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Stony Brook

Maribeth B Chitkara, Daniel Satnick, Wei-Hsin Lu, Howard Fleit, Roderick A Go, Latha Chandran
BACKGROUND: Residency programs have utilized Individualized Learning Plans (ILPs) to customize resident education while undergraduate medical education has not done so in a meaningful way. We discuss the use of ILPs within a fourth year medical school course to facilitate self-directed learning (SDL). METHODS: At Stony Brook University School of Medicine, an ILP component was added to the Advanced Clinical Experience (ACE) course for fourth year students. Each completed an ILP outlining personal learning goals and strategies to achieve them...
2016: BMC Medical Education
B Mohelnikova-Duchonova, M Kocik, B Duchonova, V Brynychova, M Oliverius, J Hlavsa, E Honsova, J Mazanec, Z Kala, I Ojima, D J Hughes, J E Doherty, H A Murray, M A Crockard, R Lemstrova, P Soucek
The Hedgehog pathway is one of the major driver pathways in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. This study investigated prognostic importance of Hedgehog signaling pathway in pancreatic cancer patients who underwent a radical resection. Tumors and adjacent non-neoplastic pancreatic tissues were obtained from 45 patients with histologically verified pancreatic cancer. The effect of experimental taxane chemotherapy on the expression of Hedgehog pathway was evaluated in vivo using a mouse xenograft model prepared using pancreatic cancer cell line Paca-44...
August 30, 2016: Pharmacogenomics Journal
Jon R Davids, Kevin Diaz, Thu-Ba Leba, Samuel Adams, David E Westberry, Anita M Bagley
BACKGROUND: Children who have had surgery involving the placement of an implant frequently undergo a subsequent surgery for hardware removal. The cosmesis of surgical scars following initial and subsequent surgeries is unpredictable. Scar incision (subsequent surgical incision through the initial scar) or excision (around the initial scar) is selected on the basis of the quality of the initial scar. The outcomes following these techniques have not been determined. METHODS: This prospective, consecutive case series was designed to compare outcomes following surgical scar incision versus excision at the time of implant removal in children with cerebral palsy...
August 17, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
Babak Saedi, Amin Amali, Narges Taibnama, Sam P Most
OBJECTIVE: To compare the scar outcomes of two common incisions (inverted V and stair step) by using a validated scar-outcome instrument via a randomized clinical trial. METHODS: Fifty-eight consecutive cases of external rhinoplasty were randomly divided into two groups according to the type of incision. These patients were followed-up for 1 year, and the columellar scar was analyzed by using the Stony Brook Scar Evaluation Scale (SBSES) and visual analog scale (VAS) scores by an independent reviewer...
July 2016: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
Thomas Bilfinger, Roger Keresztes, Denise Albano, Barbara Nemesure
BACKGROUND Five-year survival rates among stage IIIA lung cancer patients range between 2% and 15%, and there is currently no consensus regarding optimal treatment approaches for these patients. The current investigation evaluated survival outcomes among stage IIIA lung cancer patients receiving 2 different treatment modalities, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by resection versus chemoradiation alone. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study is based on 127 patients attending the Lung Cancer Evaluation Center at Stony Brook Cancer Center between 2002 and 2014...
2016: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Elizabeth Rose Mueller, Kimberly Kenton, Jennifer T Anger, Catherine Bresee, Christopher Tarnay
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To prospectively measure trocar site appearances 1 year after surgery in women participants in the Abdominal Colpopexy: Comparison of Endoscopic Surgical Strategies Trial, a 2-center randomized surgical trial (NCT01124916). DESIGN: Supplementary analysis of a surgical trial that randomized women to robotic or laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (Canadian Task Force classification I). SETTING: Operative trial. PATIENTS: Women undergoing clinically indicated sacrocolpopexy for symptomatic stage ≥II pelvic organ prolapse were randomized to laparoscopic abdominal sacrocolpopexy (LASC) or robotic abdominal sacrocolpopexy (RASC)...
