Read by QxMD icon Read

Nutrition, women's health, hormonal health

Jeonghoon Ha, Jeongmin Lee, Kwanhoon Jo, Dong Jun Lim, Moo Il Kang, Bong Yun Cha, Min Hee Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence of subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) in Korean adults and identify the risk factors for the occurrence of SCH by sex. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study used data from KNHANES VI, a cross-sectional, nationally representative survey, which comprises a health interview survey, a health examination survey, and a nutrition survey. To examine SCH, the thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) reference range was defined using both the range provided by the test kit manufacturer (SCH-M) and a population-based range (SCH-P)...
March 7, 2018: Endocrine Connections
Anna Simone Frank, Angela Lupattelli, Hedvig Nordeng
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 3% to 5% of pregnant women have hypothyroidism. Despite the potential impact of untreated hypothyroidism on infant neurodevelopment, few studies have investigated the risk factors associated with discontinuation of thyroid hormone replacement therapy (THRT) in pregnancy. We aimed to identify such factors in a population of women using THRT prior to pregnancy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data from the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study were linked to records in the Medical Birth Registry of Norway...
March 7, 2018: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Christopher C Onyiaodike, Heather M Murray, Ruiqi Zhang, Barbara J Meyer, Fiona Jordan, E Ann Brown, Robert J B Nibbs, Helen Lyall, Naveed Sattar, Scott M Nelson, Dilys J Freeman
The environment for embryo implantation and fetal growth and development is affected by maternal nutritional, metabolic and health status. The aim of this prospective, cohort study was to test whether plasma metabolic and inflammatory biomarkers can predict pregnancy resulting from in vitro fertilisation (IVF). Women with a natural menstrual cycle undergoing frozen embryo transfer (FET) were recruited and fasting baseline blood samples were collected a mean of 3.4 days prior to the luteinising hormone (LH) surge and a non-fasting blood sample was taken on the day of FET...
January 19, 2018: Scientific Reports
Natasha K Sriraman
Breastmilk is the physiologic norm for infant nutrition. Despite recommendations from major health organizations, many women in the U.S. are not achieving this metric. Understanding breast anatomy and lactation physiology will allow physicians to gain knowledge of the processes, which control lactation enabling physicians to appropriately manage the breastfeeding dyad. The interplay of hormones involved in lactation and milk management affect milk initiation, as well as ongoing milk production (galactopoesis)...
December 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Juliane Menzel, Ronald Biemann, Krasimira Aleksandrova, Matthias B Schulze, Heiner Boeing, Berend Isermann, Cornelia Weikert
OBJECTIVE: Recent in vitro data suggested that the novel adipokine chemerin may influence bone health. However, only limited evidence of the relationship between chemerin and bone health in humans is available. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the association between chemerin and broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) in peri/premenopausal and postmenopausal women. METHODS: Data from the German population-based European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition-Potsdam cohort comprising 404 peri/premenopausal and 279 postmenopausal women were analyzed...
December 4, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
Susan Arentz, Caroline A Smith, Jason Abbott, Alan Bensoussan
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common, reproductive endocrinopathy associated with serious short and long term health risks. Many women with PCOS use ingestible complementary medicines. This systematic review examined the effect on menstrual regulation and adverse effects from randomised controlled trials. METHODS: Randomised controlled trials (RCTs) that compared herbal or nutritional supplements to placebo or active controls in women with PCOS were eligible for inclusion...
