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Legal pain

O Razum, J Wenner, K Bozorgmehr
Health and access to health care are considered a human right. "Regular" immigrants such as work migrants in Germany have the same entitlement to health care coverage through the statutory health insurance as the majority population. This, however, is not the case for refugees and asylum seekers. According to paragraphs 4 and 6 of the Asylum Seekers' Benefit Act, their entitlement is restricted to care for acute pain, pregnancy and childbirth, as well as immunizations in the first 15 months. Additional care can be financed on a case-by-case basis...
October 18, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
Nayan Lamba, Daniel Holsgrove, Marike L Broekman
BACKGROUND: Since the turn of the last century, the prospect of head transplantation has captured the imagination of scientists and the general public. Recently, head transplant has regained attention in popular media, as neurosurgeons have proposed performing this procedure in 2017. Given the potential impact of such a procedure, we were interested in learning the history of the technical hurdles that need to be overcome, and determine if it is even technically possible to perform such a procedure on humans today...
October 14, 2016: Acta Neurochirurgica
Pooria Sarrami, Elizabeth Armstrong, Justine M Naylor, Ian A Harris
BACKGROUND: Whiplash injuries are among the leading injuries related to car crashes and it is important to determine the prognostic factors that predict the outcome of patients with these injuries. This meta-review aims to identify factors that are associated with outcome after acute whiplash injury. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic search for all systematic reviews on outcome prediction of acute whiplash injury was conducted across several electronic databases...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology: Official Journal of the Italian Society of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Fabio Margiotta, Ailish Hannigan, Ather Imran, Dominic Colman Harmon
Chronic pain is a public health concern affecting 20% to 30% of the population of Western countries. Psychological risk factors can worsen chronic pain patients. Themes of perceived injustice (PI) and pain catastrophizing are related to poor clinical outcomes. Particularly, perceived injustice has not been assessed systematically in patients at their first presentation in chronic pain clinics in Ireland. This study aims to assess the Injustice Experience Questionnaire (IEQ)'s internal consistency in the Irish population, assess PI in patients attending a chronic pain clinic in Ireland using the IEQ, investigate pain catastrophizing through the Pain Catastrophizing Scale (PCS) and its relationship with IEQ scores, and explore their relationships with self-reported Numeric Pain Rating Scale...
October 13, 2016: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. For the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2015 (GBD 2015), we estimated the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015...
October 8, 2016: Lancet
Leslie Padrnos, Robert Bennett, Heidi Kosiorek, Amylou C Dueck, Donald Northfelt, Joseph Mikhael, Raoul Tibes, Nandita Khera, Ruben A Mesa
A cancer diagnosis requires significant information to facilitate health care decision making, understand management options, and health care system navigation. Patient knowledge deficit can decrease quality of life and health care compliance. Surveys were distributed to attendees of the Mayo Clinic "Living with and Surviving Cancer" patient symposium January 2015. Follow-up survey was sent to participants 3 months after the symposium. Surveys included demographic data and patient-reported disease comprehension, symptom burden, desired information, and quality-of-life assessment...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
Jackie Inch, Terry Porteous, Vivienne Maskrey, Annie Blyth, Jackie Burr, Jennifer Cleland, David J Wright, Richard Holland, Christine M Bond, Margaret C Watson
BACKGROUND: Effective management of minor ailments in community pharmacies could reduce the burden on alternative high-cost services (general practices, Emergency Departments). Evidence is needed regarding the appropriateness of management of these conditions in community pharmacies. OBJECTIVE: To explore the appropriateness of minor ailment management in community pharmacies. SETTING: Prospective, observational study of simulated patient (SP) visits to community pharmacies in Grampian (Scotland) and East Anglia (England)...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Pharmacy Practice
Charles D Ciccone
Medical marijuana continues to gain acceptance and become legalized in many states. Various species of the marijuana plant have been cultivated, and this plant can contain up to 100 active compounds known as cannabinoids. Two cannabinoids seem the most clinically relevant: Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), which tends to produce the psychotropic effects commonly associated with marijuana, and cannabidiol (CBD), which may produce therapeutic effects without appreciable psychoactive properties. Smoking marijuana, or ingesting extracts from the whole plant orally (in baked goods, teas, and so forth), introduces variable amounts of THC, CBD, and other minor cannabinoids into the systemic circulation where they ultimately reach the central and peripheral nervous systems...
