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Postcardiac injury syndromes

Su Nam Lee, Hyun Jin Noh, Sin Seung Kim, Yunju Nam, Ki-Dong Yoo
Blunt chest trauma can cause acute myocardial infarction, which may also be associated with pericarditis. However, such cases are rare. We herein report a case of a 57-year-old man suffering from acute myocardial infarction due to a blunt chest trauma and postcardiac injury syndrome after discharge with spontaneous resolution of a total coronary occlusion.
2016: Internal Medicine
Jan J van Wingerden, Mario Maas, Richard L Braam, Bas A de Mol
PURPOSE: Poststernotomy mediastinitis (PSM), the severe chest wall and mediastinal infection that may arise at any time after a sternotomy, causes significant morbidity and mortality globally. Late recognition and diagnosis are the major contributors to a poor outcome. This review focuses on recent advances in diagnosing PSM (particularly after cardiovascular surgery) at the earliest opportunity--in the emergency department. RECENT FINDINGS: Morbidity and mortality of PSM, especially when associated with numerous other complications, remain unaltered high...
March 2016: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Shungo Yukumi, Hiraku Ichiki, Junichi Funada, Hideaki Suzuki, Masamitsu Morimoto, Teppei Fujita, Naoki Izumi, Masahiro Abe
Postcardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) occurs following a pericardial or myocardial injury. On the other hand, PCIS following cardiac catheter intervention is rare and can be difficult to diagnose because of its delayed onset. A 24-year-old man underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for paroxysmal atrial fibrillation and suffered from general fatigue and left-sided pleural effusion three months after the procedure. His symptoms and effusion were effectively treated within a month by administrating nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs...
2015: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Alexis A Topjian, Robert A Berg, Fabio Silvio Taccone
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to review the recent literature describing how to assess and treat postcardiac arrest syndrome associated haemodynamics and manage oxygenation and ventilation derangements. RECENT FINDINGS: Postcardiac arrest syndrome is a well described entity that includes systemic ischemia-reperfusion response, myocardial dysfunction and neurologic dysfunction. Continued resuscitation in the hours to days following return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) is important to increase the likelihood of long-term survival and neurological recovery...
June 2015: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Dominique Biarent, Christine Fonteyne, Ariane Willems, Audrey Dupont
Although sustained return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) can be initially established after resuscitation in children, many of the children do not survive to discharge because they developped a post cardiac arrest syndrome. The post-cardiac arrest syndrome includes systemic ischaemia/reperfusion response, post-cardiac arrest brain injury, postcardiac arrest myocardial dysfunction, and persistent precipitating pathology. The main cause of death after ROSC in children is brain injury. Physiopathology and management are reviewed in regards of pediatric specificities...
2013: Current Pediatric Reviews
Laurens L A Bisschops, Gheorghe A M Pop, Steven Teerenstra, Pieter C Struijk, Johannes G van der Hoeven, Cornelia W E Hoedemaekers
OBJECTIVES: To determine blood viscosity in adult comatose patients treated with mild therapeutic hypothermia after cardiac arrest and to assess the relation between blood viscosity, cerebral blood flow, and cerebral oxygen extraction. DESIGN: Observational study. SETTING: Tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: Ten comatose patients with return of spontaneous circulation after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. INTERVENTION: Treatment with mild therapeutic hypothermia for 24 hours followed by passive rewarming to normothermia...
March 2014: Critical Care Medicine
Zhi-jun Guo, Chun-sheng Li
Survival rates after cardiac arrest have not changed substantially over the past 5 decades. Postcardiac arrest (CA) syndrome (PCAS) is the primary reason for the high mortality rate after successful restoration of spontaneous circulation (ROSC). Intravenous administration of Shenfu Injection (, SFI) may attenuate post-CA myocardial dysfunction and cerebral injury, inhibit systemic ischemia/reperfusion responses, and treat underlying diseases. In this article, we reviewed the therapeutic effects of SFI in PCAS...
September 2013: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine
Gudrun Bragadottir, Bengt Redfors, Sven-Erik Ricksten
OBJECTIVES: Acute kidney injury develops in a large proportion of patients after cardiac surgery because of the low cardiac output syndrome. The inodilator levosimendan increases cardiac output after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, but a detailed analysis of its effects on renal perfusion, glomerular filtration, and renal oxygenation in this group of patients is lacking. We therefore evaluated the effects of levosimendan on renal blood flow, glomerular filtration rate, renal oxygen consumption, and renal oxygen demand/supply relationship, i...
October 2013: Critical Care Medicine
Ben Wolk, Eric Dandes, Felipe Martinez, Marcelo Helguera, Sergio L Pinski, Jacobo Kirsch
Postcardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) is a frequent clinical entity developing as a complication of cardiac procedures. Some of these may be only minor procedures, such as the insertion of permanent pacer or defibrillator devices. The purpose of this article is to review and illustrate its common imaging findings. PCIS is expected to occur in approximately 1%-2% of patients after pacer or defibrillator device placement. The mechanism of pericarditis following implantation is unclear, but it may involve a direct irritation of the pericardium by minimally protruding electrodes, low-grade bleeding with hemorrhagic pericarditis, and a late autoimmune or inflammatory response to those insults...
