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Urologic oncology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343908/pet-ct-and-pet-mr-in-urological-cancers-other-than-prostate-cancer-an-update-on-state-of-the-art
#1
REVIEW
Abdul Razik, Chandan Jyoti Das, Sanjay Sharma
Hybrid positron emission tomography with computed tomography (PET/CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (PET/MRI) have enabled the combination of morphologic and functional imaging with the promise of providing better information in guiding therapy. Further advance has been made in the past decade with the development of newer radiotracers and optimization of the technical aspects. We performed a search in PubMed, Scopus, and Google Scholar for peer-reviewed literature concerning the advances and newer developments in the imaging of nonprostate urologic cancers between 2005 and 2017...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339653/adherence-to-the-european-association-of-urology-guidelines-a-national-survey-among-italian-urologists
#2
Giovanni Cacciamani, Walter Artibani, Alberto Briganti, James N'Dow
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to explore adherence to the European Urological Association (EAU) Guidelines (GLs) grade A recommendation among Italian urologists. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 13-item multiple-choice questionnaire covering oncological and non-oncological urological diseases was e-mailed to all Italian Urologist Society (Società Italiana di Urologia or SIU) members. We asked members to provide an explanation for their answer choice where needed. The quantitative data were tested using the Pearson's chi-square test...
January 16, 2018: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336340/-training-program-on-medical-urology-future-perspectives
#3
Javier Gil Moradillo, Fernando Cabrera Meiras, Manuel Alonso Isa, Alba Lara Isla, Juan Justo Quintas, Esther García Rojo, Daniel González Padilla, Borja García Gómez, José Medina Polo, Javier Romero Otero
Urology is defined as the medical-surgical specialty that includes the study, diagnosis and treatment of medical conditions of the urinary system. It is well specified by the National Commission of Specialties that we must know the medical pathology that concerns us. However, on occasions, resident training focuses on the surgical field and oncological pathology, which, although one of the main pillars of the specialty, is usually to the detriment of training in medical and functional pathology. We conducted a survey of residents in the fourth year of Urology in Spain, where we asked about the quality of training in Andrology and Functional Urology...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336339/-training-program-in-oncologic-urology-future-prospectives
#4
Mario Alvarez-Maestro, Juan Gómez Rivas, Alfredo Aguilera Bazán, Luis Martínez-Piñeiro, Alvaro Juarez Soto, Jose Manuel Cozar Olmo, Manuel Esteban Fuertes
Urology is a medical-surgical specialty that deals with the study, diagnosis and treatment of the medical and surgical diseases of the urinary apparatus and retroperitoneum in both sexes and the male genital apparatus without age limit, due to congenital, traumatic, septic, metabolic, obstructive and oncological conditions. Urologic oncology is the broadest urological part, where research and new advances make continuous learning essential. In this chapter we treat all academic features related with training in the field of Urooncology...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331546/clinically-localized-prostate-cancer-aua-astro-suo-guideline-part-ii-recommended-approaches-and-details-of-specific-care-options
#5
Martin G Sanda, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Erin Kirkby, Ronald C Chen, Tony Crispino, Joann Fontanarosa, Stephen J Freedland, Kirsten Greene, Laurence H Klotz, Danil V Makarov, Joel B Nelson, George Rodrigues, Howard M Sandler, Mary Ellen Taplin, Jonathan R Treadwell
PURPOSE: This guideline is structured to provide a clinical framework stratified by cancer severity to facilitate care decisions and guide the specifics of implementing the selected management options. The summary presented herein represents Part II of the two-part series dedicated to Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer: AUA/ASTRO/SUO Guideline discussing risk stratification and care options by cancer severity. Please refer to Part I for discussion of specific care options and outcome expectations and management...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331304/gender-representation-in-urological-subspecialties
#6
Oluwarotimi S Nettey, Joceline S Fuchs, Stephanie J Kielb, Edward M Schaeffer
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between urologic subspecialization, surgeon gender and practice patterns among certifying urologists over the last 13 years. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Demographic data of certifying and recertifying urologists (2004 to 2015) was obtained from the American Board of Urology (ABU). We investigated gender-specific trends in self-reported practice type (academic practice, private practice), subspecialization, and employment as a full-time versus part-time physician, relative to certification year and cycle...
January 10, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322234/-efficacy-of-a-ketogenic-diet-in-urological-cancers-patients-a-systematic-review
#7
P Maisch, J E Gschwend, M Retz
BACKGROUND: Beside the classical anticancer treatment tumor patients try to find proactive alternative therapies to fight their disease. Lifestyle changes such as introducing a ketogenic diet is one of the most popular among them. The German Association of Urological Oncology (AUO, Arbeitsgemeinschaft Urologische Onkologie) presents a systematic review investigating the evidence of ketogenic diet in cancer patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic literature research was conducted in the databases Medline, Livivo, and the Cochrane Library...
