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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920614/spine-care-as-a-framework-for-the-chiropractic-identity
#1
REVIEW
Michael Schneider, Donald Murphy, Jan Hartvigsen
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this commentary is to provide an argument for the role and identity of chiropractors as spine care providers within the context of the greater health care system. DISCUSSION: Surveys of the general public and chiropractors indicate that the majority of patients seek chiropractic services for back and neck pain. Insurance company utilization data confirm these findings. Regulatory and legal language found in chiropractic practice acts reveals that most jurisdictions define the chiropractic scope of practice as based on a foundation of spine care...
December 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919478/attitudes-to-cannabis-and-patterns-of-use-among-canadians-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
Emma Banwell, Bennis Pavisian, Liesly Lee, Anthony Feinstein
BACKGROUND: Canada has the highest incidence of MS worldwide. Anecdotal evidence reveals that people with MS smoke, ingest or vaporize cannabis for a multiplicity of reasons. With the legal situation in relation to use currently in flux, we undertook a study investigating patterns of use amongst people with MS and their attitudes towards the drug. METHODS: A consecutive sample of people with MS (n=246) attending a neurology (n=118) and a neuropsychiatry (n=107) clinic was enrolled and asked to complete a questionnaire containing demographic, disease and cannabis related variables...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919469/dangerous-intoxication-after-oral-ingestion-of-poppers-alkyl-nitrites-two-case-reports
#3
Stéphanie Pain, François Chavant, Bernard Fauconneau, Jérémy Guenezan, Nicolas Marjanovic, Jean-Yves Lardeur, Bertrand Brunet, Marie-Christine Perault-Pochat
"Poppers" (alkyl nitrites) were made famous in the 1960s as a party drug and are still used today. They are highly volatile, sweet-smelling liquids commonly administered by inhalation. However, sometimes, they can be consumed by oral ingestion resulting in greater toxicity. They are used for their vasodilator effects but these volatile nitrites can also cause methemoglobinemia. Methemoglobinemia is a rare pathology that results from the oxidation of iron in the hemoglobin molecule. Oxidation of iron switches it from the ferrous to the ferric state and impedes the ability of hemoglobin to carry oxygen...
December 2, 2016: Thérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919369/informing-the-development-of-an-internet-based-chronic-pain-self-management-program
#4
Amédé Gogovor, Regina Visca, Claudine Auger, Lucie Bouvrette-Leblanc, Iphigenia Symeonidis, Lise Poissant, Mark A Ware, Yoram Shir, Natacha Viens, Sara Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Self-management can optimize health outcomes for individuals with chronic pain (CP), an increasing fiscal and social burden in Canada. However, self-management is rarely integrated into the regular care (team activities and medical treatment) patients receive. Health information technology offers an opportunity to provide regular monitoring and exchange of information between patient and care team. OBJECTIVE: To identify information needs and gaps in chronic pain management as well as technology features to inform the development of an Internet-based self-management program...
January 2017: International Journal of Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903035/the-inherited-chronic-pain-patient
#5
Paul Grinzi
BACKGROUND: The 'inherited' patient, where a patient switches to a new doctor, is a common and potentially challenging scenario, especially where drugs of dependence are involved. There are few resources to guide general practitioners (GPs) with an approach that ensures compassion and rational clinical decision-making. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to guide GPs in an approach to taking over the care of an inherited patient and focuses on considerations of rational prescribing...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898287/international-association-for-hospice-and-palliative-care-position-statement-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide
#6
Liliana De Lima, Roger Woodruff, Katherine Pettus, Julia Downing, Rosa Buitrago, Esther Munyoro, Chitra Venkateswaran, Sushma Bhatnagar, Lukas Radbruch
BACKGROUND: Reports about regulations and laws on Euthanasia and Physician Assisted Suicide (PAS) are becoming increasingly common in the media. Many groups have expressed opposition to euthanasia and PAS while those in favor argue that severely chronically ill and debilitated patients have a right to control the timing and manner of their death. Others argue that both PAS and euthanasia are ethically legitimate in rare and exceptional cases. Given that these discussions as well as the new and proposed laws and regulations may have a powerful impact on patients, caregivers, and health care providers, the International Association for Hospice and Palliative Care (IAHPC) has prepared this statement...
November 29, 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896390/-assisted-suicide-in-the-movies-what-is-not-shown
#7
Kurt W Schmidt
Whereas changes to the existing legal situation regarding assisted suicide have been a topic of controversial debate in Germany for the last few years, this issue has long been of interest for international film-makers. Since the mid-1980s, the theme of assisted suicide has repeatedly been taken up by cinema, predominantly as central to a relationship drama. A sick person asks somebody close to them for help. Often this somebody is a physician or a nurse, ultimately an obvious way of solving the practical problem of how the assistant is to gain access to a lethal substance...
