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Women in radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790381/what-do-tsecs-provide-in-the-menopausal-hormone-therapy
#1
Placido Llaneza, Joaquim Calaf, Ana Rosa Jurado, Nicolas Mendoza, Borja Otero, Francisco Quereda, Rafael Sánchez-Borrego, Daniel Lubian
Tissue-selective estrogen complex (TSEC) is projected as a progestogen-free option for the treatment of estrogen deficiency symptoms in postmenopausal, non-hysterectomized women. TSEC combines the benefits of estrogen with a selective estrogen receptor modulator (SERM), in this case bazedoxifene acetate (BZA), which has an antagonistic effect on the endometrium, thus avoiding the use of progestins. The authorized TSEC combination (conjugated estrogens [CE] 0.45 mg/BZA 20 mg) for the alleviation of vasomotor symptoms has been demonstrated in randomized clinical trials compared with placebo or menopausal hormone therapy (MHT)...
May 23, 2018: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789874/the-interventional-radiology-ir-gender-gap-a-prospective-online-survey-by-the-cardiovascular-and-interventional-radiological-society-of-europe-cirse
#2
Tze Min Wah, Anna Maria Belli
AIM: A prospective online survey was conducted by the Cardiovascular Interventional Radiological Society of Europe (CIRSE) to evaluate the gender gap within interventional radiology (IR) and the barriers facing women in IR. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire ("Appendix") was devised by the authors and the CIRSE communication and publication team and sent electronically to 750 identifiable female members of CIRSE. Responses were collected from 7 August to 24 August 2017...
May 22, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785677/analysis-of-the-frequency-of-visualization-of-morphological-variations-in-anatomical-bone-features-in-the-mandibular-interforaminal-region-through-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#3
Marilza do Carmo Oliveira, Tamara Kerber Tedesco, Thais Gimenez, Sergio Allegrini
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the frequency of visualization of anatomical bone features and their possible variations in the mandibular interforaminal region through cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study that evaluated CBCT scans of the mandible of 141 women and 61 men, obtained by imaging archives from two private clinics of dental radiology. The study analyzed the frequency of visualization of: lingual symphyseal foramen (LSF), additional mental foramen (AdMF), absence of mental foramen (AbMF), mandibular incisive canal (MIC), and anterior loop (AL)...
May 21, 2018: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785160/observational-study-of-the-bisphosphonate-related-osteonecrosis-of-jaws
#4
Andreea Elena Lungu, Madalina Anca Lazar, Andrada Tonea, Horatiu Rotaru, Rares Calin Roman, Mindra Eugenia Badea
Introduction: The bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw was first referred to in 2003. Bisphosphonates action is focused on the osteoclasts. The drastic inhibition of the osteoclastic function is harmful for the jaws which are the only bones of the human skeleton in relative contact with the external environment. The adverse effects of the bisphosphonate-related therapy include the pathology for which they are prescribed, the atypical fractures in pathological bone. Method: The aim of this research was to analyze the risk factors and the treatment methods in case of osteonecrosis of the jaws...
2018: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780775/optimal-cutoff-level-of-serum-squamous-cell-carcinoma-antigen-to-detect-recurrent-cervical-squamous-cell-carcinoma-during-post-treatment-surveillance
#5
Jinju Oh, Jin Young Bae
Objective: The objective of this study was to determine the optimal cutoff level of serum squamous cell carcinoma antigen (SCC-Ag) to detect recurrent cervical squamous cell carcinoma during post-treatment surveillance. Methods: Between January 2000 and July 2014, a total of 158 women with cervical squamous cell carcinoma were treated with radiotherapy with or without concurrent chemotherapy at our department. A total of 1,550 serum SCC-Ag tests performed during post-treatment surveillance of the 158 patients were included in this retrospective study...
