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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221534/on-becoming-a-global-citizen-transformative-learning-through-global-health-experiences
#1
Debra K Litzelman, Adrian Gardner, Robert M Einterz, Philip Owiti, Charity Wambui, Jordan C Huskins, Kathleen M Schmitt-Wendholt, Geren S Stone, Paul O Ayuo, Thomas S Inui, Rachel A Umoren
BACKGROUND: Globalization has increased the demand for international experiences in medical education. International experiences improve medical knowledge, clinical skills, and self-development; influence career objectives; and provide insights on ethical and societal issues. However, global health rotations can end up being no more than tourism if not structured to foster personal transformation and global citizenship. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a qualitative assessment of trainee-reported critical incidents to more deeply understand the impact of our global health experience on trainees...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221459/team-based-learning-tbl-in-the-medical-curriculum-better-than-pbl
#2
Annette Burgess, Jane Bleasel, Inam Haq, Chris Roberts, Roger Garsia, Tomas Robertson, Craig Mellis
BACKGROUND: Internationally, medical schools have long used a variety of approaches to develop hybrid Problem based learning (PBL) curricula. However, Team-based learning (TBL), has gained recent popularity in medical education. TBL maintains the advantages of small group teaching and learning, but in contrast to Problem-based learning (PBL), does not require large numbers of tutors. In 2016, TBL was introduced to Year 1 of the Sydney Medical Program (SMP).This study sought to compare students' perceptions of using TBL in place of PBL...
December 8, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216895/-we-do-not-know-a-qualitative-study-exploring-boys-perceptions-of-menstruation-in-india
#3
Linda Mason, Muthusamy Sivakami, Harshad Thakur, Narendra Kakade, Ashley Beauman, Kelly T Alexander, Anna Maria van Eijke, Kayla F Laserson, Mamita B Thakkar, Penelope A Phillips-Howard
BACKGROUND: In low-middle income countries and other areas of poverty, menstrual hygiene management (MHM) can be problematic for women and girls. Issues include lack of knowledge about menstruation and MHM, and stigma around menstruation, also access to affordable and absorbent materials; privacy to change; adequate washing, cleaning and drying facilities; as well as appropriate and accessible disposal facilities. In order to effect change and tackle these issues, particularly in patriarchal societies, males may need to become advocates for MHM alongside women...
December 8, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215301/the-positioning-of-aboriginal-students-and-their-languages-within-australia-s-education-system-a-human-rights-perspective
#4
Leonard A Freeman, Bea Staley
This paper is a critical review of past and present languages policies in Australian schooling. We highlight the One Literacy movement that contravenes the human rights of Australia's Aboriginal students. This in turn impacts students' right to freedom of opinion and expression as stated in Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The One Literacy movement operates by equating Standard Australian English literacy acquisition with Australia's global competitiveness and economic success. There is only one pathway through the Australian English curriculum with common assessments and standards...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212475/implementation-of-shared-decision-making-in-oncology-development-and-pilot-study-of-a-nurse-led-decision-coaching-programme-for-women-with-ductal-carcinoma-in-situ
#5
Birte Berger-Höger, Katrin Liethmann, Ingrid Mühlhauser, Anke Steckelberg
BACKGROUND: To implement informed shared decision-making (ISDM) in breast care centres, we developed and piloted an inter-professional complex intervention. METHODS: We developed an intervention consisting of three components: an evidence-based patient decision aid (DA) for women with ductal carcinoma in situ, a decision-coaching led by specialised nurses (breast care nurses and oncology nurses) and structured physician encounters. In order to enable professionals to gain ISDM competencies, we developed and tested a curriculum-based training programme for specialised nurses and a workshop for physicians...
December 6, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208789/general-dental-practitioners-as-potential-responders-to-disaster-scenario-in-a-highly-disaster-prone-area-an-explorative-study
#6
Gururaghavendran Rajesh, Almas Binnal, Mithun Bh Pai, Vijayendranath Nayak, Ramya Shenoy, Ashwini Rao
AIM: The aim of this study is to obtain insights pertaining to disaster management among Indian general dental practitioners (GDPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All GDPs in Mangaluru city, Karnataka, India, were included in the present study. Their willingness to participate in disaster management and their objective knowledge, attitude, behavior, and perceived effectiveness related to disaster management were assessed by a structured, pretested, self-administered questionnaire...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208617/stigma-towards-mental-illness-among-medical-and-nursing-students-in-singapore-a-cross-sectional-study
#7
Sherilyn Chang, Hui Lin Ong, Esmond Seow, Boon Yiang Chua, Edimansyah Abdin, Ellaisha Samari, Wen Lin Teh, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
OBJECTIVES: To assess stigma towards people with mental illness among Singapore medical and nursing students using the Opening Minds Stigma Scale for Health Care Providers (OMS-HC), and to examine the relationship of students' stigmatising attitudes with sociodemographic and education factors. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study conducted in Singapore PARTICIPANTS: The study was conducted among 1002 healthcare (502 medical and 500 nursing) students during April to September 2016...
