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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334854/the-burden-of-hpv-related-diseases-in-italy-2001-12
#1
P Kuhdari, S Previato, M Giordani, P Biavati, S Ferretti, G Gabutti
Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection is the main cause of cervical cancer and plays a relevant role in the development of genital warts and of the cancer of penis and anus, head/neck, oropharynx and genitourinary system. The aim of this study is the evaluation of hospitalizations due to HPV-related pathologies in 2001-12 in Italy. Methods: The national hospital discharge forms were provided by the Ministry of Health. The HPV-related hospitalizations were identified using specific diagnostic codes, accordingly to the ICD-9-CM coding system...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334584/delayed-workup-of-rectal-bleeding-in-adult-primary-care-examining-process-of-care-failures
#2
Saul N Weingart, Elena M Stoffel, Daniel C Chung, Thomas D Sequist, Ruth I Lederman, Stephen R Pelletier, Helen M Shields
BACKGROUND: Although delayed colorectal cancer diagnoses figure prominently in medical malpractice claims, little is known about the quality of primary care clinicians' workup of rectal bleeding. METHODS: In this study, 438 patients were identified using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) codes for rectal bleeding, hemorrhoids, and blood in the stool at 10 Boston adult primary care practices. Following nurse chart abstraction, physician reviewers assessed the overall quality of care and key care processes...
January 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334382/concussion-like-symptom-reporting-in-non-concussed-collegiate-athletes
#3
Breton M Asken, Aliyah R Snyder, James R Clugston, Leslie S Gaynor, Molly J Sullan, Russell M Bauer
Objective: Non-concussed individuals may report a variety of concussion-like symptoms even in the absence of a diagnosed brain injury. Previous studies described concussion-like symptom reporting in adolescent athletes. This study provides complementary data on concussion-like symptoms in collegiate athletes. Methods: We analyzed baseline symptom scales from 738 collegiate athletes (452 men and 286 women) who completed either the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, 3 Symptom Evaluation (S3SE; n = 377) or the Post-Concussion Scale (PCS; n = 361) and determined if subjects met criteria for diagnosis of International Classification of Diseases 10th Revision (ICD-10) postconcussional syndrome...
March 10, 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334030/measuring-mortality-due-to-hiv-associated-tuberculosis-among-adults-in-south-africa-comparing-verbal-autopsy-minimally-invasive-autopsy-and-research-data
#4
Aaron S Karat, Mpho Tlali, Katherine L Fielding, Salome Charalambous, Violet N Chihota, Gavin J Churchyard, Yasmeen Hanifa, Suzanne Johnson, Kerrigan McCarthy, Neil A Martinson, Tanvier Omar, Kathleen Kahn, Daniel Chandramohan, Alison D Grant
BACKGROUND: The World Health Organization (WHO) aims to reduce tuberculosis (TB) deaths by 95% by 2035; tracking progress requires accurate measurement of TB mortality. International Classification of Diseases (ICD) codes do not differentiate between HIV-associated TB and HIV more generally. Verbal autopsy (VA) is used to estimate cause of death (CoD) patterns but has mostly been validated against a suboptimal gold standard for HIV and TB. This study, conducted among HIV-positive adults, aimed to estimate the accuracy of VA in ascertaining TB and HIV CoD when compared to a reference standard derived from a variety of clinical sources including, in some, minimally-invasive autopsy (MIA)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332355/long-term-prognosis-of-patients-with-an-implantable-cardioverter-defibrillator-in-korea
#5
Jae Sun Uhm, Tae Hoon Kim, In Cheol Kim, Young Ah Park, Dong Geum Shin, Yeong Min Lim, Hee Tae Yu, Pil Sung Yang, Hui Nam Pak, Seok Min Kang, Moon Hyoung Lee, Boyoung Joung
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to elucidate the long-term prognosis of patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) in Korea. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We enrolled 405 patients (age, 57.7±16.7 years; 311 men) who had undergone ICD implantation. The patients were divided into three groups: heart failure (HF) and ICD for primary (group 1, n=118) and secondary prevention (group 2, n=93) and non-HF (group 3, n=194). We compared appropriate and inappropriate ICD therapy delivery among the groups and between high- (heart rate ≥200 /min) and low-rate (<200 /min) ICD therapy zones...
May 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332331/computed-tomography-for-head-injuries-in-children-change-in-australian-usage-rates-over-time
#6
Ed Oakley, Rachel May, Tobias Hoeppner, Kam Sinn, Jeremy Furyk, Simon Craig, Pamela Rosengarten, Amit Kochar, David Krieser, Sarah Dalton, Stuart Dalziel, Jocelyn Neutze, Tim Cain, Kim Jachno, Franz E Babl
OBJECTIVE: Paediatric head injury is a common presentation to the ED. North American studies demonstrate increasing use of computed tomography (CT) brain scan (CTB) to investigate head injury. No such data exists for Australian EDs. The aim of this study was to describe CTB use in head injury over time in eight Australian EDs. METHODS: Retrospective ED electronic database and medical imaging database audit was undertaken for the years 2001-2010 by International Classification of Diseases (ICD) 9 or 10 code for head injury in children <16 years...
