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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235615/-music-therapy-as-a-non-pharmacological-treatment-in-alzheimer-s-disease-a-systematic-review
#1
N Garcia-Casares, R M Moreno-Leiva, J A Garcia-Arnes
INTRODUCTION: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative disease which involves, among other manifestations, a progressive deterioration of memory and language, as well as behavioral disorders. In addition to non-curative pharmacological therapies, for the last years, music therapy has been developed as an effective non-pharmacological therapy in order to relieve many of these manifestations. AIM: To analyze the recent scientific evidence about the effect of music therapy on cognitive and behavioral symptoms in patients with AD...
December 16, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231878/greek-medicine-practice-at-ancient-rome-the-physician-molecularist-asclepiades
#2
Luigi Santacroce, Lucrezia Bottalico, Ioannis Alexandros Charitos
Background: In the pre-Hellenistic period, the concept of medicine was not well-defined. Usually, a disease was considered as a divine punishment and its treatment was devolved to the priests who asked for healing from the divinities. The only job that could be compared to medical practice was a kind of itinerant medicine, derived from the Egyptian therapeutic tradition based only on practical experience and performed by people that knew a number of remedies, mostly vegetable, but without any theoretical bases about the possible mechanisms of action...
December 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227577/management-of-pain-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-short-review
#3
REVIEW
Rupesh Raina, Vinod Krishnappa, Mona Gupta
Pain management in end stage renal disease (ESRD) patients is a complex and challenging task to accomplish, and effective pain and symptom control improves quality of life. Pain is prevalent in more than 50% of hemodialysis patients and up to 75% of these patients are treated ineffectively due to its poor recognition by providers. A good history for PQRST factors and intensity assessment using visual analog scale are the initial steps in the management of pain followed by involvement of palliative care, patient and family counseling, discussion of treatment options, and correction of reversible causes...
December 11, 2017: Hemodialysis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226795/treatment-of-sleep-disturbances-in-refugees-suffering-from-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#4
Hinuga Sandahl, Erik Vindbjerg, Jessica Carlsson
Sleep disturbances are often referred to as the hallmark of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Although PTSD is prevalent in refugees, studies on sleep disturbances in trauma-affected refugees are scarce. This article presents the results of two studies: a systematic review of the literature on treatment of sleep disturbances in adult trauma-affected refugees and a study of the role of sleep disturbances in the PTSD symptom structure. Study 1, the literature review, identified five studies on treatment of sleep disturbances: four studies were on pharmacological treatment and one study on music therapy...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225563/music-evoked-emotions-current-studies
#5
REVIEW
Hans-Eckhardt Schaefer
The present study is focused on a review of the current state of investigating music-evoked emotions experimentally, theoretically and with respect to their therapeutic potentials. After a concise historical overview and a schematic of the hearing mechanisms, experimental studies on music listeners and on music performers are discussed, starting with the presentation of characteristic musical stimuli and the basic features of tomographic imaging of emotional activation in the brain, such as functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomography (PET), which offer high spatial resolution in the millimeter range...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222834/effects-of-a-music-creation-programme-on%C3%A2-the-anxiety-self-esteem-and-quality-of-life-of%C3%A2-people-with-severe-mental-illness-a-quasi-experimental-design
#6
Beh-Huan Chang, Bo-Wei Chen, Jason W Beckstead, Chiu-Yueh Yang
Many studies have shown that music therapy improves patients' symptoms. However, interventions using music creation as their core await further development for patients with severe mental illness (SMI). The current study investigated the effect of a music-creation programme on the anxiety, self-esteem, and quality of life of patients with SMI. A quasi-experimental design using convenience sampling was adopted to recruit patients with SMI from a psychiatric day care centre. Participants were grouped based on their willingness to undergo an intervention (26 patients in the experimental group and 23 patients in the control group)...
December 8, 2017: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221475/a-critical-realist-evaluation-of-a-music-therapy-intervention-in-palliative-care
#7
Sam Porter, Tracey McConnell, Mike Clarke, Jenny Kirkwood, Naomi Hughes, Lisa Graham-Wisener, Joan Regan, Miriam McKeown, Kerry McGrillen, Joanne Reid
BACKGROUND: Music therapy is increasingly used as an adjunct therapy to support symptom management in palliative care. However, studies to date have paid little attention to the processes that lead to changes in patient outcomes. To fill this gap, we examined the processes and experiences involved in the introduction of music therapy as an adjunct complementary therapy to palliative care in a hospice setting in the United Kingdom (UK). METHODS: Using a realistic evaluation approach, we conducted a qualitative study using a variety of approaches...
