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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29903984/bolus-ingestion-of-whey-protein-immediately-post-exercise-does-not-influence-rehydration-compared-to-energy-matched-carbohydrate-ingestion
#1
Gethin H Evans, Lewis Mattin, Isabelle Ireland, William Harrison, Adora M W Yau, Victoria McIver, Tristan Pocock, Elizabeth Sheader, Lewis J James
Whey protein is a commonly ingested nutritional supplement amongst athletes and regular exercisers; however, its role in post-exercise rehydration remains unclear. Eight healthy male and female participants completed two experimental trials involving the ingestion of 35 g of whey protein (WP) or maltodextrin (MD) at the onset of a rehydration period, followed by ingestion of water to a volume equivalent to 150% of the amount of body mass lost during exercise in the heat. The gastric emptying rates of the solutions were measured using 13 C breath tests...
June 14, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902683/anthropometric-and-body-composition-changes-in-smokers-vs-abstainers-following-an-exercise-aided-pharmacotherapy-smoking-cessation-trial-for-women
#2
Harry Prapavessis, Stefanie De Jesus, Lyndsay Fitzgeorge, Scott Rollo
INTRODUCTION: Post-cessation weight gain contributes to smoking relapse, especially for women. Furthermore, excess weight in the form of android or visceral fat is associated with metabolic health problems. For this study, a secondary analysis was conducted in 2015 to determine whether quitting status, achieved through a 14 week supervised exercise-aided nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) cessation program [Getting Physical on Cigarette Trial-2009 to 2013; Prapavessis, et al., 2016], affects anthropometric and body composition parameters in female smokers (N = 413, M age = 42...
June 7, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29902505/short-term-heat-exposure-promotes-hippocampal-neurogenesis-via-activation-of-angiotensin-ii-type-1-receptor-in-adult-rats
#3
Yuka Koyama, Takao Mukuda, Sawako Hamasaki, Hironobu Nakane, Toshiyuki Kaidoh
Angiotensin II (Ang II) synthesized in response to body fluid loss caused by actions such as sweating and breathing is today considered as one of the essential factors for promoting hippocamal neurogenesis. Because heat-stimuli, along with exercise, increases systemic levels of Ang II, the effects of short-term heat exposure on hippocampal neurogenesis were examined in adult male rats. When rats were exposed daily to a 1 h heat treatment (36.0 ± 0.1°C) during a 7 d experimental period, the number of doublecortin-immunoreactive newborn cells in the hippocampal dentate gyrus was increased approximately 1...
June 11, 2018: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29894373/supportive-care-nursing-clinical-protocol-incorporates-holism-in-a-public-acute-care-hospital
#4
Jutara Srivali Teal, Dana N Rutledge, Sue Robertson, Eve Cruz
The Supportive Care Nursing Clinical Protocol (SCNCP) was developed to guide holistic nursing care for seriously ill hospitalized patients. The SCNCP uses national guidelines and evidence-based interventions as its foundation. Seriously ill patients may require palliative care, which is synonymous with supportive care. Acute care nurses may not be proficient in providing holistic supportive care for patients with life-limiting illness. At a 670-bed public acute care hospital, palliative care consultation requires a physician order and palliation may arrive late in an illness...
July 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893435/dyspnea-and-self-management-strategies-in-patients-admitted-to-the-emergency-department-a-study-of-patients-experiences
#5
Karoline Stentoft Rybjerg Larsen, Annemette Krintel Petersen, Marianne Lisby, Marie Veje Knudsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: To explore patients' experiences of acute dyspnea, physical functioning, and perspectives on course of illness prior to admission to the emergency department. BACKGROUND: Many emergency admissions are considered unnecessary and avoidable. In this perspective, it seems relevant to gain insight into the patients' perspective on acute dyspnea and the need for emergency admission. However, only few studies have investigated reasons for emergency admission from a patient perspective...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890328/cortical-processing-of-breathing-perceptions-in-the-athletic-brain
#6
Olivia K Faull, Pete J Cox, Kyle T S Pattinson
Athletes regularly endure large increases in ventilation and accompanying perceptions of breathlessness. Whilst breathing perceptions often correlate poorly with objective measures of lung function in both health and clinical populations, we have previously demonstrated closer matching between subjective breathlessness and changes in ventilation in endurance athletes, suggesting that athletes may be more accurate during respiratory interoception. To better understand the link between exercise and breathlessness, we sought to identify the mechanisms by which the brain processing of respiratory perception might be optimised in athletes...
