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Stony Brook

Ekaterina A Kletsova, Eric D Spitzer, Bettina C Fries, Luis A Marcos
BACKGROUND: Babesiosis is a potentially life-threatening, tick-borne infection endemic in New York. The purpose of this study was to review recent trends in babesiosis management and outcomes focusing on patients, who were treated with combination of azithromycin and atovaquone. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients seen at Stony Brook University Hospital between 2008 and 2014 with peripheral blood smears positive for Babesia was performed. Clinical and epidemiological information was recorded and analyzed...
April 11, 2017: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials
Stephen G Post, John Pomeroy, Carla Keirns, Virginia Isaacs Cover, Michael Leverett Dorn
The increased recognition and reported prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) combined with the associated societal and clinical impact call for a broad grassroots community-based dialogue on treatment related ethical and social issues. In these Stony Brook Guidelines, which were developed during a full year of community dialogue (2010-2011) with affected individuals, families, and professionals in the field, we identify and discuss topics of paramount concern to the ASD constituency: treatment goals and happiness, distributive justice, managing the desperate hopes for a cure, sibling responsibilities, intimacy and sex, diagnostic ethics, and research ethics...
April 10, 2017: HEC Forum: An Interdisciplinary Journal on Hospitals' Ethical and Legal Issues
Eric Noll, Shivam Shodhan, Maria Cecilia Madariaga, Christopher R Page, Diane Santangelo, Xiaojun Guo, Ehab Al Bizri, Aurora D Pryor, Jamie Romeiser, Elliott Bennett-Guerrero
BACKGROUND: Acupressure therapy may be potentially beneficial in improving postoperative symptoms like postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), pain and sleep disorder and improving postoperative quality of recovery. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of acupressure therapy on postoperative patient satisfaction and quality of recovery in hospitalized patients after surgical treatment. METHODS/DESIGN: This three-group, parallel, superiority, blinded, randomized controlled trial will test the hypothesis that a combination of PC6, LI4 and HT7 acupressure is superior to sham or no intervention for improving postoperative quality of recovery in hospitalized patients...
March 7, 2017: Trials
Barbara Nemesure, April Plank, Lisa Reagan, Denise Albano, Michael Reiter, Thomas V Bilfinger
Objective Current lung cancer screening criteria based primarily on outcomes from the National Lung Screening Trial may not adequately capture all subgroups of the population at risk. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of lung cancer screening criteria recommended by the United States Preventive Services Task Force, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network in identifying known cases of lung cancer. Methods An investigation of the Stony Brook Cancer Center Lung Cancer Evaluation Center's database identified 1207 eligible, biopsy-proven lung cancer cases diagnosed between January 1996 and March 2016...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Medical Screening
Stefan P Svensson, Wendy L Sarney, Dmitry Donetsky, Gela Kipshidze, Youxi Lin, Leon Shterengas, Ye Xu, Gregory Belenky
The collaborative development of infrared detector materials by the Army Research Laboratory and Stony Brook University has led to new fundamental understandings of materials, as well as new levels of control and flexibility in III-V semiconductor crystal growth by molecular beam epitaxy. Early work on mid-wave strained layer superlattice (SLS) cameras led to a subsequent focus on minority carrier lifetime studies, which resulted in the proposal of the Ga-free SLS on GaSb substrates. The later demonstration of virtual substrate technology allowed the lattice constant to become a design parameter and enabled growth of undistorted bulk InAsSb...
January 20, 2017: Applied Optics
Kristen Aliano, Michael Trostler, Indira Michelle Fromm, Alexander Dagum, Sami Khan, Duc Bui
Cosmesis is a vital concern for patients undergoing plastic and reconstructive surgery. Many variations in wound closure are employed when attempting to minimize a surgical scar's appearance. Barbed sutures are one potential method of achieving improved wound cosmesis and are more common in recent years. To determine if barbed sutures differ from nonbarbed in wound cosmesis, we conducted a single-blinded, randomized, controlled trial of 18 patients undergoing bilateral reduction mammoplasty or panniculectomy...
