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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28337856/contribution-of-snacks-to-dietary-intakes-of-young-children-in-the-united-states
#1
Lenka H Shriver, Barbara J Marriage, Tama D Bloch, Colleen K Spees, Samantha A Ramsay, Rosanna P Watowicz, Christopher A Taylor
Nutritional quality of children's diets is a public health priority in the fight against childhood obesity and chronic diseases. The main purpose of this study was to determine contribution of snacks to energy and nutrient intakes and to identify leading snack food sources of energy, total fat, and added sugars amongst young children in the United States. Using the 2005-2012 NHANES data, dietary intakes of 2- to 5-year-old children were analysed from a parent-reported 24-hour dietary recall (n = 3,429). Snacking occasions were aggregated to determine the proportion of total food/beverage intake obtained from snacks, estimate energy, and nutrient intakes, and identify the leading snack food sources of energy, added sugars, and total fat...
March 23, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314423/dental-and-orofacial-injuries
#2
REVIEW
Paul Piccininni, Anthony Clough, Ray Padilla, Gabriella Piccininni
Oral and facial injuries are very common in sport, and can be very expensive to treat. Many of these injuries are preventable with proper pre-competition assessment and suitable well-designed protection. Prompt sideline identification and management of orofacial injuries and appropriate follow-up are crucial to successful outcomes. There have been significant recent advances in both trauma management and mouth guard design and fabrication techniques. Athletes have a unique set of challenges-including collisions, finances, travel and training, dehydration, sport beverages, and high carbohydrate diets-that may compromise their oral health...
April 2017: Clinics in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283044/fun-influence-and-competence-a-mixed-methods-study-of-prerequisites-for-high-school-students-participation-in-physical-education
#3
Eirik Abildsnes, Gudrun Rohde, Sveinung Berntsen, Tonje H Stea
BACKGROUND: Many adolescents do not reach the recommended levels of physical activity (PA), and students attending vocational studies are less committed to take part in physical education (PE) than other students. The purpose of the present study was twofold: 1) to examine differences in physical activity, diet, smoking habits, sleep and screen time among Norwegian vocational high school students who selected either a PE model focusing on PA skills, technique and improvement of physical performance ("Sports enjoyment") or more on health, play and having fun when participating in PE lessons ("Motion enjoyment"), and 2) to explore the students' experiences with PE programs...
March 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277304/low-adherence-to-dietary-recommendations-in-adult-childhood-cancer-survivors
#4
Fabiën Belle, Laura Wengenroth, Annette Weiss, Grit Sommer, Maja Beck Popovic, Marc Ansari, Murielle Bochud, Claudia Kuehni
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Poor diet may increase the risk that childhood cancer survivors (CCS) will suffer from chronic disease. We compared adherence to national dietary recommendations between CCS, their siblings and the Swiss population, identified determinants of adherence, and assessed the association of adherence with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk profiles. METHODS: As part of the Swiss Childhood Cancer Survivor Study (SCCSS), a questionnaire was sent to all Swiss resident CCS aged <21 years at diagnosis, who survived ≥5 years and were 16-45 years old at the time of the survey...
October 20, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267247/validity-of-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-the-danish-cohort-diet-cancer-and-health-next-generations
#5
Lene Lerche, Anja Olsen, Kristina Elin Nielsen Petersen, Agnetha Linn Rostgaard-Hansen, Lars Ove Dragsted, Nikolai Baastrup Nordsborg, Anne Tjønneland, Jytte Halkjaer
Valid assessments of physical activity (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) is essential in epidemiological studies to define dose-response relationship for e.g. formulating thorough recommendations of an appropriate pattern of PA to maintain good health. The aim of this study was to validate the Danish step test, the physical activity questionnaire Active-Q and self-rated fitness against directly measured maximal oxygen uptake (VO2 max). A population based subsample (n=125) was included from the 'Diet, Cancer and Health - Next Generations' (DCH-NG) cohort which is under establishment...
March 7, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264077/association-of-a-community-campaign-for-better-beverage-choices-with-beverage-purchases-from-supermarkets
#6
Marlene B Schwartz, Glenn E Schneider, Yoon-Young Choi, Xun Li, Jennifer Harris, Tatiana Andreyeva, Maia Hyary, Nicolette Highsmith Vernick, Lawrence J Appel
Importance: Data are needed to evaluate community interventions to reduce consumption of sugary drinks. Supermarket sales data can be used for this purpose. Objective: To compare beverage sales in Howard County, Maryland (HC), with sales in comparison stores in a contiguous state before and during a 3-year campaign to reduce consumption of sugary beverages. Design, Setting, and Partipicants: This observational experiment with a control group included 15 HC supermarkets and 17 comparison supermarkets...