September 22, 2016: Physical Therapy
Corey S Davis, Scott Burris, Leo Beletsky, Ingrid Binswanger
The opioid overdose epidemic claims the lives of tens of thousands of Americans every year. Opioid overdose is reversible by the administration of naloxone, a pure antagonist now available in formulations specifically designed and labeled for layperson use. Despite broad support for layperson access to naloxone from professional organizations, health officials, and clinical experts, qualitative studies suggest that some providers have concerns about legal risks associated with naloxone prescribing, particularly co-prescribing naloxone to pain patients...
September 20, 2016: Substance Abuse
Alireza Baratloo, Alaleh Rouhipour, Mohammad Mehdi Forouzanfar, Saeed Safari, Marzieh Amiri, Ahmed Negida
CONTEXT: Caffeine is the most commonly used psychoactive legal drug in the world. Caffeine's role in controlling pain has received less attention in the past, yet is being increasingly considered. This article briefly reviewed the literature to clarify the role of caffeine as a drug for pain control and attract investigators to this topic. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: The data on Caffeine as an adjuvant therapy or as a main component for pain modulation has been narratively reviewed...
June 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
(no author information available yet)
Myeloma bone disease (MBD), the skeletal lesions caused by multiple myeloma, is also known as skeletal related events and includes bone pain, osteoporosis, pathological fractures, osteolytic bone lesions, spinal instability, spinal cord and nerve root compression and extramedullary plasmacytoma. It is now generally accepted that patients with these complications usually require surgical management and that such treatment is safe and effective. The aims of surgical interventions are to alleviate pain, improve quality of life, treat potential or existing pathological fractures, decompress the spinal cord and nerve roots, and reestablish bone continuity...
August 2016: Orthopaedic Surgery
Maria G Garcia-Orjuela, Lineth Alarcon-Franco, Juan C Sanchez-Fernandez, Yuli Agudelo, Andres F Zuluaga
BACKGROUND: In some countries the misuse and diversion of prescribed opioid analgesic is increasing considerably, but there is no official data regarding the situation in Colombia. The aim of this study was to identify all dependent to opioid analgesics legally prescribed patients that were treated in a University Hospital in Medellin, Colombia during 4 years and to characterize this population. METHODS: Observational study in a University Hospital in Medellin, Colombia, searching for patients with ICD-10 codes related with opioid related disorders, adverse events or pain and treated between January 2011 and December 2014...
2016: BMC Pharmacology & Toxicology
Sausan El Burai Félix, Karin A Mack, Christopher M Jones
OBJECTIVE: Limited information has been published about opioid prescribing practices in Puerto Rico. The objective of this study was to create baseline trends of opioids distributed over a period of fourteen years in Puerto Rico. METHODS: We examined data from the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration's Automation of Reports and Consolidated Orders System (ARCOS) for the period 1999-2013. ARCOS data reflects the amount of controlled substances legally dispensed. Analyses include the distribution of opioids (in morphine milligram equivalent kg per 10,000 persons) by year and entity (pharmacy, hospital, practitioner)...
