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Digital ulcer

Carina Mihai, Vanessa Smith, Rucsandra Dobrota, Ana Maria Gheorghiu, Maurizio Cutolo, Oliver Distler
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease with high morbidity and mortality, characterized by autoimmunity, obliterative vasculopathy involving mainly the microvasculature, and fibrosis. SSc-specific nailfold capillaroscopic changes have been defined, and nailfold capillaroscopy (NFC) is now unequivocally accepted to be a cornerstone for the early diagnosis of SSc. However, the use of NFC in patients already diagnosed with SSc is still not standardized. Several studies have shown that NFC abnormalities correlate with disease activity and severity and are predictive for disease worsening, such as occurrence of new digital ulcers...
March 12, 2018: Microvascular Research
Ariane L Herrick, Andrea Murray
Most patients with Raynaud's phenomenon (RP) have "benign" primary RP (PRP), but a minority have an underlying cause, for example a connective tissue disease such as systemic sclerosis (SSc). Secondary RP can be associated with structural as well as functional digital vascular changes and can be very severe, potentially progressing to digital ulceration or gangrene. The first step in management is to establish why the patient has RP. This short review discusses the role of nailfold capillaroscopy and thermography in the assessment of RP...
March 8, 2018: Autoimmunity Reviews
B Heringstad, C Egger-Danner, N Charfeddine, J E Pryce, K F Stock, J Kofler, A M Sogstad, M Holzhauer, A Fiedler, K Müller, P Nielsen, G Thomas, N Gengler, G de Jong, C Ødegård, F Malchiodi, F Miglior, M Alsaaod, J B Cole
Routine recording of claw health status at claw trimming of dairy cattle has been established in several countries, providing valuable data for genetic evaluation. In this review, we examine issues related to genetic evaluation of claw health; discuss data sources, trait definitions, and data validation procedures; and present a review of genetic parameters, possible indicator traits, and status of genetic and genomic evaluations for claw disorders. Different sources of data and traits can be used to describe claw health...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Anna Polak, Cezary Kucio, Luther C Kloth, Malgorzata Paczula, Ewa Hordynska, Tomasz Ickowicz, Edward Blaszczak, Ewa Kucio, Krystian Oleszczyk, Krzysztof Ficek, Andrzej Franek
The use of electrical stimulation (ES) should be considered for treating nonhealing pressure ulcers (PUs), but optimal ES wound treatment protocols have yet to be established. A randomized, controlled, double-blind clinical study was conducted to evaluate the effects of cathodal and anodal high-voltage monophasic pulsed current (HVMPC) on periwound skin blood flow (PSBF) and size reduction of Stage 2 to Stage 4 PUs of at least 4 weeks' duration. Persons >18 years of age, hospitalized with neurological injuries, at high risk for PU development (Norton scale <14 points; Waterlow scale >15 points), and with at least 1 Stage 2 to Stage 4 PU were eligible to participate in the study...
February 2018: Ostomy/wound Management
Müçteba Enes Yayla, Ufuk İlgen, Nurşen Düzgün
Background/aim: We aimed to investigate the prevalence of anti-RNA polymerase (RNAP) III and other autoantibodies in a group of Turkish patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc) and their relation with clinical features. Materials and methods: The prevalence of anti-RNAP III and other autoantibodies was analyzed in 93 patients with SSc and control groups including 86 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and 65 healthy subjects, respectively. Their relationship with diseases findings was assessed in a cross-sectional manner...
February 23, 2018: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
S Bellando-Randone, C Bruni, G Lepri, G Fiori, F Bartoli, M L Conforti, A Moggi-Pignone, S Guiducci, D Giuggioli, M Colaci, A Spinella, C Ferri, M Matucci-Cerinic
Iloprost (ILO) is employed intravenously for the treatment of severe Raynaud phenomenon (RP) and digital ulcers (DU) in systemic sclerosis (SSc). The aim of this study was to evaluate the safety and tolerability of the intravenous treatment with ILO in different phases of SSc. Eighty-one consecutive non-selected SSc patients, all on nifedipine, with moderate RP, treated with ILO infusion, were retrospectively evaluated. Patients were sub classified according to the edematous or fibrotic/atrophic cutaneous phase of the disease...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
Otto Steinmassl, Herbert Dumfahrt, Ingrid Grunert, Patricia-Anca Steinmassl
OBJECTIVES: Resin polymerisation shrinkage reduces the congruence of the denture base with denture-bearing tissues and thereby decreases the retention of conventionally fabricated dentures. CAD/CAM denture manufacturing is a subtractive process, and polymerisation shrinkage is not an issue anymore. Therefore, CAD/CAM dentures are assumed to show a higher denture base congruence than conventionally fabricated dentures. It has been the aim of this study to test this hypothesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CAD/CAM dentures provided by four different manufacturers (AvaDent, Merz Dental, Whole You, Wieland/Ivoclar) were generated from ten different master casts...
