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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642727/-learning-science-is-about-facts-and-language-learning-is-about-being-discursive-an-empirical-investigation-of-students-disciplinary-beliefs-in-the-context-of-argumentation
#1
Patricia Heitmann, Martin Hecht, Ronny Scherer, Julia Schwanewedel
Argumentation is considered crucial in numerous disciplines in schools and universities because it constitutes an important proficiency in peoples' daily and professional lives. However, it is unclear whether argumentation is understood and practiced in comparable ways across disciplines. This study consequently examined empirically how students perceive argumentation in science and (first) language lessons. Specifically, we investigated students' beliefs about the relevance of discourse and the role of facts...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641282/health-related-genetic-direct-to-consumer-tests-in-the-german-setting-the-available-offer-and-the-potential-implications-for-a-solidarily-financed-health-care-system
#2
Marika Plöthner, Mike Klora, Daniel Rudolph, Johann-Matthias Graf von der Schulenburg
BACKGROUND: The global genetic direct-to-consumer (DTC) market will reach a volume of USD 230 billion in 2018. The expenditures for this genetic analysis are borne by the customer, whereas consequential costs may arise for a solidarily financed system. In a first step, it is essential to gain an overview of the currently available offer in the German setting. METHODS: In April 2016, we conducted a systematic internet search in the Google search engine. In November 2016, we updated the information of the webpages in terms of country, language, types of health-related tests, additional offer of non-health-related DTC test, information about sensitivity and specificity, certification and accreditation, costs as well as reference to German Act on Genetic Testing...
June 23, 2017: Public Health Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636581/the-psylog-mobile-application-development-of-a-tool-for-the-assessment-and-monitoring-of-side-effects-of-psychotropic-medication
#3
Martina Rojnic Kuzman, Olivier Andlauer, Kai Burmeister, Boris Dvoracek, Rebekka Lencer, Katja Koelkebeck, Alexander Nawka, Florian Riese
Mobile health interventions are regarded as affordable and accessible tools that can enhance standard psychiatric care. As part of the mHealth Psycho-Educational Intervention Versus Antipsychotic-Induced Side Effects (mPIVAS) project (www.psylog.eu), we developed the mobile application "PsyLOG" based on mobile "smartphone" technology to monitor antipsychotic-induced side effects. The aim of this paper is to describe the rationale and development of the PsyLOG and its clinical use. The PsyLOG application runs on smartphones with Android operating system...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632832/-a-hundred-years-since-the-beginning-of-the-great-war-trichinosis-outbreak-in-dresden-marine-in-chile-chronicle-of-an-announced-infection
#4
Italo Fernández, Alejandro Mihovilovich
In commemoration of one hundred years of the beginning of World War I, the occurrence of an outbreak of trichinosis in the crew of the SMS Dresden, a German ship that participated in that world conflagration, is re-viewed. In September 1915, while the sailors of SMS Dresden were forcibly detained on Isla Quiriquina, Bío Bío Region, Chile, 60 individuals became ill. The cause of the outbreak was the consumption of sausages made from pork infected with the parasite Trichinella spiralis. There was a fatal case...
April 2017: Revista Chilena de Infectología: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad Chilena de Infectología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627923/examination-of-the-triarchic-assessment-procedure-for-inconsistent-responding-in-six-non-english-language-samples
#5
Shannon E Kelley, Josanne D M van Dongen, M Brent Donnellan, John F Edens, Hedwig Eisenbarth, Andrea Fossati, Katarina Howner, Antonella Somma, Karolina Sörman
The Triarchic Assessment Procedure for Inconsistent Responding (TAPIR; Mowle et al., 2016) was recently developed to identify inattentiveness or comprehension difficulties that may compromise the validity of responses on the Triarchic Psychopathy Measure (TriPM; Patrick, 2010). The TAPIR initially was constructed and cross-validated using exclusively English-speaking participants from the United States; however, research using the TriPM has been increasingly conducted internationally, with numerous foreign language translations of the measure emerging...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606010/orthographic-input-and-the-acquisition-of-german-final-devoicing-by-native-speakers-of-english
#6
Rachel Hayes-Harb, Kelsey Brown, Bruce L Smith
We present an artificial lexicon study designed to test the hypothesis that native English speakers experience interference from written input when acquiring surface voicing in German words. Native English speakers were exposed to German-like words (e.g., /ʃtɑit/ and /ʃtɑid/, both pronounced [ʃtɑit]) along with pictured meanings, and in some cases, their written forms (e.g., <Steit> and <Steid>). At test, participants whose input included the written forms were more likely to produce final voiced obstruents when naming the pictures, indicating that access to the written forms in the input interfered with their acquisition of target-like surface forms...
June 1, 2017: Language and Speech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603383/foreign-language-reading-and-spelling-in-gifted-students-with-dyslexia-in-secondary-education
#7
Sietske van Viersen, Elise H de Bree, Lilian Kalee, Evelyn H Kroesbergen, Peter F de Jong
A few studies suggest that gifted children with dyslexia have better literacy skills than averagely intelligent children with dyslexia. This finding aligns with the hypothesis that giftedness-related factors provide compensation for poor reading. The present study investigated whether, as in the native language (NL), the level of foreign language (FL) literacy of gifted students with dyslexia is higher than the literacy level of averagely intelligent students with dyslexia and whether this difference can be accounted for by the difference in their NL literacy level...
