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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240835/scientific-research-on-animal-biodiversity-is-systematically-biased-towards-vertebrates-and-temperate-regions
#1
Mark A Titley, Jake L Snaddon, Edgar C Turner
Over the last 25 years, research on biodiversity has expanded dramatically, fuelled by increasing threats to the natural world. However, the number of published studies is heavily weighted towards certain taxa, perhaps influencing conservation awareness of and funding for less-popular groups. Few studies have systematically quantified these biases, although information on this topic is important for informing future research and conservation priorities. We investigated: i) which animal taxa are being studied; ii) if any taxonomic biases are the same in temperate and tropical regions; iii) whether the taxon studied is named in the title of papers on biodiversity, perhaps reflecting a perception of what biodiversity is; iv) the geographical distribution of biodiversity research, compared with the distribution of biodiversity and threatened species; and v) the geographical distribution of authors' countries of origin...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240708/landscape-of-research-areas-for-zeolites-and-metal-organic-frameworks-using-computational-classification-based-on-citation-networks
#2
REVIEW
Takaya Ogawa, Kenta Iyoki, Tomohiro Fukushima, Yuya Kajikawa
The field of porous materials is widely spreading nowadays, and researchers need to read tremendous numbers of papers to obtain a "bird's eye" view of a given research area. However, it is difficult for researchers to obtain an objective database based on statistical data without any relation to subjective knowledge related to individual research interests. Here, citation network analysis was applied for a comparative analysis of the research areas for zeolites and metal-organic frameworks as examples for porous materials...
December 14, 2017: Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239989/a-systematic-review-of-the-association-between-physical-fitness-and-musculoskeletal-injury-risk-part-3-flexibility-power-speed-balance-and-agility
#3
Sarah J de la Motte, Peter Lisman, Timothy C Gribbin, Kaitlin Murphy, Patricia A Deuster
We performed a systematic review and evaluation of the existing scientific literature on the association between flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility, and musculoskeletal injury (MSK-I) risk in military and civilian populations. MEDLINE, EBSCO, EMBASE, and the Defense Technical Information Center were searched for original studies published from 1970 through 2015 that examined associations between these physical fitness measures (flexibility, power, speed, balance, and agility) and MSK-I. Methodological quality and strength of the evidence were determined following criteria adapted from previously published systematic reviews...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239942/targeted-temperature-management-after-cardiac-arrest-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses
#4
Rajat Kalra, Garima Arora, Nirav Patel, Rajkumar Doshi, Lorenzo Berra, Pankaj Arora, Navkaranbir S Bajaj
BACKGROUND: Targeted temperature management (TTM) with therapeutic hypothermia is an integral component of postarrest care for survivors. However, recent randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have failed to demonstrate the benefit of TTM on clinical outcomes. We sought to determine if the pooled data from available RCTs support the use of prehospital and/or inhospital TTM after cardiac arrest. METHODS: A comprehensive search of SCOPUS, Elsevier's abstract and citation database of peer-reviewed literature, from 1966 to November 2016 was performed using predefined criteria...
December 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239377/dodgy-citations-fusion-milestone-and-a-skeleton-called-little-foot
#5
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 14, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239253/fifty-top-cited-spine-articles-from-mainland-china-a-citation-analysis
#6
Yaohong Wu, Yachao Zhao, Linghan Lin, Zhijun Lu, Zhaoyang Guo, Xiaoming Li, Rongchun Chen, Huasong Ma
Objective To identify the 50 top-cited spine articles from mainland China and to analyze their main characteristics. Methods Web of Science was used to identify the 50 top-cited spine articles from mainland China in 27 spine-related journals. The title, year of publication, number of citations, journal, anatomic focus, subspecialty, evidence level, city, institution and author were recorded. Results The top 50 articles had 29-122 citations and were published in 11 English-language journals; most (32) were published in the 2000s...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238567/mind-the-gap-integrating-taxonomic-approaches-to-assess-ant-diversity-at-the-southern-extreme-of-the-atlantic-forest
#7
Priscila Elena Hanisch, Pablo D Lavinia, Andrew V Suarez, Darío Alejandro Lijtmaer, Maurice Leponce, Carolina Ivon Paris, Pablo Luis Tubaro
Understanding patterns of species diversity relies on accurate taxonomy which can only be achieved by long-term natural history research and the use of complementary information to establish species boundaries among cryptic taxa. We used DNA barcoding to characterize the ant diversity of Iguazú National Park (INP), a protected area of the Upper Paraná Atlantic Forest ecoregion, located at the southernmost extent of this forest. We assessed ant diversity using both cytochrome c oxidase subunit 1 (COI) sequences and traditional morphological approaches, and compared the results of these two methods...
