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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650204/pacifier-and-swaddling-effective-in-impeding-premature-infant-s-pain-score-and-heart-rate
#1
Defi Efendi, Yeni Rustina, Dewi Gayatri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of pacifier and swaddling on premature infant's pain score, hearthrate, and oxygen saturation during an invasive procedure. METHOD: This randomized control trial involv 30 premature infants who were randomly assigned into control (n=15) and intervention (n=15) groups using parallel design. Infants in the intervention group received pacifier and swaddling when they were undergoing invasive procedures. The outcome indicators of the two-day intervention were pain score, hearth rate, and oxygen saturation...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613813/post-mortem-survival-of-gallibacterium-anatis-in-a-laying-hen-experimental-infection-model
#2
Chong Wang, Susanne Elisabeth Pors, Anders Miki Bojesen
To assess the survival of G. anatis in dead laying hens, 21-week old laying hens were injected intraperitoneally with 0.5 ml brain hearth infusion broth containing 108 CFU of G. anatis 12656-12 liver (n=16), E. coli ST141(n=16), or a mix of G. anatis 12656-12 liver (n=16) and E. coli ST141 (n=16), respectively. Birds were euthanized 24 hours post injection and eight dead birds were kept at 4°C and room temperature, respectively. Swab samples were taken at different time points post euthanization and streaked on blood agar plates...
April 3, 2018: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559132/dirofilaria-immitis-and-angiostrongylus-vasorum-the-current-situation-of-two-major-canine-heartworms-in-portugal
#3
Ana Margarida Alho, José Meireles, Manuela Schnyder, Luís Cardoso, Silvana Belo, Peter Deplazes, Luís Madeira de Carvalho
Cardiopulmonary nematodes are life-threatening pet parasites increasingly reported throughout Europe, with overlapping endemic areas. Dirofilaria immitis is a mosquito-borne whilst Angiostrongylus vasorum is a snail-borne pathogen. Both adult nematodes reside in the pulmonary arteries and right cardiac ventricle of domestic and wild canids, causing a wide spectrum of clinical presentations ranging from cough, dyspnoea and exercise intolerance to severe vascular and pulmonary disease with hearth failure that may lead to death...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482526/development-of-the-japanese-version-of-an-information-aid-to-provide-accurate-information-on-prognosis-to-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy-a-pilot-study
#4
Kikuo Nakano, Yoshihiro Kitahara, Mineyo Mito, Misato Seno, Shoji Sunada
BACKGROUND: Without explicit prognostic information, patients may overestimate their life expectancy and make poor choices at the end of life. We sought to design the Japanese version of an information aid (IA) to provide accurate information on prognosis to patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to assess the effects of the IA on hope, psychosocial status, and perception of curability. METHODS: We developed the Japanese version of an IA, which provided information on survival and cure rates as well as numerical survival estimates for patients with metastatic NSCLC receiving first-line chemotherapy...
February 27, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477433/automatic-energy-expenditure-measurement-for-health-science
#5
Cagatay Catal, Akhan Akbulut
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It is crucial to predict the human energy expenditure in any sports activity and health science application accurately to investigate the impact of the activity. However, measurement of the real energy expenditure is not a trivial task and involves complex steps. The objective of this work is to improve the performance of existing estimation models of energy expenditure by using machine learning algorithms and several data from different sensors and provide this estimation service in a cloud-based platform...
April 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448083/sympathetic-arousal-but-not-disturbed-executive-functioning-mediates-the-impairment-of-cognitive-flexibility-under-stress
#6
Martin Marko, Igor Riečanský
Cognitive flexibility emerges from an interplay of multiple cognitive systems, of which lexical-semantic and executive are thought to be the most important. Yet this has not been addressed by previous studies demonstrating that such forms of flexible thought deteriorate under stress. Motivated by these shortcomings, the present study evaluated several candidate mechanisms implied to mediate the impairing effects of stress on flexible thinking. Fifty-seven healthy adults were randomly assigned to psychosocial stress or control condition while assessed for performance on cognitive flexibility, working memory capacity, semantic fluency, and self-reported cognitive interference...
May 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414640/malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde-antibody-concentrations-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-other-rheumatic-conditions
#7
Ted R Mikuls, Michael J Duryee, Bryant R England, Daniel R Anderson, Michelene Hearth-Holmes, Kaihong Su, Kaleb Michaud, Jeffrey B Payne, Harlan Sayles, Carlos Hunter, Jacob D McGowan, Lynell W Klassen, Geoffrey M Thiele
OBJECTIVE: To compare anti-malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA) antibody concentrations between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and healthy and rheumatic disease controls. METHODS: Anti-MAA antibody (IgA, IgM, IgG) was measured using ELISA and banked serum from patients with RA (n = 284), osteoarthritis (OA, n = 330), spondyloarthropathy (SpA, n = 50), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, n = 88) as well as healthy controls (n = 82). Anti-MAA antibody concentrations and the frequency of positivity were compared across groups...
