keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Confederate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218840/behaviour-vs-perception-an-investigation-into-the-components-of-emotional-invalidation
#1
Meredith Elzy, Marc Karver
BACKGROUND: The negative effects of emotionally invalidating environments are theorized by the biosocial theory of borderline personality disorder to be vast and severe. However, findings from studies on the impact of emotional invalidation (EI) vary, perhaps due to different operational definitions of EI. The current investigation seeks to explore the relationship between the objective behavioural observations of EI and recipient's subjective perceptions of experiencing these behaviours...
December 8, 2017: Personality and Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197787/the-midwifery-services-framework-what-is-it-and-why-is-it-needed
#2
Andrea Nove, Petra Ten Hoope-Bender, Nester T Moyo, Martha Bokosi
Most low- and middle-income countries failed to meet the Millennium Development Goal targets for maternal, newborn and child health, and even more ambitious targets have been set under the Sustainable Development Goals and the Ending Preventable Maternal Mortality initiative. This means that many countries will need to accelerate progress on sexual, reproductive, maternal and newborn health over the next few years. Recent years have seen the publication of a large and convincing body of evidence about the potential of midwifery to make a significant contribution to this acceleration, but little practical guidance has emerged to help countries invest in midwifery services so that their health systems can meet the increasing need for sexual, reproductive, maternal and newborn health care...
November 15, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197169/human-like-me-evidence-that-i-sharing-humanizes-the-otherwise-dehumanized
#3
Elizabeth C Pinel, Geneva C Yawger, Anson E Long, Nolan Rampy, Robert Brenna, Sasha K Finnell
People persistently undermine the humanness of outgroup members, leaving researchers perplexed as to how to address this problem of 'dehumanization' (Haslam & Loughnan, , Ann Rev of Psychol, 65, 399; Leyens, , Group Process Intergroup Relat, 12, 807). Here, we test whether I-sharing (i.e., sharing a subjective experience) counters this tendency by promoting the humanization of outgroup members. In Study 1, White participants had a face-to-face meeting with a White or Black confederate and either did or did not I-share with this confederate...
December 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175382/the-influence-of-social-threat-on-pain-aggression-and-empathy-in-women
#4
Kai Karos, Ann Meulders, Liesbet Goubert, Johan W S Vlaeyen
Only one published study has investigated the effect of a threatening social context on the perception and expression of pain, demonstrating that social threat leads to increased pain reports but reduced non-verbal pain expression. The current study aimed to replicate and extend these findings to further explore the effects of a threatening social context. Healthy, female participants (N = 71) received 10 electrocutaneous stimuli delivered by a confederate. They were led to believe that the confederate was requested to administer 10 painful stimuli (control group) or that the confederate deliberately chose to deliver 10 painful stimuli when given the choice to deliver between 1 to 10 painful stimuli (social threat group)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172621/effects-of-oxytocin-administration-on-receiving-help
#5
Lauren J Human, Joshua D Woolley, Wendy Berry Mendes
Receiving help can be a "mixed blessing." Despite the many psychosocial benefits it can carry, it sometimes has negative psychological consequences, such as loss in self-esteem or enhanced guilt. It is, therefore, important to understand the factors that modify responses to receiving help from others. We explored the role of the hormone oxytocin (OT) on affective and social responses to receiving help, given the putative role of OT in social bonding and attunement. To this end, we manipulated whether help was received from a same-sex interaction partner (confederate) versus a control condition, crossed with a double-blind administration of intranasal OT (vs...
November 27, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152864/the-effect-of-active-and-passive-peer-discouragement-on-adolescent-risk-taking-an-experimental-study
#6
Anouk de Boer, Zeena Harakeh
This experiment investigated the effect of peer discouragement on adolescent risk taking. Overall, 269 Dutch adolescents aged 11-15 years completed a risk taking computer task in the presence of an e-confederate who demonstrated very little risk taking (passive peer discouragement) and/or sent risk-discouraging messages to participants (active peer discouragement). The results showed that, compared to a situation with no peer discouragement, adolescents took significantly less risk only when they encountered a combination of active and passive peer discouragement; hence, when peers practiced what they preached...
December 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141512/the-impact-of-own-and-others-alcohol-consumption-on-social-contagion-following-a-collaborative-memory-task
#7
Craig Thorley, Paul Christiansen
When one person alters his or her recollection of an event to be consistent with another person's erroneous account of the same event, social contagion has occurred. In two studies, we examined whether alcohol consumption influences the degree to which people engage in social contagion. In Study 1, participants consumed alcohol, an alcohol placebo, or a soft drink and then completed a collaborative recall test with a confederate who consumed a soft drink. In Study 2, participants consumed a soft drink and then completed a collaborative recall test with a confederate they believed had consumed a soft drink or alcohol (but no alcohol was ever consumed)...