September 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Andrew Wackett, Feroza Daroowalla, Wei-Hsin Lu, Latha Chandran
PROBLEM: Concerns regarding the quality of training in the 4th year of medical school and preparation of graduates to enter residency education persist and are borne out in the literature. INTERVENTION: We reviewed the published literature regarding Year 4 concerns as well as institutional efforts to improve the 4th-year curriculum from several schools. Based on input from key stakeholders, we established 4 goals for our Year 4 curriculum reform: (a) standardize the curricular structure, (b) allow flexibility and individualization, (c) improve the preparation for residency, and (d) improve student satisfaction...
2016: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
Zishuo Ian Hu, Dylan M Smith
BACKGROUND: In the United States and in New York State, individuals with no health insurance have consistently lower screening rates for breast and cervical cancer than those with health insurance and are also more likely to be diagnosed with advanced stages of cancer. Our objective was to compare the cancer screening rates among patients at a free student-run clinic to state and national data. To our knowledge, ours is the first study examining breast and cervical screening rates and their relation to insurance status, income level, education level, race, and marital status in a suburban free student-run clinic...
2016: Ochsner Journal
Michael Vasquez, Antonios P Gasparis
OBJECTIVES: *Varithena 017 Investigator Group: Michael Vasquez, MD, Venous Institute of Buffalo, Amherst, NY; Antonios Gasparis, MD, Stony Brook University Medical Center, Stony Brook, NY; Kathleen Gibson, MD, Lake Washington Vascular, Bellevue, WA; James Theodore King, MD, Vein Clinics of America, Oakbrook Terrace, IL; Nick Morrison, MD, Morrison Vein Institute, Scottsdale, AZ; Girish Munavalli, MD, Dermatology, Laser & Vein Specialists of the Carolinas, Charlotte, NC; Eulogio J. Sanchez, MD, Batey Cardiovascular Center, Bradenton, FL...
March 7, 2016: Phlebology
J Gordon Millichap
Investigators at Emory University, Atlanta, GA; Stony Brook, New York; University of California, San Diego; and other centers determined the type of physician who makes the Rett syndrome (RTT) diagnosis and identified risk factors for delayed diagnosis.
May 2015: Pediatric neurology briefs
A Laurie Shroyer, Wei-Hsin Lu, Latha Chandran
PROBLEM: Undergraduate medical education (UME) programs are seeking systematic ways to monitor and manage their educational performance metrics and document their achievement of external goals (e.g., Liaison Committee on Medical Education [LCME] accreditation requirements) and internal objectives (institution-specific metrics). In other continuous quality improvement (CQI) settings, summary dashboard reports have been used to evaluate and improve performance. APPROACH: The Stony Brook University School of Medicine UME leadership team developed and implemented summary dashboard performance reports in 2009 to document LCME standards/criteria compliance, evaluate medical student performance, and identify progress in attaining institutional curricular goals and objectives...
April 2016: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
Lauren Beth Grossman, David E Komatsu, Marie A Badalamente, Andrew M Braunstein, Lawrence C Hurst
OBJECTIVE: Initial training for orthopedic surgical residents (postgraduate years 1-5) in microsurgery using the turkey wing model and evaluation of their proficiency. DESIGN: Residents were given a questionnaire on their comfort level with microsurgery and microsurgical knowledge, followed by a lecture on the subject. They watched a surgical dissection and repair of the turkey wing's neurovasculature. Residents performed the dissection and repairs of the artery, vein, and nerve...
January 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
Anastasia Prodromidou, Maximos Frountzas, Dimitrios-Efthymios G Vlachos, Georgios D Vlachos, Ioannis Bakoyiannis, Despina Perrea, Vasilios Pergialiotis
BACKGROUND: Botulinum toxin injections have been investigated for the treatment or prevention of hypertrophic scars in several clinical studies. However, its clinical effectiveness has not yet been established. OBJECTIVE: To examine all available evidence that support the use of botulinum toxin injections for the treatment or prevention of hypertrophic scars in current clinical practice. METHODS: A systematic review searching the MEDLINE (1966 to 2014), Scopus (2004 to 2014), Popline (1974 to 2014), ClinicalTrials...
