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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341789/psychometric-properties-of-the-epworth-sleepiness-scale-a-factor-analysis-and-item-response-theory-approach
#1
June J Pilcher, Fred S Switzer, Alec Munc, Janet Donnelly, Julia C Jellen, Claus Lamm
The purpose of this study is to examine the psychometric properties of the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) in two languages, German and English. Students from a university in Austria (N = 292; 55 males; mean age = 18.71 ± 1.71 years; 237 females; mean age = 18.24 ± 0.88 years) and a university in the US (N = 329; 128 males; mean age = 18.71 ± 0.88 years; 201 females; mean age = 21.59 ± 2.27 years) completed the ESS. An exploratory-factor analysis was completed to examine dimensionality of the ESS...
January 17, 2018: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332504/changes-in-distress-measured-by-the-distress-thermometer-as-reported-by-patients-in-home-palliative-care-in-germany
#2
Stefanie Ohnhäuser, Johannes Wüller, Ann Christina Foldenauer, Tania Pastrana
AIM: To identify changes in distress as reported by patients in a home palliative care program over a 2-week period. METHODS: Prospective study in West Germany with consecutive patients cared for at home by a palliative care specialty team. Exclusion criteria were patients under 18 years of age, mentally or physically not able to complete the assessment questionnaires, or unable to comprehend German language. Distress was measured using the distress thermometer (DT); sociodemographic and medical data were collected from the patients' records...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325914/micro-cultural-customization-of-organ-donation-propagation-messages
#3
Anke Dunkel, Kent Nakamoto, Peter J Schulz
OBJECTIVE: Organ transplantation is plagued by limited availability of organs. This study investigated the effect of messages promoting organ donation which were customized according to the language-defined micro-cultures in Switzerland. METHODS: Community-, informative-, and emotional-oriented messages were carried by conventional flyers. A 3 × 3 between-subjects experiment was conducted with short- and long-term willingness to donate, long-term signing of organ donation card and long-term interpersonal communication on organ donation as outcome variables...
December 29, 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315189/self-evaluated-quality-of-life-and-functional-outcomes-after-microsurgery-stereotactic-radiation-or-observation-only-for-vestibular-schwannoma-of-the-adult-patient-a-systematic-review
#4
Efstathios Papatsoutsos, Patrick M Spielmann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of different management options on health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in vestibular schwannoma patients. DATA SOURCES: A systematic search of the Cochrane Database, Database of Abstracts of Reviews of Effectiveness, and the Ovid Medline & EMBASE was performed. English and German language studies published between 1980 and 2015 were considered. STUDY SELECTION: This is a systematic review of HRQoL of patients managed for vestibular schwannoma...
February 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297978/a-time-window-of-3%C3%A2-s-in-the-aesthetic-appreciation-of-poems
#5
Chen Zhao, Dongxue Zhang, Yan Bao
We studied the effect of time windows of a few seconds on the aesthetic appreciation of poems. Both Chinese and German subjects rated traditional Chinese poetic verses more beautiful in a time window of approximately 3 s, irrespective of understanding the poetic content. This observation suggests a common temporal preference for poetry appreciation across a different language background.
January 3, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288133/is-there-a-cut-off-for-high-quality-guidelines-a-systematic-analysis-of-current-guideline-appraisals-using-the-agree-ii-instrument
#6
Wiebke Hoffmann-Eßer, Ulrich Siering, Edmund A M Neugebauer, Ulrike Lampert, Michaela Eikermann
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether AGREE II users apply a cut-off based on standardized domain scores or overall guideline quality in order to distinguish between high- and low-quality guidelines, as well as to investigate which criteria they use to generate this cut-off and which type of cut-off they apply. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: We conducted a systematic search in MEDLINE, EMBASE, DARE, and the HTA-Database for German- and English-language studies appraising guidelines with AGREE II...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273836/return-to-sports-after-reverse-shoulder-arthroplasty-the-swiss-perspective
#7
Christoph Kolling, Mirela Borovac, Laurent Audigé, Andreas M Mueller, Hans-Kaspar Schwyzer
PURPOSE: This patient survey evaluated the return to previous sports activities in Swiss patients up to five years after reverse shoulder arthroplasty (RSA). METHODS: We screened our local shoulder arthroplasty registry for patients registered with a unilateral RSA due to rotator cuff deficiency between May 2010 and May 2015. Revision cases and patients already known as unwilling or unable to complete a German language questionnaire were excluded. Eligible patients received a paper questionnaire asking about their past and current sports activities, return time point and level of activity...