June 8, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29885374/effects-of-intrathoracic-pressure-inhalation-time-and-breath-hold-time-on-lung-diffusing-capacity
#7
Caitlin C Jorgenson, Kirsten E Coffman, Bruce D Johnson
The single breath hold maneuver for measuring lung diffusing capacity for carbon monoxide (DLCO) and nitric oxide (DLNO) incorporates multiple sources of variability. This study examined how changes in intrathoracic pressure, inhalation time, and breath hold time affect DLCO, DLNO, alveolar-capillary membrane conductance (DmCO) and pulmonary capillary blood volume (Vc) at rest and during submaximal exercise. Thirteen healthy subjects (mean ± SD; age = 26 ± 3y) performed duplicate tests at rest and during submaximal exercise...
June 6, 2018: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879448/cardiorespiratory-responses-of-a-dance-session-designed-for-older-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#8
Josianne Rodrigues-Krause, Juliano Boufleur Farinha, Thiago Rozales Ramis, Francesco Pinto Boeno, Gabriela Cristina Dos Santos, Mauricio Krause, Alvaro Reischak-Oliveira
BACKGROUND: Dancing has been increasingly used as a type of exercise intervention to improve cardiovascular fitness of older people. However, it unclear which may be the exercise intensity of the dance sessions. OBJECTIVE: To describe cardiorespiratory responses of a dance session for older women, and to identify intensity zones in relation to peak oxygen consumption (VO2 peak), first and second ventilatory thresholds (VT1 and VT2). METHODS: Ten women (66 ± 5 yrs...
June 4, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878869/exertional-dyspnea-and-operating-lung-volumes-in-asthma
#9
Linn Emilia Moore, Andrew Ryan Brotto, Devin Brent Phillips, Mohit Bhutani, Michael K Stickland
PURPOSE: Dyspnea has been reported to be a main contributor to exercise avoidance in asthma. While traditional markers of ventilation do not explain the heightened dyspnea during exercise in asthmatics, this study proposed that exertional dyspnea in asthma was due to high operating lung volumes, which may be improved with a short-acting beta2-agonist. METHODS: On two separate days, sixteen asthmatics and 16 controls completed a lung function test and incremental exercise tests to exhaustion...
June 7, 2018: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877845/machine-learning-in-rehabilitation-assessment-for-thermal-and-heart-rate-data-processing
#10
Ales Prochazka, Hana Charvatova, Saeed Vaseghi, Oldrich Vysata
Multimodal signal analysis based on sophisticated noninvasive sensors, efficient communication systems, and machine learning, have a rapidly increasing range of different applications. The present paper is devoted to pattern recognition and the analysis of physiological data acquired by heart rate and thermal camera sensors during rehabilitation. A total number of 56 experimental data sets, each 40 min long, of the heart rate and breathing temperature recorded on an exercise bike have been processed to determine the fitness level and possible medical disorders...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29877304/clinical-significance-of-the-presence-of-oscillatory-breathing-both-at-rest-and-during-exercise-in-cardiac-patients
#11
Tomoko Himi, Akira Koike, Osamu Nagayama, Yuko Kato, Isao Nishi, Akira Sato, Takeshi Yamashita, Kazutaka Aonuma
Cardiac patients often experience nocturnal and daytime oscillatory breathing (OB). OB noted at rest sometimes becomes unclear or even disappears during exercise. We evaluated the physiological significance of OB by comparing the clinical characteristics of cardiac patients who manifested OB only at rest (group A), only during exercise (group B), and both at rest and during exercise (group C).Among 3,432 cardiac patients who underwent cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX), 114, 94, and 65 patients were identified as group A, B, and C, respectively...
June 6, 2018: International Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29864098/activity-and-exercise-intolerance-after-concussion-identification-and-management-of-postural-orthostatic-tachycardia-syndrome
#12
Nicole A Miranda, Jeffrey R Boris, Kristen M Kouvel, Lauren Stiles
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS) is increasingly recognized as a complication affecting recovery from concussion. Individuals with POTS demonstrate refractory dizziness, lightheadedness, cognitive dysfunction, fatigue, headache, chronic pain, nausea and gastrointestinal dysmotility, activity and exercise intolerance, syncope, and tachycardia. Subtypes of POTS may include hypovolemia, hyperadrenergic states, autonomic neuropathy, and underlying autoimmunity, which may variably impact response to rehabilitation in varying ways...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Neurologic Physical Therapy: JNPT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861243/pilates-program-design-and-health-benefits-for-pregnant-women-a-practitioners-survey
#13
Melissa Mazzarino, Debra Kerr, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: Little is known about recommendations for safe and appropriate instruction of Pilates exercises to women during pregnancy. The aim of this study was to examine Pilates practitioners' perspectives regarding Pilates program design for pregnant women. We also sought to elucidate their views on the potential benefits, restrictions and contraindications on Pilates in pregnancy. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was performed. Pilates practitioners were invited to participate via email...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861220/successful-outcome-of-musculoskeletal-injury-leads-to-a-reduction-in-chronic-fatigue-a-case-report
#14
Carl Todd DO
BACKGROUND: Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) is a general term used to describe a number of medical conditions that lead to persistent levels of fatigue and distress. OBJECTIVES: Osteopathic manipulative treatment (OMT) combined with shoulder exercises to resolve musculoskeletal sports injury may have also led to a reduction in pain and improved strength with the patient reporting a change in CFS levels. CLINICAL FEATURES: 19-year-old male student, (statue 194cm and mass 80kg) who had played county level cricket and hockey...
