophysiology
Claire Elizabeth Payne, Adam R Brown, Jonathon W Theile, Alexandre J C Loucif, Aristos J Alexandrou, Mathew D Fuller, John H Mahoney, Brett M Antonio, Aaron C Gerlach, David M Printzenhoff, Rebecca L Prime, Gillian Stockbridge, Anthony J Kirkup, Anthony W Bannon, Steve England, Mark L Chapman, Sharan Bagal, Rosemarie Roeloffs, Uma Anand, Praveen Anand, Peter J Bungay, Mark Kemp, Richard P Butt, Edward B Stevens
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: NaV 1.8 ion channels have been highlighted as important molecular targets for the design of low MW blockers for the treatment of chronic pain. Here, we describe the effects of PF-01247324, a new generation, selective, orally bioavailable Nav 1.8 channel blocker of novel chemotype. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: The inhibition of Nav 1.8 channels by PF-01247324 was studied using in vitro patch-clamp electrophysiology and the oral bioavailability and antinociceptive effects demonstrated using in vivo rodent models of inflammatory and neuropathic pain...
May 2015: British Journal of Pharmacology
Audrey Montersino, Anna Brachet, Géraldine Ferracci, Marie-Pierre Fache, Stephanie Angles d'Ortoli, Wenjing Liu, Fanny Rueda-Boroni, Francis Castets, Bénédicte Dargent
The tetrodotoxin-resistant (TTX-R) voltage-gated sodium channel Nav 1.8 is predominantly expressed in peripheral afferent neurons, but in case of neuronal injury an ectopic and detrimental expression of Nav 1.8 occurs in neurons of the CNS. In CNS neurons, Nav 1.2 and Nav 1.6 channels accumulate at the axon initial segment, the site of the generation of the action potential, through a direct interaction with the scaffolding protein ankyrin G (ankG). This interaction is regulated by protein kinase CK2 phosphorylation...
October 2014: Journal of Neurochemistry
Nilufar Foadi, Christian Berger, Igor Pilawski, Carsten Stoetzer, Matthias Karst, Gertrud Haeseler, Florian Wegner, Andreas Leffler, Jörg Ahrens
BACKGROUND: The synthetic cannabinoid ajulemic acid has been demonstrated to alleviate pain in patients suffering from chronic neuropathic pain. Cannabinoids interact with several molecules within the pain circuit, including a potent inhibition of voltage-gated sodium channels. In this study, we closely characterized this property on neuronal and nonneuronal sodium channels. METHODS: The inhibition of sodium inward currents by ajulemic acid was studied in vitro...
June 2014: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Botond Borcsa, László Fodor, Dezső Csupor, Peter Forgo, Attila Molnár, Judit Hohmann
A new aconitane alkaloid, 1-O-demethylswatinine (1), was isolated from the root of Aconitum moldavicum together with the known compounds cammaconine (2), columbianine (3), swatinine (4), gigactonine (5), delcosine (6), lycoctonine (7), and ajacine (8). The structures were established by means of HRESIMS, 1D and 2D NMR spectroscopy, including 1H-1H COSY, NOESY, HSQC, and HMBC experiments, resulting in complete 1H-NMR chemical shift assignments for 1-4. The effects of the isolated compounds 4-8, together with eighteen other Aconitum diterpene and norditerpene alkaloids with different skeletal types and substitution patterns, were studied on Nav 1...
February 2014: Planta Medica
Yukiko Muroi, Bradley J Undem
Recent advances in our understanding of voltage-gated sodium channels (NaVs) lead to the rational hypothesis that drugs capable of selective blockade of NaV subtypes may be a safe and effective strategy for the treatment of unwanted cough. Among the nine NaV subtypes (NaV1.1-NaV1.9), the afferent nerves involved in initiating cough, in common with nociceptive neurons in the somatosensory system, express mainly NaV1.7, NaV1.8, and NaV1.9. Although knowledge about the effect of selectively blocking these channels on the cough reflex is limited, their biophysical properties indicate that each may contribute to the hypertussive and allotussive state that typifies subacute and chronic nonproductive cough...
