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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174476/evaluation-of-research-trends-in-physical-therapy-through-analysis-of-articles-published-at-the-world-confederation-for-physical-therapy-congress
#1
REVIEW
Wan-Hee Lee, Ju-Ri Jeong, Joohee Hahn
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to examine research trends in physical therapy through analysis of articles published at the 2015 World Confederation for Physical Therapy Congress. [Subjects and Methods] A total of 1,339 were analyzed (presentations: 346, posters: 993). The number of papers per subject area, number of oral presentations and posters, and the number of moderator nations and regional publications were analyzed by subject area. The mean and standard deviation was used for statistical analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166188/focused-and-corrective-feedback-versus-structured-and-supported-debriefing-in-a-simulation-based-cardiac-arrest-team-training-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#2
Ji-Hoon Kim, Young-Min Kim, Seong Heui Park, Eun A Ju, Se Min Choi, Tai Yong Hong
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to compare the educational impact of two postsimulation debriefing methods-focused and corrective feedback (FCF) versus Structured and Supported Debriefing (SSD)-on team dynamics in simulation-based cardiac arrest team training. METHODS: This was a pilot randomized controlled study conducted at a simulation center. Fourth-year medical students were randomly assigned to the FCF or SSD group, with each team composed of six students and a confederate...
February 4, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150970/neural-outcome-processing-of-peer-influenced-risk-taking-behavior-in-late-adolescence-preliminary-evidence-for-gene-%C3%A3-environment-interactions
#3
Troy A Webber, Heather E Soder, Geoffrey F Potts, Jong Y Park, Marina A Bornovalova
Adolescent brains are particularly susceptible to the rewarding properties of risky decisions in social contexts. Individual differences in genetic influences on dopamine transmission moderate neural outcome processing of risky decisions and may exert pronounced effects on adolescent risk-taking behavior (RTB) and corresponding neural outcome processing in peer contexts, a process called gene-environment interaction (G × E). Eighty-five undergraduate students completed a behavioral risk task alone and in the presence of a confederate peer providing "risky" feedback...
February 2017: Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110236/the-predictability-of-a-partner-s-actions-modulates-the-sense-of-joint-agency
#4
Nicole K Bolt, Janeen D Loehr
When people coordinate their actions with others, they experience a sense of joint agency, i.e., shared control over actions and their consequences. The current study examined whether the predictability of others' actions modulates joint agency. Each participant coordinated with two confederate partners to produce tone sequences that matched a metronome pace. The timing of the confederates' actions was manipulated so that one partner's actions were highly predictable in time and the other's less predictable...
January 19, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094072/survey-on-graduate-education-in-the-confederaci%C3%A3-n-americana-de-urolog%C3%A3-a-opinions-and-reality
#5
J C Angulo, H Dávila, R Vela
OBJECTIVE: Quality graduate medical training is a concern of Confederación Americana de Urología (CAU), the third largest urological society worldwide. It is important to analyse the diversity in the state training programmes and the feasibility and implications of conducting a common CAU programme. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 20-item questionnaire was distributed to the directors of national societies who are members of the CAU concerning the graduate urological training in their institutions...
January 13, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089713/cortisol-increases-in-response-to-brief-social-exchanges-with-opposite-sex-partners
#6
Lisa M Jaremka, Nancy L Collins
Researchers recently demonstrated that cortisol increases in response to mating-relevant social interactions. An important next step is investigating factors that explain individual differences in cortisol reactivity within these contexts. The current study examined demographic, situational, and individual difference predictors of cortisol reactivity following brief, non-face-to-face interactions with potential dating partners. College students made a video introducing themselves to another participant. During another appointment, they watched a short video of an opposite-sex confederate introducing himself/herself, and believed the other person was watching their video...
January 12, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076588/-essential-competencies-in-training-in-obstetrics
#7
Sebastião Junior Henrique Duarte, Richardson Miranda Machado
Objective: Analyze international reports related to training in obstetrics and present guidelines to help leading educational institutions to develop curriculum guidelines for the teaching of obstetrics and advanced nursing practice in this specialty. Methods: A narrative review was conducted of documents from the World Health Organization and the International Confederation of Midwives. The search used the descriptors midwifery and education. All official reports that guide midwife education policies, published from 2009 to 2015 in English and Spanish, and available online, were included...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069960/exposure-to-inequality-affects-support-for-redistribution
#8
Melissa L Sands
The distribution of wealth in the United States and countries around the world is highly skewed. How does visible economic inequality affect well-off individuals' support for redistribution? Using a placebo-controlled field experiment, I randomize the presence of poverty-stricken people in public spaces frequented by the affluent. Passersby were asked to sign a petition calling for greater redistribution through a "millionaire's tax." Results from 2,591 solicitations show that in a real-world-setting exposure to inequality decreases affluent individuals' willingness to redistribute...
