keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Horses

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915149/trans-and-paracellular-calcium-transport-along-the-small-and-large-intestine-in-horses
#1
M R Wilkens, L Marholt, N Eigendorf, A S Muscher-Banse, K Feige, B Schröder, G Breves, A Cehak
Intestinal calcium absorption plays a key role in the maintenance of calcium homeostasis and may either occur by paracellular or transcellular mechanisms. The horse has some unique peculiarities in calcium homeostasis compared to other species including a high absorptive capacity for calcium in the intestine, high plasma calcium concentrations, high renal excretion, and low plasma concentrations of vitamin D metabolites. So far, knowledge about the underlying mechanisms and the regulation of intestinal calcium absorption is still limited concerning this species...
November 30, 2016: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular & Integrative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915089/complete-mitochondrial-genome-of-parasitic-nematode-cylicocyclus-nassatus-and-comparative-analyses-with-cylicocyclus-insigne
#2
Yuan Gao, Jian-Hua Qiu, Bing-Bing Zhang, Xin Su, Xue Fu, Dong-Mei Yue, Chun-Ren Wang
Cylicocyclus nassatus is a common and important parasite in the large intestine of equine. In this study, the complete mitochondrial (mt) genome sequence of C. nassatus was determined and comparatively analysed with Cylicocyclus insigne. The mt genome size of C. nassatus was 13,846 bp, 18 bp longer than that of C. insigne. The circular mt genome includes 12 protein-coding genes, two rRNA genes, 22 tRNA genes and two non-coding regions. All the genes are transcribed in the same direction and gene arrangement is consistent with that of gene arrangement 3 (GA3)...
November 30, 2016: Experimental Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914605/simultaneous-detection-of-recombinant-growth-hormones-in-equine-plasma-by-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-doping-control
#3
Kin-Sing Wong, George H M Chan, Emmie N M Ho, Terence S M Wan
Growth hormone (GH), or somatotropin, is a protein that may enhance physical performance and facilitate growth and wound healing. For this reason, growth hormones and their recombinant analogues are prohibited in human sports by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and in horseracing under Article 6 of the International Agreement on Breeding, Racing and Wagering published by the International Federation of Horse Racing Authorities (IFHA). Identifying the illicit use of GHs in both human athletes and racehorses is challenging, especially when differentiating between endogenous and exogenous GHs, and between analogues of GH from different species...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27914350/phosphorus-flows-in-a-peri-urban-region-with-intensive-food-production-a-case-study
#4
S Bittman, S C Sheppard, D Poon, D E Hunt
Excess phosphorus (P) in peri-urban regions is an emerging issue, whereas there is global depletion of quality mined supplies of P. The flow of P across the landscape leading to regional surpluses and deficits is not well understood. We computed a regional P budget with internal P flows in a fairly discreet peri-urban region (Lower Fraser Valley, BC) with closely juxtaposed agricultural and non-agricultural urban ecosystems, in order to clarify the relationship between food production, food consumption and other activities involving use of P (e...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911931/correction-effects-of-moderate-amounts-of-barley-in-late-pregnancy-on-growth-glucose-metabolism-and-osteoarticular-status-of-pre-weaning-horses
#5
Pauline Peugnet, Morgane Robles, Luis Mendoza, Laurence Wimel, Cédric Dubois, Michèle Dahirel, Daniel Guillaume, Sylvaine Camous, Valérie Berthelot, Marie-Pierre Toquet, Eric Richard, Charlotte Sandersen, Stéphane Chaffaux, Jean-Philippe Lejeune, Anne Tarrade, Didier Serteyn, Pascale Chavatte-Palmer
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0122596.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911482/meat-quality-and-intramuscular-fatty-acid-composition-of-catria-horse
#6
Maria Federica Trombetta, Francesco Nocelli, Marina Pasquini
In order to extend scientific knowledge on autochthonous Italian equine meat, the physical-chemical parameters of Catria Horse Longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle and its nutritional characteristics have been investigated. Ten steaks of Catria foal raised at pasture and fattened indoors for 2 months were dissected, and LT muscle was analyzed for chemical composition, total iron, drip loss, colorimetric characteristics, intramuscular fat, fatty acid profile and nutritional indexes. Steak dissection showed that LT muscle accounted for 36...
December 2, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909915/a-systematic-review-of-leptospirosis-on-dogs-pigs-and-horses-in-latin-america
#7
REVIEW
Priscila S Pinto, Hugo Libonati, Walter Lilenbaum
Leptospirosis is a worldwide zoonosis which can affect many species. Control programs need accurate diagnosis to be successful, and currently, diagnosis relies on serology. It presents three main issues: the sampling, the antigen panel, and the cutoff point. Herein, we propose a systematic review on leptospirosis among dogs, pigs, and horses in Latin America in order to improve the understanding of the seroepidemiology of leptospirosis in these species in the region as well as the temporal development of the research on this topic and, consequently, improve the chances of success on control programs...
