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Nutrition, women's health, hormonal health

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326296/association-between-sarcopenic-obesity-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-postmenopausal-women-a-cross-sectional-study-based-on-the-korean-national-health-and-nutritional-examination-surveys-from-2008-to-2011
#1
Sun-Young Kang, Gyeong Eun Lim, Yang Keun Kim, Hye Won Kim, Kayoung Lee, Tae-Jin Park, Jinseung Kim
BACKGROUND: Menopause contributes to an increase in visceral fat mass and a decrease in muscle protein synthesis. Therefore, we performed this study to examine their relationship how effect the changes of body composition as obesity and sarcopenia on metabolic syndrome (MS) as a predictor of cardiovascular disease in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Using data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) from 2008 to 2011, we estimated that 4,183 postmenopausal women underwent dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scans...
February 2017: Journal of Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320484/nutritional-intervention-preconception-and-during-pregnancy-to-maintain-healthy-glucose-metabolism-and-offspring-health-nipper-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Keith M Godfrey, Wayne Cutfield, Shiao-Yng Chan, Philip N Baker, Yap-Seng Chong
BACKGROUND: Improved maternal nutrition and glycaemic control before and during pregnancy are thought to benefit the health of the mother, with consequent benefits for infant body composition and later obesity risk. Maternal insulin resistance and glycaemia around conception and in early pregnancy may be key determinants of maternal physiology and placental function, affecting fetal nutrient supply and maternal-feto-placental communications throughout gestation, with implications for later postnatal health...
March 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293621/development-of-the-physical-activity-and-your-nutrition-for-cancer-pync-smartphone-app-for-preventing-breast-cancer-in-women
#3
Steven S Coughlin, Gina M Besenyi, Deborah Bowen, Gianluca De Leo
BACKGROUND: In the U.S., breast cancer accounts for more cancer deaths in women than any site other than lung cancer. Based upon attributable risks, about 30-35% of breast cancers could potentially be prevented by addressing obesity, physical inactivity, increased alcohol consumption, and carcinogenic exposures such as hormone replacement therapy (HRT). We need methods of reducing women's risks of this disease that are attractive and easy to use, widely accessible to diverse women, and able to be easily amended to account for new research...
2017: MHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238670/association-of-pregnancy-with-stone-formation-among-us-women-a-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-analysis-2007-2012
#4
Lael Reinstatler, Sari Khaleel, Vernon M Pais
PURPOSE: Lithogenic urinary changes occur during pregnancy. Such changes may increase stone proclivity in working and child rearing aged women thereafter. However, such an association has not been previously identified. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed nationally representative data from 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to assess the association between pregnancy and nephrolithiasis. RESULTS: The weighted national prevalence of nephrolithiasis among women ≤50 was 6...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28215206/iodine-intakes-and-status-in-irish-adults-is-there-cause-for-concern
#5
Breige A McNulty, Anne P Nugent, Janette Walton, Albert Flynn, Christina Tlustos, Michael J Gibney
I is an important mineral for health, required for the production of key thyroid hormones, which are essential for cellular metabolism, growth and physical development. Hence, adequate I is crucial at all stages of life, but imperative during pregnancy for fetal brain development and during a child's early life for neurodevelopment. Within Ireland, limited information exists on population I intakes and status. Therefore, the purposes of the present analysis were to estimate dietary I intakes and to analyse urinary iodine (UI) status using the cross-sectional National Adult Nutrition Survey 2008-2010 and the most recent Irish Total Diet Study...
February 20, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28212640/urinary-iodine-in-early-pregnancy-is-associated-with-subclinical-hypothyroidism-in-tianjin-china-an-observational-study
#6
Kunling Wang, Jie Zhang, Fengao Li, Wanqi Zhang, Hao Wang, Li Ding, Yaxin Liu, Laixiang Lin, Shuang Zhang, Mei Zhu
BACKGROUND: Subclinical hypothyroidism (SH) is associated with adverse obstetric outcomes and neurodevelopment disorders. Both iodine deficiency and excess are associated with SH; however, few data regarding iodine nutrition status of pregnant women with SH are available. This study aimed to clarify whether iodine deficiency or excess is associated with SH, especially, when test results for anti-thyroid autoantibodies are negative. METHODS: A total of 115 women with SH and 104 women with euthyroidism (EH) in early pregnancy in Tianjin, China were investigated, and their serum thyroid-stimulating hormone, free thyroxine, free triiodothyronine, anti-thyroid peroxidase antibody (TPOAb), anti-thyroid globulin antibody (TGAb), urinary iodine (UIC), and urinary creatinine (UCr) concentrations were measured...