December 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238482/a-historical-review-of-the-concept-of-labor-support-in-technocratic-humanistic-and-holistic-paradigms-of-childbirth
#8
REVIEW
Tahereh Fathi Najafi, Robab Latifnejad Roudsari, Hossein Ebrahimipour
Background: In the past century, maternal support during childbirth has been changed according to the different approaches suggested by various health care paradigms. Objective: The aim of this review was to argue the maternity supportive care paradigms of the past century and to closely analyze each paradigm. Methods: This is a historical review, in which published articles were retrieved from databases including Scopus, Science Direct, PubMed and Google Scholar...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237488/clinical-reminder-alert-fatigue-in-healthcare-a-systematic-literature-review-protocol-using-qualitative-evidence
#9
Ruth Backman, Susan Bayliss, David Moore, Ian Litchfield
BACKGROUND: Integrated reminders within clinical systems have become more prevalent due to the use of electronic health records and evidence demonstrating an increase in compliance within practice. Clinical reminders are assessed for effectiveness on an individual basis, rather than in combination with existing prompts for other conditions. The growing number of prompts may be counter-productive as healthcare professionals are increasingly suffering from "reminder fatigue" meaning many reminders are ignored...
December 13, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236534/health-outcomes-and-costs-of-social-work-services-a-systematic-review
#10
Gail Steketee, Abigail M Ross, Madeline K Wachman
BACKGROUND: Efforts to reduce expensive health service utilization, contain costs, improve health outcomes, and address the social determinants of health require research that demonstrates the economic value of health services in population health across a variety of settings. Social workers are an integral part of the US health care system, yet the specific contributions of social work to health and cost-containment outcomes are unknown. The social work profession's person-in-environment framework and unique skillset, particularly around addressing social determinants of health, hold promise for improving health and cost outcomes...
December 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235930/response-to-the-letter-to-the-editor-current-evidence-on-the-socket-shield-technique-a-systematic-review
#11
Amit S Gharpure, Neel B Bhatavadekar
We have done our best to provide a scientifically accurate picture of the current evidence on the socket-shield technique in our systematic review paper. The text of the original paper in our opinion is clear and self-explanatory and presents an unbiased assessment of this technique. We have satisfactorily addressed all the points raised by our colleagues and have supported our responses with adequate citations. We strongly feel that the evidence supporting this technique is extremely weak at the moment. As researchers of the healthcare profession, we require concrete evidence on proposed clinical techniques before they can be routinely used for patients...
December 13, 2017: Journal of Oral Implantology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233051/analyses-of-complaints-investigations-of-allegations-and-deficiency-citations-in-united-states-nursing-homes
#12
Kevin E Hansen, Kathryn Hyer, Amanda A Holup, Kelly M Smith, Brent J Small
Quality of care in nursing homes has been evaluated from varying perspectives, but few studies analyze complaints made to surveyors. This study analyzed complaints, investigations, and citations for nursing homes nationwide. Using the complaint and survey data sets, analyses match nursing home complaints with findings of investigations conducted. Results showed the average complaint rate was 13.3 complaints per 100 residents and that 43.2% of complaint allegations were substantiated, with complaints about care and services provided being the most prevalent...
December 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232294/the-need-for-consistent-predictors-of-success-for-surgical-ablation-of-atrial-fibrillation-a-call-to-action
#13
Niv Ad, Sari Diana Holmes, Jay Patel, Hyung Gon Je, Deborah J Shuman
OBJECTIVE: As with any medical therapy, identification of consistent and reliable outcome predictors is essential to understanding the efficacy of surgical ablation for atrial fibrillation. We originally intended to conduct a meta-analysis on atrial fibrillation surgical ablation to identify clinical factors that are most often associated with success. However, these studies are greatly heterogeneous. We conducted a systematic review to identify trends in outcome predictors and to provide recommendations for more uniform data analysis and reporting...
