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Women in radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347992/anatomical-relation-between-s1-sacroiliac-screws-entrance-points-and-superior-gluteal-artery
#1
Yong Zhao, Libo You, Wei Lian, Dexin Zou, Shengjie Dong, Tao Sun, Shudong Zhang, Dan Wang, Jingning Li, Wenliang Li, Yuchi Zhao
BACKGROUND: To conduct radiologic anatomical study on the relation between S1 sacroiliac screws' entry points and the route of the pelvic outer superior gluteal artery branches with the aim to provide the anatomical basis and technical reference for the avoidance of damage to the superior gluteal artery during the horizontal sacroiliac screw placement. METHODS: Superior gluteal artery CTA (CT angiography) vascular imaging of 74 healthy adults (37 women and 37 men) was done with 128-slice spiral CT (computed tomography)...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346832/diagnosis-of-lumbar-spinal-stenosis-with-functional-myelography
#2
Matthias Morgalla, Sandra Frantz, Roberto Alexandre Dezena, Carlos Umberto Pereira, Marcos Tatagiba
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS:  The diagnosis of a lumbar spinal stenosis demands advanced diagnostic radiologic techniques. In recent decades magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has replaced myelography, now considered an old-fashioned technique. It was our hypothesis that functional myelography still plays an important role in selected cases. We investigated how our surgical strategy was influenced by the results of MRI, functional myelography, and postmyelography computed tomography (CT) in patients with a lumbar spinal stenosis...
January 18, 2018: Journal of Neurological Surgery. Part A, Central European Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342496/-adverse-events-in-the-treatment-of-periprosthetic-fractures-around-the-knee-a-clinical-and-radiological-outcome-analysis
#3
Anna Janine Schreiner, Christoph Gonser, Christoph Ihle, Max Konstantin Zauleck, Tim Klopfer, Fabian Stuby, Ulrich Stöckle, Björn Gunnar Ochs
BACKGROUND: The incidence of periprosthetic fractures associated with total knee arthroplasty (PpFxK) has been reported to be 0.3 - 5.5%. 40% of all cases are related to revision TKA. The most common localisation is the distal femur. Classification is performed according to Rorabeck (RB). RB I - II fractures are usually treated with locked plating and retrograde intramedullary nailing, whereas RB III fractures are an indication for revision arthroplasty using a hinged endoprosthesis...
January 17, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338316/retroareolar-masses-and-intraductal-abnormalities-detected-on-screening-ultrasound-can-biopsy-be-avoided
#4
Yang Guo, Madhavi Raghu, Melissa Durand, Regina Hooley
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the malignancy rate of retroareolar masses and intraductal abnormalities discovered in asymptomatic women during screening whole breast ultrasound (US-S) and determine if biopsy can be avoided. METHODS: This is a HIPAA compliant retrospective study. Our radiology electronic medical records were searched for the phrases "retroareolar mass" or "intraductal mass" combined with "screening whole breast ultrasound" performed between 10/1/2009 to 5/30/2015...
January 17, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333425/outcomes-of-selective-surgery-in-patients-with-suspected-small-bowel-injury-from-blunt-trauma
#5
Hyoung-Chul Park, Jong Whan Kim, Min Jeong Kim, Bong Hwa Lee
Purpose: The role of initial conservative therapy with selective surgery for patients with suspected blunt bowel injury by radiologic evaluation is less clear. The aim of the study is to assess the outcomes of patients who received initial conservative therapy with selective delayed surgery, compared to emergency surgery. Methods: During this 8-year study, a total of 77 patients who were hemodynamically stable were enrolled, in which computed tomography verified suspected bowel injury from blunt trauma (mesenteric hematoma, mesenteric fat infiltration, bowel wall thickening, and free fluid without solid organ injury) was managed with either initial conservative therapy with selective delayed surgery (group A; n = 42) or emergency surgery (group B; n = 35)...
