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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549373/production-of-a-potential-liquid-plant-bio-stimulant-by-immobilized-piriformospora-indica-in-repeated-batch-fermentation-process
#1
Nikolay Vassilev, Bettina Eichler-Löbermann, Elena Flor-Peregrin, Vanessa Martos, Antonia Reyes, Maria Vassileva
Piriformospora indica, a mycorrhizal-like fungus able to establish associations with roots of a wide range of plants, supporting plant nutrition and increasing plant resistance and tolerance to stress, was shown to solubilise phosphate applied in the form of animal bone char (HABO) in fermentation systems. The process of P solubilisation was caused most likely by proton extrusion and medium pH lowering. The fungal mycelium was successfully immobilized/retained in a polyurethane foam carrier. Further employment of the immobilized mycelium in repeated-batch fermentation process resulted in at least 5 cycles of P solubilization...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549370/assessment-of-the-influence-of-key-abiotic-factors-on-the-alternative-microcystin-degradation-pathway-s-mlr-a-detailed-comparison-with-the-mlr-route-mlr
#2
Jesús Morón-López, Lucía Nieto-Reyes, Rehab El-Shehawy
Cyanobacterial proliferation and toxin production in water bodies around the world have led to global concern about the control of these issues. Indigenous bacteria have been shown to degrade the cyanotoxin microcystin (MC) in natural environments. The mlr cluster has been widely used as a marker for microcystin biodegradation; however, recent studies have shown that alternative pathway(s) also contribute to the natural removal of MCs in the ecosystem. The main objective of this study is to provide initial insights concerning how key abiotic factors affect the rate of MC biodegradation via alternative pathway(s) and to provide a detailed comparison with the mlr(+) pathway...
May 22, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549320/light-emission-miracle-in-the-sea-and-preeminent-applications-of-bioluminescence-in-recent-new-biotechnology
#3
Sana Sharifian, Ahmad Homaei, Roohullah Hemmati, Khosro Khajeh
Bioluminescence is referred to the light emission by a living organism due to a specific biochemical reaction. This interesting feature of the organisms could highly influences behavioral and ecosystem dynamics. Luminescence, mostly observed in marine species, is generally higher in deep-living genera than in benthic or shallow organisms. However, among creatures living in land, fireflies, beetles, springtails and fungi have shown some bioluminescent activities. Classically, the emission of light is catalyzed by luciferase from a substrate...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549304/landowner-preferences-for-wetlands-conservation-programs-in-two-southern-ontario-watersheds
#4
Ryan Trenholm, Wolfgang Haider, Van Lantz, Duncan Knowler, Pascal Haegeli
Wetlands in the region of Southern Ontario, Canada have declined substantially from their historic area. Existing regulations and programs have not abated this decline. However, reversing this trend by protecting or restoring wetlands will increase the supply of important ecosystem services. In particular, these actions will contribute to moderating the impacts of extreme weather predicted to result from climate change as well as reducing phosphorous loads in Lake Erie and ensuing eutrophication. Since the majority of land in the region is privately owned, landowners can play an important role...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549288/ecological-effects-of-soil-properties-and-metal-concentrations-on-the-composition-and-diversity-of-microbial-communities-associated-with-land-use-patterns-in-an-electronic-waste-recycling-region
#5
Wencheng Wu, Changxun Dong, Jiahui Wu, Xiaowen Liu, Yingxin Wu, Xianbin Chen, Shixiao Yu
Soil microbes play vital roles in ecosystem functions, and soil microbial communities may be strongly structured by land use patterns associated with electronic waste (e-waste) recycling activities, which can increase the heavy metal concentration in soils. In this study, a suite of soils from five land use types (paddy field, vegetable field, dry field, forest field, and e-waste recycling site) were collected in Longtang Town, Guangdong Province, South China. Soil physicochemical properties and heavy metal concentrations were measured, and the indigenous microbial assemblages were profiled using 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing and clone library analyses...
