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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073554/an-overview-of-cyanobacterial-bloom-occurrences-and-research-in-africa-over-the-last-decade
#1
REVIEW
L L Ndlela, P J Oberholster, J H Van Wyk, P H Cheng
Cyanobacterial blooms are a current cause for concern globally, with vital water sources experiencing frequent and increasingly toxic blooms in the past decade. These increases are resultant of both anthropogenic and natural factors, with climate change being the central concern. Of the more affected parts of the world, Africa has been considered particularly vulnerable due to its historical predisposition and lag in social economic development. This review collectively assesses the available information on cyanobacterial blooms in Africa as well as any visible trends associated with reported occurrences over the last decade...
December 2016: Harmful Algae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064351/orthopedic-trauma-surgery-and-hospital-cost-analysis-in-refugees-the-effect-of-the-syrian-civil-war
#2
Altuğ Duramaz, Mustafa Gökhan Bilgili, Berhan Bayram, Nezih Ziroğlu, Alkan Bayrak, Mustafa Cevdet Avkan
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the musculoskeletal injury types, injury mechanisms, surgical techniques and treatment costs of Syrian refugees. METHODS: Totally 158 patients (67 female, 91 male) treated in our clinic in 34 months period between January 2012 and October 2014 were included in the study. The mean age of the patients was 39.3 years (range: 18-82 years). The patients were evaluated for age, gender, mechanism of injury, location and type of fracture, presence of accompanying injuries, injury severity score, surgical technique, complications, mortality/morbidity and treatment cost...
January 7, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042637/retrospective-analysis-of-patients-with-burn-injury-treated-in-a-burn-center-in-turkey-during-the-syrian-civil-war
#3
Yucel Yuce, Hakan A Acar, Kutlu H Erkal, Nur B Arditi
To report the management of burn injuries that occured in the Syria civil war, which were referred to our burn center. Methods: Forty-three patients with burns, injured in the civil war in Syria and whom were referred to Dr. Lütfi Kırdar Kartal Educating and Training Hospital Burn Centre of İstanbul, Turkey between 2011-2015 were analyzed in a retrospective study. Results: Most of our patients were in major burn classification (93%; 40/43) and most of them had burns greater than 15% total on body surface area...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018119/demystifying-the-victimized-state-a-civil-military-crisis-in-waiting
#4
Ross McGarry
The purpose of this article is to illustrate prescient issues relating to current and ex-military communities in the United Kingdom who have featured heavily within the policy arena over the past decade in relation to several key areas of importance. It will be illustrated how this population becomes visible within the public imagination (via military losses), how discourses relating to the harms they experience are structured and articulated within political and policy domains (particularly in relation to mental health) via "state talk" (qua Sim), and what the potential social consequences are for politically rendering an unproblematized populist view of current and ex-military communities (i...
January 2017: Illness, Crises, and Loss
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003244/the-alcohol-use-disorders-identification-test-audit-exploring-the-factor-structure-and-cutoff-thresholds-in-a-representative-post-conflict-population-in-northern-uganda
#5
Alden Hooper Blair, Margo Ellen Pearce, Achilles Katamba, Samuel S Malamba, Herbert Muyinda, Martin T Schechter, Patricia M Spittal
AIMS: Despite increased use of the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT) in sub-Saharan Africa, few studies have assessed its underlying conceptual framework, and none have done so in post-conflict settings. Further, significant inconsistencies exist between definitions used for problematic consumption. Such is the case in Uganda, facing one of the highest per-capita alcohol consumption levels regionally, which is thought to be hindering rebuilding in the North after two decades of civil war...
December 20, 2016: Alcohol and Alcoholism: International Journal of the Medical Council on Alcoholism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003204/nonviolent-civil-insecurity-is-negatively-associated-with-subsequent-height-for-age-in-children-aged-5-y-born-between-1998-and-2014-in-rural-areas-of-africa
#6
Amelia F Darrouzet-Nardi
BACKGROUND: Civil wars and wars between states have occurred less frequently since the start of the 21st century, but civil insecurity outside the contexts of official wars continues to plague many parts of the world. The nutritional consequences of civil insecurity may disproportionately affect children, especially if experienced during sensitive developmental periods. OBJECTIVES: This study estimated the associations between localized nonviolent and violent civil insecurity during key child nutritional periods and subsequent height-for-age z scores (HAZs) in 145,948 children born between 1998 and 2014 in Africa and examined the type of place of residence as a mediating factor...
December 21, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983970/the-new-situation-of-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-after-syrian-civil-war-in-gaziantep-city-southeastern-region-of-turkey
#7
Ahmet Özkeklikçi, Mehmet Karakuş, Yusuf Özbel, Seray Töz
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is an important public health problem with around 2.000 autochthonous reported cases each year in Turkey. Due to the civil war in Syria, Turkey received around three million refugees and they are mainly located at either camps or homes in south/southeastern part of Turkey. In the present study, we aimed to collect samples from CL suspected patients admitting to State Hospital in Gaziantep City and perform parasitological and DNA-based techniques for diagnosis as well as species identification of the parasite for better understanding the prevalence of each species among Turkish and Syrian patients in the region...