December 4, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208032/junior-rounds-an-educational-initiative-to-improve-role-transitions-for-junior-residents
#8
Richard Dunbar-Yaffe, Wayne L Gold, Peter E Wu
OBJECTIVE: At our institution, Morning Report focuses mostly on diagnostic reasoning. This makes it a challenge for first-year residents to learn to manage common on-call emergencies, such as hyperkalemia. We sought to improve their preparedness for the transitions they would encounter: from medical student to physician at the beginning of the academic year, and from junior resident to senior resident toward the end. In response to feedback, we developed the Junior Rounds curriculum: a weekly session focused on the approach to commonly encountered on-call emergencies and internal medicine referrals...
December 6, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207458/implementation-of-problem-based-learning-in-medical-education-in-korea
#9
Sanghee Yeo, Bong Hyun Chang
PURPOSE: This study aims to identify how problem-based learning (PBL) has been implemented in Korean medical education, and how it is evaluated by each medical school. METHODS: For this study, a total of 40 medical schools in Korea were surveyed via e-mail. The survey tool was a questionnaire consisting of 22 questions which was developed independently by the researchers. RESULTS: Of the 40 medical schools, 35 schools were implementing PBL programs in their medical curriculum, while five were found not currently to be running the program...
December 2017: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206268/infusing-systems-and-quality-improvement-throughout-an-undergraduate-nursing-curriculum
#10
Sara A McComb, Jane M Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Nurse educators are constantly revising curricula to ensure that graduating nurses have the requisite skills for today's fast-paced, rapidly changing, nonlinear complex care environment. Key nursing education and practice organizations identify systems thinking and quality improvement as essential skills for nurses at the point of care. METHOD: Systems thinking and quality improvement were embedded across a Bachelor of Nursing (BSN) curriculum in a manner that does not dislocate other, more traditional content...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205776/the-graduating-european-dentist-contemporaneous-methods-of-teaching-learning-and-assessment-in-dental-undergraduate-education
#11
J C Field, A D Walmsley, C Paganelli, J McLoughlin, S Szep, A Kavadella, M C Manzanares Cespedes, J R Davies, E DeLap, G Levy, J Gallagher, V Roger-Leroi, J G Cowpe
It is often the case that good teachers just "intuitively" know how to teach. Whilst that may be true, there is now a greater need to understand the various processes that underpin both the ways in which a curriculum is delivered, and the way in which the students engage with learning; curricula need to be designed to meet the changing needs of our new graduates, providing new, and robust learning opportunities, and be communicated effectively to both staff and students. The aim of this document is to draw together robust and contemporaneous methods of teaching, learning and assessment that help to overcome some of the more traditional barriers within dental undergraduate programmes...
December 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200089/designing-a-new-model-for-clinical-education-an-innovative-approach
#12
Kathryn Shaffer, Beth Ann Swan, Mary Bouchaud
To keep pace with the ever-changing health care delivery system, it is important to transform the way future nurses are educated, both in classroom and in clinical settings, to care for people along the life and care continuum, not only in acute-care settings. The purpose of this article is to describe a new approach to educating baccalaureate nursing students using immersion practicums that expose students to population health, transitions of care, care coordination, and the multiple roles a nurse engages in along the continuum...
December 1, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190406/development-of-a-multifaceted-health-disparities-curriculum-for-medical-residents
#13
Ashley H Noriea, Nicole Redmond, Rebekah A Weil, William A Curry, Monica E Peek, Lisa L Willett
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Health disparities education is required during residency training. However, residency program directors cite numerous barriers to implementing disparities curricula, and few publications describing successful disparities curricula exist in the literature. In this report, we describe the development, implementation, and early evaluation of a longitudinal health disparities curriculum for resident physicians. We provide resource references, process, and didactic toolkits to facilitate use by other residency programs...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190403/family-medicine-didactics-revisited
#14
Dennis J Butler, Joseph Brocato, Mark Yeazel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: All family medicine programs are required to provide specialty-specific didactic conferences for residents. Since a baseline study of family medicine didactic formats was published in 2000, training requirements have changed, core content has evolved, and new teaching strategies have been recommended. The present study examines the characteristics of current family medicine didactics, compares current and past conference format data, and identifies factors affecting content selection...
