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EMT and cancer

Zhihong Yang, Lixia Ji, Guohui Jiang, Ranran Liu, Zhantao Liu, Yuecheng Yang, Qingxia Ma, Hongqin Zhao
The aim of the current study was to investigate the effects of FL118, a novel camptothecin analogue, on migration and invasion of human breast cancer cells and the underlying mechanisms of those effects. A 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyl-2H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay and a plate clone formation assay were used to examine inhibition of the proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells by FL118. Cell cycle distribution was detected using flow cytometry. A wound healing assay and a transwell assay were performed to detect the effects of FL118 on migration and invasion of MDA-MB-231 cells, respectively...
2018: Bioscience Trends
Zhihong Liu, Youfu Zhang, Zhidan Xu
PURPOSE: It has been reported that UNC119 is significantly up-regulated in liver cancer cells. However, the role of UNC119 in liver cancer and the clinical significance of reducing its expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression profile of UNC119 in HCC and its connection with the progression of HCC. METHODS: UNC119 expression in HCC cell lines and tissues was assessed using quantitative real-time PCR, western blot and immunohistochemical analyses...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Zhihong Liu, Youfu Zhang, Zhidan Xu
PURPOSE: It has been reported that UNC119 is significantly up-regulated in liver cancer cells. However, the role of UNC119 in liver cancer and the clinical significance of reducing its expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are not well understood. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression profile of UNC119 in HCC and its connection with the progression of HCC. METHODS: UNC119 expression in HCC cell lines and tissues was assessed using quantitative real-time PCR, western blot and immunohistochemical analyses...
January 2018: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
Yuanyuan Wang, Jiaojiao Gu, Xiangde Lin, Wei Yan, Wenchao Yang, Guoyang Wu
Thyroid cancer is one of the most common types of cancer in the endocrine system. Among all types of thyroid cancer, papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) is the most common type of thyroid cancer. Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) BRAF-activated non-protein-coding RNA (BANCR) is a 688-bp-long nucleotide transcript, which was first identified in melanoma. The function of BANCR in thyroid cancer remains unclear. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether BANCR is involved in the development of thyroid cancer...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Jianxiang Zhang, Danjie Chen, Shuying Liang, Jun Wang, Can Liu, Caiping Nie, Zhengzheng Shan, Liuxing Wang, Qinxia Fan, Feng Wang
MicroRNA (miR)-106b serves an essential function in a variety of human cancer types, particularly in the process of invasion and metastasis. However, the function and mechanism of miR-106b in the invasion and metastasis of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) has remained elusive. In the present study, it was demonstrated that miR-106b was upregulated in ESCC tissues and cell lines. Furthermore, miR-106b expression in ESCC tissues was positively associated with lymphatic metastasis. Inhibition of miR-106b in EC-1 and EC9706 cells decreased not only the invasion and metastasis ability but also the proliferation ability of EC-1 and EC9706 cells...
April 2018: Oncology Letters
Jia He
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) is a major type of lung cancer, with the highest mortality rate in all cancers. For all stages of NSCLC, the five-year survival is less than fifteen percent. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a significant process in tumor occurrence and development, in which microRNAs may play an important role. In many cancers, microRNA-15's family member can act as suppressors or oncogenes of tumors; however, the relation between these microRNAs and EMT in lung cancer remains unclear...
December 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Marieke Hogervorst, Marion Rietveld, Frank de Gruijl, Abdoelwaheb El Ghalbzouri
BACKGROUND: Tumour stroma consists of a heterogeneous population of fibroblasts and related mesenchymal cells, collectively dubbed cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs). These CAFs are key players in cancer invasion of cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). As we have shown earlier, papillary and reticular fibroblasts (Pfs and Rfs, respectively) have distinct effects on epidermal and dermal homeostasis, but their role in cancer invasion and epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) remains to be determined...
March 19, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
Xuanzhi Wang, Xingliang Dai, Xinzhi Zhang, Xinda Li, Tao Xu, Qing Lan
Cancer stem cells (CSCs), being tumor-initiating with self-renewal capacity and heterogeneity, are most likely the cause of tumor resistance, reoccurrence and metastasis. To further investigate the role of CSCs in tumor biology, there is a need to develop an effective culture system to grow, maintain and enrich CSCs. Three-dimensional (3D) cell culture model has been widely used in tumor research and drug screening. Recently, researchers have begun to utilize 3D models to culture cancer cells for CSCs enrichment...
