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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782575/refining-the-maritime-foundations-of-andean-civilization-how-plant-fiber-technology-drove-social-complexity-during-the-preceramic-period
#1
David Beresford-Jones, Alexander Pullen, George Chauca, Lauren Cadwallader, Maria García, Isabel Salvatierra, Oliver Whaley, Víctor Vásquez, Susana Arce, Kevin Lane, Charles French
Moseley's (1975) Maritime Foundations of Andean Civilization hypothesis challenges, in one of humanity's few pristine hearths of civilization, the axiom that agriculture is necessary for the rise of complex societies. We revisit that hypothesis by setting new findings from La Yerba II (7571-6674 Cal bp) and III (6485-5893 Cal bp), Río Ica estuary, alongside the wider archaeological record for the end of the Middle Preceramic Period on the Peruvian coast. The La Yerba record evinces increasing population, sedentism, and "Broad Spectrum Revolution" features, including early horticulture of Phaseolus and Canavalia beans...
2018: Journal of archaeological method and theory
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768454/fireproxies-a-computational-model-providing-insight-into-heat-affected-archaeological-lithic-assemblages
#2
Andrew C Sorensen, Fulco Scherjon
Evidence for fire use becomes increasingly sparse the further back in time one looks. This is especially true for Palaeolithic assemblages. Primary evidence of fire use in the form of hearth features tends to give way to clusters or sparse scatters of more durable heated stone fragments. In the absence of intact fireplaces, these thermally altered lithic remains have been used as a proxy for discerning relative degrees of fire use between archaeological layers and deposits. While previous experimental studies have demonstrated the physical effects of heat on stony artefacts, the mechanisms influencing the proportion of fire proxy evidence within archaeological layers remain understudied...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746871/discrete-typing-units-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-detected-by-real-time-pcr-in-chilean-patients-with-chronic-chagas-cardiomyopathy
#3
Catalina Muñoz-San Martín, Inés Zulantay, Miguel Saavedra, Cristián Fuentealba, Gabriela Muñoz, Werner Apt
Chagas disease is a major public health problem in Latin America and has spread to other countries due to immigration of infected persons. 10-30% of patients with chronic Chagas disease will develop cardiomyopathy. Chagas cardiomyopathy is the worst form of the disease, due to its high morbidity and mortality. Because of its prognostic value and adequate medical monitoring, it is very important to identify infected people who could develop Chagas cardiomyopathy. The aim of this study was to determine if discrete typing units (DTUs) of Trypanosoma cruzi are related to the presence of heart disease in patients with chronic Chagas disease...
May 7, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701403/hostile-thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-treated-by-fenestrated-thoracic-stentgraft-with-proximal-sealing-in-ishimaru-zone-0
#4
Joel Sousa, João Neves, Vicente Riambau, José Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Thoracic endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (TEVAR) is an established treatment for thoracic aortic disease in both the acute and elective setting, with such a widespread use that almost 50% of all thoracic aortic surgery in Europe is performed by these means. Nonetheless, the feasibility of TEVAR is determined by several anatomic factors, and the suitability of the proximal and distal landing zones remain one of the main limitations to its use. The advent of custom-made thoracic stent grafts widened the endovascular options in some challenging anatomies...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694409/punk-s-not-dead-fungi-for-tinder-at-the-neolithic-site-of-la-draga-ne-iberia
#5
Marian Berihuete-Azorín, Josep Girbal, Raquel Piqué, Antoni Palomo, Xavier Terradas
This paper presents the study of the fungi remains preserved in the waterlogged deposits of the Neolithic site of La Draga. These resources had the potential of being used as food and medicine, but also as tinder. Fire was without a doubt one of the most important resources for past people. It was used for lighting, heating, processing food and other materials, cooking and protection, and also possessed social and ritual significance. Hearths are one of the most common features at archaeological sites, but very often little attention is paid to the question of how these fires were lit, and they are seldom reflected in the archaeological record...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650204/pacifier-and-swaddling-effective-in-impeding-premature-infant-s-pain-score-and-heart-rate
#6
Defi Efendi, Yeni Rustina, Dewi Gayatri
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effectiveness of pacifier and swaddling on premature infant's pain score, hearthrate, and oxygen saturation during an invasive procedure. METHOD: This randomized control trial involv 30 premature infants who were randomly assigned into control (n=15) and intervention (n=15) groups using parallel design. Infants in the intervention group received pacifier and swaddling when they were undergoing invasive procedures. The outcome indicators of the two-day intervention were pain score, hearth rate, and oxygen saturation...