March 6, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208847/effect-of-different-phases-of-menstrual-cycle-on-cardio-respiratory-efficiency-in-normal-overweight-and-obese-female-undergraduate-students
#7
Nazrin Samsudeen, Archana Rajagopalan
INTRODUCTION: The influence of obesity on cardio-respiratory efficiency in the various phases of menstrual cycle is not well understood until now. As majority of Indian women have a favourable attitude towards participation in sports it is significant to understand the variation in exercise performance during different phases of menstrual cycle to have an optimum performance. AIM: To evaluate the endurance capacity and cardio-respiratory responses in normal, obese and overweight female undergraduate students during different phases of menstrual cycle...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176000/multifactorial-logistic-regression-analysis-of-factors-associated-with-the-incidence-of-erosive-tooth-wear-among-adults-at-different-ages-in-tokyo
#8
Yuichi Kitasako, Y Sasaki, T Takagaki, A Sadr, J Tagami
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate factors associated with the incidence of erosive tooth wear (ETW) among adults at different ages in Tokyo using multifactorial logistic regression analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study sample consisted of a total of 1108 subjects aged 15 to 89 years in Tokyo, Japan. Two examiners evaluated ETW in a full-mouth recording. The subjects were asked to complete a self-administered daily diet, habit, and health condition questionnaire...
February 7, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149429/physiological-nutritional-and-performance-profiles-of-brazilian-jiu-jitsu-athletes
#9
Leonardo V Andreato, Jonatas Fs Santos, João Vdc Esteves, Valeria Lg Panissa, Ursula F Julio, Emerson Franchini
This study analysed the physiological, nutritional and performance profiles of athletes practicing Brazilian jiu-jitsu. To this end, 15 athletes that practiced Brazilian jiu-jitsu (aged: 28 ± 5 years; 8 brown belts and 7 black belts; training experience: 11 ± 4 years) underwent anthropometric measurements (body composition and somatotype), dietary evaluation (24 h recall) and physical fitness tests (movement time, dynamometer handgrip, kimono grip strength, vertical jump and sit-and-reach tests). The athletes had 12...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121323/ingestion-of-soy-whey-blended-protein-augments-sports-performance-and-ameliorates-exercise-induced-fatigue-in-a-rat-exercise-model
#10
Guangxu Ren, Suqing Yi, Hongru Zhang, Jing Wang
This study sought to determine the effects of soy-whey blended protein supplementation on sports performance and related biochemical parameters after long-term training. After a week of adaptation, eighteen 6-week-old male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to 3 groups: the standard chow diet plus whey protein (Whey) group, the standard chow diet plus soy-whey blended protein (BP) group and the standard chow diet only (control) group. Each group included 6 rats for the seven-week experiment. Before the experiment, the baseline values of body weight, grasping force and time to exhaustion due to the loaded-swimming test were recorded for each group...
January 25, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058459/-nutritional-supplements-in-sports-sense-nonsense-or-hazard
#11
Maria Kristina Parr, Sebastian Schmidtsdorff, Annette Sophie Kollmeier
The excessive sale of dietary supplements (DSs) has become a global multi-billion market as more and more people turn to DSs for a healthy lifestyle or for aesthetic reasons. DSs are also increasingly popular among athletes; 50-85% of recreational and 35-100% of competitive athletes report taking DSs, the latter more regularly. Unless pathological deficiencies are detected, the intake of DSs for recreational athletes is not recommended. While it may be advisable for competitive athletes to supplement their diet with certain macronutrients (proteins and carbohydrates), many micronutrients (vitamins, minerals) as well as allegedly performance enhancing DSs may only show minimal impact under specific conditions and for certain sports...
January 5, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054457/doping-control-analysis-of-lithium-in-horse-urine-and-plasma-by-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry
#12
Timmy L S Choi, Jenny K Y Wong, Emmie N M Ho, Wai Him Kwok, Gary N W Leung, Peter Curl, Terence S M Wan
Lithium salts are commonly prescribed to treat bipolar disorder in humans. They are effective for the treatment of acute mania and the prophylaxis of manic relapses through long-term use. Although there is no reported legitimate therapeutic use of lithium in horses, its potential mood-stabilizing effect, low cost, and ready availability make lithium salt a potential agent of abuse in equine sports, especially for equestrian competition horses. Lithium can be found in soil, plants, and water, as such it is naturally present in the equine body, thus a threshold is necessary to control its misuse in horses...
January 5, 2017: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050921/influence-of-dietary-acid-load-on-exercise-performance
#13
Catherine Applegate, Mackenzie Mueller, Krystle E Zuniga
Diet composition can affect systemic pH and acid-base regulation, which may in turn influence exercise performance. An acidic environment in the muscle impairs performance and contributes to fatigue; therefore, current trends in sports nutrition place importance on maximizing the alkalinity of the body with ergogenic aids and dietary strategies. This review examines the evidence on the effects of dietary manipulations on acid load and exercise performance. Ten studies that investigated the effect of high versus low dietary acid loads on athletic performance generally identified that low dietary acid loads increased plasma pH, but did not consistently improve exercise performance at maximal or submaximal exercise intensities...
