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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293898/the-negative-impact-of-an-uncertain-residence-status-analysis-of-migration-related-stressors-in-outpatients-with-turkish-migration-background-and-psychiatric-disorders-in-germany-over-a-10-year-period-2005-2014
#1
Matthias J Müller, Sabrina Zink, Eckhardt Koch
Several studies indicate that immigration is associated with a higher risk for mental disorders, particularly in refugees and asylum seekers. We investigated migration-related distress in outpatients with Turkish migration background and a psychiatric disorder. Asylum applicants (ASA) and migrants with a permanent residency status (PRS) from a specialized German psychiatric outpatient service were compared with respect to clinical variables and stressors related to migration and acculturation. Of n = 620 migrant outpatients (main diagnosis: 3...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292666/hierarchical-organization-in-the-temporal-structure-of-infant-direct-speech-and-song
#2
Simone Falk, Christopher T Kello
Caregivers alter the temporal structure of their utterances when talking and singing to infants compared with adult communication. The present study tested whether temporal variability in infant-directed registers serves to emphasize the hierarchical temporal structure of speech. Fifteen German-speaking mothers sang a play song and told a story to their 6-months-old infants, or to an adult. Recordings were analyzed using a recently developed method that determines the degree of nested clustering of temporal events in speech...
March 11, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290103/cross-linguistic-differences-in-the-use-of-durational-cues-for-the-segmentation-of-a-novel-language
#3
Mikhail Ordin, Leona Polyanskaya, Itziar Laka, Marina Nespor
It is widely accepted that duration can be exploited as phonological phrase final lengthening in the segmentation of a novel language, i.e., in extracting discrete constituents from continuous speech. The use of final lengthening for segmentation and its facilitatory effect has been claimed to be universal. However, lengthening in the world languages can also mark lexically stressed syllables. Stress-induced lengthening can potentially be in conflict with right edge phonological phrase boundary lengthening...
March 13, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283866/evaluating-the-evidence-is-neurolysis-or-neurectomy-a-better-treatment-for-meralgia-paresthetica
#4
REVIEW
Russell Payne, Scott Seaman, Emily Sieg, Sara Langan, Kimberly Harbaugh, Elias Rizk
BACKGROUND: Meralgia paresthetica is a mononeuropathy of the lateral femoral cutaneous nerve (LCFN). Surgical treatment involves transection or decompression of the LCFN. There is no clear consensus on the superiority of one technique over the other. We performed a systematic review of the literature to answer this question. METHODS: Eligible studies included those that compared neurolysis versus neurectomy for the treatment of meralgia paresthetica after failure of conservative therapy...
March 10, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277023/oral-health-and-access-to-dental-care-a-comparison-of-elderly-migrants-and-non-migrants-in-germany
#5
Ghazal Aarabi, Daniel R Reissmann, Udo Seedorf, Heiko Becher, Guido Heydecke, Christopher Kofahl
OBJECTIVES: To compare oral health, access barriers to dental care, oral health behavior and oral hygiene behavior of elderly German residents with and without immigration background. DESIGN: In this cross-sectional explorative study, a convenience sample (N = 112, age ≥ 60 years, 54% immigrants) was recruited in four dental practices in Hamburg, Germany. Oral health was assessed with Decayed/Missing/Filled Teeth (DMFT), Papillary Bleeding Index (PBI), and Approximal Plaque Index (API)...
February 23, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267801/t-complex-measures-in-bilingual-spanish-english-and-turkish-german-children-and-monolingual-peers
#6
Tanja Rinker, Valerie L Shafer, Markus Kiefer, Nancy Vidal, Yan H Yu
BACKGROUND: Lateral temporal neural measures (Na and T-complex Ta and Tb) of the auditory evoked potential (AEP) index maturation of auditory/speech processing. These measures are also sensitive to language experience in adults. This paper examined neural responses to a vowel sound at temporal electrodes in four- to five-year-old Spanish-English bilinguals and English monolinguals and in five- to six-year-old Turkish-German bilinguals and German monolinguals. The goal was to determine whether obligatory AEPs at temporal electrode sites were modulated by language experience...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266129/household-income-and-risk-of-poverty-of-parents-of-long-term-childhood-cancer-survivors
#7
Luzius Mader, Katharina Roser, Julia Baenziger, Eva Maria Tinner, Katrin Scheinemann, Claudia Elisabeth Kuehni, Gisela Michel
BACKGROUND: Taking care of children diagnosed with cancer affects parents' professional life and may place the family at risk-of-poverty. We aimed to (i) compare the household income and risk-of-poverty of parents of childhood cancer survivors (CCS) to parents of the general population, and (ii) identify sociodemographic and cancer-related factors associated with risk-of-poverty. METHODS: As part of the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study, we sent a questionnaire to parents of CCS aged 5-15 years, who survived ≥5 years after diagnosis...
