keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Cardiac laminopathy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628476/a-novel-truncating-lmna-mutation-in-patients-with-cardiac-conduction-disorders-and-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#1
Hiroshi Kawakami, Akiyoshi Ogimoto, Naohito Tokunaga, Kazuhisa Nishimura, Hideo Kawakami, Haruhiko Higashi, Chiharuko Iio, Tamami Kono, Jun Aono, Teruyoshi Uetani, Takayuki Nagai, Katsuji Inoue, Jun Suzuki, Shuntaro Ikeda, Takafumi Okura, Yasumasa Ohyagi, Yasuharu Tabara, Jitsuo Higaki
The cardiac phenotype of laminopathies is characterized by cardiac conduction disorders (CCDs) and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Although laminopathies have been considered monogenic, they exhibit a remarkable degree of clinical variability. This case series aimed to detect the causal mutation and to investigate the causes of clinical variability in a Japanese family with inherited CCD and DCM.Of the five family members investigated, four had either CCD/DCM or CCD alone, while one subject had no cardiovascular disease and acted as a normal control...
April 6, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618840/smad6-overexpression-leads-to-accelerated-myogenic-differentiation-of-lmna-mutated-cells
#2
Alexandre Janin, Delphine Bauer, Francesca Ratti, Camille Valla, Anne Bertrand, Emilie Christin, Emilie Chopin, Nathalie Streichenberger, Gisèle Bonne, Vincent Gache, Tatiana Cohen, Alexandre Méjat
LMNA gene encodes lamins A and C, two major components of the nuclear lamina, a network of intermediate filaments underlying the inner nuclear membrane. Most of LMNA mutations are associated with cardiac and/or skeletal muscles defects. Muscle laminopathies include Emery-Dreifuss Muscular Dystrophy, Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy 1B, LMNA-related Congenital Muscular Dystrophy and Dilated Cardiomyopathy with conduction defects. To identify potential alterations in signaling pathways regulating muscle differentiation in LMNA-mutated myoblasts, we used a previously described model of conditionally immortalized murine myoblasts: H-2K cell lines...
April 4, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575479/increasing-autophagy-and-blocking-nrf2-suppress-laminopathy-induced-age-dependent-cardiac-dysfunction-and-shortened-lifespan
#3
Shruti Bhide, Adriana S Trujillo, Maureen T O'Connor, Grant H Young, Diane E Cryderman, Sahaana Chandran, Mastaneh Nikravesh, Lori L Wallrath, Girish C Melkani
Mutations in the human LMNA gene cause a collection of diseases known as laminopathies. These include myocardial diseases that exhibit age-dependent penetrance of dysrhythmias and heart failure. The LMNA gene encodes A-type lamins, intermediate filaments that support nuclear structure and organize the genome. Mechanisms by which mutant lamins cause age-dependent heart defects are not well understood. To address this issue, we modeled human disease-causing mutations in the Drosophila melanogaster Lamin C gene and expressed mutant Lamin C exclusively in the heart...
March 25, 2018: Aging Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29557730/invertebrate-models-of-lamin-diseases
#4
Ryszard Rzepecki, Yosef Gruenbaum
Lamins are evolutionarily conserved nuclear intermediate filament proteins. They provide structural support for the nucleus and help regulate many other nuclear activities. Mutations in human lamin genes, and especially in the LMNA gene, cause numerous diseases, termed laminopathies, including muscle, cardiac, metabolic, neuronal and early aging diseases. Most laminopathies arise from autosomal dominant missense mutations. Many of the mutant residues are conserved in the lamin genes of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans and the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster...
March 20, 2018: Nucleus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317431/suppression-of-activated-foxo-transcription-factors-in-the-heart-prolongs-survival-in-a-mouse-model-of-laminopathies
#5
Gaelle Auguste, Priyatansh Gurha, Raffaella Lombardi, Cristian Coarfa, James T Willerson, Ali J Marian
RATIONALE: Mutations in the LMNA gene, encoding nuclear inner membrane protein lamin A/C, cause distinct phenotypes, collectively referred to as laminopathies. Heart failure, conduction defects, and arrhythmias are the common causes of death in laminopathies. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to identify and therapeutically target the responsible mechanism(s) for cardiac phenotype in laminopathies. METHODS AND RESULTS: Whole-heart RNA sequencing was performed before the onset of cardiac dysfunction in the Lmna -/- and matched control mice...
