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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150339/hair-concentration-of-trace-elements-and-growth-in-homeless-children-aged-6years-results-from-the-enfams-study
#1
Lucia Fábelová, Stéphanie Vandentorren, Cécile Vuillermoz, Robert Garnier, Sandrine Lioret, Jérémie Botton
BACKGROUND: Growth is an important indicator of health in early childhood. This is a critical developmental period, during which a number of factors, including exposure to metals, might play a role in later physical and metabolic functions. OBJECTIVE: To study the association between exposure to arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb) and selenium (Se), and physical growth of children from homeless families aged <6years. METHODS: This study was based on data of the cross-sectional survey (ENFAMS), which was conducted by the Observatoire du Samu Social on a random sample of homeless sheltered families in the Paris region during winter 2013...
November 14, 2017: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145590/who-uses-foodbanks-and-why-exploring-the-impact-of-financial-strain-and-adverse-life-events-on-food-insecurity
#2
E Prayogo, A Chater, S Chapman, M Barker, N Rahmawati, T Waterfall, G Grimble
Background: Rising use of foodbanks highlights food insecurity in the UK. Adverse life events (e.g. unemployment, benefit delays or sanctions) and financial strains are thought to be the drivers of foodbank use. This research aimed to explore who uses foodbanks, and factors associated with increased food insecurity. Methods: We surveyed those seeking help from front line crisis providers from foodbanks (N = 270) and a comparison group from Advice Centres (ACs) (N = 245) in relation to demographics, adverse life events, financial strain and household food security...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144995/content-analysis-of-homeless-smokers-perspectives-on-established-and-alternative-smoking-interventions
#3
Susan E Collins, Victoria E Orfaly, Teresa Wu, Sunny Chang, Robert V Hardy, Amia Nash, Matthew B Jones, Leslie Mares, Emily M Taylor, Lonnie A Nelson, Seema L Clifasefi
BACKGROUND: Cigarette smoking is 5 times more prevalent among homeless individuals than in the general population, and homeless individuals are disproportionately affected by smoking-related morbidity and mortality. Homeless smokers report interest in changing their smoking behavior; however, established smoking cessation interventions are neither desirable to nor highly effective for most members of this population. The aim of this study was to document homeless smokers' perceptions of established smoking interventions as well as self-generated, alternative smoking interventions to elucidate points for intervention enhancement...
November 13, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137869/morbidity-and-mortality-in-homeless-individuals-prisoners-sex-workers-and-individuals-with-substance-use-disorders-in-high-income-countries-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Robert W Aldridge, Alistair Story, Stephen W Hwang, Merete Nordentoft, Serena A Luchenski, Greg Hartwell, Emily J Tweed, Dan Lewer, Srinivasa Vittal Katikireddi, Andrew C Hayward
BACKGROUND: Inclusion health focuses on people in extremely poor health due to poverty, marginalisation, and multimorbidity. We aimed to review morbidity and mortality data on four overlapping populations who experience considerable social exclusion: homeless populations, individuals with substance use disorders, sex workers, and imprisoned individuals. METHODS: For this systematic review and meta-analysis, we searched MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for studies published between Jan 1, 2005, and Oct 1, 2015...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137868/what-works-in-inclusion-health-overview-of-effective-interventions-for-marginalised-and-excluded-populations
#5
REVIEW
Serena Luchenski, Nick Maguire, Robert W Aldridge, Andrew Hayward, Alistair Story, Patrick Perri, James Withers, Sharon Clint, Suzanne Fitzpatrick, Nigel Hewett
Inclusion health is a service, research, and policy agenda that aims to prevent and redress health and social inequities among the most vulnerable and excluded populations. We did an evidence synthesis of health and social interventions for inclusion health target populations, including people with experiences of homelessness, drug use, imprisonment, and sex work. These populations often have multiple overlapping risk factors and extreme levels of morbidity and mortality. We identified numerous interventions to improve physical and mental health, and substance use; however, evidence is scarce for structural interventions, including housing, employment, and legal support that can prevent exclusion and promote recovery...
November 10, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131662/isoniazid-monoresistance-and-rate-of-culture-conversion-among-confirmed-tuberculosis-patients-in-the-state-of-georgia-2009-2014
#6
Argita D Salindri, Rose-Marie F Sales, Lauren DiMiceli, Marcos C Schechter, Russell R Kempker, Matthew J Magee
RATIONALE: Isoniazid-monoresistant tuberculosis (INH-monoresistant TB) is the most common drug-resistant TB type in the US; however, its impact on TB treatment outcomes is not clear. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to understand: 1) factors associated with INH-monoresistant TB and 2) the association between INH-monoresistance and response to TB treatment. METHODS: We studied all patients with TB aged ≥15 years reported to the Georgia State Electronic Notifiable Disease Surveillance System (SENDSS) from 2009-2014...
