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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161801/impact-of-sarcopenia-on-long-term-mortality-and-cardiovascular-events-in-patients-undergoing-hemodialysis
#1
Jwa-Kyung Kim, Sung Gyun Kim, Ji-Eun Oh, Young-Ki Lee, Jung-Woo Noh, Hyung Jik Kim, Young Rim Song
Background/Aims: A high body mass index (BMI) is known to correlate with better survival in patients on hemodialysis (HD). However, the impacts of body composition and sarcopenia on survival have not been well studied in this population. Methods: One hundred and forty-two prevalent HD patients were recruited and followed prospectively for up to 4.5 years. Low muscle mass (measured using a portable, whole-body, bioimpedance spectroscopic device) was defined as a lean tissue index (LTI) two standard deviations (SD) or more below the normal gender-specific mean for young people...
November 23, 2017: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161790/-anticoagulation-in-patients-with-liver-cirrhosis
#2
REVIEW
Jae Youn Cheong
Cirrhotic patients have bleeding tendencies due to the lack of coagulation factors and thrombocytopenia. However, decreased levels of procoagulants are also accompanied by decreased levels of natural anticoagulants. However, there have been contrasting reports. It has been reported that patients with cirrhosis are at risk for thrombotic complications, including portal vein thrombosis and venous thromboembolism. Physicians consider active anticoagulation for prophylaxis and treatment of portal vein thrombosis and/or venous thromboembolism in cirrhotic patients with high risk of thrombosis...
November 25, 2017: Korean Journal of Gastroenterology, Taehan Sohwagi Hakhoe Chi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161780/assessment-of-relationship-of-abo-blood-groups-among-tobacco-induced-oral-cancer-patients-of-kanpur-population-uttar-pradesh
#3
Gayathri Ramesh, Anuradha Katiyar, Amrita Raj, Amit Kumar, Ramesh Nagarajappa, Amit Pandey
Background: The possibility of association between ABO blood groups and malignancy was first discussed by Anderson DE & Haas C. The association between blood group and oral cancer is least explored and hence this study was undertaken to evaluate relationship of ABO blood groups with an increased risk for oral cancer. Materials and method: The present study was conducted at various cancer hospitals in Kanpur. The study samples comprised 100 oral cancer patients and 50 controls with tobacco chewing habit...
November 2017: Journal of Experimental Therapeutics & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161745/resting-autonomic-function-in-active-and-insufficiently-active-people-living-with-hiv
#4
Norberto Quiles, Carol Garber, Joseph Ciccolo
Autonomic dysfunction appears to be prevalent in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA). However, there are limited data on the resting autonomic responses to exercise in active and insufficiently active PLWHA. We aimed to determine whether active PLWHA have better autonomic responses compared with insufficiently active PLWHA. Active PLWHA receiving anti-retroviral therapy (n=13) and insufficiently active PLWHA (n=10) were recruited. A 10-min recording of the supine electrocardiogram was taken. Resting heart rate variability was analyzed from this electrocardiogram...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161682/socioeconomic-status-disparities-in-late-life-disability-based-on-age-period-and-cohort-in-japan
#5
Hidehiro Sugisawa, Ken Harada, Yoko Sugihara, Shizuko Yanagisawa, Masaya Shinmei
INTRODUCTION: Effects of disparities in socioeconomic status (SES) on late-life disabilities have been reported around the world. However, there are only a few studies that have examined age, period, and cohort dependent influences of SES disparities on late-life disabilities. We investigated associations between SES disparities and late-life disability based on the Age-Period-Cohort. We also investigated how macro-economic conditions unique to a period, or a cohort might explain the period or the cohort trends...
November 14, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161654/prevalence-of-various-environmental-intolerances-in-a-swedish-and-finnish-general-population
#6
Kirsi Karvala, Markku Sainio, Eva Palmquist, Maj-Helen Nyback, Steven Nordin
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of various environmental intolerances (EIs), using several criteria in a Swedish and a Finnish general population. Ill-health attributed to low-level environmental exposures is a commonly encountered challenge in occupational and environmental medicine. METHODS: In population-based questionnaire surveys, the Västerbotten Environmental Health Study (Sweden) and the Österbotten Environmental Health Study (Finland), EI was inquired by one-item questions on symptom attribution to chemicals, certain buildings, or electromagnetic fields (EMFs), and difficulties tolerating sounds...