May 2018: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779839/distal-radius-fracture-fixation-with-a-volar-locking-plate-and-endoscopic-carpal-tunnel-release-using-a-single-15mm-approach-feasibility-study
#6
A Zemirline, C Taleb, K Naito, P Vernet, P Liverneaux, F Lebailly
Distal radius fractures (DRF) may trigger, reveal or decompensate acute carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) in 0.5-21% of cases. Internal fixation and median nerve release must then be carried out urgently. Less invasive approaches have been described for both the median nerve release using an endoscopic device and for the DRF fixation using a volar locking plate. We assessed the feasibility of DRF fixation and median nerve release through a single, minimally-invasive 15mm approach on a series of 10 cases. We reviewed retrospectively 10 consecutive cases of DRF associated with symptomatic CTS in 8 women and 2 men, aged 57 years on average...
May 17, 2018: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779185/predictive-role-of-measurement-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-thickness-with-static-mri-in-stress-and-mixed-urinary-incontinence
#7
Levent Yaşar, Serpil Ortakuz Telci, Keziban Doğan, Eyüp Kaya, Murat Ekin
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: To investigate the role of measuring the thickness of pelvic floor muscles with static MRI in the physiopathology of urinary incontinence in women with stress and mixed types of urinary incontinence diagnosed with urodynamic studies. METHODS: A retrospective clinical study was designed in collaboration with the radiology department. We recruited only patients who had undergone static pelvic MRI to determine the etiology of pelvic pain and exclude gynecologic disorders...
May 19, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778787/efficacy-of-palbociclib-combinations-in-hormone-receptor-positive-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients-after-prior-everolimus-treatment
#8
Ajay Dhakal, Christina M Matthews, Ellis Glenn Levine, Kilian Elizabeth Salerno, Fan Zhang, Kazuaki Takabe, Amy P Early, Stephen B Edge, Tracy O'Connor, Thaer Khoury, Jessica S Young, Mateusz Opyrchal
PURPOSE: Outcome data on hormone receptor positive (HR+ ), human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) nonamplified (HER2- ) metastatic breast cancer (MBC) treated with palbociclib after treatment with everolimus are lacking. The PALOMA-3 trial, showing benefit of palbociclib plus fulvestrant compared to fulvestrant alone in HR+ HER2- MBC after progression while receiving endocrine therapy excluded women previously treated with everolimus. The objective of this study was to examine outcomes of HR+ HER2- MBC with prior exposure to everolimus while receiving palbociclib-based therapy...
April 28, 2018: Clinical Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777259/diagnostic-yield-of-repeat-ct-guided-biopsy-for-suspected-infectious-spondylodiscitis
#9
Gregory J Czuczman, Daniel E Marrero, Ambrose J Huang, Jacob C Mandell, Varand Ghazikhanian, F Joseph Simeone
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the yield of repeat CT-guided biopsy in patients with suspected infectious spondylodiscitis following an initial biopsy with negative microbiology, and to identify factors associated with successful pathogen isolation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 21 patients (12 men, 9 women; mean age, 52, range, 12-84) were identified with clinically and radiologically suspected infectious spondylodiscitis who underwent repeat biopsy following negative cultures from an initial biopsy...
May 18, 2018: Skeletal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774784/moderate-alcohol-consumption-is-associated-with-increased-radiological-progression-in-women-but-not-in-men-with-early-rheumatoid-arthritis-results-from-the-espoir-cohort-%C3%A3-tude-et-suivi-des-polyarthrites-indiff%C3%A3-renci%C3%A3-es-r%C3%A3-centes
#10
F Sageloli, J L Quesada, B Fautrel, C Salliot, P Gaudin, A Baillet
OBJECTIVE: We conducted this study to determine whether alcohol consumption influences radiological progression in early rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHOD: Patients fulfilling the European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology 2010 criteria in the early arthritis cohort ESPOIR (Étude et Suivi des Polyarthrites Indifférenciées Récentes) were included in this study. Alcohol consumption was collected at baseline and at each visit. We classified alcohol consumption into three groups: abstinent (0 g/day), moderate (≤ 20 g/day for women, ≤ 30 g/day for men), and abuse (> 20 g/day for women, > 30 g/day for men)...
