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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525928/-indicators-for-speech-comprehension-in-migrant-children-a-comparison-of-extreme-groups
#1
Christiane Kiese-Himmel, Herbert Poinstingl, Nicole von Steinbüchel
Objective Children with migrant background learning German as second language are frequently considered having problems in speech comprehension and speaking; nevertheless, it is very difficult to objectify that for young children. For this purpose risk-factors should be determined empirically. Material and Methods The study comprised 126 children from a developmental longitudinal study in 7 day-care centers in Frankfurt/M and Darmstadt. The sample was sorted into two extreme groups by their achievement in oral German language comprehension: criterion T-score ≥46=age appropriate (N=61) vs...
May 19, 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522283/-standardised-pain-assessment-in-cognitively-impaired-nursing-home-residents-comparing-the-use-of-assessment-tools-in-dementia-care-units-and-in-integrated-care-units
#2
Rebecca Palm, Erika Sirsch, Bernhard Holle, Sabine Bartholomeyczik
BACKGROUND: A large number of nursing home residents with cognitive impairments (CI) suffer from chronic pain, which is also discussed as a reason for challenging behavior. To assess pain in people with severe CI, the use of an observational pain instrument is recommended; for people without or with mild CI the gold standard is a self-rating instrument. It is unknown whether in German nursing homes pain assessment in residents with severe CI is actually conducted using observational instruments and which instruments are used...
May 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521742/the-linguistic-validation-of-the-gut-feelings-questionnaire-in-three-european-languages
#3
Marie Barais, Johannes Hauswaldt, Daniel Hausmann, Slawomir Czachowski, Agnieszka Sowinska, Paul Van Royen, Erik Stolper
BACKGROUND: Physicians' clinical decision-making may be influenced by non-analytical thinking, especially when perceiving uncertainty. Incidental gut feelings in general practice have been described, namely, as "a sense of alarm" and "a sense of reassurance". A Dutch Gut Feelings Questionnaire (GFQ) was developed, validated and afterwards translated into English following a linguistic validation procedure. The aims were to translate the GFQ from English into French, German and Polish; to describe uniform elements as well as differences and difficulties in the linguistic validation processes; to propose a procedural scheme for future GFQ translations into other languages...
April 20, 2017: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508782/the-use-of-restful-web-services-in-medical-informatics-and-clinical-research-and-its-implementation-in-europe
#4
Jozef Aerts
BACKGROUND: RESTful web services nowadays are state-of-the-art in business transactions over the internet. They are however not very much used in medical informatics and in clinical research, especially not in Europe. OBJECTIVES: To make an inventory of RESTful web services that can be used in medical informatics and clinical research, including those that can help in patient empowerment in the DACH region and in Europe, and to develop some new RESTful web services for use in clinical research and regulatory review...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500021/thoracic-surgery-information-on-the-internet-a-multilingual-quality-assessment
#5
Myles Davaris, Stephen Barnett, Robert Abouassaly, Nathan Lawrentschuk
BACKGROUND: Previous data suggest that quality of Internet information regarding surgical conditions and their treatments is variable. However, no comprehensive analysis of website quality exists for thoracic surgery. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to quantify website quality in a multilingual setting using an international standard for assessment. METHODS: Health On the Net (HON) principles may be applied to websites using an automated toolbar function...
May 12, 2017: Interactive Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497133/development-and-testing-of-satisfaction-questionnaires-for-patients-with-removable-dental-prostheses
#6
Ahmad Al Jaghsi, Torsten Mundt, Thomas Kohlmann, Stefanie Samietz, Amro Daboul, Thomas Klinke, Reiner Biffar
OBJECTIVE: To develop and test self-administered satisfaction questionnaires for patients with removable dental prostheses (RDPs) in the German language. METHOD AND MATERIALS: A three-phase methodology was used. A pilot questionnaire was developed in phase one. At the end of phase two, the final version of the questionnaires were reached. In phase three, 192 questionnaires were distributed to evaluate the psychometric properties of the final version of the questionnaires...
2017: Quintessence International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496424/the-german-version-of-the-strengths-use-scale-the-relation-of-using-individual-strengths-and-well-being
#7
Alexandra Huber, Dave Webb, Stefan Höfer
Theoretical perspectives in positive psychology have considered the possession and use of strengths equally but in applied research more studies focused on having them, probably due to the absence of psychometrically adequate scales. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess the psychometric characteristics of the German language version of the Strengths Use Scale (SUS) and to explore relationships between strengths use and several indicator measures of well-being: the presence of positive and the absence of negative affect, self-esteem as identity aspect, vitality as self-regulatory resource, and stress for capturing the evaluation of difficulties and obstacles impinging on well-being...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496124/intelligibility-of-locally-time-reversed-speech-a-multilingual-comparison
#8
Kazuo Ueda, Yoshitaka Nakajima, Wolfgang Ellermeier, Florian Kattner
A set of experiments was performed to make a cross-language comparison of intelligibility of locally time-reversed speech, employing a total of 117 native listeners of English, German, Japanese, and Mandarin Chinese. The experiments enabled to examine whether the languages of three types of timing-stress-, syllable-, and mora-timed languages-exhibit different trends in intelligibility, depending on the duration of the segments that were temporally reversed. The results showed a strikingly similar trend across languages, especially when the time axis of segment duration was normalised with respect to the deviation of a talker's speech rate from the average in each language...