May 23, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549274/mechanisms-and-risk-of-cumulative-impacts-to-coastal-ecosystem-services-an-expert-elicitation-approach
#6
Gerald G Singh, Jim Sinner, Joanne Ellis, Milind Kandlikar, Benjamin S Halpern, Terre Satterfield, Kai M A Chan
Coastal environments are some of the most populated on Earth, with greater pressures projected in the future. Managing coastal systems requires the consideration of multiple uses, which both benefit from and threaten multiple ecosystem services. Thus understanding the cumulative impacts of human activities on coastal ecosystem services would seem fundamental to management, yet there is no widely accepted approach for assessing these. This study trials an approach for understanding the cumulative impacts of anthropogenic change, focusing on Tasman and Golden Bays, New Zealand...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549272/acute-toxicity-of-emerging-atmospheric-pollutants-from-wood-lignin-due-to-biomass-burning
#7
Maryline Pflieger, Ana Kroflič
Guaiacol (2-methoxyphenol) is an important atmospheric pollutant. It is the major component of wood lignin and is essentially emitted to the atmosphere during biomass burning. Its aging in the tropospheric aqueous phase leads to the generation of the following ring-retaining transformation products, also during nighttime: 4-nitroguaiacol, 6-nitroguaiacol, and dinitroguaiacol. This study presents the first toxicological data of guaiacol and its nitro derivatives and reveals their harmful potential for the ecosystem...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549074/cwdprnp-a-tool-for-cervid-prion-sequence-analysis-in-program-r
#8
William L Miller, W David Walter
Summary: Chronic wasting disease is a fatal neurological, disease caused by an infectious prion protein, which affects economically and ecologically important members of the family Cervidae. Single nucleotide polymorphisms within the prion protein gene have been linked to differential susceptibility to the disease in many species. Wildlife managers are seeking to determine the frequencies of disease-associated alleles and genotypes and delineate spatial genetic patterns. The CWDPRNP package, implemented in program R, provides a unified framework for analyzing prion protein gene variability and spatial structure...
May 26, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547370/integration-of-cerium-chemical-forms-and-subcellular-distribution-to-understand-cerium-tolerance-mechanism-in-the-rice-seedlings
#9
Xue Wang, Dongwu Liu
Rare earth elements (REEs) accumulate in the soil and ecosystem. Cerium (Ce) is one of the main additives in REE-containing fertilizers. However, little information is available on Ce distribution patterns and chemical forms in rice. The subcellular distribution and chemical forms of Ce were investigated in the rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L., cv. Zhonghua 11) exposed to 0, 10, 20, 40, 80, and 160 μM Ce. The elongation of root and shoot was significantly inhibited by 20, 40, 80, and 160 μM Ce. Cerium was significantly accumulated in the cell walls, cell organelles, and soluble fractions of the roots and shoots with the increase of Ce concentrations...
May 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547211/sheldon-spectrum-and-the-plankton-paradox-two-sides-of-the-same-coin-a-trait-based-plankton-size-spectrum-model
#10
José A Cuesta, Gustav W Delius, Richard Law
The Sheldon spectrum describes a remarkable regularity in aquatic ecosystems: the biomass density as a function of logarithmic body mass is approximately constant over many orders of magnitude. While size-spectrum models have explained this phenomenon for assemblages of multicellular organisms, this paper introduces a species-resolved size-spectrum model to explain the phenomenon in unicellular plankton. A Sheldon spectrum spanning the cell-size range of unicellular plankton necessarily consists of a large number of coexisting species covering a wide range of characteristic sizes...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Mathematical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546560/potential-decline-in-carbon-carrying-capacity-under-projected-climate-wildfire-interactions-in-the-sierra-nevada
#11
Shuang Liang, Matthew D Hurteau, Anthony LeRoy Westerling
Ecosystem carbon carrying capacity (CCC) is determined by prevailing climate and natural disturbance regimes, conditions that are projected to change significantly. The interaction of changing climate and its effects on disturbance regimes is expected to affect forest regeneration and growth, which may diminish forest carbon (C) stocks and uptake. We modeled landscape C dynamics over 590 years along the latitudinal gradient of the U.S. Sierra Nevada Mountains under climate and area burned by large wildfires projected by late 21(st) century...
