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Guerrilla warfare

Kristina Lyons
Between 1994 and 2015, militarized aerial fumigation was a central component of US-Colombia antidrug policy. Crop duster planes sprayed a concentrated formula of Monsanto's herbicide, glyphosate, over illicit crops, and also forests, soils, pastures, livestock, watersheds, subsistence food and human bodies. Given that a national peace agreement was signed in 2016 between FARC-EP guerrillas and the state to end Colombia's over five decades of war, certain government officials are quick to proclaim aerial fumigation of glyphosate an issue of the past...
March 1, 2018: Social Studies of Science
Isha Berry, Lea Berrang-Ford
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis has been estimated to cause the ninth largest burden amongst global infectious diseases. Occurrence of the disease has been anecdotally associated with periods of conflict, leading to its referral as a disease of 'guerrilla warfare.' Despite this, there have been few studies that quantitatively investigate the extent to which leishmaniasis coincides with conflict or political terror. METHODOLOGY: This study employed a longitudinal approach to empirically test for an association between cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis incidence with occurrence of conflict and political terror at the national level, annually for 15 years (1995-2010)...
October 2016: Social Science & Medicine
Catharina Nord
In the year 1966, the first government hospital, Oshakati hospital, was inaugurated in northern South-West Africa. It was constructed by the apartheid regime of South Africa which was occupying the territory. Prior to this inauguration, Finnish missionaries had, for 65 years, provided healthcare to the indigenous people in a number of healthcare facilities of which Onandjokwe hospital was the most important. This article discusses these two agents' ideological standpoints. The same year, the war between the South-West African guerrillas and the South African state started, and continued up to 1988...
July 2014: Medical History
Gabriele Volpato, Pavlína Kourková, Václav Zelený
BACKGROUND: Over the past decade, there has been growing interest within ethnobiology in the knowledge and practices of migrating people. Within this, scholars have given relatively less attention to displaced people and refugees: to the loss, maintenance, and adaptation of refugees' ethnobiological knowledge, and to its significance for refugees' wellbeing. This study focuses on cosmetics and remedies used to heal skin afflictions that are traditionally used by Sahrawi refugees displaced in South Western Algerian refugee camps...
2012: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Philippe Bourgois
I thank the Society for Urban Anthropology for the Anthony Leeds Book Prize. The award gives me special pleasure because I think of myself primarily as an urban anthropologist. I was trained in "peasant studies" as a student of Eric Wolf's in the late 1970s and early 1980s eager to conduct participant-observation fieldwork on the revolutionary movements taking place in Central America in those decades. It was a hopeful - even inspiring - moment in history at my doctoral fieldwork theme/sites: the agrarian reform in the Amerindian Moskitia territory of Sandinista Nicaragua (1979-80, 1984), guerrilla warfare in an FMLN-controlled territory in El Salvador (1981), and farmworker organizing on a United Fruit Company plantation enclave spanning the Costa Rica/Panama Caribbean border (1982-1984)...
June 2011: City & Society: Journal of the Society for Urban Anthropology
Dorothy Morgos, J William Worden, Leila Gupta
This study focused on assessing the psychosocial effects of the long standing, high intensity, and guerrilla-style of warfare among displaced children in Southern Darfur. The goal was to better understand the etiology, prognosis, and treatment implications for traumatic reactions, depression, and grief symptoms in this population. Three hundred thirty-one children aged 6-17 from three IDP Camps were selected using a quota sampling approach and were administered a Demographic Questionnaire, Child Post Traumatic Stress Reaction Index, Child Depression Inventory, and the Expanded Grief Inventory...
0: Omega
H Vogel, D Bartelt
PURPOSE: Under war conditions, employed weapons can be identified on radiographs obtained in X-ray diagnostic. The analysis of such X-ray films allows concluding that there are additional information about the conditions of transport and treatment; it shall be shown that there are X-ray findings which are typical and characteristic for certain forms of warfare. MATERIAL AND METHOD: The radiograms have been collected during thirty years; they come from hospitals, where war casualties had been treated, and personal collections...