December 1, 2016: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909693/unfractionated-and-low-molecular-weight-heparin-and-the-phosphodiesterase-inhibitors-ibmx-and-cilostazol-block-ex-vivo-equid-herpesvirus-type-1-induced-platelet-activation
#8
Tracy Stokol, Priscila B D Serpa, Muhammad N Zahid, Marjory B Brooks
Equid herpes virus type-1 (EHV-1) is a major pathogen of horses, causing abortion storms and outbreaks of herpes virus myeloencephalopathy. These clinical syndromes are partly attributed to ischemic injury from thrombosis in placental and spinal vessels. The mechanism of thrombosis in affected horses is unknown. We have previously shown that EHV-1 activates platelets through virus-associated tissue factor-initiated thrombin generation. Activated platelets participate in thrombus formation by providing a surface to localize coagulation factor complexes that amplify and propagate thrombin generation...
2016: Frontiers in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908988/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-burkholderia-mallei-isolate-originating-from-a-glanderous-horse-from-the-kingdom-of-bahrain
#9
Mandy C Elschner, Prasad Thomas, Falk Melzer
Burkholderia mallei is a zoonotic agent causing glanders, a notifiable disease in equines. During the past decades glanders emerged, and the Kingdom of Bahrain reported outbreaks to the World Organization of Animal Health in 2010 and 2011. This paper presents the complete genome sequence of the Burkholderia mallei strain 11RR2811 Bahrain1.
December 1, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908984/draft-anaplasma-phagocytophilum-genome-sequences-from-five-cows-two-horses-and-one-roe-deer-collected-in-europe
#10
Thibaud Dugat, Marie-Noëlle Rossignol, Olivier Rué, Valentin Loux, Sylvain Marthey, Marco Moroldo, Cornelia Silaghi, Dirk Höper, Julia Fröhlich, Martin Pfeffer, Erich Zweygarth, Anne-Claire Lagrée, Henri-Jean Boulouis, Nadia Haddad
Anaplasma phagocytophilum is a zoonotic tick-borne intracellular bacterium responsible for granulocytic anaplasmosis. As it is difficult to isolate and cultivate, only 20 A. phagocytophilum genomes have been sequenced to date. Here, we present eight A. phagocytophilum genome sequences obtained using alternative approaches based on sequence capture technology.
December 1, 2016: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906513/smartphone-based-portable-wireless-optical-system-for-the-detection-of-target-analytes
#11
Shreedhar Gautam, Bhagwan S Batule, Hyo Yong Kim, Ki Soo Park, Hyun Gyu Park
Rapid and accurate on-site wireless measurement of hazardous molecules or biomarkers is one of the biggest challenges in nanobiotechnology. We herein describe a novel smartphone-based Portable and Wireless Optical System (PAWS) for rapid, quantitative, and on-site analysis of target analytes. As a proof-of-concept, we employed gold nanoparticles (GNP) and an enzyme, horse radish peroxidase (HRP), to generate colorimetric signals in response to two model target molecules, melamine and hydrogen peroxide, respectively...
December 1, 2016: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906466/duodenitis-proximal-jejunitis-in-horses-after-experimental-administration-of-clostridium-difficile-toxins
#12
L G Arroyo, M C Costa, B B Guest, B L Plattner, B N Lillie, J S Weese
BACKGROUND: Duodenitis-proximal jejunitis (DPJ) is an acute sporadic gastrointestinal disorder of horses of unknown cause. HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES: We hypothesize that Clostridium difficile toxins are involved in the pathogenesis of DPJ in horses. The objective of this study was to determine whether experimentally delivered C. difficile toxins cause clinical signs and histologic lesions similar to those of naturally occurring DPJ. ANIMALS: Six healthy mature mixed breed horses...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905284/parasites-determined-by-fecal-examination-in-horses-in-erzurum
#13
Hamza Avcıoğlu, Esin Güven, İbrahim Balkaya, Şevki Yavuz, Uğur Abay, Muzaffer Akyüz, Ömer Eltas
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the parasites present in horses belonging to the Erzurum Province. METHODS: Fecal samples were collected from 76 horses of different ages, genders and breeds in Erzurum. Individual fecal samples were collected and examined by flotation and sedimentation methods. RESULTS: The following species were detected: strongylid egg (57.89%), Parascaris equorum (10.52%), Dicrocoelium dendriticum (2.63%), Fasciola spp...
September 2016: Türkiye Parazitolojii Dergisi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27905141/first-case-of-sterility-associated-with-sex-chromosomal-abnormalities-in-a-jenny
#14
J Dorado, G Anaya, M Bugno-Poniewierska, A Molina, A Mendez-Sanchez, I Ortiz, M Moreno-Millán, M Hidalgo, P Peral García, S Demyda-Peyrás
Chromosomal abnormalities are one of the main causes of genetic infertility in horses. Currently, their detection rate is rising due to the use of new diagnostic tools employing molecular markers linked to the sex chromosome pair. Despite genetic similarities, there are no previous reports of sterility associated with chromosomal abnormalities in the domestic donkey (Equus asinus). Hereby, we determined the presence of a chromosomal mosaicism in a female donkey with reproductive problems using molecular methodologies developed for horses...
