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Women in radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646645/comorbidity-assessment-in-patients-with-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma-can-imaging-techniques-fludeoxyglucose-positron-emission-tomographic-computed-tomography-and-contrast-enhanced-computed-tomography-provide-additional-information
#1
Matthias Troeltzsch, Florian Andreas Probst, Axel Rominger, Ulrich Müller-Lisse, Monika Probst, Katharina Obermeier, Michael Ehrenfeld, Sven Otto
PURPOSE: This study evaluated the role of imaging staging examinations (positron-emission tomographic computed tomography [PET/CT] and contrast-enhanced computed tomography [ceCT]) for the assessment of the comorbidity status of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). A binary null hypothesis was drafted: 1) imaging staging examinations do not augment knowledge about the comorbidity status of patients with OSCC and 2) there is no difference between PET/CT and ceCT in this regard...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644428/early-results-of-the-conservative-treatment-of-distal-radius-fractures-immobilization-of-the-wrist-in-dorsal-versus-palmar-flexion
#2
Maki Grle, Miro Miljko, Ivana Grle, Faruk Hodžić, Tarik Kapidžić
Aim To evaluate immobilization with dorsal forearm plaster splint with the wrist in dorsal flexion vs palmar flexion in patients with distal radius fracture. Methods In the prospective study (2012-2014) 122 patients (of which 22 patients lost) with fractures of the distal radius type A2, A3 and C according to the AO classification were investigated. At the end there were 50 patients in each of the two groups: the dorsiflexion (DF) group had a total of 37 women and 13 men, mean age was 63.48 ± 14.70, and in the palmar flexion (PF) group there were respectively 38/12, and the mean age was 64...
August 1, 2017: Medicinski Glasnik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644061/diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-the-assessment-of-choroid-plexus-aging
#3
Banu Alicioglu, Guliz Yilmaz, Ozgur Tosun, Nail Bulakbasi
Recent studies have pointed out dysfunction and histopathological changes of the choroid plexuses (CPs) with aging. This paper reviews apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of the CPs for age-related changes. All the brain MR images of the patients between January 2013 and June 2014 in our Radiology Department were retrospectively investigated. Patients with major cranial abnormalities (brain tumors, hyperacute or acute ischemia, developmental anomalies, hemorrhage, hydrocephaly) were excluded. Diffusion-weighted images were obtained at the parameter values of b = 1000 s/mm(2) in the axial plane...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632562/degenerative-changes-of-the-facet-joints-in-adults-with-lumbar-spondylolysis
#4
Yuichiro Goda, Toshinori Sakai, Taihei Harada, Shoichiro Takao, Yoichiro Takata, Kosaku Higashino, Masafumi Harada, Koichi Sairyo
STUDY DESIGN: Radiologic analysis using computed tomography. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the degenerative changes of the facet joints in patients with spondylolysis in comparison with control subjects. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Defects of the pars interarticularis are thought to result in a reduction of biomechanical stress on adjacent facet joints. Therefore, degenerative changes of the facet joints in patients with spondylolysis are expected to be less than those in patients without spondylolysis...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632041/automated-volumetry-of-hippocampus-is-useful-to-confirm-unilateral-mesial-temporal-sclerosis-in-patients-with-radiologically-positive-findings
#5
Guilherme Silva, Cristina Martins, Nádia Moreira da Silva, Duarte Vieira, Dias Costa, Ricardo Rego, José Fonseca, João Paulo Silva Cunha
Background and purpose We evaluated two methods to identify mesial temporal sclerosis (MTS): visual inspection by experienced epilepsy neuroradiologists based on structural magnetic resonance imaging sequences and automated hippocampal volumetry provided by a processing pipeline based on the FMRIB Software Library. Methods This retrospective study included patients from the epilepsy monitoring unit database of our institution. All patients underwent brain magnetic resonance imaging in 1.5T and 3T scanners with protocols that included thin coronal T2, T1 and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery and isometric T1 acquisitions...
