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Peripheral catheters

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087135/surgical-site-infection-related-to-use-of-elastomeric-pumps-in-pectus-excavatum-repair-lessons-learned-from-root-cause-analysis
#1
Nadja Apelt, Joshua Schaffzin, Christina Bates, Rebeccah L Brown, Marc Mecoli, Senthilkumar Sadhasivam, Victor Garcia
BACKGROUND: Pectus excavatum repair (PEX) is among the most painful thoracic procedures performed. Continuous peripheral nerve blockade (CPNB) is known to be efficacious in optimizing pain control while limiting narcotic use in adult thoracic procedures. It was introduced in May 2015 as a bridge to oral pain control in children undergoing PEX. Consequently, the surgical site infection (SSI) rate increased from 2.7% to 27.7%. METHODS: SSI surveillance followed national guidelines...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081186/mechanical-compression-effects-on-the-secretion-of-vwf-and-il-8-by-cultured-human-vein-endothelium
#2
Dar Weiss, Sharon Avraham, Ruth Guttlieb, Lee Gasner, Alina Lotman, Oren M Rotman, Shmuel Einav
Short peripheral catheters are ubiquitous in today's healthcare environment enabling effective delivery of fluids and medications directly into a patient's vasculature. However, complications related to their use, such as short peripheral catheter thrombophlebitis (SPCT), affect up to 80% of hospitalized patients. While indwelling within the vein, the catheters exert prolonged constant pressure upon the endothelium which can trigger inflammation processes. We have developed and studied an in-vitro model of cultured endothelial cells subjected to mechanical compression of modular self-designed weights, and explored their inflammatory response by quantification of two key biomarkers- vWF and IL-8...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079867/reducing-peripherally-inserted-central-catheters-in-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#3
A J Vachharajani, N A Vachharajani, H Morris, A Niesen, A Elward, D A Linck, A M Mathur
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to safely reduce the number of peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) inserted in infants with umbilical venous catheter using quality improvement methods. STUDY DESIGN: In a tertiary neonatal intensive care unit, a questionnaire designed to prompt critical thinking around the decision to place a PICC, along with an updated standardized feeding guideline was introduced. PICC insertion in 86 infants with umbilical venous catheter (pre intervention) with birth weight 1000-1500 g were compared with 115 infants (post intervention) using Fisher's exact test...
January 12, 2017: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077611/umbilical-venous-catheter-versus-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-in-neonates-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
By Ashish R Dongara, Dipen V Patel, Somashekhar M Nimbalkar, Nirav Potana, Archana S Nimbalkar
: Peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) and umbilical venous catheter (UVC) in terms of success rate, complications, cost and time of insertion in neonatal intensive care were compared. Neonates requiring vascular access for minimum 7 days were included. Sample size of 72 per group was determined. Trial was registered at Clinical Trials Registry of India (CTRI/2015/02/005529). Success rates of the UVC and PICC were 68.1% and 65.3%, respectively (p = 0.724). Mean (SD) time needed for PICC and UVC insertion was 34...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076593/brachial-insertion-of-fully-implantable-venous-catheters-for-chemotherapy-complications-and-quality-of-life-assessment-in-35-patients
#5
Igor Yoshio Imagawa Fonseca, Mariana Krutman, Kenji Nishinari, Guilherme Yazbek, Marcelo Passos Teivelis, Guilherme André Zottele Bomfim, Rafael Noronha Cavalcante, Nelson Wolosker
Objective: To prospectively evaluate the perioperative safety, early complications and satisfaction of patients who underwent the implantation of central catheters peripherally inserted via basilic vein. Methods: Thirty-five consecutive patients with active oncologic disease requiring chemotherapy were prospectively followed up after undergoing peripheral implantation of indwelling venous catheters, between November 2013 and June 2014. The procedures were performed in the operating room by the same team of three vascular surgeons...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073314/safety-of-the-peripheral-administration-of-vasopressor-agents
#6
Tyler Lewis, Cristian Merchan, Diana Altshuler, John Papadopoulos
Vasopressors are an integral component of the management of septic shock and are traditionally given via a central venous catheter (CVC) due to the risk of tissue injury and necrosis if extravasated. However, the need for a CVC for the management of septic shock has been questioned, and the risk of extravasation and incidence of severe injury when vasopressors are given via a peripheral venous line (PVL) remains poorly defined. We performed a retrospective chart review of 202 patients who received vasopressors through a PVL...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073192/the-use-of-autologous-platelet-rich-plasma-gel-in-bulbar-and-penile-buccal-mucosa-urethroplasty-preliminary-report-of-our-first-series
#7
Marcello Scarcia, Francesco Paolo Maselli, Giuseppe Cardo, Giuseppe Mario Ludovico
OBJECTIVE: The Buccal Mucosa (BM) UrethroPlasty (UP) is one of the preferred treatments for long or compli-cated urethral strictures. We propose the use of autologous Platelet Rich Plasma gel (aPRPg) in order to enhance to vascularization of BM graft and reduce the fibrous spongy. We report the outcome of our ten cases of bulbar and penile UP and the safety of this technique. Materials and metods: Ten patients underwent to BM UP with use of aPRP gel. Median age was 46. Stricture etiology was idiopathic, failed hypospadias and flogistic...
