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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665303/asian-pacific-endodontic-confederation-apec-report
#1
Sanjay Miglani, Hyeon-Cheol Henry Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Australian Endodontic Journal: the Journal of the Australian Society of Endodontology Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660575/development-and-implementation-of-a-competency-based-clinical-evaluation-tool-for-midwifery-education
#2
Kate Woeber
BACKGROUND: The learning goals and evaluation strategies of competency-based midwifery programs must be explicit and well-defined. In the US, didactic learning is evaluated through a standardized certification examination, but standardized clinical competence evaluation is lacking. DESCRIPTION OF THE TOOL: The Midwifery Competency Assessment Tool (MCAT) has been adapted from the International Confederation of Midwives' (ICM) "Essential Competencies" and from the American College of Nurse-Midwives' (ACNM) "Core Competencies", with student self-evaluation based on Benner's Novice-to-Expert theory...
March 22, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579005/a-pediatric-service-learning-program-in-physical-therapy-education
#3
Yu-Jen Hou, Wen-Yu Liu, Yang-Hua Lin, Hen-Yu Lien, Alice M K Wong, Chien-Min Chen
PURPOSE: The purpose of this report was to describe a pediatric service-learning program in entry-level physical therapy (PT) education in Taiwan. KEY POINTS: To meet the needs of the local community and provide preclinical service-learning experience to PT students with people with physical disability, a service-learning program of a 2-day camp for children with cerebral palsy (CP) was developed in 2012. To date, 356 entry-level PT students have participated in this program, serving 286 children and their families...
April 2018: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554606/development-of-a-context-specific-accreditation-assessment-tool-for-affirming-quality-midwifery-education-in-bangladesh
#4
Malin Bogren, Sathyanarayanan Doraiswamy, Kerstin Erlandsson, Halima Akhter, Dalia Akter, Momtaz Begum, Merry Chowdhury, Lucky Das, Rehana Akter, Sufia Begum, Renoara Akter, Syeada Yesmin, Yamin Ara Khatun
OBJECTIVE: using the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM) Global Standards for Midwifery Education as a conceptual framework, the aim of this study was to explore and describe important 'must haves' for inclusion in a context-specific accreditation assessment tool in Bangladesh. DESIGN: A questionnaire study was conducted using a Likert rating scale and 111 closed-response single items on adherence to accreditation-related statements, ending with an open-ended question...
February 21, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550644/a-web-based-resource-for-promoting-equity-in-midwifery-education-and-training-towards-meaningful-diversity-and-inclusion
#5
Kristin J Effland, Karen Hays
Increasing the midwifery workforce requires that aspiring midwives complete education and training, but structural racism and microaggressions impact the lives of underrepresented midwifery students and apprentices, adding stressors and disparities to the usual demanding educational challenges. In order to be resilient, students rely on preceptors, faculty, administrators and institutions to promote equity. Equity-focused learning environments improve student experiences and success rates, and better prepare all students to provide culturally humble and sensitive care to diverse childbearing persons and other essential competencies outlined by the International Confederation of Midwives...
February 15, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550374/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-of-the-medial-prefrontal-cortex-modulates-the-propensity-to-help-in-costly-helping-behavior
#6
Chong Liao, Song Wu, Yue-Jia Luo, Qing Guan, Fang Cui
Social decision-making engages traditional decision-making processes (e.g. valuation), as well as social cognition processes (e.g. inferring the affective and mental states of another person). Neuroimaging and neuro-stimulation studies have suggested the involvement of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in a variety of social decision-making tasks. Yet no study has investigated the effect of the cortical excitability of mPFC in the decision-making of costly helping behavior. Here, we used tDCS to demonstrate the causal relationship between the cortical excitability of mPFC and costly helping decision-making...
