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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632612/clean-analgesia-a-civil-war-tin-for-pills-of-opium%C3%A2-and-soap
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625072/depression-and-anxiety-among-war-widows-of-nepal-a-post-civil-war-cross-sectional-study
#2
Syaron Basnet, Pragya Kandel, Prabhat Lamichhane
Thousands of Nepalese women were widowed as a consequence of a decade (1996-2006) long civil war in Nepal. These women are at grave risk of mental health problems due to both traumatic experiences and violation of natural order of widowhood. The present study explores the depression and anxiety among war-widows. In 2012, a cross-sectional study was designed to interview 358 war-widows using validitated Beck Depression Inventory and Beck Anxiety Inventory in four districts of Nepal - Bardiya, Surkhet, Sindhupalchowk and Kavrepalanchowk with history of high conflict intensity...
June 19, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578649/peptides-against-autoimmune-neurodegeneration
#3
Alexey Stepanov, Yakov Lomakin, Alexander Gabibov, Alexey Belogurov
The mammalian immune system is a nearly perfect defensive system polished by a hundred million years of evolution. Unique flexibility and adaptivity have created a virtually impenetrable barrier to numerous exogenous pathogens that are assaulting us every moment. Unfortunately, triggers that remain mostly enigmatic will sometimes persuade the immune system to retarget against self-antigens. This civil war remains underway, showing no mercy and taking no captives, eventually leading to irreversible pathological changes in the human body...
June 4, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551916/-high-velocity-penetrating-head-and-neck-injuries-of-syrian-civil-war-casualties-treated-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#4
Ohad Ronen, Nidal Assadi, Eyal Sela
INTRODUCTION: For two years the State of Israel has been treating casualties from the Syrian civil war. The Galilee Medical Center in Nahariya is the main hospital for this humanitarian mission. Objectives: To evaluate the demographic and clinical characteristics of the casualties that were treated in our department. METHODS: Information from medical records of all Syrian casualties evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center were evaluated. RESULTS: Between March 2013 and December 2014, 450 casualties were evacuated to the Galilee Medical Center...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551912/-bacteria-without-borders-a-high-carriage-rate-of-antibiotic-resistant-bacteria-among-syrian-children-hospitalized-in-galilee-medical-center
#5
Diana Faour Kassem, Naama Shahar, Smadar Ocampo, Tarif Bader, Zeev Zonis, Daniel Glikman
INTRODUCTION: As the civil war in Syria enters its fifth year, the Israeli government continues to provide humanitarian aid to Syrian civilians in Israeli hospitals. Many wounded Syrian children are treated at the Galilee Medical Center (GMC). Due to the patients' incomplete medical history and increasing infection rates in Syria, contact isolation and screening cultures for multi-drug resistant bacteria (MDR's) are conducted upon admission for all Syrian children. AIMS: To describe the rate of MDR carriage in Syrian children and compare it to hospitalized Israeli children...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551903/-against-all-odds-promoting-research-clinical-development-and-medical-services-of-the-conflict-in-the-galilee-medical-center
#6
Jacob Bornstein
The Galilee Medical Center (GMC) is unique in several aspects. Firstly, in the clinical aspect: In recent years, led by the Director of Medical Center, Dr. Masad Barhoum, a considerable momentum of development has taken place to reduce health discrepancies between the center and the periphery. Despite the under- financing of the health system in the Galilee, the GMC opened new clinical departments, introduced advanced medical technology and key staff members were added. This approach is depicted in publications presented in the current issue...
May 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546640/civil-society-in-a-divided-society-linking-legitimacy-and-ethnicness-of-civil-society-organizations-in-bosnia-herzegovina
#7
Randall Puljek-Shank, Willemijn Verkoren
Civil society (CS) strengthening is central to peacebuilding policies for divided, post-war societies. However, it has been criticized for creating internationalized organizations without local backing, unable to represent citizens' interests. Based on in-depth empirical research in Bosnia-Herzegovina, this article focuses on the legitimacy of CS organizations (CSOs). It explores why legitimacy for donors rarely accompanies legitimacy for local actors. We hypothesized that whilst donors avoid supporting mono-ethnic organizations, seen as problematic for peacebuilding, 'ethnicness' may provide local legitimacy...