March 6, 2017: Pediatric Blood & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265646/a-cross-language-study-of-laryngeal-oral-coordination-across-varying-prosodic-and-syllable-structure-conditions
#8
Philip Hoole, Lasse Bombien
Purpose: The purpose of this study is to use prosodic and syllable-structure variation to probe the underlying representation of laryngeal kinematics in languages traditionally considered to differ in voicing typology (German vs. Dutch and French). Method: Transillumination and videofiberendoscopic filming were used to investigate the devoicing gesture in German, Dutch, and French for material that compared, first, a strong versus weak prosodic condition and, second, singletons versus clusters (stop + /r/ and /l/)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263636/articulatory-information-helps-encode-lexical-contrasts-in-a-second-language
#9
Miquel Llompart, Eva Reinisch
The present study examined whether obtaining additional articulatory information about the sounds of a difficult second-language contrast (English /ε/-/æ/ for German speakers) could help nonnative listeners to encode a lexical distinction between novel words containing these two categories. Novel words (e.g., tenzer-tandek) were trained with different types of input and their recognition was tested in a visual-world eye-tracking task. In Experiment 1, a baseline group was exposed to the words audio-only during training, whereas another group additionally saw videos of the speaker articulating the target words...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258048/effectiveness-of-a-16-week-multimodal-exercise-program-on-individuals-with-dementia-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Sandra Trautwein, Andrea Scharpf, Bettina Barisch-Fritz, Christina Niermann, Alexander Woll
BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of dementia in the next decades is accompanied by various societal and economic problems. Previous studies have suggested that physical activity positively affects motor and cognitive skills in individuals with dementia (IWD). However, there is insufficient evidence probably related to several methodological limitations. Moreover, to date adequate physical activity interventions specifically developed for IWD are lacking. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to investigate the effectiveness of a multimodal exercise program (MEP) on motor and cognitive skills in IWD in a high-quality multicenter trial...
March 3, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28257876/are-semantic-and-phonological-fluency-based-on-the-same-or-distinct-sets-of-cognitive-processes-insights-from-factor-analyses-in-healthy-adults-and-stroke-patients
#11
Charlotte S M Schmidt, Lena V Schumacher, Pia Römer, Rainer Leonhart, Lena Beume, Markus Martin, Andrea Dressing, Cornelius Weiller, Christoph P Kaller
Verbal fluency for semantic categories and phonological letters is frequently applied to studies of language and executive functions. Despite its popularity, it is still debated whether measures of semantic and phonological fluency reflect the same or distinct sets of cognitive processes. Word generation in the two task variants is believed to involve different types of search processes. Findings from the lesion and neuroimaging literature further suggest a stronger reliance of phonological and semantic fluency on frontal and temporal brain areas, respectively...
February 28, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256356/intensive-speech-and-language-therapy-in-patients-with-chronic-aphasia-after-stroke-a-randomised-open-label-blinded-endpoint-controlled-trial-in-a-health-care-setting
#12
Caterina Breitenstein, Tanja Grewe, Agnes Flöel, Wolfram Ziegler, Luise Springer, Peter Martus, Walter Huber, Klaus Willmes, E Bernd Ringelstein, Karl Georg Haeusler, Stefanie Abel, Ralf Glindemann, Frank Domahs, Frank Regenbrecht, Klaus-Jürgen Schlenck, Marion Thomas, Hellmuth Obrig, Ernst de Langen, Roman Rocker, Franziska Wigbers, Christina Rühmkorf, Indra Hempen, Jonathan List, Annette Baumgaertner
BACKGROUND: Treatment guidelines for aphasia recommend intensive speech and language therapy for chronic (≥6 months) aphasia after stroke, but large-scale, class 1 randomised controlled trials on treatment effectiveness are scarce. We aimed to examine whether 3 weeks of intensive speech and language therapy under routine clinical conditions improved verbal communication in daily-life situations in people with chronic aphasia after stroke. METHODS: In this multicentre, parallel group, superiority, open-label, blinded-endpoint, randomised controlled trial, patients aged 70 years or younger with aphasia after stroke lasting for 6 months or more were recruited from 19 inpatient or outpatient rehabilitation centres in Germany...
