keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Idiopathic scoliosis

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632535/perioperative-surgical-home-evaluation-of-a-new-protocol-focused-on-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-manage-children-undergoing-posterior-spinal-fusion-operation
#1
Eugene Kim, Brian Lee, Giovanni Cucchiaro
BACKGROUND: The concept of Perioperative Surgical Home has been gaining significant attention in surgical centers. This model is delivering and improving coordinated care in a cost-effective manner to patients undergoing surgical procedures. It starts with the decision for surgical intervention, continues to the intraoperative and postoperative periods, and follows into long-term recovery. Constant re-evaluation of outcomes and modifications of delivery provides a feedback loop for improvement...
June 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628580/scoliosis-severity-does-not-impact-the-risk-of-scoliosis-in-family-members
#2
Samuel B Rudnick, Hannah Zabriskie, Justin Ho, Christina A Gurnett, Matthew B Dobbs
Does scoliosis severity increase scoliosis risk or severity in relatives? In a cohort of 1257 severe idiopathic scoliosis patients, the percentage with at least one affected relative was compared across the categories of patient sex, major curve severity (Cobb angle), and treatment method. In total, 138 (11%) of 1257 patients had at least one affected first-degree relative and 59 (5%) had at least one affected second-degree relative. As expected, males were more likely to have affected first-degree relatives than females (18 vs...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624897/corrosion-of-harrington-rod-in-idiopathic-scoliosis-long-term-effects
#3
Beth Sherman, Tanya Crowell
PURPOSE: Metal implants have been used to treat adolescent idiopathic scoliosis since the 1960s. Only recently, however, it has the issue of metal-bone breakdown secondary to metal corrosion in situ come to light, raising concerns of possible long-term complications from the resulting metallosis and inflammation of spinal tissues. We present a case of a patient with neurological deficit, pain, and disability with Harrington rod in place for over 30 years, to bring attention to the issue of bio-corrosion of metal implants and its effect on human tissue...
June 17, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624480/evaluation-of-thoracic-vertebrae-rotation-in-patients-with-pectus-excavatum
#4
Ryszard Tomaszewski, Łukasz Wiktor, Ludwina Machała
PURPOSE: The aim of our study was to evaluate thoracic vertebrae rotation in patients with pectus excavatum. Moreover, we wanted to assess the prevalence, the severity and relationship between pectus excavatum and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). METHODS: We performed retrospective analysis of 82 preoperative chest CT in children with pectus excavatum performed between January 2008 and December 2011. For each patient Haller Index and Cobb angle was measured...
June 14, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622900/the-risk-of-curve-progression-and-surgery-in-african-americans-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis
#5
Taylor Lara, Nelson Astur, Tamekia L Jones, Vinayak Perake, Alice Moisan, William C Warner, Jeffery R Sawyer, Derek M Kelly
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical cohort study. OBJECTIVE: To determine if certain risk factors (age, curve magnitude, skeletal maturity, gender, and curve pattern) traditionally associated with curve progression and surgical intervention in the general population apply equally to African Americans. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Currently, information is limited on the role that a patient's race plays in the risk of curve progression of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), and existing studies have conflicting results...
July 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622899/a-novel-method-for-estimating-three-dimensional-apical-vertebral-rotation-using-two-dimensional-coronal-cobb-angle-and-thoracic-kyphosis
#6
T Barrett Sullivan, Tracey Bastrom, Fredrick Reighard, Megan Jeffords, Peter O Newton
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis. OBJECTIVES: To use a large cohort of three-dimensional (3D) spinal reconstructions to create a simple mathematical formula capable of estimating 3D apical vertebral rotation (AVR) based on the correlation with routinely obtained two-dimensional (2D) measurements of scoliosis. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Quantification of vertebral rotation in AIS using 2-dimensional (2D) imaging is inherently challenging as the axial plane cannot be directly visualized...
July 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622896/biomechanical-modeling-of-spine-flexibility-and-its-relationship-to-spinal-range-of-motion-and-idiopathic-scoliosis
#7
Tishya A L Wren, Skorn Ponrartana, Ervin Poorghasamians, Sarah Moreau, Patricia C Aggabao, Tracy L Zaslow, Bianca R Edison, Vicente Gilsanz
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationships between spine morphology, spine flexibility, and idiopathic scoliosis. BACKGROUND: Girls have a higher incidence of clinically significant scoliosis than boys, along with smaller vertebrae and greater flexibility. Based on biomechanical modeling, we hypothesized that smaller vertebral width relative to intervertebral disc (IVD) height would be associated with both greater lateral flexibility of the spine and with idiopathic scoliosis...
