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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728037/including-the-online-feedback-site-patient-opinion-in-the-nursing-curriculum-exploratory-study
#1
Ray Jones, Kim Young, James Munro, Heather Miller, Stephanie Brelsford, Jennie Aronsson, Benny Goodman, Jane Peters
BACKGROUND: Globally, universities aim to involve people who use health services to enrich the nursing curriculum for students, but there can be barriers to this involvement. Many also want students to contribute to local communities. Online communication can help connect students to service users to achieve these aims. The online British patient feedback site, Patient Opinion, gathers comments from service users about services and encourages service responses to the comments. OBJECTIVES: To explore the feasibility and acceptability of five ways of including Patient Opinion in the undergraduate nursing curriculum...
July 12, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725787/nder-a-novel-web-application-for-teaching-histology-to-medical-students
#2
Elizabeth U Parker, Nicholas P Reder, Daniel Glasser, Jonathan Henriksen, Mark R Kilgore, Mara H Rendi
Medical students require a strong foundation in normal histology. However, current trends in medical school curricula have diminished time devoted to histology. Thus, there is a need for more efficient methods of teaching histology. We have developed a novel software program (Novel Diagnostic Educational Resource; https://pcs-webtest0.pathology.washington.edu/academics/pattern/) that uses annotated whole slide images to teach normal histology. Whole slide images of a wide variety of tissues were annotated by a trainee and validated by an experienced pathologist...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724155/a-family-systems-curriculum-back-to-the-future
#3
Rebekah Schiefer, Alexandra Verdieck Devlaeminck, Holly Hofkamp, Sheldon Levy, Demetrio Sanchez, John Muench
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although both residents and teaching faculty endorse its value, a recent review of family medicine residency programs confirms minimal formal family systems theory training. We consider the historical context of family systems training in family medicine and other competing priorities in practice and residency curricula. METHODS: We developed a longitudinal family systems curriculum, delivered in the third year of a 4-year residency program, and evaluated 2 years of the program using scales to assess self-reported confidence, knowledge and skills...
July 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716879/international-issues-teleneurology-in-humanitarian-crises-lessons-from-the-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-experience
#4
Altaf Saadi, Farrah J Mateen
Humanitarian emergencies defined by armed conflict, political strife, famine, or natural disaster can devastate populations rapidly. Neurologic disorders accompany these complex humanitarian emergencies but often go unheeded, exacerbated by a scarcity of neurologists. Teleneurology offers the promise of neurologic care remotely in the face of this inadequate local clinician supply. We describe our experiences as voluntary neurology teleconsultants with Médecins Sans Frontières in order to highlight both the promises and challenges of teleneurology in humanitarian contexts...
July 18, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708457/assessment-of-self-perceived-knowledge-in-e-health-among-undergraduate-students
#5
Sisira Edirippulige, Mayukh Samanta, Nigel R Armfield
OBJECTIVE: Growing research evidence shows the value of e-health in healthcare delivery. While efforts are made to implement e-health in mainstream healthcare, relatively modest attention has been paid to develop e-health knowledge and skills in health practitioners. Using a pre-post design, in this study, we aimed to examine self-reported knowledge and perception changes associated with an e-health course offered to university undergraduate students in Australia. METHODS: Pre- and postsurveys were used to examine self-reported knowledge and perception changes relating to e-health among undergraduate students...
July 14, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707630/how-innovative-and-conventional-curricula-prepare-medical-students-for-practice-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-comparative-study-from-mozambique
#6
Janneke M Frambach, Beatriz A F Manuel, Afonso M T Fumo, Bernard Groosjohan, Cees P M Van Der Vleuten, Erik W Driessen
BACKGROUND: Medical education in Sub-Saharan Africa is in need of reform to promote the number and quality of physicians trained. Curriculum change and innovation in this region, however, face a challenging context that may affect curriculum outcomes. Research on outcomes of curriculum innovation in Sub-Saharan Africa is scarce. We investigated curriculum outcomes in a Sub-Saharan African context by comparing students' perceived preparedness for practice within three curricula in Mozambique: a conventional curriculum and two innovative curricula...
January 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705524/change-management-a-radiology-administrator-s-primer
#7
Prabhakar Rajiah, Puneet Bhargava
Radiology is no exception to the ubiquitous presence of change in every aspect of our life. Managing change is a challenge, with a high probability of failure if not properly implemented. While change management is not part of the radiology curriculum, it is a highly specialized discipline in the business world. It has been extensively researched and has emerged as a vital skillset in the management of major projects. In this article, the authors discuss how these change management strategies of the business world can be put to use in the radiologists's practice...
