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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640029/enacting-pedagogy-in-curricula-on-the-vital-role-of-governance-in-medical-education
#1
Oscar Casiro, Glenn Regehr
Managing curricula and curricular change involves both a complex set of decisions and effective enactment of those decisions. The means by which decisions are made, implemented, and monitored constitute the governance of a program. Thus, effective academic governance is critical to effective curriculum delivery. Medical educators and medical education researchers have been invested heavily in issues of educational content, pedagogy, and design. However, relatively little consideration has been paid to the governance processes that ensure fidelity of implementation and ongoing refinements that will bring curricular practices increasingly in line with the pedagogical intent...
June 20, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638516/a-professionalism-curricular-model-to-promote-transformative-learning-among-residents
#2
Cecile M Foshee, Ali Mehdi, S Beth Bierer, Elias I Traboulsi, J Harry Isaacson, Abby Spencer, Cassandra Calabrese, Brian B Burkey
BACKGROUND: Using the frameworks of transformational learning and situated learning theory, we developed a technology-enhanced professionalism curricular model to build a learning community aimed at promoting residents' self-reflection and self-awareness. The RAPR model had 4 components: (1) Recognize: elicit awareness; (2) Appreciate: question assumptions and take multiple perspectives; (3) Practice: try new/changed perspectives; and (4) Reflect: articulate implications of transformed views on future actions...
June 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634530/the-role-of-medical-education-in-the-development-of-the-scientific-practice-of-medicine
#3
Lucien Cardinal, Alan Kaell
The authors describe the important role of medical schools and graduate medical education programs (residencies) in relationship to the advances in Medicine witnessed during the twentieth century; diagnosis, prognosis and treatment were revolutionized. This historical essay details the evolution of the education system and the successful struggle to introduce a uniform, science-based curriculum and bedside education. The result was successive generations of soundly educated physicians prepared with a broad knowledge in science, an understanding of laboratory methods and the ability to practice medicine at the bedside...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634517/introduction-of-a-quality-improvement-curriculum-in-the-department-of-internal-medicine-lincoln-medical-center
#4
Usha Venugopal, Moiz Kasubhai, Vikram Paruchuri
Community hospitals with limited resources struggle to engage physicians in Quality improvement initiatives. We introduced Quality Improvement (QI) curriculum for residents in response to ACGME requirements and surveyed the residents understanding of QI and their involvement in QI projects before and after the introduction of the curriculum. The current article describes our experiences with the process, the challenges and possible solutions to have a successful resident led QI initiative in a community hospital...
January 2017: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632905/the-malleable-brain-plasticity-of-neural-circuits-and-behavior-a-review-from-students-to-students
#5
REVIEW
Natascha Schaefer, Carola Rotermund, Eva-Maria Blumrich, Mychael V Lourenco, Pooja Joshi, Regina U Hegemann, Sumit Jamwal, Nilufar Ali, Ezra Michelet García Romero, Sorabh Sharma, Shampa Ghosh, Jitendra K Sinha, Hannah Loke, Vishal Jain, Katarzyna Lepeta, Ahmad Salamian, Mahima Sharma, Mojtaba Golpich, Katarzyna Nawrotek, Ramesh K Paidi, Sheila M Shahidzadeh, Tetsade Piermartiri, Elham Amini, Veronica Pastor, Yvette Wilson, Philip A Adeniyi, Ashok K Datusalia, Benham Vafadari, Vedangana Saini, Edna Suárez-Pozos, Neetu Kushwah, Paula Fontanet, Anthony J Turner
One of the most intriguing features of the brain is its ability to be malleable, allowing it to adapt continually to changes in the environment. Specific neuronal activity patterns drive long-lasting increases or decreases in the strength of synaptic connections, referred to as long-term potentiation (LTP) and long-term depression (LTD) respectively. Such phenomena have been described in a variety of model organisms, which are used to study molecular, structural, and functional aspects of synaptic plasticity...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632009/self-observation-and-peer-feedback-as-a-faculty-development-approach-for-problem-based-learning-tutors-a-program-evaluation
#6
Irène Garcia, Richard W James, Paul Bischof, Anne Baroffio
PROBLEM: Good teaching requires spontaneous, immediate, and appropriate action in response to various situations. It is even more crucial in problem-based learning (PBL) tutorials, as the tutors, while directing students toward the identification and attainment of learning objectives, must stimulate them to contribute to the process and provide them with constructive feedback. PBL tutors in medicine lack opportunities to receive feedback from their peers on their teaching strategies. Moreover, as tutorials provide little or no time to stop and think, more could be learned by reflecting on the experience than from the experience itself...
