keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Neuropsychological

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684893/comparison-of-the-moca-and-bearni-tests-for-detection-of-cognitive-impairment-in-in-patients-with-alcohol-use-disorders
#1
Stéphanie Pelletier, Régis Alarcon, Valérie Ewert, Margot Forest, Bertrand Nalpas, Pascal Perney
INTRODUCTION: Screening of cognitive impairment is a major challenge in alcoholics seeking treatment, since cognitive dysfunction may impair the overall efficacy of rehabilitation programs and consequently increase relapse rate. We compared the performance of two screening tools: the MoCA (Montreal Cognitive Assessment), which is widely used in patients with neurological diseases and already used in patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD), and the BEARNI (Brief Evaluation of Alcohol-Related Neuropsychological Impairments), a recent test specifically developed for the alcoholic population...
April 10, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684628/inflammatory-markers-and-their-possible-effects-on-cognitive-function-in-women-with-posttraumatic-stress-disorder
#2
Risa Imai, Hiroaki Hori, Mariko Itoh, Mingming Lin, Madoka Niwa, Keiko Ino, Sei Ogawa, Makiko Ishida, Atsushi Sekiguchi, Mie Matsui, Hiroshi Kunugi, Tatsuo Akechi, Toshiko Kamo, Yoshiharu Kim
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been associated with increased inflammation, albeit with some controversy. Another key feature of PTSD is compromised function in wide-ranging cognitive domains. Increased peripheral inflammation can contribute to cognitive dysfunction, although this relationship has not been studied in patients with PTSD. Here, we examined blood inflammatory markers in adult patients with PTSD compared to healthy controls taking account of potentially confounding effects of childhood maltreatment and comorbid major depressive disorder (MDD), and explored the association between inflammation and cognition...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684131/the-somatic-marker-hypothesis-and-sexual-decision-making-understanding-the-role-of-iowa-gambling-task-performance-and-daily-sexual-arousal-on-the-sexual-behavior-of-gay-and-bisexual-men
#3
H Jonathon Rendina, Brett M Millar, Genevieve Dash, Sarah W Feldstein Ewing, Jeffrey T Parsons
Background: The sexual decision-making literature suggests that sexual arousal and behavior are associated. The somatic marker hypothesis suggests that individual neuropsychological differences in decision making, as measured by the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT), may moderate these associations; however, this hypothesis has yet to be tested with event-level sexual behavior data. Purpose: We hypothesized that (a) daily sexual arousal would be positively associated with likelihood of engaging in sex and condomless anal sex (CAS) and (b) IGT scores would moderate these associations such that the associations would be stronger among those with higher IGT scores...
April 19, 2018: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683523/white-matter-degeneration-profile-in-the-cognitive-cortico-subcortical-tracts-in-parkinson-s-disease
#4
Alexandru Hanganu, Jean-Christophe Houde, Vladimir S Fonov, Clotilde Degroot, Beatriz Mejia-Constain, Anne-Louise Lafontaine, Valérie Soland, Sylvain Chouinard, Louis D Collins, Maxime Descoteaux, Oury Monchi
BACKGROUND: In Parkinson's disease cognitive impairment is an early nonmotor feature, but it is still unclear why some patients are able to maintain their cognitive performance at normal levels, as quantified by neuropsychological tests, whereas others cannot. The objectives of this study were to perform a cross-sectional study and analyze the white matter changes in the cognitive and motor bundles in patients with Parkinson's disease. METHODS: Sixteen Parkinson's disease patients with normal cognitive performance, 19 with mild cognitive impairment (based on their performance of 1...
April 23, 2018: Movement Disorders: Official Journal of the Movement Disorder Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683456/measuring-the-kinematics-of-daily-living-movements-with-motion-capture-systems-in-virtual-reality
#5
Kyoungwon Seo, Ahreum Lee, Jieun Kim, Hokyoung Ryu, Hojin Choi
The inability to complete instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) is a precursor to various neuropsychological diseases. Questionnaire-based assessments of IADL are easy to use but prone to subjective bias. Here, we describe a novel virtual reality (VR) test to assess two complex IADL tasks: handling financial transactions and using public transportation. While a participant performs the tasks in a VR setting, a motion capture system traces the position and orientation of the dominant hand and head in a three-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683228/relationships-between-self-reported-sleep-quality-components-and-cognitive-functioning-in-breast-cancer-survivors-up-to-10-years-following-chemotherapy
#6
Ashley M Henneghan, Patricia Carter, Alexa Stuifbergan, Brennan Parmelee, Shelli Kesler
OBJECTIVE: Links have been made between aspects of sleep quality and cognitive function in breast cancer survivors (BCS), but findings are heterogeneous. The objective of this study is to examine relationships between specific sleep quality components (latency, duration, efficiency, daytime sleepiness, sleep disturbance, use of sleep aids) and cognitive impairment (performance and perceived), and determine which sleep quality components are the most significant contributors to cognitive impairments in BCS 6 months to 10 years post chemotherapy...
