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Spinal dysraphism

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911245/use-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-to-detect-occult-spinal-dysraphism-in-infants
#1
Brent R O'Neill, Danielle Gallegos, Alex Herron, Claire Palmer, Nicholas V Stence, Todd C Hankinson, C Corbett Wilkinson, Michael H Handler
OBJECTIVE Cutaneous stigmata or congenital anomalies often prompt screening for occult spinal dysraphism (OSD) in asymptomatic infants. While a number of studies have examined the results of ultrasonography (US) screening, less is known about the findings when MRI is used as the primary imaging modality. The object of this study was to assess the results of MRI screening for OSD in infants. METHODS The authors undertook a retrospective review of all infants who had undergone MRI of the lumbar spine to screen for OSD over a 6-year period (September 2006-September 2012)...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884878/comparison-of-3-different-types-of-spinal-arteriovenous-shunts-below-the-conus-in-clinical-presentation-radiologic-findings-and-outcomes
#2
T Hong, J E Park, F Ling, K G terBrugge, M Tymianski, H Q Zhang, T Krings
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Spinal arteriovenous shunts below the conus constitute 3 types of lesions, which have previously been mainly described in case reports, given their rarity, and are sometimes misdiagnosed. The purpose of this study was to describe the features of each type and compare these types as to epidemiologic features, clinical and radiologic presentations, treatment, and outcomes in a consecutive series of 48 cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The prospectively collected data bases of 2 referral centers for spinal vascular lesions were retrospectively reviewed...
November 24, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857788/ultrasonography-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-evaluation-of-pediatric-spinal-anomalies
#3
Dhaval Durlabhbhai Dhingani, Deb Kumar Boruah, Hemonta Kumar Dutta, Rudra Kanta Gogoi
CONTEXT: Spinal dysraphisms are congenital abnormalities of the spine due to imperfect fusion of midline mesenchymal, bony and neural structures. Imaging plays a vital role in their evaluation as significant portion of patients may present with concurrent anomalies that need to be corrected simultaneously to avoid repeat surgeries. AIMS: The aims of the study were to evaluate Spinal dysraphisms using USG and MRI and to correlate imaging findings with operative findings in patients undergoing surgery...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818449/association-of-obesity-bmi-and-hispanic-ethnicity-on-ambulatory-status-in-children-with-spinal-dysraphism-followed-near-the-california-mexico-border
#4
Michelle L McDonald, Andy Huang, James A Proudfoot, Joan T Le, George J Chiang, Ruth A Bush
PURPOSE: Evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI), overweight status (OW), or obesity (OB) and ambulatory status in a predominantly Hispanic population of children with spinal dysraphism (SD). METHODS: Retrospective data were extracted from records of 272 children and youth aged 0-24 years with a diagnosis of SD. Body mass index (BMI) and OW / OB rates were calculated for children 0-3 years, 4-11 years, and adolescents older than 11. RESULTS: Ethnicity was predominantly Hispanic (65...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796548/unjoined-primary-and-secondary-neural-tubes-junctional-neural-tube-defect-a-new-form-of-spinal-dysraphism-caused-by-disturbance-of-junctional-neurulation
#5
Sebastian Eibach, Greg Moes, Yong Jin Hou, John Zovickian, Dachling Pang
INTRODUCTION: Primary and secondary neurulation are the two known processes that form the central neuraxis of vertebrates. Human phenotypes of neural tube defects (NTDs) mostly fall into two corresponding categories consistent with the two types of developmental sequence: primary NTD features an open skin defect, an exposed, unclosed neural plate (hence an open neural tube defect, or ONTD), and an unformed or poorly formed secondary neural tube, and secondary NTD with no skin abnormality (hence a closed NTD) and a malformed conus caudal to a well-developed primary neural tube...
October 29, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790529/successful-pregnancy-outcome-in-an-operated-case-of-lipomeningomyocele-a-rare-case
#6
Vineet Vashistha Mishra, Sakshi Nanda, Rohina Aggarwal, Tanvir
Lipomeningomyocele is one of the types of occult spinal dysraphism associated with tethered cord syndrome, which is characterised by neurodeficit symptomatology due to stretch- induced functional disorder of the spinal cord with its caudal part attached by an in elastic tissue. There is stretching of conus medullaris and nerve roots due to disproportionate growth between vertebral column and spinal cord, resulting in various neurological deficits. Its incidence is approximately 1 in 4000 births in the USA, with a slightly higher female preponderance, although its true incidence is not known...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765739/limited-dorsal-myeloschisis-and-congenital-dermal-sinus-comparison-of-clinical-and-mr-imaging-features
#7
S M Lee, J-E Cheon, Y H Choi, I-O Kim, W S Kim, H-H Cho, J Y Lee, K-C Wang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: While limited dorsal myeloschisis is a distinctive form of spinal dysraphism, it may be confused with congenital dermal sinus. The aim of this study was to describe clinical and MR imaging findings of limited dorsal myeloschisis that can distinguish it from congenital dermal sinus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and MR imaging findings of 12 patients with limited dorsal myeloschisis and 10 patients with congenital dermal sinus...
