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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877246/-chronic-graft-versus-host-disease-diagnosis-and-treatment
#1
Yoshihiro Inamoto
Chronic graft-versus-host disease (cGVHD) occurs in approximately 40% of patients who undergo allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation. It affects various organs and causes significant morbidity and mortality. The manifestations of cGVHD resemble those of autoimmune diseases. Inflammation, cellular immunity, humoral immunity, and fibrosis are implicated in cGVHD pathogenesis. The 2005 NIH consensus criteria for cGVHD have set standards for designing and reporting clinical trials, and the criteria were revised in 2014 to incorporate accumulated evidence and questions...
2018: [Rinshō Ketsueki] the Japanese Journal of Clinical Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769201/in-vitro-priming-of-adoptively-transferred-t-cells-with-a-ror%C3%AE-agonist-confers-durable-memory-and-stemness-in-vivo
#2
Xiao Hu, Kinga Majchrzak, Xikui Liu, Megan M Wyatt, Chauncey Spooner, Jacques Moisan, Weiping Zou, Laura L Carter, Chrystal M Paulos
Adoptive T cell transfer therapy is an FDA-approved treatment for leukemia that relies on the ex vivo expansion and re-infusion of a patient's immune cells, which can be engineered with a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) for more efficient tumor recognition. Type 17 T cells, controlled transcriptionally by RORγ, have been reported to mediate potent anti-tumor effects superior to those observed with conventionally expanded T cells. Here we demonstrate that addition of a synthetic, small molecule RORγ agonist during ex vivo expansion potentiates the anti-tumor activity of human Th17 and Tc17 cells redirected with a CAR...
May 16, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756667/soluble-fgl2-restricts-autoimmune-hepatitis-progression-via-suppressing-tc17-and-conventional-cd8-t-cells-function
#3
Guo Ai, Weiming Yan, Haijing Yu, Fang Xiao, Dong Xi, Ke Ma, Jiaquan Huang, Xiaoping Luo, Xiaoyang Wan, Qin Ning
OBJECTIVE: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is an inflammatory disease caused by aberrant immune response to hepatic self-antigens in which regulatory T cells (Tregs) are critical to maintain immunosupression. Soluble form of Fibrinogen-like protein 2 (sFGL2), a novel effector molecule of Treg is rarely investigated in AIH. Here, we dissected the role of sFGL2 in the autoimmune hepatitis and its potential mechanism underlying AIH progression. METHODS: Plasma and intrahepatic sFGL2 levels, as well as Treg cells were measured in both AIH patients and experimental autoimmune hepatitis (EAH) mice...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Gene Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723367/innate-immunity-and-effector-and-regulatory-mechanisms-involved-in-allergic-contact-dermatitis
#4
Marilene Chaves Silvestre, Maria Notomi Sato, Vitor Manoel Silva Dos Reis
Skin's innate immunity is the initial activator of immune response mechanisms, influencing the development of adaptive immunity. Some contact allergens are detected by Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and inflammasome NLR3. Keratinocytes participate in innate immunity and, in addition to functioning as an anatomical barrier, secrete cytokines, such as TNF, IL-1β, and IL-18, contributing to the development of Allergic Contact Dermatitis. Dendritic cells recognize and process antigenic peptides into T cells. Neutrophils cause pro-inflammatory reactions, mast cells induce migration/maturation of skin DCs, the natural killer cells have natural cytotoxic capacity, the γδ T cells favor contact with hapten during the sensitization phase, and the innate lymphoid cells act in the early stages by secreting cytokines, as well as act in inflammation and tissue homeostasis...
March 2018: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684756/modulation-of-th1-tc1-and-th17-tc17-responses-in-pulmonary-tuberculosis-by-il-20-subfamily-of-cytokines
#5
Nathella Pavan Kumar, Kadar Moideen, Vaithilingam V Banurekha, Dina Nair, Subash Babu
Although IL-10 is known to be an important cytokine in the immune response to TB, very little is known about the role of IL-20 subfamily of cytokines in the host response to TB. To identify the role of CD4+ T and CD8+ T cells producing IL-20 subfamily of cytokines in human TB, we enumerated the frequencies of IL-10, IL-19 and IL-24 expressing CD4+ and CD8+ T cells following Mtb-specific antigen stimulation of cells from individuals with pulmonary TB (PTB) and latent TB (LTB). We first demonstrated that Mtb-specific antigen induce an expansion of CD4+ and CD8+ T cells expressing IL-10, IL-19 and IL-24 in PTB and LTB individuals, with frequencies being significantly higher in PTB...