April 23, 2018: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683061/autistic-traits-and-neuropsychological-performance-in-6-to-10-year-old-children-a-population-based-study
#7
Fjola Hyseni, Laura M E Blanken, Ryan Muetzel, Frank C Verhulst, Henning Tiemeier, Tonya White
Clinical studies of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) provide evidence for poorer neuropsychological performance within specific domains compared to age, gender, and sometimes IQ-matched controls. Since recent evidence suggests that autistic symptoms form a spectrum that extends into the general population, it was our goal to evaluate the nature of the relationship between autistic traits and neuropsychological performance across the continuum in the general population. We examined neuropsychological performance across five different domains in 1019 6-to-10-year-old children participating in a population-based study of child development...
April 23, 2018: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682239/diagnostic-relevance-of-spatial-orientation-for-vascular-dementia-a-case-study
#8
Gillian Coughlan, Emma Flanagan, Stephen Jeffs, Maxime Bertoux, Hugo Spiers, Eneida Mioshi, Michael Hornberger
Spatial orientation is emerging as an early and reliable cognitive biomarker of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathophysiology. However, no evidence exists as to whether spatial orientation is also affected in vascular dementia (VaD). Objective: To examine allocentric (map-based) and egocentric (viewpoint-based) spatial orientation in an early stage VaD case. Methods: A spatial test battery was administered following clinical and neuropsychological cognitive evaluation...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682234/performance-of-the-pentagon-drawing-test-for-the-screening-of-older-adults-with-alzheimer-s-dementia
#9
José Eduardo Martinelli, Juliana Francisca Cecato, Marcos Oliveira Martinelli, Brian Alvarez Ribeiro de Melo, Ivan Aprahamian
The Pentagon Drawing Test (PDT) is a common cognitive screening test. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate performance properties of a specific PDT scoring scale in older adults with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and healthy controls. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 390 elderly patients, aged 60 years or older with at least two years of education was conducted. All participants completed clinical and neuropsychological evaluations, including the Cambridge Cognitive Examination, the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and the Clock Drawing Test...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682229/cognitive-deficits-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-in-a-two-year-follow-up-study
#10
Camila de Assis Faria, Heloisa Veiga Dias Alves, Eduarda Naidel Barboza E Barbosa, Helenice Charchat-Fichman
Characterizing cognitive decline in older adults with MCI over time is important to identify the cognitive profile of those who convert to dementia. Objective: This study examined the two-year cognitive trajectory of elderly adults diagnosed with MCI, from geriatrics and neurology outpatient clinics of a public hospital in Rio de Janeiro. Methods: 62 older adults with MCI were submitted to a neuropsychological battery and re-evaluated after two years. The Mann-Whitney U test was employed to assess differences between groups with respect to education, functioning, the Geriatric Depression Scale and diagnosis...
January 2018: Dementia & Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681866/study-protocol-using-deep-brain-stimulation-multimodal-neuroimaging-and-neuroethics-to-understand-and-treat-severe-enduring-anorexia-nervosa
#11
Rebecca J Park, Jessica C Scaife, Tipu Z Aziz
Background: Research suggests that altered eating and the pursuit of thinness in anorexia nervosa (AN) are, in part, a consequence of aberrant reward circuitry. The neural circuits involved in reward processing and compulsivity overlap significantly, and this has been suggested as a transdiagnostic factor underpinning obsessive compulsive disorder, addictions and eating disorders. The nucleus accumbens (NAcc) is central to both reward processing and compulsivity. In previous studies, deep-brain stimulation (DBS) to the NAcc has been shown to result in neural and symptomatic improvement in both obsessive compulsive disorder and addictions...
2018: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681168/hiv-associated-cognitive-disorders-in-perinatally-infected-children-and-adolescents-a-novel-composite-cognitive-domains-score
#12
Nicole J Phillips, Jacqueline Hoare, Dan J Stein, Landon Myer, Heather J Zar, Kevin G F Thomas
Accurate assessment of HIV-associated cognitive disorders in perinatally infected children and adolescents is challenging. Assessments of general intellectual functioning, or global cognition, may not provide information regarding domain-specific strengths and weaknesses, and may therefore fail to detect, impaired trajectories of development within particular cognitive domains. We compare the efficacy of global cognitive scores to that of composite cognitive domain scores in detecting cognitive disorders in a sample of perinatally HIV-infected children, and a demographically matched HIV negative control group, drawn from the Cape Town Adolescent Antiretroviral Cohort (CTAAC) study...
April 22, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679991/empirical-evidence-for-discrete-neurocognitive-subgroups-in-patients-with-non-psychotic-major-depressive-disorder-clinical-implications
#13
Shenghong Pu, Takamasa Noda, Shiori Setoyama, Kazuyuki Nakagome
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychological deficits are present across various cognitive domains in major depressive disorder (MDD). However, a consistent and specific profile of neuropsychological abnormalities has not yet been established. METHODS: We assessed cognition in 170 patients with non-psychotic MDD using the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia and the scores were compared with those of 42 patients with schizophrenia as a reference for severity of cognitive impairment...