June 6, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699045/effectiveness-of-nutrition-intervention-in-a-selected-group-of-overweight-and-obese-african-american-preschoolers
#8
Yulyu Yeh, Kathryn Brogan Hartlieb, Cynthia Danford, K-L Catherine Jen
High prevalence of childhood obesity persists as a public health concern in the USA. However, limited study has been conducted on the effectiveness of nutrition education focused on African-American (AA) preschoolers (PSLRs) in the preschool settings. The aim of this pilot study was to explore the effectiveness of nutrition education on AA PSLR's health. A convenience sample of 164 PSLRs (95% AA, 44% female) from six Head Start (HS) centers in a Midwestern metropolitan area was randomly assigned to 3 groups: intervention group A, standard curriculum plus nutrition education for PSLRs; intervention group B, standard curriculum plus nutrition education for PSLRs and their caregivers (CGs); and control group, standard curriculum...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696053/learning-effectiveness-and-satisfaction-of-international-medical-students-introducing-a-hybrid-pbl-curriculum-in-biochemistry
#9
Qiu Yan, Li Ma, Lina Zhu, Wenli Zhang
A biochemistry course is a fundamental but important subject in medical education in China. In recent years, the number of international medical students has increased. Curriculum reform in biochemistry teaching is needed because of the knowledge limitations of students, a close linkage of biochemical content with clinics, the shortcomings of lecture-centered teaching, and the requirements for early clinical practice training and competence. In this study, we analyzed a novel curriculum reform, "Hybrid-PBL," which combined problem-based learning (PBL) with biochemistry lectures and was implemented for biochemical teaching at Dalian Medical University (DMU) in China...
July 8, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695561/medical-challenges-at-the-end-of-the-first-ten-decades-of-life
#10
Thomas Münzer
Demographic changes worldwide challenge the healthcare system. Advanced age is associated with a number of biological alterations that, together with concomitant comorbidities, increase the risk for functional decline by inducing functional disintegration. In this concept frailty and sarcopenia play an important role. Consequently the preservation of muscle mass and function are prominent targets of medicine in old age. In order to professionally care for persons in their last years of life several other factors influencing medical decisions regarding diagnostic and treatments are important...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691572/using-systems-thinking-to-train-future-leaders-in-global-health
#11
Anne Paxton, Laura J Frost
Systems Thinking provides a useful set of concepts and tools that can be used to train students to be effective and innovative global health leaders in an ever-changing and often chaotic world. This paper describes an experiential, multi-disciplinary curriculum that uses Systems Thinking to frame and analyse global health policies and practices. The curriculum uses case studies and hands-on activities to deepen students' understanding of the following concepts: complex adaptive systems, dynamic complexity, inter-relationships, feedback loops, policy resistance, mental models, boundary critique, leverage points, and multi-disciplinary, multi-sectoral, and multi-stakeholder thinking and action...
July 9, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28683558/supporting-university-students-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#12
Ashleigh Hillier, Jody Goldstein, Deirdra Murphy, Rhoda Trietsch, Jacqueline Keeves, Eva Mendes, Alexa Queenan
Increasing numbers of students with autism spectrum disorder are entering higher education. Their success can be jeopardized by organizational, social/emotional, and academic challenges if appropriate supports are not in place. Our objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a support group model for university students with autism spectrum disorder in improving psychological and functional outcomes. A curriculum guided the weekly discussions and consisted of topics such as time and stress management, managing group work, and social communication...
June 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682295/implementing-a-chronic-wound-care-curriculum-for-internal-medicine-residents
#13
Elizabeth Foy White-Chu, Tri Le, Renee Cordrey
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine if participation in a practice-based learning session would change the residents' reported wound care practice. METHODS: A 90-minute didactic and skills workshop in chronic wound care was provided to 89 internal medicine (IM) residents divided into 4 groups, who were asked to complete an anonymous clinical vignette survey prior to the session and again 3 months after the practice-based learning session. RESULTS: Comparisons of the pretest and posttest scores (Mann-Whitney U Test) showed only ordering moisture-retentive dressing changed significantly...