May 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495598/mental-arithmetic-in-the-bilingual-brain-language-matters
#9
Amandine Van Rinsveld, Laurence Dricot, Mathieu Guillaume, Bruno Rossion, Christine Schiltz
How do bilinguals solve arithmetic problems in each of their languages? We investigated this question by exploring the neural substrates of mental arithmetic in bilinguals. Critically, our population was composed of a homogeneous group of adults who were fluent in both of their instruction languages (i.e., German as first instruction language and French as second instruction language). Twenty bilinguals were scanned with fMRI (3T) while performing mental arithmetic. Both simple and complex problems were presented to disentangle memory retrieval occuring in very simple problems from arithmetic computation occuring in more complex problems...
May 8, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493976/-passive-victim-strong-survivor-perceived-meaning-of-labels-applied-to-women-who-were-raped
#10
Michael Papendick, Gerd Bohner
Three experiments (total N = 464) were conducted in parallel with English- and German-speaking participants to examine the perceived meanings and effects of the labels "victim" versus "survivor" (and their German equivalents) when applied to a woman who was raped. In Study 1 (N = 179), participants read a rape vignette and then rated the meaning of the label it contained (either "victim" or "survivor") on a 15-item semantic differential. Independent of language and participant gender, "survivor" was perceived more positively overall (e...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484905/historical-perspectives-on-ancient-greek-derived-a-prefixed-nomenclature-for-acquired-neurocognitive-impairment
#11
REVIEW
Philip Gerard Gasquoine
Distinct forms of acquired neurocognitive impairment are often described by "a" prefixed terms that derive from ancient Greek (and in one case Latin). Two modern English language neurological and neuropsychological reference books were searched to identify 17 such terms in contemporary usage: amnesia, akinesia, ataxia, aphasia, agraphia, anosmia, apraxia, athetosis, ageusia, achromatopsia, agnosia, alexia, amusia, anomia, anarthria, anosognosia, and acalculia. These were traced to their initial association with acquired neurocognitive impairment in German, English, and French language medical publications from the late 18th, 19th, and early 20th centuries (1770 through 1920)...
May 8, 2017: Neuropsychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482742/neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-22-children-with-microcephaly-of-different-etiologies
#12
Eliza Gordon-Lipkin, Maura Blakemore Gentner, Rebecca German, Mary L Leppert
We examined longitudinal neurodevelopmental outcomes in a series of infants with microcephaly. Retrospective review identified neonatal intensive care unit follow-up clinic patients with a diagnostic code of microcephaly, verified by head circumference less than the fifth precentile (WHO growth curves). Data were collected regarding clinical history and developmental assessments by Capute Scales and gross motor age equivalent. Developmental Quotient (DQ) was age adjusted up until 2 years for preterm infants...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475167/effects-of-regular-classes-in-outdoor-education-settings-a-systematic-review-on-students-learning-social-and-health-dimensions
#13
REVIEW
Christoph Becker, Gabriele Lauterbach, Sarah Spengler, Ulrich Dettweiler, Filip Mess
BACKGROUND: Participants in Outdoor Education Programmes (OEPs) presumably benefit from these programmes in terms of their social and personal development, academic achievement and physical activity (PA). The aim of this systematic review was to identify studies about regular compulsory school- and curriculum-based OEPs, to categorise and evaluate reported outcomes, to assess the methodological quality, and to discuss possible benefits for students. METHODS: We searched online databases to identify English- and German-language peer-reviewed journal articles that reported any outcomes on a student level...
May 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474220/the-quality-of-patient-information-booklets-for-cancer-patients-an-evaluation-of-free-accessible-material-in-german-language
#14
Christian Keinki, Ivonne Rudolph, Dana Ruetters, Ulrike Kuenzel, Jessica Lobitz, Maike Schaefer, Hani Hanaya, Jutta Huebner
According to the information-seeking behaviors of patients, booklets which can be downloaded from the Internet for free are an important source of information notably for patients with cancer. This study investigated whether information booklets for patients with cancer available at German websites are in accordance with the formal and content criteria of evidence-based information. We compared and compiled both content and formal criteria by matching different national and international standards for written patient information using a merged instrument...
