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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857524/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-periodontal-disease-and-cardiovascular-disorders-a-questionnaire-based-study
#1
Anca Ionel, Ondine Lucaciu, Cosmina Bondor, Minodora Moga, Aranka Ilea, Claudia Feurdean, Dan Buhăţel, Lucia Hurubeanu, Radu Septimiu Câmpian
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease, characterized by the loss of connective tissue and alveolar bone. There is an increasing evidence that periodontitis is associated with a number of chronic diseases. The aim of this study was to analyze the correlation between periodontitis and certain systemic diseases by identifying their risk factors in a population from North-West Romania. METHODS: A questionnaire-based study was conducted on participants ≥45 years of age in 4 dentistry or family medicine practices from the Cluj and Bihor counties, Romania, over a time frame spanning two months...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848731/results-from-scotland-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#2
John J Reilly, Avril Johnstone, Geraldine McNeill, Adrienne R Hughes
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Active Healthy Kids Scotland Report Card aims to improve surveillance of physical activity (PA), facilitate international comparisons, and encourage evidence-informed PA and health policy. METHODS: Active Healthy Kids Canada Report Card methodology was used: a search for data on child and adolescent PA and health published after the 2013 Scottish Report Card was carried out. Data sources were considered for grading if based on representative samples with prevalence estimates made using methods with low bias...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27848718/results-from-sweden-s-2016-report-card-on-physical-activity-for-children-and-youth
#3
Christine Delisle Nyström, Christel Larsson, Bettina Ehrenblad, Hanna Eneroth, Ulf Eriksson, Marita Friberg, Maria Hagströmer, Anna Karin Lindroos, John J Reilly, Marie Löf
BACKGROUND: The 2016 Swedish Report Card on Physical Activity (PA) for Children and Youth is a unique compilation of the existing physical and health related data in Sweden. The aim of this article is to summarize the procedure and results from the report card. METHODS: Nationally representative surveys and individual studies published between 2005-2015 were included. Eleven PA and health indicators were graded using the Active Healthy Kids Canada grading system...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835960/parent-child-associations-for-changes-in-diet-screen-time-and-physical-activity-across-two-decades-in-modernizing-china-china-health-and-nutrition-survey-1991-2009
#4
Fei Dong, Annie Green Howard, Amy H Herring, Amanda L Thompson, Linda S Adair, Barry M Popkin, Allison E Aiello, Bing Zhang, Penny Gordon-Larsen
BACKGROUND: While the household context is important for lifestyle behavior interventions, few studies have examined parent-child associations for diet and physical activity (PA) changes over time in a rapidly urbanizing country. We aimed to investigate changes in diet, screen time, and PA behaviors over time in children and their parents living in the same household, and examine the parent-child association for these behaviors. METHODS: We studied dietary, screen time, and PA behaviors in 5,201 parent-child pairs (children aged 7-17y) using longitudinal data from the China Health and Nutrition Survey (1991, 1993, 1997, 2000, 2004, 2006, and 2009)...
November 11, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825373/trends-in-body-image-of-adolescent-females-in-metropolitan-and-non-metropolitan-regions-a-longitudinal-study
#5
M Craike, J A Young, C M Symons, M D Pain, J T Harvey, R M Eime, W R Payne
BACKGROUND: Body dissatisfaction is associated with a range of adverse outcomes, including impaired psychological health, low physical activity and disordered eating. This longitudinal study used the Factors Influencing Transitions in Girls' Active Leisure and Sport (FITGALS) dataset to examine trends in body image of adolescent females. Specifically, the study examined satisfaction with body size, physical appearance and dieting behaviour for two cohorts at transitional life phases in two geographic regions longitudinally over a 3-year period...