January 2018: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327517/sheehan-s-syndrome-the-most-common-cause-of-panhypopituitarism-at-moderate-altitude-a-sub-himalayan-study
#6
Jatinder Mokta, Asha Ranjan, Surinder Thakur, Rajesh Bhawani, Kiran K Mokta, Jai Bharat Sharma, Manish Kumar
Background: Panhypopituitarism is a rare disorder with varied clinical presentation having various etiologies. Sheehan's syndrome (SS) is decreasing in frequency worldwide and is a rare cause of panhypopituitarism in developed nations. Methodology: A retrospective study done between May 2011 and May 2015 in tertiary care hospital. We reviewed the records of patients with hypopituitarism. Clinical features, hormonal profile and radiological investigations noted. Results: Total 14 patients of panhypopituitarism included with average duration of symptoms 1...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325966/role-of-intraoperative-ultrasound-to-extend-the-application-of-minimally-invasive-surgery-for-treatment-of-recurrent-gynecological-cancer
#7
Floriana Mascilini, Lorena Quagliozzi, Francesca Moro, Maria Cristina Moruzzi, Valerio Gallotta, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Giovanni Scambia, Antonia Carla Testa, Anna Fagotti
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe the potential role of intraoperative ultrasound (IOUS) in the detection and localization of recurrent disease in gynecological cancer patients during minimally invasive surgery (MIS). DESIGN: A prospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force II-1). SETTING: A University hospital. PATIENTS: From November 2015 to February 2017, 51 gynecological cancer patients with isolated recurrent disease and candidate for secondary cytoreductive surgery (SCS) were treated by MIS...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325942/perineural-spread-of-melanoma-to-the-brachial-plexus-identifying-the-anatomic-pathway-s
#8
Tomas Marek, Ruple S Laughlin, B Matthew Howe, Robert J Spinner
BACKGROUND: Perineural spread of melanoma is a well-known mechanism of metastasis in cases involving cranial nerves. Brachial plexus involvement is rare and the pathway is unknown. METHODS: A retrospective review of the Mayo Clinic database was performed to identify patients with a history of melanoma and brachial plexus compromise between 1994 and 2017. Inclusion criteria were a history of melanoma, a clinical diagnosis of brachial plexopathy, radiological features consistent with perineural spread and biopsy of melanoma within nerve...
January 8, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324473/chondromyxoid-fibroma-arising-in-craniofacial-sites-a-clinicopathologic-analysis-of-25-cases
#9
David M Meredith, Christopher D M Fletcher, Vickie Y Jo
Chondromyxoid fibroma (CMF) is a rare benign tumor, usually arising in the metaphysis of long bones in young adults. Occurrence in craniofacial bones presents a particular diagnostic challenge given its unusual location and resemblance to malignant mimics. We describe the clinicopathologic features of 25 cases of craniofacial CMF identified between 1999 and 2017. Patients were 14 men and 11 women, with median age of 44 years (range, 5 to 83 y). Sites of involvement were sphenoid (7), ethmoid (5), maxilla (3), occipital (2), nasal septum (2), palatine (2), temporal (2), orbit (1), and undisclosed skull (1)...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Surgical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317373/impact-of-an-abbreviated-protocol-for-breast-mri-in-diagnostic-accuracy
#10
Guillaume Oldrini, Imad Derraz, Julia Salleron, Frédéric Marchal, Philippe Henrot
PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy and interpretation time of an abbreviated protocol relative to the complete protocol of breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) with the use of breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS). Between-reader and between-protocol variability for BI-RADS classification and influence of reader expertise on diagnostic accuracies were also evaluated. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective reader study in 90 women who underwent breast MRI: 30 benign examinations (graded as American College of Radiology [ACR] 1 or 2), 30 examinations graded as ACR 3 and 30 examinations requiring a histologic proof (graded as ACR 4 or 5)...
January 2018: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317040/molecular-breast-imaging-a-comprehensive-review
#11
Ashley I Huppe, Anita K Mehta, Rachel F Brem
Molecular breast imaging (MBI), also called breast-specific gamma imaging (BSGI), has been an integral component of our breast imaging practice for over a decade. Unlike mammography and ultrasound that are based on anatomy, MBI is a physiologic approach to breast cancer detection. MBI detects additional foci of occult breast cancer in 9.0% of women with newly diagnosed breast cancer, has a high sensitivity for detecting high-risk lesions, and detects 98% of invasive breast cancer and 91.0% of ductal carcinoma in situ...
February 2018: Seminars in Ultrasound, CT, and MR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316960/pregabalin-versus-gabapentin-in-the-treatment-of-sciatica-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-double-blind-cross-over-trial-pagpros
#12
Kelvin Robertson, Laurence A G Marshman, Maria Hennessy, Linton Harriss, David Plummer
BACKGROUND: There is currently an absence of high-grade evidence regarding the treatment of chronic sciatica (CS). Whilst gabapentin (GBP) and pregabalin (PGB) are both currently used to treat CS, equipoise exists regarding their individual use. In particular, no head-to-head study of GBP and PGB in CS exists. Despite equipoise, most countries' formulary regulatory authorities typically favour one drug for subsidy over the other. This hinders interchange wherever the favoured drug is either ineffective or not tolerated...
January 9, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316119/solid-pseudopapillary-tumour-of-the-pancreas-clinicopathological-analysis
#13
Simon McCluney, Nilukshi Wijesuriya, Vinayata Sheshappanavar, Joanne Chin-Aleong, Roger Feakins, Robert Hutchins, Ajit Abraham, Satyajit Bhattacharya, Roberto Valente, Hemant Kocher
BACKGROUND: We report on our experience of the surgical management and outcomes of 11 patients with solid pseudopapillary tumour of the pancreas (SPT). We sought to correlate the immunohistochemical staining of these tumours with that previously reported in the literature. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the clinical presentation, radiological findings, surgical treatment, histopathological characteristics and outcomes for patients surgically managed with SPT at The Royal London Hospital...