March 16, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Meng Zhao, Yahui Liu, Ran Liu, Jin Qi, Yongwang Hou, Jiao Chang, Li Ren
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Cytokines are key players in tumorigenesis and are potential targets in cancer treatment. Although IL-6 has attracted considerable attention, interleukin 11 (IL-11), another member of the IL-6 family, has long been overlooked, and little is known regarding its specific function in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). In this study, we explored IL-11's role in NSCLC and the detailed mechanism behind it. METHODS: Cell proliferation in response to IL-11 was determined by colony formation, BrdU incorporation and MTS (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-5-(3-carboxymethoxyphenyl)-2-(4-sulfophenyl)-2H-tetrazolium) assay...
March 10, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Keun Soo Ahn, Ji Yeon Hwang, Ho-Seong Han, Sang Tae Kim, Ilseon Hwang, Young-Ok Chun
BACKGROUND: The impact of acute inflammation on cancer is unclear. Therefore, we evaluated the impact of acute inflammation on cancer progression in an animal model concerning morphological change as well as molecular features. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Murine pancreas ductal adenocarcinoma cell line (Panc-02) and zymosan were used for the induction of cancer and acute inflammation respectively, in C57/BL6 mice. In the C group (n = 10), 2 × 107 Panc02 cells were injected into the tail of the pancreas...
March 2018: Surgical Oncology
Cheng-Dong Ji, Yan-Xia Wang, Dong-Fang Xiang, Qiang Liu, Zhi-Hua Zhou, Feng Qian, Lang Yang, Yong Ren, Wei Cui, Sen-Lin Xu, Xi-Long Zhao, Xia Zhang, Yan Wang, Peng Zhang, Ji-Ming Wang, You-Hong Cui, Xiu-Wu Bian
Potassium ion channels are emerging as pro-malignant factors involved in cancer progression. In this study, we found that invading human gastric cancer (GC) cells express high level of inwardly rectifying potassium channel 2.1 (Kir2.1). Silencing Kir2.1 markedly reduced the invasive and metastatic capabilities as well as the epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of GC cells. The pro-malignant nature of Kir2.1 in GC cells was independent of potassium permeation but relied on its interaction with serine/threonine-protein kinase 38 (Stk38) to inhibit ubiquitination and degradation of mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase kinase 2 (MEKK2)...
March 16, 2018: Cancer Research
Haiyan Zhu, Xiang Gu, Lu Xia, You Zhou, Hakim Bouamar, Junhua Yang, Xiaofei Ding, Christian Zwieb, Jianan Zhang, Andrew P Hinck, LuZhe Sun, Xueqiong Zhu
PURPOSE: We investigated the mechanisms of how TGF-β pathway is activated by chemotherapeutics and whether a novel TGF-β trap called RER can block chemotherapeutics-induced TGF-β pathway activation and enhance their anti-tumor activity in gynecological cancer. Experimental Design: An unbiased bioinformatic analyses of differentially expressed genes in thirty-one ovarian cases due to chemotherapy was used to identify altered master regulators. Phosphorylated Smad2 was determined in thirty paired cervical cancer using immunohistochemistry...
March 16, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Xiaojing Huang, Hongwen Zhu, Zemin Gao, Junzun Li, Junlong Zhuang, Yu Dong, Bing Shen, Meiqian Li, Hu Zhou, Hongqian Guo, Ruimin Huang, Jun Yan
Once urinary bladder cancer (UBC) develops into muscle-invasive bladder cancer, its mortality rate increases dramatically. However, the molecular mechanisms of UBC invasion and metastasis remain largely unknown. Herein, using 5637 UBC cells, we generated two sublines with low (5637 NMI) and high (5637 HMI) invasive capabilities. Mass spectrum analyses revealed that the Wnt family protein Wnt7a is more highly expressed in 5637 HMI cells than in 5637 NMI cells. We also found that increased Wnt7a expression is associated with UBC metastasis and predicted worse clinical outcome in UBC patients...
March 16, 2018: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Xiangfeng Wang, Hu Fang, Yong Cheng, Lin Li, Xiaohui Sun, Tao Fu, Peide Huang, Anping Zhang, Zhimin Feng, Chunxue Li, Xuanlin Huang, Guangyan Li, Peina Du, Huanming Yang, Xiaodong Fang, Fan Li, Qiang Gao, Baohua Liu
Synchronous colorectal cancers (syCRCs), which present two or more lesions at diagnosis, are rare and pose a great challenge for clinical management. Although some predisposing factors associated with syCRCs have been studied with limited accession, the full repertoire of genomic events among the lesions within an individual and the causes of syCRCs remain unclear. We performed whole-exome sequencing of 40 surgical tumour samples of paired lesions from 20 patients to characterize the genetic alterations. Lesions from same patient showed distinct landscapes of somatic aberrations and shared few mutations, which suggests that they originate and develop independently although they shared the similar genetic background...
