keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

German

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931181/-refractive-lens-exchange
#1
Fritz H Hengerer, Ina Conrad-Hengerer
In refractive surgery the removal of the natural lens followed by implantation of an artificial intraocular lens has been an established method to treat refractive errors. The term "clear lens exchange" separates this approach from cataract surgery, where a cloudy lens has to be removed. With regard to currently available intraocular lens technologies, there is a wide range to correct myopia, hyperopia as well as astigmatism. Trifocal or extended depth-of-focus lenses (EDOF) even with a toric component offer the patients a potential benefit to further address presbyopia, respectively...
September 20, 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930718/estimating-usual-intake-in-the-2nd-bavarian-food-consumption-survey-comparison-of-the-results-derived-by-the-national-cancer-institute-method-and-a-basic-individual-means-approach
#2
Nina Wawro, Christina Kleiser, Stephanie Himmerich, Kurt Gedrich, Heiner Boeing, Sven Knueppel, Jakob Linseisen
BACKGROUND: The valid estimation of the usual dietary intake remains a challenge till date. We applied the method suggested by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to data from the 2nd Bavarian Food Consumption Survey (BVS II) and compared it to an individual means approach. METHODS: Within the cross-sectional BVS II, 1,050 Bavarian residents aged 13-80 years participated in a personal interview and completed three 24-h dietary recalls by telephone interview. For the 13 main food groups and 23 subgroups the usual intake was calculated by (1) an individual means approach and (2) by the NCI method...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930297/estimated-radiation-exposure-of-german-commercial-airline-cabin-crew-in-the-years-1960-2003-modeled-using-dose-registry-data-for-2004-2015
#3
Daniel Wollschläger, Gaël Paul Hammer, Thomas Schafft, Steffen Dreger, Maria Blettner, Hajo Zeeb
Exposure to ionizing radiation of cosmic origin is an occupational risk factor in commercial aircrew. In a historic cohort of 26,774 German aircrew, radiation exposure was previously estimated only for cockpit crew using a job-exposure matrix (JEM). Here, a new method for retrospectively estimating cabin crew dose is developed. The German Federal Radiation Registry (SSR) documents individual monthly effective doses for all aircrew. SSR-provided doses on 12,941 aircrew from 2004 to 2015 were used to model cabin crew dose as a function of age, sex, job category, solar activity, and male pilots' dose; the mean annual effective dose was 2...
September 20, 2017: Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929783/use-of-single-view-digital-breast-tomosynthesis-dbt-and-ultrasound-vs-additional-views-and-ultrasound-for-the-assessment-of-screen-detected-abnormalities-german-multi-reader-study
#4
Sylvia H Heywang-Köbrunner, Astrid Hacker, Alexander Jänsch, Ronald Kates, Sabina Wulz-Horber
Background Data on the value of digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) for further assessment of screen-detected lesions are still limited. Purpose To compare screening mammography, single-view DBT and ultrasound-information (TS) vs. screening mammography, additional views and ultrasound-information (AV) for assessment of screen-detected abnormalities. Material and Methods The use of wide-angle DBT for screen-detected, soft-tissue abnormalities requiring additional views was investigated: 241 cases (206 benign and 35 malignant lesions), verified by histology or two-year follow-up, were read by ten readers as TS and as AV sets, yielding 2410 diagnoses for each set...
January 1, 2017: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929511/dermatotoxicology-of-sulfur-mustard-historical-perspectives-from-world-war-i
#5
REVIEW
Austin Jiang, Howard Maibach
Sulfur mustard has been used as a chemical warfare agent for the past century. After its introduction by the Germans in World War I, investigators quickly began studying its impact on the human body including its deleterious effects on skin. This review focuses on two groups in particular who conducted experiments from 1917 to 1918: the United States Army at the American University Experiment Station Laboratories and Torald Sollmann at Western Reserve University. Through this work, these researchers proved far ahead of their time by anticipating dermatologic phenomena not described in the literature until later in the twentieth century...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Applied Toxicology: JAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929198/-substance-abuse-detection-in-substitution-therapy-oral-fluid-versus-urine-screening
#6
Johannes Stein, Max Geraedts
BACKGROUND: A patient's health in an opioid maintenance program is potentially endangered due to concurrent consumption of drugs. Therefore, the German Medical Association requests evidence of compliant substitute intake while type and frequency of drug screening is chosen by the physician. This study comparatively assessed the feasibility and potential advantage of oral fluid drug testing versus urine screening in day-to-day practice. METHODS: Urine and oral fluid-samples of a randomly chosen third of a total of 361 patients, treated in four different practices in a major German city, were tested...
