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Apical debris

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708251/efficacy-of-photon-initiated-photoacoustic-streaming-on-apically-extruded-debris-with-different-preparation-systems-in-curved-canals
#1
D Arslan, A Kustarci
AIM: To determine the effect of photon-initiated photoacoustic streaming (PIPS) on the extrusion of debris using multiple-file (ProTaper Next-PTN) and single-file (One Shape-OS) continuous rotary systems in curved canals in human molar teeth. METHODOLOGY: Sixty extracted maxillary first molar teeth with curved mesial roots, mature apices and of similar lengths were selected. Teeth with apical diameters larger than size 15 were discarded. The teeth were randomly divided into 4 experimental groups (n=15 teeth per group) according to the file used and irrigation systems: (1) OS with PIPS with a 2940 nm Er:YAG laser (0...
July 14, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608053/apical-extrusion-of-debris-during-the-preparation-of-oval-root-canals-a-comparative-study-between-a-full-sequence-saf-system-and-a-rotary-file-system-supplemented-by-xp-endo-finisher-file
#2
Anda Kfir, Rotem Moza-Levi, Moran Herteanu, Amir Weissman, Ronald Wigler
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the amount of apically extruded debris during the preparation of oval canals with either a rotary file system supplemented by the XP-endo Finisher file or a full-sequence self-adjusting file (SAF) system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty mandibular incisors were randomly assigned to two groups: group A: stage 1-glide path preparation with Pre-SAF instruments. Stage 2-cleaning and shaping with SAF. Group B: stage 1-glide path preparation with ProGlider file...
June 12, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571265/comparative-analyses-of-smear-layer-removal-using-four-different-irrigant-solutions-in-the-primary-root-canals-a-scanning-electron-microscopic-study
#3
Krishna Vallabhaneni, Pranitha Kakarla, Sai Sankar Jogendra Avula, N Venu Gopal Reddy, Mjs Pratap Gowd, Kuravadi Raja Vardhan
INTRODUCTION: A clinician's path to success is a clean root canal system with three dimensional seal. Mechanical instrumentation of root canals alone leaves behind a smear layer covering the dentinal walls. Instrumentation must always be supported by use of irrigants which are considered as an essential prerequisite for root canal debridement. AIM: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the efficacy of four irrigating solutions in removing the smear layer in primary root canals after hand instrumentation...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437194/comparison-of-three-final-irrigation-activation-techniques-effects-on-canal-cleanness-smear-layer-removal-and-dentinal-tubule-penetration-of-two-root-canal-sealers
#4
Elmas Turkel, Emel Olga Onay, Mete Ungor
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare three final irrigation activation techniques with respect to their effects on debridement efficacy, smear layer removal, and dentinal tubule penetration of two different root canal sealers. BACKGROUND DATA: Different applications to improve the delivery of irrigating solutions within the root canal system are currently being investigated, as not all of the mechanisms and effects of these techniques have been clearly identified...
February 22, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349913/establishing-apical-patency-to-be-or-not-to-be
#5
Zahed Mohammadi, Hamid Jafarzadeh, Sousan Shalavi, Jun-Ichiro Kinoshita
INTRODUCTION: The apical portion of the root canal is very complex and challenging during endodontic treatment. Root canal preparation and obturation to the apical constriction may provide the best prognosis. Incomplete debridement, foramen transportation, and inadequate seal in the apical portion are considered to be responsible for treatment failure. The technique "apical patency" is considered as a way for maintaining the apical part the free of the debris by recapitulation, using a small K-file through the area of the apical foramen...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302729/phagocytosis-dependent-ketogenesis-in-retinal-pigment-epithelium
#6
Juan Reyes-Reveles, Anuradha Dhingra, Desiree Alexander, Alvina Bragin, Nancy J Philp, Kathleen Boesze-Battaglia
Daily, the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) ingests a bolus of lipid and protein in the form of phagocytized photoreceptor outer segments (OS). The RPE, like the liver, expresses enzymes required for fatty acid oxidation and ketogenesis. This suggests that these pathways play a role in the disposal of lipids from ingested OS, as well as providing a mechanism for recycling metabolic intermediates back to the outer retina. In this study, we examined whether OS phagocytosis was linked to ketogenesis. We found increased levels of β-hydroxybutyrate (β-HB) in the apical medium following ingestion of OS by human fetal RPE and ARPE19 cells cultured on Transwell inserts...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258810/apically-extruded-debris-after-retreatment-procedure-with-reciproc-protaper-next-and-twisted-file-adaptive-instruments
#7
Koray Yılmaz, Taha Özyürek
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to compare the amount of debris extruded from the apex during retreatment procedures with ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), Reciproc (RCP; VDW, Munich, Germany), and Twisted File Adaptive (TFA; SybronEndo, Orange, CA) files and the duration of these retreatment procedures. METHODS: Ninety upper central incisor teeth were prepared and filled with gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer (Dentsply DeTrey, Konstanz, Germany) using the vertical compaction technique...