March 1, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247338/development-and-psychometric-evaluation-of-the-metabqol-1-0-a-quality-of-life-questionnaire-for-paediatric-patients-with-intoxication-type-inborn-errors-of-metabolism
#13
Nina A Zeltner, Matthias R Baumgartner, Aljona Bondarenko, Regina Ensenauer, Daniela Karall, Stefan Kölker, Chris Mühlhausen, Sabine Scholl-Bürgi, Eva Thimm, Julia Quitmann, Peter Burgard, Markus A Landolt, Martina Huemer
INTRODUCTION: This study is part of the "European network and registry for intoxication type metabolic diseases" (E-IMD) project. Intoxication-type inborn errors of metabolism (IT-IEM) such as urea cycle disorders (UCD) and organic acidurias (OA) have a major impact on patients' lives. Patients have to adhere to strict diet and medication and may suffer from metabolic crises and neurocognitive impairment. Disease-specific health-related quality of life (HrQoL) assessment questionnaires are the method of choice to estimate the subjective burden of a disease...
March 1, 2017: JIMD Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28241283/the-german-focus-on-the-outcomes-of-communication-under-six-focus-g-reliability-and-validity-of-a-novel-assessment-of-communicative-participation
#14
Sandra Neumann, Sandra Salm, Christian Rietz, Prisca Stenneken
Purpose: Our purpose was to explore the validity and reliability of the German Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (FOCUS-G; Thomas-Stonell, Oddson, Robertson, & Rosenbaum, 2010, 2012), which is an authorized adaptation of the Focus on the Outcomes of Communication Under Six (Thomas-Stonell et al., 2010) tool, which measures communicative participation in preschool children. Method: Parents of typically developing children (TDC) and of children with speech impairment (CSI) completed the FOCUS-G and the Questionnaire for Measuring Health-Related Quality of Life in Children (KiddyKINDL; Ravens-Sieberer & Bullinger, 2000)...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236010/the-comprehensive-icf-core-set-for-head-and-neck-cancer-a-delphi-consensus-survey-among-german-speaking-speech-and-language-therapists
#15
Matthias Engelbarts, Vanessa Schuster, Ulrich Kisser, Carla Sabariego, Marita Stier-Jarmer, Michaela Coenen, Benjamin Philipp Ernst, Sebastian Strieth, Ulrich Harréus, Sven Becker
The "Comprehensive ICF Core Set for Head and Neck Cancer" (ICF-HNC) is an application of the "International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health" (ICF), representing the characteristic spectrum of issues in patients with head and neck cancer (HNC). Our primary aim was to evaluate which categories of the ICF-HNC are dealt with by speech and language therapists (SLTs) in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland. The secondary aim was to identify outcome measures used by SLTs to measure the categories of the ICF-HNC in clinical practice...
February 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229040/predicting-primary-progressive-aphasias-with-support-vector-machine-approaches-in-structural-mri-data
#16
Sandrine Bisenius, Karsten Mueller, Janine Diehl-Schmid, Klaus Fassbender, Timo Grimmer, Frank Jessen, Jan Kassubek, Johannes Kornhuber, Bernhard Landwehrmeyer, Albert Ludolph, Anja Schneider, Sarah Anderl-Straub, Katharina Stuke, Adrian Danek, Markus Otto, Matthias L Schroeter
Primary progressive aphasia (PPA) encompasses the three subtypes nonfluent/agrammatic variant PPA, semantic variant PPA, and the logopenic variant PPA, which are characterized by distinct patterns of language difficulties and regional brain atrophy. To validate the potential of structural magnetic resonance imaging data for early individual diagnosis, we used support vector machine classification on grey matter density maps obtained by voxel-based morphometry analysis to discriminate PPA subtypes (44 patients: 16 nonfluent/agrammatic variant PPA, 17 semantic variant PPA, 11 logopenic variant PPA) from 20 healthy controls (matched for sample size, age, and gender) in the cohort of the multi-center study of the German consortium for frontotemporal lobar degeneration...