March 14, 2018: Neuroscience Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29544767/diagnosis-and-management-of-aspergillus-diseases-executive-summary-of-the-2017-escmid-ecmm-ers-guideline
#7
A J Ullmann, J M Aguado, S Arikan-Akdagli, D W Denning, A H Groll, K Lagrou, C Lass-Flörl, R E Lewis, P Munoz, P E Verweij, A Warris, F Ader, M Akova, M C Arendrup, R A Barnes, C Beigelman-Aubry, S Blot, E Bouza, R J M Brüggemann, D Buchheidt, J Cadranel, E Castagnola, A Chakrabarti, M Cuenca-Estrella, G Dimopoulos, J Fortun, J-P Gangneux, J Garbino, W J Heinz, R Herbrecht, C P Heussel, C C Kibbler, N Klimko, B J Kullberg, C Lange, T Lehrnbecher, J Löffler, O Lortholary, J Maertens, O Marchetti, J F Meis, L Pagano, P Ribaud, M Richardson, E Roilides, M Ruhnke, M Sanguinetti, D C Sheppard, J Sinkó, A Skiada, M J G T Vehreschild, C Viscoli, O A Cornely
The European Society for Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, the European Confederation of Medical Mycology and the European Respiratory Society Joint Clinical Guidelines focus on diagnosis and management of aspergillosis. Of the numerous recommendations, a few are summarized here. Chest computed tomography as well as bronchoscopy with bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in patients with suspicion of pulmonary invasive aspergillosis (IA) are strongly recommended. For diagnosis, direct microscopy, preferably using optical brighteners, histopathology and culture are strongly recommended...
March 12, 2018: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29538733/developing-collaborative-works-for-faster-progress-on-fungal-respiratory-infections-in-cystic-fibrosis
#8
Carsten Schwarz, Patrick Vandeputte, Amandine Rougeron, Sandrine Giraud, Thomas Dugé de Bernonville, Ludovic Duvaux, Amandine Gastebois, Ana Alastruey-Izquierdo, Maria Teresa Martín-Gomez, Estrella Martin Mazuelos, Amparo Sole, Josep Cano, Javier Pemán, Guillermo Quindos, Françoise Botterel, Marie-Elisabeth Bougnoux, Sharon Chen, Laurence Delhaès, Loïc Favennec, Stéphane Ranque, Ludwig Sedlacek, Joerg Steinmann, Jose Vazquez, Craig Williams, Wieland Meyer, Solène Le Gal, Gilles Nevez, Maxime Fleury, Nicolas Papon, Françoise Symoens, Jean-Philippe Bouchara
Cystic fibrosis (CF) is the major genetic inherited disease in Caucasian populations. The respiratory tract of CF patients displays a sticky viscous mucus, which allows for the entrapment of airborne bacteria and fungal spores and provides a suitable environment for growth of microorganisms, including numerous yeast and filamentous fungal species. As a consequence, respiratory infections are the major cause of morbidity and mortality in this clinical context. Although bacteria remain the most common agents of these infections, fungal respiratory infections have emerged as an important cause of disease...
April 1, 2018: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534645/the-effects-of-co-witness-discussion-on-confidence-and-precision-in-eyewitness-memory-reports
#9
Joanne Rechdan, Lorraine Hope, James D Sauer, Melanie Sauerland, James Ost, Harald Merckelbach
We examined the influence of co-witness discussion on the metacognitive regulation of memory reports. Participants (N = 92) watched a crime video. Later, a confederate confidently agreed with (gave confirming feedback), disagreed with (gave disconfirming feedback), or gave no feedback (control) regarding participants' answers to questions about the video. Participants who received disconfirming feedback reported fewer fine-grain details than participants in the confirming and control conditions on a subsequent, individual recall test for a different question set...
March 13, 2018: Memory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530257/combined-audience-and-video-feedback-with-cognitive-review-improves-state-anxiety-and-self-perceptions-during-speech-tasks-in-socially-anxious-individuals
#10
Junwen Chen, Jordan E McLean, Eva Kemps
This study investigated the effects of combined audience feedback with video feedback plus cognitive preparation, and cognitive review (enabling deeper processing of feedback) on state anxiety and self-perceptions including perception of performance and perceived probability of negative evaluation in socially anxious individuals during a speech performance. One hundred and forty socially anxious students were randomly assigned to four conditions: Cognitive Preparation + Video Feedback + Audience Feedback + Cognitive Review (CP+VF+AF+CR), Cognitive Preparation + Video Feedback + Cognitive Review (CP+VF+CR), Cognitive Preparation + Video Feedback only (CP+VF), and Control...