December 30, 2016: Archivio Italiano di Urologia, Andrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072667/does-the-use-of-a-vein-visualization-device-for-peripheral-venous-catheter-placement-increase-success-rate-in-pediatric-patients
#8
Duygu Demir, Sevil Inal
BACKGROUND: Peripheral intravenous catheterization is one of the most frequently encountered medical procedures for hospitalized children and is one that can often be painful. Pediatric nurses should therefore use techniques that increase the success rate or shorten the duration of peripheral intravenous catheterization. OBJECTIVES: This study was performed with the objective of determining the effect of using a vein visualization device on the success of the procedure...
January 9, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068924/de-implementation-strategy-to-reduce-the-inappropriate-use-of-urinary-and-intravenous-catheters-study-protocol-for-the-ricat-study
#9
Bart J Laan, Ingrid J B Spijkerman, Mieke H Godfried, Berend C Pasmooij, Jolanda M Maaskant, Marjon J Borgert, Brent C Opmeer, Margreet C Vos, Suzanne E Geerlings
BACKGROUND: Urinary and (peripheral and central) intravenous catheters are widely used in hospitalized patients. However, up to 56% of the catheters do not have an appropriate indication and some serious complications with the use of these catheters can occur. The main objective of our quality improvement project is to reduce the use of catheters without an appropriate indication by 25-50%, and to evaluate the affecting factors of our de-implementation strategy. METHODS: In a multicenter, prospective interrupted time series analysis, several interventions to avoid inappropriate use of catheters will be conducted in seven hospitals in the Netherlands...
January 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066668/noninvasive-computed-tomography-guided-marking-technique-for-peripheral-pulmonary-nodules
#10
Mingyon Mun, Yosuke Matsuura, Masayuki Nakao, Junji Ichinose, Ken Nakagawa, Sakae Okumura
BACKGROUND: Identification of the exact location of small peripheral pulmonary nodules during thoracoscopic wedge resection (TWR) is crucial. We describe a new method of computed tomography (CT)-guided marking without puncturing the visceral pleura (VP) for minimally palpable pulmonary nodules. METHODS: Preoperative CT scans were performed 1 day before TWR with the patient in the lateral decubitus position. Under CT guidance, we marked the skin over the pulmonary nodule...
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065379/selection-of-peripheral-intravenous-catheters-with-24-gauge-side-holes-versus-those-with-22-gauge-end-hole-for-mdct-a-prospective-randomized-study
#11
Akio Tamura, Kenichi Kato, Masayoshi Kamata, Tomohiro Suzuki, Michiko Suzuki, Manabu Nakayama, Makiko Tomabechi, Tatsuhiko Nakasato, Shigeru Ehara
PURPOSE: To compare the 24-gauge side-holes catheter and conventional 22-gauge end-hole catheter in terms of safety, injection pressure, and contrast enhancement on multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT). MATERIALS & METHODS: In a randomized single-center study, 180 patients were randomized to either the 24-gauge side-holes catheter or the 22-gauge end-hole catheter groups. The primary endpoint was safety during intravenous administration of contrast material for MDCT, using a non-inferiority analysis (lower limit 95% CI greater than -10% non-inferiority margin for the group difference)...
February 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064086/forced-swimming-induced-oxytocin-release-into-blood-and-brain-effects-of-adrenalectomy-and-corticosterone-treatment
#12
Luz Torner, Paul M Plotsky, Inga D Neumann, Trynke R de Jong
The oxytocin (OXT) system is functionally linked to the HPA axis in a reciprocal and complex manner. Certain stressors are known to cause the simultaneous release of OXT and adrenocorticotrophic hormone (ACTH) followed by corticosterone (CORT). Furthermore, brain OXT attenuates ACTH and CORT responses. Although there are some indications of CORT influencing OXT neurotransmission, specific effects of CORT on neurohypophyseal or intra-hypothalamic release of OXT have not been studied in detail. In the present set of experiments, adult male rats were adrenalectomized (ADX) or sham-operated and fitted with a jugular vein catheter and/or microdialysis probe targeting the hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN)...
December 16, 2016: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054036/sphingosine-1-phosphate-in-the-lymphatic-fluid-determined-by-novel-methods
#13
Masayuki Nagahashi, Akimitsu Yamada, Tomoyoshi Aoyagi, Jeremy Allegood, Toshifumi Wakai, Sarah Spiegel, Kazuaki Takabe
BACKGROUND: Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a pleiotropic bioactive lipid mediator that regulates many physiological and pathological processes. It has been suggested that S1P gradient with high concentrations in the blood and lymphatic fluid and low concentrations in the peripheral tissue plays important roles in immune cell trafficking and potentially cancer progression. However, only a few reports have assessed S1P levels in the lymphatic fluid due to lack of an established easy-to-use method...