February 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27960534/ptsd-symptoms-among-tsunami-exposed-mothers-in-sri-lanka-the-role-of-disaster-exposure-culturally-specific-coping-strategies-and-recovery-efforts
#8
Thulitha Wickrama, K A S Wickrama, Alyssa Banford, Jessica Lambert
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Women in Sri Lanka have been uniquely exposed to a complex and protracted set of stressors stemming from a civil war conflict spanning over 25 years and the tsunami which struck Southeast Asia in 2004. This study investigates coping strategies and their association with trauma-related symptoms of tsunami-exposed mothers in Sri Lanka at two time points. DESIGN: Data for this study come from surveys administered in two waves of data collection to investigate both mothers' and adolescent children's post-tsunami mental health in early 2005, three months after the tsunami struck, and again in 2008, three years later...
December 29, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957458/public-health-in-serbia-through-the-lens-of-security-a-review-article
#9
REVIEW
Vanja Rokvić, Zoran Jeftić, Vladimir Ajzenhamer
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the concept of health security has received an international dimension. However, despite evident links between health and security the concept of health security is not used in either academic or political discourse in Serbia. It comes as no surprise then that even though the issue of security challenges is present in Serbian legislation, it has not been incorporated into the National Security Strategy, by which health threats would be recognized as one of contemporary security priorities...
September 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943280/war-and-disaster-in-sri-lanka-implications-for-widows-family-adjustment-and-perception-of-self-efficacy-in-caring-for-one-s-family
#10
Alyssa Banford Witting, Jessica Lambert, Thulitha Wickrama
The data for this study were collected in 2014 from widows in Eastern Sri Lanka whose spouses died in the civil war, tsunami, or from health-related problems. Conservation of resources (COR) theory was used as a lens to examine the extent to which war and tsunami-related damages and family problems predict variation in social support, family adjustment and a perception of self-efficacy in caring for one's family as reported by widowed women. We also investigated whether social support from the community and social support from family and friends mediated those relationships...
December 12, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936425/did-a-lucky-shot-sink-the-submarine-h-l-hunley
#11
Rachel M Lance, Henry Warder, Cameron R Dale Bass
The H.L. Hunley was the first submarine to be successful in combat, sinking the Union vessel Housatonic outside Charleston Harbor in 1864 during the Civil War. However, despite marking a milestone in military history, little is known about this vessel or why it sank. One popular theory is the "lucky shot" theory: the hypothesis that small arms fire from the crew of the Housatonic may have sufficiently damaged the submarine to sink it. However, ballistic experiments with cast iron samples, analysis of historical experiments firing Civil War-era projectiles at cast iron samples, and calculation of the tidal currents and sinking trajectory of the submarine indicate that this theory is not likely...
December 2, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930317/impact-of-the-syrian-refugee-crisis-on-land-use-and-transboundary-freshwater-resources
#12
Marc François Müller, Jim Yoon, Steven M Gorelick, Nicolas Avisse, Amaury Tilmant
Since 2013, hundreds of thousands of refugees have migrated southward to Jordan to escape the Syrian civil war that began in mid-2011. Evaluating impacts of conflict and migration on land use and transboundary water resources in an active war zone remains a challenge. However, spatial and statistical analyses of satellite imagery for the recent period of Syrian refugee mass migration provide evidence of rapid changes in land use, water use, and water management in the Yarmouk-Jordan river watershed shared by Syria, Jordan, and Israel...
December 27, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914552/preserved-brains-from-the-spanish-civil-war-mass-grave-1936-at-la-pedraja1-burgos-spain
#13
Fernando Serrulla, Lourdes Herrasti, Carmen Navarro, Jose Luis Cascallana, Ana Maria Bermejo, Nicholas Marquez-Grant, Francisco Etxeberria
During the excavation of the Spanish Civil War mass grave at La Pedraja (Burgos, Spain), 104 individuals were found interred within it, 45 of which displayed brains that were preserved but dehydrated and reduced in size. This exceptional finding has resulted in the formation of a multidisciplinary team, with the aim of obtaining as much information as possible and to primarily understand the taphonomic phenomena that has led to the preservation of these brains. The following types of analyses were undertaken on three of these brains: macroscopy, histology, radiology, chemical-toxicology, genetics, chemical analysis of the soil and 3D modelling for stereolithography...