March 2, 2018: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057633/early-onset-lmna-associated-muscular-dystrophy-with-later-involvement-of-contracture
#6
Younggun Lee, Jung Hwan Lee, Hyung Jun Park, Young Chul Choi
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The early diagnosis of LMNA-associated muscular dystrophy is important for preventing sudden arrest related to cardiac conduction block. However, diagnosing early-onset Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) with later involvement of contracture and limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1B is often delayed due to heterogeneous clinical presentations. We aimed to determine the clinical features that contribute to a delayed diagnosis. METHODS: We reviewed four patients who were recently diagnosed with LMNA-associated muscular dystrophy by targeted exome sequencing and who were initially diagnosed with nonspecific or other types of muscular dystrophy...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047356/non-syndromic-cardiac-progeria-in-a-patient-with-the-rare-pathogenic-p-asp300asn-variant-in-the-lmna-gene
#7
Ali J Marian
BACKGROUND: Mutations in LMNA gene, encoding Lamin A/C, cause a diverse array of phenotypes, collectively referred to as laminopathies. The most common manifestation is dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), occurring in conjunction with variable skeletal muscle involvement but without involvement of the coronary arteries. Much less commonly, LMNA mutations cause progeroid syndromes, whereby an early-onset coronary artery disease (CAD) is the hallmark of the disease. We report a hitherto unreported compound cardiac phenotype, dubbed as "non-syndromic cardiac progeria", in a young patient who carried a rare pathogenic variant in the LMNA gene and developed progressive degeneration of various cardiac structures, as seen in the elderly...
October 18, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987496/low-symptomatic-skeletal-muscle-disease-in-patients-with-a-cardiac-disease-diagnostic-approach-in-skeletal-muscle-laminopathies
#8
Agnieszka Madej-Pilarczyk, Michał Marchel, Karolina Ochman, Joanna Cegielska, Roman Steckiewicz
Mild skeletal muscle symptoms might be accompanied with severe cardiac disease, sometimes indicating a serious inherited disorder. Very often it is a cardiologist who refers a patient with cardiomyopathy and/or cardiac arrhythmia and discrete muscle disease for neurological consultation, which helps to establish a proper diagnosis. Here we present three families in which a diagnosis of skeletal muscle laminopathy was made after careful examination of the members, who presented with cardiac arrhythmia and/or heart failure and a mild skeletal muscle disease, which together with positive family history allowed to direct the molecular diagnostics and then provide appropriate treatment and counseling...
September 25, 2017: Neurologia i Neurochirurgia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874324/complex-phenotype-linked-to-a-mutation-in-exon-11-of-the-lamin-a-c-gene-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-atrioventricular-block-severe-dyslipidemia-and-diabetes
#9
Ana Rita G Francisco, Inês Santos Gonçalves, Fátima Veiga, Mónica Mendes Pedro, Fausto J Pinto, Dulce Brito
The lamin A/C (LMNA) gene encodes lamins A and C, which have an important role in nuclear cohesion and chromatin organization. Mutations in this gene usually lead to the so-called laminopathies, the primary cardiac manifestations of which are dilated cardiomyopathy and intracardiac conduction defects. Some mutations, associated with lipodystrophy but not cardiomyopathy, have been linked to metabolic abnormalities such as diabetes and severe dyslipidemia. Herein we describe a new phenotype associated with a mutation in exon 11 of the LMNA gene: hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, atrioventricular block, severe dyslipidemia and diabetes...
