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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635467/health-secretary-to-meet-with-rcn-over-nurse-pay
#1
Flavia Munn, Matthew Mckew
Health secretary Jeremy Hunt will meet with the RCN to talk about nurses' pay, health leaders at the NHS Confederation conference heard last week.
June 21, 2017: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632099/how-working-with-a-helpful-versus-less-helpful-confederate-influences-joint-action-in-a-pegboard-task
#2
Sara Scharoun, Adam Mintz, Cheryl M Glazebrook, Eric Roy, Dave Gonzalez
Actors change their movement strategies to complement a coactor's movements when performing cooperative tasks. To further investigate this topic, the authors designed a pegboard task whereby a participant-confederate pair worked together to move a peg from one side of the board to the other. The authors examined how the experience of working with a helpful confederate versus less helpful confederate influenced the participant's movement behavior. Results provide evidence that participants change their movement behaviors in response to the actions of the confederate...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Motor Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619723/government-must-lift-pay-cap-to-keep-staff-says-nhs-confederation
#3
Tom Moberly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612374/measuring-mimicry-general-corticospinal-facilitation-during-observation-of-naturalistic-behaviour
#4
J E van Schaik, L M Sacheli, H Bekkering, I Toni, S M Aglioti
Mimicry of others' postures and behaviours forms an implicit yet indispensable component of social interactions. However, whereas numerous behavioural studies have investigated the occurrence of mimicry and its social sensitivity, the underlying neurocognitive mechanisms remain elusive. In this study, single pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation was used to measure corticospinal facilitation during a naturalistic behaviour observation task adapted from the behavioural mimicry literature. Motor evoked potentials (MEPs) in participants' right hands were measured as they observed stimulus videos of a confederate describing photographs...
June 14, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606103/occupational-therapy-and-physiotherapy-education-and-workforce-in-anglophone-sub-saharan-africa-countries
#5
Augustine O Agho, Emmanuel B John
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) countries are faced with the challenge of educating a critical mass of occupational therapists (OTs) and physiotherapists (PTs) to meet the growing demand for health and rehabilitation services. The World Federation of Occupational Therapy (WFOT) and World Confederation of Physical Therapy (WCPT) have argued for the need of graduate-level training for OTs and PTs for decades. However, very few studies have been conducted to determine the availability of OT and PT training programs and practitioners in SSA countries...
June 12, 2017: Human Resources for Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604032/gaze-behavior-to-faces-during-dyadic-interaction
#6
Roy S Hessels, Tim H W Cornelissen, Ignace T C Hooge, Chantal Kemner
A long-standing hypothesis is that humans have a bias for fixating the eye region in the faces of others. Most studies have tested this hypothesis with static images or videos of faces, yet recent studies suggest that the use of such "nonresponsive" stimuli might overlook an influence of social context. The present study addressed whether the bias for fixating the eye region in faces would persist in a situation that allowed for social interaction. In Experiment 1, we demonstrate a setup in which a duo could engage in social interaction while their eye movements were recorded...
June 12, 2017: Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, Revue Canadienne de Psychologie Expérimentale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596727/executive-mechanisms-for-thinking-about-negative-situations-in-both-cooperative-and-non-cooperative-contexts
#7
Azalea Reyes-Aguilar, Juan Fernandez-Ruiz, Erick H Pasaye, Fernando A Barrios
Mentalizing is a fundamental aspect of social cognition that includes understanding the mental states of others. This process involves the participation of a well-defined set of brain regions. However, it is still unknown how different contextual situations, such as previous cooperative or non-cooperative interactions, can modulate the brain activity related to the inference of others' mental states. Hence, this study investigated whether a previous social interaction can modulate the neural mechanisms involved in a way to response to inferred mental states of cooperators and non-cooperators in positive vs...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596129/sync-to-link-endorphin-mediated-synchrony-effects-on-cooperation
#8
Martin Lang, Vladimír Bahna, John H Shaver, Paul Reddish, Dimitris Xygalatas
Behavioural synchronization has been shown to facilitate social bonding and cooperation but the mechanisms through which such effects are attained are poorly understood. In the current study, participants interacted with a pre-recorded confederate who exhibited different rates of synchrony, and we investigated three mechanisms for the effects of synchrony on likeability and trusting behaviour: self-other overlap, perceived cooperation, and opioid system activation measured via pain threshold. We show that engaging in highly synchronous behaviour activates all three mechanisms, and that these mechanisms mediate the effects of synchrony on liking and investment in a Trust Game...
