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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636271/dietary-patterns-are-associated-with-the-prevalence-of-alexithymia
#1
Kirsi Honkalampi, Anu Ruusunen, Heimo Viinamäki, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Minna Valkonen-Korhonen, Soili M Lehto
Recent evidence supports the association between healthy dietary patterns and a reduced risk of depression. The objective was: (1) to examine the associations between dietary patterns and alexithymic features; and (2) investigate whether these possible associations are explained by depressive symptoms in a cross-sectional study among the Finnish general population aged 25-65 years. The study population was a part of the population-based Kuopio Depression Study (KUDEP) conducted in central-eastern Finland (n = 1747)...
June 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636234/association-of-recent-gay-related-stressful-events-and-emotional-distress-with-suicidal-behaviors-over-12%C3%A2-months-in-chinese-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#2
Liya Yu, Yanxia Li, Li Liu, Shuang Li, Jun Na, Xiaoxia An, Yan Zhou, Yuan Gu, Xuejuan Bi, Huijuan Mu, Rui Zhang, Wen Dong, Guowei Pan
INTRODUCTION: The study was designed to assess the association of gay-related stressful events (GRSEs) and emotional distress with suicidal behaviors over a 12-month period in Chinese men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS: A total of 807 MSM were recruited using a respondent-driven sampling method from 4 cities in northeastern China. The GRSEs were measured using the Gay-related Stressful Life Events Scale, depression using the Self-rating Depression Scale, and anxiety using the Self-rating Anxiety Scale...
June 21, 2017: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635980/improving-self-efficacy-and-self-care-in-adult-patients-with-a-urinary-diversion-a-pilot-study
#3
Kyle Merandy, Meredith A Morgan, Richard Lee, Douglas S Scherr
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of a multimodality educational intervention for improving self-efficacy (SE) and self-care in patients with a new urinary diversion (UD).
. DESIGN: Two-arm randomized, controlled trial.
. SETTING: Academic medical center in New York.
. SAMPLE: 8 adults diagnosed with bladder cancer requiring UD.
. METHODS: A multimodality educational intervention consisting of video, Microsoft PowerPoint® slides, and medical illustrations was developed...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635568/additional-value-of-magnetic-resonance-targeted-biopsies-to-standard-transrectal-ultrasound-guided-biopsies-for-detection-of-clinically-significant-prostate-cancer
#4
Catrin von Below, Cecilia Wassberg, Mona Norberg, Anna Tolf, Joel Kullberg, Sam Ladjevardi, Michael Häggman, Anna Bill Axelson, Håkan Ahlström
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the additional value of magnetic resonance imaging-targeted biopsy (MRI-TB) to standard transrectal ultrasound-guided biopsy (SB) for detection of clinically significant prostate cancer (PCa). An additional aim was to compare the biopsy results to MRI evaluation using a Likert scale. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with newly diagnosed localized PCa (n = 53) by clinical routine SB were prospectively included. The majority of the patients were scheduled for curative therapy before enrollment...
February 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635558/identifying-criminogenic-needs-using-the-personality-assessment-inventory-with-males-who-have-sexually-offended
#5
Sandy Jung, Carissa Toop, Liam Ennis
The present study investigated the relationships between the scales of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI) and variables relevant to recidivism risk and criminogenic need to inform clinicians' use of the PAI for purposes of treatment planning and risk management. PAI profiles, risk measure and domain scores, and recidivism data were collected for 158 males who have been convicted of sexually offending. Data were analyzed to investigate whether select clinical scales of the PAI correlated with conceptually relevant domains of risk and/or recidivism...
June 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635540/reduced-serum-vgf-levels-were-reversed-by-antidepressant-treatment-in-depressed-patients
#6
Haitang Jiang, Suzhen Chen, Na Lu, Yingying Yue, Yingying Yin, Yuqun Zhang, Wenhao Jiang, Jinfeng Liang, Yonggui Yuan
OBJECTIVES: VGF, a non-acronymic neuropeptide, is important in the pathogenesis of major depressive disorder (MDD) and in the functioning and efficacy of some antidepressant drugs. In this study we assessed whether serum VGF levels change in MDD patients and if antidepressant treatments can restore these changes. METHODS: We measured serum VGF concentrations using sandwich ELISA in drug-free MDD patients before treatment began (n = 26) and at 8 weeks after antidepressant treatment (n = 26) with escitalopram and duloxetine, two common antidepressants...
