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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330889/exercise-desaturation-and-oxygen-therapy-in-ild-and-copd-similarities-differences-and-therapeutic-relevance
#1
EDITORIAL
Christine F McDonald
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330176/therapists-experiences-with-a-new-treatment-combining-physical-exercise-and-dietary-therapy-the-ped-t-for-eating-disorders-an-interview-study-in-a-randomised-controlled-trial-at-the-norwegian-school-of-sport-sciences
#2
Maria Bakland, Jorunn Sundgot-Borgen, Rolf Wynn, Jan H Rosenvinge, Annett Victoria Stornæs, Gunn Pettersen
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study is to explore how therapists running a guided physical exercise and dietary therapy programme (PED-t) experience their contribution to the treatment of patients with bulimia nervosa and binge eating disorder. METHODS: Ten therapists running the PED-t were semistructurally interviewed and the transcribed interviews were analysed using a systematic text condensation approach. SETTING: The study was run within the context of a randomised controlled trial at the Norwegian School of Sport Sciences...
January 11, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327339/electronic-registry-for-the-management-of-childhood-obesity-in-greece
#3
Penio Kassari, Panagiotis Papaioannou, Antonis Billiris, Haralampos Karanikas, Stergiani Eleftheriou, Eleftherios Thireos, Yannis Manios, George P Chrousos, Evangelia Charmandari
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem in our century. In Greece, more than 30-35% of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using information and communication technologies, we developed a "National Registry for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence" for guidance and training of Pediatricians and General Practitioners. The application supports interoperability with other national infrastructures and multi-layered security spanning preventive, detective and administrative controls...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326902/low-intensity-training-provokes-adaptive-extracellular-matrix-turnover-of-a-muscular-dystrophy-model
#4
Thaís P Gaiad, Murilo X Oliveira, Adalfredo R Lobo, Lívia R Libório, Priscilla A F Pinto, Danielle C Fernandes, Ana Paula Santos, Carlos Eduardo Ambrósio, Alex Sander D Machado
Recommendations of therapeutic exercise in Duchenne muscular dystrophy are still controversial. The hypothesis that a low-intensity training (LIT) protocol leads to muscle adaptations on mdx mice model was tested. Dystrophic male mice with 8 weeks old were separated in exercised (mdxE, n= 8) and sedentary (mdxC, n= 8) groups. Wild-type mice were used as control (WT, n= 8) group. Exercised group underwent a LIT protocol (9 m/min, 30 min, 3 days/wk, 60 days) on a horizontal treadmill. At day 60 all animals were analyzed regarding parameters of markers of muscle lesion and extracellular matrix turnover of muscle tissue by collagens fibers on tibial anterior muscle...
December 2017: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324562/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-prevent-pre-frailty-and-frailty-progression-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#5
João Apóstolo, Richard Cooke, Elzbieta Bobrowicz-Campos, Silvina Santana, Maura Marcucci, Antonio Cano, Miriam Vollenbroek-Hutten, Federico Germini, Barbara D'Avanzo, Holly Gwyther, Carol Holland
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the best available evidence regarding the effectiveness of interventions for preventing frailty progression in older adults. INTRODUCTION: Frailty is an age-related state of decreased physiological reserves characterized by an increased risk of poor clinical outcomes. Evidence supporting the malleability of frailty, its prevention and treatment, has been presented. INCLUSION CRITERIA: The review considered studies on older adults aged 65 and over, explicitly identified as pre-frail or frail, who had been undergoing interventions focusing on the prevention of frailty progression...
January 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320945/the-influence-of-exercise-dosing-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-knee-disorders-a-systematic-review
#6
Jodi L Young, Daniel I Rhon, Joshua A Cleland, Suzanne J Snodgrass
Study Design Systematic review. Background Therapeutic exercise is commonly used to treat individuals with knee disorders, but dosing parameters for optimal outcomes are unclear. Large variations exist in exercise prescription, and research related to specific dosing variables for knee osteoarthritis, patellar tendinopathy and patellofemoral pain syndrome is sparse. Objectives To identify specific doses of exercise related to improved outcomes of pain and function in individuals with common knee disorders, categorized by effect size...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318917/the-effectiveness-of-combining-inspiratory-muscle-training-with-manual-therapy-and-a-therapeutic-exercise-program-on-maximum-inspiratory-pressure-in-adults-with-asthma-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#7
Ibai López-de-Uralde-Villanueva, Pablo Candelas-Fernández, Beatriz de-Diego-Cano, Orcález Mínguez-Calzada, Tamara Del Corral
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate whether the addition of manual therapy and therapeutic exercise protocol to inspiratory muscle training was more effective in improving maximum inspiratory pressure than inspiratory muscle training in isolation. DESIGN: This is a single-blinded, randomized controlled trial. SUBJECTS: In total, 43 patients with asthma were included in this study. INTERVENTIONS: The patients were allocated into one of the two groups: (1) inspiratory muscle training ( n = 21; 20-minute session) or (2) inspiratory muscle training (20-minute session) combined with a program of manual therapy (15-minute session) and therapeutic exercise (15-minute session; n = 22)...