November 13, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127785/tobacco-and-alcohol-use-disorders-evaluating-multimorbidity
#7
R Ross MacLean, Mehmet Sofuoglu, Robert Rosenheck
There is growing interest in applying the multimorbidity model for mental health disorders - i.e. the interactive effects of co-occurring diagnoses. Alcohol use disorder (AUD) and tobacco use disorder (TUD) often occur together, but distinctive correlates of their co-occurrence have not been studied. Veterans treated by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) nationally in FY 2012 with diagnoses of both AUD and TUD were compared to those with only AUD or only TUD on socio-environmental factors, medical and psychiatric diagnoses, and service use...
November 4, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125976/trends-in-self-efficacy-to-quit-and-smoking-urges-among-homeless-smokers-participating-in-a-smoking-cessation-rct
#8
Erika Ashley Pinsker, Deborah Jane Hennrikus, Darin J Erickson, Kathleen Thiede Call, Jean Lois Forster, Kolawole Stephen Okuyemi
INTRODUCTION: In the U.S., approximately 73% of homeless adults smoke cigarettes and they experience difficulty quitting. Homeless smokers report low self-efficacy to quit and that smoking urges are a barrier to quitting. Self-efficacy to quit and smoking urges are dynamic and change throughout smoking cessation treatment. This study examines changes in self-efficacy to quit and smoking urges throughout a smoking cessation intervention among the homeless and identifies predictors of change in these characteristics...
November 2, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124293/identification-of-major-depressive-disorder-among-the-long-term-unemployed
#9
Kirsti Nurmela, Aino Mattila, Virpi Heikkinen, Jukka Uitti, Aarne Ylinen, Pekka Virtanen
PURPOSE: Depression is a common mental health disorder among the unemployed, but research on identifying their depression in health care is scarce. The present study aimed to explore the identification of major depressive disorder (MDD) in health care on long-term unemployed and find out if the duration of unemployment correlates with the risk for unidentified MDD. METHODS: The study sample consisted the patient files of long-term unemployed people (duration of unemployment 1-35 years, median 11 years), who in a screening project diagnosed with MDD (n = 243)...
November 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124292/homelessness-as-a-predictor-of-mortality-an-11-year-register-based-cohort-study
#10
Sandra Feodor Nilsson, Thomas Munk Laursen, Carsten Hjorthøj, Merete Nordentoft
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the association between homelessness and psychiatric disorders, including substance use disorders, on one hand, and cause-specific and all-cause mortality on the other in a high-income country. METHODS: A historical nationwide register-based cohort study of the Danish population from 15 years of age between 2000 and 2011 was conducted. The association between homelessness, psychiatric disorders, and mortality was analysed by Poisson Regression adjusting for important confounders...
November 9, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120268/treatment-mechanisms-with-homeless-veterans
#11
Jon T Moore, Michelle A Skinner
OBJECTIVE: Emotion regulation and social processes that longitudinally predict depressive symptom change have not yet been investigated as mechanisms of change within a residential treatment context for homeless veterans with substance use issues. METHODS: A longitudinal data analysis of 186 homeless veterans enrolled in a six-month residential rehabilitation and addiction treatment program was conducted to investigate the role of six different emotion regulation variables as well the impact of two relationship quality constructs when measured at three time points across treatment...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116909/supporting-families-experiencing-homelessness-current-practices-and-future-directions-by-haskett-m-e-perlman-s-cowan-b-a-eds
#12
Daniel Horn
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 8, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097248/large-proportion-of-people-who-inject-drugs-are-susceptible-to-hepatitis-b-results-from-a-bio-behavioural-study-in-eight-german-cities
#13
J M Haussig, S Nielsen, M Gassowski, V Bremer, U Marcus, B Wenz, N Bannert, C T Bock, R Zimmermann
BACKGROUND: People who inject drugs (PWID) are at high risk of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection by sharing needles and drug use paraphernalia. In Germany, no routine surveillance of HBV prevalence and vaccination coverage among PWID exists. METHODS: Socio-demographic and behavioural data were collected between 2011 and 2014 through face-to-face interviews during a bio-behavioural survey of PWID recruited in eight German cities. Dried blood spots (DBS) prepared with capillary blood were tested for HBV markers...