December 22, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250017/-when-music-speaks-auditory-cortex-morphology-as-a-neuroanatomical-marker-of-language-aptitude-and-musicality
#8
Sabrina Turker, Susanne M Reiterer, Annemarie Seither-Preisler, Peter Schneider
Recent research has shown that the morphology of certain brain regions may indeed correlate with a number of cognitive skills such as musicality or language ability. The main aim of the present study was to explore the extent to which foreign language aptitude, in particular phonetic coding ability, is influenced by the morphology of Heschl's gyrus (HG; auditory cortex), working memory capacity, and musical ability. In this study, the auditory cortices of German-speaking individuals (N = 30; 13 males/17 females; aged 20-40 years) with high and low scores in a number of language aptitude tests were compared...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245168/-school-entrance-examination-for-lateral-entrants-what-can-and-what-should-they-be-able-to-do-a-discussion-contribution-based-on-the-data-from-the-health-authority-frankfurt-am-main-2006-2016
#9
Maria Karathana, Bernhard Krackhardt, Manuela Schade, Ursel Heudorf
Question The medical investigation of school beginners is one of the essential tasks of the child and youth services of the health authorities. While in all federal states in Germany, the examination of all school beginners is legally clearly stipulated, the situation for "lateral entry", that is, children of school age, who are moving from a foreign country to a local German community and attending school there, is not clearly regulated in the respective school laws. This article presents the experiences of the lateral entry investigations in Frankfurt am Main...
December 15, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243572/development-dissemination-and-applications-of-a-new-terminological-resource-the-q-code-taxonomy-for-professional-aspects-of-general-practice-family-medicine
#10
Marc Jamoulle, Melissa Resnick, Julien Grosjean, Ashwin Ittoo, Elena Cardillo, Robert Vander Stichele, Stefan Darmoni, Marc Vanmeerbeek
BACKGROUND: While documentation of clinical aspects of General Practice/Family Medicine (GP/FM) is assured by the International Classification of Primary Care (ICPC), there is no taxonomy for the professional aspects (context and management) of GP/FM. OBJECTIVES: To present the development, dissemination, applications, and resulting face validity of the Q-Codes taxonomy specifically designed to describe contextual features of GP/FM, proposed as an extension to the ICPC...
December 15, 2017: European Journal of General Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238318/auditory-perceptual-abilities-are-associated-with-specific-auditory-experience
#11
Yael Zaltz, Eitan Globerson, Noam Amir
The extent to which auditory experience can shape general auditory perceptual abilities is still under constant debate. Some studies show that specific auditory expertise may have a general effect on auditory perceptual abilities, while others show a more limited influence, exhibited only in a relatively narrow range associated with the area of expertise. The current study addresses this issue by examining experience-dependent enhancement in perceptual abilities in the auditory domain. Three experiments were performed...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234480/which-benefits-are-mentioned-most-often-in-drug-development-publications
#12
Vanessa Strüver
Objectives: The aim was to identify theoretically expected as well as actually reported benefits from drug development and the importance of individual patient benefits compared to the collective benefits to society in general. Background: Ethical guidelines require that clinical research involving humans offer the potential for benefit. A number of characteristics can be applied to define research benefit. Often benefit is categorized as being either direct or indirect...
2017: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225585/complement-coercion-the-joint-effects-of-type-and-typicality
#13
Alessandra Zarcone, Ken McRae, Alessandro Lenci, Sebastian Padó
Complement coercion (begin a book →reading) involves a type clash between an event-selecting verb and an entity-denoting object, triggering a covert event (reading). Two main factors involved in complement coercion have been investigated: the semantic type of the object (event vs. entity), and the typicality of the covert event (the author began a book →writing). In previous research, reading times have been measured at the object. However, the influence of the typicality of the subject-object combination on processing an aspectual verb such as begin has not been studied...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218788/alternative-solutions-to-a-language-design-problem-the-role-of-adjectives-and-gender-marking-in-efficient-communication
#14
Melody Dye, Petar Milin, Richard Futrell, Michael Ramscar
A central goal of typological research is to characterize linguistic features in terms of both their functional role and their fit to social and cognitive systems. One long-standing puzzle concerns why certain languages employ grammatical gender. In an information theoretic analysis of German noun classification, Dye, Milin, Futrell, and Ramscar (2017) enumerated a number of important processing advantages gender confers. Yet this raises a further puzzle: If gender systems are so beneficial to processing, what does this mean for languages that make do without them? Here, we compare the communicative function of gender marking in German (a deterministic system) to that of prenominal adjectives in English (a probabilistic one), finding that despite their differences, both systems act to efficiently smooth information over discourse, making nouns more equally predictable in context...