December 8, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211236/effects-of-sacred-music-on-the-spiritual-well-being-of-bereaved-relatives-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#8
Vladimir Araujo da Silva, Rita de Cássia Frederico Silva, Nubia Carla Ferreira Cabau, Eliseth Ribeiro Leão, Maria Júlia Paes da Silva
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the effects of instrumental sacred music and sacred music with vocals on the spiritual well-being of bereaved relatives. METHOD This is a randomized clinical trial carried out with family members bereaving the death of loved ones to cancer. Participants were allocated into three groups: Group 1 (control), Group 2 (experimental using sacred music with vocals) or Group 3 (experimental using instrumental sacred music). Spiritual well-being was assessed through the Spiritual Well-Being Scale...
2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210877/music-intervention-with-reminiscence-therapy-and-reality-orientation-for-elderly-people-with-alzheimer-disease-living-in-a-nursing-home-a-pilot-study
#9
María Dolores Onieva-Zafra, Laura Hernández-Garcia, María Teresa Gonzalez-Del-Valle, María Laura Parra-Fernández, Elia Fernandez-Martinez
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an 8-week nursing intervention consisting of 2 weekly sessions of music and reminiscence therapy together with the application of reality orientation techniques. Our expectation at the onset of the study was that listening to music that was familiar and connected with the memory of past events would, due to the music's emotional impact, stimulate memory associations, leading, in turn, to a positive effect on depression and anxiety in people living with dementia...
January 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209201/do-lifestyle-activities-protect-against-cognitive-decline-in-aging-a-review
#10
Gregory J Christie, Tara Hamilton, Bradley D Manor, Norman A S Farb, Faranak Farzan, Andrew Sixsmith, Jean-Jacques Temprado, Sylvain Moreno
The number of patients suffering from dementia is expected to more than triple by the year 2040, and this represents a major challenge to publicly-funded healthcare systems throughout the world. One of the most effective prevention mechanisms against dementia lies in increasing brain- and cognitive-reserve capacity, which has been found to reduce the behavioral severity of dementia symptoms as neurological degeneration progresses. To date though, most of the factors known to enhance this reserve stem from largely immutable history factors, such as level of education and occupational attainment...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204737/initial-slovenian-experience-with-mitraclip-therapy-careful-selection-of-patients-is-crucial-for-optimal-outcome
#11
Jana Ambrožič, Marta Cvijič, Mojca Bervar, Špela Mušič, Matjaž Bunc
BACKGROUND: MitraClip is a percutaneous mitral repair technology increasingly used for high surgical risk patients with primary or secondary mitral regurgitation. We describe initial Slovenian experience with MitraClip and discuss the importance of identifying the suitable candidates for this procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the first 10 patients (mean age 75.6 ± 6.9 years, logistic Euroscore 28.4 ± 10.9%) with severe and moderate to severe mitral regurgitation (8 secondary, 1 primary and 1 mixed etiology) who underwent a MitraClip procedure between January 2015 and February 2017...
December 4, 2017: Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199839/a-systematic-review-of-the-efficacy-of-creative-arts-therapies-in-the-treatment-of-adults-with-ptsd
#12
Felicity A Baker, Olivia Metcalf, Tracey Varker, Meaghan O'Donnell
OBJECTIVE: There is a growing body of literature supporting the use of creative arts therapies; however, the efficacy of creative arts therapies in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has not been systematically evaluated. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the efficacy of creative arts therapy including music therapy, art therapy, dance/movement therapy, and drama therapy, in the treatment of PTSD. METHOD: Ten databases were searched for peer-reviewed literature published from inception to December 2016...
December 4, 2017: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186566/long-term-perspectives-of-family-quality-of-life-following-music-therapy-with-young-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-a-phenomenological-study
#13
Grace A Thompson
Background: Parents of children on the autism spectrum have consistently reported feeling uncertain in their parenting role, and desire more practical advice from service providers about how to support their child in the home. There is growing recognition of the need for interventions to provide support to the family as well as fostering child development outcomes. Objective: This study explores mothers' follow-up perspectives of family-centered music therapy (FCMT) four years after participating in a 16-week home-based program, and therefore provides a unique long-term viewpoint on FCMT outcomes...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182948/mozart-s-music-in-children-with-drug-refractory-epileptic-encephalopathies-comparison-of-two-protocols
#14
Giangennaro Coppola, Francesca Felicia Operto, Francesca Caprio, Giuseppe Ferraioli, Simone Pisano, Andrea Viggiano, Alberto Verrotti
In this prospective, randomized, open label study, we compared the effect on seizure recurrence and quality-of-life parameters, of two different protocols of music therapy in children and adolescents with refractory epileptic encephalopathies. Nine out of 19 patients (13 males and 6 females, aged between 1 and 24years) were randomized to listen to Mozart's sonata in D major for two pianos K448 for 2h/day for 2weeks; other 10 children were randomized on a set of Mozart's compositions. In group 1 (K448), 2/9 children (22...
