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Cmt, charcot marie tooth disease, cmt4b1, myelin,

Tatsufumi Murakami, Yumiko Kutoku, Hirotake Nishimura, Makiko Hayashi, Akiko Abe, Kiyoshi Hayasaka, Yoshihide Sunada
Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 4B1 (CMT4B1) is a rare autosomal recessive demyelinating neuropathy caused by mutation of the myotubularin-related 2 (MTMR2) gene. It is characterized by a severe early-onset motor and sensory neuropathy, and myelin outfoldings on nerve biopsy. We describe a mild phenotype of CMT4B1 in a Japanese patient. She noticed difficulty in walking as an initial symptom at age 13. Her symptoms progressed slowly, and she could still walk at age 34. There was no cranial neuropathy. A nerve conduction study demonstrated demyelinating neuropathy...
November 15, 2013: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
Khriezhanuo Nakhro, Jin-Mo Park, Young Bin Hong, Ji Hoon Park, Soo Hyun Nam, Bo Ram Yoon, Jeong Hyun Yoo, Heasoo Koo, Sung-Chul Jung, Hyung-Lae Kim, Ji Yon Kim, Kyoung-Gyu Choi, Byung-Ok Choi, Ki Wha Chung
OBJECTIVE: To identify the genetic cause of an autosomal recessive demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4B (CMT4B) family. METHODS: We enrolled 14 members of a Korean family in which 3 individuals had demyelinating CMT4B phenotype and obtained distal sural nerve biopsies from all affected participants. We conducted exome sequencing on 6 samples (3 affected and 3 unaffected individuals). RESULTS: One pair of heterozygous missense mutations in the SET binding factor 1 (SBF1) gene (22q13...
July 9, 2013: Neurology
Aubree A Ng, Anne M Logan, Eric J Schmidt, Fred L Robinson
The demyelinating peripheral neuropathy Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 4B (CMT4B) is characterized by axonal degeneration and myelin outfoldings. CMT4B results from mutations in either myotubularin-related protein 2 (MTMR2; CMT4B1) or MTMR13 (CMT4B2), phosphoinositide (PI) 3-phosphatases that dephosphorylate phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns3P) and PtdIns(3,5)P2, lipids which regulate endo-lysosomal membrane traffic. The catalytically active MTMR2 and catalytically inactive MTMR13 physically associate, although the significance of this association is not well understood...
April 15, 2013: Human Molecular Genetics
Sonia Nouioua, Tarik Hamadouche, Benoit Funalot, Rafaëlle Bernard, Nora Bellatache, Radia Bouderba, Djamel Grid, Salima Assami, Traki Benhassine, Nicolas Levy, Jean-Michel Vallat, Meriem Tazir
Autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth diseases, relatively common in Algeria due to high prevalence of consanguineous marriages, are clinically and genetically heterogeneous. We report on two consanguineous families with demyelinating autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT4) associated with novel homozygous mutations in the MTMR2 gene, c.331dupA (p.Arg111LysfsX24) and PRX gene, c.1090C>T (p.Arg364X) respectively, and peculiar clinical phenotypes. The three patients with MTMR2 mutations (CMT4B1 family) had a typical phenotype of severe early onset motor and sensory neuropathy with typical focally folded myelin on nerve biopsy...
August 2011: Neuromuscular Disorders: NMD
Fred L Robinson, Ingrid R Niesman, Kristina K Beiswenger, Jack E Dixon
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4B (CMT4B) is a severe, demyelinating peripheral neuropathy characterized by slowed nerve conduction velocity, axon loss, and distinctive myelin outfolding and infolding. CMT4B is caused by recessive mutations in either myotubularin-related protein 2 (MTMR2; CMT4B1) or MTMR13 (CMT4B2). Myotubularins are phosphoinositide (PI) 3-phosphatases that dephosphorylate phosphatidylinositol 3-phosphate (PtdIns3P) and PtdIns(3,5)P(2), two phosphoinositides that regulate endosomal-lysosomal membrane traffic...
March 25, 2008: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Annalisa Bolis, Paola Zordan, Silvia Coviello, Alessandra Bolino
Myotubularin-related proteins (MTMRs) constitute a broad family of ubiquitously expressed phosphatases with 14 members in humans, of which eight are catalytically active phosphatases, while six are catalytically inactive. Active MTMRs possess 3-phosphatase activity toward both PtdIns3P and PtdIns(3, 5)P 2 poliphosphoinositides (PPIn), suggesting an involvement in intracellular trafficking and membrane homeostasis. Among MTMRs, catalytically active MTMR2 and inactive MTMR13 have a nonredundant function in nerve...
June 2007: Molecular Neurobiology
Stefano C Previtali, Angelo Quattrini, Alessandra Bolino
Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 4B (CMT4B) is a severe autosomal recessive neuropathy with demyelination and myelin outfoldings of the nerve. This disorder is genetically heterogeneous, but thus far, mutations in myotubularin-related 2 (MTMR2) and MTMR13 genes have been shown to underlie CMT4B1 and CMT4B2, respectively. MTMR2 and MTMR13 belong to a family of ubiquitously expressed proteins sharing homology with protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs). The MTMR family, which has 14 members in humans, comprises catalytically active proteins, such as MTMR2, and catalytically inactive proteins, such as MTMR13...
2007: Expert Reviews in Molecular Medicine
Kristian Tersar, Matthias Boentert, Philipp Berger, Sonja Bonneick, Carsten Wessig, Klaus V Toyka, Peter Young, Ueli Suter
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease denotes a large group of genetically heterogeneous hereditary motor and sensory neuropathies and ranks among the most common inherited neurological disorders. Mutations in the Myotubularin-Related Protein-2 (MTMR2) or MTMR13/Set-Binding Factor-2 (SBF2) genes are associated with the autosomal recessive disease subtypes CMT4B1 or CMT4B2. Both forms of CMT share similar features including a demyelinating neuropathy associated with reduced nerve conduction velocity (NCV) and focally folded myelin...