April 22, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679734/cortical-networks-for-encoding-near-and-far-space-in-the-non-human-primate
#14
Justine Cléry, Olivier Guipponi, Soline Odouard, Claire Wardak, Suliann Ben Hamed
While extra-personal space is often erroneously considered as a unique entity, early neuropsychological studies report a dissociation between near and far space processing both in humans and in monkeys. Here, we use functional MRI in a naturalistic 3D environment to describe the non-human primate near and far space cortical networks. We describe the co-occurrence of two extended functional networks respectively dedicated to near and far space processing. Specifically, far space processing involves occipital, temporal, parietal, posterior cingulate as well as orbitofrontal regions not activated by near space, possibly subserving the processing of the shape and identity of objects...
April 18, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679576/quantitative-appraisal-of-the-amyloid-imaging-taskforce-appropriate-use-criteria-for-amyloid-pet
#15
Daniele Altomare, Clarissa Ferrari, Cristina Festari, Ugo Paolo Guerra, Cristina Muscio, Alessandro Padovani, Giovanni B Frisoni, Marina Boccardi
INTRODUCTION: We test the hypothesis that amyloid-PET prescriptions, considered appropriate based on the Amyloid Imaging Taskforce (AIT) criteria, lead to greater clinical utility than AIT-inappropriate prescriptions. METHODS: We compared the clinical utility between patients who underwent amyloid-PET appropriately or inappropriately and among the subgroups of patients defined by the AIT criteria. Finally, we performed logistic regressions to identify variables associated with clinical utility...
April 18, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29679197/neuropsychological-impacts-of-indirect-revascularization-for-pediatric-moyamoya-disease
#16
WooHyun Kim, Eun-Young Lee, Seong-Eun Park, Eun-Kyung Park, Ju-Seong Kim, Dong-Seok Kim, Kyu-Won Shim
PURPOSE: Moyamoya disease (MMD) commonly leads to neurocognitive impairment. This study was carried out to show that temporal encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS) has a positive neuropsychological impact on pediatric MMD patients. METHODS: Fifty-five participants diagnosed with MMD from 2008 to 2014 were included in this retrospective study. The mean age at the preoperative evaluation was 9.5 years and the mean age at postoperative evaluation was 10.4. The average interval of initial and follow-up test was 10 months...
April 20, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678679/formal-thought-disorders-from-phenomenology-to-neurobiology
#17
REVIEW
Tilo Kircher, Henrike Bröhl, Felicitas Meier, Jennifer Engelen
Formal thought disorder (FTD) is present in most psychiatric disorders and in some healthy individuals. In this Review, we present a comprehensive, integrative, and multilevel account of what is known about FTD, covering genetic, cellular, and neurotransmitter effects, environmental influences, experimental psychology and neuropsychology, brain imaging, phenomenology, linguistics, and treatment. FTD is a dimensional, phenomenologically defined construct, which can be clinically subdivided into positive versus negative and objective versus subjective symptom clusters...
April 17, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678643/a-systematic-review-of-neuropsychological-studies-involving-young-binge-drinkers
#18
REVIEW
Carina Carbia, Eduardo López-Caneda, Montserrat Corral, Fernando Cadaveira
Binge drinking (BD) is a public health concern with serious implications for brain development. This review is the first in which neuropsychological studies of healthy young BDs are synthesized following PRISMA guidelines. We conducted a literature search in PsycINFO, Web of Science, and PubMed. Articles were screened using strict inclusion criteria. Two authors independently assessed the methodological quality. Of the 27 studies included, 14 (52%) were of intermediate quality, 7 (26%) of poor quality and 6 (22%) of high quality...
April 17, 2018: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678039/topic-repetition-in-conversations-on-different-days-as-a-sign-of-dementia
#19
Kaoru Shinkawa, Yasunori Yamada
Detecting early signs of dementia in everyday situations becomes more and more important in a rapidly aging society. Language dysfunctions are recognized as the prominent signs of dementia. Previous computational studies characterized these language dysfunctions by using acoustic and linguistic features for detecting dementia. However, they mainly investigated language dysfunctions collected from patients during neuropsychological tests. Language dysfunctions observed during regular conversations in everyday situations received little attention...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676934/cognitive-profiles-of-older-adults-with-a-prior-traumatic-brain-injury-versus-healthy-controls-a-meta-analysis
#20
Kelly Y An, Mich C E Monette
OBJECTIVE: To determine cognitive outcomes in older adults (≥ 50 years old) having sustained a traumatic brain injury (TBI) using meta-analysis. METHODS: MedLine and PsycInfo databases were searched to identify studies comparing neuropsychological profiles in older adults with and without a history of TBI across various injury severities and times post-injury. Ten studies (n = 717) meeting inclusion criteria were identified. Tests were divided into functional modalities and average effect sizes were calculated across studies on a test-by-test basis...
April 20, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
keyword
keyword
5129
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"