February 2018: Enfermería Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613813/post-mortem-survival-of-gallibacterium-anatis-in-a-laying-hen-experimental-infection-model
#7
Chong Wang, Susanne Elisabeth Pors, Anders Miki Bojesen
To assess the survival of G. anatis in dead laying hens, 21-week old laying hens were injected intraperitoneally with 0.5 ml brain hearth infusion broth containing 108 CFU of G. anatis 12656-12 liver (n=16), E. coli ST141(n=16), or a mix of G. anatis 12656-12 liver (n=16) and E. coli ST141 (n=16), respectively. Birds were euthanized 24 hours post injection and eight dead birds were kept at 4°C and room temperature, respectively. Swab samples were taken at different time points post euthanization and streaked on blood agar plates...
April 3, 2018: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29559132/dirofilaria-immitis-and-angiostrongylus-vasorum-the-current-situation-of-two-major-canine-heartworms-in-portugal
#8
Ana Margarida Alho, José Meireles, Manuela Schnyder, Luís Cardoso, Silvana Belo, Peter Deplazes, Luís Madeira de Carvalho
Cardiopulmonary nematodes are life-threatening pet parasites increasingly reported throughout Europe, with overlapping endemic areas. Dirofilaria immitis is a mosquito-borne whilst Angiostrongylus vasorum is a snail-borne pathogen. Both adult nematodes reside in the pulmonary arteries and right cardiac ventricle of domestic and wild canids, causing a wide spectrum of clinical presentations ranging from cough, dyspnoea and exercise intolerance to severe vascular and pulmonary disease with hearth failure that may lead to death...
March 15, 2018: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482526/development-of-the-japanese-version-of-an-information-aid-to-provide-accurate-information-on-prognosis-to-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-receiving-chemotherapy-a-pilot-study
#9
Kikuo Nakano, Yoshihiro Kitahara, Mineyo Mito, Misato Seno, Shoji Sunada
BACKGROUND: Without explicit prognostic information, patients may overestimate their life expectancy and make poor choices at the end of life. We sought to design the Japanese version of an information aid (IA) to provide accurate information on prognosis to patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and to assess the effects of the IA on hope, psychosocial status, and perception of curability. METHODS: We developed the Japanese version of an IA, which provided information on survival and cure rates as well as numerical survival estimates for patients with metastatic NSCLC receiving first-line chemotherapy...
February 27, 2018: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477433/automatic-energy-expenditure-measurement-for-health-science
#10
Cagatay Catal, Akhan Akbulut
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: It is crucial to predict the human energy expenditure in any sports activity and health science application accurately to investigate the impact of the activity. However, measurement of the real energy expenditure is not a trivial task and involves complex steps. The objective of this work is to improve the performance of existing estimation models of energy expenditure by using machine learning algorithms and several data from different sensors and provide this estimation service in a cloud-based platform...
April 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448083/sympathetic-arousal-but-not-disturbed-executive-functioning-mediates-the-impairment-of-cognitive-flexibility-under-stress
#11
Martin Marko, Igor Riečanský
Cognitive flexibility emerges from an interplay of multiple cognitive systems, of which lexical-semantic and executive are thought to be the most important. Yet this has not been addressed by previous studies demonstrating that such forms of flexible thought deteriorate under stress. Motivated by these shortcomings, the present study evaluated several candidate mechanisms implied to mediate the impairing effects of stress on flexible thinking. Fifty-seven healthy adults were randomly assigned to psychosocial stress or control condition while assessed for performance on cognitive flexibility, working memory capacity, semantic fluency, and self-reported cognitive interference...
