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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926919/plasmodium-falciparum-infection-status-among-children-with-schistosoma-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#1
Abraham Degarege, Dawit Degarege, Emir Veledar, Berhanu Erko, Mathieu Nacher, Consuelo M Beck-Sague, Purnima Madhivanan
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that Schistosoma infection may be associated with Plasmodium falciparum infection or related reduction in haemoglobin level, but the nature of this interaction remains unclear. This systematic review synthesized evidence on the relationship of S. haematobium or S. mansoni infection with the occurrence of P. falciparum malaria, Plasmodium density and related reduction in haemoglobin level among children in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: A systematic review in according with PRISMA guidelines was conducted...
December 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923680/the-100-most-cited-manuscripts-in-emergency-abdominal-surgery-a-bibliometric-analysis
#2
Thomas Ellul, Nicholas Bullock, Tarig Abdelrahman, Arfon G M T Powell, Jolene Witherspoon, Wyn G Lewis
BACKGROUND: The number of citations a scientific article receives provides a good indication of its impact within any given field. This bibliometric analysis aimed to identify the 100 most cited articles in Emergency Abdominal Surgery (EAS), to highlight key areas of interest and identify those that have most significantly shaped contemporary clinical practice in this newly evolving surgical specialty. This is of increasing relevance as concerns grow regarding the variable and suboptimal outcomes in Emergency General Surgery...
December 3, 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923397/pharmacological-interventions-for-delirium-in-intensive-care-patients-a-protocol-for-an-overview-of-reviews
#3
Marija Barbateskovic, Laura Krone Larsen, Marie Oxenbøll-Collet, Janus Christian Jakobsen, Anders Perner, Jørn Wetterslev
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of delirium in intensive care unit (ICU) patients is high. Delirium has been associated with morbidity and mortality including more ventilator days, longer ICU stay, increased long-term mortality and cognitive impairment. Thus, the burden of delirium for patients, relatives and societies is considerable. Today, reviews of randomised clinical trials are produced in large scales sometimes making it difficult to get an overview of the available evidence. A preliminary search identified several reviews investigating the effects of pharmacological interventions for the management and prevention of delirium in ICU patients...
December 7, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923384/the-quality-of-reporting-in-cluster-randomised-crossover-trials-proposal-for-reporting-items-and-an-assessment-of-reporting-quality
#4
Sarah J Arnup, Andrew B Forbes, Brennan C Kahan, Katy E Morgan, Joanne E McKenzie
BACKGROUND: The cluster randomised crossover (CRXO) design is gaining popularity in trial settings where individual randomisation or parallel group cluster randomisation is not feasible or practical. Our aim is to stimulate discussion on the content of a reporting guideline for CRXO trials and to assess the reporting quality of published CRXO trials. METHODS: We undertook a systematic review of CRXO trials. Searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, and CINAHL Plus as well as citation searches of CRXO methodological articles were conducted to December 2014...
December 6, 2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922963/publication-trends-in-craniofacial-distraction-a-bibliometrical-analysis
#5
Asra Hashmi, Adam Schumaier, Shenita White, Christina Yi, Faraz A Khan, Curtis J Hanba, Faisal Al-Mufarrej
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to analyze the craniofacial distraction literature published over the last 50 years and to determine various trends in publications. METHODS: A literature search was conducted in November and December 2015. The date search range was 1965 to 2015. Databases searched included Medline, Web of Science, Biosis, SciELO, Data Citation, and Zoologic Records. Data were collected on distraction type, author specialty, date of publication, country, state (if United States), number of citations, journal name, journal type, and Le Fort type (for midfacial distractions)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922912/the-current-overuse-and-misuse-of-meta-analyses-on-sublingual-immunotherapy-the-case-of-grass-pollen-allergy
#6
Erminia Ridolo, Cristoforo Incorvaia, Bruna Luciana Gritti, Giovanni Passalacqua
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Meta-analysis provides the highest level of evidence-based efficacy of a medical treatment or intervention. Allergen immunotherapy in its two forms of subcutaneous immunotherapy and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is an effective treatment of respiratory allergy as shown by meta-analyses, but in recent years there has been an overflow of meta-analyses on SLIT, with contrasting results that may generate confusion among physicians. RECENT FINDINGS: It can be observed that flaws are often present in meta-analyses including: incorrect selection of trials, inappropriate use of evaluation parameters for the analysis, and unsuitable analyses...