September 2, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464412/heart-specific-expression-of-laminopathic-mutations-in-transgenic-zebrafish
#10
Ajay D Verma, Veena K Parnaik
Lamins are key determinants of nuclear organization and function in the metazoan nucleus. Mutations in human lamin A cause a spectrum of genetic diseases that affect cardiac muscle and skeletal muscle as well as other tissues. A few laminopathies have been modeled using the mouse. As zebrafish is a well established model for the study of cardiac development and disease, we have investigated the effects of heart-specific lamin A mutations in transgenic zebrafish. We have developed transgenic lines of zebrafish expressing conserved lamin A mutations that cause cardiac dysfunction in humans...
July 2017: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299614/lamin-a-c-cardiomyopathies-current-understanding-and-novel-treatment-strategies
#11
REVIEW
Xi Wang, Allyson Zabell, Wonshill Koh, W H Wilson Tang
Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is the third leading cause of heart failure in the USA. A major gene associated with DCM with cardiac conduction system disease is lamin A/C (LMNA) gene. Lamins are type V filaments that serve a variety of roles, including nuclear structure support, DNA repair, cell signaling pathway mediation, and chromatin organization. In 1999, LMNA was found responsible for Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) and, since then, has been found in association with a wide spectrum of diseases termed laminopathies, including LMNA cardiomyopathy...
March 2017: Current Treatment Options in Cardiovascular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125396/current-insights-into-lmna-cardiomyopathies-existing-models-and-missing-lincs
#12
REVIEW
Daniel Brayson, Catherine M Shanahan
The nuclear lamina is a critical structural domain for the maintenance of genomic stability and whole-cell mechanics. Mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes nuclear A-type lamins lead to the disruption of these key cellular functions, resulting in a number of devastating diseases known as laminopathies. Cardiomyopathy is a common laminopathy and is highly penetrant with poor prognosis. To date, cell mechanical instability and dysregulation of gene expression have been proposed as the main mechanisms driving cardiac dysfunction, and indeed discoveries in these areas have provided some promising leads in terms of therapeutics...
January 2, 2017: Nucleus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27938454/cardiac-manifestations-of-congenital-lmna-related-muscular-dystrophy-in-children-three-case-reports-and-recommendations-for-care
#13
Felice Heller, Ivana Dabaj, Jean K Mah, Jean Bergounioux, Aben Essid, Carsten G Bönnemann, Anne Rutkowski, Gisèle Bonne, Susana Quijano-Roy, Karim Wahbi
Skeletal and cardiac muscle laminopathies, caused by mutations in the lamin A/C gene, have a clinical spectrum from congenital LMNA-related muscular dystrophy to later-onset Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy, limb girdle muscular dystrophy, and dilated cardiomyopathy. Although cardiac involvement is observed at all ages, it has only been well described in adults. We present the evolution of cardiac disease in three children with congenital muscular dystrophy presentation of LMNA-related muscular dystrophy. In this series, atrial arrhythmia was the presenting cardiac finding in all three patients...
December 12, 2016: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717888/new-intronic-splicing-mutation-in-the-lmna-gene-causing-progressive-cardiac-conduction-defects-and-variable-myopathy
#14
Y Rogozhina, S Mironovich, A Shestak, T Adyan, A Polyakov, D Podolyak, A Bakulina, S Dzemeshkevich, E Zaklyazminskaya
BACKGROUND: Most of mutations in the LMNA gene are unique and have been found in only a few unrelated families. The clinical interpretation of new genetic variants, especially beyond the coding area and canonical splice sites, is proving to be difficult and requires advanced investigation. METHODS: This study included patients with progressive cardiac conduction defects with neuromuscular involvement. The clinical evaluation included medical history and 24-h Holter monitoring...
December 31, 2016: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649756/recent-advances-in-animal-and-human-pluripotent-stem-cell-modeling-of-cardiac-laminopathy
#15
REVIEW
Yee-Ki Lee, Yu Jiang, Xin-Ru Ran, Yee-Man Lau, Kwong-Man Ng, Wing-Hon Kevin Lai, Chung-Wah Siu, Hung-Fat Tse
Laminopathy is a disease closely related to deficiency of the nuclear matrix protein lamin A/C or failure in prelamin A processing, and leads to accumulation of the misfold protein causing progeria. The resultant disrupted lamin function is highly associated with abnormal nuclear architecture, cell senescence, apoptosis, and unstable genome integrity. To date, the effects of loss in nuclear integrity on the susceptible organ, striated muscle, have been commonly associated with muscular dystrophy, dilated cardiac myopathy (DCM), and conduction defeats, but have not been studied intensively...
