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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937300/infants-processing-of-prosodic-cues-electrophysiological-evidence-for-boundary-perception-beyond-pause-detection
#1
Julia Holzgrefe-Lang, Caroline Wellmann, Barbara Höhle, Isabell Wartenburger
Infants as young as six months are sensitive to prosodic phrase boundaries marked by three acoustic cues: pitch change, final lengthening, and pause. Behavioral studies suggest that a language-specific weighting of these cues develops during the first year of life; recent work on German revealed that eight-month-olds, unlike six-month-olds, are capable of perceiving a prosodic boundary on the basis of pitch change and final lengthening only. The present study uses Event-Related Potentials (ERPs) to investigate the neuro-cognitive development of prosodic cue perception in German-learning infants...
September 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935457/-development-and-implementation-of-an-outpatient-clinic-at-an-initial-reception-centre-for-asylum-seekers-in-the-german-federal-state-of-baden-wuerttemberg
#2
C Nikendei, D Huhn, G Adler, P Becker von Rose, T M Eckstein, B Fuchs, S C Gewalt, B Greiner, T Günther, W Herzog, T Junghanss, T Krczal, D Lorenzen, T Lutz, M A Manigault, N Reinhart, M Rodenberg, I Schelletter, J Szecsenyi, R Steen, C Straßner, M Thomsen, K Wahedi, K Bozorgmehr
In 2015, more than 890,000 asylum seekers were registered in Germany. The provision of medical and psychosocial care for asylum seekers is facing numerous obstacles. Access to health care is mostly insufficient, particularly in initial reception centres. The present article describes the development and implementation of an interdisciplinary outpatient clinic for asylum seekers at the main registration authority in the state of Baden-Wuerttemberg operated by physicians of the University Hospital of Heidelberg and the local Medical Association in Heidelberg...
September 19, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934899/knowledge-about-and-attitude-towards-fertility-preservation-in-young-female-cancer-patients-a-cross-sectional-online-survey
#3
Corinne Urech, Verena Ehrbar, Jacky Boivin, Madleina Müller, Judith Alder, Rosanna Zanetti Dällenbach, Christoph Rochlitz, Sibil Tschudin
Recent advances in cancer therapy have resulted in an increased number of long-term cancer survivors. However, because of their treatment, women might be confronted with impaired fertility. The options of fertility preservation (FP) techniques are increasing. The goal of this study was to assess knowledge about, and attitudes towards, fertility preservation in young female cancer patients. A cross-sectional online survey was conducted including 155 former female cancer patients from English and German speaking countries...
September 22, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931501/cancer-predisposition-cascade-screening-for-hereditary-breast-ovarian-cancer-and-lynch-syndromes-in-switzerland-study-protocol
#4
Maria C Katapodi, Valeria Viassolo, Maria Caiata-Zufferey, Christos Nikolaidis, Rosmarie Bührer-Landolt, Nicole Buerki, Rossella Graffeo, Henrik Csaba Horváth, Christian Kurzeder, Manuela Rabaglio, Michael Scharfe, Corinne Urech, Tobias E Erlanger, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Karl Heinimann, Viola Heinzelmann-Schwarz, Olivia Pagani, Pierre O Chappuis
BACKGROUND: Breast, colorectal, ovarian, and endometrial cancers constitute approximately 30% of newly diagnosed cancer cases in Switzerland, affecting more than 12,000 individuals annually. Hundreds of these patients are likely to carry germline pathogenic variants associated with hereditary breast ovarian cancer (HBOC) or Lynch syndrome (LS). Genetic services (counseling and testing) for hereditary susceptibility to cancer can prevent many cancer diagnoses and deaths through early identification and risk management...