November 28, 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893147/update-on-the-pharmacology-and-legal-status-of-kratom
#8
Walter C Prozialeck
Kratom (Mitragyna speciosa) is a plant indigenous to Southeast Asia. Its leaves and the teas brewed from them have long been used by people in that region to stave off fatigue and to manage pain and opioid withdrawal. In a comprehensive review published in 2012, Prozialeck et al presented evidence that kratom had been increasingly used for the self-management of opioid withdrawal and pain in the United States. At the time, kratom was classified as a legal herbal product by the US Drug Enforcement Administration...
December 1, 2016: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883873/doctors
#9
Gaya Sritharan, Amber C Mills, Michele R Levinson, Anthea L Gellie
Objectives The aims of the present study were to investigate doctors' attitudes regarding the discussion and writing of not for resuscitation (NFR) orders and to identify potential barriers to the completion of these orders.Methods A questionnaire-based convenience study was undertaken at a tertiary hospital. Likert scales and open-ended questions were directed to issues surrounding the discussion, timing, understanding and writing of NFR orders, including legal and personal considerations.Results Doctors thought the presence of an NFR order both should and does alter care delivered by nursing staff, particularly delivery of pain relief, nursing observations and contacting the medical emergency team...
November 25, 2016: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866120/evidence-based-guidelines-on-the-therapeutic-use-of-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-tdcs
#10
REVIEW
Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur, Andrea Antal, Samar S Ayache, David H Benninger, Jérôme Brunelin, Filippo Cogiamanian, Maria Cotelli, Dirk De Ridder, Roberta Ferrucci, Berthold Langguth, Paola Marangolo, Veit Mylius, Michael A Nitsche, Frank Padberg, Ulrich Palm, Emmanuel Poulet, Alberto Priori, Simone Rossi, Martin Schecklmann, Sven Vanneste, Ulf Ziemann, Luis Garcia-Larrea, Walter Paulus
A group of European experts was commissioned by the European Chapter of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology to gather knowledge about the state of the art of the therapeutic use of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) from studies published up until September 2016, regarding pain, Parkinson's disease, other movement disorders, motor stroke, poststroke aphasia, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, consciousness disorders, Alzheimer's disease, tinnitus, depression, schizophrenia, and craving/addiction...
October 29, 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863701/the-many-wounds-of-war-the-association-of-service-related-and-clinical-characteristics-with-problems-with-the-law-in-iraq-and-afghanistan-veterans
#11
Autumn Backhaus, Shadi Gholizadeh, Kathryn M Godfrey, James Pittman, Niloofar Afari
Previous research has demonstrated that veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are at higher risk for aggression, hostility, and anger, potentially leading to problems with the law or disciplinary action while in the military. There have been calls for increased consideration of the unique aspects of the judicial system in legal matters with veterans involved. The bulk of the research so far has considered the link between PTSD, traumatic brain injury (TBI), and combat exposure, but little is known about the potential role of chronic pain and Military Sexual Trauma (MST) in a veteran's experience of anger, aggression, and discipline while in the military and legal concerns...
November 2016: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855184/the-influence-of-isoflurane-anaesthesia-on-the-rat-grimace-scale
#12
Amy L Miller, Huw D R Golledge, Matthew C Leach
Over 234,000 rats were used in regulated procedures in the UK in 2014, many of which may have resulted in some degree of pain. When using animals in research, there is an ethical and legal responsibility to alleviate or at least reduce pain to an absolute minimum. To do this, we must be able to effectively assess pain in an accurate and timely manner. The Rat Grimace Scale (RGS) is a pain assessment tool, which is suggested to be both accurate and rapid in pain assessment. Many procedures involve the use of general anaesthesia...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846066/prevalence-and-patterns-of-marijuana-use-in-young-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
Uma Padhye Phatak, Danilo Rojas-Velasquez, Anthony Porto, Dinesh S Pashankar
OBJECTIVES: Recent studies in adults report symptom relief with marijuana use in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). We assessed the prevalence, pattern, effects and adverse effects of marijuana use in young adults with IBD. METHODS: We conducted a prospective questionnaire survey study at a pediatric IBD clinic. All patients (18 to 21 years of age) answered anonymous questionnaires about demographics, IBD, medications and marijuana use. RESULTS: Fifty-three patients (Mean age 18...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833206/non-faith-based-arguments-against-physician-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia
#14
Daniel P Sulmasy, John M Travaline, Louise A Mitchell, E Wesley Ely
This article is a complement to "A Template for Non-Religious-Based Discussions Against Euthanasia" by Melissa Harintho, Nathaniel Bloodworth, and E. Wesley Ely which appeared in the February 2015 Linacre Quarterly. Herein we build upon Daniel Sulmasy's opening and closing arguments from the 2014 Intelligence Squared debate on legalizing assisted suicide, supplemented by other non-faith-based arguments and thoughts, providing four nontheistic arguments against physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia: (1) "it offends me"; (2) slippery slope; (3) "pain can be alleviated"; (4) physician integrity and patient trust...
