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Fast-track arthroplasty

Christoffer C Jørgensen, Henrik Kehlet
Background - The benefit of preoperative bridging in surgical patients with continuous anticoagulant therapy is debatable, and drawing of meaningful conclusions may have been limited by mixed procedures with different thromboembolic and bleeding risks in most published studies. Patients and methods - This was an observational cohort treatment study in consecutive primary unilateral total hip and knee arthroplasty patients between January 2010 and November 2013 in 8 Danish fast-track departments. Data were collected prospectively on preoperative comorbidity and anticoagulants in patients with preoperative vitamin K antagonist (VKA) treatment...
October 19, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
Berit T Valeberg, Lise H Høvik, Kari H Gjeilo
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This was a prospective cohort study assessing data from 71 adult patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA) following a standardized fast-track program between January and July 2013. The objective was to examine the relationship between self-rated pain sensitivity, as measured by the Pain Sensitivity Questionnaire (PSQ), and postoperative pain after TKA. METHODS: The baseline questionnaires, PSQ and Brief Pain Inventory, were given to the patients for self-administration at the presurgical evaluation (1-2 weeks prior to surgery)...
2016: Journal of Pain Research
Yannick N T Van Den Eeden, Bruno J G De Turck, Frank M C Van Den Eeden
Background and purpose - The length of stay after total hip arthroplasty has been reduced to 2-4 days after implementing fast-track surgery. We investigated whether a new time-based patient-centered primary direct anterior approach (DAA) total hip arthroplasty (THA) treatment protocol in a specialized clinic, with a planned length of stay of about 24 hours, could be achieved in all patients or only in a selected group of patients. Patients and methods - We analyzed prospectively collected data in a cohort of 378 consecutive patients who underwent a primary direct anterior THA as a patient-centered time-based procedure between March 1, 2012 and December 31, 2015...
September 23, 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
Pawel Zietek, Violetta Dziedziejko, Krzysztof Safranow, Joanna Zietek, Marta Stępień-Słodkowska, Monika Bialecka, Maciej Zietek, Daniel Kotrych, Adam Kamiński, Aleksandra Kowalska
BACKGROUND: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) helps regulate neuroinflammation and anxiety and could conceivable predict early post-operative pain and function after fast-track total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: In patients with severe osteoarthritic knees undergoing TKA, we assessed: the correlations between pre-operative concentrations of TNF-α in synovial fluid; pre- and six-week post-operative knee function and pain; pre- and post-operative anxiety; pre- and post-operative synovial fluid concentrations of cartilage oligomeric matrix protein (COMP); age and body mass index (BMI)...
September 12, 2016: Knee
Christian Skovgaard Nielsen, Kirill Gromov, Øivind Jans, Anders Troelsen, Henrik Husted
BACKGROUND: Postoperative anemia is frequent after revision of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) with reported transfusion rates up to 83%. Despite increased efforts of reducing blood loss and enhancing fast recovery within the fast-track setup, a considerable transfusion rate is still evident. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the effect of a bipolar sealer on blood loss and transfusion in revision TKA. METHODS: In this single-center prospective cohort study with retrospective controls, 51 patients were enrolled in a fast-track setup for revision TKA without the use of a tourniquet...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Chunyuan Qiu, Maxime Cannesson, Atef Morkos, Vu T Nguyen, Diana LaPlace, Narendra S Trivedi, Armond Khachatourians, Joseph Rinehart, Zeev N Kain
BACKGROUND: In this article, we report on the implementation and impact of a Perioperative Surgical Home (PSH) model for the total knee arthroplasty at an integrated delivery system (Kaiser Permanente). METHODS: A multidisciplinary committee developed and implemented a series of PSH protocols that included the entire continuum of care from the decision for surgery until 30 days after surgery. Five hundred forty-six subjects were included in the preimplementation phase (Fast Track [T-fast]), and 518 patients were included in the postimplementation phase (PSH)...