June 2017: Wounds: a Compendium of Clinical Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681652/building-an-environmentally-accountable-medical-curriculum-through-international-collaboration
#14
Sarah Catherine Walpole, Aditya Vyas, Janie Maxwell, Ben J Canny, Robert Woollard, Caroline Wellbery, Kathleen E Leedham-Green, Peter Musaeus, Uzma Tufail-Hanif, Karina Pavão Patrício, Hanna-Andrea Rother
BACKGROUND: Global environmental change is associated with significant health threats. The medical profession can address this challenge through advocacy, health system adaptation and workforce preparedness. Stewardship of health systems with attention to their environmental impacts can contribute to mitigation of and adaptation to negative health impacts of environmental change. Medical schools have an integral role in training doctors who understand the interdependence of ecosystems and human health...
July 6, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680869/challenges-of-phd-graduated-nurses-for-role-acceptance-as-a-clinical-educator-a-qualitative-study
#15
Yousef Haghighi Moghadam, Foroozan Atashzadeh-Shoorideh, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Aram Feizi
Introduction: Clinical education is the core component of nursing education. PhD graduated nurses who are faculty members can play a main role in clinical instruction. However, there is not clear understanding about the challenges which they may encounter for accepting their role as clinical educator. The aim of this study was to explore the challenges of role acceptance by PhD aduated nurses who are faculty members. Methods: In this qualitative exploratory study a total of 13 participants (8 PhD graduated in nursing, 3 head of departments of nursing, one educational vice chancellor of nursing school, and one nurse) were selected by purposive sampling method...
June 2017: Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678103/using-complexity-theory-to-guide-medical-school-evaluations
#16
Christine Jorm, Chris Roberts
Contemporary medical school evaluations are narrow in focus and often do not consider the wider systems implications of the relationship between learning and teaching, research, clinical care, and community engagement. The result is graduates who lack the necessary knowledge and skills for the modern health care system and an educational system that is limited in its ability to learn and change.To address this issue, the authors apply complexity theory to medical school evaluation, using four key factors-nesting, diversity, self-organization, and emergent outcomes...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678099/shifting-the-curve-fostering-academic-success-in-a-diverse-student-body
#17
Martha L Elks, Janice Herbert-Carter, Marjorie Smith, Brenda Klement, Brandi Brandon Knight, Ngozi F Anachebe
PROBLEM: Diversity in the health care workforce is key to achieving health equity. Although U.S. medical schools have worked to increase the matriculation and academic success of underrepresented minority (URM) students (African Americans, Latinos, others), they have had only limited success. Lower standardized test scores, including on the Medical College Admission Test (MCAT), have been a barrier to matriculation for many URM applicants. Lower subsequent standardized exam scores, including on the United States Medical Licensing Exam Step 1, also have been an impediment to students' progress, with mean scores for URM students lagging behind those for others...
July 3, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674302/effect-of-ipe-on-medical-profession-education-and-expectations-of-pharmacists-from-the-perspective-of-nurses
#18
Ikuko Sakai
 On January 1, 2015, the Interprofessional Education Research Center (IPERC) was opened at the Graduate School of Nursing at Chiba University, while being positioned as one of the Inohana Campus High Functionality Initiatives by the university. As the result of the establishment of an education research center in the nursing graduate school, various changes are coming into view. In particular, the active participation of young instructors of the medical, nursing, and pharmacology departments and university hospital in interprofessional education (IPE) efforts deserve special mention...
2017: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666591/educating-for-the-marine-environment-challenges-for-schools-and-scientists
#19
Annette Gough
Environmental education has long been recognized as critical for achieving environmental awareness, values and attitudes, skills and behaviour consistent with sustainable development and for effective participation in environmental decision-making. Since the Declaration of the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment concerns about marine pollution and ecotoxicology, among other environmental challenges, should be included in environmental education. However, in the more than forty years since this significant environmental Declaration, marine education has struggled to find a place in the school curriculum of most countries, even though issues such as climate change, chemical contamination of marine environments, coastal eutrophication, and seafood safety continue to threaten human and other species' well-being...
June 27, 2017: Marine Pollution Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666535/effects-of-a-preschool-intervention-on-physical-activity-and-body-composition
#20
Kristi Bree Adamo, Niko Sebastian Wasenius, Kimberly Paige Grattan, Alysha Leila Jean Harvey, Patti-Jean Naylor, Nicolas James Barrowman, Gary Scott Goldfield
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of a preschool physical activity intervention program delivered in licensed childcare settings, with or without a parent-facilitated home component, on children's daily physical activity, sedentary time, and body composition. STUDY DESIGN: For this cluster randomized controlled trial, 18 childcare centers were randomly allocated in equal numbers to the typical curriculum comparison group, childcare intervention alone (CC), or childcare intervention with parental involvement...
June 27, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
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