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Ran An, Qi Li, Yiqiao Fan, Jing Li, Xiaoming Pan, Makoto Komiyama, Xingguo Liang
Preparation of large amount of single-stranded circular DNA in high selectivity is crucial for further developments of nanotechnology and other DNA sciences. Herein, a simple but practically useful methodology to prepare DNA rings has been presented. One of the essential factors is to use highly diluted T4 ligase buffer for ligase reactions. This strategy is based on our unexpected finding that, in diluted T4 buffers, intermolecular polymerization of DNA fragments is greatly suppressed with respect to their intramolecular cyclization...
June 26, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
Puspa L Adhikari, Roberto L Wong, Edward B Overton
Accurate characterization of petroleum hydrocarbons in complex and weathered oil residues is analytically challenging. This is primarily due to chemical compositional complexity of both the oil residues and environmental matrices, and the lack of instrumental selectivity due to co-elution of interferences with the target analytes. To overcome these analytical selectivity issues, we used an enhanced resolution gas chromatography coupled with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry in Multiple Reaction Monitoring (MRM) mode (GC/MS/MS-MRM) to eliminate interferences within the ion chromatograms of target analytes found in environmental samples...
June 19, 2017: Chemosphere
Chen-Shiuan Fan, Sofia Ya Hsuan Liou, Chia-Hung Hou
A single-pass-mode capacitive deionization (CDI) reactor was used to remove arsenic from groundwater in the presence of multiple ions. The CDI reactor involved an applied voltage of 1.2 V and six cell pairs of activated carbon electrodes, each of which was 20 × 30 cm(2). The results indicate that this method achieved an effluent arsenic concentration of 0.03 mg L(-1), which is lower than the arsenic concentration standard for drinking water and irrigation sources in Taiwan, during the charging stage...
June 16, 2017: Chemosphere
Alaa Mohamed, W S Nasser, T A Osman, M S Toprak, M Muhammed, A Uheida
A novel material composite nanofibers (PAN-CNT/TiO2-NH2) based on adsorption of Cr(VI) ions, was applied. Polyacrylonitrile (PAN) and carbon nanotube (CNTs)/titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2) functionalized with amine groups (TiO2-NH2) composite nanofibers have been fabricated by electrospinning. The nanostructures and the formation process mechanism of the obtained PAN-CNT/TiO2-NH2 composite nanofibers are investigated using FTIR, XRD, XPS, SEM, and TEM. The composite nanofibers were used as a novel adsorbent for removing toxic chromium Cr(VI) in aqueous solution...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
Carl Söderberg, Emma Wernvik, Anna K Jönsson, Henrik Druid
INTRODUCTION: The main recipients of lithium, people diagnosed with bipolar disorder, show an increased mortality in both natural and unnatural causes of death. Based on international data persons diagnosed with bipolar disorder comprise 2.3-9.6% of all suicidal deaths. In cases of suicide among those suffering from bipolar disorder, 17-53% are due to fatal intoxications. Diagnosing fatal intoxications is often challenging, particularly when the reference information needed to interpret the concentration of a drug is lacking or scarce...
June 15, 2017: Forensic Science International
Brijesh Kumar, Gagandeep Kaur, S B Rai
Tb doped polyvinyl alcohol: polyvinyl pyrrolidone blends with dibenzoylmethane (DBM) and 1, 10 Phenanthroline (Phen) have been prepared by solution cast technique. Bond formation amongst the ligands and Tb(3+) ions in the doped polymer has been confirmed employing Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) techniques. Optical properties of the Tb(3+) ions have been investigated using UV-Vis absorption, excitation and fluorescence studies excited by different radiations. Addition of dimethylbenzoate and 1, 10 Phenanthroline to the polymer blend increases the luminescence from Tb(3+) ions along with energy transfer from the polymer blend itself...
June 20, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
Yi-Tze Chen, Ying Wang, Kuo-Chen Yeh
Plants acquire mineral nutrients mostly through the rhizosphere; they secrete a large number of metabolites into the rhizosphere to regulate nutrient availability and to detoxify undesirable metal pollutants in soils. The secreted metabolites are inorganic ions, gaseous molecules, and mainly carbon-based compounds. This review focuses on the mechanisms and regulation of low-molecular-weight organic-compound exudation in terms of metal acquisition. We summarize findings on riboflavin/phenolic-facilitated and phytosiderophore-facilitated iron acquisition and discuss recent studies of the functions and secretion mechanisms of low-molecular-weight organic acids in heavy-metal detoxification...