November 15, 2017: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138093/electrophysiological-correlates-of-performance-monitoring-under-social-observation-in-patients-with-social-anxiety-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#8
Rolf Voegler, Jutta Peterburs, Hannah Lemke, Sebastian Ocklenburg, Roman Liepelt, Thomas Straube
Previous research suggests that electrophysiological correlates of performance monitoring, in particular the error-related negativity (ERN), vary according to psychopathology and context factors. The present study examined the effect of social context on behavioral and electrophysiological correlates of performance monitoring in healthy adult subjects and in patients with social anxiety disorder (SAD). Participants performed two runs of a Go/NoGo flanker task in different social conditions: in the observation condition, they were observed by a confederate while performing the task, whereas there was no observation in the control condition...
November 11, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123495/likability-s-effect-on-interpersonal-motor-coordination-exploring-natural-gaze-direction
#9
Zhong Zhao, Robin N Salesse, Ludovic Marin, Mathieu Gueugnon, Benoît G Bardy
Although existing studies indicate a positive effect of interpersonal motor coordination (IMC) on likability, no consensus has been reached as for the effect of likability back onto IMC. The present study specifically investigated the causal effect of likability on IMC and explored, by tracking the natural gaze direction, the possible underlying mechanisms. Twenty-two participants were engaged in an interpersonal finger-tapping task with a confederate in three likability conditions (baseline, likable, and unlikable), while wearing an eye tracker...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104914/hyper-realistic-face-masks-a-new-challenge-in-person-identification
#10
Jet Gabrielle Sanders, Yoshiyuki Ueda, Kazusa Minemoto, Eilidh Noyes, Sakiko Yoshikawa, Rob Jenkins
We often identify people using face images. This is true in occupational settings such as passport control as well as in everyday social environments. Mapping between images and identities assumes that facial appearance is stable within certain bounds. For example, a person's apparent age, gender and ethnicity change slowly, if at all. It also assumes that deliberate changes beyond these bounds (i.e., disguises) would be easy to spot. Hyper-realistic face masks overturn these assumptions by allowing the wearer to look like an entirely different person...
2017: Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072476/oxytocin-modulates-charismatic-influence-in-groups
#11
Ilanit Gordon, Yair Berson
Charismatic leaders have had tremendous effects on the fortunes and fates of individuals and societies across the world. Via verbal and nonverbal signaling, such leaders form profound emotional bonds with followers. Despite evidence for its powerful effects, we know very little about what facilitates the charismatic relationship. Here, we argue that the neuropeptide oxytocin (OT), known to be implicated in parent-child attachment, also enhances the effects of charismatic leaders in groups. In a double-blind placebo-controlled study, we administered intranasal OT to participants, led by a confederate trained to exhibit charisma, and monitored participants' responses to the confederate's signaling while leading a group task...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072471/the-effects-of-paternal-disengagement-on-women-s-perceptions-of-male-mating-intent
#12
Danielle J DelPriore, Randi Proffitt Leyva, Bruce J Ellis, Sarah E Hill
Previous research demonstrates reliable associations between low paternal investment and daughters' precocious and risky sexual behavior. However, little is known about the psychological changes that occur in response to paternal disengagement that encourage these patterns. Here, we aim to redress this empirical gap by testing the effects of paternal disengagement on women's perceptions of male mating intent. In 4 experiments, women who described their fathers' absence (vs. a comparison state) perceived greater: mating intent in the described actions of a hypothetical dating partner (Study 1), sexual arousal in male target faces (Studies 2 and 3), and mating interest from a male confederate (Study 4)...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031545/social-modeling-of-eating-mediated-by-mirror-neuron-activity-a-causal-model-moderated-by-frontal-asymmetry-and-bmi
#13
Laura McGeown, Ron Davis
The social modeling of eating effect refers to the consistently demonstrated phenomenon that individuals tend to match their quantity of food intake to their eating companion. The current study sought to explore whether activity within the mirror neuron system (MNS) mediates the social modeling of eating effect as a function of EEG frontal asymmetry and body mass index (BMI). Under the guise of rating empathy, 93 female undergraduates viewed a female video confederate "incidentally" consume either a low or high intake of chips while electroencephalogram (EEG) activity was recorded...
