keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Confederate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912855/increasing-pension-age-inevitable-or-unfeasible-analysing-the-ideas-underlying-experts-arguments-in-the-uk-and-germany
#1
Steffen Hagemann, Simone Scherger
Based on interviews with German and British experts from major political parties, government departments, employer confederations, trade unions and special interest organisations, we investigate the chains of arguments that these experts advance in favour of or against increases in state pension age. In this way, we add to the explanation why very similar reforms could be enforced in the very different pension systems of Germany and the UK. The chains of arguments deployed are surprisingly similar between the two countries: Whereas the proponents of reform stress its necessity in the context of pension spending and see older people as being able to work longer, opponents and sceptics of the increase doubt most older people's ability to work longer and thus the feasibility of the reform...
December 2016: Journal of Aging Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910139/characterization-of-patients-with-chronic-pulmonary-aspergillosis-according-to-the-new-escmid-ers-ecmm-and-idsa-guidelines
#2
Helmut J F Salzer, Jan Heyckendorf, Barbara Kalsdorf, Thierry Rolling, Christoph Lange
Recently, the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA) and the European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ESCMID) in cooperation with the European Respiratory Society (ERS) and the European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM) published guidelines for the diagnosis of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis (CPA). Both guidelines, however, carry significant differences. We retrospectively applied the diagnostic recommendations on a patient cohort of 71 previously diagnosed CPA patients in order to compare both guidelines...
December 1, 2016: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890473/the-persistence-of-and-resistance-to-social-norms-regarding-the-appropriate-amount-to-eat-a-preliminary-investigation
#3
Justin R Feeney, Patricia Pliner, Janet Polivy, C Peter Herman
We conducted a preliminary investigation on the resistance to, and persistence of, social influence regarding the appropriate amount to eat, defined in terms of eating an amount similar to that eaten by a confederate. Participants ate pizza both alone and in the presence of remote confederates presenting either a high or low eating norm. In the portion of the experiment examining resistance to social influence, participants given an initial opportunity to form a personal eating norm by eating alone for one session in the absence of social influence were no more resistant to low eating norms than were those who had no such opportunity; however, those who ate alone for two or three prior sessions did show resistance...
November 24, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871207/gesturing-more-diminishes-recall-of-abstract-words-when-gesture-is-allowed-and-concrete-words-when-it-is-taboo
#4
Krista M Matthews-Saugstad, Erik P Raymakers, Damian G Kelty-Stephen
Gesture during speech can promote or diminish recall for conversation content. We explored effects of cognitive load on this relationship, manipulating it at two scales: individual-word abstractness and social constraints to prohibit gestures. Prohibited gestures can diminish recall but more so for abstract-word recall. Insofar as movement planning adds to cognitive load, movement amplitude may moderate gesture effects on memory, with greater permitted-and prohibited-gesture movements reducing abstract-word recall and concrete-word recall, respectively...
November 22, 2016: Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology: QJEP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834551/an-exercise-in-resistance-inoculation-messaging-as-a-strategy-for-protecting-motivation-during-a-monotonous-and-controlling-exercise-class
#5
James A Dimmock, Marylène Gagné, Lauren Proud, Timothy C Howle, Amanda L Rebar, Ben Jackson
Sustained attention has been devoted to studying the factors that support (or thwart) individuals' enjoyment of, interest in, and value judgments regarding, their exercise activities. We employed a resistance-inducing (i.e., inoculation theory) messaging technique with the aim of protecting these desirable perceptions in the face of environmental conditions designed to undermine one's positive exercise experiences. Autonomously-motivated exercisers (N = 146, Mage = 20.57, SD = 4.02) performed a 25-minute, group-based, instructor-led exercise circuit, in which the activities were deliberately monotonous, and during which the confederate instructor acted in a disinterested, unsupportive, and critical manner...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818610/peer-passenger-norms-and-pressure-experimental-effects-on-simulated-driving-among-teenage-males
#6
C Raymond Bingham, Bruce G Simons-Morton, Anuj K Pradhan, Kaigang Li, Farideh Almani, Emily B Falk, Jean T Shope, Lisa Buckley, Marie Claude Ouimet, Paul S Albert
OBJECTIVE: Serious crashes are more likely when teenage drivers have teenage passengers. One likely source of this increased risk is social influences on driving performance. This driving simulator study experimentally tested the effects of peer influence (i.e., risk-accepting compared to risk-averse peer norms reinforced by pressure) on the driving risk behavior (i.e., risky driving behavior and inattention to hazards) of male teenagers. It was hypothesized that peer presence would result in greater driving risk behavior (i...