January 24, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050595/cervical-cancer-prevention-training-in-south-east-asian-lmics
#9
Joseph Soon-Yau Ng, Ida Ismail-Pratt
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is a confederation of 10 sovereign states occupying approximately 1.7 million square miles of Southeast Asia with an estimated population of just under 630 million. Southeast Asia continues to have one of the world's highest rates of cervical cancer-related death. Organised training in cervical cancer screening is essential but lacking in low to middle income countries (LMICs). Systematic training of local doctors is an essential part of an effective screening program and an effective strategy to reduce cervical cancer-related mortality...
February 2017: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008653/altruistic-lying-in-an-alibi-corroboration-context-the-effects-of-liking-compliance-and-relationship-between-suspects-and-witnesses
#10
Stéphanie B Marion, Tara M Burke
Police investigators, judges, and jurors are often very skeptical of alibi witness testimony. To investigate when and why individuals lie for one another, we conducted two studies in which witnesses' support of a false alibi was observed. We varied the level of social pressure exerted on witnesses and the level of affinity between suspect-witness pairs. During a study session purportedly intended to investigate dyadic problem-solving ability, a mock theft was staged. When questioned, participants were provided the opportunity to either corroborate or refute a confederate's false alibi that the latter was with them when the theft occurred...
December 23, 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990127/the-timing-of-utterance-planning-in-task-oriented-dialogue-evidence-from-a-novel-list-completion-paradigm
#11
Mathias Barthel, Sebastian Sauppe, Stephen C Levinson, Antje S Meyer
In conversation, interlocutors rarely leave long gaps between turns, suggesting that next speakers begin to plan their turns while listening to the previous speaker. The present experiment used analyses of speech onset latencies and eye-movements in a task-oriented dialogue paradigm to investigate when speakers start planning their responses. German speakers heard a confederate describe sets of objects in utterances that either ended in a noun [e.g., Ich habe eine Tür und ein Fahrrad ("I have a door and a bicycle")] or a verb form [e...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27966427/patterns-of-diagnostic-marker-assessment-in-adult-diffuse-glioma-a-survey-of-the-european-confederation-of-neuropathological-societies-euro-cns
#12
Adelheid Woehrer, Bjarne W Kristensen, Anne Vital, Johannes A Hainfellner
The 2016 update of the WHO classification has introduced an integrated diagnostic approach that incorporates both tumor morphology and molecular information. This conceptual change has far-reaching implications, especially for neuropathologists who are in the forefront of translating molecular markers to routine diagnostic use. Adult diffuse glioma is a prototypic example for a group of tumors that underwent substantial regrouping, and it represents a major workload for surgical neuropathologists. Hence, we conducted a survey among members of the European Confederation of Neuropathological Societies (Euro-CNS) in order to assess 1) the extent to which molecular markers have already been incorporated in glioma diagnoses, 2) which molecular techniques are in daily use, and 3) to set a baseline for future surveys in this field...
January 2017: Clinical Neuropathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912855/increasing-pension-age-inevitable-or-unfeasible-analysing-the-ideas-underlying-experts-arguments-in-the-uk-and-germany
#13
Steffen Hagemann, Simone Scherger
Based on interviews with German and British experts from major political parties, government departments, employer confederations, trade unions and special interest organisations, we investigate the chains of arguments that these experts advance in favour of or against increases in state pension age. In this way, we add to the explanation why very similar reforms could be enforced in the very different pension systems of Germany and the UK. The chains of arguments deployed are surprisingly similar between the two countries: Whereas the proponents of reform stress its necessity in the context of pension spending and see older people as being able to work longer, opponents and sceptics of the increase doubt most older people's ability to work longer and thus the feasibility of the reform...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910139/characterization-of-patients-with-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis-according-to-the-new-escmid-ers-ecmm-and-idsa-guidelines
#14
Helmut J F Salzer, Jan Heyckendorf, Barbara Kalsdorf, Thierry Rolling, Christoph Lange
Recently, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) in cooperation with the European Respiratory Society (ERS) and the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) published guidelines for the diagnosis of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). Both guidelines, however, carry significant differences. We retrospectively applied the diagnostic recommendations on a patient cohort of 71 previously diagnosed CPA patients in order to compare both guidelines...
