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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107323/multiple-myeloma-mentorship-bridging-communication-and-educational-gaps%C3%A2
#1
Beth Faiman, Sandra E Kurtin, Jocelyn Timko, Linda Gracie-King
BACKGROUND: The 2014 Multiple Myeloma (MM) Mentorship Program provided a focused, interactive, peer-to-peer educational experience, including updates in MM, for 10 mentees that led to advanced clinical educator status. 
. OBJECTIVES: The objective of the program was (a) to improve mentees' knowledge, competency, confidence, and level of performance in the management of MM and (b) to build speaking expertise.
. METHODS: From May 2014 to March 2015, 10 mentees were educated on MM with a structured serial learning curriculum...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107098/early-initiation-of-breastfeeding-among-maya-mothers-in-the-western-highlands-of-guatemala
#2
Natalie N Atyeo, Tahvi D Frank, Emma F Vail, William A L Sperduto, David L Boyd
BACKGROUND: Guatemala exhibits the sixth highest rate of child stunting worldwide, and stunting disproportionately affects Guatemala indigenous communities. In a country struggling to combat this result of malnutrition, early child nutrition is especially critical. Specifically, early initiation of breastfeeding is important for the development of newborn infants. Understanding beliefs and practices related to early initiation of breastfeeding in Maya Guatemala may provide an avenue to guide nutrition interventions in indigenous communities...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106594/big-data-and-nursing-implications-for-the-future
#3
Maxim Topaz, Lisiane Pruinelli
Big data is becoming increasingly more prevalent and it affects the way nurses learn, practice, conduct research and develop policy. The discipline of nursing needs to maximize the benefits of big data to advance the vision of promoting human health and wellbeing. However, current practicing nurses, educators and nurse scientists often lack the required skills and competencies necessary for meaningful use of big data. Some of the key skills for further development include the ability to mine narrative and structured data for new care or outcome patterns, effective data visualization techniques, and further integration of nursing sensitive data into artificial intelligence systems for better clinical decision support...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106592/semanticification-in-connected-health
#4
Anneke Goossen-Baremans, Sarah Collins, Hyeoun-Ae Park
The purpose of the implementation of nursing terminologies is to capture and process meaningful health data wherein facts about patients and nursing care can be recorded and inferences for nursing care, patient outcomes and associations with all care delivered by the interprofessional team can be made. This paper describes the clinical information landscape, implementation of semantic content, and competencies required for nurses. Health data can be outlined in a high level clinical information ecosystem where nursing terminologies can be represented for implementation...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106396/tetrel-bonds-in-infinite-molecular-chains-by-electronic-structure-theory-and-their-role-for-crystal-stabilization
#5
Janine George, Richard Dronskowski
Intermolecular bonds play a crucial role in the rational design of crystal structures, dubbed crystal engineering. The relatively new term tetrel bonds (TBs) describes a long-known type of such interactions presently in the focus of quantum-chemical cluster calculations. Here, we energetically explore the strengths and cooperativity of these interactions in infinite chains, a possible arrangement of such tetrel bonds in extended crystals, by periodic density-functional theory. In the chains, the TBs are amplified due to cooperativity by up to 60%...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106183/mechanism-of-activated-chemiluminescence-of-cyclic-peroxides-1-2-dioxetanes-and-1-2-dioxetanones
#6
Felipe A Augusto, Antonio Francés-Monerris, Ignacio Fdez Galván, Daniel Roca-Sanjuán, Erick L Bastos, Wilhelm J Baader, Roland Lindh
Almost all chemiluminescent and bioluminescent reactions involve cyclic peroxides. The structure of the peroxide and reaction conditions determine the quantum efficiency of light emission. Oxidizable fluorophores, the so-called activators, react with 1,2-dioxetanones promoting the former to their first singlet excited state. This transformation is inefficient and does not occur with 1,2-dioxetanes; however, they have been used as models for the efficient firefly bioluminescence. In this work, we use the SA-CASSCF/CASPT2 method to investigate the activated chemiexcitation of the parent 1,2-dioxetane and 1,2-dioxetanone...
January 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104697/male-birthweight-semen-quality-and-birth-outcomes
#7
B W Whitcomb, M S Bloom, S Kim, Z Chen, G M Buck Louis
STUDY QUESTION: What are the relations among birthweight (BW), semen parameters and birth outcomes in a population-based sample? SUMMARY ANSWER: BW is unrelated to semen parameters, which are in turn unrelated to birth outcomes. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In clinical settings, there has been suggestion that semen parameters are related to BW when comparing fertile and infertile men; however, findings have been less clear in more general populations...