November 8, 2016: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797701/racial-disparities-in-substance-use-by-sport-participation-among-high-school-students
#6
Mike C Parent, Tyler C Bradstreet, Margaret Piper, Travis Brace, Thomas J Parkman
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the association between team sport participation and substance use, and racial/ ethnic disparities, among U.S. adolescents. METHOD: Data from 6,721 male and 6,761 female high school students in the 2013 Youth Behavior Risk Survey were used. Logistic regression was used to assess the relationship between team sport participation and substance use across gender and race/ethnicity. RESULTS: Among males, participation in team sports was associated with increased risk for use of smokeless tobacco (odds ratio [OR] = 1...
November 2016: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732653/seasonal-vitamin-d-status-in-polish-elite-athletes-in-relation-to-sun-exposure-and-oral-supplementation
#7
Jaroslaw Krzywanski, Tomasz Mikulski, Hubert Krysztofiak, Marcel Mlynczak, Ewa Gaczynska, Andrzej Ziemba
Vitamin D does not only influence the musculoskeletal health and mineral homeostasis but it also affects cardiovascular, endocrine, nervous, immune and mental functions, thus it is of considerable importance for both physically active people and elite athletes. However, vitamin D deficiency is common worldwide and results from inadequate endogenous skin synthesis (insufficient ultraviolet B exposure) and diet. To improve the vitamin D status elite athletes often travel to lower latitude during winter. The aim of the study was to evaluate the seasonal vitamin D status in Polish elite athletes according to the sun exposure and oral supplementation...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699758/-healthy-sleep-evidence-and-guidelines-for-action-official-document-of-the-spanish-sleep-society
#8
M Merino-Andreu, A Alvarez-Ruiz de Larrinaga, J A Madrid-Perez, M A Martinez-Martinez, F J Puertas-Cuesta, A J Asencio-Guerra, O Romero Santo-Tomas, M J Jurado-Luque, F J Segarra-Isern, T Canet-Sanz, P Gimenez-Rodriguez, J Teran-Santos, M L Alonso-Alvarez, D Garcia-Borreguero Diaz-Varela, B Barriuso-Esteban
One of the main objectives of the Spanish Sleep Society is to promote healthy sleep in both the general population and in health professionals. This document aims to conduct a review of the current scientific literature on sleep habits that can serve as the basis on which to establish a set of general recommendations, regarding healthy sleep, for use by the general population in Spain as well as to identify the main challenges faced by research into sleep habits. The document has been developed by a multidisciplinary team made up of members of the Spanish Sleep Society who are experts in paediatric sleep medicine, clinical neurophysiology, pulmonology, neurology, chronobiology, physiology and psychology...
October 3, 2016: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693050/circulating-mirna-as-fine-regulators-of-the-physiological-responses-to-physical-activity-pre-analytical-warnings-for-a-novel-class-of-biomarkers
#9
REVIEW
Giovanni Lombardi, Silvia Perego, Veronica Sansoni, Giuseppe Banfi
MicroRNAs are endogenous non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression by specifically binding the target mRNA and by consequently inducing its degradation. miRNAs can be released into the circulation where they remain stable and they can be measured. Their changes reflect individual biologic adaptation to exposures to specific environmental conditions. As such, measurement of circulating microRNAs represents an opportunity to evaluate biologic changes associated with interventions such as exercise and diet...
December 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623984/stability-of-physical-activity-fitness-components-and-diet-quality-indices
#10
E Mertens, P Clarys, P Mullie, J Lefevre, R Charlier, S Knaeps, I Huybrechts, B Deforche
BACKGROUND: Regular physical activity (PA), a high level of fitness and a high diet quality are positively associated with health. However, information about stability of fitness components and diet quality indices is limited. This study aimed to evaluate stability of those parameters. METHODS: This study includes 652 adults (men=57.56 (10.28) years; women=55.90 (8.34) years at follow-up) who participated in 2002-2004 and returned for follow-up at the Policy Research Centre Leuven in 2012-2014...