February 22, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
Z Khammar, M Ouazzani, B Bennani, N Oubelkacem, R Berrady
Digital ulcers generally arise in a context of microangiopathy-related focal ischemia. In women, connective tissue diseases are the main etiology, while in men the cause is often diffuse arterial disease, e.g. Leo-Buerger disease, or emboligenic heart disease. A paraneoplastic origin of digital necrosis due to ischemia is rarely reported. A 75-year-old man presented with cyanosis of the fingertips and toes that had begun one month earlier. The physical examination found pulp ulcers on the fingers and toes of both hands and feet...
February 2018: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
T Ben Salem, M Tougorti, S Bziouech, M Lamloum, M Khanfir, I Ben Ghorbel, M H Houman
INTRODUCTION: Raynaud's phenomenon is a reversible episodic vasospastic disorder triggered by cold or emotion. Two types of Raynaud's phenomenon were distinguished: Raynaud's disease and secondary Raynaud's phenomenon. The purpose of this study was to determine the etiologic profile of secondary Raynaud's phenomenon in an internal medicine department. METHODS: A descriptive retrospective study including patients with secondary Raynaud's phenomenon followed in a tertiary internal medicine department between 2000 and 2013...
February 2018: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
Stefania Scarabelli, Dorina Timofte, Fernando Malalana, David Bardell
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of corneal abrasions/ulceration and microbial contamination in horses undergoing general anaesthesia. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, observational, clinical study. ANIMALS: A total of 40 client-owned healthy horses scheduled for elective non-ophthalmic procedures. METHODS: Conjunctival sac swabs were taken, fluorescein dye applied and digital images recorded from both eyes of the horses after preanaesthetic medication and 24 hours after recovery from general anaesthesia...
January 9, 2018: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
C Rotondo, M Nivuori, A Chialà, E Praino, M Matucci Cerinic, M Cutolo, G Lapadula, F Iannone
OBJECTIVES: Iloprost plays an important role in the treatment of Raynaud's phenomenon (RP), but has transient vasodilatory effects owing to its very short half-time. We aimed to evaluate short- and medium-term haemodynamic effects of iloprost by measuring dorsal finger microvessel blood flow using laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF), in patients with RP associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc). METHOD: In 24 consecutive SSc patients with RP (disease duration 10.5 ± 1...
February 7, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
Xiao-Qing Wei, Lei Song, Xue-Song Zhang, Kui-Yang Wang, Jie Wu
RATIONALE: Aortogastric fistula (AGF) is a rare but devastating clinical complication after esophagectomy. In a recent report, nearly all AGF patients died of massive hemorrhage or aspiration of massive hematemesis. Therefore, timely appropriate treatment of AGF remains a challenge.Herein, we report a case of AGF that resulted from peptic ulceration after esophagectomy and was successfully treated with endovascular stent graft placement. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 59-year-old man had undergone video-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy for squamous cell carcinoma and esophageal reconstruction using a gastric tube 14 months previously...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
M Hässig, C Degen Aguayo Aparicio, K Nuss
The aim of the study was to clarify how lameness and its severity in dairy cows at the time of drying off will affect the milk performance and fertility in the following lactation when treated appropriately at the time of drying off. The lameness scoring and a gait assessment took place during drying off, in the 1st week after calving, as well as 2 months after calving. Each lame cow was compared with a non-lame control cow from the same farm. The milk and fertility data of the following lactation were compared with those of the previous lactation...
February 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
M Hässig, C Degen Aguayo Aparicio, K Nuss
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between lameness scoring and clinical findings. The lameness scoring and a gait assessment took place during drying off, the first week after calving and two months after calving in 29 lame and 27 free of lameness cows. In between the farmer scored the lamness. Most of the lameness occurred in the hind limbs and were most frequently caused by dermatitis digitalis, Mortellaro, Limax, and Rusterholz sole ulcer. The mean duration of lameness after treatment was 26 days (median 16 days) and was significantly longer in case of horn lesions than in skin lesions (including interdigital dermatitis)...