March 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29524776/study-circles-in-hospitals-obstetrics-centers-as-a-teaching-learning-strategy-in-midwifery-education
#11
Roselane Gonçalves, Jacqueline Isaac Machado Brigagão, Glauce Cristine Ferreira Soares
We describe the experience of study circles on the theme 'good obstetrics practices backed by scientific evidence' and argue that they prepared midwifery students to dialogue with hospital staff and empowered them in the process of negotiating the implementation of practices put forward by the International Confederation of Midwives (ICM). We conclude that study circles are an efficient strategy of preparing midwifery students to be active participants in the maternity care team and lead discussions of evidenced-based practice...
February 15, 2018: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512874/repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-reveals-a-role-for-the-left-inferior-parietal-lobule-in-matching-observed-kinematics-during-imitation
#12
Arran T Reader, Ben P Royce, Jade E Marsh, Katy-Jayne Chivers, Nicholas P Holmes
Apraxia (a disorder of complex movement) suggests that the left inferior parietal lobule plays a role in kinematic or spatial aspects of imitation, which may be particularly important for meaningless (i.e., unfamiliar intransitive) actions. Mirror neuron theories indicate that the inferior parietal lobule is part of a frontoparietal system that can support imitation by linking observed and stored actions through visuomotor matching, and have less to say about different subregions of the left inferior parietal lobule, or how different types of action (i...
March 7, 2018: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461681/united-states-model-midwifery-legislation-and-regulation-development-of-a-consensus-document
#13
Holly Powell Kennedy, Jo Anne Myers-Ciecko, Katherine Camacho Carr, Ginger Breedlove, Tanya Bailey, Marinah V Farrell, Mary Lawlor, Ida Darragh
INTRODUCTION: Midwifery is defined and regulated across all 50 United States. However, states' regulations vary markedly, creating confusion for policy makers and consumers, and can limit services to women. In 2011, the International Confederation of Midwives released Global Standards for Midwifery Education, Regulation, and Association, providing guidance for international midwifery for the first time. US organizations representing midwifery education, regulation, and professional associations (US MERA) agreed to work together on common goals...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447070/reading-your-mind-while-you-are-reading-evidence-for-spontaneous-visuospatial-perspective-taking-during-a-semantic-categorization-task
#14
Martin Freundlieb, Ágnes M Kovács, Natalie Sebanz
Recent studies have demonstrated people's propensity to adopt others' visuospatial perspectives (VSPs) in a shared physical context. The present study investigated whether spontaneous VSP taking occurs in mental space where another person's perspective matters for mental activities rather than physical actions. Participants sat at a 90° angle to a confederate and performed a semantic categorization task on written words. From the participants' point of view, words were always displayed vertically, while for the confederate, these words appeared either the right way up or upside down, depending on the confederate's sitting position...
February 1, 2018: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439207/a-casino-goes-smoke-free-a-longitudinal-study-of-secondhand-and-thirdhand-smoke-pollution-and-exposure
#15
Georg E Matt, Penelope J E Quintana, Eunha Hoh, Joy M Zakarian, Zohir Chowdhury, Melbourne F Hovell, Peyton Jacob, Kayo Watanabe, Teaba S Theweny, Victoria Flores, Anh Nguyen, Narinder Dhaliwal, Gary Hayward
BACKGROUND: Secondhand smoke (SHS) in US casinos is common, but little is known about the residue of tobacco smoke pollutants left behind in dust and on surfaces, commonly referred to as thirdhand smoke (THS). We examined SHS and THS pollution and exposure before and during a casino smoking ban and after smoking resumed. METHODS: A casino was visited nine times over a 15-month period to collect dust, surface and air samples in eight locations. Finger wipe and urine samples were collected from non-smoking confederates before and after a 4-hour casino visit...