September 14, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618089/the-diet-quality-of-competitive-adolescent-male-rugby-union-players-with-energy-balance-estimated-using-different-physical-activity-coefficients
#11
Tracy Burrows, Simon K Harries, Rebecca L Williams, Cheryl Lum, Robin Callister
OBJECTIVES: The aims of the current study were to comprehensively assess the dietary intakes and diet quality of a sample of Australian competitive adolescent rugby union players and compare these intakes with National and Sports Dietitians Association (SDA) Recommendations for adolescent athletes. A secondary aim investigated applying different physical activity level (PAL) coefficients to determine total energy expenditure (TEE) in order to more effectively evaluate the adequacy of energy intakes...
2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617981/effects-of-combined-vigorous-interval-training-program-and-diet-on-body-composition-physical-fitness-and-physical-self-perceptions-among-obese-adolescent-boys-and-girls
#12
Olivier Rey, Jean-Marc Vallier, Caroline Nicol, Charles-Symphorien Mercier, Christophe Maïano
PURPOSE: This study examined the effects of a five-week intervention combining vigorous interval training (VIT) with diet among twenty-four obese adolescents. Fourteen girls and ten boys (aged 14 to 15) schooled in a pediatric rehabilitation center participated. PURPOSE: The VIT intensity was targeted and remained above 80% of maximal heart rate (HR) and over six kilocalories per minute. Pre- and post-intervention measures were body composition (BMI, weight, body fat percentage), physical self-perceptions (PSP), physical fitness (six-minute walking distance and work) and its associated physiological responses (HRpeak and blood lactate concentration)...
September 6, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583089/sports-anaemia-and-anthropometric-evaluation-of-footballers-at-kwame-nkrumah-university-of-science-and-technology-knust
#13
Clement Opoku-Okrah, Daniel Kwasi Sam, Bernard Nkum, Elliot Eli Dogbe, Lilian Antwi-Boateng, Benedict Sackey, Daniel Gyamfi, Kwabena Owusu Danquah
INTRODUCTION: Sports anaemia is a physiological activity that occurs amongst footballers and may be due to poor diet, over-training, as well as an increase in plasma volume in endurance training activities. High plasma volume leads to changes in haematological parameters that may impact on endurance of footballers. The objective of the study was to determine the correlation between haematological and an-thropometric indices and their role in sports anaemia in a tropical setting. METHODS: Venous blood was taken into EDTA for 12 soccer players of KNUST soccer team before training and after training for the first (W1) and fifth (W5) weeks of training sessions...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554270/assessing-initial-validity-and-reliability-of-a-beverage-intake-questionnaire-in-hispanic-preschool-aged-children
#14
Karina R Lora, Brenda Davy, Valisa Hedrick, Ann M Ferris, Michael P Anderson, Dorothy Wakefield
BACKGROUND: Understanding the relationship between high-calorie beverage consumption and weight gain requires an accurate report of dietary intake. A critical need exists to develop and test the psychometrics of brief quantitative tools for minority pediatric populations. OBJECTIVE: To modify the adult beverage intake questionnaire (BEVQ-15) for Hispanic preschool-aged children (BEVQ-PS) and test its validity and test-retest reliability in children aged 3 to 5 years...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27546324/prevalence-of-the-use-of-effective-ergogenic-aids-among-professional-athletes
#15
Barbara Frączek, Maja Warzecha, Florentyna Tyrała, Aleksandra Pięta
BACKGROUND: Athletic performance can be substantially enhanced with supplements and functional food which are considered by scientists as efficient, safe and legal, such as protein, carbohydrate and protein-carbohydrate supplements, isotonic sports drinks, carbohydrate-protein bars, carbohydrate bars, creatine and caffeine. OBJECTIVE: The study is aimed at an analysis and evaluation of the prevalence of using effective ergogenic aids (creatine, caffeine, isotonic drinks, carbohydrates, and proteins) in a group of Polish professional athletes...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27522717/-obesity-current-global-and-russian-trends
#16
REVIEW
A O Razina, S D Runenko, E E Achkasov
The review of literature presents the results of recent epidemiological studies in obese people in Russia and abroad taking into account gender, age, ethnic, social, and geographicalfactors. The increase of obesity prevalence among different population groups including children and adolescents was registered. The risks of health problems associated with overweight and obesity probably leading to disability and mortality were analyzed. It was shown that the energy imbalance played a key role in the etiopathogenesis of obesity among many other factors...
