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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918175/empirical-correlates-for-the-minnesota-multiphasic-personality-inventory-2-restructured-form-in-a-german-inpatient-sample
#1
Josefine K Moultrie, Rolf R Engel
We identified empirical correlates for the 42 substantive scales of the German language version of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF): Higher Order, Restructured Clinical, Specific Problem, Interest, and revised Personality Psychopathology Five scales. We collected external validity data by means of a 177-item chart review form in a sample of 488 psychiatric inpatients of a German university hospital. We structured our findings along the interpretational guidelines for the MMPI-2-RF and compared them with the validity data published in the tables of the MMPI-2-RF Technical Manual...
December 5, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909737/-attitudes-towards-psychotherapy-in-south-korea-and-germany-a%C3%A2-cross-cultural-comparative-study
#2
W Schulz, M A Shin, G Schmid-Ott
BACKGROUND: Due to the relatively recent introduction of psychotherapy in South Korea and against the background of collectivist and Confucian values, it has been suggested that South Koreans harbor more negative attitudes towards psychotherapy compared to Germans and that the social acceptance of psychotherapy is lower. METHODS: We compared the attitudes of 99 women from South Korea with 98 German women using the questionnaire on attitudes towards psychotherapeutic treatment (FEP)...
December 1, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903838/european-military-mental-health-research-benefits-of-collaboration
#3
EDITORIAL
Hubertus Himmerich, G D Willmund, U Wesemann, N Jones, N T Fear
Despite joint participation in international military operations, few collaborative military mental health research projects have been undertaken by European countries. From a common perspective of military mental health researchers from Germany and the UK, the lack of shared research might be related not only to the use of different languages but also the different ways in which the two militaries provide mental health and medical support to operations and differences in military institutions. One area that is suitable for military health research collaboration within UK and German forces is mental health and well-being among military personnel...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895573/prediction-signatures-in-the-brain-semantic-pre-activation-during-language-comprehension
#4
Burkhard Maess, Fahimeh Mamashli, Jonas Obleser, Liisa Helle, Angela D Friederici
There is broad agreement that context-based predictions facilitate lexical-semantic processing. A robust index of semantic prediction during language comprehension is an evoked response, known as the N400, whose amplitude is modulated as a function of semantic context. However, the underlying neural mechanisms that utilize relations of the prior context and the embedded word within it are largely unknown. We measured magnetoencephalography (MEG) data while participants were listening to simple German sentences in which the verbs were either highly predictive for the occurrence of a particular noun (i...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894457/reliability-and-validity-of-the-coping-strategy-inventory-short-form-applied-to-hemodialysis-patients-in-13-countries-results-from-the-dialysis-outcomes-and-practice-patterns-study-dopps
#5
Elodie Speyer, Hal Morgenstern, Yasuaki Hayashino, Peter G Kerr, Hugh Rayner, Bruce M Robinson, Ronald L Pisoni
OBJECTIVES: The Coping Strategies Inventory-Short Form (CSI-SF) measures four coping strategies based on 16 items: 4 items each indicating problem- vs. emotion-focused engagement or disengagement. Here we provide the first assessment of reliability and construct validity of the CSI-SF among hemodialysis patients across 13 countries. METHODS: The CSI-SF was completed by patients in 9 languages in phase 4 of the Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (2009-11)...
December 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882773/the-acquisition-of-initial-consonant-clusters-in-german-speaking-2-year-olds
#6
Blanca Schaefer, Annette Fox-Boyer
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore cluster acquisition in typically developing German-speaking 2-year-olds. METHOD: Data from four cross-sectional studies (n = 145, aged 2;00-2;11) and one eight-month longitudinal study were analysed (n = 6, aged 2;01-2;04). Two different percentages of consonant clusters correct were calculated to allow a more detailed analysis. RESULT: Findings showed that the majority of children produced clusters, although they could not be considered to be fully acquired...
November 24, 2016: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882188/determinants-of-translation-ambiguity-a-within-and-cross-language-comparison
#7
Tamar Degani, Anat Prior, Chelsea M Eddington, Ana B Arêas da Luz Fontes, Natasha Tokowicz
Ambiguity in translation is highly prevalent, and has consequences for second-language learning and for bilingual lexical processing. To better understand this phenomenon, the current study compared the determinants of translation ambiguity across four sets of translation norms from English to Spanish, Dutch, German and Hebrew. The number of translations an English word received was correlated across these different languages, and was also correlated with the number of senses the word has in English, demonstrating that translation ambiguity is partially determined by within-language semantic ambiguity...