May 2018: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414640/malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde-antibody-concentrations-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-other-rheumatic-conditions
#12
Ted R Mikuls, Michael J Duryee, Bryant R England, Daniel R Anderson, Michelene Hearth-Holmes, Kaihong Su, Kaleb Michaud, Jeffrey B Payne, Harlan Sayles, Carlos Hunter, Jacob D McGowan, Lynell W Klassen, Geoffrey M Thiele
OBJECTIVE: To compare anti-malondialdehyde-acetaldehyde (MAA) antibody concentrations between rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and healthy and rheumatic disease controls. METHODS: Anti-MAA antibody (IgA, IgM, IgG) was measured using ELISA and banked serum from patients with RA (n = 284), osteoarthritis (OA, n = 330), spondyloarthropathy (SpA, n = 50), and systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, n = 88) as well as healthy controls (n = 82). Anti-MAA antibody concentrations and the frequency of positivity were compared across groups...
March 2018: International Immunopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339300/robotic-surgery-in-elderly-and-very-elderly-gynecologic-cancer-patients
#13
Valerio Gallotta, Carmine Conte, Marco D'Indinosante, Alex Federico, Antonella Biscione, Giuseppe Vizzielli, Carolina Bottoni, Maria Vittoria Carbone, Francesco Legge, Stefano Uccella, Pierpaolo Ciocchetti, Andrea Russo, Lorenzo Polidori, Giovanni Scambia, Gabriella Ferrandina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility, safety, and short-term outcomes of robotic surgery (RS) for gynecologic oncologic indications (cervical, endometrial, and ovarian cancer) in elderly patients, especially women age 65 to 74 years (elderly group [EG]) compared with women age ≥75 years (very elderly group [VEG]). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338801/how-immediate-and-significant-is-the-outcome-of-training-on-diversified-diets-hygiene-and-food-safety-an-effort-to-mitigate-child-undernutrition-in-rural-malawi
#14
Anitha Seetha, Takuji W Tsusaka, Timalizge W Munthali, Maggie Musukwa, Agnes Mwangwela, Zione Kalumikiza, Tinna Manani, Lizzie Kachulu, Nelson Kumwenda, Mike Musoke, Patrick Okori
OBJECTIVE: The present study examined the impacts of training on nutrition, hygiene and food safety designed by the Nutrition Working Group, Child Survival Collaborations and Resources Group (CORE). DESIGN: Adapted from the 21d Positive Deviance/Hearth model, mothers were trained on the subjects of appropriate complementary feeding, water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) practices, and aflatoxin contamination in food. To assess the impacts on child undernutrition, a randomised controlled trial was implemented on a sample of 179 mothers and their children (<2 years old) in two districts of Malawi, namely Mzimba and Balaka...
April 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236912/cardiorespiratory-performance-of-coronary-artery-disease-patients-on-land-versus-underwater-treadmill-tests-a-comparative-study
#15
Mauricio Koprowski Garcia, Limanara Rizzo, Paulo Yazbek-Júnior, Daniela Yutiyama, Fabiola Jomar da Silva, Denise Matheus, Luiz Eduardo Mastrocolla, Eduardo Massad
OBJECTIVE: To compare responses to a cardiopulmonary exercise test on land versus on an underwater treadmill, to assess the cardiorespiratory performance of coronary artery disease patients while immersed in warm water and to compare with the performance of healthy individuals. METHODS: The sample population consisted of 40 subjects, which included 20 coronary artery disease patients aged 63.7±8.89 years old, functional class I and II, according to the New York Hearth Association, and 20 healthy subjects aged 64...