February 1, 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339300/robotic-surgery-in-elderly-and-very-elderly-gynecologic-cancer-patients
#8
Valerio Gallotta, Carmine Conte, Marco D'Indinosante, Alex Federico, Antonella Biscione, Giuseppe Vizzielli, Carolina Bottoni, Maria Vittoria Carbone, Francesco Legge, Stefano Uccella, Pierpaolo Ciocchetti, Andrea Russo, Lorenzo Polidori, Giovanni Scambia, Gabriella Ferrandina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility, safety, and short-term outcomes of robotic surgery (RS) for gynecologic oncologic indications (cervical, endometrial, and ovarian cancer) in elderly patients, especially women age 65 to 74 years (elderly group [EG]) compared with women age ≥75 years (very elderly group [VEG]). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338801/how-immediate-and-significant-is-the-outcome-of-training-on-diversified-diets-hygiene-and-food-safety-an-effort-to-mitigate-child-undernutrition-in-rural-malawi
#9
Anitha Seetha, Takuji W Tsusaka, Timalizge W Munthali, Maggie Musukwa, Agnes Mwangwela, Zione Kalumikiza, Tinna Manani, Lizzie Kachulu, Nelson Kumwenda, Mike Musoke, Patrick Okori
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the impacts of training on nutrition, hygiene and food safety designed by the Nutrition Working Group, Child Survival Collaborations and Resources Group (CORE). DESIGN: Adapted from the 21d Positive Deviance/Hearth model, mothers were trained on the subjects of appropriate complementary feeding, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices, and aflatoxin contamination in food. To assess the impacts on child undernutrition, a randomised controlled trial was implemented on a sample of 179 mothers and their children (<2 years old) in two districts of Malawi, namely Mzimba and Balaka...
April 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236912/cardiorespiratory-performance-of-coronary-artery-disease-patients-on-land-versus-underwater-treadmill-tests-a-comparative-study
#10
Mauricio Koprowski Garcia, Limanara Rizzo, Paulo Yazbek-Júnior, Daniela Yutiyama, Fabiola Jomar da Silva, Denise Matheus, Luiz Eduardo Mastrocolla, Eduardo Massad
OBJECTIVE: To compare responses to a cardiopulmonary exercise test on land versus on an underwater treadmill, to assess the cardiorespiratory performance of coronary artery disease patients while immersed in warm water and to compare with the performance of healthy individuals. METHODS: The sample population consisted of 40 subjects, which included 20 coronary artery disease patients aged 63.7±8.89 years old, functional class I and II, according to the New York Hearth Association, and 20 healthy subjects aged 64...
November 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145432/evaluating-the-intensity-of-fire-at-the-acheulian-site-of-gesher-benot-ya-aqov-spatial-and-thermoluminescence-analyses
#11
Nira Alperson-Afil, Daniel Richter, Naama Goren-Inbar
This manuscript presents an attempt to evaluate the intensity of fire through spatial patterning and thermoluminescence methodology. Previous studies of Layer II-6 Level 2 at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov suggested that hominins differentiated their activities across space, including multiple activities around a hearth reconstructed on the basis of the distribution of burned flint artifacts. A transect of ~4 m was extended from the center of the reconstructed hearth of Level 2 to its periphery in order to examine the intensity of fire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081384/secondary-laparoscopic-cytoreduction-in-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-a-large-single-institution-experience
#12
Valerio Gallotta, Carmine Conte, Maria Teresa Giudice, Camilla Nero, Giuseppe Vizzielli, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Stefano Cianci, Claudio Lodoli, Andrea Di Giorgio, Agostino Maria De Rose, Anna Fagotti, Giovanni Scambia, Gabriella Ferrandina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyze the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic secondary cytoreductive surgery in a retrospective series of patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. PATIENTS: Between October 2010 and October 2016, 58 patients with recurrent ovarian cancer were selected for a retrospective analysis of data...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947678/randomised-clinical-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-different-timing-and-number-of-fixed-timed-artificial-inseminations-following-a-seven-day-progesterone-based-protocol-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-uk-dairy-heifers
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John Paul Walsh, Amy Coates, Fabio Lima, Rob Smith, Georgios Oikonomou
The objective of this study was to determine the effect on pregnancy outcome of either inseminating heifers twice (at 48 and 72 hours after withdrawal of a controlled internal drug release insert (CIDR) containing progesterone) or once (56 hours after CIDR withdrawal) following a seven-day CIDR synchronisation protocol. Dairy heifers (n=267) from five farms, with an age range of 388-736 days, were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups (group A heifers were inseminated twice; group B heifers were inseminated once)...