December 1, 2016: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903804/structural-protein-vp2-of-african-horse-sickness-virus-is-not-essential-for-virus-replication-in-vitro
#15
René G P van Gennip, Sandra G P van de Water, Christiaan A Potgieter, Piet A van Rijn
: The Reoviridae family consists of non-enveloped multi-layered viruses with a double stranded RNA genome consisting of 9 to 12 genome segments. The Orbivirus genus of the Reoviridae family contains African horse sickness virus (AHSV), bluetongue virus and epizootic haemorrhagic disease virus causing notifiable diseases and are spread by biting Culicoides species. Here, we used reverse genetics for AHSV to study the role of outer capsid protein VP2 encoded by genome segment 2 (Seg-2)...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903326/characterizing-areas-of-potential-human-exposure-to-eastern-equine-encephalitis-virus-using-serological-and-clinical-data-from-horses
#16
J-P Rocheleau, J Arsenault, N H Ogden, L R Lindsay, M Drebot, P Michel
Eastern equine encephalitis (EEE) is a rare but severe emerging vector-borne disease affecting human and animal populations in the northeastern United States where it is endemic. Key knowledge gaps remain about the epidemiology of EEE virus (EEEV) in areas where its emergence has more recently been reported. In Eastern Canada, viral activity has been recorded in mosquitoes and horses throughout the 2000s but cases of EEEV in humans have not been reported so far. This study was designed to provide an assessment of possible EEEV human exposure by modelling environmental risk factors for EEEV in horses, identifying high-risk environments and mapping risk in the province of Quebec, Canada...
December 1, 2016: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902739/degenerative-suspensory-ligament-desmitis-dsld-in-peruvian-paso-horses-is-characterized-by-altered-expression-of-tgf%C3%AE-signaling-components-in-adipose-derived-stromal-fibroblasts
#17
Wei Luo, John Sandy, Katie Trella, Daniel Gorski, Shuguang Gao, Jun Li, Sabrina Brounts, Jorge Galante, Anna Plaas
Equine degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD) in Peruvian Paso horses typically presents at 7-15 years and is characterized by lameness, focal disorganization of collagen fibrils, and chondroid deposition in the body of the ligament. With the aim of developing a test for disease risk (that can be used to screen horses before breeding) we have quantified the expression of 76 TGFβ-signaling target genes in adipose-derived stromal fibroblasts (ADSCs) from six DSLD-affected and five unaffected Paso horses...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902371/mapping-b-lymphocytes-as-major-reservoirs-of-naturally-occurring-latent-equine-herpesvirus-5-infection
#18
Zelalem Mekuria, Charles El Hage, Nino P Ficorilli, Elizabeth A Washington, James R Gilkerson, Carol Hartley
Equine herpesvirus 5 (EHV5) is a commonly detected gammaherpesvirus which, along with the closely related EHV2, constitute the only two known Percaviruses that infect horses. Apart from detection in horse populations worldwide and the recent publication of the whole genome, there is little known about the biology and pathogenesis of this virus, with many assumptions made by parallels with EHV2. The long-term survival of gammaherpesviruses within infected hosts involves the establishment and maintenance of latency in selected cell and tissues types, particularly lymphocytes...
November 30, 2016: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901465/livestock-susceptibility-to-infection-with-middle-east-respiratory-syndrome-coronavirus
#19
Júlia Vergara-Alert, Judith M A van den Brand, W Widagdo, Marta Muñoz, Stalin Raj, Debby Schipper, David Solanes, Ivan Cordón, Albert Bensaid, Bart L Haagmans, Joaquim Segalés
Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) cases continue to be reported, predominantly in Saudi Arabia and occasionally other countries. Although dromedaries are the main reservoir, other animal species might be susceptible to MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection and potentially serve as reservoirs. To determine whether other animals are potential reservoirs, we inoculated MERS-CoV into llamas, pigs, sheep, and horses and collected nasal and rectal swab samples at various times. The presence of MERS-CoV in the nose of pigs and llamas was confirmed by PCR, titration of infectious virus, immunohistochemistry, and in situ hybridization; seroconversion was detected in animals of both species...
February 15, 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901454/signalment-clinical-features-and-outcome-for-male-horses-with-urethral-rents-following-perineal-urethrotomy-or-corpus-spongiotomy-33-cases-1989-2013
#20
Kati G Glass, Carolyn E Arnold, Dickson D Varner, M Keith Chaffin, James Schumacher
OBJECTIVE To describe the signalment, clinical features, and outcome for male horses with urethral rents following perineal urethrotomy (PU) or corpus spongiotomy (CS). DESIGN Retrospective case series. ANIMALS 33 horses. PROCEDURES Medical records of male horses examined because of hematuria or hemospermia caused by urethral rents that underwent PU or CS at a referral hospital between 1989 and 2013 were reviewed. Data regarding signalment, clinical features, urethroscopic findings, surgical treatment, and outcome were recorded...
December 15, 2016: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
keyword
keyword
51339
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"