2017: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602045/compression-therapy-for-venous-leg-ulcers-risk-factors-for-adverse-events-and-complications-contraindications-a-review-of-present-guidelines
#8
A Andriessen, J Apelqvist, G Mosti, H Partsch, C Gonska, M Abel
INTRODUCTION: The adequate use of compression in venous leg ulcer treatment is equally important to patients as well as clinicians. Currently there is a lack of clarity on contra-indications, risk factors, adverse events and complications, when applying compression therapy for venous leg ulcer patients. METHODS: The project aimed to optimize prevention, treatment and maintenance approaches by recognizing contra-indications, risk factors, adverse events and complications, when applying compression therapy for venous leg ulcer patients...
June 11, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601726/identification-and-quantification-of-synthetic-cannabinoids-in-spice-like-herbal-mixtures-update-of-the-german-situation-in-early-2017
#9
Ludger Ernst, Kai Brandhorst, Uli Papke, Anna Altrogge, Simone Zodel, Nico Langer, Till Beuerle
In February 2017, eleven "Spice-like" products (14 individual packages including replicates) from German language internet shops were analyzed. In total, three different synthetic cannabinoids (SCs) were identified by gas-chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), namely MDMB-CHMICA and two, so far only partially described compounds, 5F-Cumyl-P7AICA and Cumyl-PeGACLONE. All analyzed products contained only one synthetic cannabinoid as active ingredient. 5F-Cumyl-P7AICA and Cumyl-PeGACLONE were subject to an in-depth characterization by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), electron ionization mass spectrometry (EI-MS), electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry (ESI-MS/MS), infrared and ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy (IR and UV/Vis)...
May 26, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590348/incidence-of-adult-respiratory-distress-syndrome-ards-in-trauma-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-over-a-period-of-three-decades
#10
Roman Pfeifer, Nicole Heussen, Emilia Michalewicz, Ralf-Dieter Hilgers, Hans-Christoph Pape
BACKGROUND: In trauma patients, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Changes in diagnostics, management and treatment may have influenced the incidence of ARDS. Therefore, the purpose of this manuscript is to evaluate whether there is a difference in the incidence of posttraumatic ARDS 1) over time, 2) attributable to geographic distribution, and 3) related to admitting surgical subspecialities. METHODS: A comprehensive search of articles published in English and German language was conducted using PubMed, MEDLINE, and the ISI Web of Science...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585056/time-course-of-syllabic-and-sub-syllabic-processing-in-mandarin-word-production-evidence-from-the-picture-word-interference-paradigm
#11
Jie Wang, Andus Wing-Kuen Wong, Hsuan-Chih Chen
The time course of phonological encoding in Mandarin monosyllabic word production was investigated by using the picture-word interference paradigm. Participants were asked to name pictures in Mandarin while visual distractor words were presented before, at, or after picture onset (i.e., stimulus-onset asynchrony/SOA = -100, 0, or +100 ms, respectively). Compared with the unrelated control, the distractors sharing atonal syllables with the picture names significantly facilitated the naming responses at -100- and 0-ms SOAs...
June 5, 2017: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582313/outbreaks-in-the-neonatal-icu-a-review-of-the-literature
#12
Julia Johnson, Caroline Quach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neonates in the neonatal ICU (NICU) are uniquely vulnerable to colonization and infection with pathogens such as multidrug resistant Gram-negative bacteria, which in turn are associated with increased infection-related morbidities and higher case-fatality rates. We reviewed the English, French, and German language literature published between 2015 and 2017, for reports of NICU outbreaks. RECENT FINDINGS: A total of 39 outbreaks in NICUs were reported with Gram-negative bacteria (n = 21; 54%) causing most, and extended spectrum beta-lactamase-producing organisms being the most frequent resistance mechanism reported (n = 5)...
June 2, 2017: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581911/evaluation-of-a-cat-database-and-expert-appraisal-of-cats-developed-by-students
#13
Cindy Kasch, Peggy Haimerl, Wolfgang Heuwieser, Sebastian Arlt
Five steps have been recommended to provide evidence-based patient care: formulating a clinical question, searching for literature, evaluating the validity and applicability of results, implementing results into practice, and assessing if the new evidence has led to improved health care. Students can be trained in these steps by the development of knowledge summaries such as critically appraised topics (CATs). The aim of the present project was the development, use, and evaluation of a German-language CAT database and an appraisal of the quality of CATs developed by students...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580681/recently-learned-foreign-abstract-and-concrete-nouns-are-represented-in-distinct-cortical-networks-similar-to-the-native-language
#14
Katja M Mayer, Manuela Macedonia, Katharina von Kriegstein
In the native language, abstract and concrete nouns are represented in distinct areas of the cerebral cortex. Currently, it is unknown whether this is also the case for abstract and concrete nouns of a foreign language. Here, we taught adult native speakers of German 45 abstract and 45 concrete nouns of a foreign language. After learning the nouns for 5 days, participants performed a vocabulary translation task during functional magnetic resonance imaging. Translating abstract nouns in contrast to concrete nouns elicited responses in regions that are also responsive to abstract nouns in the native language: the left inferior frontal gyrus and the left middle and superior temporal gyri...
