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German language

Oliver Rick, Monika Reuß-Borst, Timm Dauelsberg, Holger Hass, Volker König, Reiner Caspari, Gabriele Götz-Keil, Jürgen Pfitzner, Christa Kerschgens, Klaus Fliessbach, Christian Hoppe
OBJECTIVE: Complaints about cognitive dysfunction (CD) reportedly persist in approximately one third of breast cancer patients but the nature of CD and possible risk factors are unknown. METHODS: A cross-sectional, multicenter study was set-up at 9 German oncological rehabilitation centers. Objective cognitive performance was assessed by the NeuroCog FX test, a short computerized screening (duration <30 min) which assesses working memory, alertness, verbal/figural memory and language/executive...
May 17, 2018: Psycho-oncology
Gerhard Sonnert
This article explores how linguistic categories affect boundary work in scholarly knowledge production. Whereas the German language knows the unified concept of Wissenschaft for all branches of scholarship represented at universities, the English language separates science from the arts or humanities and does not commonly engage an overarching concept. This has had consequences for American social science, which are traced both in the discourse shaping its development and in the deployment and distribution of institutional resources...
May 16, 2018: Journal of the History of the Behavioral Sciences
C Klein, C Wittmann, K N Wendt, C Ostgathe, S Stiel
BACKGROUND: Palliative sedation (PS) serves as a therapeutic option in cases of otherwise intractable suffering. As the use of sedative and hypnotic medication in many diverse situations is a core competency of anesthesiology, anesthesiologists are confronted with questions of sedative therapy at the end of life in institutions for specialized palliative care, in intensive care units and intermediate care wards. In recent years a number of guidelines have been published internationally but so far no official guidelines exist in Germany...
May 16, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
Susannahv Levi
A bilingual advantage has been found in both cognitive and social tasks. In the current study, we examine whether there is a bilingual advantage in how children process information about who is talking (talker-voice information). Younger and older groups of monolingual and bilingual children completed the following talker-voice tasks with bilingual speakers: a discrimination task in English and German (an unfamiliar language), and a talker-voice learning task in which they learned to identify the voices of three unfamiliar speakers in English...
May 2018: Bilingualism: Language and Cognition
Kristina Suchotzki, Matthias Gamer
Research on trustworthiness indicates that non-native speakers are perceived as less trustworthy than native speakers. Research investigating whether people do indeed lie less well in a non-native language is, however, scarce and yielded inconsistent results. Two opposing predictions are possible. Based on the idea that lying is more demanding than truth telling, the cognitive load account predicts that speaking a foreign language imposes additional cognitive load and thereby hampers lying. Based on the idea that lying is emotionally arousing and that communication in a non-native language is perceived as less emotional, the emotional distance account predicts that speaking a foreign language facilitates lying...
May 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Marcos Antonio Mouriño García, Roberto Pérez Rodríguez, Luis Anido Rifón
This article presents a classifier that leverages Wikipedia knowledge to represent documents as vectors of concepts weights, and analyses its suitability for classifying biomedical documents written in any language when it is trained only with English documents. We propose the cross-language concept matching technique, which relies on Wikipedia interlanguage links to convert concept vectors between languages. The performance of the classifier is compared to a classifier based on machine translation, and two classifiers based on MetaMap...
May 2, 2018: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine
Florian Arendt, Sebastian Scherr, Thomas Niederkrotenthaler, Benedikt Till
BACKGROUND: Although suicide experts recommend using neutral suicide referents in news media reporting, this recommendation has not yet been tested empirically. This recommendation, based on the empirically yet untested assumption that problematic suicide referents carry meaning that is inappropriate from a prevention perspective, may lead to a different perspective on suicide, termed "framing effects." For example, in German-speaking countries, the neutral term Suizid (suicide) is recommended...
February 14, 2018: Social Science & Medicine
Jennifer Fietz, Barbara Stupp
BACKGROUND: Traditional municipal services are not successful at reaching Turkish seniors. Compared to native Germans Turkish seniors have a lower social participation. OBJECTIVE: Do native language groups hosted by a German organization promote the social participation of Turkish seniors? How does social participation take place in the ZWAR networks (between work and retirement; a project to strengthen social participation of seniors) and which factors promote or reduce social participation? MATERIAL AND METHODS: Qualitative structuring content analysis of two group discussions, which were based on guided interviews...
May 4, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
Johannes Thye, Ursula Hübner, Jan-Patrick Weiß, Frank Teuteberg, Jens Hüsers, Jan-David Liebe, Birgit Babitsch
BACKGROUND: IT is getting an increasing importance in hospitals. In this context, major IT decisions are often made by CEOs who are not necessarily IT experts. OBJECTIVES: Therefore, this study aimed at a) exploring different types of IT decision makers at CEO level, b) identifying hypotheses if trust exists between these different types of CEOs and their CIOs and c) building hypotheses on potential consequences regarding risk taking and innovation. METHODS: To this end, 14 qualitative interviews with German hospital CEOs were conducted to explore the research questions...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Marvin K H Law, Simon A Jackson, Eugene Aidman, Mattis Geiger, Sally Olderbak, Sabina Kleitman
Individual differences in lie detection remain poorly understood. Bond and DePaulo's meta-analysis examined judges (receivers) who were ascertaining lies from truths and senders (deceiver) who told these lies and truths. Bond and DePaulo found that the accuracy of detecting deception depended more on the characteristics of senders rather than the judges' ability to detect lies/truths. However, for many studies in this meta-analysis, judges could hear and understand senders. This made language comprehension a potential confound...
