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Brucella abortus

Huynh Tan Hop, Lauren Togonon Arayan, Alisha Wehdnesday Bernardo Reyes, Tran Xuan Ngoc Huy, WonGi Min, Hu Jang Lee, Jee Soo Son, Suk Kim
Brucella is a zoonotic pathogen that survives within macrophages; however the replicative mechanisms involved are not fully understood. We describe the isolation of sufficient Brucella abortus RNA from primary host cell environment using modified reported methods for RNA-seq analysis, and simultaneously characterize the transcriptional profiles of intracellular B. abortus and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMM) from BALB/c mice at 24 h (replicative phase) post-infection. Our results revealed that 25.12% (801/3190) and 16...
October 17, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
Songelwayo L Chisi, Tracy Schmidt, George W Akol, Henriette Van Heerden
Serology is primarily used in the diagnosis of bovine brucellosis. Bacterial culture and isolation is the gold standard in diagnosing brucellosis but, like serology, it does not offer complete (100%) diagnostic sensitivity and specificity. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) has been suggested to offer better specificity and sensitivity. In this study, we evaluated the performance of Brucella abortus species specific (BaSS) PCR directly from different samples in the diagnosis of bovine brucellosis in naturally infected cattle in KwaZulu-Natal province of South Africa with known infectious status from culture...
September 27, 2017: Journal of the South African Veterinary Association
D G Junqueira Junior, A M C Lima, G M S Rosinha, C E G Carvalho, C E Oliveira, C C Sanches
A total of 27 seminal plasma samples from cattle-breeding farms or semen centres located in Minas Gerais, Brazil, previously negative by serological and tested positive for Brucella spp. with primer specific for the amplification of the gene virb5 by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) were analysed for the detection of Brucella abortus DNA by PCR. It was found that nine samples (33.33%) contained B. abortus B19 strain DNA, two (7.40%) contained B. abortus DNA and five (18.51%) contained both DNA. The larger number of samples with B...
October 16, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
Woo Bin Park, Young Bin Im, Shim Soojin, Han Sang Yoo
Brucella abortus is a bacterium that causes brucellosis and is the causative agent of worldwide zoonosis. Pathogenesis of the Brucella abortus infection is so complicates. Thus, several researches have made to solve mechanism in infection of Brucella abortus. While several proteins are revealed as the pathogenic factors by previous researches, underlying mechanism of the Brucella abortus infection is still left to be resolved. We identify the proteins showing the different expression level in Brucella abortus mutants with different biological characteristics that generated by random insertion of transposon...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Science
L Olmo, M T Dye, M P Reichel, J R Young, S Nampanya, S Khounsy, P C Thomson, P A Windsor, R D Bush
N. caninum, bovine viral diarrhoea virus, Brucella abortus and Leptospira interrogans serovar Hardjo are globally significant reproductive pathogens that cause abortion and reproductive loss in large ruminants. Prevalence information is lacking in Lao People's Democratic Republic (Laos) despite the poor reproductive performance of cattle and buffalo. Serological examination of frozen cattle (n=90) and buffalo (n=61) sera by commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays provided the first reported screening of some of these pathogens in Laos...
October 9, 2017: Acta Tropica
Aigerim Mailybayeva, Bolat Yespembetov, Sholpan Ryskeldinova, Nadezhda Zinina, Abylai Sansyzbay, Gourapura J Renukaradhya, Nikolai Petrovsky, Kaissar Tabynov
We previously developed a potent candidate vaccine against bovine brucellosis caused by Brucella abortus using the influenza viral vector expressing Brucella Omp16 and L7/L12 proteins (Flu-BA). Our success in the Flu-BA vaccine trial in cattle and results of a pilot study in non-pregnant small ruminants prompted us in the current study to test its efficacy against B. melitensis infection in pregnant sheep and goats. In this study, we improved the Flu-BA vaccine formulation and immunization method to achieve maximum efficacy and safety...