September 20, 2016: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27529282/skeletal-muscle-laminopathies-a-review-of-clinical-and-molecular-features
#16
REVIEW
Lorenzo Maggi, Nicola Carboni, Pia Bernasconi
LMNA-related disorders are caused by mutations in the LMNA gene, which encodes for the nuclear envelope proteins, lamin A and C, via alternative splicing. Laminopathies are associated with a wide range of disease phenotypes, including neuromuscular, cardiac, metabolic disorders and premature aging syndromes. The most frequent diseases associated with mutations in the LMNA gene are characterized by skeletal and cardiac muscle involvement. This review will focus on genetics and clinical features of laminopathies affecting primarily skeletal muscle...
August 11, 2016: Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27220833/an-elderly-onset-limb-girdle-muscular-dystrophy-type-1b-lgmd1b-with-pseudo-hypertrophy-of-paraspinal-muscles
#17
Mitsuru Furuta, Hisae Sumi-Akamaru, Masanori P Takahashi, Yukiko K Hayashi, Ichizo Nishino, Hideki Mochizuki
Mutations in LMNA, encoding A-type lamins, lead to diverse disorders, collectively called "laminopathies," which affect the striated muscle, cardiac muscle, adipose tissue, skin, peripheral nerve, and premature aging. We describe a patient with limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1B (LGMD1B) carrying a heterozygous p.Arg377His mutation in LMNA, in whom skeletal muscle symptom onset was at the age of 65 years. Her weakness started at the erector spinae muscles, which showed marked pseudo-hypertrophy even at the age of 72 years...
September 2016: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27179216/emery-dreifuss-muscular-dystrophy-the-most-recognizable-laminopathy
#18
REVIEW
A Madej-Pilarczyk, A Kochański
Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD), a rare inherited disease, is characterized clinically by humero-peroneal muscle atrophy and weakness, multijoint contractures, spine rigidity and cardiac insufficiency with conduction defects. There are at least six types of EDMD known so far, of which five have been associated with mutations in genes encoding nuclear proteins. The majority of the EDMD cases described so far are of the emerinopathy (EDMD1) kind, with a recessive X-linked mode of inheritance, or else laminopathy (EDMD2), with an autosomal dominant mode of inheritance...
2016: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27014341/heart-disease-in-disorders-of-muscle-neuromuscular-transmission-and-the-nerves
#19
REVIEW
Josef Finsterer, Claudia Stöllberger
Little is known regarding cardiac involvement (CI) by neuromuscular disorders (NMDs). The purpose of this review is to summarise and discuss the major findings concerning the types, frequency, and severity of cardiac disorders in NMDs as well as their diagnosis, treatment, and overall outcome. CI in NMDs is characterized by pathologic involvement of the myocardium or cardiac conduction system. Less commonly, additional critical anatomic structures, such as the valves, coronary arteries, endocardium, pericardium, and even the aortic root may be involved...
March 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26733286/distal-acroosteolysis-poikiloderma-and-joint-stiffness-a-novel-laminopathy
#20
Wafaa Sewairi, Abdulrahman Assiri, Nisha Patel, Amal Alhashem, Fowzan S Alkuraya
LMNA encodes lamin A and lamin C, two major components of the nuclear lamina, and its pathogenic variants lead to a dozen distinct clinical entities collectively known as laminopathies. Most LMNA-related laminopathies are autosomal dominant but four are autosomal recessive; furthermore, some of the dominant variants have been associated with distinct phenotypes when inherited recessively, further complicating the ability to correlate genotype with phenotype. We report a consanguineous family in which the index presented with an apparently unique constellation of poikiloderma, joint motion restriction and distal acroosteolysis but lacks features of muscle weakness, lipodystrophy, or cardiac or craniofacial involvement...
August 2016: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
keyword
keyword
51446
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"