2017: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223947/grasping-the-agent-s-perspective-a-kinematics-investigation-of-linguistic-perspective-in-italian-and-german
#17
Claudia Gianelli, Michele Marzocchi, Anna M Borghi
Every day, we primarily experience actions as agents, by having a concrete perspective on our actions, their means and goals. This peculiar perspective is what allows us to successfully plan and execute our actions in a dense social environment. Nevertheless, in this environment actions are also perceived from an observer's perspective. Adopting such a perspective helps us to understand and respond to other's people actions and their outcomes. Importantly, similar experiences of being agent and observer occur also when actions are not physically acted/perceived but are merely linguistically shared...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222790/the-bear-in-eurasian-plant-names-motivations-and-models
#18
REVIEW
Valeria Kolosova, Ingvar Svanberg, Raivo Kalle, Lisa Strecker, Ayşe Mine Gençler Özkan, Andrea Pieroni, Kevin Cianfaglione, Zsolt Molnár, Nora Papp, Łukasz Łuczaj, Dessislava Dimitrova, Daiva Šeškauskaitė, Jonathan Roper, Avni Hajdari, Renata Sõukand
Ethnolinguistic studies are important for understanding an ethnic group's ideas on the world, expressed in its language. Comparing corresponding aspects of such knowledge might help clarify problems of origin for certain concepts and words, e.g. whether they form common heritage, have an independent origin, are borrowings, or calques. The current study was conducted on the material in Slavonic, Baltic, Germanic, Romance, Finno-Ugrian, Turkic and Albanian languages. The bear was chosen as being a large, dangerous animal, important in traditional culture, whose name is widely reflected in folk plant names...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217433/visual-analogue-scales-vas-measuring-instruments-for-the-documentation-of-symptoms-and-therapy-monitoring-in-cases-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-everyday-health-care-position-paper-of-the-german-society-of-allergology-aeda-and-the-german-society-of-allergy-and-clinical
#19
Ludger Klimek, Karl-Christian Bergmann, Tilo Biedermann, Jean Bousquet, Peter Hellings, Kirsten Jung, Hans Merk, Heidi Olze, Wolfgang Schlenter, Philippe Stock, Johannes Ring, Martin Wagenmann, Wolfgang Wehrmann, Ralph Mösges, Oliver Pfaar
BACKROUND: Visual analogue scales (VAS) are psychometric measuring instruments designed to document the characteristics of disease-related symptom severity in individual patients and use this to achieve a rapid (statistically measurable and reproducible) classification of symptom severity and disease control. VAS can also be used in routine patient history taking and to monitor the course of a chronic disease such as allergic rhinitis (AR). More specifically, the VAS has been used to assess effectiveness of AR therapy in real life, both in intermittent and persistent disease...
2017: Allergo Journal International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215624/cross-cultural-consistency-and-diversity-in-intrinsic-functional-organization-of-broca-s-region
#20
Yu Zhang, Lingzhong Fan, Svenja Caspers, Stefan Heim, Ming Song, Cirong Liu, Yin Mo, Simon B Eickhoff, Katrin Amunts, Tianzi Jiang
As a core language area, Broca's region was consistently activated in a variety of language studies even across different language systems. Moreover, a high degree of structural and functional heterogeneity in Broca's region has been reported in many studies. This raised the issue of how the intrinsic organization of Broca's region effects by different language experiences in light of its subdivisions. To address this question, we used multi-center resting-state fMRI data to explore the cross-cultural consistency and diversity of Broca's region in terms of its subdivisions, connectivity patterns and modularity organization in Chinese and German speakers...
February 16, 2017: NeuroImage
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