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Extracellular Dermal Matrix

Dimple Chouhan, Bijayshree Chakraborty, Samit K Nandi, Biman B Mandal
Bombyx mori silk fibroin (BMSF) as biopolymer has been extensively explored in wound healing applications. However, limited study is available on the potential of silk fibroin (SF) from non-mulberry (Antheraea assama and Philosamia ricini) silk variety. Herein, we have developed non-mulberry SF (NMSF) based electrospun mats functionalized with epidermal growth factor (EGF) and ciprofloxacin HCl as potential wound dressing. The NMSF based mats exhibited essential properties of wound dressing like biocompatibility, high water retention capacity (440%), water vapour transmission rate (∼2330 gm(-2)day(-1)), high elasticity (∼2...
October 13, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Wakana Nakayama, Masatoshi Jinnin, Yukiko Tomizawa, Kayo Nakamura, Hideo Kudo, Kuniko Inoue, Katsunari Makino, Noritoshi Honda, Ikko Kajihara, Satoshi Fukushima, Hironobu Ihn
OBJECTIVES: The overexpression of IL-12 family cytokines is implicated in the pathogenesis of SSc, but their exact role is still unclear. The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of extracellular matrix expression by IL-23 and its contribution to the phenotype of SSc. METHODS: The mRNA expression was determined by PCR array and real-time PCR. The expression levels of proteins were determined by immunoblotting and immunohistochemical staining. The effect of IL-23 on dermal fibrosis in vivo was examined in a mouse model of SSc induced by bleomycin injection...
October 15, 2016: Rheumatology
Yang Hu, Weihua Dan, Shanbai Xiong, Yang Kang, Arvind Dhinakar, Jun Wu, Zhipeng Gu
: To improve the mechanical properties and biocompatibility of collagen I matrix, a novel and facile strategy was developed to modify porcine acellular dermal matrix (PADM) via dopamine self-polymerization followed by collagen immobilization to enhance the biological, mechanical and physicochemical properties of PADM. Mechanism study indicated that the polymerization of dopamine onto PADM surface could be regulated by controlling the amount of hydrogen bonds forming between phenol hydroxyl (COH) and nitrogen atom (NCO) within collagen fibers of PADM...
October 12, 2016: Acta Biomaterialia
Josefa P Alameda, Manuel Navarro, Ángel Ramírez, Angustias Page, Cristian Suárez-Cabrera, Rodolfo Moreno-Maldonado, Jesús M Paramio, M Carmen Fariña, Marcela Del Río, M Jesús Fernández-Aceñero, Ana Bravo, M Llanos Casanova
IKKα plays a mandatory role in keratinocyte differentiation and exerts an important task in non-melanoma skin cancer development. However, it is not fully understood how IKKα exerts these functions. To analyze in detail the role of IKKα in epidermal stratification and differentiation, we have generated tridimensional (3D) cultures of human HaCaT keratinocytes and fibroblasts in fibrin gels, obtaining human skin equivalents that comprise an epidermal and a dermal compartments that resembles both the structure and differentiation of normal human skin...
October 8, 2016: Oncotarget
Carla Cunha, Catarina R Almeida, Maria Inês Almeida, Andreia M Silva, Maria Molinos, Sofia Lamas, Catarina L Pereira, Graciosa Q Teixeira, António T Monteiro, Susana G Santos, Raquel M Gonçalves, Mário A Barbosa
: : Cell therapies for intervertebral disc (IVD) regeneration presently rely on transplantation of IVD cells or stem cells directly to the lesion site. Still, the harsh IVD environment, with low irrigation and high mechanical stress, challenges cell administration and survival. In this study, we addressed systemic transplantation of allogeneic bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) intravenously into a rat IVD lesion model, exploring tissue regeneration via cell signaling to the lesion site...
October 11, 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Antonietta Stellavato, Luisana Corsuto, Antonella D'Agostino, Annalisa La Gatta, Paola Diana, Patrizia Bernini, Mario De Rosa, Chiara Schiraldi
Hyaluronic Acid (HA)-based dermal formulations have rapidly gained a large consensus in aesthetic medicine and dermatology. HA, highly expressed in the Extracellular Matrix (ECM), acts as an activator of biological cascades, stimulating cell migration and proliferation, and operating as a regulator of the skin immune surveillance, through specific interactions with its receptors. HA may be used in topical formulations, as dermal inducer, for wound healing. Moreover, intradermal HA formulations (injectable HA) provide an attractive tool to counteract skin aging (e...