February 17, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119885/vitamin-d-status-and-its-associations-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-korean-women-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2008-2014
#7
Taeck-Hyun Lee, Woo Sung Jin, Juwon Park, Hyun-Hee Choi, Eun Jin Bae
In the present study, vitamin D status and its associations with rheumatoid arthritis in Korean women were investigated. Total 2,162 women's data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey during 2008-2014 ware analyzed by complex sampling design logistic regression analysis and complex sampling design general linear model. Women who over 19 years old were included, and who has osteoporosis or abnormal parathyroid hormone or renal failure or liver cirrhosis or abnormal creatinine were excluded...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032184/unique-effects-of-energy-versus-estrogen-deficiency-on-multiple-components-of-bone-strength-in-exercising-women
#8
E A Southmayd, R J Mallinson, N I Williams, D J Mallinson, M J De Souza
Many female athletes are energy and/or estrogen deficient, but the independent effects on bone health have not been isolated. Energy deficiency was detrimental at the tibia while estrogen deficiency was detrimental at the radius. Nutrition must be considered alongside menstrual recovery when addressing compromised bone health in female athletes. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to describe volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), bone geometry, and estimated bone strength in exercising women (n = 60) grouped according to energy status (energy replete (EnR: n = 30) vs...
December 28, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981255/comparison-of-serum-zinc-concentrations-and-body-antioxidant-status-between-young-women-with-premenstrual-syndrome-and-normal-controls-a-case-control-study
#9
Sanaz Fathizadeh, Reza Amani, Mohammad Hossein Haghighizadeh, Razieh Hormozi
BACKGROUND: Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is one of the important health problems with high incidence in young women. The exact cause of this syndrome is not clear and some theories have been declared from hormonal factors to nutritional disorders. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the correlation between serum zinc and antioxidant status with PMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this case-control study, forty eight young girls were selected from a total sample of 110 students residing at university dormitories including PMS (n=23) and healthy (n=25) groups based on PMS questionnaire...
November 2016: International Journal of Reproductive Biomedicine (Yazd, Iran)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864335/effects-of-maternal-obesity-on-placental-function-and-fetal-development
#10
REVIEW
Kristy R Howell, Theresa L Powell
Obesity has reached epidemic proportions, and pregnancies in obese mothers have increased risk for complications including gestational diabetes, hypertensive disorders, pre-term birth and caesarian section. Children born to obese mothers are at increased risk of obesity and metabolic disease and are susceptible to develop neuropsychiatric and cognitive disorders. Changes in placental function not only play a critical role in the development of pregnancy complications but may also be involved in linking maternal obesity to long-term health risks in the infant...
March 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823731/associations-between-the-number-of-natural-teeth-in-postmenopausal-women-and-hormone-replacement-therapy
#11
Kyungdo Han, Youngkyung Ko, Yong-Gyu Park, Jun-Beom Park
OBJECTIVES: Increasing research suggests that periodontal status is associated with hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women. This study was performed to assess the relationship between the number of natural teeth and ever use of hormone replacement therapy in postmenopausal women using nationally representative Korean data. METHODS: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey between 2010 and 2012 were used, and the analysis in this study was confined to a total of 4869 respondents over 19 years old who had gone through menopause and who had no missing data for the reproductive factors and outcome variables in that study...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27756198/e-mhk-0103-mineraxin%C3%A2-a-novel-nutraceutical-with-biological-properties-in-menopausal-conditions
#12
Lola Corzo, Susana Rodríguez, Ramón Alejo, Lucía Fernández-Novoa, Gjumrakch Aliev, Ramón Cacabelos
Menopause is a natural event in women´s lives leading to the cessation of menstruation and the reproductive function due to loss of the ovarian follicular function. Menopause-derived estrogen deprivation and related endocrine factors are linked to some symptoms of middle-aged women, such as hot flashes, aches, joint pain, stiffness, depressed mood, bone degeneration, nutritional dysfunction, or difficulty to maintain body mass. Clinical approaches to these problems often involve hormone replacement therapy (HRT) and other modalities of therapeutic intervention...
October 14, 2016: Current Drug Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639340/exploratory-analysis-of-the-potential-relationship-between-urinary-molybdenum-and-bone-mineral-density-among-adult-men-and-women-from-nhanes-2007-2010
#13
Ryan C Lewis, Lauren E Johns, John D Meeker
Human exposure to molybdenum (Mo) may play a role in reducing bone mineral density (BMD) by interfering with steroid sex hormone levels. To begin to address gaps in the literature on this topic, the potential relationship between urinary Mo (U-Mo) and BMD at the femoral neck (FN-BMD) and lumbar spine (LS-BMD) was explored in a sample of 1496 adults participating in the 2007-2010 cycles of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Associations were assessed using multiple linear regression models stratified on sex and age...