September 22, 2016: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635537/prenatal-diagnosis-tests-and-women-s-risk-perception-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Simona Fumagalli, Laura Antolini, Antonella Nespoli, Patrizia Vergani, Enrico Ferrazzi, Sara Oggioni, Anna Locatelli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate women's decision to undergo non-invasive and/or invasive tests for prenatal diagnosis depending on the procedure-related risk and the risk of carrying a foetus with Down syndrome (DS). Both risks are rated in terms of numerical relevance and acceptability. METHOD: A sample of 448 consecutive women with low-risk pregnancies were interviewed to collect social and clinical variables and to determine their perceptions of the risks of invasive procedure-related miscarriage and carrying a foetus with DS...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635535/effect-of-the-previous-reproductive-outcomes-in-subfertile-women-after-in-vitro-fertilization-ivf-and-or-intracytoplasmic-sperm-injection-icsi-treatments-on-perinatal-anxious-and-depressive-symptomatology
#8
Francesca Agostini, Fiorella Monti, Marcella Paterlini, Federica Andrei, Stefano Palomba, Giovanni Battista La Sala
INTRODUCTION: The present study aims to investigate the effects of previous reproductive outcomes on the levels of depression, anxiety and perceived social support in subfertile women who conceived after in vitro fertilization (IVF) and intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) treatment. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was developed. Data were collected on subfertile patients who conceived after IVF/ICSI treatment. All demographic and clinical data were recorded...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635530/the-effect-of-voluntary-termination-of-pregnancy-on-female-sexual-and-emotional-well-being-in-different-age-groups
#9
Erika Limoncin, Angela D'Alfonso, Claudia Corallino, Vincenza Cofini, Giovanna Di Febbo, Giacomo Ciocca, Daniele Mollaioli, Felice Patacchiola, Emmanuele A Jannini, Gaspare Carta
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the impact of voluntary termination of pregnancy (VTOP) on the psycho-sexological well-being of females before/six months after the abortion. METHODS: A sample of 194 women was recruited from three obstetrics and gynaecological divisions. The women were evaluated for the variables "sexual functioning" with the Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), "depression" with the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II), and "anxiety state" with the Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) at time 0 (the beginning of the abortion procedure) and time 1 (six months after the abortion)...
February 15, 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635375/therapeutic-effect-of-increased-openness-investigating-mechanism-of-action-in-mdma-assisted-psychotherapy
#10
Mark T Wagner, Michael C Mithoefer, Ann T Mithoefer, Rebecca K MacAulay, Lisa Jerome, Berra Yazar-Klosinski, Rick Doblin
A growing body of research suggests that traumatic events lead to persisting personality change characterized by increased neuroticism. Relevantly, enduring improvements in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms have been found in response to 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy. There is evidence that lasting changes in the personality feature of "openness" occur in response to hallucinogens, and that this may potentially act as a therapeutic mechanism of change. The present study investigated whether heightened Openness and decreased Neuroticism served as a mechanism of change within a randomized trial of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy for chronic, treatment-resistant PTSD...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635359/thoracic-paravertebral-block-versus-intravenous-patient-controlled-analgesia-for-pain-treatment-in-patients-with-multiple-rib-fractures
#11
Ge Yeying, Yuan Liyong, Chen Yuebo, Zhang Yu, Ye Guangao, Ma Weihu, Zhao Liujun
Objectives To assess the effect of thoracic paravertebral block (PVB) on pain management and preservation of pulmonary function compared with intravenous, patient-controlled analgesia (IVPCA) in patients with multiple rib fractures (MRFs). Methods Ninety patients with unilateral MRFs were included in this prospective study and randomly assigned to the TPVB or IVPCA group. The visual analogue scale (VAS) pain score, blood gas analysis, and bedside spirometry were measured and recorded at different time points after analgesia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634676/evaluation-of-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-eortc-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-questionnaire-qlq-cipn20
#12
Jacobien M Kieffer, Tjeerd J Postma, Lonneke van de Poll-Franse, Floortje Mols, Jan J Heimans, Guido Cavaletti, Neil K Aaronson
PURPOSE: To investigate the scale structure and psychometrics of the EORTC chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy module (QLQ-CIPN20). METHODS: Using confirmatory factor analyses (CFA), we tested two hypothesized scale structure models of the QLQ-CIPN20 in 473 patients with non-small cell lung cancer, 281 patients with heterogeneous cancer diagnoses, and 500 patients with colorectal cancer. We also modeled the two hypothesized models as bi-factor models. These included a general factor, in addition to the specific domain factors...
June 20, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634656/patient-reported-eortc-qlq-cipn20-versus-physician-reported-ctcae-quantification-of-oxaliplatin-and-paclitaxel-carboplatin-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-in-ncctg-alliance-clinical-trials
#13
Jennifer Le-Rademacher, Rahul Kanwar, Drew Seisler, Deirdre R Pachman, Rui Qin, Alexej Abyzov, Kathryn J Ruddy, Michaela S Banck, Ellen M Lavoie Smith, Susan G Dorsey, Neil K Aaronson, Jeff Sloan, Charles L Loprinzi, Andreas S Beutler
PURPOSE: Clinical practice guidelines on chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) use the NCI Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), while recent clinical trials employ a potentially superior measure, the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire-CIPN twenty-item scale (QLQ-CIPN20), a patient-reported outcome (PRO). Practitioners and researchers lack guidance, regarding how QLQ-CIPN20 results relate to the traditional CTCAE during the serial assessment of patients undergoing chemotherapy...