January 1, 2017: Neuroradiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630567/a-clinical-prospective-observational-cohort-study-on-the-prevalence-and-primary-diagnostic-accuracy-of-occult-vertebral-fractures-in-aged-women-with-acute-lower-back-pain-using-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
Atsushi Terakado, Sumihisa Orita, Kazuhide Inage, Go Kubota, Tomohiro Kanzaki, Hiroshi Mori, Yuji Shinohara, Junichi Nakamura, Yusuke Matsuura, Yasuchika Aoki, Takeo Furuya, Masao Koda, Seiji Ohtori
BACKGROUND: Elderly female patients complaints of acute low back pain (LBP) may involve vertebral fracture (VF), among which occult VF (OVF: early-stage VF without any morphological change) is often missed to be detected by primary X-ray examination. The current study aimed to investigate the prevalence of VF and OVF and the diagnostic accuracy of the initial X-ray in detecting OVF. METHOD: Subjects were elderly women (>70 years old) complaining of acute LBP with an accurate onset date...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624010/lupus-mastitis-as-a-first-manifestation-of-systemic-disease-about-two-cases-with-a-review-of-the-literature
#7
REVIEW
Béatrice Voizard, Lucie Lalonde, Lilia Maria Sanchez, Johanne Richard-Chesnay, Julie David, Maude Labelle, Mona El Khoury, Isabelle Trop
Lupus mastitis is an uncommon manifestation of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) that affects the subcutaneous fat in the breast, much like lupus panniculitis, but additionally involves the mammary gland. We report on two women for whom lupus mastitis was the initial manifestation of SLE and provide a literature review of 34 additional cases reported in the Anglo-Saxon and French literature since 1971, making this the largest review to date. Lupus mastitis (LM) can manifest clinically as subcutaneous masses that may be painful, or may present cutaneous involvement such as thickening and discolouration...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622188/differences-in-fundamental-sagittal-pelvic-parameters-based-on-age-sex-and-race
#8
Robert K Merrill, Jun S Kim, Dante M Leven, Joung Heon Kim, Joshua J Meaike, Rachel S Bronheim, Kelly I Suchman, Doug Nowacki, Sunder S Gidumal, Samuel K Cho
STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether age, sex, and race have independent effects on sagittal pelvic parameters. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pelvic parameters and sagittal balance correlate with health-related quality of life and are important for patient assessment and surgical planning. Age, sex, and race are 3 unalterable patient factors that may influence pelvic morphology. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of consecutive adult patients who presented to our radiology practice between 2010 and 2015 and had a standing, lateral lumbosacral radiograph...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616233/long-standing-aggressive-angiomyxoma-as-a-paratesticular-mass-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#9
Ahmet M Aydin, Kubra Katipoglu, Dilek E Baydar, Cenk Y Bilen
OBJECTIVES: Aggressive angiomyxoma is known as a mesenchymal tumor of premenopausal women and it is extremely rare in men. METHODS: Herein, we report a 66-year-old male with a firm scrotal mass that had gradually enlarged over 20 years. RESULTS: Radiological studies revealed 10 x 15 cm mass lesion confined to right scrotum with neither local invasion nor distant metastasis. Inguinal orchiectomy was performed and histopathology showed characteristic features of an aggressive angiomyxoma occupying paratesticular region, which was a challenging diagnosis due to its unexpected occurrence in the male gender...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613915/inter-country-analysis-of-breast-density-classification-using-visual-grading
#10
Christine N Damases, Peter Hogg, Mark F McEntee
OBJECTIVE: Disagreement in mammographic breast density (MBD) assessment can impact breast cancer risk stratification, choices of further breast cancer screening intervals and pathways. This study examines whether inter-country MBD expectations and assessment approaches are associated with differences in MBD assessment. METHODS: Twenty American Board of Radiology (ABR) examiners and 24 United Kingdom (UK) practitioners using the 4(th) edition BI-RADS(®) lexicon assessed 40 mammogram cases of 20 women...