2016: PloS One
Joris A van Dongen, Hieronymus P Stevens, Mojtaba Parvizi, Berend van der Lei, Martin C Harmsen
Autologous adipose tissue transplantation is clinically used to reduce dermal scarring and to restore volume loss. The therapeutic benefit on tissue damage more likely depends on the stromal vascular fraction of adipose tissue than on the adipocyte fraction. This stromal vascular fraction can be obtained by dissociation of adipose tissue, either enzymatically or mechanical. Enzymatic dissociation procedures are time-consuming and expensive. Therefore, we developed a new inexpensive mechanical dissociation procedure to obtain the stromal vascular fraction from adipose tissue in a time sparing way, which is directly available for therapeutic injection...
September 26, 2016: Wound Repair and Regeneration
Valentina Belli, Daniela Guarnieri, Marco Biondi, Francesca Della Sala, Paolo A Netti
This study aims at elucidating the effect of three-dimensional (3D) extracellular matrix on cell behaviour and nanoparticle (NP) diffusion and its consequences on NP cellular uptake mechansims. For this purpose, human dermal fibroblasts (HDF) and human fibrosarcoma (HT1080) cell lines were grown within a 3D collagen gel and exposed to model polystyrene (PS) NPs of controlled size (44 and 100nm). Results indicate that, in 3D, cell morphology dramatically changes compared to standard 2D cultures and NP diffusion within the matrix is hampered by the interaction with the collagen fibres...
September 29, 2016: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
Soham Ghosh, Altug Ozcelikkale, J Craig Dutton, Bumsoo Han
Freezing of biomaterials is important in a wide variety of biomedical applications, including cryopreservation and cryosurgeries. For the success of these applications to various biomaterials, biophysical mechanisms, which determine freezing-induced changes in cells and tissues, need to be well understood. Specifically, the significance of the intracellular mechanics during freezing is not well understood. Thus, we hypothesize that cells interact during freezing with the surroundings such as suspension media and the extracellular matrix (ECM) via two distinct but related mechanisms-water transport and cytoskeletal mechanics...
October 2016: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Ian L Valerio, Jennifer M Sabino, Christopher L Dearth
Background: A large volume of service members have sustained complex injuries during Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Enduring Freedom (OEF). These injuries are complicated by contamination with particulate and foreign materials, have high rates of bacterial and/or fungal infections, are often composite-type defects with massive soft tissue wounds, and usually have multisystem involvement. While traditional treatment modalities remain a mainstay for optimal wound care, traditional reconstruction approaches alone may be inadequate to fully address the scope and magnitude of such massive complex wounds...
September 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
Aeri Lee, Sohee Bae, Seung Hoon Lee, Oh-Kyeong Kweon, Wan Hee Kim
The purpose of this study was to investigate the protein expression pattern and the in vivo trichogenicity of dermal papilla like tissues (DPLTs) made from canine adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ASCs) in athymic nude mice. Canine ASCs were isolated and cultured from adipose tissue, and differentiation was induced by culturing ASCs in dermal papilla forming media. DPLTs were embedded in collagen gel, and their structural characteristics and protein expression were evaluated by hematoxylin and eosin stain and immunohistochemistry...
September 16, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Zhengwang Sun, Sang Yong Park, Eunson Hwang, Mengyang Zhang, Seul A Seo, Pei Lin, Tae-Hoo Yi
Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation-induced reactive oxidative species is mainly responsible for the development of photoageing. Rosmarinic acid was one of the main bioactive components detected in Thymus vulgaris (TV) we extracted. In this study, UVB-induced skin damages have been shown to be ameliorated by treatment with TV in hairless mice (HR-1) skin, demonstrated by decreased matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and increased collagen production. However, the underlying molecular mechanism on which TV acted was unclear...
September 19, 2016: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Naomi Takahashi, Makoto Sugaya, Hiraku Suga, Tomonori Oka, Makiko Kawaguchi, Tomomitsu Miyagaki, Hideki Fujita, Shinichi Sato
Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) activates dendritic cells to induce Th2-mediated inflammation. Periostin, an extracellular matrix protein produced by fibroblasts, induces chronic inflammation by stimulating TSLP production. Recently, a reinforcing cycle linking Th2-type immune responses with periostin-induced keratinocyte activation has been proposed in atopic dermatitis pathogenesis. In this study, we investigated the role of TSLP and periostin in the development of cutaneous T cell lymphoma (CTCL), where Th2 cytokines and chemokines are also dominant...
