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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821414/retention-of-vaginal-breech-delivery-skills-taught-in-simulation
#1
Heather Stone, Joan Crane, Kathy Johnston, Catherine Craig
OBJECTIVE: The optimal frequency of conducting simulation training for high-acuity, low-frequency events in obstetrics and gynaecology residency programs is unknown. This study evaluated retention over time of vaginal breech delivery skills taught in simulation, by comparing junior and senior residents. In addition, the residents' subjective comfort level to perform this skill clinically was assessed. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included 22 obstetrics and gynaecology residents in a Canadian residency training program...
August 15, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818786/a-pilot-yoga-physical-education-curriculum-to-promote-positive-body-image
#2
Anne E Cox, Sarah Ullrich-French, Holly S Howe, Amy N Cole
We examined the effects of a pilot yoga-based physical education (PE) curriculum by testing for change in trait body surveillance, physical self-worth, and body appreciation. Further, we examined the relationships among change in body image variables and the role of state mindfulness in predicting state body surveillance during classes. Adolescents participated in 12 weeks of yoga-based (n=20; Mage=16.45, 90% female) or traditional (n=23;Mage=14.52, 57% female) PE. Results showed significant (p=.004), moderate decreases in trait body surveillance and minimal nonsignificant (p=...
August 14, 2017: Body Image
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817516/after-the-gap-analysis-education-and-practice-changes-to-prepare-nurses-of-the-future
#3
Audrey Marie Beauvais, Meredith Wallace Kazer, Barbara Aronson, Suzanne E Conlon, Pamela Forte, Kathleen S Fries, Judith M Hahn, Russell Hullstrung, Meg Levvis, Paula McCauley, Patricia Padula Morgan, Linda Perfetto, Lisa M Rebeschi, Sheila B Solernou, Patricia Span, Lisa J Sundean
AIM: The purpose of the study was to describe the Connecticut Nursing Collaborative-Action Coalition's work in identifying and addressing gaps between nursing education and practice based on the Institute of Medicine's Future of Nursing report. BACKGROUND: Massachusetts Nurse of the Future (NOF) Competencies highlight the knowledge, skills, and attitudes/behaviors required for professional nurses. Integrating these concepts into the educational system will prepare the nursing workforce to respond to current/future health care needs and population health issues...
September 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817513/from-start-up-to-sustainability-a-decade-of-collaboration-to-shape-the-future-of-nursing
#4
Paula Gubrud, Angela G Spencer, Linda Wagner
AIM: This article describes progress the Oregon Consortium for Nursing Education has made toward addressing the academic progression goals provided by the 2011 Institute of Medicine's Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health report. BACKGROUND: The history of the consortium's development is described, emphasizing the creation of an efficient and sustainable organization infrastructure that supports a shared curriculum provided through a community college/university partnership...
September 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817479/comparison-of-instructional-methods-for-screening-brief-intervention-and-referral-to-treatment-for-substance-use-in-nursing-education
#5
Sarah Knopf-Amelung, Heather Gotham, Araba Kuofie, Pamela Young, Ronalda Manney Stinson, Jolene Lynn, Kendra Barker, Jessica Hildreth
Most nursing programs lack curriculum on substance use. This project evaluated 3 didactic instructional methods for teaching baccalaureate nursing students about screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment for substance use. In-person, asynchronous narrated slides and interactive online instructional methods were all effective in developing students' competency; however, active learning methods (in-person and interactive online course) were more effective in changing students' attitudes about their role in screening and intervening for drug use...
August 16, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817439/faculty-development-for-the-operating-room-an-examination-of-the-effectiveness-of-an-intraoperative-teaching-course-for-surgeons
#6
Aimee K Gardner, Matthew D Timberlake, Brian J Dunkin
OBJECTIVE: We describe a half-day faculty development course designed to equip surgical educators with evidence-based teaching frameworks shown to promote learning in the operating room (OR). We hypothesize that participating faculty will deliver improved instruction as perceived by residents. METHODS: Residents anonymously rated faculty teaching behaviors among whom they had recently worked in the OR (minimum 3 cases in preceding 6 months) using the Briefing - Intraoperative teaching - Debriefing Assessment Tool (BIDAT; 1 = never, 5 = always)...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817239/novel-dissection-of-the-central-nervous-system-to-bridge-gross-anatomy-and-neuroscience-for-an-integrated-medical-curriculum
#7
Rebecca J Hlavac, Rachel Klaus, Kourtney Betts, Shilo M Smith, Maureen E Stabio
Medical schools in the United States continue to undergo curricular change, reorganization, and reformation as more schools transition to an integrated curriculum. Anatomy educators must find novel approaches to teach in a way that will bridge multiple disciplines. The cadaveric extraction of the central nervous system (CNS) provides an opportunity to bridge gross anatomy, neuroanatomy, and clinical neurology. In this dissection, the brain, brainstem, spinal cord, cauda equina, optic nerve/tract, and eyes are removed in one piece so that the entire CNS and its gateway to the periphery through the spinal roots can be appreciated...