January 4, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035585/effect-of-exercise-on-ovulation-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Osnat Hakimi, Luiz-Claudio Cameron
BACKGROUND: Infertility has been described as a devastating life crisis for couples, and has a particularly severe effect on women, in terms of anxiety and depression. Anovulation accounts for around 30% of female infertility, and while lifestyle factors such as physical activity are known to be important, the relationship between exercise and ovulation is multi-factorial and complex, and to date there are no clear recommendations concerning exercise regimes. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review was to systematically assess the effect of physical activity on ovulation and to discuss the possible mechanisms by which exercise acts to modulate ovulation in reproductive-age women...
December 29, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028987/evaluation-of-the-erosive-potential-of-selected-isotonic-drinks-in-vitro-studies
#15
Aneta Ostrowska, Witold Szymański, Łukasz Kołodziejczyk, Elżbieta Bołtacz-Rzepkowska
BACKGROUND: Isotonic drinks are an important component of the diet of athletes. Sports drinks cause the body to maintain proper hydration and supplement minerals which are lost in sweat during excessive exercising. Aside from the benefits of isotonic drinks, it is important to be aware of the harmful effects of citric acid within the products, which could cause enamel erosion. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to evaluate the erosive potential of sports drinks using confocal scanning laser microscopy (CLSM)...
November 2016: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857524/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-periodontal-disease-and-cardiovascular-disorders-a-questionnaire-based-study
#16
Anca Ionel, Ondine Lucaciu, Cosmina Bondor, Minodora Moga, Aranka Ilea, Claudia Feurdean, Dan Buhăţel, Lucia Hurubeanu, Radu Septimiu Câmpian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease, characterized by the loss of connective tissue and alveolar bone. There is an increasing evidence that periodontitis is associated with a number of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between periodontitis and certain systemic diseases by identifying their risk factors in a population from North-West Romania. METHODS: A questionnaire-based study was conducted on participants ≥45 years of age in 4 dentistry or family medicine practices from the Cluj and Bihor counties, Romania, over a time frame spanning two months...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848731/results-from-scotland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#17
John J Reilly, Avril Johnstone, Geraldine McNeill, Adrienne R Hughes
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to improve surveillance of physical activity (PA), facilitate international comparisons, and encourage evidence-informed PA and health policy. METHODS: Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card methodology was used: a search for data on child and adolescent PA and health published after the 2013 Scottish Report Card was carried out. Data sources were considered for grading if based on representative samples with prevalence estimates made using methods with low bias...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848718/results-from-sweden-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#18
Christine Delisle Nyström, Christel Larsson, Bettina Ehrenblad, Hanna Eneroth, Ulf Eriksson, Marita Friberg, Maria Hagströmer, Anna Karin Lindroos, John J Reilly, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Swedish Report Card on Physical Activity (PA) for Children and Youth is a unique compilation of the existing physical and health related data in Sweden. The aim of this article is to summarize the procedure and results from the report card. METHODS: Nationally representative surveys and individual studies published between 2005-2015 were included. Eleven PA and health indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids Canada grading system...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835960/parent-child-associations-for-changes-in-diet-screen-time-and-physical-activity-across-two-decades-in-modernizing-china-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-1991-2009
#19
Fei Dong, Annie Green Howard, Amy H Herring, Amanda L Thompson, Linda S Adair, Barry M Popkin, Allison E Aiello, Bing Zhang, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: While the household context is important for lifestyle behavior interventions, few studies have examined parent-child associations for diet and physical activity (PA) changes over time in a rapidly urbanizing country. We aimed to investigate changes in diet, screen time, and PA behaviors over time in children and their parents living in the same household, and examine the parent-child association for these behaviors. METHODS: We studied dietary, screen time, and PA behaviors in 5,201 parent-child pairs (children aged 7-17y) using longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, and 2009)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825373/trends-in-body-image-of-adolescent-females-in-metropolitan-and-non-metropolitan-regions-a-longitudinal-study
#20
M Craike, J A Young, C M Symons, M D Pain, J T Harvey, R M Eime, W R Payne
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction is associated with a range of adverse outcomes, including impaired psychological health, low physical activity and disordered eating. This longitudinal study used the Factors Influencing Transitions in Girls' Active Leisure and Sport (FITGALS) dataset to examine trends in body image of adolescent females. Specifically, the study examined satisfaction with body size, physical appearance and dieting behaviour for two cohorts at transitional life phases in two geographic regions longitudinally over a 3-year period...
November 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
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