September 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Francis Lovecchio, Hasham Alvi, Shawn Sahota, Matthew Beal, David Manning
BACKGROUND: In the emerging fiscal climate of value-based decision-making and shared risk and remuneration, outpatient total joint arthroplasty is attractive provided the incidence of costly complications is comparable to contemporary "fast-track" inpatient pathways. METHODS: All patients undergoing total hip arthroplasty or total knee arthroplasty between 2011 and 2013 were selected from the American College of Surgeons-National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database...
September 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Henrik Husted, Christoffer C Jørgensen, Kirill Gromov, Henrik Kehlet
Background and purpose - Body mass index (BMI) outside the normal range possibly affects the perioperative morbidity and mortality following total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in traditional care programs. We determined perioperative morbidity and mortality in such patients who were operated with the fast-track methodology and compared the levels with those in patients with normal BMI. Patients and methods - This was a prospective observational study involving 13,730 procedures (7,194 THA and 6,536 TKA operations) performed in a standardized fast-track setting...
October 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
Lene Bastrup Jørgensen, Lone Ramer Mikkelsen, Bodil Bjørnshave Noe, Martin Vesterby, Maria Uhd, Bengt Fridlund
The psychosocial effects of web-based information have yet to be tested for patients joining a fast-track total hip arthroplasty programme. This study compared and evaluated the psychosocial impact of standard total hip arthroplasty programme, with and without supplementation with a web-based information platform (E-total hip arthroplasty programme). Totally, 299 patients were enrolled in an un-controlled, before-and-after study, 117 in the S-total hip arthroplasty programme group and 182 in the E-total hip arthroplasty programme group...
May 26, 2016: Health Informatics Journal
Frederik T Pitter, Christoffer C Jørgensen, Martin Lindberg-Larsen, Henrik Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Elderly patients are at risk of increased length of hospital stay (LOS), postoperative complications, readmission, and discharge to destinations other than home after elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Recent studies have found that enhanced recovery protocols or fast-track surgery can be safe for elderly patients undergoing these procedures and may result in reduced LOS. However, detailed studies on preoperative comorbidity and differentiation between medical and surgical postoperative morbidity in elderly patients are scarce...
June 2016: Anesthesia and Analgesia
Lars S Bjerregaard, Ulla Hornum, Charlotte Troldborg, Stina Bogoe, Per Bagi, Henrik Kehlet
BACKGROUND: No evidence-based threshold exists for postoperative urinary bladder catheterization. The authors hypothesized that a catheterization threshold of 800 ml was superior to 500 ml in reducing postoperative urinary catheterization and urological complications after fast-track total hip arthroplasty (THA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: This was a randomized, controlled, open-label trial that included patients greater than or equal to 18 yr who underwent THA or TKA in three Danish, fast-track, orthopedic departments...
June 2016: Anesthesiology
Eric M Padegimas, Benjamin M Zmistowski, Corey T Clyde, Camilo Restrepo, Joseph A Abboud, Mark D Lazarus, Matthew L Ramsey, Gerald R Williams, Surena Namdari
BACKGROUND: One potential avenue for the realization of health care savings is reduction in hospital length of stay (LOS). Initiatives to reduce LOS may also reduce infection and improve patient satisfaction. We compare LOS after shoulder arthroplasty at an orthopedic specialty hospital (OSH) and a tertiary referral center (TRC). METHODS: A single institutional database was used to retrospectively identify all primary shoulder arthroplasties performed between January 1, 2013, and July 1, 2015, at the OSH and TRC...
September 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Einar Amlie, Anners Lerdal, Caryl L Gay, Øystein Høvik, Lars Nordsletten, Sigbjørn Dimmen
Rates of revision surgery due to deep infection following total hip arthroplasty (THA) increased at a Norwegian hospital following implementation of fast-track procedures. The purpose of this study was to determine whether selected demographic (age and sex) and clinical (body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) classification, surgery duration, length of hospital stay, cemented versus uncemented prosthesis, and fast-track procedures) factors were associated with higher risk of revision surgery due to deep infection following THA...