March 2, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632008/a-cloud-with-a-silver-lining-helping-students-learn-about-professionalism
#7
Rhea J Cohn, Margaret M Plack
PROBLEM: Educators face many challenges in teaching professionalism. Despite attempts to define professionalism, it remains abstract for students and often not fully appreciated until they are in clinic. Without a way to make it personally relevant, students will likely be less motivated to learn. INTERVENTION: We used student-generated word clouds to facilitate reflection and discussions, thereby helping students make their perceptions of professionalism more explicit...
February 16, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630698/physical-activity-in-the-classroom-to-prevent-childhood-obesity-a-pilot-study-in-santiago-chile
#8
Francisco Mardones, Pilar Arnaiz, Johana Soto-Sánchez, Juana Saavedra, Angélica Domínguez, Jaime Rozowski, Laura Iriarte, Jennifer Cantwell Wood
This paper describes a 4-month pilot study that tested the suitability of a physical activity intervention for first graders (children aged 6 and 7 years) in a public school in Santiago, Chile. Teachers were trained to deliver the programme in the classroom during the school day. Teachers were surveyed to determine if this intervention fit within their curriculum and classroom routines and they reported in a focus group that it was suitable for them. All children actively participated in the programme and positive changes in their attitudes towards physical activity were observed by their teachers...
2017: Journal of Nutritional Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619409/student-reflection-papers-on-a-global-clinical-experience-a-qualitative-study
#9
Carmi Z Margolis, Robert M Rohrbaugh, Luisa Tsang, Jennifer Fleischer, Mark J Graham, Anne Kellett, Janet P Hafler
BACKGROUND: Many of the 70,000 graduating US medical students [per year] have reported participating in a global health activity at some stage of medical school. This case study design provided a method for understanding the student's experience that included student's learning about culture, health disparities, exposure and reaction to a range of diseases actually encountered. The broad diversity of themes among students indicated that the GCE provided a flexible, personalized experience...
March 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617194/impact-of-online-toxicology-training-on-health-professionals-the-global-educational-toxicology-uniting-project-getup
#10
Anselm Wong, Rais Vohra, Andrew H Dawson, Andrew Stolbach
OBJECTIVE: The Global Educational Toxicology Uniting Project (GETUP), supported by the American College of Medical Toxicology, links countries with and without toxicology services via distance education with the aim to improve education. Due to the lack of toxicology services in some countries there is a knowledge gap in the management of poisonings. We describe our experience with the worldwide delivery of an online introductory toxicology curriculum to emergency doctors and other health professionals treating poisoned patients...
June 15, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611067/maximising-paediatricians-roles-in-improving-children-s-oral-health-lessons-from-leicester
#11
REVIEW
Jasmine Murphy, Rod Moore
AIMS: To provide an overview of steps taken to improve oral health in one UK city and to review factors relevant to maximising the contribution that paediatricians (and potentially other health professionals) can make to improving oral health. METHODS: The article provides information on the strategic approach taken in Leicester, one of the most ethnically diverse cities in England, and also one of the most deprived. Over a third of children aged 3 years, and half of those aged 5 years, have experience of obvious dental decay...
June 13, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610442/the-effect-of-a-corrective-functional-exercise-program-on-postural-thoracic-kyphosis-in-teenagers-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Qiang Feng, Mei Wang, Yanfeng Zhang, Yu Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of a corrective functional exercise program on postural thoracic kyphosis in teenagers in China. DESIGN: A single-blind randomized controlled trial including students with a thoracic kyphosis angle (TKA) >40° measured using the SpinalMouse. SETTING: China Institute of Sport Science and three middle schools in Beijing, China. SUBJECTS: A total of 181 subjects were included in this trial; of these, 164 subjects were included in the analyses (intervention group, n = 81; control group, n = 83)...
June 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606379/launchpad-for-onboarding-new-faculty-into-academic-life
#13
Toshimasa Clark, Janet Corral, Eric Nyberg, Tami Bang, Premal Trivedi, Peter Sachs, Tatum Mcarthur, Jonathan Flug, Carol Rumack
We developed a faculty professional development seminar series in order to facilitate the integration of our numerous new faculty into academics. The changing nature of the healthcare system, increasing clinical and administrative responsibility, and lack of access to senior mentors can hinder junior faculty productivity and possibly increase attrition. Given that no ready-made resources existed to address these issues we established a Professional Development Committee, developed a curriculum that covers relevant topics including promotion, mentorship, conflict management and feedback, and effective presentation of scientific data, and instituted changes iteratively based upon feedback...
