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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938670/statins-and-the-risk-of-cirrhosis-in-hepatitis-b-or-c-patients-a-systematic-review-and-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#1
Yaqin Wang, Jianping Xiong, Meng Niu, Xiaowei Chen, Long Gao, Qirun Wu, Kechuang Zheng, Ke Xu
Hepatitis B and hepatitis C are leading causes of chronic liver disease, particularly cirrhosis. Recently, several studies have observed that statins have an inverse relationship with cirrhosis in hepatitis B or C patients. However, no published meta-analysis studied the protective effect of statins on cirrhosis. Thus, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of published observational studies to better understand the relationship between statins and the risk of cirrhosis. Relevant studies were identified by searching PubMed, EMBASE, and ISI Web of Science for articles published before April 2017...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938325/the-effect-of-dexpanthenol-vitamin-a-nazalnem-on-silastic-splints-after-nasal-septal-surgery
#2
Güven Yildirim, Tolgar Lütfi Kumral, Cem Altindağ, Erdi Özdemir, Yavuz Uyar
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of dexpanthenol-vitamin A (Nazalnem) ointment applied to the surface of silastic splints with an airway immediately after nasal septal surgery on postoperative complaints and nasal mucosa function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study enrolled 60 patients undergoing nasal septoplasty surgery. Group 1 (n = 30) received silastic splints with ointment containing dexpanthenol-vitamin A (Nazalnem), and Group 2 (n = 30), the control group, received silastic splints with vaseline...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938229/prevalence-and-correlates-of-comorbid-depression-in-a-nonclinical-online-sample-with-dsm-5-internet-gaming-disorder
#3
Hee Ryung Wang, Hyun Cho, Dai-Jin Kim
BACKGROUND: We investigated the prevalence and correlates of comorbid depression among patients with internet gaming disorder using the Internet Gaming Disorder scale (IGD-9) and the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 (PHQ-9) among nonclinical online survey respondents. METHODS: Korean adolescents and adults from 14 to 39 years of age were selected. We compared internet gaming use patterns and sociodemographic and clinical variables between patients with internet gaming disorder who had depression and those without depression...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938151/elucidation-of-shared-and-specific-white-matter-findings-underlying-psychopathology-clusters-in-schizophrenia
#4
Jeanette Lim, Rowena Chin, New Fei Ho, Max Lam, Min Yi Sum, Simon Collinson, Lisa Phillips, Tih-Shih Lee, Balázs Zoltán Gulyás, Juan Zhou, Kang Sim
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia is associated with diverse white matter (WM) brain abnormalities. In this study, we sought to examine the WM microstructural findings which underlie clinical psychopathology clusters in schizophrenia and hypothesized that these symptom clusters are associated with common and unique WM tracts. METHODS: Overall, 76 healthy controls (HC), and 148 patients with schizophrenia (SZ) were recruited and severity of symptomatology in schizophrenia was assessed using the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale...
September 1, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938078/online-lactation-education-for-healthcare-providers-a-theoretical-approach-to-understanding-learning-outcomes
#5
Amanda L Watkins, Joan E Dodgson, Darya Bonds McClain
BACKGROUND: Breastfeeding competencies are not standardized in healthcare education for any of the health professions. A few continuing education/professional development programs have been implemented, but research regarding the efficacy of these programs is scarce. Research aim: After a 45-hour lactation course, (a) Does breastfeeding knowledge increase? (b) Do beliefs and attitudes about infant feeding improve? (c) Does perceived behavioral control over performance of evidence-based lactation support practices increase? and (d) Do intentions to carry out evidence-based lactation support practices increase? METHODS: A nonexperimental pretest-posttest self-report survey design was conducted with a nonprobability sample of participants ( N = 71) in a lactation course...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938048/a-predictive-score-for-hypotension-in-patients-with-confirmed-dengue-fever-in-cayenne-hospital-french-guiana
#6
Félix Djossou, Guillaume Vesin, Narcisse Elenga, Magalie Demar, Loïc Epelboin, Gaëlle Walter, Philippe Abboud, Thierry Le-Guen, Dominique Rousset, Brigitte Moreau, Aba Mahamat, Denis Malvy, Mathieu Nacher
Background: Identifying patients at risk of developing severe dengue is challenging. The objective of the present study was to determine the incidence of hypotension and its predictive factors during the Dengue 2 epidemic in 2013. Methods: In 2013, a longitudinal study was performed using data from all confirmed cases of dengue seen in Cayenne General Hospital. The analysis used Cox proportional modeling to obtain adjusted hazards ratios for hypotension. Results: A total of 806 confirmed patients were included 78 (9...
