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Confederate surgeon general

François Boller, Daniel Birnbaum
With few exceptions, neurology was nonexistent in the United States until the Civil War years. From 1861 to 1865, the United States saw a bitter armed conflict between the North (the Union) and the South (the Confederate States or Confederacy), and during those years, neurology was born in the United States. In 1861, Silas Weir Mitchell, together with George Morehouse and William Keen, opened and operated the first neurological hospital in Philadelphia, with the backing of the Surgeon General William Hammond...
2016: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
M E Rodríguez-Socarrás, J Gómez-Rivas, M Álvarez-Maestro, L Tortolero, M J Ribal, M Garcia Sanz, M Roupret
OBJECTIVE: To adapt to Spanish the recommendations for the appropriate use of social media (SoMe) in the urological setting prepared by the European Association of Urology (EAU). ACQUISITION OF EVIDENCE: The use of SoMe has become fairly popular in the international urological community. Due to the nature of the medical content shared among healthcare professionals through SoMe, however, there is the risk of medical and legal problems. For this reason, various international urological associations such as the American Urological Association, the British Association of Urological Surgeons and EAU have published their recommendations for the appropriate use of social media...
September 2016: Actas Urologicas Españolas
Brian C Sommerlad
Introduction : The benefits or otherwise of late palate repair in older children or adults are uncertain. The outcomes, particularly without appropriate speech therapy, are often disappointing. The issue is of special importance in the poorer countries where these patients are most commonly seen and where limited capacity and facilities may have to be rationed. Method : A task force was set up to report back to the International Congress in Orlando in May 2013. The chairman and some members were nominated by the organizers and further members were added during the discussion process...
November 2014: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
Jonathan Anderson, David Peace, Michael S Okun
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether General Albert Sidney Johnston's dueling wound and nerve injury (1837) contributed to his death at the Battle of Shiloh (1862). General A.S. Johnston was commander of the Confederate Army at Shiloh and was killed by a bullet that severed his right popliteal artery. The location of this wound in the popliteal fossa region was largely unnoticed and, consequently, was not treated expeditiously. It has been widely assumed that the sciatic nerve was injured in a duel 3 decades before and that this injury resulted in a loss of sensation in the right posterior thigh and knee...
December 2008: Neurosurgery
Guy R Hasegawa
During the Civil War, the unreliable supply and high cost of quinine forced the Confederate Army to use alternative treatments for malaria. Many quinine substitutes were mentioned in the literature of the time, but relatively few were advocated by Confederate officials and even fewer are described in surviving records. Medical supply officers often issued substitute remedies when quinine was requisitioned. Most alternative treatments were made from indigenous plants such as dogwood, willow (a constituent of which gave rise to aspirin), and tulip tree...
June 2007: Military Medicine
Lázaro Cárdenas-Camarena, Roberto Ramírez-Macías
During a period of 8 years, 384 female patients underwent simultaneous surgery for placement of implants and mastopexy. The surgical techniques used were selected according to the characteristics of each particular case. The determining variables in the selection were ptosis of the nipple-areola complex (NAC) and distance from the NAC to the inframammary fold. Only three surgical techniques were used: NAC lifting (n = 30), periareolar pexy (n = 196), and inverted T pexy (n = 158). The degree of general satisfaction with each of the techniques was 89%, 82%, and 92%, respectively...
January 2006: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
Guy R Hasegawa, F Terry Hambrecht
During the Civil War, the scarcity and expense of imported drugs forced the Confederate Army to establish several medical laboratories to manufacture drugs for military use. The laboratories produced medicines from indigenous plants and also made non-plant-based drugs. The Confederate Surgeon General and the Chief Purveyor in Richmond, VA, coordinated activities of most of the laboratories. The laboratories employed talented and resourceful personnel and manufactured a large volume and wide variety of drugs, the most useful of which included ether, chloroform, and opiates...
December 2003: Southern Medical Journal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1961: Virginia Medical Monthly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1960: Virginia Medical Monthly
Hans-Ulrich Baer, Peter Gilgen
The International Committee for Military Medicine (ICMM) decided at the 32nd Congress in Vienna in 1998 to give the Surgeon General of the Swiss Armed Forces the mandate to organize its international courses on the Law of Armed Conflict (LOAC). The Swiss Federal Government fully honored and endorsed its obligation to organize these important international courses. It is in the continuing tradition of Switzerland, as a small neutral state, to support humanitarian help and all efforts to prevent war. As decided by the head of the government on April 3, 1998, the mandate of the LOAC Courses will be funded by the Swiss Confederation...
August 2002: Military Medicine
I A Cameron
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2001: Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia
R B Welch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
1999: Documenta Ophthalmologica. Advances in Ophthalmology
H D Riley, F A Riley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 1999: Journal of the Mississippi State Medical Association
W F Quirk, G Sternbach
A Confederate Army surgeon, Joseph Jones, is generally credited to have provided the first modern description of necrotizing fasciitis, then known as hospital gangrene. This is a soft tissue infection characterized by a rapid and progressive course. In the 1990s, this entity has been popularized by the media as representing infection with "flesh eating bacteria." Certain patients are at particular risk to develop necrotizing soft tissue infections. Those with impaired immunity, diabetes mellitus, and intravenous drug abuse are particularly vulnerable, but these infections can also occur in previously healthy patients...
November 1996: Journal of Emergency Medicine
J O Breeden
The Union's decision to treat medicines and medical supplies as contraband of war meant, for the Confederacy, the specter of medical shortages. The Confederate medical department significantly lessened the subsequent suffering through an energetic and resourceful program to supply its physicians' needs. Medicines and medical supplies were purchased abroad and smuggled through the Union blockade, obtained in an illicit trade with the North, captured from the enemy, and manufactured in the Confederacy. The search for home remedies, enthusiastically endorsed by Surgeon General Samuel P...
September 1993: Southern Medical Journal
R M Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 1968: AORN Journal
R M Campbell
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1967: Virginia Medical Monthly
S Davis
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1986: Journal of the Medical Association of Georgia
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