February 2014: Lung
Cédric J Laedermann, Matthieu Cachemaille, Guylène Kirschmann, Marie Pertin, Romain-Daniel Gosselin, Isabelle Chang, Maxime Albesa, Chris Towne, Bernard L Schneider, Stephan Kellenberger, Hugues Abriel, Isabelle Decosterd
Peripheral neuropathic pain is a disabling condition resulting from nerve injury. It is characterized by the dysregulation of voltage-gated sodium channels (Navs) expressed in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) sensory neurons. The mechanisms underlying the altered expression of Na(v)s remain unknown. This study investigated the role of the E3 ubiquitin ligase NEDD4-2, which is known to ubiquitylate Navs, in the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain in mice. The spared nerve injury (SNI) model of traumatic nerve injury-induced neuropathic pain was used, and an Na(v)1...
July 2013: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Najwa Abbas, Christelle Gaudioso-Tyzra, Caroline Bonnet, Mélanie Gabriac, Muriel Amsalem, Aurélie Lonigro, Françoise Padilla, Marcel Crest, Marie-France Martin-Eauclaire, Patrick Delmas
Voltage-gated Na(+) channels (Nav) are the targets of a variety of scorpion toxins. Here, we investigated the effects of Amm VIII, a toxin isolated from the venom of the scorpion Androctonus mauretanicus mauretanicus, on pain-related behaviours in mice. The effects of Amm VIII were compared with the classic scorpion α-toxin AaH II from Androctonus australis. Contrary to AaH II, intraplantar injection of Amm VIII at relatively high concentrations caused little nocifensive behaviours. However, Amm VIII induced rapid mechanical and thermal pain hypersensitivities...
August 2013: Pain
Audrey J Stone, Joyce S Kim, Katsuya Yamauchi, Victor Ruiz-Velasco, Marc P Kaufman
In decerebrated rats, we determined the dose of A803467, a NaV 1.8 antagonist, needed to attenuate the reflex pressor responses to femoral arterial injections of lactic acid (24 mM; ~0.1 ml) and capsaicin (0.1 μg), agents which stimulate thin fiber afferents having NaV 1.8 channels. We also determined whether the dose of A803467 needed to attenuate these reflex responses affected the responses of muscle spindle afferents to tendon stretch and succinylcholine (200 μg). Spindle afferents are not supplied with NaV 1...
May 24, 2013: Neuroscience Letters
W-S Vanessa Ho, Alison J Davis, Preet S Chadha, Iain A Greenwood
This study investigated the molecular identity and impact of enhancing voltage-gated Na(+) (Na(V)) channels in the control of vascular tone. In rat isolated mesenteric and femoral arteries mounted for isometric tension recording, the vascular actions of the Na(V) channel activator veratridine were examined. Na(V) channel expression was probed by molecular techniques and immunocytochemistry. In mesenteric arteries, veratridine induced potent contractions (pEC(50) = 5.19 ± 0.20, E(max) = 12.0 ± 2.7 mN), which were inhibited by 1 μM TTX (a blocker of all Na(V) channel isoforms, except Na(V)1...
April 15, 2013: American Journal of Physiology. Cell Physiology
T Hagenacker, N Schäfer, D Büsselberg, M Schäfers
BACKGROUND: Lacosamide is a novel anti-epileptic drug that enhances the slow- and not fast-inactivating state of voltage-gated sodium channels. Lacosamide has demonstrated analgesic efficacy in several animal studies but preclinical studies on neuropathic pain models are rare, and recent clinical trials showed no superior analgesic effects. METHODS: Here, we examine whether an acute or chronic administration of lacosamide (3-60 mg/kg, i.p.) attenuates pain behaviour induced by spinal nerve ligation (SNL)...
July 2013: European Journal of Pain: EJP
Bassil Hassan, Victor Ruiz-Velasco
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: κ-Opioid receptor (κ-OR) activation is known to play a role in analgesia and central sedation. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of the κ-OR agonist, U-50488 (an arylacetamide), on Ca channel currents and the signaling proteins involved in acutely isolated rat dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons expressing the putative promoter region of the tetrodotoxin-resistant Na channel (NaV 1.8) that is known to be involved in pain transmission...
January 2013: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
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