keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Confederate

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724014/prescription-medication-by-physiotherapists-a-brazilian-view-of-the-united-kingdom-canada-australia-and-new-zealand
#1
Valton da Silva Costa
Many health systems (HS) have adopted novel models of care which have included non-medical prescription (NMP) by physiotherapists. The aim of this study was to verify in the literature the existence of this practice and its possible benefits. A literature review was carried out through search on Science Direct, PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs and Google Scholar, and in the World Confederation for Physical Therapy and Chartered Society of Physiotherapy websites. In recent decades the United Kingdom adopted the NMP for health professionals, followed by Canada...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715663/a-laboratory-model-of-impulsivity-and-alcohol-use-in-late-adolescence
#2
Matthew J Gullo, Natalie J Loxton, Therese Price, Joanne Voisey, Ross McD Young, Jason P Connor
Impulsivity is a core characteristic of externalizing problems and a robust predictor of alcohol use in adolescence. There is little evidence on the causal mechanisms through which impulsivity influences drinking or how they are affected by key social factors (peer influence). This study reports the development of the first comprehensive laboratory model of adolescent impulsivity and alcohol use. One-hundred and twenty adolescents (50% female) of legal drinking age (M = 19.47 years, SD = 1.12) in Australia (18+ years) were subjected to 1 of 3 experimental manipulations to increase impulsive behavior (reward cue exposure, negative mood induction, ego depletion)...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715387/a-modified-trier-social-stress-test-for-vulnerable-mexican-american-adolescents
#3
Megan M Johnson, Julianna Deardorff, Kimberly Parra, Abbey Alkon, Brenda Eskenazi, Elizabeth Shirtcliff
The Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) is a well validated and widely used social stressor that has been shown to induce a 2-4 fold increase in cortisol, the biological output produced by the Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal (HPA) axis in humans. While studies have explored how modifications to the TSST influence stress responsivity, few studies have created a modified TSST appropriate for vulnerable youth that elicits a significant cortisol stress response. Thus, the current study sought to modify or adjust the TSST in a culturally sensitive way for a vulnerable sample of 14 year-old adolescents...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709572/the-balancing-act-of-societies-and-of-clinical-histories
#4
Mauricio Goihman-Yahr
Individuals and societies are, respectively, confederations of cells and individuals. They function well only if their constituents work in a complementary and harmonious way. This is regulated by control mechanisms. Failure or malfunction of these leads to disease or social upheaval, respectively. Medicine, including dermatology, and government act by restoring homeostasis when self-regulation is unable to do so. Long-term or even permanent survival of individuals and societies can be achieved when profound understanding of control mechanisms becomes a reality...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671912/errors-during-resuscitation-the-impact-of-perceived-authority-on-delivery-of-care
#5
Nicole Jane Delaloye, Kathy Tobler, Thomas OʼNeill, Afrothite Kotsakis, Jessica Cooper, Ilana Bank, Elaine Gilfoyle
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the influence of perceived authority on pediatric resuscitation teams' response to an incorrect order given by a medical superior. METHODS: As part of a larger multicenter prospective interventional study, interprofessional pediatric resuscitation teams (n = 48) participated in a video-recorded simulated resuscitation scenario with an infant in unstable, refractory supraventricular tachycardia. A confederate actor playing a senior physician entered the scenario partway through and ordered the incorrect dose and delivery method of the antiarrhythmic, procainamide...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669147/proposal-for-improving-the-system-of-physical-therapy-education-and-the-korean-physical-therapist-licensing-examination-based-on-a-comparison-of-the-systems-in-world-confederation-for-physical-therapy-member-countries
#6
Min-Hyeok Kang, Tae-Hwan Lee, Sang-Min Cha, Jae-Seop Oh, Tae-Sik Lee, Tae-Young Oh, Suhn-Yeop Kim, Hyoung-Soo Lee, Gyu-Wan Lee, Ki-Song Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Journal of Educational Evaluation for Health Professions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662110/back-pain-in-elite-sports-a-cross-sectional-study-on-1114-athletes
#7
Daniela Fett, Katharina Trompeter, Petra Platen
OBJECTIVES: To establish the prevalence of back pain in German elite athletes; examine the influence of age, sex, sports discipline and training volume; and compare elite athletes with a physically active control group. METHODS: A standardized and validated online back pain questionnaire was sent by the German Olympic Sports Confederation to approximately 4,000 German national and international elite athletes, and a control group of 253 physically active but non-elite sports students...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659074/health-secretary-sympathetic-about-nurses-case-for-pay-rise
#8
Matthew Mckew
Health secretary Jeremy Hunt (pictured) used his address to the NHS Confederation conference last month to announce renewed talks with the RCN over nurses' pay.