December 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934684/scientific-evidence-for-the-identification-of-an-aboriginal-massacre-at-the-sturt-creek-sites-on-the-kimberley-frontier-of-north-western-australia
#14
Pamela A Smith, Mark D Raven, Keryn Walshe, Robert W Fitzpatrick, F Donald Pate
Archival research into episodes of frontier violence in the Kimberley region of Western Australia indicate that the bodies of Aboriginal victims of massacres were frequently incinerated following the event. This paper presents the results of a scientific investigation of a reported massacre at Sturt Creek where burnt bone fragments were identified in two adjacent sites and documents the archaeological signatures associated with the sites. The methodology used to undertake the project brought together three systems of knowledge: the oral testimonies of the descent group originating from a sole adult survivor of the massacre; archival, historical and scientific research...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920895/matched-filtering-for-heart-rate-estimation-on-compressive-sensing-ecg-measurements
#15
Giulia Da Poian, Christopher J Rozell, Riccardo Bernardini, Roberto Rinaldo, Gari D Clifford
OBJECTIVE: Compressive Sensing (CS) has recently been applied as a low complexity compression framework for long-term monitoring of electrocardiogram signals using Wireless Body Sensor Networks. Long-term recording of ECG signals can be useful for diagnostic purposes and to monitor the evolution of several widespread diseases. In particular, beat to beat intervals provide important clinical information, and these can be derived from the ECG signal by computing the distance between QRS complexes (R-peaks)...
September 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900525/a-case-of-legionella-pneumophila-evaluated-with-ct-and-ultrasound
#16
Alessio D'Angelo, Chiara De Simone, Marco Pagnottella, Stefano Rossi, Raffaele Pepe, Giacomo Ruggieri, Giulio Cocco, Cosima Schiavone
A 36-year-old man was admitted to the emergency department of "SS Annunziata" hospital in Chieti complaining of a sharp chest pain arisen some hours before admission. On examination, the patient looked sweaty; his vital signs showed tachycardia and augmented breath rate; sinus tachycardia and normal ventricular repolarization were observed on ECG, and no abnormalities were observed in the echoscan of the hearth. According to the clinical and electrocardiographic findings, and to previous episode of DVT in anamnesis, a thorax CT scan was performed in order to rule out pulmonary embolism...
September 2017: Journal of Ultrasound
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700024/accuracy-of-nursing-diagnosis-readiness-for-enhanced-hope-in-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#17
Renan Alves Silva, Geórgia Alcântara Alencar Melo, Joselany Áfio Caetano, Marcos Venícios Oliveira Lopes, Howard Karl Butcher, Viviane Martins da Silva
Objective: To analyse the accuracy of the nursing diagnosis readiness for enhanced hope in patients with chronic kidney disease. Method: This is a cross-sectional study with 62 patients in the haemodialysis clinic conducted from August to November 2015. The Hearth Hope Scale was used to create definitions of the defining characteristics of the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association International. We analysed the measures of sensitivity, specificity, predictive value, likelihood ratio, and odds ratio of the defining characteristics of the diagnosis...
July 6, 2017: Revista Gaúcha de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620190/formation-of-biphasic-hydroxylapatite-beta-magnesium-tricalcium-phosphate-in-heat-treated-salmonid-vertebrae
#18
Don H Butler, Ruth Shahack-Gross
Ichthyoarchaeological evidence is uncommon at ancient hunter-gatherer sites from various regions and timeframes. This research contributes to the development of microarchaeological techniques useful for identifying fishing economies in situations where classifiable bones are unavailable. Specifically, traces of heat altered bone mineral in domestic hearths are expected to provide markers for discarded fish remains. We used a series of laboratory incineration experiments to characterize the mineralogy of burned salmonid vertebrae...
June 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540279/thyroid-dysfunction-in-the-elderly-with-hearth-failure
#19
Gordana Mihajlovic, Miljanka Vuksanovic, Nebojsa Despotovic, Maja Nikolic-Despotovic, Predrag Erceg, Dragoslav P Milosevic, Tomislav Jovanovic
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421311/long-term-soil-alteration-in-historical-charcoal-hearths-affects-tuber-melanosporum-mycorrhizal-development-and-environmental-conditions-for-fruiting
#20
Sergi Garcia-Barreda, Sara Molina-Grau, Ricardo Forcadell, Sergio Sánchez, Santiago Reyna
Abandoned charcoal hearths constitute a very particular habitat for spontaneous fruiting of Tuber melanosporum, leading some harvesters to hypothesise that the fungus could benefit from the alterations that these soils underwent. However, ecological mechanisms involved in this relation are not fully elucidated yet. As a first step to understand it, the influence of long-term soil alteration on the symbiotic stage of T. melanosporum and on selected soil properties considered key to fruiting was assessed by conducting a greenhouse bioassay and a field observational study...
August 2017: Mycorrhiza
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