January 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318900/exercise-induced-myokines-as-emerging-therapeutic-agents-in-colorectal-cancer-prevention-and-treatment
#8
Priya Roy, Sanjib Chowdhury, Hemant K Roy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318339/-e-health-in-diagnosis-and-therapy-of-mental-disorders-will-therapists-soon-become-superfluous
#9
REVIEW
Stefan Lüttke, Martin Hautzinger, Kristina Fuhr
Digital media, online programs, and electronic health systems are available and easily accessible for diagnostic, prevention, and intervention of somatic and psychiatric disorders. These modern tools can assess objective as well as subjective information about acute symptoms, wellbeing, life quality, sleep, physiological indicators, etc. Wearables and apps collect data over days and weeks in the real world of subjects. This information can be used to document baselines as well as changes over time influenced by events or interventions...
January 9, 2018: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317079/biotensegrity-and-myofascial-chains-a-global-approach-to-an-integrated-kinetic-chain
#10
S L Dischiavi, A A Wright, E J Hegedus, C M Bleakley
Human movement is a complex orchestration of events involving many different body systems. Understanding how these systems interact during musculoskeletal movements can directly inform a variety of research fields including: injury etiology, injury prevention and therapeutic exercise prescription. Traditionally scientists have examined human movement through a reductionist lens whereby movements are broken down and observed in isolation. The process of reductionism fails to capture the interconnected complexities and the dynamic interactions found within complex systems such as human movement...
January 2018: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316654/exercise-and-mitochondrial-dynamics-keeping-in-shape-with-ros-and-ampk
#11
REVIEW
Adam J Trewin, Brandon J Berry, Andrew P Wojtovich
Exercise is a robust stimulus for mitochondrial adaptations in skeletal muscle which consequently plays a central role in enhancing metabolic health. Despite this, the precise molecular events that underpin these beneficial effects remain elusive. In this review, we discuss molecular signals generated during exercise leading to altered mitochondrial morphology and dynamics. In particular, we focus on the interdependence between reactive oxygen species (ROS) and redox homeostasis, the sensing of cellular bioenergetic status via 5' adenosine monophosphate (AMP)-activated protein kinase (AMPK), and the regulation of mitochondrial fission and fusion...
January 6, 2018: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313987/variable-role-of-carotid-bodies-in-cardiovascular-responses-to-exercise-hypoxia-and-hypercapnia-in-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#12
Wioletta Pijacka, Pedro L Katayama, Helio C Salgado, Gisele S Lincevicius, Ruy R Campos, Fiona D McBryde, Julian F R Paton
The carotid body has recently emerged as a promising therapeutic target for treating cardiovascular disease, however the potential impact of carotid bodies removal on the dynamic cardiovascular responses to acute stressors such as exercise, hypoxia and hypercapnia in hypertension is an important safety consideration that has not been studied. We first validated a novel surgical approach to selectively resect the carotid bodies bilaterally (CBR) sparing the carotid sinus baroreflex. Second, we evaluated the impact of CBR on the cardiovascular responses to exercise, hypoxia and hypercapnia in the conscious, chronically instrumented spontaneously hypertensive (SH) rats...
January 5, 2018: Journal of Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313427/melatonin-therapy-for-blunt-trauma-and-strenuous-exercise-a-mechanism-involving-cytokines-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-akt-mafbx-and-murf-1
#13
Gerald J Maarman, Russel J Reiter
Muscle injury occurs due to trauma, strenuous exercise or sports activities; most people affected are athletes. Ineffectively treated muscle injury can negatively affect sports careers and quality of life after retirement from sports. Reports have indicated that the current therapeutic management of muscle injury, particularly anti-inflammatory drugs, are not necessarily effective. Therefore, better therapies are required. Accumulating evidence has demonstrated melatonin's potent antioxidant and anti-inflammatory actions against muscle pathology in sarcopenia or atrophy in systemic disease...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299785/investigation-into-complementary-and-integrative-health-approaches-for-turkish-patients-with-gastrointestinal-cancer
#14
Seda Pehlivan, Ali Süner, Yasemin Yıldırım, Çiçek Fadıloğlu
The study was conducted to determine the levels of usage of complementary and integrative health (CIH) approaches and the symptoms experienced by Turkish patients with gastrointestinal cancer. A descriptive study was conducted on 81 patients with gastrointestinal cancer attending the medical oncology department of an oncology hospital. In the data collection stage, the patient description form that prepared by the researchers and the "Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale" were used. Data were evaluated via Chi-square and student t test...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299436/the-effect-of-zataria-multiflora-and-carvacrol-on-wheezing-fev1-and-plasma-levels-of-nitrite-in-asthmatic-patients
#15
Azam Alavinezhad, Mahdiyeh Hedayati, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
Objective: The preventive effect of Zataria multiflora in animal models of asthma has been reported. In the present study, its effect on wheezing, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, and plasma nitrite (NO2-) in asthmatic patients was studied. Materials and Methods: In this study, forty asthmatic patients including 15 males and 25 females (aged 45.8±6.21 years) were randomly allocated in four groups including placebo group (P), and three treatment groups which received two doses of Z...