September 20, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917203/cognitive-behavioral-correlates-of-proxy-reports-on-cognitive-capabilities-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#5
Christoph Helmstaedter, Renata Vaz Pandolfo, Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt
PURPOSE: To validate the Cognitive Problems in Children and Adolescents Questionnaire (KOPKIJ, German: Kognitive Probleme bei Kindern und Jugendlichen), a proxy report measure for recognizing cognitive problems in pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Anonymized data sets from 279 pediatric epilepsy patients were standardized in regard to the KOPKIJ results of 352 healthy children and adolescents. The KOPKIJ was related to objective routine neuropsychological assessment (NPY), and to two subjective measures, the Child Behavior Checklist questionnaire (CBCL), a proxy rating by the parents, and a questionnaire for self-perceived health-related quality of life in children and adolescents (KINDL)...
September 6, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916159/-health-status-of-asylum-seekers-and-their-access-to-medical-care-design-and-pilot-testing-of-a-questionnaire
#6
Christine Schneider, Stefanie Joos, Kayvan Bozorgmehr
BACKGROUND: Scientific evidence on the health status of asylum seekers in Germany and their access to health care is fragmentary. There is a lack of appropriate questionnaires collecting indicators of health status and health care, which enable a meaningful comparison with a reference population. This article presents experiences in designing a questionnaire and findings available from a pilot testing to pave the way to improved design and methods in future studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The questionnaire comprises 28 mainly closed questions on self-reported health status, access to medical care and sociodemographic indicators...
September 12, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Evidenz, Fortbildung und Qualität Im Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912116/reliability-of-an-e-pro-tool-of-eortc-qlq-c30-for-measurement-of-health-related-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-prospective-randomized-trial
#7
Markus Wallwiener, Lina Matthies, Elisabeth Simoes, Lucia Keilmann, Andreas D Hartkopf, Alexander N Sokolov, Christina B Walter, Nina Sickenberger, Stephanie Wallwiener, Manuel Feisst, Paul Gass, Peter A Fasching, Michael P Lux, Diethelm Wallwiener, Florin-Andrei Taran, Joachim Rom, Andreas Schneeweiss, Joachim Graf, Sara Y Brucker
BACKGROUND: Breast cancer represents the most common malignant disease in women worldwide. As currently systematic palliative treatment only has a limited effect on survival rates, the concept of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is gaining more and more importance in the therapy setting of metastatic breast cancer. One of the major patient-reported outcomes (PROs) for measuring HRQoL in patients with breast cancer is provided by the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903001/open-source-assisted-laboratory-automation-through-graphical-user-interfaces-and-3d-printers-application-to-equipment-hyphenation-for-higher-order-data-generation
#8
Gabriel Germán Siano, Milagros Montemurro, Mirta Raquel Alcaráz, Hector Casimiro Goicoechea
In the current analytical chemistry, even though the modeling of higher-order data can result attractive, the generation of this kind of data implies some automation challenges, which are mainly related to the hidden programming languages and electronic details of the equipment. When techniques and/or equipment hyphenation is the key to obtain higher-order data, the required simultaneous control of them demands funds for new hardware, software and licenses, and also really skilled operators. In this work we present Design of Inputs-Outputs with Sikuli (D...
September 13, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890927/analysis-of-six-reviews-on-the-quality-of-instruments-for-the-evaluation-of-interprofessional-education-in-german-speaking-countries
#9
Jan P Ehlers, Sylvia Kaap-Fröhlich, Cornelia Mahler, Theresa Scherer, Marion Huber
Background: More and more institutions worldwide and in German-speaking countries are developing and establishing interprofessional seminars in undergraduate education of health professions. In order to evaluate the different didactic approaches and different outcomes regarding the anticipated interprofessional competencies, it is necessary to apply appropriate instruments. Cross-cultural instruments are particularly helpful for international comparability. The Interprofessional Education working group of the German Medical Association (GMA) aims at identifying existing instruments for the evaluation of interprofessional education in order to make recommendations for German-speaking countries...