November 2017: Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145432/evaluating-the-intensity-of-fire-at-the-acheulian-site-of-gesher-benot-ya-aqov-spatial-and-thermoluminescence-analyses
#16
Nira Alperson-Afil, Daniel Richter, Naama Goren-Inbar
This manuscript presents an attempt to evaluate the intensity of fire through spatial patterning and thermoluminescence methodology. Previous studies of Layer II-6 Level 2 at the Acheulian site of Gesher Benot Ya'aqov suggested that hominins differentiated their activities across space, including multiple activities around a hearth reconstructed on the basis of the distribution of burned flint artifacts. A transect of ~4 m was extended from the center of the reconstructed hearth of Level 2 to its periphery in order to examine the intensity of fire...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081384/secondary-laparoscopic-cytoreduction-in-recurrent-ovarian-cancer-a-large-single-institution-experience
#17
Valerio Gallotta, Carmine Conte, Maria Teresa Giudice, Camilla Nero, Giuseppe Vizzielli, Salvatore Gueli Alletti, Stefano Cianci, Claudio Lodoli, Andrea Di Giorgio, Agostino Maria De Rose, Anna Fagotti, Giovanni Scambia, Gabriella Ferrandina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To analyze the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic secondary cytoreductive surgery in a retrospective series of patients with platinum-sensitive recurrent ovarian cancer. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study (Canadian Task Force classification II-2). SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Rome, Italy. PATIENTS: Between October 2010 and October 2016, 58 patients with recurrent ovarian cancer were selected for a retrospective analysis of data...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947678/randomised-clinical-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-different-timing-and-number-of-fixed-timed-artificial-inseminations-following-a-seven-day-progesterone-based-protocol-on-pregnancy-outcomes-in-uk-dairy-heifers
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
John Paul Walsh, Amy Coates, Fabio Lima, Rob Smith, Georgios Oikonomou
The objective of this study was to determine the effect on pregnancy outcome of either inseminating heifers twice (at 48 and 72 hours after withdrawal of a controlled internal drug release insert (CIDR) containing progesterone) or once (56 hours after CIDR withdrawal) following a seven-day CIDR synchronisation protocol. Dairy heifers (n=267) from five farms, with an age range of 388-736 days, were randomly assigned to one of two treatment groups (group A heifers were inseminated twice; group B heifers were inseminated once)...
December 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934684/scientific-evidence-for-the-identification-of-an-aboriginal-massacre-at-the-sturt-creek-sites-on-the-kimberley-frontier-of-north-western-australia
#19
Pamela A Smith, Mark D Raven, Keryn Walshe, Robert W Fitzpatrick, F Donald Pate
Archival research into episodes of frontier violence in the Kimberley region of Western Australia indicate that the bodies of Aboriginal victims of massacres were frequently incinerated following the event. This paper presents the results of a scientific investigation of a reported massacre at Sturt Creek where burnt bone fragments were identified in two adjacent sites and documents the archaeological signatures associated with the sites. The methodology used to undertake the project brought together three systems of knowledge: the oral testimonies of the descent group originating from a sole adult survivor of the massacre; archival, historical and scientific research...
October 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920895/matched-filtering-for-heart-rate-estimation-on-compressive-sensing-ecg-measurements
#20
Giulia Da Poian, Christopher J Rozell, Riccardo Bernardini, Roberto Rinaldo, Gari D Clifford
OBJECTIVE: Compressive Sensing (CS) has recently been applied as a low complexity compression framework for long-term monitoring of electrocardiogram signals using Wireless Body Sensor Networks. Long-term recording of ECG signals can be useful for diagnostic purposes and to monitor the evolution of several widespread diseases. In particular, beat to beat intervals provide important clinical information, and these can be derived from the ECG signal by computing the distance between QRS complexes (R-peaks)...
September 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Bio-medical Engineering
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