November 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179724/intervention-fidelity-in-the-definitive-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-healthy-lifestyles-programme-help-trial-findings-from-the-process-evaluation
#15
Jenny Lloyd, Sarah Dean, Siobhan Creanor, Charles Abraham, Melvyn Hillsdon, Emma Ryan, Katrina M Wyatt
BACKGROUND: The Healthy Lifestyles Programme (HeLP) was a novel school-located intervention for 9-10 year olds, designed to prevent obesity by changing patterns of child behaviour through the creation of supportive school and home environments using dynamic and creative delivery methods. This paper reports on both the quantitative and qualitative data regarding the implementation of the HeLP intervention in the definitive cluster randomised controlled trial, which was part of the wider process evaluation...
November 28, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174856/the-child-neurology-trainee-as-teacher-a-clinical-teaching-curriculum-tailored-to-learners-needs-and-developmental-roles
#16
Miya E Bernson-Leung, David K Urion
BACKGROUND: Clinical teaching skills programs for resident physicians are increasingly offered. Less attention has been devoted to the unique educational roles of specialty residents and subspecialty fellows, many of whom will become academic faculty physicians. These teaching roles, and therefore a trainee's learning needs and motivation, also change over the course of training. METHODS: We designed and implemented a two-year longitudinal teaching curriculum for child neurology and neurodevelopmental disabilities residents using adult learning theory principles: experiential learning and immediate applicability to specific roles...
September 21, 2017: Pediatric Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171321/changes-in-medical-student-implicit-attitudes-following-a-health-equity-curricular-intervention
#17
Katie F Leslie, Susan Sawning, M Ann Shaw, Leslee J Martin, Ryan C Simpson, Jennifer E Stephens, V Faye Jones
PURPOSE: This study assessed the: (1) effect of an LGBTQI + health equity curriculum (eQuality) on implicit attitudes among first (M1) and second year (M2) medical students and (2) utility of dedicated time to explore implicit bias. METHOD: Implicit biases were assessed at baseline using implicit association tests (IAT) for all M2s and a random sample of first years (M1A). These students were then debriefed on strategies to mitigate bias. Following eQuality, all M1 and M2s completed post-intervention IATs...
November 24, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170056/choose-health-food-fun-and-fitness-youth-curriculum-promotes-positive-behaviors
#18
Wendy S Wolfe, Michelle Scott-Pierce, Jamie Dollahite
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate whether participation in Choose Health: Food, Fun, and Fitness (CHFFF), a hands-on, experiential curriculum aimed at third- to sixth-graders, resulted in improvements in the targeted obesity and chronic disease prevention behaviors. METHODS: The researchers evaluated CHFFF in low-income youth participating in 2 federal programs in New York State during 2013-2015. Food and activity behaviors were assessed using the Expanded Food and Nutrition Education Program third- through fifth- and sixth- through eighth-grade pre-post surveys, along with 2 sets of added CHFFF-specific items completed by subsamples...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167223/graduate-training-at-the-interface-of-computational-and-experimental-biology-an-outcome-report-from-a-partnership-of-volunteers-between-a-university-and-a-national-laboratory
#19
Albrecht G von Arnim, Anamika Missra
Leading voices in the biological sciences have called for a transformation in graduate education leading to the PhD degree. One area commonly singled out for growth and innovation is cross-training in computational science. In 1998, the University of Tennessee (UT) founded an intercollegiate graduate program called the UT-ORNL Graduate School of Genome Science and Technology in partnership with the nearby Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Here, we report outcome data that attest to the program's effectiveness in graduating computationally enabled biologists for diverse careers...
2017: CBE Life Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166930/a-prospective-cohort-study-identifying-risk-factors-for-shoulder-injuries-in-adolescent-elite-handball-players-the-karolinska-handball-study-khast-study-protocol
#20
Martin Asker, Markus Waldén, Henrik Källberg, Lena W Holm, Eva Skillgate
BACKGROUND: Handball is a physical contact sport that includes frequent overhead throwing, and this combination leads to a high rate of shoulder injuries. Several factors have been associated with shoulder injuries in overhead athletes, but strong scientific evidence is lacking for most suggested risk factors. We therefore designed the Karolinska Handball Study (KHAST) with the aim to identify risk factors for shoulder injuries in adolescent male and female elite handball players studying at handball-profiled secondary schools in Sweden...
November 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
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