2017: PloS One
James T Rudrik, Marty K Soehnlen, Michael J Perry, Maureen Sullivan, Wanda Reiter-Kintz, Philip A Lee, Denise Pettit, Anthony Tran, Erin Swaney
Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization -- time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) sample preparation methods including the direct, on-plate formic acid, and ethanol/formic acid tube extraction were evaluated for their ability to render highly pathogenic organisms non-viable and safe for handling in a Biosafety Level-2 laboratory. Of these, the tube extraction procedure was the most successful, with none of the tested strains surviving this sample preparation method. Tube extracts from several agents of bioterrorism and their near neighbors were analyzed in an eight laboratory study to examine the utility of the Bruker Biotyper and Vitek MS MALDI-TOF MS systems and their IVD, research use only, and Security-Relevant databases, as applicable, to accurately identify these agents...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Microbiology
Paula Constanza Arriola Benitez, Ayelén Ivana Pesce Viglietti, Claudia Karina Herrmann, Vida A Dennis, Diego José Comerci, Guillermo Hernán Giambartolomei, María Victoria Delpino
The liver is frequently affected in patients with active brucellosis. The present study demonstrates that B. abortus infection induces the activation of the autophagic pathway in hepatic stellate cells to create a microenvironment that promote a profibrogenic phenotype through the induction of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), collagen deposition and inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) secretion. Autophagy was revealed by up-regulation of the LC3II/LC3I ratio and beclin-1 expression as well as inhibition of p62 expression in infected cells...
October 9, 2017: Infection and Immunity
Lee Dolat, Raphael H Valdivia
Intracellular bacterial pathogens thrive within eukaryotic cells by interacting with a range of organelles to establish a replicative niche. In a new study in Cell Host and Microbe, Miller et al. identify a Brucella abortus effector that subverts membrane and protein transport to the Golgi apparatus to promote bacterial replication.
October 4, 2017: Trends in Cell Biology
Daniela S Castillo, Diego A Rey Serantes, Luciano J Melli, Andrés E Ciocchini, Juan E Ugalde, Diego J Comerci, Alejandro Cassola
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is the major etiologic agent of hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS). The high rate of HUS emphasizes the urgency for the implementation of primary prevention strategies to reduce its public health impact. Argentina shows the highest rate of HUS worldwide, being E. coli O157 the predominant STEC-associated HUS serogroup (>70%), followed by E. coli O145 (>9%). To specifically detect these serogroups we aimed at developing highly specific monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) against the O-polysaccharide (O-PS) section of the lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of the dominant STEC-associated HUS serogroups in Argentina...
2017: PloS One
Maria Soledad Hielpos, Mariana C Ferrero, Andrea G Fernández, Juliana Falivene, Silvia Vanzulli, Diego J Comerci, Pablo C Baldi
Although inhalation of infected aerosols is a frequent route for Brucella infection in humans, it rarely causes pulmonary clinical manifestations, suggesting a mild or nearly absent local inflammatory response. The goal of this study was to characterize the early innate immune response to intratracheal infection with Brucella abortus in mice and to evaluate whether it is modulated by this pathogen. After infection with 10(6) CFU of B. abortus, the pulmonary bacterial burden at 7 days post-infection (p.i...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
Recep Keşli, Hüseyin Bilgin, Halim Yılmaz
Brucellosis is a worldwide zoonotic disease and still continuous to be a major public health problem. In this study, it was aimed to identify the Brucella strains to the species level isolated from blood cultures, and to determine the rate of antimicrobial susceptibility against eleven antibacterial agents. A total of 106 Brucella spp. strains were included in the study, which were isolated from blood cultures in University of Health Sciences, Konya Training and Research Hospital, Medical Microbiology Laboratory between January 2011 and June 2013...
July 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
D Peck, M Bruce
Brucellosis is a zoonotic bacterial disease that causes recurring febrile illness in humans, as well as reproductive failure and reduced milk production in livestock. The cost of brucellosis is equal to the sum of lost productivity of humans and animals, as well as private and public expenditures on brucellosis surveillance, prevention, control and treatment. In Albania, Brucella abortus and B. melitensis affect humans, cattle and small ruminants. In the United States, B. abortus affects cattle and wild ungulates in the Greater Yellowstone Area...
