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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651398/-awareness-of-health-co-benefits-of-carbon-emissions-reduction-in-urban-residents-in-beijing-a-cross-sectional-survey
#1
J H Gao, Y Zhang, J Wang, H J Chen, G B Zhang, X B Liu, H X Wu, J Li, J Li, Q Y Liu
Objective: To understand the awareness of the health co-benefits of carbon emission reduction in urban residents in Beijing and the influencing factors, and provide information for policy decision on carbon emission reduction and health education campaigns. Methods: Four communities were selected randomly from Fangshan, Haidian, Huairou and Dongcheng districts of Beijing, respectively. The sample size was estimated by using Kish-Leslie formula for descriptive analysis. 90 participants were recruited from each community...
May 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651296/early-discharge-hospital-at-home
#2
REVIEW
Daniela C Gonçalves-Bradley, Steve Iliffe, Helen A Doll, Joanna Broad, John Gladman, Peter Langhorne, Suzanne H Richards, Sasha Shepperd
BACKGROUND: Early discharge hospital at home is a service that provides active treatment by healthcare professionals in the patient's home for a condition that otherwise would require acute hospital inpatient care. This is an update of a Cochrane review. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effectiveness and cost of managing patients with early discharge hospital at home compared with inpatient hospital care. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases to 9 January 2017: the Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group (EPOC) register, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, and EconLit...
June 26, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651293/-tuberculosis-guideline-for-adults-guideline-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tuberculosis-including-ltbi-testing-and-treatment-of-the-german-central-committee-dzk-and-the-german-respiratory-society-dgp
#3
Tom Schaberg, Torsten Bauer, Folke Brinkmann, Roland Diel, Cornelia Feiterna-Sperling, Walter Haas, Pia Hartmann, Barbara Hauer, Jan Heyckendorf, Christoph Lange, Albert Nienhaus, Ralf Otto-Knapp, Martin Priwitzer, Elvira Richter, Rudolf Rumetshofer, Karl Schenkel, Otto Dagobert Schoch, Nicolas Schönfeld, Ralf Stahlmann
Since 2015 a significant increase in tuberculosis cases is notified in Germany, mostly due to rising numbers of migrants connected to the recent refugee crisis. Because of the low incidence in previous years, knowledge on tuberculosis is more and more limited to specialized centers. However, lung specialist and healthcare workers of other fields have contact to an increasing number of tuberculosis patients. In this situation, guidance for the management of standard therapy and especially for uncommon situations will be essential...
June 2017: Pneumologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651147/desalinated-drinking-water-in-the-gcc-countries-the-need-to-address-consumer-perceptions
#4
Basem Shomar, Jalal Hawari
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries consist of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. These countries depend mainly on seawater desalination to meet their water needs. Although great emphasis is given to characterize desalinated water for its physicochemical and microbial properties, e.g. presence of metals, other organic contaminants and for bacteria, sensorial characteristics including smell, taste and color have not received the same attention. This is possibly attributed to the fact that inhabitants of GCC States do not use desalinated tap water for drinking consumption, rather they depend on locally produced or imported bottled water where color, taste and odor are not problematic...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651124/a-review-of-people-who-did-not-attend-an-epilepsy-clinic-and-their-clinical-outcomes
#5
I Minshall, A Neligan
PURPOSE: To review the clinical outcomes of people who failed to attend or failed subsequent follow up in a Primary Care based specialist epilepsy service. METHOD: The case notes of 200 people who had failed to initially attend the service or subsequent follow up from 2005 to 2013 were reviewed. RESULTS: Clinical outcomes were determined for 152 people, with the remaining 48 having left the area. For those not attending at all, 64% had no further recorded events, a further 22% came under alternative specialist care and were managed appropriately, 6% were already in remission at the time of referral or at follow up and stayed seizure free...
June 17, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651118/magnesium-in-schizophrenia
#6
REVIEW
Michal Ordak, Joanna Matras, Elzbieta Muszynska, Tadeusz Nasierowski, Magdalena Bujalska-Zadrozny
Many psychopathological symptoms, including schizophrenia, can be associated with magnesium metabolism disturbances. In the literature, contradictory data exist regarding magnesium levels in patients with this disorder. However, this situation might be caused by determination of extracellular concentration of magnesium; although, this is mainly an intracellular ion. There are no data concerning determination of the ionized fraction of magnesium in patients with schizophrenia, while the ionized fraction represents 67% of the total pool of magnesium in healthy people...
April 12, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651117/mantle-cell-lymphoma-current-standards-of-care-and-future-directions
#7
REVIEW
Peter Martin, Paola Ghione, Martin Dreyling
Over the past decade we have seen significant changes in the biological characterization and strategies for treatment of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL). MCL is heterogeneous a disease, and so are the people that have it; although guidelines are appropriate, therapeutic approaches must be individualized based on a variety of factors. In this review, we summarize data on the range of therapeutic options, from observation in patients with slowly progressive low-tumor-burden MCL, to bendamustine-based regimens in typical MCL, to high-dose cytarabine-based regimens in young, fit patients...