February 2018: Schweizer Archiv Für Tierheilkunde
Ho So, Ricky W-K Ip, Victor T-L Wong, Ronald M-L Yip
AIM: To compare the prevalence of the anti-melanoma differentiation-associated gene 5 antibody (anti-MDA5 Ab) in Hong Kong Chinese patients with dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM); in addition, to examine the association of anti-MDA5 Ab and the clinical characteristics of these patients. METHODS: Twenty consecutive existing patients with DM being followed up at the Rheumatology Clinic of Kwong Wah Hospital, Hong Kong were recruited. Twenty patients with PM were recruited from the same clinic as the controls...
January 30, 2018: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
Jacob Antunes, Satish Viswanath, Justin T Brady, Benjamin Crawshaw, Pablo Ros, Scott Steele, Conor P Delaney, Raj Paspulati, Joseph Willis, Anant Madabhushi
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to develop and quantitatively evaluate a radiology-pathology fusion method for spatially mapping tissue regions corresponding to different chemoradiation therapy-related effects from surgically excised whole-mount rectal cancer histopathology onto preoperative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study included six subjects with rectal cancer treated with chemoradiation therapy who were then imaged with a 3-T T2-weighted MRI sequence, before undergoing mesorectal excision surgery...
January 19, 2018: Academic Radiology
Jung In Song, Silvanie Volz, Maria Eirini Liodaki, Peter Mailänder, Konstantinos Kalousis
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disorder of unknown etiology, with heterogeneous clinical manifestations and chronic and often progressive course. The diffuse cutaneous form of SSc (dcSSc) is characterized by thickening of the skin (scleroderma) and distinctive involvement of multiple internal organs. Patients with limited cutaneous SSc (lcSSc) generally have long-standing Raynaud's phenomenon before other manifestations of SSc appear. Over the last decade the Interest of adipose-derived cell therapy in regenerative medicine has increased continuously...
September 2017: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Grigorios Korosoglou, Tom Eisele, Dorothea Raupp, Christoph Eisenbach, Sorin Giusca
Patients with critical limb ischemia necessitate immediate intervention to restore blood flow to the affected limb. Endovascular procedures are currently preferred for these patients. We describe the case of an 80-year-old female patient who presented to our department with ischemic rest pain and ulceration of the left limb. The patient had history of left femoral popliteal bypass surgery, femoral thromboendarterectomy and patch angioplasty of the same limb 2 years ago. Doppler sonography and magnetic resonance angiography revealed an occlusion of the left superficial femoral artery (SFA) and popliteal artery and of all three infra-popliteal arteries...
December 26, 2017: World Journal of Cardiology
Junji Umeno, Motohiro Esaki, Atsushi Hirano, Yuta Fuyuno, Naoki Ohmiya, Shigeyoshi Yasukawa, Fumihito Hirai, Shuji Kochi, Koichi Kurahara, Shunichi Yanai, Keiichi Uchida, Shuhei Hosomi, Kenji Watanabe, Naoki Hosoe, Haruhiko Ogata, Tadakazu Hisamatsu, Manabu Nagayama, Hironori Yamamoto, Daiki Abukawa, Fumihiko Kakuta, Kei Onodera, Toshiyuki Matsui, Toshifumi Hibi, Tsuneyoshi Yao, Takanari Kitazono, Takayuki Matsumoto
BACKGROUND: Chronic enteropathy associated with SLCO2A1 gene (CEAS) is a hereditary disease caused by mutations in the SLCO2A1 gene and characterized by multiple small intestinal ulcers of nonspecific histology. SLCO2A1 is also a causal gene of primary hypertrophic osteoarthropathy (PHO). However, little is known about the clinical features of CEAS or PHO. METHODS: Sixty-five Japanese patients recruited by a nationwide survey of CEAS during 2012-2016 were enrolled in this present study...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology
L Stojanovich, A Djokovic, N Stanisavljevic, M Zdravkovic
Objectives To investigate a possible relationship between cerebrovascular, such as stroke and transient ischaemic attack, and various cutaneous manifestations (livedo reticularis, skin ulcerations, pseudovasculitis lesions, superficial cutaneous necrosis and digital gangrene) in antiphospholipid syndrome (APS). This report is based on a Serbian cohort of APS patients. Methods A total of 508 antiphospholipid syndrome APS patients were assessed: 360 with primary (PAPS) and 148 with APS associated with SLE (SAPS)...
January 1, 2018: Lupus
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