November 18, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161631/perceived-epilepsy-stigma-mediates-relationships-between-personality-and-social-well-being-in-a-diverse-epilepsy-population
#7
Seth A Margolis, Luba Nakhutina, Sarah G Schaffer, Arthur C Grant, Jeffrey S Gonzalez
INTRODUCTION: Perceived epilepsy stigma and reduced social well-being are prevalent sources of distress in people with epilepsy (PWE). Yet, research on patient-level correlates of these difficulties is lacking, especially among underserved groups. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Racially/ethnically diverse adults with intractable seizures (N=60, 62% female; 79% Black, 20% Hispanic/Latino, 8% White) completed validated measures of personality (NEO Five Factor Inventory, NEO-FFI-3), perceived epilepsy stigma (Epilepsy Stigma Scale, ESS), and quality of life (Quality of Life Inventory in Epilepsy, QOLIE-89)...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161630/active-epilepsy-prevalence-the-treatment-gap-and-treatment-gap-risk-profile-in-eastern-china-a-population-based-study
#8
Xiaoyan Ding, Yang Zheng, Yi Guo, Chunhong Shen, Shan Wang, Feng Chen, Shengqiang Yan, Meiping Ding
We measured the prevalence of active epilepsy and investigated the treatment gap and treatment gap risk profile in eastern China. This was a cross-sectional population-based survey conducted in Zhejiang, China, from October 2013 to March 2014. A total 54,976 people were selected using multi-stage cluster sampling. A two-stage questionnaire-based process was used to identify patients with active epilepsy and to record their demographic, socioeconomic, and epilepsy-related features. Logistic regression analysis was used to analyze risk factors of the treatment gap in eastern China, as adjusted for age and sex...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161608/the-underlying-mechanism-of-deficits-of-speech-comprehension-and-hallucinations-in-chinese-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
Jiuju Wang, Taeko N Wydell, Linjun Zhang, Wenxiang Quan, Ju Tian, Jin Liu, Wentian Dong
Sentence context and fundamental frequency (F0) contours are important factors to speech perception and comprehension. In Chinese-Mandarin, lexical tones can be distinguished by the F0 contours. Previous studies found healthy people could use the cue of context to recover the phonological representations of lexical tones from the altered tonal patterns to comprehend the sentences in quiet condition, but can not in noise environment. Lots of research showed that patients with schizophrenia have deficits of speech perception and comprehension...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161597/sustainability-of-mega-water-diversion-projects-experience-and-lessons-from-china
#10
Min Yu, Chaoran Wang, Yi Liu, Gustaf Olsson, Chunyan Wang
Water availability and water demand are not evenly distributed in time and space. Many mega water diversion projects have been launched to alleviate water shortages in China. This paper analyzes the temporal and spatial features of 59 mega water diversion projects in China using statistical analysis. The relationship between nine major basins is measured using a network analysis method, and the associated economic, environmental and social impacts are explored using an impact analysis method. The study finds the development of water diversion has experienced four stages in China, from a starting period through to a period of high-speed development...
November 18, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161536/multiple-health-conditions-and-barriers-to-healthcare-among-older-australians-prevalence-reasons-and-types-of-barriers
#11
Jeromey B Temple, Ruth Williams
Accompanying population ageing is an increase in the number of older Australians living with multiple health conditions and disabilities (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare 2014). This study sought to examine the barriers to accessing healthcare faced by older Australians. Utilising the 2014 Australian Bureau of Statistics General Social Survey, it was found that 6% of respondents aged 50 years and over reported experiencing a barrier to accessing healthcare within the previous 12 months. Those with multiple health conditions are at a considerably higher risk of experiencing a barrier to healthcare (21% with four or more disabilities) compared with people with no or fewer health conditions, and this risk persists once wide-ranging control variables are included...
November 22, 2017: Australian Journal of Primary Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161526/individualism-collectivism-social-self-control-and-adolescent-substance-use-and-risky-sexual-behavior
#12
Pallav Pokhrel, Brooke L Bennett, Sakshi Regmi, Bulat Idrisov, Artur Galimov, Leila Akhmadeeva, Steve Sussman
Individualism and collectivism are cultural syndromes that have been associated with adolescent problem behavior in studies conducted in the U.S. and Southeast Asia. However, research investigating the mechanisms of how cultural orientation impacts health risk behaviors has been limited. This study tested a new model explaining the relationship between cultural orientation (i.e., individualism, collectivism) and adolescent problem behavior (i.e., substance use and risky sex) in terms of interpersonal self-regulation (i...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161492/bionomics-of-anopheles-nyssorhynchus-albimanus-diptera-culicidae-in-two-villages-of-the-way%C3%A3%C2%BAu-people-riohacha-la-guajira-colombia
#13
Airleth Sofía Díaz, Aura Isabel Sotelo, Catalina González-Uribe, Helena L Brochero
INTRODUCTION: Riohacha, capital of the department of La Guajira, reports the highest rates for malaria in the department, and the most vulnerable people are those of the Wayúu indigenous group. OBJECTIVE: To describe some aspects of the bionomics of the Anopheles species in two Wayúu settlements. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Two sampling events were carried out during dry and rainy seasons in Marbacella and El Horno (Riohacha, La Guajira). Immature stages of Anopheles spp...