June 13, 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651113/trends-in-pieds-use-among-male-clients-of-needle-syringe-programs-in-queensland-australia-2007-2015
#8
B Jacka, A Peacock, L Degenhardt, R Bruno, P Clare, R Kemp, A Dev, B Larance
BACKGROUND: Increased utilisation of needle-syringe programs (NSP) by men who inject performance and image-enhancing drugs (PIEDs) has been reported. While fewer in number, people who inject PIEDs possess distinct service and knowledge needs compared to other NSP clients. METHODS: Using standardised data from 26 NSP outlets through the Queensland NSP Minimum Data Set (QNSPMDS), trends in occasions of services among males intending to inject PIEDs were assessed using multilevel mixed-effects negative binomial regression, adjusting for month, year, and age, and clustering by site...
June 23, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651096/predicting-actions-from-subtle-preparatory-movements
#9
Maryam Vaziri-Pashkam, Sarah Cormiea, Ken Nakayama
To study how people anticipate others' actions, we designed a competitive reaching task. Subjects faced each other separated by a Plexiglas screen and their finger movements in 3D space were recorded with sensors. The first subject (Attacker) was instructed to touch one of two horizontally arranged targets on the screen. The other subject (Blocker) touched the same target as quickly as possible. Average finger reaction times (fRTs) were fast, much faster than reactions to a dot moving on the screen in the same manner as the Attacker's finger...
June 23, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650969/development-and-psychometric-properties-of-knee-specific-body-perception-questionnaire-in-people-with-knee-osteoarthritis-the-fremantle-knee-awareness-questionnaire
#10
Tomohiko Nishigami, Akira Mibu, Katsuyoshi Tanaka, Yuh Yamashita, Eiji Yamada, Benedict M Wand, Mark J Catley, Tasha R Stanton, G Lorimer Moseley
BACKGROUND: Recent systematic reviews have demonstrated that pain associated with knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a complex phenomenon that involves various contributors. People with knee OA exhibit symptoms of impaired body-perception, including reduced tactile acuity, impairments in limb laterality recognition, and degraded proprioceptive acuity. The Fremantle Back Awareness Questionnaire (FreBAQ) was developed to assess body-perception specific to the back in people with chronic low back pain...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650968/improving-hydropower-choices-via-an-online-and-open-access-tool
#11
Thais Vilela, John Reid
This paper describes and validates the HydroCalculator Tool developed by Conservation Strategy Fund. The HydroCalculator Tool allows researchers, policy-makers and citizens to easily assess hydropower feasibility, by calculating traditional financial indicators, such as the levelized cost of energy, as well as greenhouse gas emissions and the economic net present value including emissions costs. Currently, people other than project developers have limited or no access to such information, which stifles informed public debate on electric energy options...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650959/peridomestic-aedes-malayensis-and-aedes-albopictus-are-capable-vectors-of-arboviruses-in-cities
#12
Ian H Mendenhall, Menchie Manuel, Mahesh Moorthy, Theodore T M Lee, Dolyce H W Low, Dorothée Missé, Duane J Gubler, Brett R Ellis, Eng Eong Ooi, Julien Pompon
BACKGROUND: Dengue and chikungunya are global re-emerging mosquito-borne diseases. In Singapore, sustained vector control coupled with household improvements reduced domestic mosquito populations for the past 45 years, particularly the primary vector Aedes aegypti. However, while disease incidence was low for the first 30 years following vector control implementation, outbreaks have re-emerged in the past 15 years. Epidemiological observations point to the importance of peridomestic infection in areas not targeted by control programs...
June 26, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650930/clozapine-use-in-a-cohort-of-first-episode-psychosis
#13
Roisin Doyle, Caragh Behan, Donal OʼKeeffe, Sarah Masterson, Anthony Kinsella, Aine Kelly, Ann Sheridan, Dolores Keating, Caroline Hynes, Kevin Madigan, Elizabeth Lawlor, Mary Clarke
PURPOSE/BACKGROUND: For approximately one third of individuals treated for psychosis or schizophrenia, antipsychotic medications will have little or no therapeutic benefit. Clozapine remains the sole medication approved for treatment-resistant schizophrenia, and studies have demonstrated its superior efficacy in reducing psychotic symptoms. METHODS/PROCEDURES: Data were collected from the medical records of people who originally presented with a first-episode psychosis between 1995 and 1999 (N = 171)...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650860/what-is-the-effect-of-strength-training-on-pain-and-sleep-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia
#14
Alexandro Andrade, Guilherme Torres Vilarino, Guilherme Guimarães Bevilacqua
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to investigate the effect of an 8-wk structured strength training program on pain and sleep quality in patients with fibromyalgia. DESIGN: Fifty-two patients with fibromyalgia were evaluated; 31 submitted to strength training and 21 comprised the control group. The instruments used were the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire and The Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index. The questionnaires were applied before the first training session, at 12 sessions, and after 24 sessions...