2016: Plastic Surgery International
James A Leonard, Jenna B Wells, Ethan S Brandler
Despite advances in prostate cancer (PC) treatment and outcomes, it remains one of the most commonly diagnosed cancers and the second leading cause of cancer mortality in men. Furthermore, there exist little data about patient awareness of PC and the frequency of screening. Adult men (470) presenting to the emergency department at a tertiary care center (Stony Brook University) between 2014 and 2015 were surveyed orally for their perceived risk of PC, awareness of PC and screening modalities, and screening history...
December 5, 2016: American Journal of Men's Health
Peng Sen Wu, Reshvin Matoo, Hong Sun, Li Yuan Song, Don O Kikkawa, Wei Lu
BACKGROUND: Orbital fractures with open periorbital wounds cause significant morbidity. Timing of debridement with fracture repair and soft tissue reconstruction is controversial. This study focuses on the efficacy of early single-stage repair in combined bony and soft tissue injuries. METHODS: Retrospective review. Twenty-three patients with combined open soft tissue wounds and orbital fractures were studied for single-stage orbital reconstruction and periorbital soft tissue repair...
February 2017: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: JPRAS
Maribeth B Chitkara, Daniel Satnick, Wei-Hsin Lu, Howard Fleit, Roderick A Go, Latha Chandran
BACKGROUND: Residency programs have utilized Individualized Learning Plans (ILPs) to customize resident education while undergraduate medical education has not done so in a meaningful way. We discuss the use of ILPs within a fourth year medical school course to facilitate self-directed learning (SDL). METHODS: At Stony Brook University School of Medicine, an ILP component was added to the Advanced Clinical Experience (ACE) course for fourth year students. Each completed an ILP outlining personal learning goals and strategies to achieve them...
September 1, 2016: BMC Medical Education
B Mohelnikova-Duchonova, M Kocik, B Duchonova, V Brynychova, M Oliverius, J Hlavsa, E Honsova, J Mazanec, Z Kala, I Ojima, D J Hughes, J E Doherty, H A Murray, M A Crockard, R Lemstrova, P Soucek
The Hedgehog pathway is one of the major driver pathways in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. This study investigated prognostic importance of Hedgehog signaling pathway in pancreatic cancer patients who underwent a radical resection. Tumors and adjacent non-neoplastic pancreatic tissues were obtained from 45 patients with histologically verified pancreatic cancer. The effect of experimental taxane chemotherapy on the expression of Hedgehog pathway was evaluated in vivo using a mouse xenograft model prepared using pancreatic cancer cell line Paca-44...
August 30, 2016: Pharmacogenomics Journal
Jon R Davids, Kevin Diaz, Thu-Ba Leba, Samuel Adams, David E Westberry, Anita M Bagley
BACKGROUND: Children who have had surgery involving the placement of an implant frequently undergo a subsequent surgery for hardware removal. The cosmesis of surgical scars following initial and subsequent surgeries is unpredictable. Scar incision (subsequent surgical incision through the initial scar) or excision (around the initial scar) is selected on the basis of the quality of the initial scar. The outcomes following these techniques have not been determined. METHODS: This prospective, consecutive case series was designed to compare outcomes following surgical scar incision versus excision at the time of implant removal in children with cerebral palsy...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Babak Saedi, Amin Amali, Narges Taibnama, Sam P Most
OBJECTIVE: To compare the scar outcomes of two common incisions (inverted V and stair step) by using a validated scar-outcome instrument via a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Fifty-eight consecutive cases of external rhinoplasty were randomly divided into two groups according to the type of incision. These patients were followed-up for 1 year, and the columellar scar was analyzed by using the Stony Brook Scar Evaluation Scale (SBSES) and visual analog scale (VAS) scores by an independent reviewer...
July 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Thomas Bilfinger, Roger Keresztes, Denise Albano, Barbara Nemesure
BACKGROUND Five-year survival rates among stage IIIA lung cancer patients range between 2% and 15%, and there is currently no consensus regarding optimal treatment approaches for these patients. The current investigation evaluated survival outcomes among stage IIIA lung cancer patients receiving 2 different treatment modalities, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by resection versus chemoradiation alone. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study is based on 127 patients attending the Lung Cancer Evaluation Center at Stony Brook Cancer Center between 2002 and 2014...