June 2017: Cooperation and Conflict
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543662/inclusion-access-and-civility-in-public-bioethics
#8
Rebecca Dresser
I could tell many war stories about my experience serving on the President's Council on Bioethics-one of the most controversial national bioethics commissions so far-but I want to focus instead on how the experience influenced my views on bioethics, politics, and the potential contributions of national commissions. The executive order that established the Council directed it to consider policy questions, but it spoke primarily of providing a forum for national discussion, inquiry, and education. In this sense, the Council's mission departed from that of other national bioethics commissions, which have had more direct policy functions...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536553/succumbing-to-the-call-of-violence-sex-linked-development-of-appetitive-aggression-in-relation-to-familial-and-organized-violence
#9
Mareike Augsburger, Danie Meyer-Parlapanis, Thomas Elbert, Corina Nandi, Manassé Bambonye, Anselm Crombach
Appetitive aggression is the attraction to violent behavior, which can peak in the experience of a combat high. In various war and conflict scenarios, members of armed groups have reported developing a desire to hunt and even kill humans. More recently, we reported that the phenomenon has also been observed in female ex-combatants with varying participation in warfare. Despite recent investigations on risk factors for appetitive aggression, sex-specific pathways in the development of appetitive aggression have not yet been delineated...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530772/characteristics-of-the-injuries-of-syrian-refugees-sustained-during-the-civil-war
#10
Betül Kocamer Şimşek, Mehmet Dokur, Erdal Uysal, Necdet Çalıker, Oruç Numan Gökçe, İbrahim Kürşat Deniz, Murat Uğur, Murat Geyik, Mehmet Kaya, Güner Dağlı
BACKGROUND: During a war, many civilians are severely injured by firearms, bombs, and shrapnel. The triage of war injuries involves difficult and complicated processes requiring surgical procedures and patient monitoring in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) of hospitals. In this study, we examine the demographic, traumatic, and critical care characteristics of cases injured during the civil war in Syria and requiring emergency surgery. METHODS: Electronic data of the traumatic, surgical, and ICU monitoring features of 707 patients admitted to Kilis Public Hospital between March 2012 and January 2013 were analyzed retrospectively RESULTS: Most of the patients reported having been injured due to firearms (83...
May 2017: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527534/austerity-and-the-sector-wide-approach-to-health-the-mozambique-experience
#11
James Pfeiffer, Sarah Gimbel, Baltazar Chilundo, Stephen Gloyd, Rachel Chapman, Kenneth Sherr
Fiscal austerity policies imposed by the IMF have reduced investments in social services, leaving post-independence nations like Mozambique struggling to recover from civil war and high disease burden. By 2000, a sector-wide approach (SWAp) was promoted to maximize aid effectiveness. 'Like-minded' bilateral donors, from Europe and Canada, promoted a unified approach to health sector support focusing on joint planning, common basket funding, and streamlined monitoring and evaluation to improve sector coordination, amplify country ownership, and build sustainable health systems...
May 4, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502257/physics-moves-to-the-provinces-the-siberian-physics-community-and-soviet-power-1917-1940
#12
Paul Josephson, Aleksandr Sorokin
The rich tradition of Siberian science and higher education is little known outside Russian academic circles. Using institutional history, this article focuses on the founding and pre-war period of the Siberian Physical Technical Institute, the establishment of its research focus and its first difficult steps to become a leading centre of R & D in Siberia. Based on archival materials, the article describes how local and national physicists justified the institute's creation by demonstrating ties with industry and building on the presence of a cohort of locally trained physicists, whose numbers were augmented by Leningrad specialists...
May 15, 2017: British Journal for the History of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495107/helping-hands-across-a-war-torn-border-the-israeli-medical-effort-treating-casualties-of-the-syrian-civil-war
#13
Hany Bahouth, Amir Shlaifer, Avraham Yitzhak, Elon Glassberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 5, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469988/polio-in-syria-problem-still-not-solved
#14
Ahmad Al-Moujahed, Fares Alahdab, Heba Abolaban, Leo Beletsky
The reappearance of polio in Syria in mid-2013, 18 years after it was eliminated from the country, manifests the public health catastrophe brought on by the civil war. Among the lessons learned, this outbreak emphasizes the importance of increasing the international financial and logistical support for vaccine and immunization efforts, especially in countries suffering from conflicts. The lack of access to polio accredited laboratory or outright lack of laboratories in settings of conflict should be recognized allowing international surveillance to be strengthened by supplementing the laboratory definition with the clinical definition...