September 6, 2016: Cancer Research
Jenna L Dziki, Derek S Wang, Catalina Pineda, Brian M Sicari, Theresa Rausch, Stephen F Badylak
The host response to biomaterials is a critical determinant of their success or failure in tissue-repair applications. Macrophages are among the first responders in the host response to biomaterials and have been shown to be predictors of downstream tissue remodeling events. Biomaterials composed of mammalian extracellular matrix (ECM) in particular, have been shown to promote distinctive and constructive remodeling outcomes when compared to their synthetic counterparts, a property that has been largely attributed to their ability to modulate the host macrophage response...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
Hana Jung, Eunjoo H Lee, Tae Hoon Lee, Man-Ho Cho
Solar ultraviolet (UV) radiation is a main extrinsic factor for skin aging. Chronic exposure of the skin to UV radiation causes the induction of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), such as MMP-1, and consequently results in alterations of the extracellular matrix (ECM) and skin photoaging. Flavonoids are considered as potent anti-photoaging agents due to their UV-absorbing and antioxidant properties and inhibitory activity against UV-mediated MMP induction. To identify anti-photoaging agents, in the present study we examined the preventative effect of methoxyflavonoids, such as sakuranetin, isosakuranetin, homoeriodictyol, genkwanin, chrysoeriol and syringetin, on UV-B-induced skin photo-damage...
2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
José P Leite, Rita Mota, Joana Durão, Sara C Neves, Cristina C Barrias, Paula Tamagnini, Luís Gales
The unicellular cyanobacterium Cyanothece sp. CCY 0110 is a highly efficient producer of extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), releasing up to 75% of the polymer to the culture medium. The carbohydrate polymer released to the medium (RPS) was previously isolated and characterized; it is composed of nine different monosaccharides including two uronic acids, and also containing peptides and sulfate groups. Here it is shown that the RPS spontaneously assembles with proteins at high concentrations leading to a phase transition...
September 4, 2016: Macromolecular Bioscience
Nadja Zöller, Anke König, Manuel Butting, Roland Kaufmann, August Bernd, Eva Valesky, Stefan Kippenberger
Hypertrophic scar development is associated to impaired wound healing, imbalanced fibroblast proliferation and extracellular matrix synthesis. Stigmatization, physical restrictions and high recurrence rates are only some aspects that illustrate the severe influence impaired wound healing can have on patients' life. The treatment of hypertrophic scars especially keloids is still a challenge. In recent years water-filtered near-infrared irradiation (wIRA) composed of near-infrared (NIR) and a thermal component is applied for an increasing penal of clinical purposes...
October 2016: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
Paula Benny, Cedric Badowski, E Birgitte Lane, Michael Raghunath
The glycoprotein family of collagens represents the main structural proteins in the human body, and are key components of biomaterials used in modern tissue engineering. A technical bottleneck is the deposition of collagen in vitro, as it is notoriously slow, resulting in sub-optimal formation of connective tissue and subsequent tissue cohesion, particularly in skin models. Here, we describe a method which involves the addition of differentially-sized sucrose co-polymers to skin cultures to generate macromolecular crowding (MMC), which results in a dramatic enhancement of collagen deposition...
2016: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Jill Meirte, Peter Moortgat, Mieke Anthonissen, Koen Maertens, Cynthia Lafaire, Lieve De Cuyper, Guy Hubens, Ulrike Van Daele
BACKGROUND: Vacuum massage is a non-invasive mechanical massage technique invented to treat burns and scars. To date, no effects of vacuum massage on thickness and density of human scar tissue have been reported. The process in which external stimuli are converted into biochemical responses in the cell is known as mechanotransduction. In the skin endothelial cells, fibroblasts and myofibroblasts embedded in the extracellular matrix (ECM) sense mechanical stimuli (created by vacuum massage) and may promote intracellular processes leading to matrix remodelling...
2016: Burns and trauma
Zhensen Zhu, Jie Ding, Edward E Tredget
Hypertrophic scars (HTS) are caused by dermal injuries such as trauma and burns to the deep dermis, which are red, raised, itchy and painful. They can cause cosmetic disfigurement or contractures if craniofacial areas or mobile region of the skin are affected. Abnormal wound healing with more extracellular matrix deposition than degradation will result in HTS formation. This review will introduce the physiology of wound healing, dermal HTS formation, treatment and difference with keloids in the skin, and it also review the current advance of molecular basis of HTS including the involvement of cytokines, growth factors, and macrophages via chemokine pathway, to bring insights for future prevention and treatment of HTS...
2016: Burns and trauma
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