December 1, 2016: Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937972/a-risk-factor-analysis-of-cognitive-impairment-in-elderly-patients-with-chronic-diseases-in-a-chinese-population
#7
Ye Li, Xiang Fang, Wei-Gang Zhao, Yan Chen, Shi-Lian Hu
BACKGROUND This study analyzed the risk factors of cognitive impairment (CI) in elderly patients with chronic diseases. MATERIAL AND METHODS In total of 385 elderly patients with chronic diseases were selected and assigned into CI and normal groups. The activities of daily living (ADL), global deterioration scale (GDS), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), Montreal Cognitive Assessment Scale (MoCA), patient-generated subjective global assessment (PG-SGA), and mini nutritional assessment (MNA) were performed to analyze the differences between the 2 groups...
September 22, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937959/prenatal-fluoride-exposure-and-cognitive-outcomes-in-children-at-4-and-6-12-years-of-age-in-mexico
#8
Morteza Bashash, Deena Thomas, Howard Hu, E Angeles Martinez-Mier, Brisa N Sanchez, Niladri Basu, Karen E Peterson, Adrienne S Ettinger, Robert Wright, Zhenzhen Zhang, Yun Liu, Lourdes Schnaas, Adriana Mercado-García, Martha María Téllez-Rojo, Mauricio Hernández-Avila
BACKGROUND: Some evidence suggests that fluoride may be neurotoxic to children. Few of the epidemiologic studies have been longitudinal, had individual measures of fluoride exposure, addressed the impact of prenatal exposures or involved more than 100 participants. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to estimate the association of prenatal exposure to fluoride with offspring neurocognitive development. METHODS: We studied participants from the Early Life Exposures in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) project...
September 19, 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937923/psychological-factors-in-chronic-edema-a-case-control-study
#9
Christine J Moffatt, Aimee Aubeeluck, Peter J Franks, Debra C Doherty, Peter Mortimer, Isabelle Quere
BACKGROUND: To examine psychological health and perceived social support in patients with chronic edema (CE). METHODS AND RESULTS: A random sample of 107 patients with CE was group matched for age and gender with 102 community controls. The cases had swelling of the arm (38%) and leg (61%) and midline swelling (14%). Cases were more likely to be single or divorced/separated (p = 0.041) and have reduced mobility (p < 0.001). They had significantly poorer overall health related quality of life (HRQoL), in particular physical functioning (p = 0...
September 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937896/evaluation-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-to-assess-dental-treatment-in-preschool-children-with-early-childhood-caries-a-preliminary-study
#10
Ana Lúcia Vollú, Maria da Encarnação Perez Requejo da Costa, Lucianne Cople Maia, Andréa Fonseca-Gonçalves
PURPOSE: The oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschool children with Early Childhood Caries (ECC) was used to assess the outcome of dental treatment. STUDY DESIGN: Children (3.56±1.31years) affected by ECC were selected. Anamnesis, clinical and radiographic exams were performed. Data about sociodemographic aspects, OHRQoL and dmf-t index were collected. The Brazilian version of Early Childhood Oral health Impact Scale (B-ECOHIS) was applied in two time intervals: before and after 30 days of treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937837/lung-function-functional-capacity-and-respiratory-symptoms-at-discharge-from-hospital-in-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Jenny S Danielsbacka, Monika Fagevik Olsén, Per-Olof Hansson, Kaisa Mannerkorpi
BACKGROUND: Acute pulmonary embolism (PE) is a cardiovascular disease with symptoms including respiratory associated chest pain (RACP) and dyspnea. No previous studies exist focusing on lung function, functional capacity, and respiratory symptoms at discharge after PE. OBJECTIVES: The aim was to examine and describe lung function, functional capacity, and respiratory symptoms at discharge in patients with PE and compare to reference values. PATIENTS/METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients with PE admitted to the Acute Medical Unit, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, were included...
September 22, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937803/hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-a-military-population
#12
Darren D Thomas, Andrew S Bernhardson, Ethan Bernstein, Christopher B Dewing
BACKGROUND: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) can lead to hip pain and early joint degeneration. There have been few reports to date on the outcomes of hip arthroscopy for the treatment of FAI in the military population. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to compare patient demographics with postoperative outcomes after hip arthroscopy for symptomatic FAI and to identify preoperative risk factors for poor outcomes. The hypothesis was that certain preoperative patient characteristics will be predictive of poorer outcomes and that lower outcomes scores will be associated with a higher likelihood of medical separation from the military...