July 21, 2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Elizabeth Rose Mueller, Kimberly Kenton, Jennifer T Anger, Catherine Bresee, Christopher Tarnay
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To prospectively measure trocar site appearances 1 year after surgery in women participants in the Abdominal Colpopexy: Comparison of Endoscopic Surgical Strategies Trial, a 2-center randomized surgical trial (NCT01124916). DESIGN: Supplementary analysis of a surgical trial that randomized women to robotic or laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: Operative trial. PATIENTS: Women undergoing clinically indicated sacrocolpopexy for symptomatic stage ≥II pelvic organ prolapse were randomized to laparoscopic abdominal sacrocolpopexy (LASC) or robotic abdominal sacrocolpopexy (RASC)...
September 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Andrew Wackett, Feroza Daroowalla, Wei-Hsin Lu, Latha Chandran
PROBLEM: Concerns regarding the quality of training in the 4th year of medical school and preparation of graduates to enter residency education persist and are borne out in the literature. INTERVENTION: We reviewed the published literature regarding Year 4 concerns as well as institutional efforts to improve the 4th-year curriculum from several schools. Based on input from key stakeholders, we established 4 goals for our Year 4 curriculum reform: (a) standardize the curricular structure, (b) allow flexibility and individualization, (c) improve the preparation for residency, and (d) improve student satisfaction...
2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Zishuo Ian Hu, Dylan M Smith
BACKGROUND: In the United States and in New York State, individuals with no health insurance have consistently lower screening rates for breast and cervical cancer than those with health insurance and are also more likely to be diagnosed with advanced stages of cancer. Our objective was to compare the cancer screening rates among patients at a free student-run clinic to state and national data. To our knowledge, ours is the first study examining breast and cervical screening rates and their relation to insurance status, income level, education level, race, and marital status in a suburban free student-run clinic...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Michael Vasquez, Antonios P Gasparis
OBJECTIVES: *Varithena 017 Investigator Group: Michael Vasquez, MD, Venous Institute of Buffalo, Amherst, NY; Antonios Gasparis, MD, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, NY; Kathleen Gibson, MD, Lake Washington Vascular, Bellevue, WA; James Theodore King, MD, Vein Clinics of America, Oakbrook Terrace, IL; Nick Morrison, MD, Morrison Vein Institute, Scottsdale, AZ; Girish Munavalli, MD, Dermatology, Laser & Vein Specialists of the Carolinas, Charlotte, NC; Eulogio J. Sanchez, MD, Batey Cardiovascular Center, Bradenton, FL...
March 7, 2016: Phlebology
J Gordon Millichap
Investigators at Emory University, Atlanta, GA; Stony Brook, New York; University of California, San Diego; and other centers determined the type of physician who makes the Rett syndrome (RTT) diagnosis and identified risk factors for delayed diagnosis.
May 2015: Pediatric neurology briefs
A Laurie Shroyer, Wei-Hsin Lu, Latha Chandran
PROBLEM: Undergraduate medical education (UME) programs are seeking systematic ways to monitor and manage their educational performance metrics and document their achievement of external goals (e.g., Liaison Committee on Medical Education [LCME] accreditation requirements) and internal objectives (institution-specific metrics). In other continuous quality improvement (CQI) settings, summary dashboard reports have been used to evaluate and improve performance. APPROACH: The Stony Brook University School of Medicine UME leadership team developed and implemented summary dashboard performance reports in 2009 to document LCME standards/criteria compliance, evaluate medical student performance, and identify progress in attaining institutional curricular goals and objectives...
April 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Lauren Beth Grossman, David E Komatsu, Marie A Badalamente, Andrew M Braunstein, Lawrence C Hurst
OBJECTIVE: Initial training for orthopedic surgical residents (postgraduate years 1-5) in microsurgery using the turkey wing model and evaluation of their proficiency. DESIGN: Residents were given a questionnaire on their comfort level with microsurgery and microsurgical knowledge, followed by a lecture on the subject. They watched a surgical dissection and repair of the turkey wing's neurovasculature. Residents performed the dissection and repairs of the artery, vein, and nerve...
January 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
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