January 10, 2018: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317515/intratumoural-heterogeneity-may-hinder-precision-medicine-strategies-in-patients-with-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#8
Maria Rosaria Raspollini, Ilaria Montagnani, Rodolfo Montironi, Francesca Castiglione, Guido Martignoni, Liang Cheng, Antonio Lopez-Beltran
Clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) is an heterogeneous tumour at architectural, cellular and molecular level, a reason why the 2014 International Society of Urological Pathology consensus recommended wide sampling of RCC masses to include at least 1 block/cm of tumour together with perpendicular sections of the tumour/perinephric fat interface and the tumour/renal sinus interface. Intratumoural molecular heterogeneity may be a limitation at the moment of defining precision medicine strategies based on gene mutation status...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311016/the-development-of-brain-metastases-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-epidemiologic-trends-survival-and-clinical-risk-factors-using-a-population-based-cohort
#9
Maxine Sun, Guillermo De Velasco, Priscilla K Brastianos, Ayal A Aizer, Allison Martin, Raphael Moreira, Paul L Nguyen, Quoc-Dien Trinh, Toni K Choueiri
BACKGROUND: The incidence of brain metastases (BM) in patients with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) is hypothesized to have increased in the last 2 decades. OBJECTIVE: To define incidence trends according to patient and clinical characteristics, to identify risk factors, and to describe outcomes of patients with BM for RCC. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: Patients diagnosed with RCC between the years 2010 and 2013 within the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database...
January 5, 2018: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303914/current-opinion-in-urology-2017-focal-therapy-of-small-renal-lesions
#10
Brett A Johnson, Jeffrey A Cadeddu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With the increasing incidence of small renal masses (SRMs), ablative technologies are becoming more commonly utilized. With any nascent treatment modality, outcomes literature needs to be constantly re-evaluated. The purpose of this review is to revisit the most updated literature regarding the safety and efficacy of ablative treatments of renal lesions. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent literature demonstrates that small renal tumor ablation is safe and effective...
January 4, 2018: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289519/contemporary-patterns-of-multidisciplinary-care-in-patients-with-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer
#11
Lauren C Harshman, Abhishek Tripathi, Matthew Kaag, Jason A Efstathiou, Andrea B Apolo, Jean H Hoffman-Censits, Walter M Stadler, Evan Y Yu, Bernard H Bochner, Eila C Skinner, Tracy Downs, Anne E Kiltie, Dean F Bajorin, Khurshid Guru, William U Shipley, Gary D Steinberg, Noah M Hahn, Srikala S Sridhar
BACKGROUND: Multidisciplinary clinics integrate the expertise of several specialties to provide effective treatment to patients. This exposure is especially relevant in the management of muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC), which requires critical input from urology, radiation oncology, and medical oncology, among other supportive specialties. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the present study, we sought to catalog the different styles of multidisciplinary care models used in the management of MIBC and to identify barriers to their implementation...
December 6, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273351/to-oophorectomy-or-not-to-oophorectomy-practice-patterns-among-urologists-treating-bladder-cancer
#12
Rachael D Sussman, Chihun J Han, Daniel Marchalik, Filipe L Carvahlo, Meghan F Davis, Lee A Richter, Stephanie L Wethington, Lambros Stamatakis
OBJECTIVES: Classically, radical cystectomy (RC) involves hysterectomy and bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy (BSO). Current understanding of ovarian cancer pathogenesis and effect of premature oophorectomy has lead to a shift within gynecology toward risk-reducing salpingectomy without oophorectomy in the absence of gynecologic malignancy. The purpose of this study was to assess knowledge base and practice patterns of urologic oncologists with regard to management of the gynecological organs at the time of RC...
December 19, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260629/new-urologic-oncology-drugs-and-the-new-toxicities
#13
EDITORIAL
Leonard G Gomella
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246796/current-state-of-renal-tumor-surgery-among-pediatric-surgeons-and-pediatric-urologists-a-survey-of-american-pediatric-surgical-association-apsa-and-society-for-pediatric-urology-spu-members
#14
Nicholas G Cost, Jennifer H Aldrink, Amanda F Saltzman, Roshni Dasgupta, Kenneth W Gow, Richard Glick, Peter F Ehrlich
INTRODUCTION: Anecdotally, renal tumor (RT) surgery makes up a limited portion of the practice for most pediatric urologists and pediatric surgeons. Data are lacking on the current perceptions of RT surgery, both volume of surgery and issues related to surgical practice, among pediatric surgeons (PS) and pediatric urologists (PU). OBJECTIVES: To describe practice patterns of pediatric renal tumor (RT) surgery and identify factors related to higher reported volumes of RT surgery...