June 14, 2017: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612226/iris-study-a-phase-ii-study-of-the-steroid-sulfatase-inhibitor-irosustat-when-added-to-an-aromatase-inhibitor-in-er-positive-breast-cancer-patients
#11
Carlo Palmieri, Rob C Stein, Xinxue Liu, Emma Hudson, Hanna Nicholas, Hironobu Sasano, Fouzia Guestini, Chris Holcombe, Sophie Barrett, Laura Kenny, Sadie Reed, Adrian Lim, Larry Hayward, Sacha Howell, R Charles Coombes
PURPOSE: Irosustat is a first-generation, orally active, irreversible steroid sulfatase inhibitor. We performed a multicentre, open label phase II trial of the addition of Irosustat to a first-line aromatase inhibitor (AI) in patients with advanced BC to evaluate the safety of the combination and to test the hypothesis that the addition of Irosustat to AI may further suppress estradiol levels and result in clinical benefit. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Postmenopausal women with ER-positive locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer who had derived clinical benefit from a first-line AI and who subsequently progressed were enrolled...
June 13, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608254/determinants-of-physical-functioning-in-women-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#12
Hakan Nur, Bilge Saruhan Sertkaya, Tiraje Tuncer
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is an important health problem with its high prevalence and association with pain and functional disability in physical tasks and activities especially in women. AIMS: To explore the impacts of widely seen demographic, pathological, psychological, and impairment factors on physical functioning in women with knee OA using the performance-based and self-reported measures. METHODS: One hundred and ten women with knee OA participated in this study...
June 12, 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608122/patterns-of-lymph-node-metastases-in-apparent-stage-i-low-grade-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-a-multicenter-study
#13
Lucas Minig, Florian Heitz, David Cibula, Jamie N Bakkum-Gamez, Anna Germanova, Sean C Dowdy, Eleftheria Kalogera, Ignacio Zapardiel, Kristina Lindemann, Philipp Harter, Giovanni Scambia, Marco Petrillo, Cristina Zorrero, Vanna Zanagnolo, José Miguel Cárdenas Rebollo, Andreas du Bois, Christina Fotopoulou
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine oncological outcomes and incidence of lymph node (LN) metastases in women who underwent systematic pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy for surgical staging of apparent stage I low-grade epithelial ovarian cancer (LGEOC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study was performed at nine institutions across Europe and the US, and patients who underwent surgical staging for presumed stage I LGEOC between 2000 and 2016 were included...
June 12, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606840/open-reduction-in-pilon-variant-posterior-malleolar-fractures-radiological-and-clinical-evaluation
#14
Erhan Sukur, Yunus Emre Akman, Huseyin Bahadır Gokcen, Esra Circi Ozyurek, Ahmet Senel, Yusuf Ozturkmen
BACKGROUND: Pilon variant posterior malleolar (PVPM) fractures significantly disrupt joint congruency and cause tibiotalar instability. They are often underestimated and inadequately treated. PURPOSE: This study assessed the outcomes of surgical treatment of this subtype of malleolar fracture, and examined the importance of computed tomography (CT) in diagnosis and surgical treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: CT images and radiographs of 67 patients with trimalleolar ankle fractures were retrospectively analyzed...
June 9, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605985/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-laparoscopy-in-assessment-and-management-of-patients-with-appendiceal-neoplasms
#15
Grace Hwei Ching Tan, Tushar Shamji, Akash Mehta, Kandiah Chandrakumaran, Sanjeev Dayal, Faheez Mohamed, Normal J Carr, Babtunde Rowaiye, Tom Cecil, Rendan J Moran
INTRODUCTION: Radiological imaging often underestimates the extent of low volume peritoneal disease. The benefit of laparoscopy in assessing peritoneal metastases from colorectal and gastric cancer is accepted, but is inconclusive for appendiceal malignancy. We report our experience of diagnostic (DL) and therapeutic laparoscopy (TL) in patients with appendiceal tumours to determine indications and role in assessment and management. METHODS: A retrospective review of a National Peritoneal Malignancy Centre's prospectively maintained database was performed...