February 8, 2018: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436156/cytochrome-p450-genetic-variation-associated-with-tamoxifen-biotransformation-in-american-indian-and-alaska-native-people
#16
Burhan A Khan, Renee Robinson, Alison E Fohner, LeeAnna I Muzquiz, Brian D Schilling, Julie A Beans, Matthew J Olnes, Laura Trawicki, Holly Frydenlund, Cindi Laukes, Patrick Beatty, Brian Phillips, Deborah Nickerson, Kevin Howlett, Denise A Dillard, Timothy A Thornton, Kenneth E Thummel, Erica L Woodahl
Despite evidence that pharmacogenetics can improve tamoxifen pharmacotherapy, there are few studies with American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) people. We examined variation in cytochrome P450 (CYP) genes (CYP2D6, CYP3A4, CYP3A5, and CYP2C9) and tamoxifen biotransformation in AIAN patients with breast cancer (n = 42) from the Southcentral Foundation in Alaska and the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes in Montana. We tested for associations between CYP diplotypes and plasma concentrations of tamoxifen and metabolites...
February 13, 2018: Clinical and Translational Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29421846/survey-highlights-important-discrepancies-between-definitions-of-paediatric-abnormal-growth-taught-to-medical-students-in-23-european-countries
#17
Pauline Scherdel, Nils Hjelm, Jean-François Salaün, Barbara Heude, Martin Chalumeau
AIM: This study compared the definitions of abnormal growth that are taught across Europe to explain previously reported variations in growth-monitoring practices. METHODS: We developed two online surveys in 2016 to obtain the definitions of abnormal growth in European countries and approached the national chairs of the European Confederation of Primary Care Paediatricians in 18 countries and the International Federation of Medical Students' Associations in 33 countries...
February 8, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405924/multi-informant-assessments-of-adolescent-social-anxiety-adding-clarity-by-leveraging-reports-from-unfamiliar-peer-confederates
#18
Danielle E Deros, Sarah J Racz, Melanie F Lipton, Tara M Augenstein, Jeremy N Karp, Lauren M Keeley, Noor Qasmieh, Brigitte I Grewe, Amelia Aldao, Andres De Los Reyes
Adolescent social anxiety (SA) assessments often include adolescent and parent reports, and low reporting correspondence results in uncertainties in clinical decision-making. Adolescents display SA within non-home contexts such as peer interactions. Yet, current methods for collecting peer reports raise confidentiality concerns, though adolescent SA assessments nonetheless would benefit from context-specific reports relevant to adolescent SA (i.e., interactions with unfamiliar peers). In a sample of 89 adolescents (30 Evaluation-Seeking; 59 Community Control), we collected SA reports from adolescents and their parents, and SA reports from unfamiliar peer confederates who interacted with adolescents during 20-minute mock social interactions...
January 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29381184/l%C3%A3-g-f%C3%A3-ljsamhet-till-rekommenderad-hj%C3%A3-rtscreening-av-elitidrottare-l%C3%A3-gesanalys-i-%C3%A3-sterg%C3%A3-tland
#19
Sofia Sunnerud, Eva Nylander, Magnus Janzon, Anna Carlén, Kristofer Hedman
Low adherence to recommended pre-participation cardiac evaluation of Swedish athletes Pre-participation cardiac evaluation of athletes is recommended by international organizations like the European Society of Cardiology and the American Heart Association, as well as by the Swedish Sports Confederation. The purpose of the evaluation is to prevent sudden cardiac death in athletes by early identification of individuals at risk. To our knowledge, no previous study has been made regarding the implementation of pre-participation cardiac evaluation of athletes in Sweden...
January 30, 2018: Läkartidningen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336329/-current-status-of-urological-training-in-latin-america
#20
Javier C Angulo, Carlos Figueroa, Reynaldo Gómez, Francisco Martins, Juan Guillermo Corrales, Fernando Secin, Gerardo López-Secchi, Antonio León, Marcelo Torrico, Leonardo O Reis, Mauricio Plata, Mariano Sotomayor, Jorge Gutiérrez-Aceves
OBJECTIVE: Achieving residents' medical training of quality is a constant concern in the Confederación Americana de Urología (CAU), the third Urological Society worldwide. We aim to analyze the diversity of state training programs, with the intention to identify opportunities for global improvement within them and also to analyse the professional reality in different countries. METHODS: Data from 2nd and 3rd Foro Educativo CAU regarding postgraduate training and labour implications are reviewed...
January 2018: Archivos Españoles de Urología
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