December 7, 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231804/impact-of-point-sources-on-antibiotic-resistance-genes-in-the-natural-environment-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#14
Irene Bueno, Jessica Williams-Nguyen, Haejin Hwang, Jan M Sargeant, André J Nault, Randall S Singer
There is a growing concern about the role of the environment in the dissemination of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARG). In this systematic review, we summarize evidence for increases of ARG in the natural environment associated with potential sources of ARB and ARG such as agricultural facilities and wastewater treatment plants. A total of 5247 citations were identified, including studies that ascertained both ARG and ARB outcomes. All studies were screened for relevance to the question and methodology...
December 12, 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231354/-top-cited-academic-articles-in-acupuncture-and-moxibustion-research
#15
Shengfeng Lu, Ying Zou, Rudong Wang, Meiling Yu
OBJECTIVE: To identify the 100 top-cited articles published in journals dedicated to acupuncture & moxibustion research and analyze their characteristics so as to explore its academic state. METHODS: All the articles were collected from the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI, January 1, 1943 to December 25, 2016), Web of Science (January 1, 1950 to December 25, 2016), WANFANG Database (January 1, 1998 to December 25, 2016). The top-cited articles were selected and analyzed with regard to publication year, number of citations, journals, authors, country or region, institution, title, type and subject...
August 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230845/the-relative-citation-ratio-measuring-impact-of-publications-from-an-international-conference-with-a-new-nih-metric
#16
EDITORIAL
Akif Ündar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229570/medicinal-plants-used-for-hypertension-treatment-by-folk-healers-in-songkhla-province-thailand
#17
Oratai Neamsuvan, Panadda Komonhiran, Kamonvadee Boonming
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Hypertension is the most dominant risk factor for the development of cardiovascular, kidney, and eye diseases. In Thailand, illness and hospitalisation in the modern public health system due to high blood pressure is increasing. However, some Thai people have turned their attention to the use of herbal medicines for healthcare. Therefore, this study aimed (1) to study the folk knowledge of hypertension treatment and (2) to study plant utilisation in the treatment of high blood pressure by Songkhla folk healers...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229506/the-population-benefit-of-evidence-based-radiotherapy-5-year-local-control-and-overall-survival-benefits
#18
T P Hanna, J Shafiq, G P Delaney, S K Vinod, S R Thompson, M B Barton
BACKGROUND: To describe the population benefit of radiotherapy in a high-income setting if evidence-based guidelines were routinely followed. METHODS: Australian decision tree models were utilized. Radiotherapy alone (RT) benefit was defined as the absolute proportional benefit of radiotherapy compared with no treatment for radical indications, and of radiotherapy over surgery alone for adjuvant indications. Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) benefit was the absolute incremental benefit of concurrent chemoradiotherapy over RT...
December 8, 2017: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229099/a-systematic-review-of-school-based-interventions-that-include-inhaler-technique-education
#19
REVIEW
Lorie L Geryk, Courtney A Roberts, Delesha M Carpenter
BACKGROUND: Proper use of inhaled medication is essential for the successful treatment of childhood asthma; yet, improper inhaler technique among school-aged children is common. There are many schoolbased asthma education programs, but the extent to which these programs teach inhaler technique is unknown. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the literature to identify schoolbased asthma interventions that included inhaler technique instruction. We searched several databases, including PubMed, for relevant articles...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228189/a-snapshot-of-3649-web-based-services-published-between-1994-and-2017-shows-a-decrease-in-availability-after-2-years
#20
Ágnes Osz, Lorinc Sándor Pongor, Danuta Szirmai, Balázs Gyorffy
Background: The long-term availability of online Web services is of utmost importance to ensure reproducibility of analytical results. However, because of lack of maintenance following acceptance, many servers become unavailable after a short period of time. Our aim was to monitor the accessibility and the decay rate of published Web services as well as to determine the factors underlying trends changes. Methods: We searched PubMed to identify publications containing Web server-related terms published between 1994 and 2017...
December 8, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
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