June 12, 2017: International Journal of Hyperthermia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603859/disparities-in-abnormal-mammogram-follow-up-time-for-asian-women-compared-with-non-hispanic-white-women-and-between-asian-ethnic-groups
#16
Kim H Nguyen, Rena J Pasick, Susan L Stewart, Karla Kerlikowske, Leah S Karliner
BACKGROUND: Delays in abnormal mammogram follow-up contribute to poor outcomes. In the current study, the authors examined differences in abnormal screening mammogram follow-up between non-Hispanic white (NHW) and Asian women. METHODS: The authors used a prospective cohort of NHW and Asian women with a Breast Imaging, Reporting and Data System (BI-RADS) abnormal result of category 0 or 3-plus in the San Francisco Mammography Registry between 2000 and 2010. Kaplan-Meier estimation for the median number of days to follow-up with a diagnostic radiologic test was performed, and the authors compared the percentage of women with follow-up at 30 days, 60 days, and 90 days and no follow-up at 1 year for Asian women overall (and Asian ethnic groups) and NHW women...
June 12, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602871/outcomes-of-antibiotic-therapy-for-uncomplicated-appendicitis-in-pregnancy
#17
Jeong Il Joo, Hyoung-Chul Park, Min Jeong Kim, Bong Hwa Lee
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study is to determine the feasibility and safety of antibiotics for uncomplicated simple appendicitis in pregnancy. METHOD: Ours was a 6-year prospective observational study conducted on 20 pregnant women in whom uncomplicated simple appendicitis (appendiceal diameter ≤ 11 mm and without any signs of appendicoliths, perforation, or abscess) was radiologically verified and managed with a 4-day course of antibiotics. Treatment failure rate, defined as the need for an appendectomy during hospitalization and recurrence in the follow-up period (median 25 months), and maternal or fetal complications during the pregnancy were evaluated...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601487/results-of-cementless-total-elbow-arthroplasty-using-the-discovery-elbow-system-at-a-mean-follow-up-of-61-8-months
#18
Simon P Frostick, Ahmed A Elsheikh, Ali Abdullah Mohammed, Amanda Wood
BACKGROUND: The available literature on the use of a cementless total elbow arthroplasty (TEA) design and its results are limited. This clinical study reports the outcome of the cementless Discovery elbow system. METHODS: Patients were operated on by a single surgeon between 2007 and 2014. Nineteen patients (20 elbows) were available for review, 2 women (1 bilateral TEA) and 17 men. The age of the patients ranged from 27 to 75 years (mean, 48 years). The mean follow-up was 61...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588880/estimation-of-the-prevalence-of-intraductal-papillary-mucinous-neoplasm-of-the-pancreas-in-the-french-population-through-patients-waiting-for-liver-transplantation
#19
Lucie Laurent, Marie-Pierre Vullierme, Vinciane Rebours, Frédérique Maire, Olivia Hentic, Claire Francoz, François Durand, Philippe Ruszniewski, Philippe Lévy
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Some studies have explored the prevalence of pancreatic cystic lesions (PCLs). Only one study based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) report examination focused specifically on intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) in a European general population. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of IPMN in a population of patients who had MRI for a non-pancreatic disease. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center study...
June 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588154/ultrasonographic-evaluation-of-palpable-breast-mass-and-correlation-with-histopathology
#20
A B Jahan, M U Ahmed, M Begum, M M Hossain, M M Rahman, J M Sarwar, M Z Hossain, F Begum, P L Saha, S Haque, M Muktadira
Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women and the second most common cause of cancer-related mortality. The distinction by physical examination of physiologic nodularity from abnormal masses can be difficult, while the clinical differentiation of a malignant mass from a benign one is difficult; the medical as well as potential legal consequences of missing a palpable carcinoma are high. There are significant number of reported cases of false-negative findings on mammography and the great desire not to miss a malignant lesion in the early stage of disease lead to aggressive biopsy, but the biopsy rate for cancer is only 10...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
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