March 29, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161458/proton-pump-inhibitors-for-functional-dyspepsia
#14
REVIEW
Maria Ines Pinto-Sanchez, Yuhong Yuan, Ahmed Hassan, Premysl Bercik, Paul Moayyedi
BACKGROUND: Functional dyspepsia (FD or non-ulcer dyspepsia) is defined as continuous or frequently recurring epigastric pain or discomfort for which no organic cause can be found. Acid suppressive therapy, including proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), has been proposed as a therapeutic option in FD, but its efficacy remains controversial. While PPIs are generally considered safe and well tolerated, they have been associated with adverse events, especially in the long term. For this reason, decisions on whether to initiate or continue PPI therapy should be made based on an appropriate clinical indication...
November 21, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161456/integrated-care-with-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
Melissa E Lewis, Laurelle L Myhra
INTRODUCTION: The integration of behavioral health into medical care is related to positive results including improved patient health outcomes, provider satisfaction, and cost-offset. Indigenous people suffer from the highest health disparities in the nation and disproportionately experience barriers to health care; yet it is unknown if integrated care is effective for this population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was completed on the state of integrated care at Indigenous-serving health care sites in 2014 and was updated in 2016...
2017: American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: the Journal of the National Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161435/erratum-to-douglas-et-al-evacuating-people-and-their-pets-older-floridians-need-for-and-proximity-to-pet-friendly-shelters
#16
Rachel Douglas, Ayberk Kocatepe, Anne E Barrett, Eren Erman Ozguven, Clayton Gumber
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161403/school-practices-important-for-students-sexual-health-analysis-of-the-school-health-research-network-survey-in-wales
#17
Honor Young, Sara Jayne Long, Britt Hallingberg, Adam Fletcher, Gillian Hewitt, Simon Murphy, Graham F Moore
Background: This study investigates how the sexual health outcomes of a representative sample of students aged 15-16 in Wales vary according to the person delivering Sex and Relationships Education (SRE) in schools, students' access to on-site sexual health services and access to free condoms. Methods: Cross-sectional, self-report survey data were collected from students who participated in the 2015/16 School Health Research Network questionnaire in Wales. Data were analyzed from 59 schools, totalling 3781 students aged 15-16 (M = 15...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161394/managing-anaesthetic-provision-for-global-disasters
#18
R M Craven
The numbers of people affected by large-scale disasters has increased in recent decades. Disasters produce a huge burden of surgical morbidity at a time when the affected country is least able to respond. For this reason an international disaster response is often required. For many years this disaster response was not coordinated. The response consisted of what was available not what was needed and standards of care varied widely producing a healthcare lottery for the affected population. In recent years the World Health organisation has initiated the Emergency Medical Team programme to coordinate the response to disasters and set minimum standards for responding teams...
December 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161361/trajectories-of-frailty-among-chinese-older-people-in-hong-kong-between-2001-and-2012-an-age-period-cohort-analysis
#19
Ruby Yu, Moses Wong, K C Chong, Billy Chang, C M Lum, T W Auyeung, Jenny Lee, Ruby Lee, Jean Woo
Background: there is little evidence to suggest that older people today are living in better health than their predecessors did at the same age. Only a few studies have evaluated whether there are birth cohort effects on frailty, an indicator of health in older people, encompassing physical, functional and mental health dimensions. Objectives: this study examined longitudinal trajectories of frailty among Chinese older people in Hong Kong. Methods: this study utilised data from the 18 Elderly Health Centres of the Department of Health comprising a total of 417,949 observations from 94,550 community-dwelling Chinese people aged ≥65 years in one early birth cohort (1901-23) and four later birth cohorts (1924-29, 1930-35, 1936-41, 1942-47) collected between 2001 and 2012, to examine trajectories of the frailty index and how birth cohorts may have contributed to the trends using an age-period-cohort analysis...
November 17, 2017: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161282/altruistic-behavior-in-cohesive-social-groups-the-role-of-target-identifiability
#20
Ilana Ritov, Tehila Kogut
People's tendency to be more generous toward identifiable victims than toward unidentifiable or statistical victims is known as the Identifiable Victim Effect. Recent research has called the generality of this effect into question, showing that in cross-national contexts, identifiability mostly affects willingness to help victims of one's own "in-group." Furthermore, in inter-group conflict situations, identifiability increased generosity toward a member of the adversary group, but decreased generosity toward a member of one's own group...
2017: PloS One
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