2017: GMS Journal for Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883186/disseminating-a-standard-for-medical-records-in-emergency-departments-among-different-software-vendors-using-hl7-cda
#10
Dominik Brammen, Heike Dewenter, Volker Thiemann, Raphael W Majeed, Tingyan Xu, Kai U Heitmann, Felix Walcher, Sylvia Thun, Rainer Röhrig
A standardized medical record for the emergency department (GEDMR) was released in Germany, but only sparsely and randomly implemented by emergency department (ED) electronic health record (EHR) vendors. A reason for this may be a lacking common language between the medical and the Health Information Technology (HIT) domain. HL7 clinical document architecture (CDA) may leverage this communication gap. This paper reports on the effects of a professional medical association record standard on EHR vendors and the German ED-EHR market...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866740/factor-analysis-of-the-srs-22-outcome-assessment-instrument-in-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#11
A F Mannion, A Elfering, J Bago, F Pellise, A Vila-Casademunt, S Richner-Wunderlin, M Domingo-Sàbat, I Obeid, E Acaroglu, A Alanay, F S Pérez-Grueso, C R Baldus, L Y Carreon, K H Bridwell, S D Glassman, F Kleinstück
PURPOSE: Designed for patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, the SRS-22 is now widely used as an outcome instrument in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD). No studies have confirmed the four-factor structure (pain, function, self-image, mental health) of the SRS-22 in ASD and under different contexts. Factorial invariance of an instrument over time and in different languages is essential to allow for precise interpretations of treatment success and comparisons across studies...
September 2, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28863565/cross-linguistic-vowel-variation-in-trilingual-speakers-of-saterland-frisian-low-german-and-high-german
#12
Jörg Peters, Wilbert J Heeringa, Heike E Schoormann
The present study compares the acoustic realization of Saterland Frisian, Low German, and High German vowels by trilingual speakers in the Saterland. The Saterland is a rural municipality in northwestern Germany. It offers the unique opportunity to study trilingualism with languages that differ both by their vowel inventories and by external factors, such as their social status and the autonomy of their speech communities. The objective of the study was to examine whether the trilingual speakers differ in their acoustic realizations of vowel categories shared by the three languages and whether those differences can be interpreted as effects of either the differences in the vowel systems or of external factors...
August 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861705/multistep-translation-and-cultural-adaptation-of-the-penn-acoustic-neuroma-quality-of-life-scale-for-german-speaking-patients
#13
Julia Kristin, Marcel Fabian Glaas, Igor Stenin, Angelika Albrecht, Thomas Klenzner, Jörg Schipper, Katrin Eysel-Gosepath
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the health-related quality of life (HRQOL) for patients with vestibular schwannoma (VS) has garnered increasing interest. In German-speaking countries, there is no disease-specific questionnaire available similar to the "Penn Acoustic Neuroma Quality-of-life Scale" (PANQOL). METHOD: We translated the PANQOL for German-speaking patients based on a multistep protocol that included not only a forward-backward translation but also linguistic and sociocultural adaptations...
August 31, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28856383/side-effects-of-radiotherapy-in-breast-cancer-patients-the-internet-as-an-information-source
#14
S Janssen, L Käsmann, F B Fahlbusch, D Rades, D Vordermark
AIM: Breast cancer is the most common cancer type among women necessitating adjuvant radiotherapy. As the Internet has become a major source of information for cancer patients, this study aimed to evaluate the quality of websites giving information on side effects of radiotherapy for breast cancer patients. METHODS: A patients' search for the English terms "breast cancer - radiotherapy - side effects" and the corresponding German terms "Brustkrebs - Strahlentherapie - Nebenwirkungen" was carried out twice (5 months apart) using the search engine Google...
August 30, 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855141/the-effect-of-local-and-systemic-statin-use-as-an-adjunct-to-non-surgical-and-surgical-periodontal-therapy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Kristina Bertl, Arlinda Parllaku, Nikolaos Pandis, Kåre Buhlin, Björn Klinge, Andreas Stavropoulos
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of local and/or systemic statin use as an adjunct to non-surgical and/or surgical periodontal therapy. DATA: Literature search according to PRISMA guidelines with the following eligibility criteria: (a) English or German language; (b) interventional studies; (c) statins as monotherapy or as an adjunct to non-surgical and/or surgical treatment of periodontitis; (d) clinical and/or radiographic treatment effect size of statin intake reported...