January 18, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103159/the-effects-of-stimulant-medication-and-training-on-sports-competence-among-children-with-adhd
#8
Amy R Altszuler, Anne S Morrow, Brittany M Merrill, Shannon Bressler, Fiona L Macphee, Elizabeth M Gnagy, Andrew R Greiner, Stefany Coxe, Joseph S Raiker, Erika Coles, William E Pelham
The current study examined the relative efficacy of behavioral sports training, medication, and their combination in improving sports competence among youth with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Participants were 73 youth (74% male; 81% Hispanic) between the ages of 5 and 12 diagnosed with Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed.) ADHD enrolled in a Summer Treatment Program (STP). The study consisted of a 2 (medication: methylphenidate, placebo) × 2 (sports training: instruction and practice, recreational play) between-groups design and was conducted over a 3-week period during the STP...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100617/differences-in-glycoprotein-complex-gpc-receptor-binding-site-accessibility-prompt-poor-cross-reactivity-of-neutralizing-antibodies-between-closely-related-arenaviruses
#9
Rachel B Brouillette, Elisabeth K Phillips, Natarajan Ayithan, Wendy Maury
: The glycoprotein complex (GPC) of arenaviruses, composed of stable signal peptide (SSP), GP1, and GP2, is the only antigen correlated with antibody-mediated neutralization. However, despite strong cross-reactivity of convalescent antisera between related arenavirus species, weak or no cross-neutralization occurs. Two closely related Clade B viruses, Machupo virus (MACV) and Junín virus (JUNV), have near identical overall GPC architecture and share a host receptor, transferrin receptor 1...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100151/renin-inhibition-by-soyasaponin-i-a-potent-native-anti-hypertensive-compound
#10
Zeinab Tavassoli, Majid Taghdir, Bijan Ranjbar
One way to control hypertension is inactivation of the Renin- Angiotensin- Aldosterone System (RAAS). Inhibition of renin as a rate-limiting step of this system is an effective way to stop up RAAS. It has been proved that soyasaponin I, an herbal compound obtained from soybeans, has anti-hypertensive effect via renin inhibition, so it has the potential of being an anti-hypertensive drug. Herein, some theoretical approaches such as Docking Simulation, Molecular Dynamics (MD) Simulation and MMPBSA analysis have been used to study how soyasaponin I inhibits renin at the structural level...
January 19, 2017: Journal of Biomolecular Structure & Dynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100122/using-the-self-determination-theory-to-understand-chinese-adolescent-leisure-time-physical-activity
#11
Lijuan Wang
PURPOSES: This study applies the self-determination theory (SDT) to test the hypothesized relationships among perceived autonomy support from parents, physical education (PE) teachers, and peers, the fulfilment of psychological needs (i.e., autonomy, competence, and relatedness), autonomous motivation, and leisure-time physical activity of Chinese adolescents. METHOD: There are 255 grade six to eight student participants from four middle schools around Shanghai, China included in this study...
January 19, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099326/implementation-of-a-needs-based-online-feedback-tool-for-anesthesia-residents-with-subsequent-mapping-of-the-feedback-to-the-acgme-milestones
#12
Pedro Tanaka, Sylvia Bereknyei Merrell, Kim Walker, Jennifer Zocca, Lena Scotto, Alyssa L Bogetz, Alex Macario
BACKGROUND: Optimizing feedback that residents receive from faculty is important for learning. The goals of this study were to (1) conduct focus groups of anesthesia residents to define what constitutes optimal feedback; (2) develop, test, and implement a web-based feedback tool; and (3) then map the contents of the written comments collected on the feedback tool to the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) anesthesiology milestones. METHODS: All 72 anesthesia residents in the program were invited to participate in 1 of 5 focus groups scheduled over a 2-month period...
February 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098980/ruthenium-ii-complex-based-luminescent-bifunctional-probe-for-ag-and-phosphate-ions-ag-assisted-detection-and-imaging-of-rrna
#13
Sanjoy Kumar Sheet, Bhaskar Sen, Romita Thounaojam, Kripamoy Aguan, Snehadrinarayan Khatua
A new bis-heteroleptic Ru(II) complex (1) of benzimidazole-substituted 1,2,3-triazole pyridine ligand has been designed and constructed for the photoluminescent detection of cationic and anionic analytes, Ag(+) and phosphate ions. Compound, 1[PF6]2 was fully characterized by various spectroscopic techniques and the solid-state structure was determined via single-crystal X-ray diffraction. The cation and anion sensing properties in 50% aqueous buffer (pH 9.2) and pure acetonitrile were carefully examined in photoluminescence (PL) spectroscopy...