December 15, 2007: Human Molecular Genetics
Hiroshi Takashima
Inherited neuropathies are clinically and genetically heterogeneous. At least 28 genes and 12 loci have been associated with Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) and related inherited neuropathies. Most causes of inherited neuropathy have been discovered by positional cloning technique and in the past two years, the pace of CMT gene discovery has accelerated. Genetic studies have revealed the following gene mutations as the causes of inherited neuropathies; PMP22, MPZ, EGR2, SOX10, SIMPLE/LITAF, ARHGEF10 for CMT1 (autosomal dominant demyelinating form); GDAP1, MTMR2, SBF2/MTMR13, KIAA1985, NDRG1 PRX for CMT4 (autosomal recessive demyelinating form), MFN2, KIF1B, RAB7, GARS, NEFL, HSPB1, HSPB8 for CMT2 (autosomal dominant axonal form); LMNA, GAN1, KCC3, TDP1, APTX, SETX for AR-CMT2 (autosomal recessive axonal form); GIB1 for CMTX (X-linked CMT); DNM2 for CMT-DI (autosomal dominant CMT with intermediate nerve conduction velocities); and DHH for minifascicular neuropathy...
January 2006: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
Sonja Bonneick, Matthias Boentert, Philipp Berger, Suzana Atanasoski, Ned Mantei, Carsten Wessig, Klaus V Toyka, Peter Young, Ueli Suter
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) comprises a family of clinically and genetically very heterogeneous hereditary peripheral neuropathies and is one of the most common inherited neurological disorders. We have generated a mouse model for CMT type 4B1 using embryonic stem cell technology. To this end, we introduced a stop codon into the Mtmr2 locus within exon 9, at the position encoding amino acid 276 of the MTMR2 protein (E276X). Concomitantly, we have deleted the chromosomal region immediately downstream of the stop codon up to within exon 13...
December 1, 2005: Human Molecular Genetics
Annalisa Bolis, Silvia Coviello, Simona Bussini, Giorgia Dina, Celia Pardini, Stefano Carlo Previtali, Mariachiara Malaguti, Paolo Morana, Ubaldo Del Carro, Maria Laura Feltri, Angelo Quattrini, Lawrence Wrabetz, Alessandra Bolino
Mutations in MTMR2, the myotubularin-related 2 gene, cause autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth type 4B1 (CMT4B1). This disorder is characterized by childhood onset of weakness and sensory loss, severely decreased nerve conduction velocity, demyelination in the nerve with myelin outfoldings, and severe functional impairment of affected patients, mainly resulting from loss of myelinated fibers in the nerve. We recently generated Mtmr2-null(neo) mice, which show a dysmyelinating neuropathy with myelin outfoldings, thus reproducing human CMT4B1...
September 14, 2005: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Alessandra Bolino, Annalisa Bolis, Stefano Carlo Previtali, Giorgia Dina, Simona Bussini, Gabriele Dati, Stefano Amadio, Ubaldo Del Carro, Dolores D Mruk, Maria Laura Feltri, C Yan Cheng, Angelo Quattrini, Lawrence Wrabetz
Mutations in MTMR2, the myotubularin-related 2 gene, cause autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) type 4B1, a demyelinating neuropathy with myelin outfolding and azoospermia. MTMR2 encodes a ubiquitously expressed phosphatase whose preferred substrate is phosphatidylinositol (3,5)-biphosphate, a regulator of membrane homeostasis and vesicle transport. We generated Mtmr2-null mice, which develop progressive neuropathy characterized by myelin outfolding and recurrent loops, predominantly at paranodal myelin, and depletion of spermatids and spermatocytes from the seminiferous epithelium, which leads to azoospermia...
November 22, 2004: Journal of Cell Biology
Stefano C Previtali, Barbara Zerega, Diane L Sherman, Peter J Brophy, Giorgia Dina, Rosalind H M King, Mustafa M Salih, Laura Feltri, Angelo Quattrini, Roberto Ravazzolo, Lawrence Wrabetz, Anthony P Monaco, Alessandra Bolino
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4B1, CMT4B1, is a severe, autosomal-recessive, demyelinating peripheral neuropathy, due to mutations in the Myotubularin-related 2 gene, MTMR2. MTMR2 is widely expressed and encodes a phosphatase whose substrates include phosphoinositides. However, this does not explain how MTMR2 mutants specifically produce demyelination in the peripheral nerve. Therefore, we analysed the cellular and subcellular distribution of Mtmr2 in nerve. Mtmr2 was detected in all cytoplasmic compartments of myelin-forming Schwann cells, as well as in the cytoplasm of non-myelin-forming Schwann cells and both sensory and motorneurons...
July 15, 2003: Human Molecular Genetics
Philipp Berger, Sonja Bonneick, Susan Willi, Matthias Wymann, Ueli Suter
Mutations in the gene encoding myotubularin-related protein 2 (MTMR2) are responsible for autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease type 4B1 (CMT4B1), a severe hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy characterized by focally folded myelin sheaths and demyelination. MTMR2 belongs to the myotubularin family, which is characterized by the presence of a phosphatase domain. Myotubularin (MTM), the archetype member of this family, is mutated in X-linked myotubular myopathy. Although MTMR2 and MTM are closely related, they are likely to have different functions...
June 15, 2002: Human Molecular Genetics
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