June 24, 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650816/collision-avoidance-behavior-between-walkers-global-and-local-motion-cues
#15
Laurentius Lynch, Richard Kulpa, Antonius Laurentius Meerhoff, Julien Pettre, Armel Cretual, Anne-Helene Olivier
Daily activities require agents to interact with each other, such as during collision avoidance. The nature of visual information that is used for a collision free interaction requires further understanding. We aim to manipulate the nature of visual information in two forms, global and local information appearances. Sixteen healthy participants navigated towards a target in an immersive computer-assisted virtual environment (CAVE) using a joystick. A moving passive obstacle crossed the participant?s trajectory perpendicularly at various pre-defined risks of collision distances...
June 22, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650781/rapid-maxillary-expansion-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-young-patients-cardio-respiratory-monitoring
#16
Alfio Buccheri, Fabio Chinè, Giovanni Fratto, Licia Manzon
OBJECTIVE(S): Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is a respiratory disorder which affects from 1 to 3 % of people during development. OSAS treatment may be pharmacological, surgical or based on application of intraoral devices to increase nasal respiratory spaces. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of the Rapid Maxillary Expander in OSAS young patients by measuring cardio-respiratory monitoring parameters (AHI, the average value of complete and incomplete obstructed respiration per hour of sleep, and SAO2, the percentage of oxygen saturation)...
2017: Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650695/experiences-of-family-stigma-among-mothers-of-adult-children-with-mental-illness-in-south-korea
#17
Myung-Sun Hyun, Hyang-In Cho Chung, Hyunlye Kim
People with mental illness suffer from stigma in addition to the illness itself; their families also suffer from the stigma of having a family member with a mental illness. The aim of the present study was to explore the lived experiences of the family stigma among mothers of mentally ill children in South Korea. The work was qualitative in nature; we used the phenomenological method of Colaizzi. Mothers with an adult child enrolled as mentally ill patients in the Mental Health Centre of K Province in South Korea were eligible for inclusion...
June 26, 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650399/social-network-clustering-and-the-spread-of-hiv-aids-among-persons-who-inject-drugs-in-two-cities-in-the-philippines
#18
Ashton M Verdery, Nalyn Siripong, Brian W Pence
INTRODUCTION: The Philippines has seen rapid increases in HIV prevalence among people who inject drugs. We study two neighboring cities where a linked HIV epidemic differed in timing of onset and levels of prevalence. In Cebu, prevalence rose rapidly from under 1% to 54% between 2009 and 2011 and remained high through 2013. In nearby Mandaue, HIV remained below 4% through 2011 then rose rapidly to 38% by 2013. OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that infection prevalence differences in these cities may owe to aspects of social network structure, specifically levels of network clustering...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650386/corneal-nerve-morphology-and-tear-film-substance-p-in-diabetes
#19
Maria Markoulli, Jingjing You, Juno Kim, Carmen L Duong, Jonathan B Tolentino, Joshua Karras, Edward Lum
PURPOSE: This work aims to characterize the relationship between tear film neuropeptide substance P and the structural integrity of the sub-basal nerve plexus in diabetes. METHODS: Seventeen healthy control participants and nine participants with diabetes were recruited in this cross-sectional study. Total protein content and substance P concentrations were determined in the flush tears of participants. Corneal nerve morphology was assessed by capturing the corneal sub-basal nerve plexus using the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph II with the Rostock Corneal Module (Heidelberg Engineering GmbH, Heidelberg, Germany) in the central cornea...
July 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650380/high-levels-of-post-migration-hiv-acquisition-within-nine-european-countries
#20
Debora Alvarez-Del Arco, Fakoya Ibidun, Christos Thomadakis, Nikos Pantazis, Giota Touloumi, Anne-Francoise Gennotte, Freke Zuure, Henrique Barros, Cornelia Staehelin, Siri Göpel, Christoph Boesecke, Tullio Prestileo, Alain Volny-Anne, Fiona Burns, Julia Del Amo
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to estimate the proportion of post-migration HIV acquisition among HIV-positive migrants in Europe. DESIGN: To reach HIV positive migrants we designed a cross sectional study performed in HIV clinics. METHODS: The study was conducted from July 2013-July 2015 in 57 clinics (9 European countries, targeting individuals over 18 years diagnosed in the preceding 5 years and born abroad. Electronic questionnaires supplemented with clinical data were completed in any of 15 languages...
June 23, 2017: AIDS
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