2018: PloS One
Amy E Peden, Daniel Demant, Martin S Hagger, Kyra Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: Drowning claims 7% of the global burden of injury-related deaths. Lifejackets are routinely recommended as a drowning prevention strategy; however, a review of related factors regarding lifejacket wear has not previously been investigated. METHODS: This systematic review examined literature published from inception to December 2016 in English and German languages. The personal, social, and environmental factors associated with lifejacket wear among adults and children were investigated, a quantitative evaluation of the results undertaken, and gaps in the literature identified...
2018: PloS One
Friedrich M Götz, Tobias Ebert, Peter J Rentfrow
The present study extended traditional nation-based research on person-culture-fit to the regional level. First, we examined the geographical distribution of Big Five personality traits in Switzerland. Across the 26 Swiss cantons, unique patterns were observed for all traits. For Extraversion and Neuroticism clear language divides emerged between the French- and Italian-speaking South-West vs. the German-speaking North-East. Second, multilevel modeling demonstrated that person-environment-fit in Big Five, composed of elevation (i...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Urs-Vito Albrecht, Uta Hillebrand, Ute von Jan
BACKGROUND: In addition to mandatory CE marking ("CE" representing Conformité Européenne, with the CE marking being a symbol of free marketability in the European Economic Area) for medical devices, there are various seals, initiatives, action groups, etc, in the health app context. However, whether manufacturers use them to distinguish their apps and attach relevance to them is unclear. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to take a snapshot of quality seals, regulatory marks, and other orientation aids available on the German app market and to determine whether manufacturers deem such labels relevant enough to apply them to their apps, namely as reflected by mentions in app description texts in a typical app store (ie, Apple's App Store)...
April 25, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Mandy Niemitz, Nicolaus Schwerk, Lutz Goldbeck, Matthias Griese
PURPOSE: Children's interstitial lung disease (chILD) is often associated with multiple burdens and chronic impairment of health-related quality of life. Patient reported outcomes describe the patients' perspective on medical conditions and their treatments. We aimed to develop and evaluate the psychometric properties of a chILD-specific PRO (chILD-QoL) as an instrument for monitoring the patients' health status. METHODS: Items were generated through focus groups with parents, patients, and interviews with pediatric pulmonologists...
April 23, 2018: Pediatric Pulmonology
Stefan L Frank, Patty Ernst
When the middle verb phrase is removed from an English double-embedded sentence, the remainder of the sentence is read faster in spite of the ungrammaticality. It has been shown that this "missing-VP effect" is reversed in German and Dutch. The current study demonstrates that the same cross-linguistic difference holds for sentences judgments: Native speakers consider English double-embedded sentences more comprehensible and acceptable when the middle verb phrase is removed, whereas the same is not the case in Dutch...
April 23, 2018: Psychological Research
Meetu R Kohli, Homayon Berenji, Frank C Setzer, Su-Min Lee, Bekir Karabucak
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of root-end preparation and filling material on endodontic surgery outcome. A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to determine the outcome of resin-based endodontic surgery (RES, the use of high-magnification preparation of a shallow and concave root-end cavity and bonded resin-based root-end filling material) versus endodontic microsurgery (EMS, the use of high-magnification ultrasonic root-end preparation and root-end filling with SuperEBA [Keystone Industries, Gibbstown, NJ], IRM [Dentsply Sirona, York, PA], mineral trioxide aggregate [MTA], or other calcium silicate cements)...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Endodontics
Udo Hahn, Franz Matthies, Christina Lohr, Markus Löffler
We introduce 3000PA, a clinical document corpus composed of 3,000 EPRs from three different clinical sites, which will serve as the backbone of a national reference language resource for German clinical NLP. We outline its design principles, results from a medication annotation campaign and the evaluation of a first medication information extraction prototype using a subset of 3000PA.
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
Samia A Hurst, Ueli Zellweger, Georg Bosshard, Matthias Bopp
BACKGROUND: End-of-life decisions remain controversial. Switzerland, with three main languages shared with surrounding countries and legal suicide assistance, allows exploration of the effects of cultural differences on end-of-life practices within the same legal framework. METHODS: We conducted a death certificate study on a nationwide continuous random sample of Swiss residents. Using an internationally standardized tool, we sent 4998, 2965, and 1000 anonymous questionnaires to certifying physicians in the German-, French-, and Italian-speaking regions...
April 20, 2018: BMC Medicine
Larissa S Meier, Maria Schubert, Yasemin Göksu, Solveig Esmann, Gabrielle R Vinding, Gregor B E Jemec, Günther F L Hofbauer
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratosis (AK) is a sun-induced skin lesion that may progress to invasive squamous cell carcinoma of the skin. Recently, the Actinic Keratosis Quality of Life questionnaire (AKQoL) was designed for patients with AK in Denmark as a specific quality of life instrument for AK patients. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to adapt the AKQoL for the German language region of Switzerland and to evaluate its psychometric properties (validity, reliability)...
April 18, 2018: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
Lea Tschirren, Susanne Bauer, Chiara Hanser, Petra Marsico, Diane Sellers, Hubertus J A van Hedel
AIM: As there is little evidence for concurrent validity of the Eating and Drinking Ability Classification System (EDACS), this study aimed to determine its concurrent validity and reliability in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP). METHOD: After an extensive translation procedure, we applied the German language version to 52 participants with CP (30 males, 22 females, mean age 9y 7mo [SD 4y 2mo]). We correlated (Kendall's tau or Kτ ) the EDACS levels with the Bogenhausener Dysphagiescore (BODS), and the EDACS level of assistance with the Manual Ability Classification System (MACS) and the item 'eating' of the Functional Independence Measure for Children (WeeFIM)...
April 15, 2018: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
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