August 27, 2017: Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28847021/characterisation-and-safety-of-intraperitoneal-perioperative-administration-of-antibacterial-agents-a-systematic-review
#16
Siv Fonnes, Barbara Juliane Holzknecht, Magnus Arpi, Jacob Rosenberg
Background Intraperitoneal drug administration applies treatment at the site of diseases with gynaecological, urological, or gastrointestinal origin. The objective of this systematic review was to investigate perioperative intraperitoneal administration of antibacterial agents to characterise the drugs used and their safety profile. Methods A protocol was registered at PROSPERO (CRD42016038956). A systematic review was conducted and reported according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)...
August 28, 2017: Drug Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833465/barrier-free-communication-in-maternity-care-of-allophone-migrants-bridge-study-protocol
#17
Paola Origlia Ikhilor, Gabriele Hasenberg, Elisabeth Kurth, Barbara Stocker Kalberer, Eva Cignacco, Jessica Pehlke-Milde
AIM: To describe communication and access barriers encountered by allophone women of different migration backgrounds in the Swiss maternity care services, from the perspective of users, health care professionals and intercultural interpreters. BACKGROUND: In addition to the challenges of maternal adjustment, pregnant migrant women must also deal with an unfamiliar health service system. Some must overcome language barriers and the stress of uncertain residence status...
August 23, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833400/how-cross-linguistic-differences-in-the-grammaticalization-of-future-time-reference-influence-intertemporal-choices
#18
Dieter Thoma, Agnieszka E Tytus
According to Chen's (2013) Linguistic Savings Hypothesis (LSH), our native language affects our economic behavior. We present three studies investigating how cross-linguistic differences in the grammaticalization of future-time reference (FTR) affect intertemporal choices. In a series of decision scenarios about finance and health issues, we let speakers of altogether five languages that represent FTR with increasing strength, that is, Chinese, German, Danish, Spanish, and English, choose between hypothetical sooner-smaller and later-larger reward options...
August 22, 2017: Cognitive Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827247/comparing-provision-and-appropriateness-of-health-care-between-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-in-germany-using-the-example-of-neuraxial-anaesthesia-during-labour-cross-sectional-study
#19
Oliver Razum, Katharina Reiss, Jürgen Breckenkamp, Lutz Kaufner, Silke Brenne, Kayvan Bozorgmehr, Theda Borde, Matthias David
OBJECTIVE: Research on health services for immigrants has mostly been concerned with access barriers but rarely with appropriateness and responsiveness of care. We assessed whether appropriateness and responsiveness of care depend on migration status, using provision of neuraxial anaesthesia (NA) during labour as indicator. In relation to their migration status, we analysed whether (1) women undergoing elective or secondary/urgent secondary caesarean sections (ESCS) appropriately receive NA (instead of general anaesthesia), (2) women delivering vaginally appropriately receive NA and (3) women objecting to NA, for example, for religious reasons, may deliver vaginally without receiving NA (provider responsiveness)...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823018/prevalence-and-nature-of-potential-drug-drug-interactions-among-kidney-transplant-patients-in-a-german-intensive-care-unit
#20
Julia Amkreutz, Alexander Koch, Lukas Buendgens, Anja Muehlfeld, Christian Trautwein, Albrecht Eisert
Background Complex polypharmacotherapy makes kidney transplant patients vulnerable to drug-drug interactions (DDIs). Objective To study prevalence and nature of potential DDIs (pDDIs) in kidney transplant patients. Setting Internal medicine ICU, University Hospital RWTH Aachen. Method In this retrospective observational study, pDDIs were identified in the first week after transplant from 1999 to 2010. Patients aged at least 18 years with prescription of at least two drugs were included. Patients with incomplete data were excluded...
August 19, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
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