October 20, 2016: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763881/neuropathic-ulcers-among-children-with-neural-tube-defects-a-review-of-literature
#8
Anand Pandey, Vipin Gupta, Shailendra P Singh, Vijendra Kumar, Rajesh Verma
A trophic ulcer is a pressure ulcer caused by external trauma to a part of the body that is compromised due to disease, vascular insufficiency, or loss of afferent nerve fibers. Spinal dysraphism (ie, neural tube defects [NTD]) such as meningomyelocele is a risk factor for developing these ulcers in adults and pediatric patients. Information regarding the occurrence of trophic ulcers in pediatric patients with NTD is lacking. A review of the English-language literature on skin/neuropathic ulcers in patients with NTDs, irrespective of study design, published between 1975 and 2014, was undertaken using the PubMed database...
December 2015: Ostomy/wound Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641261/upper-lumbar-mature-cystic-teratoma-a-case-report
#9
Awder Khazendar, Hemin M Hama Ameen, Nzar I Jabbar, Seerwan O Hasan, Talar S Ahmed, Alaa A Ali
BACKGROUND: Intradural extramedullary spinal teratoma (IEST) is a rare condition in adults, with a male predominance. It is commonly associated with spinal dysraphism, lumbar puncture, and previous spinal surgery. This case is a 37-year-old male diagnosed with a mature cystic IEST without dysraphism or previous surgical interventions. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient's symptoms included a lumbar backache that progressed to the toes, as well as the anterior region of both thighs...
December 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27635168/case-report-pseudotail-with-dermal-sinus-tract-and-tethered-cord
#10
Paul Clark, Laurence Davidson
A pseudotail is a very rare, dermal appendage arising from the lumbosacral region with an association with spinal dysraphism. We report a case of a pseudotail in a healthy newborn female with sonographic imaging of a tethered cord and dermal sinus tract with MRI and surgical correlation.
September 2016: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27610944/differentiating-closed-versus-open-spinal-dysraphisms-on-fetal-mri
#11
Usha D Nagaraj, Karin S Bierbrauer, Jose L Peiro, Beth M Kline-Fath
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to identify differences in findings between open and closed spinal dysraphisms seen on fetal MR images. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-institution retrospective analysis of fetal MR images for spinal dysraphism was performed. Postnatal images and clinical and operative reports were reviewed. RESULTS: Sixteen fetuses with postnatally confirmed closed spinal dysraphisms were included. Of these, 25% (4/16) had posterior fossa anomalies, 12...
December 2016: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606029/a-tale-of-two-tails-a-curiosity-revisited
#12
Nishanth Sadashiva, Manish Beniwal, Dhaval Shukla, Dwarakanath Srinivas
A human tail or a caudal appendage is a rare condition with preconceived notions and stigmata. They could be either true tails or "pseudotails" based on their embryology. Clinically, they are considered as a marker of occult spinal dysraphism. We report two such cases with tethering of cord, one of which was associated with a lipomeningomyelocele. These patients are in need of meticulous evaluation and appropriate management.
April 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27598492/-risk-behaviors-among-adolescents-with-complex-diseases
#13
Francisco Funes Díaz, Verónica Gaete Pinto
UNLABELLED: Adolescents with complex diseases may have a higher frequency of risk behaviors than their healthy peers. AIM: To characterize risk behaviors in adolescents with complex chronic diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Risk behaviors were assessed by means of a self-administered questionnaire designed for this purpose, in adolescents aged 10 to 19 years, who attended a pediatrics specialties clinic due to cystic fibrosis, congenital craniofacial anomalies, liver transplantation, kidney transplantation and spinal dysraphism...