August 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832442/cannabinoids-in-the-management-of-musculoskeletal-or-rheumatic-diseases
#15
REVIEW
Mary-Ann Fitzcharles, Winfried Häuser
The endocannabinoid system impacts pain and inflammation with potential for therapeutic effect on patients with rheumatic diseases. The current treatment options include the herbal product derived from the plant Cannabis sativa, as well as pharmaceutical preparations. The legalization of medicinal cannabis (marijuana) in many jurisdictions and widespread public advocacy has propelled an interest in use either by prescription or self-medication. In this review, we examine current evidence for efficacy and adverse effects of any cannabinoid product in rheumatic conditions...
December 2016: Current Rheumatology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818062/-drug-use-and-treatment-misuse-key-points-on-polydrug-use
#16
Alice Deschenau, Anton Iftimovici, Didier Touzeau
Problematic use of psychoactive drugs, be it legal, on prescription, or not, remains a broad phenomenon when taken as a whole, with an increasingly large spectrum of used products. The polysubstance drug use is an expanding new trend. Although its epidemiological analysis is complex, needing further research, certain patterns of drug combinations can be found, allowing to identify clusters of users associated to more specific medical and social risks. Managing polysubstance users involves assessing each drug use, but also the connections between drugs and the patient's expectations for each of them...
December 2016: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803978/the-impact-of-psychological-factors-on-recovery-from-injury-a-multicentre-cohort-study
#17
Blerina Kellezi, C Coupland, R Morriss, K Beckett, S Joseph, J Barnes, N Christie, J Sleney, D Kendrick
PURPOSE: Unintentional injuries have a significant long-term health impact in working age adults. Depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder are common post-injury, but their impact on self-reported recovery has not been investigated in general injury populations. This study investigated the role of psychological predictors 1 month post-injury in subsequent self-reported recovery from injury in working-aged adults. METHODS: A multicentre cohort study was conducted of 668 unintentionally injured adults admitted to five UK hospitals followed up at 1, 2, 4 and 12 months post-injury...
November 1, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787781/model-of-current-practice-regarding-prescriptions-of-controlled-substances-and-the-perceived-benefits-of-e-prescribing-in-an-academic-medical-center
#18
Eli Kupperman, Daniel Vigil, Arash Yazdani, Kevin Baldwin
To review current practices regarding prescribing controlled substances at an academic medical center and describe possible advantages of electronic prescribing of controlled substances (EPCS). A 10-question multiple choice survey was sent electronically to all house staff at an academic medical center. Aggregated data was analyzed for trends. 193 surveys (18.8 %) were completed. Of all respondents, 46.6 % were not able to write their own prescriptions. 70.0 % have used another provider's prescription pad to write prescriptions...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785434/urethral-catheters-and-medical-malpractice-a-legal-database-review-from-1965-to-2015
#19
Mohannad A Awad, E Charles Osterberg, Helena Chang, Thomas W Gaither, Amjad Alwaal, Ryan Fox, Benjamin N Breyer
BACKGROUND: Urethral catheters (UCs) are commonly used in medicine and are associated with complications such as urinary tract infections (UTIs) and trauma. Given UC complications and their ubiquitous usage in healthcare, there is a potential for liability risk. We aim to explore litigation involving UC-related complications. METHODS: The LexisNexis legal database was queried for all state and federal cases from January 1965 through October 2015 using the terms "urethral catheter" or "Foley catheter" in combination with "medical malpractice", "negligence", "medical error", and "trauma"...
October 2016: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771783/accessibility-of-opioid-analgesics-and-barriers-to-optimal-chronic-pain-treatment-in-poland-in-2000-2015
#20
Tomasz Dzierżanowski, Aleksandra Ciałkowska-Rysz
PURPOSE: Based on the international reports, consumption of opioid analgesics in Poland is relatively low. There is limited information on possible impediments to optimal opioid use. This study was aimed to identify possible barriers to access to opioid analgesics and causes of failure to comply with current clinical guidelines. METHODS: Consumption data per capita in 2000-2015 were analyzed in terms of oral morphine equivalents in total, per prescription type, per reimbursement status, to identify the impact of regulations specific for Poland...
October 22, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
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