June 6, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586826/goal-directed-drinking-behaviors-can-be-modified-through-behavioral-mimicry
#9
Samantha E Shune, Kayla A Foster
Purpose: This study tested whether behavioral mimicry can alter drinking behavior. It was hypothesized that participants would increase drinking behaviors given increased confederate drinking but not cup touching. Methods: Nineteen healthy adults (Mage = 20.32 years) completed 2 picture description tasks; during 1 task, a confederate frequently sipped water (complete drinking gesture), and during the other, the confederate touched her cup but did not drink (partial gesture)...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582334/introducing-the-international-confederation-of-plastic-surgery-societies-icoplast
#10
Hinne A Rakhorst, Hassan Badran, Howard M Clarke, Rodney Cooter, Gregory R D Evans, Julio Daniel Kirschbaum, Kyung Suk Koh, Carol Lazier, Robert X Murphy, Takashi Nakatsuka, Nelson Sarto Piccolo, Graeme Perks
This paper describes the formation of the International Confederation of Plastic Surgery, ICOPLAST, as a novel, transparent, dynamic, and pro-active confederation of national plastic surgery societies. ICOPLAST aspires to provide a voice for the entire international community of plastic surgeons.ICOPLAST has been designed to benefit the patient, plastic surgery as a profession and each individual plastic surgeon. Its principal objective is to enhance international communication, education, and advocacy processes to ultimately improve patient outcomes for plastic surgery patients globally...
June 1, 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497502/improving-outcome-of-fungal-diseases-guiding-experts-and-patients-towards-excellence
#11
Oliver A Cornely, Cornelia Lass-Flörl, Katrien Lagrou, Valentina Arsic-Arsenijevic, Martin Hoenigl
Invasive fungal infections are on the rise and during recent years understanding the epidemiology of fungal infections improved. Over 1 billion people are affected and 25 million patients are at imminent risk of severe organ damage or death due to fungal infection. The European Confederation of Medical Mycology (ECMM), founded in 1993, is the roof organisation of 23 National Medical Mycology Societies in Europe. ECMM fights fungal infections at various levels, by creating and distributing scientific knowledge and promoting scientific exchange...
May 12, 2017: Mycoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481667/practices-of-nigerian-physiotherapists-with-respect-to-lifestyle-risk-factor-assessment-and-intervention-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#12
Ukachukwu Okoroafor Abaraogu, Mary Oguma Ogaga, Elizabeth Dean
BACKGROUND: Resolutions of the World Health Organization and World Confederation for Physical Therapy declare health promotion a priority for health professionals including physiotherapists. OBJECTIVE: To describe lifestyle-related risk factor assessment and intervention practices of Nigerian physiotherapists, their perceived barriers to such practices, and education needs. METHODS: Physiotherapists (n = 650) were invited to complete a questionnaire with 23 questions about respondent demographics, lifestyle risk factor assessment, and management practices; barriers to such practices; and related education needs...
May 8, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471813/challenging-authority-during-an-emergency-the-effect-of-a-teaching-intervention
#13
Zeev Friedman, Vsovolod Perelman, Duncan McLuckie, Meghan Andrews, Laura M K Noble, Archana Malavade, M Dylan Bould
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has shown that residents were unable to effectively challenge a superior's wrong decision during a crisis situation, a problem that can contribute to preventable mortality. We aimed to assess whether a teaching intervention enabled residents to effectively challenge clearly wrong clinical decisions made by their staff. SUBJECTS AND INTERVENTION: Following ethics board approval, second year residents were randomized to a teaching intervention targeting cognitive skills needed to challenge a superior's decision, or a control group receiving general crisis management instruction...