December 2016: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907232/analyzing-and-interpreting-lime-burials-from-the-spanish-civil-war-1936-1939-a-case-study-from-la-carcavilla-cemetery
#14
Eline M J Schotsmans, Almudena García-Rubio, Howell G M Edwards, Tasnim Munshi, Andrew S Wilson, Luis Ríos
Over 500 victims of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) were buried in the cemetery of La Carcavilla (Palencia, Spain). White material, observed in several burials, was analyzed with Raman spectroscopy and powder XRD, and confirmed to be lime. Archaeological findings at La Carcavilla's cemetery show that the application of lime was used in an organized way, mostly associated with coffinless interments of victims of Francoist repression. In burials with a lime cast, observations made it possible to draw conclusions regarding the presence of soft tissue at the moment of deposition, the sequence of events, and the presence of clothing and other evidence...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903839/the-effect-of-brain-tomography-findings-on-mortality-in-sniper-shot-head-injuries
#15
Çağdaş Can, M Bolatkale, A Sarıhan, Y Savran, A Ç Acara, M Bulut
OBJECTIVES: Penetrating gunshot head injuries have a poor prognosis and require prompt care. Brain CT is a routine component of the standard evaluation of head wounds and suspected brain injury. We aimed to investigate the effect of brain CT findings on mortality in gunshot head injury patients who were admitted to our emergency department (ED) from the Syrian Civil War. METHODS: The study group comprised patients who were admitted to the ED with gunshot brain injury...
November 30, 2016: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902387/characterization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-at-tripoli-medical-center-libya-between-2008-and-2014
#16
Elloulu BenDarif, Asma Khalil, Abdunnabi Rayes, Emad Bennour, Abdulgader Dhawi, John J Lowe, Shawn Gibbs, Richard V Goering
Bacterial pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) represent a well-known public health problem affecting both healthcare-associated and community populations. Past studies have clearly shown the value of characterizing problem organisms including MRSA through the use of molecular techniques (i.e. strain typing), with the aim of informing local, regional and national efforts in epidemiological analysis and infection control. The country of Libya represents a challenge for such analysis due to limited historical infectious disease information and major political unrest culminating in the Libyan Civil War (Libyan Revolution) in 2011...
December 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871718/aza%C3%A3-%C3%A3-n-s-disease-a-19th-century-epidemic-of-neurolathyrism-in-spain
#17
REVIEW
S Giménez-Roldán, P S Spencer
The cultivation and consumption of grasspea (Lathyrus sativus) in Spain probably dates back centuries, especially during times of famine when the neurotoxic potential of this legume was expressed in the form of a spastic paraparesis known as neurolathyrism. Little known outside the country, the epidemic of neurolathyrism in the years following the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939) came to affect more than a thousand people. In late 1872, during the Six Years Revolutionary Term, young Alejandro San Martín Satrústegui (1847-1908), then editor of the popular weekly El Siglo Médico, travelled to Azañón, a remote village in the province of Guadalajara, to clarify a so-far unknown disease...
December 2016: Revue Neurologique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827006/did-napoleon-suffer-from-chronic-rhonchopathy
#18
Claude-Henri Chouard
CONCLUSION: If Napoleon had been treated, Europa would then have doubtless been different, and perhaps would not have known the last two World wars. OBJECTIVES: This study plans to demonstrate that Napoleon very probably suffered from Chronic Rhonchopathy. BACKGROUND: Between 1983-1993, the author led their ENT department of CHU Saint-Antoine to contribute in the knowledge of chronic snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apneas Syndrome (OSAS), and to define the treatment of their consequences...
November 9, 2016: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795918/the-prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-depression-in-policing-a-cross-sectional-study-in-sri-lanka
#19
Nuwan D Wickramasinghe, Pushpa R Wijesinghe, Samath D Dharmaratne, Suneth B Agampodi
BACKGROUND: Policing is regarded as a high-risk profession for the development of mental health disturbances owing to various critical incidents and potential traumatic events they encounter. Exploration of mental health problems in policing in Sri Lanka, which recently concluded a civil war expanded over three decades, is a timely, yet, a neglected issue. Hence, the present study was conducted with the aim of determining the prevalence and associated factors of depression among police officers in the Kandy police division, Sri Lanka...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27781004/biosocial-approaches-to-the-2013-2016-ebola-pandemic
#20
Eugene T Richardson, Mohamed Bailor Barrie, J Daniel Kelly, Yusupha Dibba, Songor Koedoyoma, Paul E Farmer
Despite more than 25 documented outbreaks of Ebola since 1976, our understanding of the disease is limited, in particular the social, political, ecological, and economic forces that promote (or limit) its spread. In the following study, we seek to provide new ways of understanding the 2013-2016 Ebola pandemic. We use the term, 'pandemic,' instead of 'epidemic,' so as not to elide the global forces that shape every localized outbreak of infectious disease. By situating life histories via a biosocial approach, the forces promoting or retarding Ebola transmission come into sharper focus...
June 2016: Health and Human Rights
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