January 8, 2018: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307024/predictors-of-ventricular-tension-pneumocephalus-after-posterior-fossa-surgery-in-the-sitting-position
#14
Alexandra Sachkova, Timm Schemmerling, Maria Goldberg, Volodymyr Solomiichuk, Veit Rohde, Kajetan L von Eckardstein, Bawarjan Schatlo
BACKGROUND: Ventricular pneumocephalus is a rare but potentially life-threatening complication of cranial surgery in the sitting position. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to assess the incidence and risk factors of postoperative ventricular pneumocephalus. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 307 consecutive patients (147 men, 160 women) treated at our institution by intracranial surgery in the sitting position from January 2010 to October 2014...
January 6, 2018: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302783/does-patient-age-affect-the-ppv3-of-acr-bi-rads-ultrasound-categories-4-and-5-in-the-diagnostic-setting
#15
Yue Hu, Yaping Yang, Ran Gu, Liang Jin, Shiyu Shen, Fengtao Liu, Hongli Wang, Jingsi Mei, Xiaofang Jiang, Qiang Liu, Fengxi Su
OBJECTIVES: To calculate the positive predictive value of biopsies performed (PPV3) of the Ultrasound section of the American College of Radiology Breast Imaging Reporting and Data System (ACR BI-RADS US) atlas categories 4 and 5 in different age groups and to determine whether patient age influences the PPV3 of each category in the diagnosis of breast lesions. METHODS: We identified 2,433 ACR BI-RADS US categories 4 and 5 lesions with a known pathological diagnosis in 2,433 women...
January 4, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290492/-prognostic-factors-in-pleuropulmonary-decortications-for-tuberculous-pyothorax
#16
I Issoufou, M Lakranbi, L Belliraj, F Z Ammor, H Harmouchi, Y Ouadnouni, M Smahi
INTRODUCTION: Tuberculous pyothorax or empyema is one of the serious forms of tuberculosis and still poses public health problems. Through a series of patients who undergone pleuropulmonary decortication, we propose our model of management and determine the main factors prognostic. METHOD: We retrospectively retrieved for 8 years 93 cases of patients with pleuropulmonary decortication for tuberculous pyothorax confirmed by histological examination pre- or postoperatively...
December 28, 2017: Revue de Pneumologie Clinique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284937/prevalence-of-oral-mucosal-lesions-among-dental-patients-with-mixed-habits-in-salem-district-a-study
#17
R Karthik, N Mohan
Background: The practice of betel nut chewing with or without tobacco is still practiced in south india, salem inspite of its harmful effects. Methodology: 200 Patients visiting the outpatient department, Oral medicine and radiology from Aug 2015 to Aug 2016. Result and Conclusion: In our study, 3 women were exclusively churut smokers. Thirty-eight percent of the dental patients were beedi smoker, 32% were tobacco chewers, 12% were both betel nut and tobacco chewers, 8% were exclusively betel nut chewers, 1% of the dental population were exclusively churut smokers...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284459/autotransplantation-of-mature-and-immature-third-molars-in-23-chinese-patients-a-clinical-and-radiological-follow-up-study
#18
Haozhe Tang, Zhengyan Shen, Minhong Hou, Ligeng Wu
BACKGROUND: We investigated the clinical and radiographic outcomes of autotransplanted teeth over a follow-up period of 2 to 8 years, and summarize the findings of other relevant studies with regard to the primary factors that influence a good prognosis in such patients. METHODS: Twenty-three patients (6 men, 17 women) who attended Tanggu Stomatological Hospital, Tianjin, China, from 2008 through 2013, were included in the study. These patients presented with a variety of dental problems, including tooth loss, residual crowns, missing first or second molars, dental trauma, tooth fracture, and unrestored teeth...
December 28, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273558/risk-factors-for-late-screening-mammography
#19
John Davis, Juliana Liang, Matthew B Petterson, Albert T Roh, Navya Chundu, Paul Kang, Samantha L Matz, Mary J Connell, Daniel G Gridley
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer has the highest incidence of cancers in women in the United States. Previous research has shown that screening mammography contributes to reduced breast cancer mortality. This study aimed to clarify why late screening might occur in an at-risk population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was a prospective cross-sectional study including 758 patients presenting to our radiology department for routine screening mammography who completed a 30-question survey regarding personal characteristics and mammography history...
November 3, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273093/patient-related-outcome-of-unstable-pelvic-ring-fractures-stabilized-with-a-minimal-invasive-screw-rod-system
#20
Maximilian Kerschbaum, Nadine Hausmann, Michael Worlicek, Christian Pfeifer, Michael Nerlich, Paul Schmitz
BACKGROUND: Clinical and radiological outcomes of operatively treated unstable pelvic ring fractures are well documented, whereas little is known about the patient's related outcome. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the patient-reported outcome after minimal invasive treatment of pelvic ring fractures using the SF-36 and EQ-5D medical outcome scores. METHODS: Patients with unstable pelvic ring fractures treated in our trauma department with a minimal invasive screw-rod system between 01/2004 and 12/2014 were included...
December 22, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
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