April 2017: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332105/emergency-department-burden-of-diverticulitis-in-the-usa-2006-2013
#7
Andrea Bollom, Jasmine Austrie, William Hirsch, Judy Nee, Daniel Friedlander, Kelli Ellingson, Vivian Cheng, Anthony Lembo
GOALS: The aim of this study was to analyze recent trends in emergency department (ED) visits for diverticulitis between 2006 and 2013. BACKGROUND: Acute diverticulitis is a serious medical condition that frequently leads to ED visits, hospitalizations, and surgeries resulting in a significant health care burden. METHODS: Data were obtained from the National Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) records in which diverticulitis (ICD-9-CM codes 562...
March 22, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330420/arthroplasty-treatment-of-proximal-humerus-fractures-14-year-trends-in-the-united-states
#8
William W Schairer, Benedict U Nwachukwu, Stephen Lyman, Lawrence V Gulotta
OBJECTIVES: Proximal humerus fractures are a common injury in the elderly population that can usually be managed non-operatively. However, arthroplasty has become increasingly utilized for complex fractures and poor bone quality. We evaluated national trends in treatment, specifically looking at the adoption of reverse total shoulder arthroplasty. METHODS: The incidence of proximal humerus fractures was calculated from the Nationwide Emergency Department Database (NEDD) from 2006-2012...
March 22, 2017: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330419/how-does-sex-affect-the-care-dependency-risk-one-year-after-stroke-a-study-based-on-claims-data-from-a-german-health-insurance-fund
#9
Susanne Schnitzer, Johannes Deutschbein, Christian H Nolte, Martin Kohler, Adelheid Kuhlmey, Liane Schenk
OBJECTIVES: The study explores the association between sex and care dependency risk one year after stroke. METHODS: The study uses claims data from a German statutory health insurance fund. Patients were included if they received a diagnosis of ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke between 1 January and 31 December 2007 and if they survived for one year after stroke and were not dependent on care before the event (n = 1851). Data were collected over a one-year period...
March 22, 2017: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329715/psychological-distress-and-prejudice-following-terror-attacks-in-france
#10
Robin Goodwin, Krzysztof Kaniasty, Shaojing Sun, Menachem Ben-Ezra
Terrorist attacks have the capacity to threaten our beliefs about the world, cause distress across populations and promote discrimination towards particular groups. We examined the impact of two different types of attacks in the same city and same year on psychological distress and probable posttraumatic stress symptoms, and the moderating effects of religion or media use on distress/posttraumatic symptoms and inter-group relations. Two panel surveys four weeks after the January 2015 Charlie Hebdo attack (N = 1981) and the November 2015 Bataclan concert hall/restaurant attacks (N = 1878), measured intrinsic religiosity, social and traditional media use, psychological distress (K6), probable posttraumatic stress symptoms (proposed ICD-11), symbolic racism and willingness to interact with Muslims by non-Muslims...
March 16, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329668/stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-in-us-adults
#11
Derek Y Hsu
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening disorders. The incidences, mortality and cost of SJS and TEN in US adults are not well-characterized. We analyzed data from the 2009-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, containing a representative 20% sample of all hospitalizations in the US. SJS, SJS/TEN and TEN were identified by a validated algorithm using ICD-9- CM codes. The mean incidences of SJS, SJS/TEN and TEN were 9.3, 1.6, and 1.9 per million people per year, respectively...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329667/serious-infections-are-on-the-rise-in-us-inpatients-with-psoriasis
#12
Derek Y Hsu
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder associated with immune dysregulation and use of systemic immunosuppressive treatments that may predispose toward serious infections. We sought to determine the rates of serious infections in hospitalized patients with psoriasis. We analyzed data from the 2002-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, containing a 20% sample of all US hospitalizations. Psoriasis was determined by a validated algorithm using ICD-9-CM codes. In multivariate logistic regression models adjusting for socio-demographics, psoriasis was associated with multiple serious infections, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (odds ratio [95% confidence intervals] 1...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329658/potential-relationship-between-rosacea-and-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Erin Ibler, Beatrice Nardone, Sara Majewski, Nicholas Guido, Thy Huynh, Sarah Lyon, Stephanie M Rangel, Bethanee Schlosser, Dennis P West, Anne E Laumann
Rosacea is a common inflammatory condition characterized by transient or persistent facial erythema, telangiectasias, papules and pustules, for which an association has been reported to exist with Parkinson's disease (PD). We used a large, urban, single center, electronic medical record repository by searching the Northwestern Medicine Enterprise Data Warehouse (NMEDW) (> 4 million patients) for this association. Patients were included if they had an in-person encounter (Jan 2001 to May 2016) and with 1 year documentation of follow-up...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329656/pediatric-stevens-johnson-syndrome-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-in-the-us