April 2017: Revue Scientifique et Technique
Adriana C Casabuono, Cecilia Czibener, Mariela G Del Giudice, Ezequiel Valguarnera, Juan E Ugalde, Alicia S Couto
Brucellaceae are Gram-negative bacteria that cause brucellosis, one of the most distributed worldwide zoonosis, transmitted to humans by contact with either infected animals or their products. The lipopolysaccharide exposed on the cell surface has been intensively studied and is considered a major virulence factor of Brucella. In the last years, structural studies allowed the determination of new structures in the core oligosaccharide and the O-antigen of this lipopolysaccharide. In this work, we have reinvestigated the lipid A structure isolated from B...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry
Zhiqiang Li, Shuli Wang, Hui Zhang, Li Xi, Jinliang Zhang, Xiaogen Zhang, Jincheng Han, Junbo Zhang
It is essential to improve animal vaccine for brucellosis since conventional vaccines are residual virulent and poor protective effect, limit their applications. To solve these problems, the recombinant DNA vaccines were appeared, which could improve protective immunity and were attenuated to animals. In current research, the recombinant DNA vaccine (pVGntR) based on transcriptional regulator GntR of Brucella abortus (B. abortus) was constructed. The results show that pVGntR is significantly more protective than the conventional RB51 vaccine...
October 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
M N Aznar, M Arregui, M F Humblet, L E Samartino, C Saegerman
BACKGROUND: In Argentina, vaccination with Brucella abortus Strain 19 vaccine is mandatory. The objective of the study was to develop and test a method for evaluating, in an innovative way, some farmers' and veterinarians' management practices in relation to brucellosis and to assess the vaccination campaign and coverage. The work took place in Brandsen and Navarro districts. Four questionnaires were designed (for officials from Local Sanitary Entities, vaccinators, vet practitioners and farmers)...
September 7, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
M S Roset, T G Alefantis, V G DelVecchio, G Briones
Brucella ssp. is a facultative intracellular pathogen that causes brucellosis, a worldwide zoonosis that affects a wide range of mammals including humans. A critical step for the establishment of a successful Brucella infection is its ability to survive within macrophages. To further understand the mechanisms that Brucella utilizes to adapt to an intracellular lifestyle, a differential proteomic study was performed for the identification of intracellular modulated proteins. Our results demonstrated that at 48 hours post-infection Brucella adjusts its metabolism in order to survive intracellularly by modulating central carbon metabolism...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
Won Kyong Kim, Ja Young Moon, Jeong Sang Cho, Jin Hur
Brucella species are important etiological agents of zoonotic diseases. Attenuated Salmonella strains expressing Brucella abortus BCSP31, Omp3b and superoxide dismutase proteins were tested as vaccine candidates in this study. In order to determine the optimal dose for intraperitoneal (IP) inoculation required to obtain effective protection against brucellosis, mice were immunized with various doses of a mixture of the three vaccine strains. Fifty BALB/c mice were divided into five equal groups (groups A-E)...
September 29, 2017: Pathogens and Disease
Huynh Tan Hop, Lauren Togonon Arayan, Alisha Wehdnesday Bernardo Reyes, Tran Xuan Ngoc Huy, Eun Jin Baek, WonGi Min, Hu Jang Lee, Chun Hee Lee, Man Hee Rhee, Suk Kim
In this study, we evaluated the inhibitory effect of a rice bran mixture extract (RBE) on Brucella (B.) abortus pathogenesis in professional (RAW 264.7) and non-professional (HeLa) phagocytes. We fermented the rice bran mixture and then extracted with 50% ethanol followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry to identify components in RBE. Our results clearly showed that RBE caused a significant reduction in the adherence of B. abortus in both cell lines. Furthermore, analysis of phagocytic signaling proteins by Western blot revealed that RBE pretreatment resulted in inhibition of phosphorylation of JNK, ERK and p38, leading to decline of internalization compared with the controls...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Cheryl N Miller, Erin P Smith, Jennifer A Cundiff, Leigh A Knodler, Jessica Bailey Blackburn, Vladimir Lupashin, Jean Celli
Many intracellular pathogens exploit host secretory trafficking to support their intracellular cycle, but knowledge of these pathogenic processes is limited. The bacterium Brucella abortus uses a type IV secretion system (VirB T4SS) to generate a replication-permissive Brucella-containing vacuole (rBCV) derived from the host ER, a process that requires host early secretory trafficking. Here we show that the VirB T4SS effector BspB contributes to rBCV biogenesis and Brucella replication by interacting with the conserved oligomeric Golgi (COG) tethering complex, a major coordinator of Golgi vesicular trafficking, thus remodeling Golgi membrane traffic and redirecting Golgi-derived vesicles to the BCV...
September 13, 2017: Cell Host & Microbe
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