2016: Advances in Orthopedics
Lars S Bjerregaard, Christoffer C Jorgensen, Henrik Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Overall medical complications have been reduced after fast-track total hip (THA) and knee arthroplasty (TKA), but data on specific renal and urological (RU) complications are limited. METHODS: To describe the incidence and consequences of serious RU complications resulting in length of stay > 4 days or 30-day readmissions after fast-track THA and TKA, we conducted a detailed observational study based upon prospectively collected pre-operative data and a complete 30-day follow-up on complications and re-admissions in a unselected cohort of 8,804 consecutive fast-track THAs and TKAs...
March 30, 2016: Minerva Anestesiologica
Guojing Yang, Wanchen Chen, Wenliang Chen, Xiaojun Tang, Yijiang Huang, Lei Zhang
BACKGROUND: A fast-track program (FT) can shorten hospital stay after total hip arthroplasty. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to investigate the feasibility and safety of 2-day discharge after fast-track total hip arthroplasty in a Chinese population. METHODS: A total of 258 selected patients who underwent unilateral primary total hip arthroplasty were enrolled into the final cohort and were randomized into the FT (n = 126) and standard program group (n = 132)...
August 2016: Journal of Arthroplasty
Øivind Jans, Thomas Bandholm, Sorel Kurbegovic, Søren Solgaard, Per Kjaersgaard-Andersen, Pär I Johansson, Henrik Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Postoperative anemia is prevalent in fast-track hip arthroplasty (THA) where patients are mobilized and discharged early, but whether anemia impairs functional recovery after discharge has not been adequately evaluated previously. This study aimed to evaluate whether postoperative anemia influenced recovery of mobility and quality of life (Qol) during the first 2 weeks after discharge from THA. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a prospective observational study in 122 THA patients more than 65 years of age...
April 2016: Transfusion
Silas Hinsch Gylvin, Christoffer Calov Jørgensen, Anders Fink-Jensen, Henrik Kehlet
Recent studies suggest that patients with psychiatric disorders tend to do worse than patients without a psychiatric diagnosis when undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Whether this is due to their psychiatric condition, pharmacological treatment, a combination of the two, or something else has not been thoroughly analyzed-and there are no internationally accepted guidelines for perioperative management of psychiatric patients. This overview summarizes our current knowledge on perioperative risks in patients with preoperative psychiatric disorders and the possible role of psychotropic drugs in the perioperative course...
October 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
Kirill Gromov, Anders Troelsen, Kristian Stahl Otte, Thue Ørsnes, Henrik Husted
Background and purpose - The safety aspects of bilateral simultaneous total knee arthroplasty (BSTKA) are still debated. In this retrospective single-center study, we investigated early morbidity and mortality following BSTKA in a modern fast-track setting. We also identified risk factors for re-admission within 90 days and for a length of stay (LOS) of more than 5 days. Patients and methods - 284 patients were selected to receive BSTKA at our institution from 2008 through 2014 in a well-described, standardized fast-track setup (Husted 2012a, b)...
June 2016: Acta Orthopaedica
Kirsten Specht, Per Kjaersgaard-Andersen, Birthe D Pedersen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore the lived experience of patients in fast-track primary unilateral total hip and knee arthroplasty from the first visit at the outpatient clinic until discharge. BACKGROUND: Fast-track has resulted in increased effectiveness, including faster recovery and shorter length of stay to about two days after hip and knee arthroplasty. However, the patient perspective in fast-track with a median length of stay of less than three days has been less investigated...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Nursing
E K Aasvang, T H Lunn, T B Hansen, P W Kristensen, S Solgaard, H Kehlet
BACKGROUND: Pre-operative opioid use has been suggested to increase post-operative pain and opioid consumption after total knee arthroplasty (TKA), but previous studies are either retrospective or inhomogeneous with regard to surgical procedures or control of analgesic regimes, or with few opioid-treated patients, hindering firm conclusions. METHODS: In a prospective observational study, we investigated the effect of > 4 weeks pre-operative opioid use [none vs...
April 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
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