May 18, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772368/volumetric-muscle-measurements-indicate-significant-muscle-degeneration-in-single-level-disc-herniation-patients
#11
Kaan Yaltırık, Burhan Oral Güdü, Yüksel Işık, Çiğdem Altunok, Ufuk Tipi, Başar Atalay
INTRODUCTION: There is a strong relationship between lower back pain and paraspinal muscle atrophy. In this study, we aimed to investigate the prevalence of lumbar paravertebral muscle atrophy in patients with and without single level disc herniation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The 110 retrospectively analyzed patients in this study were divided into two groups. Group A included 55 patients with radiologically confirmed single level disc herniation with back pain and radiculopathy...
May 14, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770589/short-term-follow-up-of-antibiotic-loaded-articulating-cement-spacers-in-two-stage-revision-of-infected-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#12
Meng-Qiang Tian, Xian-Teng Yang, Xiao-Bin Tian, Yun-Bo Sun, Yuan-Hui Duan, Li Sun
OBJECTIVE: Infection of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a rare but devastating complication. Two-stage revision is an effective treatment for late infected TKA. This study aimed to assess the short-term results of two-stage revision using articulating antibiotic-loaded spacers. METHODS: Twenty-five patients (10 men and 15 women) were diagnosed with late infections after TKA and treated with two-stage revision from April 2006 to August 2010; 19 of these patients had TKA for osteoarthritis and 6 for rheumatoid arthritis...
May 17, 2018: Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770485/elongated-transverse-aortic-arch-%C3%A4-n-subjects-without-turner-syndrome-a-preliminary-computed-tomography-study
#13
B Ece, H Yiğit, E Ergün, P N Koşar
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the present study was to investigate the presence of an elongated transverse aortic arch (ETA), which has been reported to be specific for Turner syndrome, in a population without Turner syndrome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A set of 1012 patients (713 men, 299 women) under 40 years old, who underwent thoracic CT examination in our radiology department between July 2016 and December 2016, were included in the study. CT scans were performed by 16-slice scanners...
May 17, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769237/outcomes-following-antenatal-identification-of-hydrops-fetalis-a-single-centre-experience-from-2001-to-2012
#14
Damien M Gilby, J Bridie Mee, C Omar Farouk Kamlin, Louise H Kornman, Peter G Davis, Brett James Manley
OBJECTIVE: To describe the aetiologies and outcomes of pregnancies complicated by hydrops fetalis (HF). STUDY DESIGN: Case series of all pregnancies complicated by HF managed at The Royal Women's Hospital (RWH), Melbourne, Australia, between 2001 and 2012. Multiple pregnancies, and cases where antenatal care was not provided at RWH were excluded. Cases were identified from neonatal and obstetric databases. Data were extracted from maternal and neonatal case files, electronic pathology and radiology reports, and obstetric and neonatal databases...
May 16, 2018: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766409/where-youth-matters-clinicopathologic-characteristics-and-emerging-trends-in-treatment-and-outcomes-in-young-irish-women-with-breast-cancer
#15
Megan Greally, Jennifer Kielty, Geoffrey A Watson, Geoffrey Das, Christina Malouf, Lynda McSorley, Niamh Coleman, Cecily Quinn, Enda W McDermott, Giuseppe Gullo, John Crown, Ruth S Prichard, Catherine M Kelly, Janice M Walshe
BACKGROUND: Young women with breast cancer (YWBC) represent 7-12% of breast cancer diagnoses and ostensibly have more biologically aggressive subtypes with higher relapse and mortality rates. We studied the clinical and pathological characteristics in YWBC and examined how outcomes and treatment have evolved. METHODS: YWBC were identified from pathology databases at two tertiary centers. Patients were divided into two cohorts: those diagnosed from 2000 to 2005 (C1) and from 2006 to 2015 (C2)...