December 5, 2016: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921329/preventive-dental-visiting-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis-of-theory-explaining-how-inequalities-arise
#7
Rebecca V Harris, Andrew Pennington, Margaret Whitehead
BACKGROUND: In many countries, those with lower socioeconomic status are disproportionately affected by poor oral health. This can be attributed, at least in part, to differences in preventive dental visiting. While several theories have been applied to the area, they generally fail to capture the recursive nature of dental visiting behaviour, and fall short of informing the design of complex interventions to tackle inequalities. OBJECTIVE: To undertake a systematic review and synthesis of theory in order to provide an overview of the pathways which bring about socioeconomic inequalities in early dental visiting, and identify possible intervention points...
December 6, 2016: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919600/preanalytic-of-total-antioxidant-capacity-assays-performed-in-serum-plasma-urine-and-saliva
#8
REVIEW
Cristiano Ialongo
The investigation of oxidative stress (OS), its mechanisms and connections with human diseases, is a topic of interest with more than 36,000 PubMed citations to date. The OS can be approached either from the perspective of pro-oxidation, either of anti-oxidation, and both can be investigated considering individual chemical constituents or their pooled effect. Actually, as it is for any laboratory assay, whatever source of variability introduces a bias potentially undermining the test results regardless of its application...
December 2, 2016: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919275/rayyan-a-web-and-mobile-app-for-systematic-reviews
#9
Mourad Ouzzani, Hossam Hammady, Zbys Fedorowicz, Ahmed Elmagarmid
BACKGROUND: Synthesis of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in a systematic review can summarize the effects of individual outcomes and provide numerical answers about the effectiveness of interventions. Filtering of searches is time consuming, and no single method fulfills the principal requirements of speed with accuracy. Automation of systematic reviews is driven by a necessity to expedite the availability of current best evidence for policy and clinical decision-making. We developed Rayyan ( http://rayyan...
December 5, 2016: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918932/a-comparison-of-working-in-small-scale-and-large-scale-nursing-homes-a-systematic-review-of-quantitative-and-qualitative-evidence
#10
REVIEW
Lander Vermeerbergen, Geert Van Hootegem, Jos Benders
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Ongoing shortages of care workers, together with an ageing population, make it of utmost importance to increase the quality of working life in nursing homes. Since the 1970s, normalised and small-scale nursing homes have been increasingly introduced to provide care in a family and homelike environment, potentially providing a richer work life for care workers as well as improved living conditions for residents. 'Normalised' refers to the opportunities given to residents to live in a manner as close as possible to the everyday life of persons not needing care...
November 13, 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918088/cerebrolysin-for-acute-ischaemic-stroke
#11
REVIEW
Liliya Eugenevna Ziganshina, Tatyana Abakumova, Ludivine Vernay
BACKGROUND: Cerebrolysin is a mixture of low-molecular-weight peptides and amino acids derived from pigs' brain tissue, which has potential neuroprotective and neurotrophic properties. It is widely used in the treatment of acute ischaemic stroke in Russia, Eastern Europe, China, and other Asian and post-Soviet countries. OBJECTIVES: To assess the benefits and risks of cerebrolysin for treating acute ischaemic stroke. SEARCH METHODS: In May 2016 we searched the Cochrane Stroke Group Trials Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science Core Collection, with Science Citation Index, LILACS, OpenGrey, and a number of Russian Databases...
December 5, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917777/the-identification-and-treatment-of-women-with-hyperglycaemia-in-pregnancy-an-analysis-of-individual-participant-data-systematic-reviews-meta-analyses-and-an-economic-evaluation
#12
Diane Farrar, Mark Simmonds, Susan Griffin, Ana Duarte, Debbie A Lawlor, Mark Sculpher, Lesley Fairley, Su Golder, Derek Tuffnell, Martin Bland, Fidelma Dunne, Donald Whitelaw, John Wright, Trevor A Sheldon
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with a higher risk of important adverse outcomes. Practice varies and the best strategy for identifying and treating GDM is unclear. AIM: To estimate the clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of strategies for identifying and treating women with GDM. METHODS: We analysed individual participant data (IPD) from birth cohorts and conducted systematic reviews to estimate the association of maternal glucose levels with adverse perinatal outcomes; GDM prevalence; maternal characteristics/risk factors for GDM; and the effectiveness and costs of treatments...
November 2016: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915493/overweightness-obesity-and-arterial-stiffness-in-healthy-subjects-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-literature-studies
#13
Ping Li, Lei Wang, Chao Liu
OBJECTIVE: The relationship between overweightness, obesity and arterial stiffness remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis evaluating the impact of obesity/overweightness on arterial stiffness in healthy subjects. METHODS: Literature searches were conducted using databases (eg, MEDLINE, EMBASE) and citations cross-referenced. Studies evaluating the relationship between obesity/overweightness and cfPWV, baPWV, and AIx were systematically searched. A total of 10 studies (1,124 obese/overweight subjects, 1,884 controls) were included...