2016: Vestnik Rossiĭskoĭ Akademii Meditsinskikh Nauk
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27500905/conclusions-of-the-ii-international-and-iv-spanish-hydration-congress-toledo-spain-2nd-4th-december-2015
#17
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Ascensión Marcos, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras, Adam Drewnowski, Andreu Palou, Arturo Anadón, Bob Murray, Carmen Gómez-Candela, Claudio Maffeis, Daniel Ramón, David Benton, Dolores Corella, Elena Alonso-Aperte, Emilio Martínez de Victoria, Eric O'Neal, Frania Pfeffer, Hans Braun, Henry Lukaski, Isabel Polanco, Jennifer Bernal, José González-Alonso, José María Ordvás, Juan del Coso, Larry Kenney, Luis B Sardinha, Manuel Díaz-Rubio, Marcela González-Gross, María Kapsokefalou, Michael N Sawka, Mindy Millard-Stafford, Nieves Palacios, Phil Watson, Pilar Riobó, Rafael Urrialde, Ricardo Mora-Rodríguez, Ronald J Maughan, Rosa María Ortega, Ryszard Gellert, Samuel Oliver, Steven Trangmar, Teresa Partearroyo
Water is the major component of our organism representing about 60% of total body weight in adults and has to be obtained through the consumption of different foods and beverages as part of our diet. Water is an essential nutrient performing important functions, including transport of other nutrients, elimination of waste products, temperature regulation, lubrication and structural support. In this context, hydration through water has an essential role in health and wellness, which has been highly acknowledged in recent years among the health community experts such as nutritionists, dietitians, general practitioners, pharmacists, educators, as well as by physical activity and sport sciences experts and the general population...
July 13, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27490353/-characteristics-of-nutrition-in-competitive-sports-ranging-from-leisure-activities-to-high-performance-athletics
#18
H Braun
Nutrition has a crucial influence on physical and mental performance ability and is an important measure along sidetraining in high-performance athletes. However, this form of nutritionis not applicable for every athlete and in every situation. The question of optimal nutrition requires involvement with the particular type of sports, an athlete's current training stage, and athletes' individual requirements and objectives. Implementation takes time and individual motivation on the part of athletes and the specialist staff who engage intensively with the nutritional needs of athletes...
August 2016: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27485956/-conclusions-of-the-ii-international-and-iv-spanish-hydration-congress-toledo-spain-2nd-4th-december-2015
#19
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Ascensión Marcos, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina1, Ángel Gil2, Ascensión Marcos3, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo4, Lluis Serra-Majem5 and Gregorio Varela-Moreiras6*1Associate Professor at University of Navarra. Pamplona, Spain. 2Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. University of Granada. Granada, Spain. 3Research Professor at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). Madrid, Spain. 4President of Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC). Bilbao, Spain. 5Professor of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. Director of Group of Nutrition...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27444662/-conclusions-of-the-ii-international-and-iv-spanish-hydration-congress-toledo-spain-2nd-4th-december-2015
#20
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina, Ángel Gil, Ascensión Marcos, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo, Lluis Serra-Majem, Gregorio Varela-Moreiras
Javier Aranceta-Bartrina1, Ángel Gil2, Ascensión Marcos3, Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo4, Lluis Serra-Majem5 and Gregorio Varela-Moreiras6*1Associate Professor at University of Navarra. Pamplona, Spain. 2Professor of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. University of Granada. Granada, Spain. 3Research Professor at the Spanish National Research Council (CSIC). Madrid, Spain. 4President of Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC). Bilbao, Spain. 5Professor of Preventive Medicine and Public Health. Director of Group of Nutrition...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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