June 24, 2017: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Hamid Asiabi, Yadollah Yamini, Maryam Shamsayei
In this study, a new strategy for highly selective and extremely efficient removal of toxic oxyanions (Cr(VI), Se(VI), and As(V)) from aqueous solutions using zwitterionic glycine intercalated layered double hydroxide (Gly-LDH) was reported. Hence, to investigate the effect of zwitterionic glycine on the adsorption capacity, selectivity factor and adsorption mechanism of LDHs, two NiAl LDHs intercalated with different inter-layer anions, including NO3(-) and glycine, were synthesized. The obtained results show that the adsorption capacity and selectivity factor of oxyanions through ion exchange mechanism in NO3-LDH is lower than Gly-LDH...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Tímea Orosz, Nóra Grecsó, Gyula Lajkó, Zsolt Szakonyi, Ferenc Fülöp, Daniel W Armstrong, István Ilisz, Antal Péter
Polar-ionic and reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatographic separations of limonene-based cyclic β-amino acid enantiomers were carried out by using macrocyclic glycopeptide-based chiral selectors applying Chirobiotic T, TAG and R columns. The effects of additives, concentration of the co- and counter-ions and the temperature in polar-ionic mobile phase systems were studied. The influence of pH, MeOH content and alcohol additives were investigated in the reversed-phase mode. The difference in the change in standard enthalpy Δ(ΔH°), entropy Δ(ΔS°), and free energy Δ(ΔG°) was calculated from the linear van't Hoff plots derived from the ln α vs 1/T curves in the temperature range 5-40°C...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Mohammed Alasel, Michael Keusgen
A new sensitive and selective platform, three-dimensional immunosensor, has been developed for a rapid serological diagnosis; detection of a Borrelia infection was considered as a model assay. The immunosensor is based on a 3-dimensional (3D) porous solid surface (sinter body) with dimensions of 2×2.5mm where a recombinant variable lipoprotein surface-exposed protein (VlsE; Borrelia-antigen) is immobilized by different techniques. The sinter body served as a robust and inexpensive carrier, which facilitated a successful hydrophobic adsorption as well as covalent immobilization of the antigen with sufficient amounts of on the surface...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
Benjamin Ulfenborg, Alexander Karlsson, Maria Riveiro, Caroline Améen, Karolina Åkesson, Christian X Andersson, Peter Sartipy, Jane Synnergren
The development of high-throughput biomolecular technologies has resulted in generation of vast omics data at an unprecedented rate. This is transforming biomedical research into a big data discipline, where the main challenges relate to the analysis and interpretation of data into new biological knowledge. The aim of this study was to develop a framework for biomedical big data analytics, and apply it for analyzing transcriptomics time series data from early differentiation of human pluripotent stem cells towards the mesoderm and cardiac lineages...
2017: PloS One
Zhi-Juan Li, Jiang-Yang Shao, Yu-Wu Zhong
Two cyclometalated ruthenium complexes 2 and 4 containing a redox-active amine substituent and three carboxylic acid groups were synthesized, where the ruthenium ion and the amine site were separated by a phenyl or biphenyl bridge for 2 and 4, respectively. Nanocrystalline TiO2 films on fluorine doped SnO2 (FTO)/glass substrates anchored with 2 or 4 were prepared. These films display two consecutive anodic waves in the potential region between +0.1 and +1.0 V vs Ag/AgCl. Among four organic solvents examined, the FTO/TiO2/2 film displays the best cyclic electrochemical stability in ClCH2CH2Cl...
June 27, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Lorenzo Mancini, Florian Moyon, David Hernàndez-Maldonado, Ivan Blum, Jonathan Houard, Williams Lefebvre, François Vurpillot, Aparna Das, Eva Monroy, Lorenzo Rigutti
The localization of carrier states in GaN/AlN self-assembled quantum dots (QDs) is studied by correlative multimicroscopy relying on microphotoluminescence, electron tomography, and atom probe tomography (APT). Optically active field emission tip specimens were prepared by focused ion beam from an epitaxial film containing a stack of quantum dot layers and analyzed with different techniques applied subsequently on the same tip. The transition energies of single QDs were calculated in the framework of a 6-bands k...
June 27, 2017: Nano Letters
Debiprasad Mondal, Sourav Biswas, Animesh Paul, Sujoy Baitalik
A conjugated bis-terpyridine bridging ligand, 2-(4-(2,6-di(pyridin-2-yl)pyridin-4-yl)phenyl)-6-(2-(4-(2,6-di(pyridin-2-yl)pyridin-4-yl)phenyl)-1H-benzo[d]imidazol-6-yl)-1H-benzo[d] imidazole (tpy-BPhBzimH2-tpy), was designed in this work by covalent coupling of 3,3'-diaminobenzidine and two 4'-(p-formylphenyl)-2,2':6',2″-terpyridine units to synthesize a new series of bimetallic Ru(II)-terpyridine light-harvesting complexes. Photophysical and electrochemical properties were modulated by the variation of the terminal ligands in the complexes...