#14
Derek Y Hsu
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) are life-threatening blistering disorders. Few studies have addressed SJS/TEN in children. We sought to determine risk factors, comorbidities, inpatient burden and mortality in US children with SJS, SJS-TEN and TEN. We analyzed data from the 2009-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS), containing a representative 20% sample of all hospitalizations in the US. SJS, SJS-TEN and TEN were identified by a validated algorithm using ICD-9-CM codes...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329652/the-inpatient-burden-of-psoriasis-a-nationwide-analysis
#15
Derek Y Hsu
Psoriasis is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder associated with substantial morbidity and mortality. Little is known about psoriasis in the inpatient setting. We sought to determine the inpatient burden of psoriasis in the US. We analyzed the 2002-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, containing a representative 20% stratified sample of all hospitalizations in the US. Psoriasis was determined by a validated algorithm using ICD-9-CM codes. Demographics, inflation-adjusted cost, length of stay, comorbidities, and sex- adjusted mortality were analyzed using descriptive statistics and regression analysis...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329642/effect-of-antibiotic-exposure-on-stevens-johnson-syndrome-sjs-and-toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-ten
#16
Katherine J Sullivan, Robert J Valuck, Meghan N Jeffres, Heather D Anderson
BackgroundAntibiotics are commonly implicated in Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS), overlap syndrome (SJS-TEN), and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN), rare disorders of skin and mucosal membranes, often the result of adverse drug reactions. The objective of this study is to examine associations between SJS, SJS-TEN, and TEN and antibiotic exposure overlapping diagnosis, and 3, 6, and 12 months before diagnosis.MethodsA case-control study was conducted using PharMetrics LifeLink® Health Plan Claims Database (2001-2013)...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329633/comorbidities-of-hospitalized-pemphigus-patients-in-the-united-states
#17
Derek Y Hsu Y Hsu
We sought to determine the comorbid health conditions and inpatient mortality associated with pemphigus in a U.S. inpatient cohort. The 2002-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, which contains a representative 20% stratified sample of all inpatient hospitalizations in the US, was analyzed. Comorbidities were determined through ICD-9-CM codes. Survey weighted multivariate logistic regression models controlling for demographic factors were constructed to determine the association of pemphigus with various comorbidities...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329622/hypothyroidism-in-patients-with-psoriasis-or-rosacea-a-large-population-study
#18
Sara M James, Dane E Hill, Steven R Feldman
Hypothyroidism is a common disease, and there may be a link between hypothyroidism and inflammatory skin disease. The purpose of this study is to assess whether hypothyroidism is more prevalent in psoriasis or rosacea patients. We utilized a large claims-based database to analyze rates of hypothyroidism in patients with psoriasis and rosacea compared to other patients with skin diseases. Participants were patients between 20-64 years of age with ICD-9 diagnosis codes for psoriasis, rosacea, and hypothyroidism...
September 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329599/hypothyroidism-in-patients-with-psoriasis-or-rosacea-a-large-population-study
#19
Sara M James, Dane E Hill, Steven R Feldman
Hypothyroidism is a common disease, and there may be a link between hypothyroidism and inflammatory skin disease. The purpose of this study is to assess whether hypothyroidism is more prevalent in psoriasis or rosacea patients. We utilized a large claims-based database to analyze rates of hypothyroidism in patients with psoriasis and rosacea compared to other patients with skin diseases. Participants were patients between 20-64 years of age with ICD-9 diagnosis codes for psoriasis, rosacea, and hypothyroidism...
October 15, 2016: Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329280/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-for-primary-prevention-of-death-in-left-ventricular-dysfunction-with-and-without-ischaemic-heart-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-8567-patients-in-the-11-trials
#20
Matthew J Shun-Shin, Sean L Zheng, Graham D Cole, James P Howard, Zachary I Whinnett, Darrel P Francis
Aims: Primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs) are established therapy for reducing mortality in patients with left ventricular systolic dysfunction and ischaemic heart disease (IHD). However, their efficacy in patients without IHD has been controversial. We undertook a meta-analysis of the totality of the evidence. Methods and results: We systematically identified all RCTs comparing ICD vs. no ICD in primary prevention. Eligible RCTs were those that recruited patients with left ventricular dysfunction, reported all-cause mortality, and presented their results stratified by the presence of IHD (or recruited only those with or without)...
February 21, 2017: European Heart Journal
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