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Meimanat Hosseini, Parvaneh Vasli, Sakineh Rashidi, Soodeh Shahsavari
INTRODUCTION: Inner strength is a factor for mental health and well-being and, consequently, a dynamic component of holistic healing. Health-promoting behaviors are appropriate activities to improve health status and prevent the progression of the functional defect resulting from heart failure. The present study aimed to determine the correlation between inner strength and health-promoting behaviors in women with heart failure referred to hospitals affiliated with Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (SBMU) in 2013...
August 2016: Electronic Physician
V Gallotta, V Chiantera, C Conte, G Vizzielli, A Fagotti, C Nero, B Costantini, A Lucidi, C Cicero, G Scambia, G Ferrandina
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of total robotic radical surgery (TRRS) in patients with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC) who receive chemoradiation therapy (CT/RT). DESIGN: Prospective (pre-planned) study: Non-randomized controlled trial (Canadian Task Force classification level 2). SETTING: Catholic University of the Sacred Hearth, Rome, Italy. PATIENTS: Between September 2013 and January 2016, a total of 40 patients with LACC (FIGO stage IB2-III) were enrolled into the study...
September 22, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Liséte Celina Lange, Alison Frederico Medeiros Ferreira
This study assessed the effects of adding plastics and waste vegetable oil on the quality of coke in the coking process, on a pilot scale. A typical composition of the main plastics found in municipal solid waste was prepared using 33% HDPE, 5% LDPE, 10% PP, 21% PET, 24.8% PS, 5.2% PVC, 1% cellulose and also a 0.5% waste vegetable oil was added. The wastes were added to the coal blends in the proportions of 1%, 2% and 3% for plastics and 0.5% for vegetable oil. Two types of experiments were performed. The first was carried out in a hearth heating furnace (HHF) at temperatures of up to 900°C for a 7 h period...
September 19, 2016: Waste Management
Hasan Emre Aydin, Nuriye Ezgi Bektur, Zuhtu Ozbek, Setenay Oner, Cengiz Baycu, Fatma Sultan Kiliç
AIM: Cerebral vasospasm following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is the most important complication which effects mortality and morbidity of patients with intracranial aneurysm although effective treatment. Today, the mechanisms of vasospasm is not understood in spite of experimetal and clinical researches. The aim of our study to investigate the effect of curcumin which used in medical treatment of some illness and known antioxidant drug on vasospasm following SAH. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, 200-250 gr weight and 64 rats were divided into 7 groups...
May 25, 2016: Turkish Neurosurgery
Alexandre Lucquin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 20, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
H M C Shantha Kumara, David Gaita, Hiromichi Miyagaki, Xiaohong Yan, Sonali Ac Hearth, Linda Njoh, Vesna Cekic, Richard L Whelan
AIM: To assess blood chitinase 3-like 1 (CHi3L1) levels for 2 mo after minimally invasive colorectal resection (MICR) for colorectal cancer (CRC). METHODS: CRC patients in an Institutional Review Board approved data/plasma bank who underwent elective MICR for whom preoperative (PreOp), early postoperative (PostOp), and 1 or more late PostOp samples [postoperative day (POD) 7-27] available were included. Plasma CHi3L1 levels (ng/mL) were determined in duplicate by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay...
August 15, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
Kyungcheol Choy, Ben A Potter, Holly J McKinney, Joshua D Reuther, Shiway W Wang, Matthew J Wooller
Current approaches to reconstruct subsistence and dietary trends in ancient hunter-gatherer societies include stable isotope analyses, but these have focused on human remains, cooking pottery, and food residues, which are relatively rare in the archaeological record. In contrast, short-term hearths are more ubiquitous worldwide, and these features can provide valuable evidence for ancient subsistence practices, particularly when faunal remains are not preserved. To test the suitability of hearths for this purpose, we conducted multiple chemical analyses: stable carbon and nitrogen isotope analyses of total organic matter (expressed as δ(13)C and δ(15)N values) and compound-specific carbon isotope analyses of individual fatty acids (δ(13)C16:0 and δ(13)C18:0) from 17 well-preserved hearths present in three occupations dating between ∼13,200-11,500 calibrated years B...
August 30, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Yunhee Kang, Sungtae Kim, Sisay Sinamo, Parul Christian
Few trials have shown that promoting complementary feeding among young children is effective in improving child linear growth in resource-challenged settings. We designed a community-based participatory nutrition promotion (CPNP) programme adapting a Positive Deviance/Hearth approach that engaged mothers in 2-week nutrition sessions using the principles of 'learning by doing' around child feeding. We aimed to test the effectiveness of the CPNP for improving child growth in rural Ethiopia. A cluster randomized trial was implemented by adding the CPNP to the existing government nutrition programmes (six clusters) vs...
August 22, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
Andrew D Wilson, Qin Zhu, Lawrence Barham, Ian Stanistreet, Geoffrey P Bingham
Spheroids are ball-shaped stone objects found in African archaeological sites dating from 1.8 million years ago (Early Stone Age) to at least 70,000 years ago (Middle Stone Age). Spheroids are either fabricated or naturally shaped stones selected and transported to places of use making them one of the longest-used technologies on record. Most hypotheses about their use suggest they were percussive tools for shaping or grinding other materials. However, their size and spherical shape make them potentially useful as projectile weapons, a property that, uniquely, humans have been specialised to exploit for millions of years...
2016: Scientific Reports
Thomas Brandt, Matthias Bauer, Judy Benson, Doreen Huppert
OBJECTIVE: To find and analyze descriptions of motion sickness in Chinese historical sources. METHODS: Databases and dictionaries were searched for various terms for seasickness and travel sickness, which were then entered into databases of full texts allowing selection of relevant passages from about the third to the 19th century ad. RESULTS: Already in 300 ad the Chinese differentiated cart-sickness, particularly experienced by persons from the arid north of China, from a ship-illness experienced by persons from the south, where rivers were important for transportation and travel...