2016: Linguistic Approaches to Bilingualism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881523/effects-of-culture-sensitive-adaptation-of-patient-information-material-on-usefulness-in-migrants-a-multicentre-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Lars P Hölzel, Zivile Ries, Levente Kriston, Jörg Dirmaier, Jördis M Zill, Christine Rummel-Kluge, Wilhelm Niebling, Isaac Bermejo, Martin Härter
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the usefulness of culture-sensitive patient information material compared with standard translated material. DESIGN: Multicentre, double-blind randomised controlled trial. SETTING: 37 primary care practices. PARTICIPANTS: 435 adult primary care patients with a migration background with unipolar depressive disorder or non-specific chronic low back pain were randomised. Patients who were unable to read in the language of their respective migration background were excluded...
November 23, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871239/lesbian-womens-access-to-healthcare-experiences-with-and-expectations-towards-gps-in-german-primary-care
#9
Oliver Hirsch, Karina Löltgen, Annette Becker
BACKGROUND: Lesbian women have higher rates of physical and psychiatric disorders associated with experiences of discrimination, homophobia and difficulties with coming out. Therefore, easy access to specialized healthcare in an open atmosphere is needed. We aimed to describe women's access to and experiences with healthcare in Germany, and to assess the responsibility of the general practitioner (GP) compared to other specialities providing primary health care. METHODS: A questionnaire study was conducted via internet and paper-based sampling...
November 21, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868079/semantic-prediction-in-language-comprehension-evidence-from-brain-potentials
#10
Dominik Freunberger, Dietmar Roehm
Do people predict specific word-forms during language comprehension? In an Event-Related Potential (ERP) study participants read German sentences with predictable (The goalkeeper claims that the slick ball was easy to CATCH.) and unpredictable (The kids boasted that the young horse was easy to SADDLE.) verbs. Verbs were either consistent with the expected word-form (catch/saddle) or inconsistent and therefore led to ungrammaticality (*catches/*saddles). ERPs within the N400 time-window were modulated by predictability but not by the surface-form of the verbs, suggesting that no exact word-forms were predicted...
October 20, 2016: Language, Cognition and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867365/gender-agreement-attraction-in-russian-production-and-comprehension-evidence
#11
Natalia Slioussar, Anton Malko
Agreement attraction errors (such as the number error in the example "The key to the cabinets are rusty") have been the object of many studies in the last 20 years. So far, almost all production experiments and all comprehension experiments looked at binary features (primarily at number in Germanic, Romance, and some other languages, in several cases at gender in Romance languages). Among other things, it was noted that both in production and in comprehension, attraction effects are much stronger for some feature combinations than for the others: they can be observed in the sentences with singular heads and plural dependent nouns (e...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863282/identification-and-quantification-of-synthetic-cannabinoids-in-spice-like-herbal-mixtures-update-of-the-german-situation-for-the-spring-of-2016
#12
Nico Langer, Rainer Lindigkeit, Hans-Martin Schiebel, Uli Papke, Ludger Ernst, Till Beuerle
In February 2016, nine "spice-like" products from German language internet shops were analyzed. In total, eight different synthetic cannabinoids were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), namely THJ-018, THJ-2201, MAB-CHMINACA, 5F-ADB, 5Cl-AKB48 (syn.: 5C-AKB48), 4-pentenyl-AKB48, MDMB-CHMICA and 5F-AB-PINACA. For the majority of products only one synthetic cannabinoid was identified as the active ingredient, while two products contained 2 and 5 compounds, respectively. For some of the identified cannabinoids (MAB-CHMINACA, 5Cl-AKB48 and 4-pentenyl-AKB48) no or only insufficient physico-chemical data were available in literature...
December 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27861193/a-comparison-of-surgical-treatments-for-superior-semicircular-canal-dehiscence-a-systematic-review
#13
Fuat Ziylan, Ahmet Kinaci, Andy J Beynon, Henricus P M Kunst
OBJECTIVE: We investigate the postoperative subjective and objective outcomes of different surgical treatments for superior semicircular canal dehiscence (SSCD): vestibular signs, auditory signs, vestibular evoked myogenic potential test, pure tone audiogram, speech audiogram, or video-nystagmography. DATA SOURCES: An electronic search performed in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE databases on 15th of September 2015. A systematic search was conducted. Articles were included if written in English, Dutch, German, or French language...