November 25, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182746/experiences-of-persons-with-parkinson-s-disease-engaged-in-group-therapeutic-singing
#15
Elizabeth L Stegemöller, Tera R Hurt, Margaret C O'Connor, Randie D Camp, Chrishelda W Green, Jenna C Pattee, Ebony K Williams
Background: Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that leads to altered neural control of movement, including the control of voice, respiration, and swallowing. There is a prevalent need to provide therapy for voice, respiration, and swallowing difficulties because current pharmacological and surgical treatments do not effectively treat these impairments. Previous research has demonstrated that singing may be a treatment option to target voice, respiratory, and swallowing impairments, as well as quality of life...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175881/sing-your-heart-out-community-singing-as-part-of-mental-health-recovery
#16
Tom Shakespeare, Alice Whieldon
This paper reports on a qualitative evaluation of a Norfolk-based network of community singing workshops aimed at people with mental health conditions and the general public. The aims of the study were (a) to evaluate the effectiveness of the Sing Your Heart Out (SYHO) project and (b) to identify the key features which made the project distinctive. The study draws on 20 interviews with participants, two focus groups with organisers and workshop leaders, and participative observation over a 6-month period. Interviewees all reported improvement in or maintenance of their mental health and well-being as a direct result of engagement in the singing workshops...
November 25, 2017: Medical Humanities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171070/music-for-reducing-the-anxiety-and-pain-of-patients-undergoing-the-biopsy-a-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Mingzhi Song, Nanyang Li, Xianbin Zhang, Yuru Shang, Litao Yan, Jin Chu, Ran Sun, Yun Xu
AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of music therapy for reducing the anxiety and pain of patients who underwent the biopsy. BACKGROUND: Music can affect human anxiety and pain by triggering a neuroendocrine effect. Clinical study results indicated that music can influence the anxiety and pain caused by invasive procedures. There is no effective solution for anxiety and pain arising from a biopsy. Although researchers in this field have different views, music still holds promise in reducing the anxiety and pain in patients undergoing the biopsy...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169701/aromatherapy-for-the-relief-of-symptoms-in-burn-patients-a-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#18
REVIEW
Jiae Choi, Ju Ah Lee, Zainab Alimoradi, Myeong Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Aromatherapy is often used to manage several conditions, including pain, psychological distress, and burn-related symptoms. The objective of this review was to assess the current evidence regarding the efficacy of aromatherapy as a treatment for burn wounds. METHODS: The following fifteen databases and trial registries were searched for studies published between their dates of inception and January 2017: AMED, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), as well as six Korean medical databases and four Iranian databases...
November 20, 2017: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167685/effect-of-music-practice-on-anxiety-and-depression-of-iranian-dental-students
#19
Mahmood Ghasemi, Hana Lotfollahzadeh, Tahereh Kermani-Ranjbar, Mohammad Javad Kharazifard
Objectives: The practice of dentistry has long been associated with high levels of occupational stress and anxiety and music has been shown as a method of reducing stress. Considering the reportedly high level of stress among dental students and its consequences and also considering the positive effect of music therapy, the aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between music practice and level of stress in dental students. Materials and Methods: In this analytical, cross-sectional study, 88 students, including 44 with a history of music practice and 44 matched controls without music practice who met the defined inclusion criteria, participated...
May 2017: Journal of Dentistry of Tehran University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166194/the-effects-of-music-therapy-on-the-physiological-response-of-asthmatic-children-receiving-inhalation-therapy
#20
Riau Roslita, Nani Nurhaeni, Dessie Wanda
The clinical manifestation of asthma in children can interfere with their daily activities. Music therapy may become one of the alternative approaches to making children feel comfortable during inhalation therapy. The aim of the study was to identify the effects of music therapy on the physiological response of asthmatic preschool and school-age children receiving inhalation therapy. This study used a quasi-experimental, nonequivalent control group with a pre-test-post-test design. The 44 respondents consisted of preschool and school-age children assigned to intervention and control groups...
2017: Comprehensive Child and Adolescent Nursing
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