April 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256488/effects-of-seven-different-irrigation-techniques-on-debris-and-the-smear-layer-a-scanning-electron-microscopy-study
#8
M Yilmaz, S Yılmaz, A Dumanı, C Kuden, O Yoldas
AIM: Conventional manual irrigation with a syringe and needle remains widely accepted technique in the irrigation procedures. However, its flushing action has some limitations. Currently, several techniques and systems are available and reported to improve the insufficiency of syringe irrigation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of 7 different irrigation techniques compared to standard irrigation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Straight roots from 80 extracted human maxillary central incisors were collected, and root canals were instrumented with K-files up to apical size 50...
March 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243300/comparison-of-apical-extrusion-of-debris-by-using-single-file-full-sequence-rotary-and-reciprocating-systems
#9
Maryam Ehsani, Robab Farhang, Azadeh Harandi, Saeid Tavanafar, Maryam Raoof, Saeedeh Galledar
OBJECTIVES: During root canal preparation, apical extrusion of debris can cause inflammation, flare-ups, and delayed healing. Therefore, instrumentation techniques that cause the least extrusion of debris are desirable. This study aimed to compare apical extrusion of debris by five single-file, full-sequence rotary and reciprocating systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred twenty human mandibular premolars with similar root lengths, apical diameters, and canal curvatures were selected and randomly assigned to six groups (n=20): Reciproc R25 (25, 0...
November 2016: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240758/the-influence-of-a-new-clinical-motion-for-endodontic-instruments-on-the-incidence-of-postoperative-pain
#10
G Gambarini, D Di Nardo, G Miccoli, F Guerra, R Di Giorgio, G Di Giorgio, G Glassman, L Piasecki, L Testarelli
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies showed that motor motions play an important role in determining apical extrusion of debris. Therefore a new clinical motion (MIMERACI) has been proposed. The basic idea is to progress slowly (1mm advancement), and after each 1mm, to remove the instrument from the canal, clean flutes and irrigate. The aim of the study was to prove whether the clinical use of MIMERACI technique would influence or not postoperative pain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 teeth requesting endodontic treatment were selected for the study and divided into two similar groups based on anatomy, pre-operative symptoms and vitality, presence or absence of periapical lesion...
January 2017: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210445/evaluation-of-conventional-protaper-hand-and-protaper-rotary-instrumentation-system-for-apical-extrusion-of-debris-irrigants-and-bacteria-an-in-vitro-randomized-trial
#11
Pinky Kalra, Arathi Rao, Ethel Suman, Ramya Shenoy, Baranya-Shrikrishna Suprabha
BACKGROUND: Endodontic instrumentation carries the risk of over extrusion of debris and bacteria. The technique used and the type of instrumentation influences this risk. AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the K-file, ProTaper hand and ProTaper rotary instrumentation systems for the amount of apically extruded debris, irrigant solution and intracanal bacteria. DESIGN: Experimental single blinded randomized type of in vitro study with sample of 30 single rooted teeth...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196289/what-happens-to-unprepared-root-canal-walls-a-correlative-analysis-using-micro-computed-tomography-and-histology-scanning-electron-microscopy
#12
J F Siqueira, A R Pérez, M F Marceliano-Alves, J C Provenzano, S G Silva, F R Pires, G C S Vieira, I N Rôças, F R F Alves
AIM: To microscopically examine the cleanliness of root canal walls that remained unprepared as revealed by micro-CT. METHODOLOGY: The root canals of 10 freshly extracted mandibular premolars with necrotic pulps and apical periodontitis along with the mesiobuccal canals of 11 mandibular molars with vital pulps were prepared using Reciproc instruments R40 and R25, respectively, and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite irrigation. Specimens were scanned in micro-CT before and after preparation, and the unprepared areas were identified...
February 14, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185091/canal-cleanliness-using-different-irrigation-activation-systems-a-sem-evaluation
#13
K Urban, D Donnermeyer, Edgar Schäfer, S Bürklein
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of different final irrigation activation methods in removing debris and smear layer in the apical, middle, and coronal portion of straight root canals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Straight root canals of 58 freshly extracted mandibular premolars were used. Root canals were prepared to size 40.06. Irrigation was performed using 3% sodium hypochlorite. Samples were divided into four equal groups (n = 12) according to the irrigation activation techniques: (A) manual irrigation (MI), (B) EndoActivator (EA) (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), (C) sonic activation EDDY (EDDY; VDW, Munich, Germany), and (D) passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI)...
February 9, 2017: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182065/comparative-evaluation-of-canal-cleaning-ability-of-various-rotary-endodontic-filesin-apical-third-a-scanning-electron-microscopic-study
#14
Ganesh Ranganath Jadhav, Priya Mittal, Anish Kulkarni, Shibli Syed, Ravikiran Bagul, Saina Elahi, Dheeraj Kalra
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the canal cleaning ability of three novel endodontic rotary instruments and compare with ProTaper files as a control in apical third of root canals under scanning electron microscopy (SEM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty freshly extracted mandibular premolars were selected according to inclusion criteria. Buccal cusp tips were ground to ensure having a flat coronal reference point with a total tooth length of 16 mm for all samples...