September 19, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928687/the-development-and-preliminary-validation-of-a-brief-questionnaire-of-psychopathic-personality-traits
#7
Sonja Etzler, Sonja Rohrmann
The measurement of psychopathic personality traits via self-report has become an important tool in legal psychology. One prominent instrument is the Psychopathic Personality Inventory (PPI; Lilienfeld and Andrews, 1996), a well-validated questionnaire that is widely applied in many countries. In Germany, it is the only questionnaire assessing psychopathic traits that is available from a publisher with a manual edited for easy administration. Nevertheless, the PPI shows certain shortcomings: the high number of 154 items makes it less economic, it was developed on a non-representative undergraduate sample, and studies revealed an inconsistent factor structure...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928043/treating-postpartum-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-primary-care-pediatrics
#8
Polina Umylny, Miguelina German, Alexa Lantiere
Postpartum psychiatric disorders represent a significant public health problem that has not been readily addressed, particularly in the primary care setting. As maternal mood and anxiety difficulties are associated with a number of adverse outcomes for the mother, her offspring and the family system, addressing these concerns during the perinatal period is of critical importance. Although researchers and clinicians have become increasingly aware of the problem, postpartum mood and anxiety disorders (PMADs) remain widely unrecognized and poorly understood by both patients and providers...
September 16, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927519/drumming-effect-on-anxiety
#9
Jennifer Deraney, Meryl Davis, Heather B Evers, Kimberly German, Janet C Hamill, Beverly S Karas-Irwin, Maria C Mazzer, Richard E Shaw
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927430/estimating-the-contribution-of-mortality-selection-to-the-east-west-german-mortality-convergence
#10
Tobias C Vogt, Trifon I Missov
BACKGROUND: Before German reunification, old-age mortality was considerably higher in East Germany than West Germany but converged quickly afterward. Previous studies attributed this rapid catch-up to improved living conditions. We add to this discussion by quantifying for the first time the impact of mortality selection. METHODS: We use a gamma-Gompertz mortality model to estimate the contribution of selection to the East-West German mortality convergence before and after reunification...
September 19, 2017: Population Health Metrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926868/polycystic-ovary-syndrome-pcos-in-juvenile-and-adult-type-1-diabetes-in-a-german-austrian-cohort
#11
Christina Reinauer, Esther Bollow, Elke Fröhlich-Reiterer, Katharina Laubner, Dominik Bergis, Christof Schöfl, Hans-Peter Kempe, Michael Hummel, Pia Hennes, Katja Gollisch, Holger Haberland, Nicolin Datz, Thomas Meissner, Reinhard W Holl
Context While an association between PCOS and type 2 diabetes is well established, to date there have been few data on clinical care of type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients with PCOS. Objective The aim of our study was to characterize T1D patients with the comorbidity of PCOS within the DPV cohort with regard to diabetes phenotype, therapy and metabolic control. Design and Setting Clinical data from the prospective German/Austrian DPV cohort on patients with T1D and documented PCOS (n=76) were compared to female T1D controls (n=32,566) in reproductive age...
September 19, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926858/-psychometric-properties-of-the-german-version-of-the-sibling-perception-questionnaire-spq
#12
Ines Baumann, Mandy Niemitz, Lutz Goldbeck
The Sibling Perception Questionnaire (SPQ) measures the impact a cancer disease of a child has on a sibling's interpersonal relations in the family, communication, intrapersonal perceptions and fear of the disease. Aim of this study was the psychometric evaluation of the German version of the SPQ. For this purpose, data of 216 healthy siblings including 164 self-reports and 212 parent reports were gathered. For further analyses the 4 subscales "interpersonal difficulties", "intrapersonal difficulties", "open communication" and "fear of the disease" with overall 23 items were evaluated...
September 19, 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926779/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-associated-injuries-in-still-newborns-infants-and-toddlers-in-a-german-forensic-collective
#13
B Ondruschka, C Baier, M Siekmeyer, C Buschmann, J Dreßler, M Bernhard
INTRODUCTION: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) may lead to injuries. Forensic experts are sometimes confronted with claims that fatal injuries were caused by chest compressions during CPR rather than by assaults. We want to answer, how often CPR-associated injuries are present in younger children and if they may mimic injuries caused by abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All autopsy records of the Institute of Legal Medicine in Leipzig, Germany in a 6-year study period were used (2011-2016)...