November 25, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Zelalem T Haile, Asli K Teweldeberhan, Bhakti Chavan, John Francescon
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between hormonal contraceptive use and vitamin A deficiency among women in Tanzania. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from 8231 women who participated in the 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey. Both descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were performed. RESULTS: Overall, 1291 (weight percentage 17.8%) women reported a history of hormonal contraceptive use. The weighted prevalence of vitamin A deficiency was 36...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Luisa F Gomez-Arango, Helen L Barrett, Shelley A Wilkinson, Leonie K Callaway, H David McIntyre, Mark Morrison, Marloes Dekker Nitert
The gut microbiota contributes to the regulation of glucose metabolism in pregnancy. Abundance of the genus Collinsella is positively correlated with circulating insulin; however, it is unclear what determines Collinsella abundance. This study aims to validate the correlation between Collinsella and insulin and to elucidate if macronutrient intake alters Collinsella abundance and gut microbiota composition. Gut microbiota profiles were assessed by 16S rRNA sequencing in 57 overweight and 73 obese pregnant women from the SPRING (Study of PRobiotics IN Gestational diabetes) trial at 16 weeks gestation and correlated with metabolic hormone levels and macronutrient intake...
November 16, 2017: Gut Microbes
Jung-Ho Park, Jae-Young Hong, Kyungdo Han, Seung-Woo Han, Eun Mi Chun
OBJECTIVES: To identify the effects of hormone replacement therapy (HRT) on spinal osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS AND DESIGN: A cross-sectional study of a nationwide survey was performed. SETTING: This study collected data from the fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012). PARTICIPANTS: After excluding ineligible respondents, the total number of participants in this study was 4265 females...
November 9, 2017: BMJ Open
Hiroaki Ohta, Tatsuhiko Kuroda, Naoko Tsugawa, Yoshiko Onoe, Toshio Okano, Masataka Shiraki
Populations of East Asian countries have been known to have low calcium intakes and low serum 25(OH)D concentrations, suggesting that Ca and vitamin D (VitD)-deficiencies are commonly observed. These nutritional imbalances may lead to low peak bone mass (PBM). The low PBM seen in Ca/VitD-deficient individuals may lead to osteoporosis, as well as an increased risk of fracture. A survey was conducted in young Japanese women (n = 296, 21.2 ± 2.3 years old) on their Ca/VitD intakes and serum 25(OH)D levels, which demonstrated a significant positive correlation between VitD intake and serum 25(OH)D levels (R 2 = 0...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
Heikki KyrÖlÄinen, Anthony C Hackney, Riikka Salminen, Johanna Repola, Keijo HÄkkinen, Jari Haimi
Cardiovascular fitness has decreased and obesity has increased in youth-adults world-wide during the last ten years. Therefore, there is an urgent need to find out optimal exercise training programs for improving physical performance and health outcomes, especially, among sedentary women. Subjects were 25-30-year-old females with very low physical activity, and 65 % of them were overweight (BMI >25). They performed endurance and strength training three times a week for nine weeks. Independent strength training and instructed endurance training by indoor cycling were prescribed...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Olivia Orlinda Cardenas-Trowers, Mark Borgstrom, Ilana Addis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the associations between type and route of hormone use and urinary incontinence (UI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP) in premenopausal and postmenopausal women. METHODS: The authors used the National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey database for data from 2005-2006, 2007-2008, 2009-2010, and 2011-2012. Seven thousand sixty-six of the women included were premenopausal, and 5387 were postmenopausal. Premenopausal women were younger than 51 years and reported menstrual periods in the last 12 months...
September 25, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
E-K Kim, H Kim, O Kwon, N Chang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is one of the principal causes of blindness. This study investigated the association between diet and the prevalence of AMD in elderly Korean women. SUBJECTS/METHODS: Study subjects were women aged ⩾65 years (n=1008) from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2010-2012). The presence of early- and late-onset AMD was determined on the basis of a fundus photograph from a health examination survey...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
M Inghels, P A Coffie, J Larmarange
BACKGROUND: In Ivory Coast, little is known about health needs and health access barriers among young people. The aim of this study was to describe health provision, health needs and barriers when seeking medical care, with an emphasis on sexual and reproductive health, and the acceptability of a medical examination for students attending their first year at the Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Ivory Coast. METHODS: We conducted a representative cross-sectional study among second year students who were selected by two-stage equiprobable random sampling...