November 2016: Dental Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179921/in-vitro-comparison-of-apical-debris-extrusion-using-rotary-and-reciprocating-systems-in-severely-curved-root-canals
#15
Abbas Delvarani, Nahid Mohammadzadeh Akhlaghi, Raana Aminirad, Sohrab Tour Savadkouhi, Seyed Aliakbar Vahdati
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the amount of apically extruded debris after root canal preparation using rotary and reciprocating systems in severely curved root canals. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Thirty six extracted human mandibular first molars with 25-35(°) curvature in their mesiobuccal (MB) canal (according to Schneider's method) were cleaned and shaped with ProTaper and WaveOne systems. The extruded debris was collected and their net weight was calculated...
2017: Iranian Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150896/does-apical-negative-pressure-prevent-the-apical-extrusion-of-debris-and-irrigant-compared-with-conventional-irrigation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Priscilla Coutinho Romualdo, Katharina Morant Holanda de Oliveira, Mariana Alencar Nemezio, Erika Calvano Küchler, Raquel Assed Bezerra Silva, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Lea Assed Bezerra Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate if apical negative pressure (ANP) irrigation prevents the apical extrusion of debris and irrigant compared with conventional needle irrigation through a systematic review and meta-analysis. A computer search of dental literature was performed using four different databases. A combination of the terms 'apical negative pressure', 'endovac', 'apical extrusion', 'extrusion' and 'endodontics' was used. Studies that used extracted human teeth with a mature apex and that evaluated the apical extrusion of debris and/or irrigating solution were included...
February 2, 2017: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093082/less-extrusion-debris-during-the-retreatment-of-curved-canals-using-twisted-files-with-higher-rotational-speeds-an-ex-vivo-study
#17
Mengdong Liu, Shijiang Xiong, Fei Tan, Yi Liu
BACKGROUND: Debris extrusion from the apical foramen can be problematic in severely curved canals. This study aimed to assess the use of Twisted Files (TF) at different rotational speeds during retreatment, compared with manual technique using Triple-Flex Files (TFF). METHODS: Forty-eight mesiobuccal root canals were randomized to four groups (n = 12 per group). In groups A, B, and C, gutta-percha was removed using TF at 500, 1000, and 1500 rpm, respectively, while it was removed using TFF in group D...
January 16, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28000644/comparative-analysis-of-cleaning-ability-of-three-nickel-titanium-rotary-systems-protaper-universal-k3-and-mtwo-an-in-vitro-scanning-electron-microscopic-study
#18
Ambar W Raut, Vijay Mantri, Aparna Palekar, Rupal Gadodia, Shubham Kala, Radha A Raut
BACKGROUND: Endodontic instruments including the nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments produce debris and smear layer during instrumentation. The study was carried out to evaluate and compare the cleaning effectiveness of root canal preparation using three different rotary NiTi instrumentation systems - ProTaper Universal, K3 and Mtwo by means of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). METHODS: Thirty-six freshly extracted permanent mandibular molars were randomly divided into four groups: ProTaper Universal, K3, Mtwo system and control group...
October 2016: Nigerian Postgraduate Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982235/evaluation-of-different-passive-ultrasonic-irrigation-protocols-on-the-removal-of-dentinal-debris-from-artificial-grooves
#19
Rodrigo Ricci Vivan, Jussaro Alves Duque, Murilo Priori Alcalde, Marcus Vinicius Reis Só, Clóvis Monteiro Bramante, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of different passive ultrasonic irrigation protocols on the removal of debris in artificially created grooves in the cervical, middle and apical root thirds. Forty extracted bovine incisor roots were instrumented to 1 mm of the root apex with a R50 Reciproc instrument and irrigated with 2.5% sodium hypochlorite. The roots were then inserted in a muffle and cleaved into two hemisections. Grooves (3-mm long) were done at 2, 7 and 12 mm from the root apex in one hemisection and filled with dentinal debris...
September 2016: Brazilian Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965505/apical-extrusion-of-intracanal-bacteria-following-use-of-two-engine-driven-instrumentation-techniques-an-in-vitro-study
#20
Niyaz Mohammed, M C Noushad, Biji Balan, N Dhanesh, Nishi Jayasheelan, Vanita D Revankar
AIM: The aim of the present study was to compare in vitro the amount of debris extruded apically from extracted teeth, using Twisted files and ProTaper rotary during two different instrumentation systems. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty-five human single-rooted mandibular premolar teeth were randomly divided into three groups and contaminated with Enterococcus faecalis. The teeth in experimental groups were instrumented until reaching the working length with ProTaper rotary instruments and Twisted files with XSmart and XSmart Dual groups...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
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