June 29, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635467/health-secretary-to-meet-with-rcn-over-nurse-pay
#9
Flavia Munn, Matthew Mckew
Health secretary Jeremy Hunt will meet with the RCN to talk about nurses' pay, health leaders at the NHS Confederation conference heard last week.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635021/the-object-of-my-aggression-sexual-objectification-increases-physical-aggression-toward-women
#10
Eduardo A Vasquez, Louisa Ball, Steve Loughnan, Afroditi Pina
Objectification involves reducing someone to a sexual object, rather than seeing them as a full person. Despite numerous theoretical claims that people are more aggressive toward the objectified, and empirical evidence that objectification is linked to high willingness to aggress, rape proclivity, and aggressive attitudes, no research has examined a causal link between objectification and physical aggression, particularly in the context of provocation. In two experiments, we examined this predicted link. In Experiment 1, using a 2 (objectification: no/yes) × 2 (provocation: no/yes) factorial between-subjects design, we investigated the effects of objectification, induced via body focus during a face-to-face interaction, and provocation on physical aggression toward a female confederate...
June 20, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632099/how-working-with-a-helpful-versus-less-helpful-confederate-influences-joint-action-in-a-pegboard-task
#11
Sara Scharoun, Adam Mintz, Cheryl M Glazebrook, Eric Roy, Dave Gonzalez
Actors change their movement strategies to complement a coactor's movements when performing cooperative tasks. To further investigate this topic, the authors designed a pegboard task whereby a participant-confederate pair worked together to move a peg from one side of the board to the other. The authors examined how the experience of working with a helpful confederate versus less helpful confederate influenced the participant's movement behavior. Results provide evidence that participants change their movement behaviors in response to the actions of the confederate...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619723/government-must-lift-pay-cap-to-keep-staff-says-nhs-confederation
#12
Tom Moberly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612374/measuring-mimicry-general-corticospinal-facilitation-during-observation-of-naturalistic-behaviour
#13
J E van Schaik, L M Sacheli, H Bekkering, I Toni, S M Aglioti
Mimicry of others' postures and behaviours forms an implicit yet indispensable component of social interactions. However, whereas numerous behavioural studies have investigated the occurrence of mimicry and its social sensitivity, the underlying neurocognitive mechanisms remain elusive. In this study, single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to measure corticospinal facilitation during a naturalistic behaviour observation task adapted from the behavioural mimicry literature. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in participants' right hands were measured as they observed stimulus videos of a confederate describing photographs...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606103/occupational-therapy-and-physiotherapy-education-and-workforce-in-anglophone-sub-saharan-africa-countries
#14
Augustine O Agho, Emmanuel B John
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries are faced with the challenge of educating a critical mass of occupational therapists (OTs) and physiotherapists (PTs) to meet the growing demand for health and rehabilitation services. The World Federation of Occupational Therapy (WFOT) and World Confederation of Physical Therapy (WCPT) have argued for the need of graduate-level training for OTs and PTs for decades. However, very few studies have been conducted to determine the availability of OT and PT training programs and practitioners in SSA countries...