September 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
Tushar A Tuliani, Maithili Shenoy, Kevin Belgrave, Abhishek Deshmukh, Sadip Pant, Anthony Hilliard, Luis Afonso
PURPOSE: Studies suggest that subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) is related to cardiovascular mortality (CVM). We explored the role of microalbuminuria (MIA) as a predictor of long-term CVM in population with and without SCH with normal kidney function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the National Health and Nutrition Education Survey - III database (n = 6,812). Individuals younger than 40 years, thyroid-stimulating hormone levels ≥20 and ≤0.35mIU/L, estimated glomerular filtration rate <60mL/minute/1...
September 2017: American Journal of the Medical Sciences
C M Lopes, A Dourado, R Oliveira
Breast cancer is the most frequent type of nonskin malignancy among women worldwide. In general, conventional cancer treatment options (i.e., surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, biological therapy, and hormone therapy) are not completely effective. Recurrence and other pathologic situations are still an issue in breast cancer patients due to side effects, toxicity of drugs in normal cells, and aggressive behaviour of the tumours. From this point of view, breast cancer therapy and adjuvant methods represent a promising and challenging field for researchers...
2017: BioMed Research International
Zelalem T Haile, Caroline Kingori, Asli K Teweldeberhan, Bhakti Chavan
OBJECTIVES: Approximately 30% of the Tanzanian women in the reproductive age group are iron deficient. At population-level, there is a dearth of research on the relationship between hormonal contraceptive use and iron deficiency. The study objective was to examine the relationship between history of hormonal contraceptive use and iron status among women in Tanzania. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional study analysis including 4186 women who participated in the population-based 2010 Tanzania Demographic and Health Survey...
October 2017: Sexual & Reproductive Healthcare: Official Journal of the Swedish Association of Midwives
Annamaria Zsakai, Rita Sipos, Krisztina Takacs-Vellai, Attila Szabo, Eva B Bodzsar
The biochemical ageing status of women in the menopausal transition was studied using quantitative analysis of age- and autophagy-related gene activities (CDC42 and MAP1LC3 genes were selected as target genes). Free estradiol and progesterone levels in saliva were estimated. General linear models were used to determine the relationship between lifestyle, health status, socioeconomic factors and CDC42 and MAP1LC3 gene expression levels. Gene expression analysis revealed (1) an increasing expression of CDC42 gene after 45years in women, (2) expression level of CDC42 gene associated with menopausal status, (3) while endocrine status was found to associate with the expression of both of the studied age-related genes, (4) the "never used hormonal contraceptives" and "obese nutritional status" were the strongest factors for increased level of age-related gene expressions, and (5) changes in gene expression levels by ageing should be studied by considering not only chronological, but also biological ages...
August 24, 2017: Experimental Gerontology
Yue Xiao, Huakun Sun, Chenyan Li, Yongze Li, Shiqiao Peng, Chenling Fan, Weiping Teng, Zhongyan Shan
Many studies focused on the association between thyroid disease and pregnancy outcomes. The present study explored the effect of iodine nutrition during the first trimester on pregnancy outcomes. One thousand five hundred sixty-nine pregnant, euthyroid women at ≤12 weeks of gestation in an iodine-sufficient area in China were recruited. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for iodine nutrition during pregnancy, participants were divided into four groups: adequate iodine (median urinary iodine concentration (UIC), 150-249 μg/L), mild deficiency (UIC, 100-150 μg/L), moderate and severe deficiency (UIC, <100 μg/L), and more than adequate and excessive (UIC, ≥250 μg/L) groups...
August 2, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
Hyun Yoon, Nan Young Bae, Mi Young Gi, Bu Yeon Park, Jeong Min Seong
The present study was conducted to assess the association between serum ferritin and 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and metabolic syndrome (MetS) in Korean women. The data of a total of 9,256 adults (6,960 women without MetS and 2,296 women with MetS) aged ≥20 years from the Fifth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES V) (2010-2012) were analyzed. A covariance test adjusted for covariates was performed for serum ferritin levels in relation to vitamin D (vitamin D deficiency, 25(OH)D <10...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"