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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166758/clinical-significance-of-anti-dense-fine-speckled-70-antibody-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#1
Jisoo Jeong, Dong Hyun Kim, Gun Park, Suyeon Park, Hyun-Sook Kim
Background/Aims: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common rheumatologic disease characterized by chronic widespread pain, along with various clinical manifestations including atypical autoimmune characteristics. Despite its high prevalence, there remain no approved laboratory tests to identify specific manifestations of FM, or to rule out FM from other rheumatic diseases. Anti-dense fine speckled 70 (anti-DFS70) antibodies were initially identified as a form of anti-nuclear antibodies in a patient with interstitial cystitis...
November 24, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166460/microsurgical-treatment-of-basilar-tip-aneurysms-is-it-still-acceptable
#2
Felix Hendrik Pahl, Matheus Fernandes de Oliveira, José Marcus Rotta
OBJECTIVE: Basilar tip aneurysms (BTAs) have a complex anatomy, making them difficult to treat. We describe our surgical results for BTAs. METHODS: From 2004 to 2015 (12 years), a total of 25 small BTAs and two giant BTAs were treated in the Hospital do Servidor Público Estadual de São Paulo. RESULTS: In 23 patients harboring aneurysms positioned anteriorly or straight, all aneurysms were clipped (complete exclusion in all on follow-up angiography)...
October 2017: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166381/risk-score-for-the-prediction-of-severe-obesity-in-pediatric-craniopharyngiomas-relative-to-tumor-origin
#3
Danling Li, Jun Pan, Junxiang Peng, Shichao Zhang, Guanglong Huang, Xi'an Zhang, Yun Bao, Songtao Qi
BACKGROUND: We aimed to develop a risk score to improve the prediction of severe obesity in pediatric craniopharyngiomas (PCs). METHODS: 612 consecutive PCs were prospectively enrolled from 6 hospitals. Data from 404 participants were analyzed. Participants from 3 of the 6 hospitals (n=290) were used to develop a risk score. External validation of the developed risk score was conducted using the participants from the other 3 hospitals (n=114). Sequential logistic regression was used to develop and validate the risk score...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166316/the-impact-of-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-on-oxidative-stress-in-subjects-with-medication-resistant-depression
#4
Onur Durmaz, Emre İspir, Hayriye Baykan, Murat Alişik, Özcan Erel
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies have shown that oxidative stress is involved in the neurobiology of depression. We investigated the effects of repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) on a novel oxidative stress marker, thiol-disulfide homeostasis, in subjects with medication-resistant major depression (MRD). METHODS: Twenty-six subjects with MRD underwent 15 rTMS sessions. Sociodemographic and baseline and post-rTMS Montgomery-Asberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) data were collected...
November 21, 2017: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166213/relationship-of-ptsd-with-impulsivity-dimensions-while-controlling-the-effect-of-anxiety-and-depression-in-a-sample-of-inpatients-with-alcohol-use-disorder
#5
Cuneyt Evren, Gokhan Umut, Muge Bozkurt, Bilge Evren
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with impulsivity dimensions while controlling the effect of anxiety and depression in a sample of inpatients with alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHODS: Participants were 190 male patients admitted to a specialized center for substance use disorders within a six month period. Participants were evaluated with the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), the Short Form Barratt Impulsiveness Scale (BIS-11-SF), the Traumatic Experiences Checklist (TEC) and PTSD Checklist Civilian version (PCL-C)...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166196/setia-health-education-set-enhances-knowledge-attitude-and-parenting-self-efficacy-score-in-postpartum-adolescent-mothers
#6
Nina Setiawati, Setyowati, Tri Budiati
The lack of readiness in assuming the role of a mother causes many adolescent mothers to decide not to breastfeed their babies. This study was conducted to assess the effect of the SETIA health education set on adolescent mothers' knowledge, attitude, and parenting self-efficacy score. This quasi-experimental pre-test-post-test with control group study was conducted on 66 adolescent mothers, 33 participants in each group. Data collecting used knowledge and attitude questionnaires and the Parenting Self-Efficacy Scale (PSES)...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166192/maternal-self-efficacy-of-pregnant-indonesian-teens-development-and-validation-of-an-indonesian-version-of-the-young-adult-maternal-confidence-scale-and-measurement-of-its-validity-and-reliability
#7
Desy Ayu Wardani, Imami Nur Rachmawati, Dewi Gayatri
Pregnant teens often feel uncertain in the last trimester about their ability to take care of their baby. At this time, maternal confidence in the ability to care for the baby is an important step in the preparation for becoming a mother. The purpose of this study was to examine the validity and reliability of an Indonesian version of the Young Adult Maternal Confidence Scale (YAMCS) as an instrument to measure maternal self-efficacy of pregnant teens in the last trimester. The study consisted of 90 pregnant teens, age of respondents less than 19 years and living in 1 of 3 sub-districts: Cilember, Sukamanah and Megamendung, Bogor Regency...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166186/medical-device-related-pressure-injuries-to-children-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#8
Eka Widiati, Nani Nurhaeni, Dewi Gayatri
Medical devices that are attached to children put pressure on their skin or mucous membranes, and the devices can lead to injuries. The objective of this study was to determine the effectiveness of injury-prevention guidance about children who need to have medical devices attached to their bodies as part of their treatment. The research used a randomized controlled trial method, along with a cross-over design in 50 respondents with age ranges from 1 day to 18 years. The control group was treated in accordance to hospital routine, while the intervention group was given medical treatment based on Kiss and Heiler's guidelines...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165895/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-turkish-version-of-the-nasal-obstruction-symptom-evaluation-scale
#9
Ozlem Onerci Celebi, Ela Araz Server, Ozgur Yigit, Ecem Sevim Longur
BACKGROUND: The Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) scale is a questionnaire used to assess the quality of life in patients with nasal obstruction. The aim of this study was to validate the Turkish translation of the NOSE questionnaire. METHODS: The NOSE questionnaire was translated into Turkish and then back to English. Fifty patients with septal deviation leading to nasal obstruction and 50 healthy subjects without any nasal complaints and pathologies were recruited into the study...