August 17, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816063/acute-cardiovascular-care-association-position-paper-on-intensive-cardiovascular-care-units-an-update-on-their-definition-structure-organisation-and-function
#8
Eric Bonnefoy-Cudraz, Hector Bueno, Gianni Casella, Elia De Maria, Donna Fitzsimons, Sigrun Halvorsen, Christian Hassager, Zaza Iakobishvili, Ahmed Magdy, Toomas Marandi, Jorge Mimoso, Alexander Parkhomenko, Susana Price, Richard Rokyta, Francois Roubille, Pranas Serpytis, Avi Shimony, Janina Stepinska, Diana Tint, Elina Trendafilova, Marco Tubaro, Christiaan Vrints, David Walker, Doron Zahger, Endre Zima, Robert Zuckerman, Maddalena Lettino
Acute cardiovascular care has progressed considerably since the last position paper was published 10 years ago. It is now a well-defined, complex field with demanding multidisciplinary teamworking. The Acute Cardiovascular Care Association has provided this update of the 2005 position paper on acute cardiovascular care organisation, using a multinational working group. The patient population has changed, and intensive cardiovascular care units now manage a large range of conditions from those simply requiring specialised monitoring, to critical cardiovascular diseases with associated multi-organ failure...
August 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810977/moving-beyond-accidental-leadership-a-graduate-medical-education-leadership-curriculum-needs-assessment
#9
Joshua D Hartzell, Clifton E Yu, Brian M Cohee, Michael R Nelson, Ramey L Wilson
BACKGROUND: Despite calls for greater physician leadership, few medical schools, and graduate medical education programs provide explicit training on the knowledge, skills, and attitudes necessary to be an effective physician leader. Rather, most leaders develop through what has been labeled "accidental leadership." A survey was conducted at Walter Reed to define the current status of leadership development and determine what learners and faculty perceived as key components of a leadership curriculum...
July 2017: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810418/preventing-cardiovascular-disease-participant-perspectives-of-the-faith-program
#10
LaPrincess C Brewer, Eleshia J Morrison, Joyce E Balls-Berry, Patrick Dean, Kandace Lackore, Sarah Jenkins, Consuelo Cohen, Jacqueline Johnson, Frances Ellis, D C Mangum, Sharonne N Hayes, Christi Patten
Striking cardiovascular health disparities exist among African-Americans in Minnesota compared to Whites; however, community-based interventions to address cardiovascular disease risk are lacking. This study explored participant perceptions of a culturally tailored, cardiovascular disease prevention program developed using a community-based participatory research process. Research participation perceptions, program benefits, and program satisfaction/acceptability were analyzed using a mixed-methods approach...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808567/community-based-saving-groups-an-innovative-approach-to-overcome-the-financial-and-social-barriers-in-health-care-seeking-by-the-women-in-the-rural-remote-communities-of-pakistan
#11
Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Qayyum Noorani, Shazia Abbas
BACKGROUND: In remote rural areas of Pakistan, access to the maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) care provided by a skilled health provider is quite difficult. There are many reasons such as women's restricted social mobility, lack of education, disenfranchised in decision making and poverty. To overcome these barriers and impediments in district Chitral, which is the largest territory in terms of geography in province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, local women of reproductive age, were mobilized to form the Community Based Saving Groups (CBSGs) at the village level...
2017: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807006/the-impact-of-active-stakeholder-involvement-on-recruitment-retention-and-engagement-of-schools-children-and-their-families-in-the-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-healthy-lifestyles-programme-help-a-school-based-intervention-to-prevent-obesity
#12
J Lloyd, C McHugh, J Minton, H Eke, K Wyatt
BACKGROUND: Recruitment and retention of participants is crucial for statistical power and internal and external validity and participant engagement is essential for behaviour change. However, many school-based interventions focus on programme content rather than the building of supportive relationships with all participants and tend to employ specific standalone strategies, such as incentives, to improve retention. We believe that actively involving stakeholders in both intervention and trial design improves recruitment and retention and increases the chances of creating an effective intervention...
August 14, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806648/to-embed-or-not-to-embed-a-longitudinal-study-exploring-the-impact-of-curriculum-design-on-the-evidence-based-practice-profiles-of-uk-pre-registration-nursing-students
#13
Laura Scurlock-Evans, Penney Upton, Joanne Rouse, Dominic Upton
BACKGROUND: The use of Evidence-Based Practice (EBP) is increasingly emphasized within healthcare. However, little research has focused on nurses' pre-registration training; particularly regarding the impact of curriculum-design on learning EBP. OBJECTIVES: This study compared the impact of embedding EBP throughout the curriculum, with modular-based teaching, on pre-registration nursing students' EBP profiles. DESIGN: A longitudinal panel study...