August 2018: Cytokine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662488/subretinal-injection-of-hy-peptides-induces-systemic-antigen-specific-inhibition-of-effector-cd4-and-cd8-t-cell-responses
#6
Julie Vendomèle, Safa Dehmani, Quentin Khebizi, Anne Galy, Sylvain Fisson
Purpose: Injection of an antigen into the anterior chamber of the eye induces a peripheral antigen-specific immune modulation mechanism, known as anterior chamber-associated immune deviation (ACAID). Delayed-type hypersensitivity experiments argue that the subretinal space (SR) of the eye displays properties similar to ACAID. However, no investigation was performed regarding the differential impact of a subretinal antigen injection on peripheral CD4+ versus CD8+ T cells, on the potential immune deviation regarding Th profiles, and on the antigen-specificity of the inhibition...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527790/immune-cell-and-cytokine-patterns-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-undergoing-a-remission-phase-a-longitudinal-study
#7
Ana Laura Fitas, Catarina Martins, Luís Miguel Borrego, Lurdes Lopes, Anne Jörns, Sigurd Lenzen, Catarina Limbert
OBJECTIVE: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) develops in distinct stages, before and after disease onset. Whether the natural course translates into different immunologic patterns is still uncertain. This study aimed at identifying peripheral immune patterns at key time-points, in T1D children undergoing remission phase. METHODS: Children with new-onset T1D and healthy age and gender-matched controls were recruited at a pediatric hospital. Peripheral blood samples were evaluated by flow cytometry at 3 longitudinal time-points: onset (T1), remission phase (T2) and established disease (T3)...
March 12, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29515773/interleukin-17-and-peripheral-il-17-expressing-t-cells-are-negatively-correlated-with-the-overall-survival-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#8
Meng-Hua Lee, Joseph Tung-Chieh Chang, Chun-Ta Liao, Ya-Shan Chen, Ming-Ling Kuo, Chia-Rui Shen
The presence and clinical significance of interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-17-expressing cells have recently been studied in several types of cancer, but their correlation to tumor development remains controversial. Additionally, the contribution of peripheral IL-17-expressing cells to head and neck cancer (HNC) progression is still poorly understood. We collected peripheral blood from healthy donors and HNC patients to isolate PBMCs. The percentages of IL-17-expressing cells and the production of inflammatory cytokines in PBMCs were measured to determine their association with clinical outcomes and overall survival in HNC...
February 9, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29472932/-in-vitro-generated-tc17-cells-present-a-memory-phenotype-and-serve-as-a-reservoir-of-tc1-cells-in-vivo
#9
Felipe Flores-Santibáñez, Bárbara Cuadra, Dominique Fernández, Mariana V Rosemblatt, Sarah Núñez, Pablo Cruz, Felipe Gálvez-Cancino, J César Cárdenas, Alvaro Lladser, Mario Rosemblatt, María Rosa Bono, Daniela Sauma
Memory CD8+ T cells are ideal candidates for cancer immunotherapy because they can mediate long-term protection against tumors. However, the therapeutic potential of different in vitro -generated CD8+ T cell effector subsets to persist and become memory cells has not been fully characterized. Type 1 CD8+ T (Tc1) cells produce interferon-γ and are endowed with high cytotoxic capacity, whereas IL-17-producing CD8+ T (Tc17) cells are less cytotoxic but display enhanced self-renewal capacity. We sought to evaluate the functional properties of in vitro -generated Tc17 cells and elucidate their potential to become long lasting memory cells...
2018: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467858/effects-of-iodine-131-radiotherapy-on-th17-tc17-and-treg-th17-cells-of-patients-with-differentiated-thyroid-carcinoma
#10
Lixia Zhang, Jinyan Chen, Caiyun Xu, Lili Qi, Yan Ren
T helper 17 (Th17), T cytotoxic 17 (Tc17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells serve important roles in a number of inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. The aim of the present study was to examine the distribution of Th17, Tc17 and Treg cells in patients with differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) prior to as well as 7, 30 and 90 days following radioactive iodine-131 (131 I) therapy, and to elucidate the probable effects of 131 I therapy on Th17/Tc17 and Treg/Th17 cells in patients with DTC. A total of 40 patients with DTC (26 female; 14 male) between the ages of 24 and 72 years, as well as 13 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were included in this study...