November 22, 2017: International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165880/hvidoere-smiley-faces-international-diabetes-quality-of-life-assessment-tool-for-young-children
#10
Hilary Hoey, Karin Lange, T C Skinner, Henrik Mortensen, Peter Swift, Henk-Jan Aanstoot, Luis Castaňo, Fergus Cameron, Carine de Beaufort
BACKGROUND: Few diabetes-specific quality of life (QOL) tools are available for young children. OBJECTIVES: To design and evaluate, a new age-specific QOL questionnaire and its associations with treatment regimens and metabolic control. METHODS: Clinical, demographic data and centrally analyzed HbA1c were collected on 1133 children <11 years (girls 48%; mean ± SD age 8.0 ± 2.1 years; diabetes duration ≥1 year) from 18 centers (Europe, Japan, North America and Australia)...
November 22, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165837/pulse-duration-settings-in-subthalamic-stimulation-for-parkinson-s-disease
#11
Frank Steigerwald, Lars Timmermann, Andrea Kühn, Alfons Schnitzler, Martin M Reich, Anna Dalal Kirsch, Michael Thomas Barbe, Veerle Visser-Vandewalle, Julius Hübl, Christoph van Riesen, Stefan Jun Groiss, Alexia-Sabine Moldovan, Sherry Lin, Stephen Carcieri, Ljubomir Manola, Jens Volkmann
BACKGROUND: Stimulation parameters in deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the subthalamic nucleus for Parkinson's disease (PD) are rarely tested in double-blind conditions. Evidence-based recommendations on optimal stimulator settings are needed. Results from the CUSTOM-DBS study are reported, comparing 2 pulse durations. METHODS: A total of 15 patients were programmed using a pulse width of 30 µs (test) or 60 µs (control). Efficacy and side-effect thresholds and unified PD rating scale (UPDRS) III were measured in meds-off (primary outcome)...
November 22, 2017: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165656/limited-midline-myelotomy-for-intractable-visceral-pain-surgical-techniques-and-outcomes
#12
Aditya Vedantam, Dhanalakshmi Koyyalagunta, Brian Mendoza Bruel, Patrick M Dougherty, Ashwin Viswanathan
BACKGROUND: Limited midline myelotomy targets the midline nociceptive pathway for intractable visceral pain. Multiple techniques are available for limited midline myelotomy; however, outcome data for each technique are sparse. OBJECTIVE: To review our experience with open and percutaneous approaches for limited midline myelotomy for intractable visceral pain. METHODS: Patients who underwent limited midline myelotomy for intractable visceral pain were reviewed...
November 18, 2017: Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165559/impact-of-pre-admission-oral-anticoagulation-on-ischaemic-stroke-volume-lesion-pattern-and-frequency-of-intracranial-arterial-occlusion-in-patients-with-atrial-fibrillation
#13
Joanna Dietzel, Sophie K Piper, Rudi Ruschmann, Christian Wollboldt, Tatiana Usnich, Simon Hellwig, Ivana Galinovic, Heinrich J Audebert, Matthias Endres, Kersten Villringer, Jochen B Fiebach, Karl Georg Haeusler
Aims: Therapeutic oral anticoagulation on hospital admission reduces morbidity and mortality after acute ischaemic stroke in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). The underlying mechanism is not fully understood. In order to assess the impact of INR-level on admission on stroke volume, lesion pattern and the frequency of intracranial arterial occlusion, we analysed serial MRI measurements in AF patients suffering acute ischaemic stroke. Methods: and results This subgroup analysis of the prospective '1000Plus' study included patients with acute ischaemic stroke and known AF or a first episode of AF in hospital...