September 2016: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
Michelle R Peace, Karen E Butler, Carl E Wolf, Justin L Poklis, Alphonse Poklis
Since 24 states and the District of Columbia have legalized marijuana in some form, suppliers of legal marijuana have developed Cannabis sativa products for use in electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes). Personal battery powered vaporizers, or e-cigarettes, were developed to deliver a nicotine vapor such that smokers could simulate smoking tobacco without the inherent pathology of inhaled tobacco smoke. The liquid formulations used in these devices are comprised of an active ingredient such as nicotine mixed with vegetable glycerin (VG) and/or propylene glycol (PG) and flavorings...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Sara A Love, Jesse C Seegmiller, Julie Kloss, Fred S Apple
Urine drug testing is commonly performed in both clinical and forensic arenas for screening, monitoring and compliance purposes. We sought to determine if urine creatinine concentrations in monitoring program participants were significantly different from hospital in-patients and out-patients undergoing urine drug testing. We retrospectively reviewed urine creatinine submitted in June through December 2015 for all specimens undergoing urine drug testing. The 20,479 creatinine results were categorized as hospitalized patients (H) and monitoring/compliance groups for pain management (P), legal (L) or recovery (R)...
October 2016: Journal of Analytical Toxicology
R N Werner, A F Nikkels, B Marinović, M Schäfer, M Czarnecka-Operacz, A M Agius, Z Bata-Csörgő, J Breuer, G Girolomoni, G E Gross, S Langan, R Lapid-Gortzak, T H Lesser, U Pleyer, J Sellner, G M Verjans, P Wutzler, C Dressler, R Erdmann, S Rosumeck, A Nast
BACKGROUND: Herpes zoster (HZ, shingles) is a frequent medical condition which may severely impact the quality of life of affected patients. Different therapeutic approaches to treat acute HZ are available. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this European project was the elaboration of a consensus-based guideline on the management of patients who present with HZ, considering different patient populations and different localisations. This interdisciplinary guideline aims at an improvement of the outcomes of the acute HZ management concerning disease duration, acute pain and quality of life of the affected patients and at a reduction of the incidence of PHN and other complications...
August 31, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
David Musyoki, Sarafina Gichohi, Johnson Ritho, Zipporah Ali, Asaph Kinyanjui, Esther Muinga
Palliative care is patient and family-centred care that optimises quality of life by anticipating, preventing, and treating suffering. Open Society Foundation public health program (2011) notes that people facing life-threatening illnesses are deeply vulnerable: often in severe physical pain, worried about death, incapacitation, or the fate of their loved ones. Legal issues can increase stress for patients and families and make coping harder, impacting on the quality of care. In the absence of a clear legal provision expressly recognising palliative care in Kenya, providers may face numerous legal and ethical dilemmas that affect the availability, accessibility, and delivery of palliative care services and commodities...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
Supawon Srettabunjong, Wiratchaya Limgitisupasin
INTRODUCTION: Acute pancreatitis (AP) is an uncommon disease with a wide clinical course varying from mild and self-limiting to severe with eventual death. However, death caused by AP is rare. Most cases of AP reported in the English-language literature are based on clinical data; few are medico-legal studies. CASE PRESENTATION: The author recently experienced a case of sudden unexpected death in a young man caused by extensive severe hemorrhagic AP secondary to cholelithiasis, not chronic alcoholism, which is a much more prominent etiology of AP in medico-legal perspectives...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Deniz Öztürk, Zehra Gocmen Baykara, Ayise Karadag, Evrim Eyikara
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of applying manual pressure before intramuscular injection and compare it with the standard injection technique in terms of reducing the young adult student's post-injection pain. BACKGROUND: The administration of intramuscular injections is a procedure performed by nurses and one that causes anxiety and pain for the patient. Nurses have ethical and legal obligations to mitigate injection-related pain and the nurses use of effective pain management not only provides physical comfort to the patients, it also improves the patients' experience...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Tatiana Bierut, Melissa J Krauss, Shaina J Sowles, Patricia A Cavazos-Rehg
With an increase in the legalization of recreational marijuana across the USA, advertising for marijuana products is more widespread, especially on the Internet where such practices pose a regulatory challenge. In this study, we examined the content of marijuana advertising on Weedmaps, a popular website that markets marijuana retailers online. A total of 146 recreational marijuana retailers in Colorado and Washington were examined on Weedmaps. We studied the age verification practices made in retailers' own websites, the presence of health claims they made about marijuana on Weedmaps, and the characteristics of followers of Weedmaps on social media sites...
August 17, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
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