October 30, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097105/emergent-predictors-of-hepatitis-c-infection-among-non-injection-drug-users
#14
Sheila Araújo Teles, Elucir Gir, Regina Maria Bringel Martins, Megmar Aparecida Dos Santos Carneiro, Marcos André de Matos, Karla Antonieta Amorim Caetano
BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) presents a significant public health issue, especially among high-risk populations, such as truck drivers, prisoners, people living with HIV, people living with tuberculosis, and people who are homeless. METHODS: This cross-sectional study analyzed the data of 1600 individuals recruited from high-risk populations who denied the use of injection drugs and/or history of blood transfusion to better understand on epidemiology of HCV...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095374/achieving-drug-and-alcohol-abstinence-among-recently-incarcerated-homeless-women-a-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-dialectical-behavioral-therapy-case-management-with-a-health-promotion-program
#15
Adeline M Nyamathi, Sanghyuk S Shin, Jolene Smeltzer, Benissa E Salem, Kartik Yadav, Maria L Ekstrand, Susan F Turner, Mark Faucette
BACKGROUND: Homeless female ex-offenders (homeless female offenders) exiting jail and prison are at a critical juncture during reentry and transitioning into the community setting. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study was to compare the effect of a dialectical behavioral therapy-case management (DBT-CM) program with a health promotion (HP) program on achieving drug and alcohol abstinence among female parolees/probationers residing in the community. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter parallel randomized controlled trial with 130 female parolees/probationers (aged 19-64 years) residing in the community randomly assigned to either DBT-CM (n = 65) or HP (n = 65)...
November 2017: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095057/high-inpatient-utilization-among-veterans-health-administration-patients-with-substance-use-disorders-and-co-occurring-mental-health-conditions
#16
Janelle M Painter, Carol A Malte, Anna D Rubinsky, Timothy R Campellone, Amanda K Gilmore, John S Baer, Eric J Hawkins
BACKGROUND: Substance-use disorders (SUDs) are common and costly conditions. Understanding high inpatient utilization (HIU) among patients with SUD can inform the development of treatment approaches designed to reduce healthcare expenditures and improve service quality. OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence, type, and predictors of HIU among patients with SUD and co-occurring mental health conditions. METHODS: Service utilization and demographic and clinical variables were extracted from a national sample of Veterans Health Administration (VA) patients with SUD-only [n = 148,960 (98...
November 2, 2017: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094290/a-novel-resident-experience-in-a-veteran-s-homeless-center
#17
J Corey Williams, Emma Lo, Theddeus Iheanacho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Academic Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090310/homelessness-challenges-and-progress
#18
Mitchell H Katz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 31, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074409/global-prevalence-of-injecting-drug-use-and-sociodemographic-characteristics-and-prevalence-of-hiv-hbv-and-hcv-in-people-who-inject-drugs-a-multistage-systematic-review
#19
Louisa Degenhardt, Amy Peacock, Samantha Colledge, Janni Leung, Jason Grebely, Peter Vickerman, Jack Stone, Evan B Cunningham, Adam Trickey, Kostyantyn Dumchev, Michael Lynskey, Paul Griffiths, Richard P Mattick, Matthew Hickman, Sarah Larney
BACKGROUND: Sharing of equipment used for injecting drug use (IDU) is a substantial cause of disease burden and a contributor to blood-borne virus transmission. We did a global multistage systematic review to identify the prevalence of IDU among people aged 15-64 years; sociodemographic characteristics of and risk factors for people who inject drugs (PWID); and the prevalence of HIV, hepatitis C virus (HCV), and hepatitis B virus (HBV) among PWID. METHODS: Consistent with the GATHER and PRISMA guidelines and without language restrictions, we systematically searched peer-reviewed databases (MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO; articles published since 2008, latest searches in June, 2017), searched the grey literature (websites and databases, searches between April and August, 2016), and disseminated data requests to international experts and agencies (requests sent in October, 2016)...
December 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072538/senior-services-that-support-housing-first-in-metro-vancouver
#20
Sarah L Canham, Lupin Battersby, Mei Lan Fang, Mineko Wada, Rebecca Bell, Andrew Sixsmith
Housing First is a model and philosophy for housing homeless people in immediate and permanent housing. In order to implement and deliver Housing First, research is needed to understand the system of support services as they currently exist. Guided by principles of community-based participatory research, this paper presents the findings from a senior-focused deliberative dialogue workshop in Metro Vancouver, Canada. Participants (16 service providers and 1 service recipient) identified services and resources available to support seniors in maintaining housing and barriers and facilitators for accessing services...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
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