July 19, 2016: Neurology
L E Gorelova, A E Loktev
Sanitation measures of the final period of World War II included the sanitary surveillance of water and power forces, observation of their placement and content of the territory occupied by them, monitor the implementation of military rules of personal hygiene and health education. The content of anti-epidemic measures was control of vectors of infectious and parasitic diseases, the protection of troops against the penetration of these diseases from the outside, the sanitary-epidemiological investigation and vaccination of staff, early detection and isolation of infectious patients, their timely hospitalization, disinfection of the source of infection, identify the sources of infection and epidemiological surveillance behind the hearth...
April 2016: Voenno-medit︠s︡inskiĭ Zhurnal
J A J Gowlett
Numbers of animal species react to the natural phenomenon of fire, but only humans have learnt to control it and to make it at will. Natural fires caused overwhelmingly by lightning are highly evident on many landscapes. Birds such as hawks, and some other predators, are alert to opportunities to catch animals including invertebrates disturbed by such fires and similar benefits are likely to underlie the first human involvements with fires. Early hominins would undoubtedly have been aware of such fires, as are savanna chimpanzees in the present...
June 5, 2016: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
Shaoxiang Xian, Zhongqi Yang, Jun Lee, Zhiping Jiang, Xiaohan Ye, Luyi Luo, Lili Jin, Tianlun Yang, Suilin Ye, Dongfeng Lu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Shenmai injection (SMI) is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine extracted from Panax ginseng (Panax ginseng C.A. Mey, steamed and dry) and Ophiopogon japonicus (Ophiopogon japonicus (L.f.) Ker-Gawl, root). It has been widely used for the treatment of chronic heart failure (CHF) in China. However, the evidence supporting its effects remains unclear due to lack of high quality trials. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of SMI in CHF patients with coronary artery disease (CAD)...
June 20, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Ivan Kopljar, David J Gallacher, An De Bondt, Laure Cougnaud, Eddy Vlaminckx, Ilse Van den Wyngaert, Hua Rong Lu
UNLABELLED: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitors possess therapeutic potential to reverse aberrant epigenetic changes associated with cancers, neurological diseases, and immune disorders. Unfortunately, clinical studies with some HDAC inhibitors displayed delayed cardiac adverse effects, such as atrial fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia. However, the underlying molecular mechanism(s) of HDAC inhibitor-mediated cardiotoxicity remains poorly understood and is difficult to detect in the early stages of preclinical drug development because of a delayed onset of effects...
May 2016: Stem Cells Translational Medicine
Antonino Leo, Antonino Naro, Antonio Cannavò, Laura Rosa Pisani, Rocco Bruno, Carlo Salviera, Placido Bramanti, Rocco Salvatore Calabrò
Although patients with chronic disorders of consciousness (DOC), including unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (UWS) and minimally conscious state (MCS), show a limited repertoire of awareness signs, owing to a large-scale cortico-thalamo-cortical functional disconnectivity, an activation of some cortical areas in response to relevant stimuli has been described by means of electrophysiological and functional neuroimaging approaches. In addition, cognitive processes associated with autonomic nervous system (ANS) responses elicited by nociceptive stimuli have been identified in some DOC patients...
August 2016: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
Mariano Ucchesu, Martino Orrù, Oscar Grillo, Gianfranco Venora, Giacomo Paglietti, Andrea Ardu, Gianluigi Bacchetta
The identification of archaeological charred grape seeds is a difficult task due to the alteration of the morphological seeds shape. In archaeobotanical studies, for the correct discrimination between Vitis vinifera subsp. sylvestris and Vitis vinifera subsp. vinifera grape seeds it is very important to understand the history and origin of the domesticated grapevine. In this work, different carbonisation experiments were carried out using a hearth to reproduce the same burning conditions that occurred in archaeological contexts...
2016: PloS One
Miguel Paez-Espejo, Mouhamadou Sy, Kamel Boukheddaden
Two-step and multistep spin transitions are frequently observed in switchable cooperative molecular solids. They present the advantage to open the way for three- or several-bit electronics. Despite extensive experimental studies, their theoretical description was to date only phenomenological, based on Ising models including competing ferro- and antiferro-magnetic interactions, even though it is recognized that the elastic interactions are at the heart of the spin transition phenomenon, due to the volume change between the low- and high-temperature phases...
March 9, 2016: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Sreelekha Nair
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
Amir Kreso, Fahir Barakovic, Senad Medjedovic, Amila Halilbasic, Muhamed Klepic
INTRODUCTION: Among long term athletes there is always present hypertrophy of the left ventricle walls as well as increased cardiac mass. These changes are the result of the heart muscle adaptation to load during the years of training, which should not be considered as pathology. In people suffering from hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), there is also present hypertrophy of the left ventricle walls and increased mass of the heart, but these changes are the result of pathological changes in the heart caused by a genetic predisposition for the development HCM of...
October 2015: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
T A Kapustina, A N Markina, O V Parilova, E V Belova, T I Kin
Medical and social state of health in family persons was assessed on the basis of a questionnaire. Developed by the author's questionnaire included two sections, reflecting the state of health, health risk factors and social characteristics of the family members of ENT patients. In the article there is presented an analysis of the medical and social state of 44 families of patients with diseases of the upper respiratory tract associated with chlamydial infection. The comparison was performed with 43 families of ENT patients with unconfirmed respiratory chlamydia...
September 2015: Gigiena i Sanitariia
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