November 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299199/swimming-training-alleviated-insulin-resistance-through-wnt3a-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling-in-type-2-diabetic-rats
#16
Qiang Yang, Wen-Wen Wang, Pu Ma, Zhong-Xuan Ma, Meng Hao, Temitope I Adelusi, Lei-Du, Xiao-Xing Yin, Qian Lu
Objectives: Increasing evidence suggests that regular physical exercise improves type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, the potential beneficial effects of swimming on insulin resistance and lipid disorder in T2DM, and its underlying mechanisms remain unclear. Materials and Methods: Rats were fed with high fat diet and given a low dosage of Streptozotocin (STZ) to induce T2DM model, and subsequently treated with or without swimming exercise. An 8-week swimming program (30, 60 or 120 min per day, 5 days per week) decreased body weight, fasting blood glucose and fasting insulin...
November 2017: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298726/effects-of-bone-marrow-aspirate-concentrate-and-platelet-rich-plasma-on-patients-with-partial-tear-of-the-rotator-cuff-tendon
#17
Sang Jun Kim, Eun Kyung Kim, Sun Jeong Kim, Da Hyun Song
BACKGROUND: We compared the clinical course of rotator cuff tears between rotator cuff exercise and bone marrow aspirate concentration (BMAC)-platelet rich plasma (PRP) injection to identify the therapeutic effects of BMAC-PRP on partial tear of the rotator cuff tendon. METHODS: Twenty-four patients with partial tear of the rotator cuff tendon participated in this study. Twelve patients underwent extraction of BMACs and PRP and received the injection of BMAC-PRP at the tear site under ultrasound guidance...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298469/effects-of-pelvic-floor-muscle-exercise-on-urinary-incontinence-in-elderly-women-with-cognitive-impairment
#18
Bo Ae Lee, Su Jin Kim, Don Kyoung Choi, Ohseong Kwon, Hae Ri Na, Sung Tae Cho
PURPOSE: Pelvic floor muscle exercise (PFME) is a therapeutic option for urinary incontinence (UI). However, studies of the efficacy of PFME on UI in patients with cognitive impairment (CI) are lacking. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of PFME on UI in elderly women with mild CI. METHODS: A total of 150 women with mild CI or Alzheimer disease and UI were screened using the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (ICIQ-SF). Cognitive function and behavioral symptoms were evaluated by the Mini-Mental State Examination and Barthel's Activities of Daily Living...
December 2017: International Neurourology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29296077/hx575-established-biosimilarity-in-the-treatment-of-renal-anemia-and-10-years-of-clinical-experience
#19
REVIEW
Frank Dellanna, David Goldsmith, Andriy Krendyukov, Andreas Seidl, Nadja Höbel, Christian Combe
Erythropoiesis-stimulating agents, such as recombinant human erythropoietin, are commonly used for the treatment of anemia in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). In 2007, HX575 (Binocrit®) became the first biosimilar epoetin alfa to be approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA). The decision to approve a biosimilar is based on the totality of evidence obtained in a comprehensive comparability exercise that involves extensive analytical characterization, nonclinical studies and clinical studies...
2018: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291584/effects-of-mindfulness-exercises-as-stand-alone-intervention-on-symptoms-of-anxiety-and-depression-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Paul Blanck, Sarah Perleth, Thomas Heidenreich, Paula Kröger, Beate Ditzen, Hinrich Bents, Johannes Mander
Mindfulness-based interventions (MBIs) are currently well established in psychotherapy with meta-analyses demonstrating their efficacy. In these multifaceted interventions, the concrete performance of mindfulness exercises is typically integrated in a larger therapeutic framework. Thus, it is unclear whether stand-alone mindfulness exercises (SAMs) without such a framework are beneficial, as well. Therefore, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis regarding the effects of SAMs on symptoms of anxiety and depression...
December 20, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
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