July 26, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803073/leadership-development-initiative-growing-global-leaders%C3%A2-advancing-palliative-care
#14
Frank D Ferris, Shannon Y Moore, Mary V Callaway, Kathleen M Foley
The International Palliative Care Leadership Development Initiative (LDI) is a model demonstration project that aimed to expand the global network of palliative care leaders in low and moderate-resource countries who are well positioned to apply their new leadership skills. Thirty-nine palliative medicine physicians from 25 countries successfully completed the 2-year curriculum that included three thematic residential courses, mentorship and site visits by senior global palliative care leaders, and personal projects to apply their new leadership skills...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28797276/preventive-medicine-as-a-first-or-second-choice-course-a-cross-sectional-survey-into-students-motivational-differences-and-implications-for-information-provision
#15
Van Anh Thi Nguyen, Karen D Könings, Albert J J A Scherpbier, Pamela Wright, Hoat Ngoc Luu, Jeroen J G van Merriënboer
BACKGROUND: Challenges in recruiting and retaining medical staff in preventive medical specialties have recently been the subject of numerous studies. To improve selection procedures, it is important to understand the career preferences and incentives of students in preventive medicine (PM), who initially marked the program as either their first choice or second choice. 1386 PM students in four Vietnamese medical schools participated in a survey using a structured, written questionnaire...
August 10, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796773/predictors-of-medical-student-remediation-and-their-underlying-causes-early-lessons-from-a-curriculum-change-in-the-university-of-auckland-medical-programme
#16
Brian Grainger, Jill Yielder, Papaarangi Reid, Warwick Bagg
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify predictors of remediation in a medical programme and assess the underlying causes and the quality of remediation provided within the context of a recent curriculum change. METHODS: A mixed methods study incorporating a retrospective cohort analysis of demographic predictors of remediation during 2013 and 2014, combined with thematic qualitative analysis of educator perspectives derived by interview on factors underlying remediation and the quality of that currently provided by the faculty...
August 11, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796597/a-home-based-type-2-diabetes-self-management-intervention-in-rural-guatemala
#17
David Flood, Jessica Hawkins, Peter Rohloff
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is a fundamental element of type 2 diabetes care. Although 75% of adults with diabetes worldwide live in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs), limited DSME research has been conducted in LMICs. The objective of this study was to evaluate a home-based DSME intervention in rural Guatemala. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study of a DSME intervention using a quasi-experimental, single-group pretest-posttest design...
August 10, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793835/culturally-tailoring-a-patient-empowerment-and-diabetes-education-curriculum-for-the-african-american-church
#18
Eric Whitney, Elijah Kindred, Abdullah Pratt, Yolanda O'Neal, Rev Chauncey P Harrison, Monica E Peek
Purpose The African American church has long been recognized as a valuable partner for health interventions in the community. While an extensive literature exists documenting the potential efficacy of diabetes education programs in church settings, there has yet to be an effort to leverage spiritual beliefs and practices to promote diabetes self-management and shared decision making within a faith-based framework that is culturally tailored to the African American church. The purpose of this article is to describe the translation of a clinic-based diabetes education program into faith-based education curriculum tailored for use in the African American church...
August 1, 2017: Diabetes Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793799/undergraduate-dermatology-education-in-canada-a-national-survey
#19
Angela Hu, Ron Vender
BACKGROUND: Canadian dermatology curriculum was reviewed in 1983, 1987, 1996, and 2008. All these surveys highlighted the disproportionately low level of dermatology teaching in relation to the significant amount of skin disease seen by physicians. Since the official adoption and dissemination of the Canadian Professors of Dermatology (CPD) core curriculum and competencies, there has been no assessment of how these changes have influenced dermatology curriculum. OBJECTIVE: This survey gathered information on the current status of undergraduate dermatology education across Canadian medical schools...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792300/an-exploration-of-experts-perceptions-on-the-use-of-interprofessional-education-to-support-collaborative-practice-in-the-care-of-community-living-older-adults
#20
Jenny Ploeg, Maureen Markle-Reid, Anita Fisher, Sue Bookey-Bassett, Tracey Chambers, Laurie Kennedy, Mona Morsy, Sinéad Dufour
Globally, as older adults are living longer and with more chronic conditions, there is a need to support their ability to age optimally in their homes and communities. Community-based interprofessional teams working closely with these older adults, their families, and informal caregivers will be instrumental in achieving this goal. Interprofessional education (IPE) is the means through which these teams can develop expertise in collaboratively working together with older adults. However, most IPE occurs in academic settings, and acute and long-term care sectors and little is known about IPE in the context of home and community care of older adults...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Interprofessional Care
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