April 29, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443035/next-speakers-plan-their-turn-early-and-speak-after-turn-final-go-signals
#14
Mathias Barthel, Antje S Meyer, Stephen C Levinson
In conversation, turn-taking is usually fluid, with next speakers taking their turn right after the end of the previous turn. Most, but not all, previous studies show that next speakers start to plan their turn early, if possible already during the incoming turn. The present study makes use of the list-completion paradigm (Barthel et al., 2016), analyzing speech onset latencies and eye-movements of participants in a task-oriented dialogue with a confederate. The measures are used to disentangle the contributions to the timing of turn-taking of early planning of content on the one hand and initiation of articulation as a reaction to the upcoming turn-end on the other hand...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439248/effects-of-promotion-and-compunction-interventions-on-real-intergroup-interactions-promotion-helps-but-high-compunction-hurts
#15
Katy Greenland, Dimitrios Xenias, Gregory R Maio
HIGHLIGHTS  We show the promotion intervention has positive effects during intergroup contact, but that high levels of compunction can have negative effects. Intergroup contact is probably the longest standing and most comprehensively researched intervention to reduce discrimination. It is also part of ordinary social experience, and a key context in which discrimination is played out. In this paper, we explore two additional interventions which are also designed to reduce discrimination, but which have not yet been applied to real intergroup interactions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428002/performance-during-competition-and-competition-outcome-in-relation-to-testosterone-and-cortisol-among-women
#16
Andrea Henry, Jason R Sattizahn, Greg J Norman, Sian L Beilock, Dario Maestripieri
A contribution to a special issue on Hormones and Human Competition. This study investigated the relation between competition, testosterone (T), and cortisol (C) in women. One hundred and twenty female participants competed against a male confederate in a computerized laboratory task. The task was preprogrammed so that half the women won and half of the women lost the competition. T and C concentrations were measured in saliva samples collected at four time points before and after the competition. Accuracy and reaction time during the competition were recorded...
May 23, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422297/piecing-together-the-aggression-puzzle-testing-the-mediating-variables-linking-early-to-later-aggression
#17
Christopher P Barlett, Kaitlyn M Helmstetter, Douglas A Kowalewski, Logan Pezzillo
Results from several studies show that early aggression predicts later aggression; however, few studies have examined the mediating mechanisms in these relations. The paucity of research that has tested mediation found that aggressive motives and hostile attributions are important causal processes. This past work is limited by not measuring aggression multiple times throughout the study to test aggression change over time and the variables that mediate such change. The current study had participants (N = 90) interact with a same-sex confederate on a modified version of the Tangram Task-our measure of aggressive behavior-for three trials...
April 19, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405353/effects-of-25-mg-oxazepam-on-emotional-mimicry-and-empathy-for-pain-a-randomized-controlled-experiment
#18
Gustav Nilsonne, Sandra Tamm, Armita Golkar, Karolina Sörman, Katarina Howner, Marianne Kristiansson, Andreas Olsson, Martin Ingvar, Predrag Petrovic
Emotional mimicry and empathy are mechanisms underlying social interaction. Benzodiazepines have been proposed to inhibit empathy and promote antisocial behaviour. First, we aimed to investigate the effects of oxazepam on emotional mimicry and empathy for pain, and second, we aimed to investigate the association of personality traits to emotional mimicry and empathy. Participants (n=76) were randomized to 25 mg oxazepam or placebo. Emotional mimicry was examined using video clips with emotional expressions...
March 2017: Royal Society Open Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400712/inverted-u-shaped-curvilinear-relationship-between-challenge-and-one-s-intrinsic-motivation-evidence-from-event-related-potentials
#19
Qingguo Ma, Guanxiong Pei, Liang Meng
The balance between task demand and one's competence is critical for the maintenance of intrinsic motivation. According to Flow theory and Self-determination theory, optimal challenge gives rise to the maximum intrinsic motivation, and an inverted U-shaped curvilinear relationship between perceived challenge and one's intrinsic motivation is suggested. In order to provide direct experimental evidences for predictions of these theories, in this study, we employed the two-player StopWatch game that we previously designed, which made references to the game format of a badminton tournament...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375496/a-review-and-survey-of-neurosurgeon-hospital-relationships-evolution-and-options
#20
Dong H Kim, Bernard Duco, Daniel Wolterman, Charles Stokes, Rod Brace, Robert A Solomon, Nicholas Barbaro, Richard Westmark, David MacDougall, James Bean, Joanna O'Leary, Nicole Moayeri, Ralph G Dacey, Mitchel S Berger, Robert Harbaugh
As healthcare delivery shifts from fee-for-service, episodic care to pay for performance and population health, both hospitals and physicians are looking for new forms of integration. A number of regulations and restrictions govern physician relationships with hospitals. In this paper, we review the legal basis for such relationships and the options available. We also survey neurosurgeons and hospital executives to gain their perspective on the current situation and likely future. Two series of structured interviews were conducted with 10 neurosurgeons who work in a range of situations in diverse markets, and with Memorial Hermann Healthcare System senior executive leadership...
April 1, 2017: Neurosurgery
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