March 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464523/methotrexate-preferentially-affects-tc1-and-tc17-subset-of-cd8-t-lymphocytes
#11
Amit Sandhu, Shabeer Ahmad, Prabhdeep Kaur, Archana Bhatnagar, Veena Dhawan, Varun Dhir
Rheumatoid arthritis is considered a T-lymphocyte-mediated disease. However, studies have focussed on CD4 T-lymphocytes, ignoring CD8 T-lymphocytes despite the latter being found abundantly in the synovium. Specifically, there is little data of the effect of methotrexate, the gold-standard DMARD, on various CD8 cytokine T-lymphocyte subsets and conflicting data on CD4 subsets. In this prospective study, patients with active rheumatoid arthritis, who were 18 to 65 years of age, were treated with methotrexate (up to 25 mg per week) for 24 weeks...
February 20, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444704/hpmsc-transplantation-restoring-ovarian-function-in-premature-ovarian-failure-mice-is-associated-with-change-of-th17-tc17-and-th17-treg-cell-ratios-through-the-pi3k-akt-signal-pathway
#12
Na Yin, Yanlin Wang, Xueyan Lu, Ranran Liu, Lianshuang Zhang, Wei Zhao, Wendan Yuan, Qianqian Luo, Hao Wu, Xiying Luan, Hongqin Zhang
BACKGROUND: Human placenta-derived mesenchymal stem cell (hPMSC) transplantation has been demonstrated to be an effective way of recovering ovarian function in mice with autoimmune induced premature ovarian failure (POF). But the exact mechanism remains unclear. The goal of the present study is to investigate the role of immune factors (T-helper 17 (Th17), cytotoxic T (Tc17) and regulatory T (Treg) cells) in the recovery of ovarian function and whether the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt signal pathway is involved in the regulation...
February 14, 2018: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414833/increased-proportion-of-tc17-and-th17-cells-and-their-significant-reduction-after-thymectomy-may-be-related-to-disease-progression-in-myasthenia-gravis
#13
Mina Hosseini, Behrouz Robat-Jazi, Vahid Shaygannejad, Shahriar Naffisi, Omid Mirmossayeb, Abbas Rezaei, Marjan Mansourian, Nafiseh Esmaeil
OBJECTIVE: Myasthenia gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease mediated by autoantibodies against the neuromuscular junction. The thymus has an important role in the pathogenesis of MG because most patients have thymic pathology, and thymectomy (TE) can reduce the severity of the disease. METHODS: In this study, the frequency of Th17 and Tc17 cells was studied in 12 MG patients (pre-TE and 6 months post-TE) and in 12 healthy controls (HC). RESULTS: The frequency of Tc17 cells in the pre-TE patients was significantly higher than in the HC (p < 0...
2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396902/differentiation-of-mesenchymal-stem-cells-from-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cells-results-in-downregulation-of-c-myc-and-dna-replication-pathways-with-immunomodulation-toward-cd4-and-cd8-cells
#14
Li-Tzu Wang, Shih-Sheng Jiang, Chiao-Hsuan Ting, Pei-Ju Hsu, Chia-Chi Chang, Huey-Kang Sytwu, Ko-Jiunn Liu, B Linju Yen
Multilineage tissue-source mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) possess strong immunomodulatory properties and are excellent therapeutic agents, but require constant isolation from donors to combat replicative senescence. The differentiation of human induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) into MSCs offers a renewable source of MSCs; however, reports on their immunomodulatory capacity have been discrepant. Using MSCs differentiated from iPSCs reprogrammed using diverse cell types and protocols, and in comparison to human embryonic stem cell (ESC)-MSCs and bone marrow (BM)-MSCs, we performed transcriptome analyses and assessed for functional immunomodulatory properties...
February 3, 2018: Stem Cells
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378910/mucosal-associated-invariant-t-cells-augment-immunopathology-and-gastritis-in-chronic-helicobacter-pylori-infection
#15
Criselle D'Souza, Troi Pediongco, Huimeng Wang, Jean-Pierre Y Scheerlinck, Lyudmila Kostenko, Robyn Esterbauer, Andrew W Stent, Sidonia B G Eckle, Bronwyn S Meehan, Richard A Strugnell, Hanwei Cao, Ligong Liu, Jeffrey Y W Mak, George Lovrecz, Louis Lu, David P Fairlie, Jamie Rossjohn, James McCluskey, Alison L Every, Zhenjun Chen, Alexandra J Corbett
Mucosal-associated invariant T (MAIT) cells produce inflammatory cytokines and cytotoxic granzymes in response to by-products of microbial riboflavin synthesis. Although MAIT cells are protective against some pathogens, we reasoned that they might contribute to pathology in chronic bacterial infection. We observed MAIT cells in proximity to Helicobacter pylori bacteria in human gastric tissue, and so, using MR1-tetramers, we examined whether MAIT cells contribute to chronic gastritis in a mouse H. pylori SS1 infection model...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29369782/pharmacological-inhibitory-profile-of-tak-828f-a-potent-and-selective-orally-available-ror%C3%AE-t-inverse-agonist
#16
Akira Shibata, Keiko Uga, Takayuki Sato, Masaki Sagara, Keiko Igaki, Yoshiki Nakamura, Atsuko Ochida, Mitsunori Kono, Junya Shirai, Satoshi Yamamoto, Masashi Yamasaki, Noboru Tsuchimori
Retinoic acid-related orphan receptor γt (RORγt) is a key master regulator of the differentiation and activation of IL-17 producing CD4+ Th17, CD8+ Tc17 and IL-17/IFN-γ co-producing cells (Th1/17 cells). These cells play critical roles in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases such as inflammatory bowel disease and multiple sclerosis. Thus, RORγt is an attractive target for the treatment of these diseases. We discovered TAK-828F, an orally available potent and selective RORγt inverse agonist. The inhibitory effect on the activation and differentiation of Th17 cells by TAK-828F was evaluated in mouse and human primary cells...