April 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849993/a-wearable-system-for-real-time-continuous-monitoring-of-physical-activity
#15
Fabrizio Taffoni, Diego Rivera, Angelica La Camera, Andrea Nicolò, Juan Ramón Velasco, Carlo Massaroni
Over the last decades, wearable systems have gained interest for monitoring of physiological variables, promoting health, and improving exercise adherence in different populations ranging from elite athletes to patients. In this paper, we present a wearable system for the continuous real-time monitoring of respiratory frequency ( f R ), heart rate (HR), and movement cadence during physical activity. The system has been experimentally tested in the laboratory (by simulating the breathing pattern with a mechanical ventilator) and by collecting data from one healthy volunteer...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847532/restrictive-breathing-mask-reduces-repetitions-to-failure-during-a-session-of-lower-body-resistance-exercise
#16
Thomas L Andre, Joshua J Gann, Paul S Hwang, Emily Ziperman, Marshall J Magnussen, Darryn S Willoughby
Andre, TL, Gann, JJ, Hwang, PS, Ziperman, E, Magnussen, MJ, and Willoughby, DS. Restrictive breathing mask reduces repetitions to failure during a session of lower-body resistance exercise. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2018-The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of restrictive breathing mask (RBM) on muscle performance, hemodynamic, and perceived stress variables during a session of lower-body resistance exercise. In a crossover design, 10 participants performed 2 separate testing sessions, RBM and no mask, consisting of squat, leg press, and leg extension...
May 25, 2018: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844666/exercise-response-to-oxygen-supplementation-is-not-associated-with-survival-in-hypoxemic-patients-with-obstructive-lung-disease
#17
Ahmed S Sadaka, Andrew J Montgomery, Sahar M Mourad, Michael I Polkey, Nicholas S Hopkinson
Purpose: Hypoxemia is associated with more severe lung disease and worse outcomes. In some patients with chronic obstructive lung diseases who desaturate on exertion, supplemental oxygen improves exercise capacity. The clinical significance of this exercise response to oxygen supplementation is not known. Patients and methods: We identified chronic obstructive lung disease patients at our center who underwent a 6-minute walking test (6MWT) for ambulatory oxygen assessment and who desaturated breathing air and therefore had an additional walk test on supplemental oxygen, between August 2006 and June 2016...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29844210/efficacy-of-interventions-to-improve-respiratory-function-after-stroke
#18
Kênia Kp Menezes, Lucas R Nascimento, Patrick R Avelino, Maria Tereza Mota Alvarenga, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to systematically review all current interventions that have been utilized to improve respiratory function and activity after stroke. METHODS: Specific searches were conducted. The experimental intervention had to be planned, structured, repetitive, purposive, and delivered with the aim of improving respiratory function. Outcomes included respiratory strength (maximum inspiratory pressure [PImax ], maximum expiratory pressure [PEmax ]) and endurance, lung function (FVC, FEV1 , and peak expiratory flow [PEF]), dyspnea, and activity...
May 29, 2018: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808762/cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-reveals-subclinical-abnormalities-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#19
Danielle L Kirkman, Bryce J Muth, Joseph M Stock, Raymond R Townsend, David G Edwards
Background Reductions in exercise capacity associated with exercise intolerance augment cardiovascular disease risk and predict mortality in chronic kidney disease. This study utilized cardiopulmonary exercise testing to (a) investigate mechanisms of exercise intolerance; (b) unmask subclinical abnormalities that may precede cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease. Design The design of this study was cross-sectional. Methods Cardiopulmonary exercise testing was carried out in 31 Stage 3-4 chronic kidney disease patients (60 ± 11 years; estimated glomerular filtration rate 43 ± 13 ml/min/1...
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805783/a-pilot-study-of-user-satisfaction-and-perceived-helpfulness-of-the-swedish-version-of-the-mobile-app-ptsd-coach
#20
Martin Cernvall, Josefin Sveen, Kerstin Bergh Johannesson, Filip Arnberg
Background : There is a need for accessible interventions in the aftermath of traumatic events with documented efficacy for preventing or reducing negative mental health consequences. The PTSD Coach is a mobile app that has shown to be effective in reducing symptoms of posttraumatic stress (PTSS). Objective : The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the user satisfaction, perceived helpfulness and potential reductions of PTSS and symptoms of depression among participants using the Swedish version of the PTSD Coach...
2018: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
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