May 25, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545996/diversity-of-free-living-marine-ciliates-alveolata-ciliophora-faunal-studies-in-coastal-waters-of-china-during-the-years-2011-2016
#12
REVIEW
Weiwei Liu, Jiamei Jiang, Yuan Xu, Xuming Pan, Zhishuai Qu, Xiaotian Luo, Hamed A El-Serehy, Alan Warren, Honggang Ma, Hongbo Pan
In the period 2011-2016, a series of investigations were carried out on the marine and brackish free-living ciliate fauna of the temperate-tropical coastal waters of China. About 210 morphotypes including over 100 new species within six groups (cyrtophorians, hypotrichs s.l., karyorelicteans, oligotrichs, pleurostomatids, and scuticociliates) were isolated and described in detail from observations of live cells and silver-stained specimens. Based on their morphology, morphogenesis and molecular phylogeny, three new families (Wilbertomorphidae, Kentrophyllidae, Protolitonotidae) and 22 new genera (Apotrachelocerca, Wilbertomorpha, Protolitonotus, Paracyrtophoron, Heterohartmannula, Aporthotrochilia, Falcicyclidium, Paramesanophrys, Pseudodiophrys, Monocoronella, Neourostylopsis, Apobakuella, Parabistichella, Heterokeronopsis, Heterotachysoma, Antiokeronopsis, Apoholosticha, Pseudogastrostyla, Antestrombidium, Sinistrostrombidium, Williophrya, and Varistrombidium) were established...
April 21, 2017: European Journal of Protistology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545330/carbon-isotopic-signature-reveals-the-geographical-trend-in-methane-consumption-and-production-pathways-in-alpine-ecosystems-over-the-qinghai-tibetan-plateau
#13
Tomomichi Kato, Keita Yamada, Yanhong Tang, Naohiro Yoshida, Eitaro Wada
On the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau, isotopic signatures in soil-atmosphere CH4 fluxes were investigated in nine grasslands and three wetlands. In the grasslands, the fractionation factor for soil CH4 uptake, αsoil, was much smaller than the usually reported value of 0.9975-1.0095. Stepwise multiple variation analysis indicates that αsoil is higher for higher soil water contents but is lower for higher C/N ratios of soil surface biomass. In the three wetlands, the soil-emitted δ(13)C-CH4 was similar (-55.3 ± 5...
May 25, 2017: Isotopes in Environmental and Health Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545214/sediment-carbon-and-nutrient-fluxes-from-cleared-and-intact-temperate-mangrove-ecosystems-and-adjacent-sandflats
#14
Richard H Bulmer, Luitgard Schwendenmann, Andrew M Lohrer, Carolyn J Lundquist
The loss of mangrove ecosystems is associated with numerous impacts on coastal and estuarine function, including sediment carbon and nutrient cycling. In this study we compared in situ fluxes of carbon dioxide (CO2) from the sediment to the atmosphere, and fluxes of dissolved inorganic nutrients and oxygen across the sediment-water interface, in intact and cleared mangrove and sandflat ecosystems in a temperate estuary. Measurements were made 20 and 25months after mangrove clearance, in summer and winter, respectively...