April 2018: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205464/interleukin-17-family-cytokines-in-protective-immunity-against-infections-role-of-hematopoietic-cell-derived-and-non-hematopoietic-cell-derived-interleukin-17s
#17
REVIEW
Goro Matsuzaki, Masayuki Umemura
Interleukin-17 family cytokines, consisting of six members, participate in immune response in infections and autoimmune and inflammatory diseases. The prototype cytokine of the family, IL-17A, was originally identified from CD4+ T cells which are now termed Th17 cells. Later, IL-17A-producing cells were expanded to include various hematopoietic cells, namely CD8+ T cells (Tc17), invariant NKT cells, γδ T cells, non-T non-B lymphocytes (termed type 3 innate lymphoid cells) and neutrophils. Some IL-17 family cytokines other than IL-17A are also expressed by CD4+ T cells: IL-17E by Th2 cells and IL-17F by Th17 cells...
January 2018: Microbiology and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187586/live-attenuated-leishmania-donovani-centrin-gene-deleted-parasites-induce-il-23-dependent-il-17-protective-immune-response-against-visceral-leishmaniasis-in-a-murine-model
#18
Antara Banerjee, Parna Bhattacharya, Pradeep K Dagur, Subir Karmakar, Nevien Ismail, Amritanshu B Joshi, Adovi D Akue, Mark KuKuruga, John Philip McCoy, Ranadhir Dey, Hira L Nakhasi
No vaccine exists against visceral leishmaniasis. To develop effective vaccines, we have previously reported protective role of live attenuated centrin gene-deleted Leishmania donovani ( LdCen-/- ) parasites through induction of Th1 type immune response in mice, hamsters, and dogs. In this study, we specifically explored the role of Th17 cells in LdCen-/- -induced host protection in mice. Our results showed that compared with wild-type L. donovani infection, LdCen-/- parasites induce significantly higher expression of Th17 differentiation cytokines in splenic dendritic cells...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180433/a-stat3-dependent-transcriptional-circuitry-inhibits-cytotoxic-gene-expression-in-t-cells
#19
Thomas Ciucci, Melanie S Vacchio, Rémy Bosselut
CD8+ T cells are preprogrammed for cytotoxic differentiation in the thymus as they acquire expression of the transcription factor Runx3. However, a subset of effector CD8+ T cells (Tc17) produce IL-17 and fail to express cytotoxic genes. Here, we show that the transcription factors directing IL-17 production, STAT3 and RORγt, inhibit cytotoxicity despite persistent Runx3 expression. Cytotoxic gene repression did not require the transcription factor Thpok, which in CD4+ T cells restrains Runx3 functions and cytotoxicity; and STAT3 restrained cytotoxic gene expression in CD8+ T cells responding to viral infection in vivo...
December 12, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175506/cd26-expression-is-down-regulated-on-cd8-t-cells-in-patients-with-hashimoto-s-thyroiditis
#20
Yalei Liu, Yuan Li, Yan Gong, Nan Yu, Yang Zhang, Ran You, Chenxue Qu, Guizhi Lu, Youyuan Huang, Ying Gao, Yanming Gao, Xiaohui Guo
The immune mechanism underlying Hashimoto's thyroiditis (HT) remains unclear. CD26, also known as dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP-4), is a multifunctional molecule involved in the pathophysiology of autoimmune diseases. This study aimed to investigate the role of CD26 in the pathogenesis of HT. Peripheral blood was drawn from 20 healthy controls and 31 HT patients (19 mild HT patients and 12 severe HT patients). Plasma sCD26 concentrations were measured by ELISA, and sCD26 enzymatic activity was assessed using a luciferase-based assay...
January 2018: International Immunopharmacology
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