August 2007: European Journal of Radiology
Frederick M Burkle
The world is experiencing unprecedented violence and threats of violence, taking the form of complex internal nation-state conflicts, unconventional or guerrilla warfare against established governments, and stateless threats of terrorism by potential biologic, chemical, and nuclear weapons. What happens locally has immediate ramifications internationally. Real and potential health consequences of these events have evoked global concerns and realization that capacities and capabilities to respond to such events require unparalleled integration, coordination, and cooperation of the international community...
January 2005: Critical Care Medicine
E C Ritchie, D C Ruck, M W Anderson
The 528th Combat Stress Control (CSC) Unit activated on December 16, 1992, and deployed to Somalia in support of Operation Restore Hope on January 6, 1993. The experiences of the first 90 days are discussed, to include (1) deployment issues, (2) stresses facing the troops in Somalia, and (3) patient data. The CSC had expected to work with service members traumatized by the sight of starving children and dead bodies. Instead, the stresses were similar to those of low-intensity guerrilla warfare. Overall there were very few soldiers and marines impaired by mental health issues, and minimal psychiatric evacuations from the theater...
May 1994: Military Medicine
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1961: Revue International des Services de Santé des Armées de Terre, de Mer et de L'air
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1952: Boletin de Sanidad Militar
A K Leppäniemi
The most prevalent menace since the end of the cold war is the occurrence of civil wars and local and regional conflicts. The term "low intensity conflict" describes the new threat environment and covers a multitude of phenomena, such as civil wars, guerrilla warfare, terrorism and counterinsurgency operations occurring between routine, peaceful inter- or intrastate competition, and a sustained conventional conflict. There is a great challenge to alert the physicians in general, and the surgical community of the world in particular, to the new threat environment and the medical challenges involved in treating casualties of low intensity conflicts...
December 1998: World Journal of Surgery
S G Gundersen, H Birrie, H P Torvik, G Medhin, H Mengesha
In the Blue Nile Valley of western Ethiopia a successful control programme against Schistosomiasis mansoni starting from 1985 was in 1989 interrupted by local guerrilla warfare. The control was based on human mass chemotherapy campaigns during the rainy season of 1985 and 1986 and a limited annual, focal molluscicidal activity where re-infection was demonstrated. In 1995 the area was revisited and selected schools in previously hyperinfected villages were examined for reinfection. The results were compared to re-calculated figures for the 5-19 year age group from previous pre-, per- and post-control surveys in the same localities...
June 15, 1998: Acta Tropica
H Black, M J Labes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1967: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
A J Howard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1972: Medicine, Science, and the Law
F Cabinillas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1990: Cancer Investigation
D Shanks, J J Karwacki
Malaria remains a major cause of military casualties in Southeast Asia. The numerous conflicts in the region have been greatly affected by malaria. Besides guerrilla warfare, refugees and other civilian movements across international borders contribute heavily to the continuing problem of multiple drug-resistant malaria. Drug resistance is an increasing problem with few available prophylactic options. The malaria threat to any potential deployment of United States military forces remains unsolved.
December 1991: Military Medicine
E Fosse, H Husum
Owing to a poor capability for evacuation, mobile medical teams were sent to the area of Gazni in Afghanistan to work with local paramedics as part of a medical programme for the area. The teams were equipped to perform major surgery. During 1 month a surgical team inside Afghanistan performed 53 operations. The operations were performed in the patients' homes at night. The team had to move frequently so as not to be spotted by the Soviet and government surveillance. Equipment equivalent to a light field hospital was stored in a safe place and the team carried supplies for 1 or 2 days on their bicycles...
1992: Injury
R T McKinlay, D N Cohen
Initial management of ophthalmic injury in the combat zone of guerrilla warfare has been discussed primarily from the vantage points of paramedical personnel and the physician nonophthalmologist. Details of surgical management have been greatly abbreviated and many areas not discussed at all, since they lie beyond the scope of this report. Continuing improvement and innovations in this report. Continuing improvement and innovations in this sphere require constant familiarity with current ophthalamic literature...
November 1975: Transactions. Section on Ophthalmology
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 31, 1975: Medical Journal of Australia
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