July 2013: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
Yang Liu, Chao Wang, Ruifu Zhao, Deli Wan, Han Xie, Guozhu Jin, Jinli Wang, Li Lin, Qigong Liu, Rong Bai
BACKGROUND: Postcardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) is a complication of a variety of cardiac injuries, of which small heart perforation is the etiology that is often unrecognized. We reported a series of patients with PCIS secondary to cardiac perforation during catheter ablation procedures. METHODS AND RESULTS: Out of 1728 radiofrequency catheter ablation procedures, 21 patients (1.2%) were complicated by echo-defined cardiac perforation not requiring surgical intervention...
October 9, 2013: International Journal of Cardiology
Brian W Roberts, J Hope Kilgannon, Michael E Chansky, Neil Mittal, Jonathan Wooden, Joseph E Parrillo, Stephen Trzeciak
OBJECTIVES: Recent guidelines for the treatment of postcardiac arrest syndrome recommend optimization of vital organ perfusion after return of spontaneous circulation to reduce the risk of postresuscitation multiple organ injury. However, the prevalence of extracerebral multiple organ dysfunction in postcardiac arrest patients and its association with in-hospital mortality remain unclear. DESIGN: Single-center, prospective observational study. SETTING: Urban academic medical center...
June 2013: Critical Care Medicine
Kei Hayashida, Motoaki Sano, Naomi Kamimura, Takashi Yokota, Masaru Suzuki, Yuichiro Maekawa, Akio Kawamura, Takayuki Abe, Shigeo Ohta, Keiichi Fukuda, Shingo Hori
BACKGROUND: All clinical and biological manifestations related to postcardiac arrest (CA) syndrome are attributed to ischemia-reperfusion injury in various organs including brain and heart. Molecular hydrogen (H(2)) has potential as a novel antioxidant. This study tested the hypothesis that inhalation of H(2) gas starting at the beginning of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) could improve the outcome of CA. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ventricular fibrillation was induced by transcutaneous electrical epicardial stimulation in rats...
October 2012: Journal of the American Heart Association
Sabino Scolletta, Katia Donadello, Cristina Santonocito, Federico Franchi, Fabio Silvio Taccone
Cardiac arrest (CA) is a major health and economic problem. Management of patients resuscitated from CA is challenging for clinicians, and the mortality rate of those who achieve return of spontaneous circulation remains high. Hypoxic brain injury, cardiovascular abnormalities and systemic ischemia/reperfusion response characterize the so-called 'postcardiac arrest syndrome', which could lead to multiple organ failure and poor outcome after CA. The magnitude of these disorders differs in individual patients, mainly based on the cause and duration of CA and on the severity of the ischemic episode...
November 2012: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Ken Nagao
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The 2010 Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) Guidelines recommended therapeutic hypothermia for postcardiac arrest syndrome as a beneficial and effective treatment. However, the optimal temperature, method, onset, duration and rewarming rate, and therapeutic window remain unknown. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent animal studies have shown that the sooner cooling is initiated after cardiac arrest, the better the outcome. Induction of hypothermia during cardiac arrest before return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) (intra-arrest cooling) enhances its efficacy...
June 2012: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Maria Jaworska-Wilczynska, Elzbieta Abramczuk, Tomasz Hryniewiecki
A 58-year-old man had undergone 2-vessel off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB), 1 month before he was admitted into the hospital with cardiac tamponade due to pericarditis. Postcardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) was diagnosed. In spite of receiving anti-inflammatory treatment, the patient developed relapsing PCIS.
February 2012: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Jae-Bum Kim, Nam-Hee Park, Sae-Young Choi, Hyungseop Kim
Constrictive pericarditis is a rare complication after coronary artery bypass grafting In most cases pericardiectomy is required as a definitive treatment. However, there are several types of constrictive pericarditis such as transient cardiac constriction. Some types of constrictive pericarditis can only be managed with medical therapy. We report a 72-year-old female patient who developed subacute transient constrictive pericarditis with persistent left pleural effusion as a result of postcardiac injury syndrome...
February 2011: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Maria Jaworska-Wilczynska, Elybieta Abramczuk, Tomasz Hryniewiecki
A 58-year-old man had undergone 2-vessel off-pump coronary artery bypass surgery (OPCAB), 1 month before he was admitted into the hospital with cardiac tamponade due to pericarditis. Postcardiac injury syndrome (PCIS) was diagnosed. In spite of receiving anti-inflammatory treatment, the patient developed relapsing PCIS.
November 2011: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
John T Parissis, Pinelopi Rafouli-Stergiou, Vassilios Stasinos, Panagiotis Psarogiannakopoulos, Alexandre Mebazaa
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: ICU patients frequently develop low output syndromes due to cardiac dysfunction, myocardial injury, and inflammatory activation. Conventional inotropic agents seem to be useful in restoring hemodynamic parameters and improving peripheral organ perfusion, but can increase short-term and long-term mortality in these patients. Novel inotropes may be promising in the management of ICU patients, having no serious adverse effects. This review summarizes all the current knowledge about the use of conventional and new inotropic agents in various clinical entities of critically ill patients...
October 2010: Current Opinion in Critical Care
Yang Liu, Lin Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2010: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Jerry P Nolan, Jasmeet Soar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this study is to discuss recent data relating to the treatment of cardiac arrest survivors. This is a rapidly evolving component of resuscitation medicine that impacts significantly on the quality of survival after cardiac arrest. RECENT FINDINGS: The postcardiac arrest syndrome comprises postcardiac arrest brain injury, postcardiac arrest myocardial dysfunction, the systemic ischaemia/reperfusion response, and the persistent precipitating disease...
June 2010: Current Opinion in Critical Care
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