May 4, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469564/pavlovian-conditioning-of-larval-drosophila-an-illustrated-multilingual-hands-on-manual-for-odor-taste-associative-learning-in-maggots
#15
Birgit Michels, Timo Saumweber, Roland Biernacki, Jeanette Thum, Rupert D V Glasgow, Michael Schleyer, Yi-Chun Chen, Claire Eschbach, Reinhard F Stocker, Naoko Toshima, Teiichi Tanimura, Matthieu Louis, Gonzalo Arias-Gil, Manuela Marescotti, Fabio Benfenati, Bertram Gerber
Larval Drosophila offer a study case for behavioral neurogenetics that is simple enough to be experimentally tractable, yet complex enough to be worth the effort. We provide a detailed, hands-on manual for Pavlovian odor-reward learning in these animals. Given the versatility of Drosophila for genetic analyses, combined with the evolutionarily shared genetic heritage with humans, the paradigm has utility not only in behavioral neurogenetics and experimental psychology, but for translational biomedicine as well...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469547/factors-predicting-meat-and-meat-products-consumption-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-people-evidence-from-a-consumer-survey-in-switzerland
#16
Alexandra Schmid, Doreen Gille, Patrizia Piccinali, Ueli Bütikofer, Magali Chollet, Themistoklis Altintzoglou, Pirjo Honkanen, Barbara Walther, Helena Stoffers
Background: An adequate diet contributes to health and wellbeing in older age. This is nowadays more important than ever since in industrialised countries the elderly population is growing continually. However, information regarding the consumption behaviour of older persons in Switzerland is limited. Objective: The objective of this investigation was to explore how middle-aged and elderly Swiss view animal products in relation to diet and health, and what factors predict consumption frequency. Design: A representative consumer survey among 632 people over the age of 50 years, living in the German-, French- and Italian-speaking regions of Switzerland was conducted...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462765/acquisition-of-prosodic-focus-marking-by-english-french-and-german-three-four-five-and-six-year-olds
#17
Kriszta Szendrői, Carline Bernard, Frauke Berger, Judit Gervain, Barbara Höhle
Previous research on young children's knowledge of prosodic focus marking has revealed an apparent paradox, with comprehension appearing to lag behind production. Comprehension of prosodic focus is difficult to study experimentally due to its subtle and ambiguous contribution to pragmatic meaning. We designed a novel comprehension task, which revealed that three- to six-year-old children show adult-like comprehension of the prosodic marking of subject and object focus. Our findings thus support the view that production does not precede comprehension in the acquisition of focus...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444406/-king-s-parkinson-s-disease-pain-scale-intercultural-adaptation-in-the-german-language
#18
REVIEW
W H Jost, A Rizos, P Odin, M Löhle, A Storch
BACKGROUND: Pain is a frequent symptom of idiopathic Parkinson's disease and has a substantial impact on quality of life. The King's Parkinson's disease pain scale (KPPS) has become internationally established and is an English-language, standardized, reliable and valid scale for evaluation of pain in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. This article presents a validated version in German. METHOD: The German translation was adapted interculturally and developed using an internationally recognized procedure in consultation with the authors of the original publication...
April 25, 2017: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443036/auditory-motor-rhythms-and-speech-processing-in-french-and-german-listeners
#19
Simone Falk, Chloé Volpi-Moncorger, Simone Dalla Bella
Moving to a speech rhythm can enhance verbal processing in the listener by increasing temporal expectancies (Falk and Dalla Bella, 2016). Here we tested whether this hypothesis holds for prosodically diverse languages such as German (a lexical stress-language) and French (a non-stress language). Moreover, we examined the relation between motor performance and the benefits for verbal processing as a function of language. Sixty-four participants, 32 German and 32 French native speakers detected subtle word changes in accented positions in metrically structured sentences to which they previously tapped with their index finger...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441085/noun-and-verb-knowledge-in-monolingual-preschool-children-across-17-languages-data-from-cross-linguistic-lexical-tasks-litmus-clt
#20
Ewa Haman, Magdalena Łuniewska, Pernille Hansen, Hanne Gram Simonsen, Shula Chiat, Jovana Bjekić, Agnė Blažienė, Katarzyna Chyl, Ineta Dabašinskienė, Pascale Engel de Abreu, Natalia Gagarina, Anna Gavarró, Gisela Håkansson, Efrat Harel, Elisabeth Holm, Svetlana Kapalková, Sari Kunnari, Chiara Levorato, Josefin Lindgren, Karolina Mieszkowska, Laia Montes Salarich, Anneke Potgieter, Ingeborg Ribu, Natalia Ringblom, Tanja Rinker, Maja Roch, Daniela Slančová, Frenette Southwood, Roberta Tedeschi, Aylin Müge Tuncer, Özlem Ünal-Logacev, Jasmina Vuksanović, Sharon Armon-Lotem
This article investigates the cross-linguistic comparability of the newly developed lexical assessment tool Cross-linguistic Lexical Tasks (LITMUS-CLT). LITMUS-CLT is a part the Language Impairment Testing in Multilingual Settings (LITMUS) battery (Armon-Lotem, de Jong & Meir, 2015). Here we analyse results on receptive and expressive word knowledge tasks for nouns and verbs across 17 languages from eight different language families: Baltic (Lithuanian), Bantu (isiXhosa), Finnic (Finnish), Germanic (Afrikaans, British English, South African English, German, Luxembourgish, Norwegian, Swedish), Romance (Catalan, Italian), Semitic (Hebrew), Slavic (Polish, Serbian, Slovak) and Turkic (Turkish)...
April 25, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
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