December 3, 2016: Postgraduate Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912748/challenges-to-access-and-provision-of-palliative-care-for-people-who-are-homeless-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-research
#14
Briony F Hudson, Kate Flemming, Caroline Shulman, Bridget Candy
BACKGROUND: People who are homeless or vulnerably housed are a marginalized group who often experience high rates of morbidity and die young as a result of complex problems. Access to health care and support can be challenging, with access to palliative care even more so. This review presents a synthesis of published qualitative research exploring from the perspective of homeless people and those working to support them, current challenges to palliative care access and provision, in addition to suggestions for what may improve palliative care for this population...
December 3, 2016: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911983/fibrin-glue-versus-sutures-for-conjunctival-autografting-in-primary-pterygium-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Vito Romano, Mario Cruciani, Luigi Conti, Luigi Fontana
BACKGROUND: Pterygium, a growth of the conjunctiva over the cornea, is a progressive disease leading in advanced stages to visual impairment, restriction of ocular motility, chronic inflammation and cosmetic concerns. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice, but recurrence can be a problem. Currently the best surgical option in terms of recurrence is conjunctival autograft. To date the most common surgical methods of attaching conjunctival autografts to the sclera are through suturing or fibrin glue...
December 2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909373/exercise-telemonitoring-and-telerehabilitation-compared-with-traditional-cardiac-and-pulmonary-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Christen Chan, Cristiane Yamabayashi, Nafeez Syed, Ashley Kirkham, Pat G Camp
Background: Despite exercise capacity and quality-of-life benefits, pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) and cardiac rehabilitation (CR) programmes are not easily accessed because of several barriers. A solution may be telerehabilitation (TR), in which patients exercise in their communities while they are monitored via teletechnology. However, the benefits of TR for the purposes of PR and CR have not been systematically reviewed. Objective: To determine whether the benefits of the exercise component of PR and CR using TR are comparable to usual-care (UC) programmes...
2016: Physiotherapy Canada. Physiothérapie Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27908657/sex-and-gender-based-analysis-in-pharmacy-practice-research-a-scoping-review
#17
Lisa McCarthy, Emily Milne, Nancy Waite, Martin Cooke, Katie Cook, Feng Chang, Beth A Sproule
BACKGROUND: Recognizing the potential effect of sex and gender on health outcomes, there is a shift toward conducting sex and gender-based analysis (SGBA) within health research. However, little is known about the extent to which SGBA has been incorporated into pharmacy practice research. OBJECTIVES: To understand the extent to which SGBA is included in pharmacy practice research. METHOD: Scoping review of English-language studies identified through MEDLINE, Embase, International Pharmacy Abstracts (IPA), and CINAHL (inception to Jan 2014)...
November 19, 2016: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907941/frequency-selective-non-linear-blending-to-improve-image-quality-in-liver-ct
#18
M N Bongers, G Bier, C Kloth, C Schabel, J Fritz, K Nikolaou, M Horger
Purpose: To evaluate the effects of a new frequency selective non-linear blending (NLB) algorithm on the contrast resolution of liver CT with low intravascular concentration of iodine contrast. Materials and Methods: Our local ethics committee approved this retrospective study. The informed consent requirement was waived. CT exams of 25 patients (60 % female, mean age: 65 ± 16 years of age) with late phase CT scans of the liver were included as a model for poor intrahepatic vascular contrast enhancement...
December 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907940/ct-guided-percutaneous-spine-biopsy-in-suspected-infection-or-malignancy-a-study-of-214-patients
#19
J Rehm, S Veith, M Akbar, H U Kauczor, M A Weber
Purpose: To retrospectively determine the effectiveness and accuracy of CT-guided percutaneous biopsy of malignant and inflammatory bone lesions of the spine and to assess the reliability of pre-biopsy CT and MRI. Materials and Methods: 214 patients with lesions of the spine, which were suspicious either for being malignant or inflammatory, underwent CT-guided biopsy for pathological and/or microbiological detection. Biopsy samples were sent for histological examination in 128/214 patients, for microbiological analysis in 17/214 patients and for both analyses in 69/214 patients...
December 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907939/intraoperative-intermittent-blocking-of-the-common-iliac-arteries-in-cases-of-placenta-percreta-without-the-use-of-fluoroscopy
#20
S Heinze, B Filsinger, G Kastenholz, R J Schröder
Background: The number of patients with placenta accreta, percreta and increta is increasing. The morbidity and mortality are higher mostly due to hemorrhage. Therefore, new methods to reduce the risk of severe bleeding are necessary. Methods: Three patients were treated in collaboration by obstetricians, urologists, anesthesiologists, and radiologists. An MRI of the pelvis was performed and the diameters and lengths of the iliac arteries were measured to avoid fluoroscopy during the preoperative placement of catheter balloons into the iliac arteries...
December 2016: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
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