December 2016: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050372/blood-contamination-of-the-small-bore-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-in-neonates
#14
Vani Krishnamurthy, Srinivasa Murthy Doreswamy, Sushma Krishnagowda
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral Intravenous Catheters (PIV) are extensively used in sick neonates for administration of medicines and nutrition. When these PIVs are used on intermittent basis, they are flushed with saline in order to keep the hub of the catheter free from blood. Presence of blood in the hub of the catheter can be potentially dangerous as it could facilitate infection. AIM: The aim of this study was to find the magnitude of blood contamination of PIV catheter hub after routine flushing...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049254/peripherally-inserted-central-venous-catheter-associated-complications-exert-negative-effects-on-body-weight-gain-in-neonatal-intensive-care-units
#15
Jie Wen, Qun Yu, Haiyan Chen, Niannian Chen, Shourong Huang, Wei Cai
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The placement of a peripherally inserted central venous catheter (PICC) is an essential procedure in neonatal intensive care units (NICU). The aim of this study was to determine the risk of PICC complications in NICU, and further identify the effects of PICC complications on body weight gain in premature infants. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A total of 304 premature infants who had a PICC inserted in NICU were enrolled in this study. The weight-for-age z-score (WAZ) at the time of PICC insertion and removal were calculated, and changes of WAZ in different groups were compared using a t-test...
January 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045933/optimization-of-peripheral-vascular-sizing-with-conductance-guidewire-theory-and-experiment
#16
Hyo Won Choi, Zachary C Berwick, Matthew S Sulkin, Christopher D Owens, Ghassan S Kassab
Although the clinical range of interventions for coronary arteries is about 2 to 5 mm, the range of diameters of peripheral vasculature is significantly larger (about 10 mm for human iliac artery). When the vessel diameter is increased, the spacing between excitation electrodes on a conductance sizing device must also increase to accommodate the greater range of vessel diameters. The increase in the excitation electrodes distance, however, causes higher parallel conductance or current losses outside of artery lumen...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045921/peripheral-venous-catheter-related-adverse-events-evaluation-from-a-multicentre-epidemiological-study-in-france-the-catheval-project
#17
Katiuska Miliani, Raphaël Taravella, Denis Thillard, Valérie Chauvin, Emmanuelle Martin, Stéphanie Edouard, Pascal Astagneau
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral venous catheters (PVC) are medical devices most frequently used during hospital care. Although the frequency of specific PVC-related adverse events (PVCAEs) has been reported, the global risk related to the insertion of this device is poorly estimated. The aim of this study is to determine the incidence of PVCAEs during the indwell time, after catheter removal, and to identify practice-mirroring risk factors. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted as a part of a research project, called CATHEVAL, in one surgery ward and four medicine wards from three public general tertiary care hospitals in Northern France that were invited to participate between June-2013 and June-2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045704/neonatal-peripherally-inserted-central-catheter-practices-and-providers-results-from-the-neonatal-picc1-survey
#18
Elizabeth Sharpe, Latoya Kuhn, David Ratz, Sarah L Krein, Vineet Chopra
BACKGROUND: Neonatal intensive care units (NICUs) commonly utilize peripherally inserted central catheters (PICCs) to provide nutrition and long-term medications to premature and full-term infants. However, little is known about PICC practices in these settings. PURPOSE: To assess PICC practices, policies, and providers in NICUs. METHODS: The Neonatal PICC1 Survey was conducted through the use of the electronic mailing list of a national neonatal professional organization's electronic membership community...
December 29, 2016: Advances in Neonatal Care: Official Journal of the National Association of Neonatal Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040708/pulmonary-artery-sarcoma-mimicking-pulmonary-embolism-a-case-series
#19
Narat Srivali, Eunhee S Yi, Jay H Ryu
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) is a rare malignant neoplasm with an aggressive behavior and often difficult to distinguish from pulmonary thromboembolic disease. AIM: To assess the demographic, clinical, and radiological characteristics of PAS and clinical course. DESIGN AND METHODS: We retrospectively identified and analyzed all patients with PAS seen at Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, between January 1, 1996 and July 31, 2015...
December 30, 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031233/quantitative-intravascular-biological-fluorescence-ultrasound-imaging-of-coronary-and-peripheral-arteries-in-vivo
#20
Dmitry Bozhko, Eric A Osborn, Amir Rosenthal, Johan W Verjans, Tetsuya Hara, Stephan Kellnberger, Georg Wissmeyer, Saak V Ovsepian, Jason R McCarthy, Adam Mauskapf, Ashley F Stein, Farouc A Jaffer, Vasilis Ntziachristos
AIMS: (i) to evaluate a novel hybrid near-infrared fluorescence-intravascular ultrasound (NIRF-IVUS) system in coronary and peripheral swine arteries in vivo; (ii) to assess simultaneous quantitative biological and morphological aspects of arterial disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Two 9F/15MHz peripheral and 4.5F/40MHz coronary near-infrared fluorescence (NIRF)-IVUS catheters were engineered to enable accurate co-registrtation of biological and morphological readings simultaneously in vivo...
December 27, 2016: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
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