December 8, 2017: Topics in Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216457/a-sing-song-way-of-vocalizing-generalization-and-specificity-in-language-and-birdsong
#15
Madza Farias-Virgens, Stephanie A White
Spoken languages such as German are extremely discrete, whereas others such as Portuguese are melodic or "sing-song" wherein identifying a word relies on what comes before and after. Perhaps surprisingly, birdsong also exhibits specificity and generalization as articulated by Tian and Brainard (2017).
December 6, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211309/statins-in-nonsurgical-and-surgical-periodontal-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-preclinical-in-vivo-trials
#16
REVIEW
K Bertl, I Steiner, N Pandis, K Buhlin, B Klinge, A Stavropoulos
The cholesterol-lowering drugs, statins, possess anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial and pro-osteogenic properties, and thus have been tested as an adjunct to periodontal treatment. The present systematic review aimed to answer the following focused research question: What is the effect of local and/or systemic statin use on periodontal tissues in preclinical in vivo studies of experimentally induced periodontitis (EIP) and/or acute/chronified periodontal defect (ACP) models? A literature search (of Medline/PubMed, Embase/Ovid, CENTRAL/Ovid) using the following main eligibility criteria was performed: (i) English or German language; (ii) controlled preclinical in vivo trials; (iii) local and/or systemic statin use in EIP and/or ACP models; and (iv) quantitative evaluation of periodontal tissues (i...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Periodontal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202711/design-and-validation-of-a-german-version-of-the-gsrs-ibs-an-analysis-of-its-psychometric-quality-and-factorial-structure
#17
Sarah K Schäfer, Kathrin Julia Weidner, Jorge Hoppner, Nicolas Becker, Dana Friedrich, Caroline S Stokes, Frank Lammert, Volker Köllner
BACKGROUND: Currently, a suitable questionnaire in German language is not available to monitor the progression and evaluate the severity of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Therefore, this study aimed to translate the Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (GSRS-IBS) into German and to evaluate its psychometric qualities and factorial structure. METHODS: This study is based on a total sample of 372 participants [62.6% female, mean age = 41 years (SD = 17 years)]...
December 4, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195937/the-french-german-and-spanish-sound-of-eating-fresh-fruits-and-vegetables
#18
Ana M Arboleda, Carlos Arce-Lopera
A set of onomatopoeic expressions for eating fruits and vegetables is compared across subjects whose native language is Spanish, French, or German. Subjects chose the onomatopoeia that best represented the sound of eating a fruit or vegetable (celery, banana, strawberry, passion fruit, mango, apple, orange, and tomato). Results show there are onomatopoeias that have a higher frequency of response in one language compared to the others. Thus, it is possible to assume that depending on the language there is a better way to express haptic and auditory information associated to fruit and vegetable consumption...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187307/evaluation-of-cross-cultural-adaptation-and-measurement-properties-of-start-back-screening-tool-a-systematic-review
#19
REVIEW
Fadi M Al Zoubi, Owis Eilayyan, Nancy E Mayo, André E Bussières
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to investigate the extent to which the STarT Back Screening Tool (SBST) has been evaluated for (1) the quality of translation of evidence for cross-cultural adaptation and (2) the measurement properties in languages other than English. METHODS: A systematic search of 8 databases, including Medline, Embase, CINAHL, PsycINFO, AMED, Scopus, PubMed, and Web of Science, was performed. Electronic databases were searched for the period between 2008 and December 27, 2016...
October 2017: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29178544/measuring-the-quality-of-pressure-ulcer-prevention-a-systematic-mapping-review-of-quality-indicators
#20
Jan Kottner, Elisabeth Hahnel, Andrea Lichterfeld-Kottner, Ulrike Blume-Peytavi, Andreas Büscher
The aim of this study was to provide a systematic overview of available pressure ulcer prevention quality indicators and to evaluate the underlying empirical evidence. A systematic mapping review was conducted with combined searches in Embase and Medline, and websites of relevant institutions and organisations. The eligibility criteria were clear use of the term "quality indicator" regarding pressure ulcer prevention; English or German language; and all settings, populations, and types of resources, including articles, brochures, and online material...
November 27, 2017: International Wound Journal
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