July 2017: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616593/neck-and-back-problems-in-adults-with-idiopathic-scoliosis-diagnosed-in-youth-an-observational-study-of-prevalence-change-over-a-mean-four-year-time-period-and-comparison-with-a-control-group
#8
Christos Topalis, Anna Grauers, Elias Diarbakerli, Aina Danielsson, Paul Gerdhem
BACKGROUND: The knowledge is sparse concerning neck problems in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. This is an observational study including a control group which aims to describe the prevalence of neck problems and the association with back problems among adult individuals with and without idiopathic scoliosis. METHODS: One thousand sixty-nine adults with a mean age of 40 years, diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis in youth, answered a questionnaire on neck and back problems...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616592/french-validation-of-the-brace-questionnaire-brq
#9
Julie Deceuninck, Aurélie Tirat-Herbert, Nuria Rodriguez Martinez, Jean-Claude Bernard
BACKGROUND: Quality of Life (QoL) scales have to be introduced in the treatment evaluation of our patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Vasiliadis et. al. created the Brace Questionnaire (BrQ), which is specific for brace-treated adolescents. This tool was developed and validated in Greek. The aim of our study was to undertake the process of cultural adaptation of the Brace Questionnaire (BrQ) into French. METHODS: The BrQ is made of 34 items on Likert scale, divided in eight domains...
2017: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614287/nasal-swab-screening-for-staphylococcus-aureus-in-spinal-deformity-patients-treated-with-growing-rods
#10
Scott J Luhmann, June C Smith
BACKGROUND: Surgical-site infections are one of the most concerning complications in patients treated with growing rods (GR). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of preoperative screening for Staphylococcus aureus (SA) for all growing spine procedures, and if this would permit alteration of prophylactic antibiotics to cover the identified resistances. METHODS: All patients were identified who had SA screening during the course of GR treatment. In otal, 34 patients [23 neuromuscular (NMS), 4 congenital, 4 idiopathic scoliosis (IS), and 3 syndromic] were identified who had 111 preoperative screenings [79 lengthenings, 23 insertions, 6 revisions, and 3 conversions to posterior spinal fusions (PSF)]...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614278/patient-specific-distraction-regimen-to-avoid-growth-rod-failure
#11
Aakash Agarwal, Arvind Jayaswal, Anand K Agarwal, Vijay K Goel
STUDY DESIGN: A finite element study to establish the relationship between patient's curve flexibility (determined using curve correction under gravity) in juvenile idiopathic scoliosis and the required distraction frequency to avoid growth rod fracture, as a function of time. OBJECTIVE: To perform a parametric analysis using a juvenile scoliotic spine model (single mid-thoracic curve with the apex at the eighth thoracic vertebra) and establish the relationship between curve flexibility (determined using curve correction under gravity) and the distraction interval that allows a higher factor of safety for the growth rods...
June 13, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612190/correction-of-hypokyphosis-in-thoracic-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-using-sublaminar-bands-a-3d-multicenter-study
#12
Brice Ilharreborde, Sébastien Pesenti, Emmanuelle Ferrero, Franck Accadbled, Jean-Luc Jouve, Jérôme Sales De Gauzy, Keyvan Mazda
INTRODUCTION: The comparison of implants and correction methods remain controversial in AIS. Excellent frontal and axial correction rates have been reported with all-screw constructs, but at the expense of sagittal alignment, which has a tendency to flatten postoperatively. Posteromedial translation using hybrid constructs seems to preserve and improve thoracic kyphosis (TK), but no series exist to date with a significant number of hypokyphotic patients. In addition, the measures of TK in 2D are often wrong in severe AIS due to axial rotation...
June 13, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609321/change-in-lung-volume-following-thoracoscopic-anterior-spinal-fusion-surgery-a-3-dimensional-computed-tomography-investigation
#13
Caroline G Yu, Caroline A Grant, Maree T Izatt, Robert D Labrom, Geoffrey N Askin, Clayton J Adam, J Paige Little
STUDY DESIGN: Lung volumes and thoracic anatomy were measured from low-dose computed tomography (CT) scans preoperatively and 2 years following thoracoscopic anterior spinal fusion (TASF) for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess changes in lung volume after TASF surgical correction. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: AIS patients are known to have decreased pulmonary function as a consequence of their spinal and ribcage deformity...