December 1, 2016: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890473/the-persistence-of-and-resistance-to-social-norms-regarding-the-appropriate-amount-to-eat-a-preliminary-investigation
#15
Justin R Feeney, Patricia Pliner, Janet Polivy, C Peter Herman
We conducted a preliminary investigation on the resistance to, and persistence of, social influence regarding the appropriate amount to eat, defined in terms of eating an amount similar to that eaten by a confederate. Participants ate pizza both alone and in the presence of remote confederates presenting either a high or low eating norm. In the portion of the experiment examining resistance to social influence, participants given an initial opportunity to form a personal eating norm by eating alone for one session in the absence of social influence were no more resistant to low eating norms than were those who had no such opportunity; however, those who ate alone for two or three prior sessions did show resistance...
February 1, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871207/gesturing-more-diminishes-recall-of-abstract-words-when-gesture-is-allowed-and-concrete-words-when-it-is-taboo
#16
Krista M Matthews-Saugstad, Erik P Raymakers, Damian G Kelty-Stephen
Gesture during speech can promote or diminish recall for conversation content. We explored effects of cognitive load on this relationship, manipulating it at two scales: individual-word abstractness and social constraints to prohibit gestures. Prohibited gestures can diminish recall but more so for abstract-word recall. Insofar as movement planning adds to cognitive load, movement amplitude may moderate gesture effects on memory, with greater permitted- and prohibited-gesture movements reducing abstract-word recall and concrete-word recall, respectively...
December 7, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834551/an-exercise-in-resistance-inoculation-messaging-as-a-strategy-for-protecting-motivation-during-a-monotonous-and-controlling-exercise-class
#17
James A Dimmock, Marylène Gagné, Lauren Proud, Timothy C Howle, Amanda L Rebar, Ben Jackson
Sustained attention has been devoted to studying the factors that support (or thwart) individuals' enjoyment of, interest in, and value judgments regarding, their exercise activities. We employed a resistance-inducing (i.e., inoculation theory) messaging technique with the aim of protecting these desirable perceptions in the face of environmental conditions designed to undermine one's positive exercise experiences. Autonomously-motivated exercisers (N = 146, Mage = 20.57, SD = 4.02) performed a 25-minute, group-based, instructor-led exercise circuit, in which the activities were deliberately monotonous, and during which the confederate instructor acted in a disinterested, unsupportive, and critical manner...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818610/peer-passenger-norms-and-pressure-experimental-effects-on-simulated-driving-among-teenage-males
#18
C Raymond Bingham, Bruce G Simons-Morton, Anuj K Pradhan, Kaigang Li, Farideh Almani, Emily B Falk, Jean T Shope, Lisa Buckley, Marie Claude Ouimet, Paul S Albert
OBJECTIVE: Serious crashes are more likely when teenage drivers have teenage passengers. One likely source of this increased risk is social influences on driving performance. This driving simulator study experimentally tested the effects of peer influence (i.e., risk-accepting compared to risk-averse peer norms reinforced by pressure) on the driving risk behavior (i.e., risky driving behavior and inattention to hazards) of male teenagers. It was hypothesized that peer presence would result in greater driving risk behavior (i...
August 2016: Transportation Research. Part F, Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812071/physical-therapy-as-a-profession-and-its-educational-development-in-pakistan
#19
Aamir Raoof Memon, Nasir Mansoor Sahibzada, Muhammad Ehab Azim, Furqan Ahmed Siddiqui
Physical therapists work in different medical and related settings and serve to maintain and restore functional capability. Pakistan has a disability rate of 2.65% with a total of around 5.035 million disabled people. Physical therapy as a profession started in 1956 at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre with a 2-year diploma, later on 4 years bachelors programme was also started. In 2008, doctor of physical therapy programme was initiated. The representative body "Pakistan Physical Therapy Association" was also established in 2008 which then joined the World Confederation for Physical Therapy in 2011...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803981/genetic-structure-of-the-early-hungarian-conquerors-inferred-from-mtdna-haplotypes-and-y-chromosome-haplogroups-in-a-small-cemetery
#20
Endre Neparáczki, Zoltán Juhász, Horolma Pamjav, Tibor Fehér, Bernadett Csányi, Albert Zink, Frank Maixner, György Pálfi, Erika Molnár, Ildikó Pap, Ágnes Kustár, László Révész, István Raskó, Tibor Török
We applied ancient DNA methods to shed light on the origin of ancient Hungarians and their relation to modern populations. Hungarians moved into the Carpathian Basin from the Eurasian Pontic steppes in the year 895 AD as a confederation of seven tribes, but their further origin remains obscure. Here, we present 17 mtDNA haplotypes and four Y-chromosome haplogroups, which portray the genetic composition of an entire small cemetery of the first generation Hungarians. Using novel algorithms to compare these mitochondrial DNA haplogroups with other ancient and modern Eurasian data, we revealed that a significant portion of the Hungarians probably originated from a long ago consolidated gene pool in Central Asia-South Siberia, which still persists in modern Hungarians...
February 2017: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
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