June 5, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575077/a-productive-clash-of-perspectives-the-interplay-between-articles-and-authors-perspectives-and-their-impact-on-wikipedia-edits-in-a-controversial-domain
#15
Jens Jirschitzka, Joachim Kimmerle, Iassen Halatchliyski, Julia Hancke, Detmar Meurers, Ulrike Cress
This study examined predictors of the development of Wikipedia articles that deal with controversial issues. We chose a corpus of articles in the German-language version of Wikipedia about alternative medicine as a representative controversial issue. We extracted edits made until March 2013 and categorized them using a supervised machine learning setup as either being pro conventional medicine, pro alternative medicine, or neutral. Based on these categories, we established relevant variables, such as the perspectives of articles and of authors at certain points in time, the (im)balance of an article's perspective, the number of non-neutral edits per article, the number of authors per article, authors' heterogeneity per article, and incongruity between authors' and articles' perspectives...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570312/validation-of-the-ludwigshafen-german-version-of-the-burn-specific-health-scale-brief
#16
Annette Stolle, Sabine Ripper, Janina Magdanz, Bernd Höner, Victoria Struckmann, Ulrich Kneser, Leila Harhaus
The Burn Specific Health Scale-Brief (BSHS-B) is one of the most commonly used instruments to measure quality of life after burns. Our aim was to establish and to provide a German version of the BSHS-B for all German-speaking burn facilities. Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the original English version into the German language was conducted. In a pilot study, 20 burn patients qualitatively validated the translated version concerning comprehensibility and content validity. The final version was then quantitatively validated by 364 patients who were treated in our burn center between 2011 and 2015...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545785/somatization-among-persons-with-turkish-origin-results-of-the-pretest-of-the-german-national-cohort-study
#17
Eva Morawa, Nico Dragano, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus, Tilman Brand, Yesim Erim
OBJECTIVE: Despite the emerging need to examine mental health of immigrants, there are no investigations designed to analyze representative samples in Germany. The aim of the present study was to explore the severity of somatic symptoms/somatization among a sample of considerable size consisting of persons with Turkish origin. We studied whether somatization was associated with sociodemographic and migration-related characteristics. METHODS: This examination was part of a pretest for a large national epidemiological cohort study in Germany...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544920/acquisition-of-who-question-comprehension-in-german-children-with-hearing-loss
#18
Eva Wimmer, Monika Rothweiler, Martina Penke
For children with sensorineural hearing loss the ability to understand wh-questions might be particularly challenging because they often have only restricted access to spoken language input during optimal periods of language acquisition. In previous research it has been suggested that this restricted input during critical stages in language acquisition might lead to syntactic deficits that persist into adolescence. In this study we want to pursue this issue by investigating the comprehension of wh-questions in German children with bilateral sensorineural hearing loss...
May 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540511/timed-written-picture-naming-in-14-european-languages
#19
Mark Torrance, Guido Nottbusch, Rui A Alves, Barbara Arfé, Lucile Chanquoy, Evgeny Chukharev-Hudilainen, Ioannis Dimakos, Raquel Fidalgo, Jukka Hyönä, Ómar I Jóhannesson, George Madjarov, Dennis N Pauly, Per Henning Uppstad, Luuk van Waes, Michael Vernon, Åsa Wengelin
We describe the Multilanguage Written Picture Naming Dataset. This gives trial-level data and time and agreement norms for written naming of the 260 pictures of everyday objects that compose the colorized Snodgrass and Vanderwart picture set (Rossion & Pourtois in Perception, 33, 217-236, 2004). Adult participants gave keyboarded responses in their first language under controlled experimental conditions (N = 1,274, with subsamples responding in Bulgarian, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Icelandic, Italian, Norwegian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, and Swedish)...
May 24, 2017: Behavior Research Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540347/interdisciplinary-management-of-head-and-neck-vascular-anomalies-clinical-presentation-diagnostic-findings-and-minimalinvasive-therapies
#20
REVIEW
Maliha Sadick, Walter A Wohlgemuth, Roland Huelse, Bettina Lange, Thomas Henzler, Stefan O Schoenberg, Haneen Sadick
OBJECTIVES: Vascular anomalies are included in the 30 000 rare diseases worldwide affecting less than 5/10 000 people. Depending on their morphology and biological properties, they can cause varied disorders with organ involvement. Almost 60% of vascular anomalies have a predilection for the head and neck region in children. Clinical and scientific effort to establish interdisciplinary management concepts for vascular anomalies is increasing worldwide. METHODS: Especially in the head and neck region, clinical impairment and organ dysfunction is associated with cosmetic issues that may represent a physical and psychological issue for the patient...
2017: European Journal of Radiology Open
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