January 18, 2017: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098959/influence-of-electronic-and-molecular-structure-on-the-fragmentation-dynamic-of-even-electron-carbocationic-triangulenes-and-helicenes-in-the-gas-phase
#14
Jakob Felix Hitzenberger, Agnes Uhl, Jürgen Schatz, Thomas Drewello
Stable, long-lived organic cations are directly transferred by electrospray ionization (ESI) from solution into the gas phase where their collision-induced dissociations (CID) are studied by tandem mass spectrometry. Three related types of triphenyl carbenium ions are investigated, in which the meta positions are either substituted by methoxy groups or tertiary nitrogen bridges, including Tetramethoxyphenylacridinium (TMPA(+) ), dimethoxyquinacridinium (DMQA(+) ) and triazatriangulenium (TATA(+) ) cations. These ions are triangular in shape with increasing degrees of planarity...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Mass Spectrometry: JMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097865/molecular-requirements-of-high-fidelity-replication-competent-dna-backbones-for-orthogonal-chemical-ligation
#15
Arun Shivalingam, Agnes E S Tyburn, Afaf H El-Sagheer, Tom Brown
The molecular properties of the phosphodiester backbone that made it the evolutionary choice for the enzymatic replication of genetic information are not well understood. To address this, and to develop new chemical ligation strategies for assembly of biocompatible modified DNA, we have synthesized oligonucleotides containing several structurally and electronically varied artificial linkages. This has yielded a new highly promising ligation method based on amide backbone formation that is chemically orthogonal to CuAAC "click" ligation...
January 18, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095829/a-middle-eastern-journey-of-integrating-interprofessional-education-into-the-healthcare-curriculum-a-swoc-analysis
#16
Alla El-Awaisi, Kyle John Wilby, Kerry Wilbur, Maguy Saffouh El Hajj, Ahmed Awaisu, Bridget Paravattil
BACKGROUND: Interprofessional education (IPE) is an emerging concept in the Middle East with a number of health professional degree programs continually striving to meet international accreditation requirements to enhance the quality of education and ensure high standards are maintained. Using the College of Pharmacy at Qatar University (CPH QU) as a model, this article describes the IPE initiatives coordinated through the College's IPE Committee, with representation from fourteen programs at four Healthcare institutions: Qatar University; Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar; the University of Calgary in Qatar; and the College of North Atlantic in Qatar...
January 17, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095705/what-s-the-story-a-computational-analysis-of-narrative-competence-in-autism
#17
Michelle Lee, Gary E Martin, Abigail Hogan, Deanna Hano, Peter C Gordon, Molly Losh
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder demonstrate narrative (i.e. storytelling) difficulties which can significantly impact their ability to form and maintain social relationships. However, existing research has not comprehensively documented these impairments in more open-ended, emotionally evocative situations common to daily interactions. Computational linguistic measures offer a promising complement to traditional hand-coding methods of narrative analysis and in this study were applied together with hand coding of narratives elicited with emotionally salient scenes from the Thematic Apperception Test...
January 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094994/ag-sn-bimetallic-catalyst-with-a-core-shell-structure-for-co2-reduction
#18
Wesley W Luc, Charles Collins, Siwen Wang, Hongliang Xin, Kai He, Yijin Kang, Feng Jiao
Converting greenhouse gas carbon dioxide (CO2) to value-added chemicals is an appealing approach to tackle CO2 emission challenges. The chemical transformation of CO2 requires suitable catalysts that can lower the activation energy barrier, thus minimizing the energy penalty associated with the CO2 reduction reaction. First-row transition metals are potential candidates as catalysts for electrochemical CO2 reduction; however, their high oxygen affinity makes them easy to be oxidized, which could, in turn, strongly affect the catalytic properties of metal-based catalysts...
January 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094946/competing-e2-and-sn2-mechanisms-for-the-f-ch3ch2i-reaction
#19
Li Yang, Jiaxu Zhang, Jing Xie, Xinyou Ma, Linyao Zhang, Chenyang Zhao, William Louis Hase
Anti-, syn-E2 and inv-, ret-SN2 reaction channels for the gas-phase reaction of F- + CH3CH2I were characterized with a variety of electronic structure calculations. A geometrical analysis confirmed the synchronous E2-type transition states for the elimination of current reaction, instead of nonconcerted processes through E1cb-like and E1-like mechanisms. Importantly, the controversy concerning reactant complex for anti-E2 and inv-SN2 paths have been clarified in the present work. A positive barrier of + 19...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28094578/diversity-and-inclusion-in-occupational-therapy-where-we-are-where-we-must-go
#20
Steven D Taff, Daniel Blash
Diversity is a fundamental element of the AOTA Centennial Vision and a critical aspect for the visibility, growth, and sustainability of the occupational therapy profession. In this article, the authors suggest that, while the profession has been aware of the need for a diverse workforce and has taken steps to increase diversity and cultural competency, a more structured, comprehensive, and action-oriented approach must be considered to address an issue which impacts professional roles and client engagement, satisfaction, and well-being...
January 17, 2017: Occupational Therapy in Health Care
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