2015: Plastic Surgery
E J Bromet, M J Hobbs, S A P Clouston, A Gonzalez, R Kotov, B J Luft
BACKGROUND: Post-traumatic symptomatology is one of the signature effects of the pernicious exposures endured by responders to the World Trade Center (WTC) disaster of 11 September 2001 (9/11), but the long-term extent of diagnosed Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DSM-IV) post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its impact on quality of life are unknown. This study examines the extent of DSM-IV PTSD 11-13 years after the disaster in WTC responders, its symptom profiles and trajectories, and associations of active, remitted and partial PTSD with exposures, physical health and psychosocial well-being...
March 2016: Psychological Medicine
Stefano Vercelli, Giorgio Ferriero, Francesco Sartorio, Carlo Cisari, Elisabetta Bravini
The aim of this study was to review and critically assess the most used and clinimetrically sound outcome measures currently available for postsurgical scar assessment in rehabilitation. We performed a systematic review of the Medline and Embase databases to June 2015. All published peer-reviewed studies referring to the development, validation, or clinical use of scales or questionnaires in patients with linear scars were screened. Of 922 articles initially identified in the literature search, 48 full-text articles were retrieved for assessment...
December 2015: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Lisa Strano-Paul, Susan Lane, Wei-Hsin Lu, Latha Chandran
AIM: This study evaluates the impact of an interprofessional home hospice visit (HHV) on third-year medical students' attitudes toward, and understanding of, end-of-life care and the visit's effect on students' views of their emerging professional roles and identities. METHODS: All third-year medical students at Stony Brook School of Medicine in Stony Brook, New York, USA, participated in an HHV. A didactic session preceded the HHV. Subsequently, students were required to submit a piece of reflective writing detailing the impact of the visit...
2015: Journal of Palliative Care
Melanie Ehrlich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2015: Epigenomics
Steve Halligan, Edward Dadswell, Kate Wooldrage, Jane Wardle, Christian von Wagner, Richard Lilford, Guiqing L Yao, Shihua Zhu, Wendy Atkin
BACKGROUND: Computed tomographic colonography (CTC) is a relatively new diagnostic test that may be superior to existing alternatives to investigate the large bowel. OBJECTIVES: To compare the diagnostic efficacy, acceptability, safety and cost-effectiveness of CTC with barium enema (BE) or colonoscopy. DESIGN: Parallel randomised trials: BE compared with CTC and colonoscopy compared with CTC (randomisation 2 : 1, respectively). SETTING: A total of 21 NHS hospitals...
July 2015: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
Danny Siu-Chun Ng, Edwin Chan, Derek Kim-Hun Yu, Simon Tak-Chuen Ko
PURPOSE: To determine the functional and aesthetic outcomes of periciliary "v-incision" external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) and to compare with conventional approach. METHOD: Charts review of consecutive cases of "v-incision" (VDCR) or conventional DCR performed in a single institute, between January 2007 and March 2014. All procedures were performed or supervised by a single surgeon. Two periciliary incisions were made near the skin-mucosal junction at the upper and lower eyelid margins medial to the punctum joining at the medial canthal angle to form a "v" shape...
October 2015: Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
M Alicandri-Ciufelli, A Piccinini, A Grammatica, G Molteni, A Spaggiari, S DI Matteo, S Tassi, A Ghidini, L Izzo, F M Gioacchini, D Marchioni, S DI Saverio, L Presutti
The aim of our study was to compare, in terms of aesthetic results, the use of synthetic glue to intradermal absorbable sutures in postthyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy wound closure in a single blinded, randomised, per protocol equivalence study. From September 2008 to May 2010, patients undergoing thyroid or parathyroid surgery (with an external approach) at the Otolaryngology Department of the University Hospital of Modena were assessed for eligibility. In total, 42 patients who had had synthetic glue application on surgical incisions (A) and 47 patients who had subcuticular sutures on their surgical incisions (B) were enrolled...
December 2014: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
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