May 15, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760785/monitoring-crohn-s-disease-activity-endoscopy-fecal-markers-and-computed-tomography-enterography
#16
Susana Lopes, Patrícia Andrade, Joana Afonso, Rui Cunha, Eduardo Rodrigues Pinto, Isabel Ramos, Guilherme Macedo, Fernando Magro
Background: The treatment goal of Crohn's disease (CD) has moved towards achieving mucosal healing, resolution of transmural inflammation, and normalization of biomarkers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate how well computed tomography enterography (CTE) and fecal calprotectin (FC) correlated with endoscopic activity in newly diagnosed patients with CD and after 1 year of therapy. Methods: Consecutive patients with newly diagnosed CD were evaluated by endoscopy, CTE, and FC at diagnosis and 12 months after beginning immunosuppression...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754330/gender-differences-in-axial-spondyloarthritis-women-are-not-so-lucky
#17
REVIEW
T Rusman, R F van Vollenhoven, I E van der Horst-Bruinsma
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) was historically seen as a predominantly male disease. However, more recent data showed a more homogenous sex prevalence. Unfortunately, in many studies in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), the number of women included is low and the analyses are often not stratified for gender distribution. The purpose of this review is to aggregate the existing data on gender differences in axSpA in order to increase the awareness that female axSpA patients are still under-recognized...
May 12, 2018: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751369/central-giant-cell-lesion-of-the-jaws-an-updated-analysis-of-2270-cases-reported-in-the-literature
#18
REVIEW
Bruno Ramos Chrcanovic, Carolina Cavalieri Gomes, Ricardo Santiago Gomez
PURPOSE: To review all available data published on central giant cell lesion (CGCL) of the jaws into a comprehensive analysis of its clinical/radiologic features, with emphasis on the predictive factors associated with its recurrence. METHODS: An electronic search was undertaken in 5 databases (February/2018), looking for reporting cases of CGCLs. RESULTS: 365 publications were included, comprising 2270 lesions. CGCLs were more prevalent in women and the mandible...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750646/circulating-steroid-levels-as-correlates-of-adipose-tissue-phenotype-in-premenopausal-women
#19
Geneviève B Marchand, Anne-Marie Carreau, Sofia Laforest, Julie-Anne Côté, Marleen Daris, Katherine Cianflone, Cornelia Prehn, Jerzy Adamski, André Tchernof
Background Obesity-related alterations in the circulating steroid hormone profile remain equivocal in women. Our objective was to identify circulating steroid levels that relate to increased adiposity and altered adipose phenotype in premenopausal women. Materials and methods In a sample of 42 premenopausal women [age 46 ± 3 years; body mass index (BMI) 27.1 ± 4.2 kg/m2], 19 plasma steroids were quantified by electrospray ionization-liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectroscopy (ESI-LC-MS/MS). Body composition and fat distribution were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and computed tomography (CT), respectively...
May 11, 2018: Hormone Molecular Biology and Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29749344/usefulness-of-cancer-free-survival-in-estimating-the-lifetime-attributable-risk-of-cancer-incidence-from-radiation-exposure
#20
Songwon Seo, Dal Nim Lee, Young-Woo Jin, Won Jin Lee, Sunhoo Park
Risk projection models estimating the lifetime cancer risk from radiation exposure are generally based on exposure dose, age at exposure, attained age, gender, and study population-specific factors, such as baseline cancer risks and survival rates. Because such models have been mostly based on the Life Span Study cohort of Japanese atomic bomb survivors, the baseline risks and survival rates in the target population should be considered when applying the cancer risk from Japanese atomic bomb survivors. The survival function used in risk projection models that are commonly used in radiological protection field to estimate cancer risk from medical or occupational exposure is based on all-cause mortality...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Radiological Protection: Official Journal of the Society for Radiological Protection
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