October 12, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016612/the-influence-of-anonymous-peers-on-prosocial-behavior
#14
Soowon Park, Jongho Shin
BACKGROUND: Peer influence on students' maladaptive behaviors has been well documented; however, the influence on positive development is less acknowledged. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine anonymous peer influence on college students' prosocial behavior, specifically behavior for the improvement of society (i.e., donating money or participating in social campaigns) via an experimental approach. The effects of indirect peer influence (IP) and direct peer influence (DP) on college students' prosocial behavior were examined...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016239/early-distinction-between-shame-and-guilt-processing-in-an-interpersonal-context
#15
Ruida Zhu, Haiyan Wu, Zhenhua Xu, Honghong Tang, Xueyi Shen, Xiaoqin Mai, Chao Liu
Shame and guilt have been compared in many behavioral and functional magnetic resonance imaging studies. However, the time course of shame and guilt processing remains unknown. We conducted an event-related potential (ERP) study to investigate the temporal dynamics of shame and guilt in an interpersonal context. Behaviorally, participants reported "shame" when their wrong advice was correctly rejected by a confederate, whereas reported "guilt" when their wrong advice resulted in economic loss of a confederate...
October 10, 2017: Social Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992386/interaction-between-the-%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-gene-and-the-number-of-heavy-drinking-peers-on-alcohol-use
#16
Michelle J Zaso, Stephen A Maisto, Stephen J Glatt, John M Belote, Aesoon Park
BACKGROUND: The presence of heavy-drinking peers may trigger genetic vulnerabilities to alcohol use. Limited correlational findings, albeit mixed as a function of age, suggest that carriers of a μ-opioid receptor (OPRM1) G allele may be more vulnerable than noncarriers to alcohol-promoting perceived peer environments. However, research has not yet examined such genetic susceptibility to actual (rather than perceived) peer environments through an experimental, ad libitum alcohol administration design...
October 9, 2017: Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911877/validity-and-reliability-of-naturalistic-driving-scene-categorization-judgments-from-crowdsourcing
#17
Christopher D D Cabrall, Zhenji Lu, Miltos Kyriakidis, Laura Manca, Chris Dijksterhuis, Riender Happee, Joost de Winter
A common challenge with processing naturalistic driving data is that humans may need to categorize great volumes of recorded visual information. By means of the online platform CrowdFlower, we investigated the potential of crowdsourcing to categorize driving scene features (i.e., presence of other road users, straight road segments, etc.) at greater scale than a single person or a small team of researchers would be capable of. In total, 200 workers from 46 different countries participated in 1.5days. Validity and reliability were examined, both with and without embedding researcher generated control questions via the CrowdFlower mechanism known as Gold Test Questions (GTQs)...
September 12, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906231/health-and-healthcare-in-canada-150-years-after-confederation-and-beyond
#18
Jennifer Zelmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Healthcare Policy, Politiques de Santé
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878484/direct-access-to-physical-therapy-for-the-patient-with-musculoskeletal-disorders-a-literature-review
#19
REVIEW
Leonardo Piano, Filippo Maselli, Antonello Viceconti, Silvia Gianola, Aldo Ciuro
[Purpose] To present legislation comparing direct and referred access-or other measures-to physical therapy. The focus is on the management of the most burdensome musculoskeletal disorders in terms of regulations, costs, effectiveness, safety and cost-effectiveness. [Methods] Main biomedical databases and gray literature were searched ranging from a global scenario to the analysis of targeted geographical areas and specifically Italy and the Region Piedmont. [Results] legislation on Direct Access highlights inconsistencies among the countries belonging to World Confederation for Physical Therapy...
August 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877213/ostracism-via-virtual-chat-room-effects-on-basic-needs-anger-and-pain
#20
Ana Paula Gonçalves Donate, Lucas Murrins Marques, Olivia Morgan Lapenta, Manish Kumar Asthana, David Amodio, Paulo Sérgio Boggio
Ostracism is characterized by a social pain provoked by being excluded and ignored. In order to address the effects of social ostracism in virtual non-physical interactions, we developed a more realistic paradigm as an alternative to Cyberball and assessed its effects on participant's expression of basic social needs, emotional experience and painful feeling. The chat room consisted of controlled social dialogue interactions between participants and two other (confederate) chat room partners. Exclusion was manipulated by varying the number of messages a participant received (15% and 33% in exclusion and inclusion, respectively)...
2017: PloS One
keyword
keyword
51356
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"