June 12, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604032/gaze-behavior-to-faces-during-dyadic-interaction
#15
Roy S Hessels, Tim H W Cornelissen, Ignace T C Hooge, Chantal Kemner
A long-standing hypothesis is that humans have a bias for fixating the eye region in the faces of others. Most studies have tested this hypothesis with static images or videos of faces, yet recent studies suggest that the use of such "nonresponsive" stimuli might overlook an influence of social context. The present study addressed whether the bias for fixating the eye region in faces would persist in a situation that allowed for social interaction. In Experiment 1, we demonstrate a setup in which a duo could engage in social interaction while their eye movements were recorded...
June 12, 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596727/executive-mechanisms-for-thinking-about-negative-situations-in-both-cooperative-and-non-cooperative-contexts
#16
Azalea Reyes-Aguilar, Juan Fernandez-Ruiz, Erick H Pasaye, Fernando A Barrios
Mentalizing is a fundamental aspect of social cognition that includes understanding the mental states of others. This process involves the participation of a well-defined set of brain regions. However, it is still unknown how different contextual situations, such as previous cooperative or non-cooperative interactions, can modulate the brain activity related to the inference of others' mental states. Hence, this study investigated whether a previous social interaction can modulate the neural mechanisms involved in a way to response to inferred mental states of cooperators and non-cooperators in positive vs...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596129/sync-to-link-endorphin-mediated-synchrony-effects-on-cooperation
#17
Martin Lang, Vladimír Bahna, John H Shaver, Paul Reddish, Dimitris Xygalatas
Behavioural synchronization has been shown to facilitate social bonding and cooperation but the mechanisms through which such effects are attained are poorly understood. In the current study, participants interacted with a pre-recorded confederate who exhibited different rates of synchrony, and we investigated three mechanisms for the effects of synchrony on likeability and trusting behaviour: self-other overlap, perceived cooperation, and opioid system activation measured via pain threshold. We show that engaging in highly synchronous behaviour activates all three mechanisms, and that these mechanisms mediate the effects of synchrony on liking and investment in a Trust Game...
June 6, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586826/goal-directed-drinking-behaviors-can-be-modified-through-behavioral-mimicry
#18
Samantha E Shune, Kayla A Foster
Purpose: This study tested whether behavioral mimicry can alter drinking behavior. It was hypothesized that participants would increase drinking behaviors given increased confederate drinking but not cup touching. Methods: Nineteen healthy adults (Mage = 20.32 years) completed 2 picture description tasks; during 1 task, a confederate frequently sipped water (complete drinking gesture), and during the other, the confederate touched her cup but did not drink (partial gesture)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582334/introducing-the-international-confederation-of-plastic-surgery-societies-icoplast
#19
Hinne A Rakhorst, Hassan Badran, Howard M Clarke, Rodney Cooter, Gregory R D Evans, Julio Daniel Kirschbaum, Kyung Suk Koh, Carol Lazier, Robert X Murphy, Takashi Nakatsuka, Nelson Sarto Piccolo, Graeme Perks
This paper describes the formation of the International Confederation of Plastic Surgery, ICOPLAST, as a novel, transparent, dynamic, and pro-active confederation of national plastic surgery societies. ICOPLAST aspires to provide a voice for the entire international community of plastic surgeons.ICOPLAST has been designed to benefit the patient, plastic surgery as a profession and each individual plastic surgeon. Its principal objective is to enhance international communication, education, and advocacy processes to ultimately improve patient outcomes for plastic surgery patients globally...
June 1, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497502/improving-outcome-of-fungal-diseases-guiding-experts-and-patients-towards-excellence
#20
Oliver A Cornely, Cornelia Lass-Flörl, Katrien Lagrou, Valentina Arsic-Arsenijevic, Martin Hoenigl
Invasive fungal infections are on the rise and during recent years understanding the epidemiology of fungal infections improved. Over 1 billion people are affected and 25 million patients are at imminent risk of severe organ damage or death due to fungal infection. The European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM), founded in 1993, is the roof organisation of 23 National Medical Mycology Societies in Europe. ECMM fights fungal infections at various levels, by creating and distributing scientific knowledge and promoting scientific exchange...
May 12, 2017: Mycoses
keyword
keyword
51356
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"