December 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604798/relationship-between-pulmonary-function-and-bone-mineral-density-in-the-korean-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#14
In Seon Lee, Ah Young Leem, Sang Hoon Lee, Yumie Rhee, Yoon Ha, Young Sam Kim
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Osteoporosis is common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients. The relationship between osteoporosis and COPD has been primarily reported in patients with moderate to severe COPD, but there is no report in the general population. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between bone mineral density (BMD) and lung function in the general Korean population. METHODS: This study was based on data acquired from the Fourth and Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys (KNHANES IV and V), conducted from 2008 to 2010...
September 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27603944/detrimental-effects-of-higher-body-mass-index-and-smoking-habits-on-menstrual-cycles-in-korean-women
#15
An Na Jung, Ju Hwan Park, Jihyun Kim, Seok Hyun Kim, Byung Chul Jee, Byung Heun Cha, Jae Woong Sull, Jin Hyun Jun
BACKGROUND: Alteration of menstrual cycle by individual lifestyles and unfavorable habits may cause menstrual irregularity. We aimed to investigate the relationship between lifestyle factors and menstrual irregularity in Korean women using data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2010-2012. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 3779 nondiabetic Korean women aged 19-49 years who did not take any oral contraceptives or sex hormonal compounds...
January 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579903/a-novel-method-for-calculating-potency-weighted-cumulative-phthalates-exposure-with-implications-for-identifying-racial-ethnic-disparities-among-u-s-reproductive-aged-women-in-nhanes-2001-2012
#16
Julia R Varshavsky, Ami R Zota, Tracey J Woodruff
Phthalates are ubiquitous chemicals linked to hormonal disruptions that affect reproduction and development. Multiple antiandrogenic phthalates exposure during fetal development can have greater impacts than individual exposure; thus, the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) recommends them for cumulative assessment. Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data (NHANES, 2001-2012), we developed a potency-weighted sum of daily intake (∑androgen-disruptor; μg/kg/day) of di-n-butyl phthalate (DnBP), diisobutyl phthalate (DiBP), butyl benzyl phthalate (BBzP), and di(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) based on NAS recommendations, and included diethyl phthalate (DEP) and diisononyl phthalate (DiNP) in additional metrics (2005-2012)...
October 4, 2016: Environmental Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27544442/calorie-restriction-in-humans-an-update
#17
REVIEW
Jasper Most, Valeria Tosti, Leanne M Redman, Luigi Fontana
Calorie restriction (CR), a nutritional intervention of reduced energy intake but with adequate nutrition, has been shown to extend healthspan and lifespan in rodent and primate models. Accumulating data from observational and randomized clinical trials indicate that CR in humans results in some of the same metabolic and molecular adaptations that have been shown to improve health and retard the accumulation of molecular damage in animal models of longevity. In particular, moderate CR in humans ameliorates multiple metabolic and hormonal factors that are implicated in the pathogenesis of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer, the leading causes of morbidity, disability and mortality...
August 17, 2016: Ageing Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534636/urinary-iodine-thyroid-function-and-thyroglobulin-as-biomarkers-of-iodine-status
#18
REVIEW
Elizabeth N Pearce, Kathleen L Caldwell
The accurate assessment of population iodine status is necessary to inform public health policies and clinical research on iodine nutrition, particularly the role of iodine adequacy in normal neurodevelopment. Urinary iodine concentration (UIC) directly reflects dietary iodine intake and is the most common indicator used worldwide to assess population iodine status. The CDC established the Ensuring the Quality of Iodine Procedures program in 2001 to provide laboratories that measure urinary iodine with an independent assessment of their analytic performance; this program fosters improvement in the assessment of UIC...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27511207/pubertal-stress-and-nutrition-and-their-association-with-sexual-orientation-and-height-in-the-add-health-data
#19
Malvina N Skorska, Anthony F Bogaert
A number of studies have indicated that gay men tend to be shorter, on average, than heterosexual men. Less evidence exists that lesbian women are taller, on average, than heterosexual women. The most popular explanation of the association between sexual orientation and height involves prenatal factors, such that, for example, gay men may have been exposed to lower than typical androgens during fetal development, which impacts their height and sexual orientation as adults. An alternative explanation involves stress, given that stress has been associated with sexual minority identification and with lower height...
August 10, 2016: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27503320/serum-anti-mullerian-hormone-and-all-cause-mortality-in-men
#20
Rehan Qayyum, Sana Akbar
Several studies have examined an association of anti-mullerian hormone to various risk factors for mortality, however, to the best of our knowledge, no study has reported a direct relationship between anti-mullerian hormone and all-cause mortality. Therefore, we examined the relationship between baseline anti-mullerian hormone levels and subsequent all-cause mortality in men during median follow-up of 9.4 (range = 0-13) years. We used the continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 1999-2004 combined with National Death Index for vital status information through December 2011...
October 2016: Endocrine
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