November 20, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165537/frailty-is-not-associated-with-mistreatment
#14
S D Piña-Escudero, J M A García-Lara, J A Avila-Funes
Muscle Frailty has been previously associated with increased vulnerability for adverse health-related outcomes that could lead to social consequences such as mistreatment. The aim of this cross-sectional study is to determine the association between frailty and mistreatment in 852 community-dwelling persons aged 70 or older. Mistreatment was defined as one positive answer in the Geriatric Mistreatment Scale and frailty was used as a continuum where the greater number of positive criteria according to Fried et al...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165532/relationship-of-serum-carnitine-level-with-falls-and-gait-disturbance-in-the-elderly
#15
K Nagai, H Koshiba, S Shibata, A Hirasawa, T Ebihara, K Kozaki
BACKGROUND: Gait disturbance and falls are serious events that can impair activities of daily living (ADL) in the elderly. On the other hand, carnitine plays essential roles in energy production, and carnitine deficiency leads to low activity levels. OBJECTIVES: We examined whether a lower serum carnitine concentration was correlated with falls and gait disturbances in the elderly. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We performed a cross-sectional study...
2017: Journal of Frailty & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165330/prediction-of-mortality-in-patients-with-isolated-traumatic-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-using-a-decision-tree-classifier-a-retrospective-analysis-based-on-a-trauma-registry-system
#16
Cheng-Shyuan Rau, Shao-Chun Wu, Peng-Chen Chien, Pao-Jen Kuo, Yi-Chun Chen, Hsiao-Yun Hsieh, Ching-Hua Hsieh
Background: In contrast to patients with traumatic subarachnoid hemorrhage (tSAH) in the presence of other types of intracranial hemorrhage, the prognosis of patients with isolated tSAH is good. The incidence of mortality in these patients ranges from 0-2.5%. However, few data or predictive models are available for the identification of patients with a high mortality risk. In this study, we aimed to construct a model for mortality prediction using a decision tree (DT) algorithm, along with data obtained from a population-based trauma registry, in a Level 1 trauma center...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165285/hypofractionated-nodal-radiation-therapy-for-breast-cancer-was-not-associated-with-increased-patient-reported-arm-or-brachial-plexopathy-symptoms
#17
Nelson Leong, Pauline T Truong, Keith Tankel, Winkle Kwan, Lorna Weir, Ivo A Olivotto
PURPOSE: To determine whether nodal radiation therapy (RT) for breast cancer using modest hypofractionation (HF) with 2.25 to 2.5 Gy per fraction (fx) was associated with increased patient-reported arm symptoms, compared with conventional fractionation (CF) ≤2 Gy/fx. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Two cancer registries were used to identify subjects who received computed tomography-planned nodal RT for pT1-3, pN0-2, M0 breast cancer, from 2007 to 2010 at 2 cancer institutions...
December 1, 2017: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165165/perceived-effectiveness-rating-scales-applied-to-insomnia-help-seeking-messages-for-middle-aged-japanese-people-a-validity-and-reliability-study
#18
Machi Suka, Takashi Yamauchi, Hiroyuki Yanagisawa
BACKGROUND: Communicating health messages is an important way to influence people's behaviors towards health issues. Providers need to incorporate audience's perspective to design more persuasive messages. This study aimed to develop rating scales for measuring audience's perception of effectiveness of health messages in Japanese people. METHODS: The comprehensibility scale including five items and the persuasiveness scale including seven items were designed based on literature review...
September 29, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165146/association-between-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-severity-and-ego-structure-of-the-nanai-people
#19
Yoko Ota, Natalia Korshunova, Masashi Demura, Midori Katsuyama, Hironobu Katsuyama, Sri Ratna Rahayu, Kiyofumi Saijoh
BACKGROUND: A man-made chemical disaster occurred in the Amur River, leading to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in the Nanai people indigenous to the river's surrounding area. PTSD severity measured by the total scores of Impact of Event Scale-Revised (IES-R) (Total-I) and Clinician-Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) (Total-C) were not always identical in terms of demographic and ethnocultural characters. It is possible that the results derived using the Total-I and Total-C may differ for persons with different backgrounds and/or individual characteristics...
July 10, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164930/relapse-risk-assessment-for-schizophrenia-patients-rasp-a-new-self-report-screening-tool
#20
Dawn Velligan, William Carpenter, Heidi C Waters, Nicole M Gerlanc, Susan N Legacy, Charles Ruetsch
OBJECTIVES: The Relapse Assessment for Schizophrenia Patients (RASP) was developed as a 6- question self-report screener that measures indicators of Increased Anxiety and Social Isolation to assess patient stability and predict imminent relapse. This paper describes the development and psychometric characteristics of the RASP. METHODS: The RASP and Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) were administered to patients with schizophrenia (N=166) 3 separate times...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
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