April 27, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605275/exploring-social-work-student-education-the-effect-of-a-harm-reduction-curriculum-on-student-knowledge-and-attitudes-regarding-opioid-use-disorders
#14
Anthony Estreet, Paul Archibald, M Taqi Tirmazi, Sapphire Goodman, Tracy Cudjoe
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the degree to which a harm reduction intervention course module impacted MSW students' knowledge and attitudes towards addressing opioid use disorder issues and clients. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods approach, data from 124 MSW students was collected between 2011 and 2015. Students completed a 3 hour-course module that focused on harm reduction (HR) philosophy and interventions specifically for opioid use disorders. Students completed pre and posttest of the Harm Reduction Attitude Scale...
June 12, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600042/the-effectiveness-of-clinical-problem-based-learning-model-of-medico-jurisprudence-education-on-general-law-knowledge-for-obstetrics-gynecological-interns
#15
Hui-Chin Chang, Ning-Yen Wang, Wen-Ru Ko, You-Tsz Yu, Long-Yau Lin, Hui-Fang Tsai
OBJECTIVE: The effective education method of medico-jurisprudence for medical students is unclear. The study was designed to evaluate the effectiveness of problem-based learning (PBL) model teaching medico-jurisprudence in clinical setting on General Law Knowledge (GLK) for medical students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Senior medical students attending either campus-based law curriculum or Obstetrics/Gynecology (Ob/Gyn) clinical setting morning meeting from February to July in 2015 were enrolled...
June 2017: Taiwanese Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599762/co-teaching-exploring-an-alternative-for-integrated-curriculum
#16
Sadhana Sharma, Ravikirti, Asgar Ali, Roshan Takhelmayum, Mala Mahto, Rathish Nair
PURPOSE: Currently, the curriculum of medical education is compartmentalized which makes achieving the expected outcome, a real challenge. Co-teaching, an existing concept in education, however, may be used in medical education for integrating the applied component while basic concepts are being taught. The hypothesis, "can co-teaching be an alternate for an integrated curriculum?" was explored in this study. Therefore, the present study was designed to compare the outcomes of co-teaching with the existing teaching methodology owing to the absence of integrated curriculum...
July 2017: Journal of the National Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598748/implementing-competency-based-medical-education-what-changes-in-curricular-structure-and-processes-are-needed
#17
Markku T Nousiainen, Kelly J Caverzagie, Peter C Ferguson, Jason R Frank
Medical educators must prepare for a number of challenges when they decide to implement a competency-based curriculum. Many of these challenges will pertain to three key aspects of implementation: organizing the structural changes that will be necessary to deliver new curricula and methods of assessment; modifying the processes of teaching and evaluation; and helping to change the culture of education so that the CBME paradigm gains acceptance. This paper focuses on nine key considerations that will support positive change in first two of these areas...
June 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597870/potential-bias-factors-that-affect-the-course-evaluation-of-students-in-preclinical-courses
#18
Su Jin Chae, Miran Kim, Ki Hong Chang, Yoon-Sok Chung
PURPOSE: We aim to identify what potential bias factors affected students' overall course evaluation, and to observe what factors should be considered in the curriculum evaluation system of medical schools. METHODS: This study analyzed students' ratings of preclinical instructions at the Ajou University School of Medicine. The ratings of instructions involved 41 first-year and 45 second-year medical students. RESULTS: There was a statistically significant difference between years of study and ratings' scoring...
June 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593242/primary-care-based-skin-cancer-screening-in-a-veterans-affairs-health-care-system
#19
Susan M Swetter, Julia Chang, Amanda R Shaub, Martin A Weinstock, Eleanor T Lewis, Steven M Asch
Importance: Skin cancer screening may improve melanoma outcomes and keratinocyte carcinoma morbidity, but little is known about the feasibility of skin cancer training and clinical skin examination (CSE) by primary care practitioners (PCPs) in large health care systems. Objective: To assess the association of skin cancer training and screening by PCPs with dermatology referral patterns and rates of skin biopsies. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this pilot interventional study performed at the Veterans Affairs Palo Alto Health Care System, patients 35 years or older scheduled for an annual health habits screen in the PCP general medicine clinics were studied...
June 7, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585981/curriculum-revision-student-stress-and-lessons-learned
#20
Susan Mills, Anne M Krouse, Rose Rossi-Schwartz, Jean M Klein
BACKGROUND: Curricular revision and engaging students in learning are important aspects of preparing students for a complex health care environment. The purpose of this study was to identify student perceptions of active learning practices incorporated into the junior year of a new curriculum. METHOD: A descriptive qualitative design using focus group interviews for data collection was used to explore student perceptions of stress, engagement, and self-directed learning in an active learning environment...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
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