June 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605674/a-procedure-to-detect-abnormal-sensorimotor-control-in-adolescents-with-idiopathic-scoliosis
#14
Jean-Philippe Pialasse, Pierre Mercier, Martin Descarreaux, Martin Simoneau
This work identifies, among adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis, those demonstrating impaired sensorimotor control through a classification procedure comparing the amplitude of their vestibular-evoked postural responses. The sensorimotor control of healthy adolescents (n=17) and adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis (n=52) with either mild (Cobb angle≥15° and ≤30°) or severe (Cobb angle >30°) spine deformation was assessed through galvanic vestibular stimulation. A classification procedure sorted out adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis whether the amplitude of their vestibular-evoked postural response was dissimilar or similar to controls...
June 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604496/a-replication-study-for-association-of-lbx1-locus-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-french-canadian-population
#15
Dina Nada, Cédric Julien, Mark E Samuels, Alain Moreau
STUDY DESIGN: A case-control association study. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between LBX1 polymorphisms and Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis (AIS) in French-Canadian population. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: It is widely accepted that genetic factors contribute to AIS. Although the LBX1 locus is so far the most successfully replicated locus in different AIS cohorts, these associations were replicated mainly in Asian populations, with few studies in Caucasian populations of European descent...
June 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604491/spinal-flexibility-assessment-on-the-patients-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-ais-a-literature-review
#16
Chen He, Man-Sang Wong
STUDY DESIGN: Literature review OBJECTIVE.: To review the contemporary methods for spinal flexibility assessment on the patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Spinal flexibility is one of the essential parameters for clinical decisions on the patients with AIS. Various methods of spinal flexibility assessment are proposed, but which method(s) could better reveal spinal flexibility or predict treatment effect is unclear. METHODS: The databases of AbleData, IBSS, Academic Search Premier, MEDLINE/PubMed, CINAHL, Recal Legacy, REHABDATA, Embase and Web of Science were searched...
June 9, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603378/application-of-extracorporeal-shockwaves-in-the-treatment-of-scoliosis-a-case-report
#17
Hans-Rudolf Weiss
[Purpose] In a pilot investigation, extracorporeal shockwave therapy was applied to patients with idiopathic scoliosis. This case report aimed to describe the effects of repeated extracorporeal shockwave therapy on the clinical signs of a patient with scoliosis due to a functional tethered cord syndrome. [Subject and Methods] In June 2016, a 13-year-old girl presented with a left thoracic curvature. Radiograph showed a left thoracic curve of 24°. An angle of trunk rotation of 21° was measured using a scoliometer...
May 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602642/precision-and-accuracy-of-consumer-grade-motion-tracking-system-for-pedicle-screw-placement-in-pediatric-spinal-fusion-surgery
#18
Andrew Chan, Janelle Aguillon, Doug Hill, Edmond Lou
Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) is a 3-dimensional spinal deformity involving lateral curvature and axial rotation. Surgical intervention involves insertion of pedicle screws into the spine, requiring accuracies of 1mm and 5° in translation and rotation to prevent neural and vascular complications. While commercial CT-navigation is available, the significant cost, bulk and radiation dose hinders their use in AIS surgery. The objective of this study was to evaluate a commercial-grade Optitrack Prime 13W motion capture cameras to determine if they can achieve adequate accuracy for screw insertion guidance in AIS...
June 9, 2017: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601992/prevalence-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-in-anorexia-nervosa-patients-results-from-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Fabio Zaina, Francesca Pesenti, Luca Persani, Paolo Capodaglio, Stefano Negrini, Nicoletta Polli
PURPOSE: A long debate exists about the connection between anorexia nervosa (AN) and scoliosis due to conflicting evidence. No study so far has evaluated the prevalence of scoliosis in patients with AN. The aim of the study is to evaluate the prevalence of idiopathic scoliosis in patients with AN. METHODS: Design: cross-sectional study. STUDY GROUP: convenience sample of all patients matching the inclusion criteria. CONTROL GROUP: female participants coming from an epidemiological screening for scoliosis...
June 10, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601991/the-mechanisms-underlying-the-variety-of-preoperative-directionalities-of-shoulder-tilting-in-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-patients-with-double-thoracic-curve
#20
Jun Jiang, Bang-Ping Qian, Yong Qiu, Bin Wang, Yang Yu, Ze-Zhang Zhu
PURPOSE: Preoperative directionality of shoulder tilting seems to be independent of the radiographic features of proximal thoracic (PT) curve in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients. To date, no study had investigated the mechanisms underlying the variety of preoperative directionalities of shoulder tilting in AIS patients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the differences of radiographic features between Lenke type 2 (double thoracic curve) AIS patients with different preoperative directionalities of shoulder tilting...
June 10, 2017: European Spine Journal
keyword
keyword
51297
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"