September 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937706/durability-of-therapeutic-response-with-long-term-aripiprazole-lauroxil-treatment-following-successful-resolution-of-an-acute-episode-of-schizophrenia
#13
Joseph P McEvoy, Robert Risinger, Serhiy Mykhnyak, Yangchun Du, Chih-Chin Liu, Arielle D Stanford, Peter J Weiden
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate durability of therapeutic effect of long-term treatment with aripiprazole lauroxil in patients with schizophrenia following successful treatment of an acute psychotic episode. METHODS: This post hoc analysis assessed long-term outcomes for a subgroup of patients who entered a 52-week extension study after being successfully stabilized with one of 2 doses of aripiprazole lauroxil (441 or 882 mg) in a pivotal 12-week, placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937578/trajectories-of-pain-severity-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-results-from-the-research-in-arthritis-in-canadian-children-emphasizing-outcomes-cohort
#14
N J Shiff, S Tupper, K Oen, J Guzman, H Lim, C H Lee, R Bryce, A M Huber, G Boire, P Dancey, B Feldman, R Laxer, P Miettunen, H Schmeling, K Watanabe Duffy, D M Levy, S Turvey, R Bolaria, A Bruns, D A Cabral, S Campillo, G Chedeville, D Ehrmann Feldman, E Haddad, K Houghton, N Johnson, R Jurencak, B Lang, M Larche, K Morishita, S Ramsey, J Roth, R Schneider, R Scuccimarri, L Spiegel, E Stringer, S M Tse, R Yeung, C M Duffy, L B Tucker
We studied children enrolled within 90 days of juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) diagnosis in the Research in Arthritis in Canadian Children Emphasizing Outcomes (ReACCh-Out) prospective inception cohort to identify longitudinal trajectories of pain severity and features that may predict pain trajectory at diagnosis. A total of 1062 participants were followed a median of 24.3 months (IQR = 16.0, 37.1 months). Latent trajectory analysis of pain severity, measured in a 100mm visual analogue scale, identified 5 distinct trajectories: (A) mild-decreasing pain (56...
September 18, 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937546/a-randomized-nonblind-naturalistic-comparison-of-efficacy-and-cognitive-outcomes-with-right-unilateral-bifrontal-and-bitemporal-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-schizophrenia
#15
Aniket Bansod, Sushma S Sonavane, Nilesh B Shah, Avinash A De Sousa, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: There is little literature on the relative efficacy and cognitive safety of right unilateral (RUL), bifrontal (BF), and bitemporal (BT) electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in schizophrenia. METHODS: We present a randomized, nonblind, naturalist comparison of a fixed course of 8 moderately high-dose RUL (n = 24), threshold BF (n = 27), and threshold BT (n = 31) ECT in patients with schizophrenia. Assessments included the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Wechsler Memory Scale-Revised, and an autobiographical memory interview...
September 20, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937545/non-contrast-pseudo-continuous-arterial-spin-labeling-and-accelerated-3-dimensional-radial-acquisition-intracranial-3-dimensional-magnetic-resonance-angiography-for-the-detection-and-classification-of-intracranial-arteriovenous-shunts
#16
Tilman Schubert, Zachary Clark, Carolina Sandoval-Garcia, Ryan Zea, Oliver Wieben, Huimin Wu, Patrick A Turski, Kevin M Johnson
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of pseudo-continuous arterial spin labeling (PCASL) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) with 3-dimensional (3D) radial acquisition for the detection of intracranial arteriovenous (AV) shunts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 32 patients who underwent PCASL-MRA, clinical magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/MRA exam, and digital subtraction angiography (DSA) were included in this retrospective analysis...
September 20, 2017: Investigative Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937500/serum-adiponectin-levels-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-meta-analysis
#17
Ahmed Ali Dini, Peng Wang, Dong-Qing Ye
BACKGROUND: Higher serum adiponectin in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients mitigates the inflammatory response. Previous studies investigated serum adiponectin level in SLE patients compared with control subjects, yielding inconsistent results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the difference between serum adiponectin levels in SLE patients compared with control subjects. METHODS: MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched from inception to August 31, 2016, to identify all observational studies that examined the relationship between serum adiponectin levels and SLE...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937471/serum-adiponectin-levels-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-meta-analysis
#18
Ahmed Ali Dini, Peng Wang, Dong-Qing Ye
BACKGROUND: Higher serum adiponectin in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients mitigates the inflammatory response. Previous studies investigated serum adiponectin level in SLE patients compared with control subjects, yielding inconsistent results. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the difference between serum adiponectin levels in SLE patients compared with control subjects. METHODS: MEDLINE, PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science were searched from inception to August 31, 2016, to identify all observational studies that examined the relationship between serum adiponectin levels and SLE...
October 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937469/outcome-of-a-resident-spine-surgical-skills-training-program
#19
Brian P Calio, Christopher K Kepler, John D Koerner, Jeffrey A Rihn, Paul Millhouse, Kris E Radcliff
STUDY DESIGN: Cadaver training lab. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a technical cadaver skills training lab for spinal surgery increases resident confidence, satisfaction in training, and perception of operating room safety. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Resident training is an important topic in the setting of work hour reform. The use of supplemental materials such as videos, sawbones, and simulators may become important to adequately train orthopedic residents...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937466/compressive-myelopathy-in-congenital-kyphosis-of-the-upper-thoracic-spine-a-retrospective-study-of-6-cases
#20
Zhengfeng Zhang, Honggang Wang, Wenjie Zheng
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this retrospective study was to describe the uncommon presentation of neurological deficits in patients with congenital kyphosis of the upper thoracic spine (T1-T4). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Congenital kyphosis is an uncommon deformity but can potentially lead to spinal cord compression and paraplegia, particularly in type I (failure of formation) deformities. Few reports have described compressive myelopathy associated with congenital kyphosis of the upper thoracic spine...
October 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
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