June 27, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
Zhi-Chao Xiong, Zi-Yue Yang, Ying-Jie Zhu, Fei-Fei Chen, Yong-Gang Zhang, Ri-Long Yang
Hydroxyapatite is a kind of biocompatible, environmentally friendly, and versatile inorganic biomaterial. Herein, the preparation of ultralong hydroxyapatite nanowires (HAPNWs)-based antibacterial paper co-loaded with silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) and antibiotic is reported. HAPNWs are used to prepare AgNPs in situ using an aqueous solution containing AgNO3 under the sunlight without added reducing agent at room temperature. Subsequently, ciprofloxacin (CIP) as an antibiotic is loaded on the HAPNWs@AgNPs. The resultant HAPNWs@AgNPs-CIP paper possesses several unique properties, including high flexibility, high Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) specific surface area (47...
June 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Sasitha C Abeyweera, Kowsalya D Rasamani, Yugang Sun
Nanocrystalline silver halides (AgX) such as AgCl, AgBr, and AgI, a class of semiconductor materials with characteristics of both direct and indirect band gaps, represent the most crucial components in traditional photographic processing. The nanocrystal surfaces provide sensitivity specks that can turn into metallic silver, forming an invisible latent image, upon exposure to light. The photographic processing implies that the AgX nanoparticles possess unique properties. First, pristine AgX nanoparticles absorb light only at low efficiency to convert surface AgX into tiny clusters of silver atoms...
June 27, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
Hanna M Maltanava, Sergey K Poznyak, Daria V Andreeva, Marcela C Quevedo, Alexandre C Bastos, João Tedim, Mario G S Ferreira, Ekaterina V Skorb
Energy transfer reactions are the key for living open systems, biological chemical networking and development of life inspired nanoscale machineries. It is a challenge to find simple reliable synthetic chemical networks providing a localization of the time dependent flux of matter. In this paper we look to photocatalytic reaction on TiO2 from different angle focusing on proton generation and introduce a reliable, minimal reagent consuming, stable inorganic light promoted proton pump. Localized illumination was applied to a TiO2 surface in solution for reversible spatially controlled "inorganic photoproton" isometric cycling, the lateral separation of water splitting reactions...
June 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Fabian Schütt, Vasile Postica, Rainer Adelung, Oleg Lupan
Highly porous hybrid materials with unique high-performance properties have attracted great interest from the scientific community, especially in the field of gas-sensing applications. In this work, tetrapodal-ZnO (ZnO-T) networks were functionalized with carbon nanotubes (CNTs) to form a highly efficient hybrid sensing material (ZnO-T-CNT) for ultrasensitive, selective, and rapid detection of ammonia (NH3) vapor at room temperature. By functionalizing the ZnO-T networks with 2.0 wt % of CNTs by a simple dripping procedure, an increase of 1 order of magnitude in response (from about 37 to 330) was obtained...
June 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jiqiang Wan, JinMing Zhang, Jian Yu, Jun Zhang
Cellulose aerogel membranes (CAMs) are proposed as a matrix for gel polymer electrolyte to fabricate lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) with superior thermal stability. The CAMs are obtained from a cellulose/ionic liquid solution via a dissolution-regeneration-supercritical drying route. The presence of high porosity, the nanoporous network structure and numerous polar hydroxyl groups benefits the quick absorption of liquid electrolytes for gelation of the CAMs and improves the ionic conductivity of the gelled CAMs...
June 27, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Xueyun Zheng, Liulin Deng, Erin S Baker, Yehia M Ibrahim, Vladislav A Petyuk, Richard D Smith
While α-linked amino acids in the l-form are exclusively utilized in mammalian protein building, β-linked and d-form amino acids also have important biological roles. Unfortunately, the structural elucidation and separation of these different amino acid types in peptides has been analytically challenging to date due to the numerous isomers present, limiting our knowledge about their existence and biological roles. Here, we utilized an ultrahigh resolution ion mobility spectrometry platform coupled with mass spectrometry (IMS-MS) to separate amyloid β (Aβ) peptides containing l-aspartic acid, d-aspartic acid, l-isoaspartic acid, and d-isoaspartic acid residues which span α- and β-linked amino acids in both d- and l-forms...
June 27, 2017: Chemical Communications: Chem Comm
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