August 2016: Transportation Research. Part F, Traffic Psychology and Behaviour
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812071/physical-therapy-as-a-profession-and-its-educational-development-in-pakistan
#7
Aamir Raoof Memon, Nasir Mansoor Sahibzada, Muhammad Ehab Azim, Furqan Ahmed Siddiqui
Physical therapists work in different medical and related settings and serve to maintain and restore functional capability. Pakistan has a disability rate of 2.65% with a total of around 5.035 million disabled people. Physical therapy as a profession started in 1956 at the Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre with a 2-year diploma, later on 4 years bachelors programme was also started. In 2008, doctor of physical therapy programme was initiated. The representative body "Pakistan Physical Therapy Association" was also established in 2008 which then joined the World Confederation for Physical Therapy in 2011...
November 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803981/genetic-structure-of-the-early-hungarian-conquerors-inferred-from-mtdna-haplotypes-and-y-chromosome-haplogroups-in-a-small-cemetery
#8
Endre Neparáczki, Zoltán Juhász, Horolma Pamjav, Tibor Fehér, Bernadett Csányi, Albert Zink, Frank Maixner, György Pálfi, Erika Molnár, Ildikó Pap, Ágnes Kustár, László Révész, István Raskó, Tibor Török
We applied ancient DNA methods to shed light on the origin of ancient Hungarians and their relation to modern populations. Hungarians moved into the Carpathian Basin from the Eurasian Pontic steppes in the year 895 AD as a confederation of seven tribes, but their further origin remains obscure. Here, we present 17 mtDNA haplotypes and four Y-chromosome haplogroups, which portray the genetic composition of an entire small cemetery of the first generation Hungarians. Using novel algorithms to compare these mitochondrial DNA haplogroups with other ancient and modern Eurasian data, we revealed that a significant portion of the Hungarians probably originated from a long ago consolidated gene pool in Central Asia-South Siberia, which still persists in modern Hungarians...
November 1, 2016: Molecular Genetics and Genomics: MGG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796690/adhd-and-depression-symptoms-in-parent-couples-predict-response-to-child-adhd-and-odd-behavior
#9
Brian T Wymbs, Anne E Dawson, Theresa E Egan, Gina M Sacchetti, Sean T Tams, Frances A Wymbs
Parents of children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) often have elevated ADHD and depressive symptoms, both of which increase the risk of ineffective parenting and interparental discord. However, little is known about whether child ADHD/ODD behavior and parent ADHD or depressive symptoms uniquely or synergistically predict the quality of parenting and interparental communication during triadic (mother-father-child) interactions. Ninety parent couples, including 51 who have children diagnosed with ADHD, were randomly assigned to interact with a 9-12 year-old confederate child (84 % male) exhibiting either ADHD/ODD-like behavior or typical behavior...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785567/the-effect-of-facial-expressions-on-peripersonal-and-interpersonal-spaces
#10
Gennaro Ruggiero, Francesca Frassinetti, Yann Coello, Mariachiara Rapuano, Armando Schiano di Cola, Tina Iachini
Identifying individuals' intent through the emotional valence conveyed by their facial expression influences our capacity to approach-avoid these individuals during social interactions. Here, we explore if and how the emotional valence of others' facial expressiveness modulates peripersonal-action and interpersonal-social spaces. Through Immersive Virtual Reality, participants determined reachability-distance (for peripersonal space) and comfort-distance (for interpersonal space) from male/female virtual confederates exhibiting happy, angry and neutral facial expressions while being approached by (passive-approach) or walking toward (active-approach) them...
October 26, 2016: Psychological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784312/the-state-of-the-art-of-twinning-a-concept-analysis-of-twinning-in-healthcare
#11
Franka Cadée, Marianne J Nieuwenhuijze, A L M Lagro-Janssen, Raymond De Vries
BACKGROUND: Inequities in health have garnered international attention and are now addressed in Sustainable Development Goal 3 (SDG3), which seeks to 'promote well-being for all'. To attain this goal globally requires innovative approaches, one of which is twinning. According to the International Confederation of Midwives, twinning focusses on empowering professionals, who can subsequently be change-agents for their communities. However, twinning in healthcare is relatively new and because the definition and understanding of twinning lacks clarity, rigorous monitoring and evaluation are rare...
October 26, 2016: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763444/partnership-with-the-confederated-salish-and-kootenai-tribes-establishing-an-advisory-committee-for-pharmacogenetic-research
#12
Chelsea T Morales, LeeAnna I Muzquiz, Kevin Howlett, Bernie Azure, Brenda Bodnar, Vernon Finley, Tony Incashola, Cheryl Mathias, Cindi Laukes, Patrick Beatty, Wylie Burke, Mark A Pershouse, Elizabeth A Putnam, Susan Brown Trinidad, Rosalina James, Erica L Woodahl
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27677052/using-hypnosis-to-model-fregoli-delusion-and-the-impact-of-challenges-on-belief-revision
#13
Jocelyn M Elliott, Rochelle E Cox, Amanda J Barnier
Fregoli delusion involves the belief that strangers are known people in disguise. We aimed to model aspects of this delusion for the first time using hypnosis. We informed hypnotised subjects that someone would enter the room (a confederate) and they would believe this person was someone they knew in disguise. After testing their reaction to the confederate, we challenged their delusion by directly contradicting their belief and then asking them to focus on the confederate's voice and gait. Finally, we indexed whether they could identify photographs of the confederate...