June 2016: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27594964/mind-the-gap-an-unusual-case-of-a-cervical-lipomyelocele
#14
Natalie S Valeur, Ramesh S Iyer, Gisele E Ishak
Cervical dysraphism is rare, and the 3 recognized subtypes manifest as cystic, skin-covered masses. To our knowledge, no case of cervical lipomyelocele has been reported in the literature so far. We present a case of surgically and pathologically confirmed cervical lipomyelocele in a patient with spondylocostal dysostosis and multiple other congenital anomalies and a brief review of the literature. In this case, magnetic resonance imaging demonstrates fat extension into a dysraphic cervical spinal canal, allowing for preoperative diagnosis...
September 2016: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554766/screening-for-spinal-dysraphisms-in-newborns-with-sacral-dimples
#15
Peyton Wilson, Erin Hayes, Andrew Barber, Jacob Lohr
Sacral dimples are common physical examination findings among newborns and are rarely associated with spinal dysraphism. Screening ultrasonography for simple sacral dimples in the absence of other physical findings leads to unnecessary health care costs and undue stress on families. This study was a retrospective chart review of infants with a sacral dimple on examination who underwent spinal ultrasonography in the first week of life. The documented indication for ultrasonography was compared to standard guidelines...
October 2016: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519558/correlation-between-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-after-posterior-sagittal-anorectoplasty-for-anorectal-malformations-and-the-clinical-outcome-preliminary-report
#16
Anna Morandi, Irene Borzani, Francesco Macchini, Giulia Brisighelli, Dario Consonni, Ernesto Leva
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: To assess the anatomical results after posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP) by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to evaluate the correlation of these findings with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Patients followed-up at our center after PSARP, being at least 6year old, with neither evidence of sacral abnormalities nor spinal dysraphisms were prospectively included. Complex ARMs were excluded. MRI was performed on a 1.5T unit. T1- and T2-weighted sequences were acquired, in orthogonal planes, according to the anal canal orientation...
November 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497702/proposed-caudal-appendage-classification-system-spinal-cord-tethering-associated-with-sacrococcygeal-eversion
#17
C Corbett Wilkinson, Arianne J Boylan
INTRODUCTION: The most commonly used classification system for caudal appendages (aka human tails) dates from the 1980s and classifies appendages (tails) as either true tails or pseudotails. Advances in neuroimaging since the 1980s, however, as well as an ever-increasing number of reported cases, have made this system outdated. Sacrococcygeal eversion is a condition in which the distal sacral and coccygeal vertebrae are curved in a retroverted rather than anteverted direction. It can give rise to one type of caudal appendage...
August 6, 2016: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27470909/paucisymptomatic-dermoid-cyst-with-fatal-outcome
#18
Khadija Sellami, Hend Chaabane, Hela Fourati, Abderrahmen Masmoudi, Zeineb Mnif, Madiha Mseddi, Hamida Turki
Dermoid cysts of the central nervous system can cause devastating complications because of the mass effect of meningitis due to sinus tract. We report the case of a 5-month-old girl who presented with a crusted lesion of the occipital region of the scalp. Clinical examination noted skin abnormalities suggestive of occult dysraphism. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was recommended, however, 40 days after this evaluation, and before the MRI could be performed, the girl presented with neurologic complications...
September 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27469617/congenital-anomalies-of-lumbosacral-spine-a-pictorial-review
#19
Lena Naffaa, Neville Irani, Charbel Saade, Gayathi Sreedher
Congenital malformations of the lumbosacral spine include spinal dysraphism and caudal anomalies. Most often, these malformations are discovered prenatally or in early infancy, but some are not diagnosed until late childhood or adulthood. The purpose of this pictorial review is to illustrate the multi-modality imaging characteristics in these complex anomalies and to provide a systematic radiological approach aiming at improving diagnostic accuracy.
July 28, 2016: Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27270148/-a-dumbbell-type-thoracic-spinal-lipoma-a-case-report
#20
Soichiro Takamiya, Kazutoshi Hida, Shunsuke Yano, Toru Sasamori, Toshitaka Seki, Hisatoshi Saito
Spinal lipomas are rare, accounting for less than 1% of all spinal tumors. Most are associated with spinal dysraphism. Spinal lipomas without spinal dysraphism are uncommon;they are typically subpial tumors. Some tumors are located both inside and outside the dura mater (so-called "dumbbell-type"). Herein, we report a patient with a dumbbell-type thoracic spinal lipoma. A man in his 50's complained of progressive gait disturbance, dysesthesia in his left leg, and hyperesthesia in his right leg. His symptoms were worsened by exercise...
June 2016: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
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