June 20, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634644/minimal-clinically-important-differences-mcid-in-assessing-outcomes-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#14
Elina A Stefanovics, Robert A Rosenheck, Karen M Jones, Grant Huang, John H Krystal
This study sought to determine the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for two frequently used measures of symptom severity in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: the Clinician Administered PTSD Scale (CAPS) and the PTSD Symptom Checklist (PCL). Data from a randomized clinical trial of antipsychotic medication in military-related treatment-resistant PTSD (N= 267) included assessments 4 times over 26 weeks. Methods for estimating the MCID were based on both the anchor-based approach, using the Clinical Global Impressions (CGI) severity and improvement scales, rated by both clinicians and patients; and the distribution-based approach (based on standardized z-scores)...
June 21, 2017: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634561/custom-made-alumina-ceramic-total-talar-prosthesis-for-idiopathic-aseptic-necrosis-of-the-talus-report-of-two-cases
#15
Ichiro Tonogai, Daisuke Hamada, Yuhei Yamasaki, Keizo Wada, Tomoya Takasago, Takahiko Tsutsui, Tomohiro Goto, Koichi Sairyo
Two women aged 65 years and 78 years presented to our center with idiopathic necrosis of the talus. In both cases, imaging examinations showed collapse and sclerotic changes of the talar body caused by the necrosis. Both women underwent resection and placement of a third-generation custom-made alumina ceramic total talar prosthesis. Immobilization of the ankle in a short-leg cast for 3 weeks was followed by early rehabilitation. One year and 6 months after surgery, both women were able to walk without pain...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634540/improvement-of-walking-ability-during-postoperative-rehabilitation-with-the-hybrid-assistive-limb-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-randomized-controlled-study
#16
Yohei Tanaka, Hiroyuki Oka, Shuichi Nakayama, Takaaki Ueno, Ko Matsudaira, Toshiki Miura, Kiyokazu Tanaka, Sakae Tanaka
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to compare the efficacies of rehabilitation with the hybrid assistive limb and conventional rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 37 consecutive patients who underwent primary total knee arthroplasty for knee osteoarthritis were enrolled. Seven patients withdrew from the study after randomization, and 30 patients (hybrid assistive limb group: n = 16; conventional group: n = 14) completed the randomized controlled trial...
2017: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634513/correlation-of-lumbar-lateral-recess-stenosis-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-clinical-symptoms
#17
Annina Splettstößer, M Fawad Khan, Bernd Zimmermann, Thomas J Vogl, Hanns Ackermann, Marcus Middendorp, Adel Maataoui
AIM: To assess the correlation of lateral recess stenosis (LRS) of lumbar segments L4/5 and L5/S1 and the Oswestry Disability Index (ODI). METHODS: Nine hundred and twenty-seven patients with history of low back pain were included in this uncontrolled study. On magnetic resonance images (MRI) the lateral recesses (LR) at lumbar levels L4/5 and L5/S1 were evaluated and each nerve root was classified into a 4-point grading scale (Grade 0-3) as normal, not deviated, deviated or compressed...
May 28, 2017: World Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634467/brain-network-activation-technology-does-not-assist-with-concussion-diagnosis-and-return-to-play-in-football-athletes
#18
Steven P Broglio, Richelle Williams, Andrew Lapointe, Ashley Rettmann, Brandon Moore, Sean K Meehan, James T Eckner
BACKGROUND: Concussion diagnosis and management remains a largely subjective process. This investigation sought to evaluate the utility of a novel neuroelectric measure for concussion diagnosis and return to play decision-making. HYPOTHESIS: Brain Network Activation (BNA) scores obtained within 72-h of injury will be lower than the athlete's preseason evaluation and that of a matched control athlete; and the BNA will demonstrate ongoing declines at the return to play and post-season time points, while standard measures will have returned to pre-injury and control athlete levels...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634449/electromyography-data-processing-impacts-muscle-synergies-during-gait-for-unimpaired-children-and-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#19
Benjamin R Shuman, Michael H Schwartz, Katherine M Steele
Muscle synergies calculated from electromyography (EMG) data identify weighted groups of muscles activated together during functional tasks. Research has shown that fewer synergies are required to describe EMG data of individuals with neurologic impairments. When considering potential clinical applications of synergies, understanding how EMG data processing impacts results and clinical interpretation is important. The aim of this study was to evaluate how EMG signal processing impacts synergy outputs during gait...
2017: Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634383/discrepancy-between-objective-and-subjective-cognition-in-adults-with-major-depressive-disorder
#20
Manit Srisurapanont, Sirijit Suttajit, Kanokkwan Eurviriyanukul, Prirada Varnado
This study aimed to determine: i) the correlation between objective and subjective cognition, ii) the correlates of objective and subjective cognition and iii) the predictors of discrepancy between objective and subjective cognition. Participants were non-elderly patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). We assessed subjective cognition using the Perceived Deficit Questionnaire for Depression (PDQ-D) and objective cognition using Face I and Face II tests of the Wechsler Memory Scale, 3rd edition and Digit Span and Matrix Reasoning tests of the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Adults, 3rd edition...
June 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
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