December 2, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241310/indocyanine-green-fluorescence-guided-sentinel-lymph-node-identification-in-urologic-cancers-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Fouad Aoun, Simone Albisinni, Marc Zanaty, Toufic Hassan, Gunter Janetschek, Roland van Velthoven
INTRODUCTION: To date, bilateral pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) represents the most accurate and reliable staging procedure for the detection of lymph node invasion in prostate cancer and bladder cancer. However, the procedure is not devoid of complications. In this field, Indocyanine green fluorescence-guided sentinel lymph node (SLN) identification is an emerging and promising technique, as accurate staging of urologic cancer could be enhanced by a thorough evaluation of the sentinel lymph nodes...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232271/robotic-surgery-in-urology-facts-and-reality-what-are-the-real-advantages-of-robotic-approaches-for-prostate-cancer-patients
#16
Guillaume Ploussard
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Despite the worldwile increasing use of robotic assistance for oncology surgery, no level 1 evidence-based benefit favoring robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) versus pure laparoscopic or open approaches has been demonstrated. We aimed to perform an update of the available evidence by evaluating most recent 2016-2017 data. RECENT FINDINGS: Population-based and prospective nonrandomized studies and one phase III randomised trial have been recently published...
December 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218255/oncology-section-edge-task-force-on-urogenital-cancer-a-systematic-review-of-clinical-measures-for-incontinence
#17
Alicia Jeffrey, Shana E Harrington, Alexandra Hill, Amanda Roscow, Meryl Alappattu
Background: Compared to the general population, women and men with urogenital and colorectal cancer experience higher rates of urinary and fecal incontinence. Although a variety of measures exist to assess these areas, currently, there are no guidelines recommending which outcomes rehabilitation professionals should administer to examine these impairments in those with cancer. Purpose: To identify outcome measures for assessing urinary and fecal incontinence and evaluate their psychometric data and applicability to the cancer population...
July 2017: Rehabilitation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211320/consensus-statements-on-the-management-of-metastatic-prostate-cancer-from-the-hong-kong-urological-association-and-hong-kong-society-of-uro-oncology
#18
REVIEW
Darren Ming-Chun Poon, Chi-Kwok Chan, Tim-Wai Chan, Foon-Yiu Cheung, Philip Wai-Kay Kwong, Eric Ka-Chai Lee, Angus Kwong-Chuen Leung, Simon Yiu-Lam Leung, Wai-Kit Ma, Hing-Shing So, Po-Chor Tam, Lap-Yin Ho
OBJECTIVES: To establish a set of consensus statements to facilitate physician management strategies for patients with metastatic prostate cancer (mPC) in Hong Kong. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A local expert consensus was organised jointly by the two main professional organisations representing prostate cancer specialists in Hong Kong. A total of 12 experts were included in the consensus panel. Six of the most crucial and relevant areas of debate regarding the management of mPC were identified...
December 6, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203991/postoperative-delirium-in-indian-patients-following-major-abdominal-surgery-for-cancer-risk-factors-and-associations
#19
Vibhawari Dhakharia, Subir Sinha, Jaydip Bhaumik
Postoperative delirium (POD) is not uncommon following major abdominal surgery with its incidence ranging between five and 51%. As cancer affects disproportionately, the population older than 65 years and as delirium is more common in the elderly, surgical oncology patients are at a higher risk of developing POD. The present study was undertaken to explore the impact and associations of POD in Indian patients undergoing oncological major abdominal surgery. A retrospective review of the electronic medical records in a tertiary cancer care institution of all postoperative patients who had undergone major gastrointestinal gynaecological and urological abdominal surgery for cancer and required psycho-oncology referral was performed...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203269/clinically-localized-prostate-cancer-aua-astro-suo-guideline-part-i-risk-stratification-shared-decision-making-and-care-options
#20
Martin G Sanda, Jeffrey A Cadeddu, Erin Kirkby, Ronald C Chen, Tony Crispino, Joann Fontanarosa, Stephen J Freedland, Kirsten Greene, Laurence H Klotz, Danil V Makarov, Joel B Nelson, George Rodrigues, Howard M Sandler, Mary Ellen Taplin, Jonathan R Treadwell
PURPOSE: This guideline is structured to provide a clinical framework stratified by cancer severity to facilitate care decisions and guide the specifics of implementing the selected management options. The summary presented represents Part I of the two-part series dedicated to Clinically Localized Prostate Cancer: AUA/ASTRO/SUO Guideline discussing risk stratification and care options by cancer severity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The systematic review utilized in the creation of this guideline was completed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality and through additional supplementation by ECRI Institute...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Urology
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