May 21, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545210/response-of-microcystis-aeruginosa-bccusp-232-to-barley-hordeum-vulgare-l-straw-degradation-extract-and-fractions
#15
Gustavo Franciscatti Mecina, Anne Lígia Dokkedal, Luiz Leonardo Saldanha, Mathias Ahii Chia, Micheline Kézia Cordeiro-Araújo, Maria do Carmo Bittencourt-Oliveira, Regildo Márcio Gonçalves da Silva
The eutrophication of aquatic ecosystems is a serious environmental problem that leads to increased frequency of cyanobacterial blooms and concentrations of cyanotoxins. These changes in aquatic chemistry can negatively affect animal and human health. Environment-friendly methods are needed to control bloom forming cyanobacteria. We investigated the effect of Hordeum vulgare L. (barley) straw degradation extract and its fractions on the growth, oxidative stress, antioxidant enzyme activities, and microcystins content of Microcystis aeruginosa (Kützing) Kützing BCCUSP232...
May 20, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545131/major-changes-in-microbial-diversity-and-community-composition-across-gut-sections-of-a-juvenile-panchlora-cockroach
#16
Erin A Gontang, Frank O Aylward, Camila Carlos, Tijana Glavina Del Rio, Mansi Chovatia, Alison Fern, Chien-Chi Lo, Stephanie A Malfatti, Susannah G Tringe, Cameron R Currie, Roberto Kolter
Investigations of gut microbiomes have shed light on the diversity and genetic content of these communities, and helped shape our understanding of how host-associated microorganisms influence host physiology, behavior, and health. Despite the importance of gut microbes to metazoans, our understanding of the changes in diversity and composition across the alimentary tract, and the source of the resident community are limited. Here, using community metagenomics and 16S rRNA gene sequencing, we assess microbial community diversity and coding potential in the foregut, midgut, and hindgut of a juvenile Panchlora cockroach, which resides in the refuse piles of the leaf-cutter ant species Atta colombica...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545001/the-yellow-sea-ecosystem-pollution-ecosystem-threats-and-environmental-health
#17
EDITORIAL
Jong Seong Khim, Tieyu Wang, Shane A Snyder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 10, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544549/future-warmer-seas-increased-stress-and-susceptibility-to-grazing-in-seedlings-of-a-marine-habitat-forming-species
#18
Gema Hernán, María J Ortega, Alberto M Gándara, Inés Castejón, Jorge Terrados, Fiona Tomas
Increases in seawater temperature are expected to have negative consequences for marine organisms. Beyond individual effects, species-specific differences in thermal tolerance are predicted to modify species interactions and increase the strength of top-down effects, particularly in plant-herbivore interactions. Shifts in trophic interactions will be especially important when affecting habitat-forming species such as seagrasses, as the consequences on their abundance will cascade throughout the food web. Seagrasses are a major component of coastal ecosystems offering important ecosystem services, but are threatened by multiple anthropogenic stressors, including warming...
May 22, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544444/review-of-the-ecosystem-service-implications-of-mangrove-encroachment-into-salt-marshes
#19
REVIEW
Jeffrey J Kelleway, Kyle Cavanaugh, Kerrylee Rogers, Ilka C Feller, Emilie Ens, Cheryl Doughty, Neil Saintilan
Salt marsh and mangrove have been recognized as being among the most valuable ecosystem types globally in terms of their supply of ecosystem services and support for human livelihoods. These coastal ecosystems are also susceptible to the impacts of climate change and rising sea levels, with evidence of global shifts in the distribution of mangroves, including encroachment into salt marshes. The encroachment of woody mangrove shrubs and trees into herbaceous salt marshes may represent a substantial change in ecosystem structure, although resulting impacts on ecosystem functions and service provisions are largely unknown...
May 20, 2017: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543995/the-effects-of-restoring-logged-tropical-forests-on-avian-phylogenetic-and-functional-diversity
#20
Cindy C P Cosset, David P Edwards
Selective logging is the most prevalent land-use change in the tropics. Despite the resulting degradation of forest structure, selectively logged forests still harbour a substantial amount of biodiversity leading to suggestions that their protection is the next best alternative to conserving primary, old-growth forests. Restoring carbon stocks under Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) schemes is a potential method for obtaining funding to protect logged forests, via enrichment planting and liberation cutting of vines...
May 24, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
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