March 13, 2018: Carcinogenesis
J James Frost, Kenneth J Pienta, Donald S Coffey
Symmetry and symmetry breaking concepts from physics and biology are applied to the problem of cancer. Three categories of symmetry breaking in cancer are examined: combinatorial, geometric, and functional. Within these categories, symmetry breaking is examined for relevant cancer features, including epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT); tumor heterogeneity; tensegrity; fractal geometric and information structure; functional interaction networks; and network stabilizability and attack tolerance. The new cancer symmetry concepts are relevant to homeostasis loss in cancer and to its origin, spread, treatment and resistance...
February 20, 2018: Oncotarget
Haitao Luo, Caixia Liang
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) accounts for ~80% of all types of lung cancer, which has the highest morbidity and mortality of all types of cancer worldwide. It is important to identify novel biomarkers and the molecular mechanism of NSCLC to improve current treatments of NSCLC. The present study aimed to investigate the effect of miR-148b expression on the proliferation, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and radiosensitivity of NSCLC cells. It was demonstrated that miR-148b expression was significantly decreased in NSCLC tissues and cell lines...
April 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Kati Richter, Teija Paakkola, Daniela Mennerich, Kateryna Kubaichuk, Anja Konzack, Heidi Ali-Kippari, Nina Kozlova, Peppi Koivunen, Kirsi-Maria Haapasaari, Arja Jukkola-Vuorinen, Hanna-Riikka Teppo, Elitsa Y Dimova, Risto Bloigu, Zoltan Szabo, Risto Kerkelä, Thomas Kietzmann
Recent studies suggest that the ubiquitin-specific protease USP28 plays an important role in cellular repair and tissue remodeling, which implies that it has a direct role in carcinogenesis. The carcinogenic potential of USP28 was investigated in a comprehensive manner using patients, animal models, and cell culture. The findings demonstrate that overexpression of USP28 correlates with a better survival in patients with invasive ductal breast carcinoma. Mouse xenograft experiments with USP28-deficient breast cancer cells also support this view...
March 15, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Chanjuan Wang, Aiwei Li, Shuo Yang, Rui Qiao, Xi Zhu, Jie Zhang
The emergence of chemoresistance greatly increases the recurrence risk for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC) patients, which is still a big concern of clinicians. Understanding the mechanisms of drug resistance is of great significance for preventing and reversing it. We showed here that CXC motif chemokine ligand 5 (CXCL5) was overexpressed in mitomycin C-resistant bladder cancer cell line M-RT4. Meanwhile, parental RT4 cell treated with recombinant human CXCL5 (rhCXCL5) reduced its sensitivity to mitomycin C...
March 12, 2018: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Yu Wu, Ze-Yang Ding, Guan-Nan Jin, Yi-Xiao Xiong, Bin Yu, Yi-Min Sun, Wei Wang, Hui-Fang Liang, Bixiang Zhang, Xiao-Ping Chen
Hepatic progenitor cells (HPCs) are a subpopulation of cells which was usually expanded in chronic liver injury and are contributed to liver regeneration through differentiating into hepatocytes and cholangiocytes. Epithelial-mesenchymal transition is a dynamic process which is important for the progression of liver fibrosis and cancer initiation. This study demonstrated that LE/6 and WB-F344 cells, both of which were HPC derived cell lines, were undergoing partial epithelial-mesenchymal transition states, which was indicated by the co-expression of epithelial markers (E-cadherin and zona occludin 1), and mesenchymal markers (vimentin, fibronectin, collagen 1and α-SMA)...
March 12, 2018: Biochimie
Giorgio Ivan Russo, Simone Bier, Jörg Hennenlotter, Gunthild Beger, Lucretia Pavlenco, Jens van de Flierdt, Siegfried Hauch, Moritz Maas, Simon Walz, Steffen Rausch, Jens Bedke, Giuseppe Morgia, Arnulf Stenzl, Tilman Todenhöfer
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of circulating tumour cells (CTC) at different stages of prostate cancer (PC) using the ProstateCancerDetect kit. Moreover, we aimed to assess the expression of transcripts that are specific for cancer stem cells (AdnaTest StemCell) and epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) in CTC (AdnaTest EMT) as well as additional genes that are known to promote PC progression. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this prospective study, we included 81 patients who underwent treatment for PC between 07/2014 and 02/2015, including A) 18 patients (22...
March 15, 2018: BJU International
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