April 2017: Avicenna Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462701/depleted-uranium-and-human-health
#15
Armando Faa, Clara Gerosa, Daniela Fanni, Giuseppe Floris, Peter Van Eyken, Joanna Izabela Lachowicz, Valeria Marina Nurchi
Depleted uranium (DU) is generally considered an emerging pollutant, first extensively introduced into environment in the early nineties in Iraq, during the military operation called "Desert Storm". DU has been hypothesized to represent a hazardous element both for soldiers exposed as well as for the inhabitants of the polluted areas in the war zones. In this review, the possible consequences on human health of DU released in the environment are critically analyzed. In the first part, the chemical properties of DU and the principal civil and military uses are summarized...
April 25, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453719/civil-war-contested-sovereignty-and-the-limits-of-global-health-partnerships-a-case-study-of-the-syrian-polio-outbreak-in-2013
#16
Jonathan Kennedy, Domna Michailidou
States and the World Health Organization (WHO), an international organization that is mandated to respect the sovereignty of its member states, are still the leading actors in global health. This paper explores how this discrepancy inhibits the ability of global health partnerships to implement programmes in conflict-affected areas that are under the de facto control of rebel organizations. We concentrate on a single crucial case, the polio outbreak in Syria in 2013, analysing a variety of qualitative data-twenty semi-structured interviews with key actors, official documents, and media reports-in order to investigate the events that preceded and followed this event...
June 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28452181/the-1970-bhola-cyclone-nationalist-politics-and-the-subsistence-crisis-contract-in-bangladesh
#17
Naomi Hossain
The devastating Bhola cyclone in November 1970 is credited with having triggered the political events that led to the division of Pakistan and the creation of Bangladesh in 1971. A callous response to the disaster by the Pakistani regime resulted in a landslide electoral victory for Bengali nationalists, followed by a bitter and bloody civil war. Yet, despite its political momentousness, the Bhola cyclone has been the subject of little political analysis. This paper examines the events, arguing that its extraordinary political significance put disaster management on the nationalist agenda; the famine of 1974 confirmed its centrality, producing a social contract to protect the population against disasters and subsistence crises on which the country's acclaimed resilience to the effects of climate change rests...
April 28, 2017: Disasters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439821/epigenesis-and-the-rationality-of-nature-in-william-harvey-and-margaret-cavendish
#18
Benjamin Goldberg
The generation of animals was a difficult phenomenon to explain in the seventeenth century, having long been a problem in natural philosophy, theology, and medicine. In this paper, I explore how generation, understood as epigenesis, was directly related to an idea of rational nature. I examine epigenesis-the idea that the embryo was constructed part-by-part, over time-in the work of two seemingly dissimilar English philosophers: William Harvey, an eclectic Aristotelian, and Margaret Cavendish, a radical materialist...
June 2017: History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410703/frequency-and-outcomes-of-new-patients-with-pulmonary-tuberculosis-in-hatay-province-after-syrian-civil-war
#19
Sibel Doğru, Pınar Döner
OBJECTIVE: It is known that tuberculosis is frequently seen among refugees. Hatay province is one of the cities that substantially expose to migration of refugees after Syrian civil war. In this study, it was aimed to compare frequency of new pulmonary tuberculosis (PTB) cases and treatment success/cure rates between Turkish and Syrian patients. FINDINGS: The study included 211 patients with PTB (178 Turkish and 33 Syrian patients) registered to Hatay Tuberculosis Outpatient Clinic between 2010 and 2013...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395641/change-and-innovation-in-the-funeral-industry
#20
Virginia R Beard, William C Burger
The "modern" or traditional funeral, as it is known in the funeral industry today, that includes embalming, casket, service, and burial in a cemetery, emerged as a result of four forces in American society: the Industrial Revolution, the Civil War, the emergence of a genteel code of conduct as a result of increased wealth in our society, and changing cultural views toward death. While the traditional funeral ritual remains the most popular funeral selection in the United States today, the industry is experiencing changes that are reshaping the death rituals and methods of body disposal...
May 2017: Omega
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