November 16, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856066/does-acculturation-narrow-the-health-literacy-gap-between-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-an-explorative-study
#14
Sarah Mantwill, Peter J Schulz
OBJECTIVES: To compare functional health literacy (HL) levels in three immigrant groups to those of the German- and Italian-speaking non-immigrant population in Switzerland. Moreover, to investigate whether language-independent, respectively language-dependent, functional HL and variables of acculturation were associated with self-reported health status among immigrants. METHODS: Language-independent HL was assessed with the Short Test of Functional Health Literacy (S-TOFHLA) in the respective native languages...
October 24, 2016: Patient Education and Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846270/measurement-invariance-and-latent-mean-differences-in-the-reynolds-intellectual-assessment-scales-rias-does-the-german-version-of-the-rias-allow-a-valid-assessment-of-individuals-with-a-migration-background
#15
Jasmin T Gygi, Elodie Fux, Alexander Grob, Priska Hagmann-von Arx
This study examined measurement invariance and latent mean differences in the German version of the Reynolds Intellectual Assessment Scales (RIAS) for 316 individuals with a migration background (defined as speaking German as a second language) and 316 sex- and age-matched natives. The RIAS measures general intelligence (single-factor structure) and its two components, verbal and nonverbal intelligence (two-factor structure). Results of a multi-group confirmatory factor analysis showed scalar invariance for the two-factor and partial scalar invariance for the single-factor structure...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843372/wissler-fanconi-syndrome-and-related-diagnoses-a-case-report
#16
Mustafa Q Albustani, Robert F Howard
INTRODUCTION: Wissler-Fanconi syndrome is a rare rheumatic syndrome that was first described during the 1940s in Europe. Since then, many papers have been written that cover all aspects of this syndrome, most of which are in French and German language, with only a very few in English (none of them recent). We report here a case that fulfils the criteria for Wissler-Fanconi syndrome. Under the more general descriptive umbrella of Wissler-Fanconi syndrome, our patient also fulfils the Modified Jones criteria, and the 2010 American College of Rheumatology/European League Against Rheumatism (ACR/EULAR) classification criteria for rheumatoid arthritis, and was interpreted by other internists and another rheumatologist as fulfilling the Yamaguchi criteria for adult onset Still's disease...
2016: Open Access Rheumatol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832679/-do-early-cochlear-implanted-toddlers-show-a-better-speech-development-than-later-implanted-children
#17
K Kral, R Lang-Roth, N Hilger, B Streicher
Objective: Long term goal in early cochlea implantation in children without any additional disabilities is an age-appropriate speech development. Material and Methods: Speech development in deaf children with cochlear-implant(s) (n=60) was examined with the german language test battery SETK-2 ("Sprachentwicklungstest für 2-jährige Kinder") 2 years after first mapping of the speech processor. Results: More than 68% of the subjects show in all 4 subtests hearing-age equivalent results in receptive and expressive language...
November 10, 2016: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832065/multiple-language-use-influences-oculomotor-task-performance-neurophysiological-evidence-of-a-shared-substrate-between-language-and-motor-control
#18
Karin Heidlmayr, Karine Doré-Mazars, Xavier Aparicio, Frédéric Isel
In the present electroencephalographical study, we asked to which extent executive control processes are shared by both the language and motor domain. The rationale was to examine whether executive control processes whose efficiency is reinforced by the frequent use of a second language can lead to a benefit in the control of eye movements, i.e. a non-linguistic activity. For this purpose, we administrated to 19 highly proficient late French-German bilingual participants and to a control group of 20 French monolingual participants an antisaccade task, i...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27807425/prosodic-parallelism-comparing-spoken-and-written-language
#19
Richard Wiese
The Prosodic Parallelism hypothesis claims adjacent prosodic categories to prefer identical branching of internal adjacent constituents. According to Wiese and Speyer (2015), this preference implies feet contained in the same phonological phrase to display either binary or unary branching, but not different types of branching. The seemingly free schwa-zero alternations at the end of some words in German make it possible to test this hypothesis. The hypothesis was successfully tested by conducting a corpus study which used large-scale bodies of written German...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803681/more-than-only-skin-deep-appearance-self-concept-predicts-most-of-secondary-school-students-self-esteem
#20
Tanja G Baudson, Kira E Weber, Philipp A Freund
One important goal of education is to develop students' self-esteem which, in turn, hinges on their self-concept in the academic, physical, and social domains. Prior studies have shown that physical self-concept accounts for most of the variation in self-esteem, with academic and social self-concepts playing a much lesser role. As pressure toward perfection seems to be increasing in education, appearance, and social relationships (three aspects that relate to crucial developmental tasks of adolescence), the goal of the present field study was to examine whether former findings still hold true in the light of the changing societal context...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
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