September 12, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926403/pathways-from-sexual-stigma-to-incident-hiv-and-sexually-transmitted-infections-among-nigerian-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#14
Cristina Rodriguez-Hart, Rebecca G Nowak, Rashelle Musci, Danielle German, Ifeanyi Orazulike, Blessing Kayode, Hongjie Liu, Oye Gureje, Trevor A Crowell, Stefan Baral, Man Charurat
OBJECTIVES: Sexual stigma affecting men who have sex with men (MSM) in Nigeria may be an important driver of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), but potential mechanisms through which this occurs are not well understood. This study assessed the contributions of suicidal ideation and sexual risk behaviors to causal pathways between stigma and HIV/STIs. DESIGN: Data were collected from the TRUST/RV368 Study, a prospective cohort of 1,480 MSM from Abuja and Lagos, Nigeria...
September 18, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926157/evaluation-of-a-palliative-and-hospice-care-telephone-hotline-for-severely-affected-multiple-sclerosis-patients-and-their-caregivers
#15
Julia Strupp, Bernadette Groebe, Andrea Knies, Michaela Mai, Raymond Voltz, Heidrun Golla
BACKGROUND: Palliative and hospice care (PHC) still highly focus on cancer patients. OBJECTIVES: To connect severely affected Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients and caregivers to PHC, a nationwide hotline was implemented facilitating access to PHC. METHODS: The hotline was designed in cooperation with the German Multiple Sclerosis Society. Self-disclosed information given by callers was documented using case report forms supplemented by personal notes...
September 19, 2017: European Journal of Neurology: the Official Journal of the European Federation of Neurological Societies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925415/quality-requirements-for-electronic-health-record-systems-a-japanese-german-information-management-perspective
#16
Alfred Winter, Katsuhiko Takabayashi, Franziska Jahn, Eizen Kimura, Rolf Engelbrecht, Reinhold Haux, Masayuki Honda, Ursula H Hübner, Sozo Inoue, Christian D Kohl, Takehiro Matsumoto, Yasushi Matsumura, Kengo Miyo, Naoki Nakashima, Hans-Ulrich Prokosch, Martin Staemmler
BACKGROUND: For more than 30 years, there has been close cooperation between Japanese and German scientists with regard to information systems in health care. Collaboration has been formalized by an agreement between the respective scientific associations. Following this agreement, two joint workshops took place to explore the similarities and differences of electronic health record systems (EHRS) against the background of the two national healthcare systems that share many commonalities...
August 7, 2017: Methods of Information in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925071/assessment-of-counselling-for-acute-diarrhoea-in-german-pharmacies-a-simulated-patient-study
#17
Bernhard Langer, Elisa Bull, Tina Burgsthaler, Julia Glawe, Monique Schwobeda, Karen Simon
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the quality of counselling provided for acute diarrhoea and to evaluate the role of the patient's approach and different user groups in determining the outcome of counselling. METHODS: The simulated patient methodology was used in all 21 community pharmacies in a north-eastern German city. Four different scenarios related to self-medication of acute diarrhoea were developed and used in all the pharmacies (a total of 84 visits)...
September 19, 2017: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924688/the-barrier-to-informed-choice-in-cancer-screening-statistical-illiteracy-in-physicians-and-patients
#18
Odette Wegwarth, Gerd Gigerenzer
An efficient health care requires both informed doctors and patients. Our current healthcare system falls short on both counts. Most doctors and patients do not understand the available medical evidence. To illustrate the extent of the problem in the setting of cancer screening: In a representative sample of some 5000 women in nine European countries, 92% overestimated the reduction of breast cancer mortality by mammography by a factor of 10-200, or did not know. For a similar sample of about 5000 men with respect to PSA screening, this number was 89%...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924687/comskil-communication-training-in-oncology-adaptation-to-german-cancer-care-settings
#19
Tim J Hartung, David Kissane, Anja Mehnert
Medical communication is a skill which can be learned and taught and which can substantially improve treatment outcomes, especially if patients' communication preferences are taken into account. Here, we give an overview of communication training research and outline the COMSKIL program as a state-of-the-art communication skills training in oncology. COMSKIL has a solid theoretical foundation and teaches core elements of medical communication in up to ten fully operationalized modules. These address typical situations ranging from breaking bad news to responding to difficult emotions, shared decision-making, and communicating via interpreters...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924666/brain-slice-staining-and-preparation-for-three-dimensional-super-resolution-microscopy
#20
Christopher L German, Manasa V Gudheti, Annette E Fleckenstein, Erik M Jorgensen
Localization microscopy techniques-such as photoactivation localization microscopy (PALM), fluorescent PALM (FPALM), ground state depletion (GSD), and stochastic optical reconstruction microscopy (STORM)-provide the highest precision for single-molecule localization currently available. However, localization microscopy has been largely limited to cell cultures due to the difficulties that arise in imaging thicker tissue sections. Sample fixation and antibody staining, background fluorescence, fluorophore photoinstability, light scattering in thick sections, and sample movement create significant challenges for imaging intact tissue...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
keyword
keyword
51430
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"