September 24, 2016: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649358/exploring-the-relationship-between-psychopathy-and-helping-behaviors-in-naturalistic-settings-preliminary-findings
#14
Mehmet K Mahmut, Louise Cridland, Richard J Stevenson
This study examined the helping behavior of participants with high (High-P; 15 males, 13 females) and low (Low-P; 14 males, 16 females) psychopathic traits without their awareness. In the first of three tests, we found Low-P participants offered more help to an apparently lost female confederate than High-P participants. In the second test, High-P compared to Low-P males offered more help to an "injured" female experimenter, the reverse was true for females. In the third test, High-P compared to Low-P females offered more help to a female confederate who had apparently dropped papers they were carrying; whereas the reverse was true for males...
October 2016: Journal of General Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635441/deception-detection-the-relationship-of-levels-of-trust-and-perspective-taking-in-real-time-online-and-offline-communication-environments
#15
Catherine Friend, Nicola Fox Hamilton
Where humans have been found to detect lies or deception only at the rate of chance in offline face-to-face communication (F2F), computer-mediated communication (CMC) online can elicit higher rates of trust and sharing of personal information than F2F. How do levels of trust and empathetic personality traits like perspective taking (PT) relate to deception detection in real-time CMC compared to F2F? A between groups correlational design (N = 40) demonstrated that, through a paired deceptive conversation task with confederates, levels of participant trust could predict accurate detection online but not offline...
September 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622919/friends-drinking-norms-and-male-adolescents-alcohol-consumption-the-moderating-role-of-performance-based-peer-influence-susceptibility
#16
Hanneke A Teunissen, Emmanuel Kuntsche, Ron H J Scholte, Renske Spijkerman, Mitchell J Prinstein, Rutger C M E Engels
This study examined whether the relationship between friends' drinking norms and male adolescents' alcohol use is moderated by performance-based peer influence susceptibility. Seventy-three male adolescents (M = 17 years) from three schools in the Netherlands were exposed to the drinking norms of "peers" (electronic confederates) in a chat room experiment. These peers were either popular or unpopular, and conveyed pro- or anti-alcohol norms. Peer influence susceptibility was defined as the change in adolescents' answers before and after exposure to the peer norms...
September 10, 2016: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622133/behavioral-skills-training-to-improve-the-abduction-prevention-skills-of-children-with-autism
#17
Katherine Ledbetter-Cho, Russell Lang, Katy Davenport, Melissa Moore, Allyson Lee, Mark O'Reilly, Laci Watkins, Terry Falcomata
A concurrent multiple baseline across participants design evaluated the effects of behavioral skills training (BST) on abduction-prevention skills of four children with autism. Across phases, confederates presented four types of abduction lures: (a) simple requests, (b) appeals to authority, (c) assistance requests, and (d) incentives. During baseline, lures resulted in children leaving with confederate strangers. During intervention, BST targeted a three-step response (i.e., refuse, move away, and report) and the abduction-prevention skills of all participants improved...
September 2016: Behavior Analysis in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611788/monitoring-of-contaminants-in-recycled-paperboard-for-food-contact-applications
#18
Vanessa Giannetti, Maurizio Boccacci Mariani, Paola Mannino
BACKGROUND: The lack of harmonized European legislation on food packaging led the Confederation of European Paper Industries to the proposal of a voluntary Industry Guideline for the compliance of paper and board materials for food contact applications. In the present work, a previously established method for the simultaneous determination of contaminants commonly found in recycled paperboard was improved and its applicability as a quality control tool in the paper industry was also assessed...
September 9, 2016: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27581897/self-assessment-toolkit
#19
(no author information available yet)
A new health and integration toolkit has been launched by NHS Clinical Commissioners, in partnership with the Local Government Association, NHS Confederation and the Association of Directors of Adult Services. The self-assessment tool is designed to help local health and care leaders, through health and well-being boards, to assess their ambition, capability, capacity and readiness to integrate local health and social care services.
September 2016: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27551362/the-perception-of-cooperativeness-without-any-visual-or-auditory-communication
#20
Dong-Seon Chang, Franziska Burger, Heinrich H Bülthoff, Stephan de la Rosa
Perceiving social information such as the cooperativeness of another person is an important part of human interaction. But can people perceive the cooperativeness of others even without any visual or auditory information? In a novel experimental setup, we connected two people with a rope and made them accomplish a point-collecting task together while they could not see or hear each other. We observed a consistently emerging turn-taking behavior in the interactions and installed a confederate in a subsequent experiment who either minimized or maximized this behavior...
December 2015: I-Perception
keyword
keyword
51356
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"