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Pelvic fixation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218129/pubic-symphysis-diastasis-a-case-series-and-literature-review
#1
Jaya Jethra Chawla, Devendra Arora, Namrita Sandhu, Megha Jain, Anju Kumari
Separation of pubic symphysis during delivery is a rare complication resulting in considerable and prolonged morbidity for parturient women. The usual presentation is that of something giving way in the region of the symphysis pubis sometimes with an audible crack at the time of delivery. Unbearable pain on moving from side-to-side and on performing any weight-bearing activity (such as walking or climbing stairs) precludes ambulation in the immediate postpartum period. This could be accompanied by disruption of the sacroiliac joint, hemorrhage, or urine incontinence in severe cases...
November 2017: Oman Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216705/-functional-results-of-open-wedge-osteotomies-in-lower-limb-angular-deformities-in-teenagers
#2
C Orellana-Reta, L A Valdez-Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the functional and radiographic results of adolescent patients with angular deformities of the pelvic limbs treated with an open wedge osteotomy system. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Observational, prospective, analytical and cross-sectional study of patients with angular deformity of the pelvic limbs treated with an open wedge osteotomy. We made a radiographic evaluation of the femorotibial angle, MAD angle, lower limb discrepancy, and pre- and postoperative degrees of the rotational center of deformity (CORA), as well as a telephone survey of the postoperative functional evaluation IKDC 2000...
May 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209809/reduction-and-temporary-stabilization-of-tile-c-pelvic-ring-injuries-using-a-posteriorly-based-external-fixation-system
#3
Murphy P Martin, David Rojas, Cyril Mauffrey
Tile C pelvic ring injuries are challenging to manage even in the most experienced hands. The majority of such injuries can be managed using percutaneous reduction techniques, and the posterior ring can be stabilized using percutaneous transiliac-transsacral screw fixation. However, a subgroup of patients present with inadequate bony corridors, significant sacral zone 2 comminution or significant lateral/vertical displacement of the hemipelvis through a complete sacral fracture. Percutaneous strategies in such circumstances can be dangerous...
December 5, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204495/radiolucencies-surrounding-acetabular-components-with-three-dimensional-coatings-artifact-or-real
#4
Ahmad Faizan, Philip Chuang, Carlos Aponte, Vincent Moretti, Peter F Sharkey
Background: Several 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional surfaces are available for cementless acetabular fixation. Plain radiographs are used to assess osseointegration; however, the radiographs are limited by their inability to capture the bone fixation process occurring over the 3-dimensional cup surface. In this cadaveric study, we compared the bone apposition between 2-dimensional and 3-dimensional cups. Methods: Both types of cups were implanted in 6 cadavers and pelvic radiographs obtained...
December 2017: Arthroplasty Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200176/anatomical-study-of-a-novel-iliosacral-screw-placement-for-sacrum-pelvis-in-adult-via-computed-tomography-reconstruction
#5
Xu Sun, Song Li, Yong Qiu, Zhonghui Chen, Xi Chen, Liang Xu, Zezhang Zhu
STUDY DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the feasibility and safety of a novel iliosacral screw placement for sacrum-pelvis in adult pelvis by computed tomography (CT) reconstruction. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The optimal technique of spino-pelvic fixation is still being developed and redefined. However, neither the relevant anatomic parameters nor the potential spinal canal involvement for a novel iliosacral screw placement have been clearly analyzed...
December 1, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198716/non-anatomic-fixation-for-longstanding-traumatic-pubic-diastasis-using-a-bone-graft-a-report-of-two-cases
#6
Giedrius Petryla, Valentinas Uvarovas, Igoris Šatkauskas, Povilas Masionis, Narūnas Porvaneckas
The incidence of internal fixation failure of symphysis diastasis varies from 6% to 75%. Hardware breakage or migration and symphysis disruption recurrence are often asymptomatic and only in a few cases reoperation is required. This report describes the managements of two cases after failed internal fixation and neglected traumatic symphysis diastasis when it was technically impossible to achieve anatomical reduction of the anterior pelvic ring. Internal fixation and a bone graft for the symphysis without anatomical reposition were performed...
November 4, 2017: Chinese Journal of Traumatology, Zhonghua Chuang Shang za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195831/bladder-exstrophy-closure-in-the-newborn-period-with-external-pelvic-fixation-performed-without-osteotomy-a-preliminary-report
#7
A Alam, R Blachman-Braun, J C Delto, P R M Moscardi, M Castellan, M A Tidwell, A Labbie, R Gosalbez
BACKGROUND: Successful primary bladder closure is the most crucial element for urinary continence in patients with classic bladder exstrophy (CBE). In the newborn period, bladder closure can be performed in the first 48 h without pelvic osteotomy or external fixation, but requires postoperative lower extremity immobilization (i.e., spica cast, Bryant's or Buck's traction). OBJECTIVE: To present a novel surgical approach for primary bladder closure for CBE using two-pin external fixation without pelvic osteotomy, and without postoperative lower extremity immobilization...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191213/modified-pedicle-screw-rod-fixation-versus-anterior-pelvic-external-fixation-for-the-management-of-anterior-pelvic-ring-fractures-a-comparative-study
#8
Chun Bi, Qiugen Wang, Jianhong Wu, Feng Zhou, Fei Zhang, Haipeng Liang, Fei Lyu, Jiandong Wang
BACKGROUND: Anterior pelvic ring fracture, as high-energy trauma, needs to be effectively treated. The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the clinical applications of modified pedicle screw-rod fixation and anterior pelvic external fixation for the treatment of anterior pelvic ring fracture. METHODS: Either modified pedicle screw-rod fixation (modified PSRF group, N = 21) or anterior pelvic external fixation (APEF group, N = 22) was performed to 43 patients, with or without fixation of posterior ring...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191100/preliminary-results-of-anterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-anterior-column-realignment-for-the-treatment-of-sagittal-malalignment
#9
Pooria Hosseini, Gregory M Mundis, Robert K Eastlack, Ramin Bagheri, Enrique Vargas, Stacie Tran, Behrooz A Akbarnia
OBJECTIVE Sagittal malalignment decreases patients' quality of life and may require surgical correction to achieve realignment goals. High-risk posterior-based osteotomy techniques are the current standard treatment for addressing sagittal malalignment. More recently, anterior lumbar interbody fusion, anterior column realignment (ALIF ACR) has been introduced as an alternative for correction of sagittal deformity. The objective of this paper was to report clinical and radiographic results for patients treated using the ALIF-ACR technique...
December 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169094/evaluation-of-full-pelvic-ring-stresses-using-a-bilateral-static-gait-phase-finite-element-modeling-method
#10
Bridget Volinski, Anil Kalra, King Yang
Trauma to the pelvis is debilitating and often needs fixation intervention. In 58% of patients with this trauma, the injuries can lead to permanent disability, preventing the return to jobs. Of all unsuccessful fixation procedures, 42% are caused by failures of the method, sometimes due to mobilization during healing. Patients would benefit by havibridgetv@comcast.netng fixation hardware in place that enabled ambulation. During walking the bilateral hip joint plus leg and trunk muscle forces, including those from hip motion, can induce torsion into the pelvic ring and across the joint cartilages, and affect the internal stresses of the pelvis...
November 4, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166938/a-case-of-blunt-thoracic-aortic-injury-requiring-ecmo-for-acute-malperfusion-before-tevar
#11
Daiki Wada, Koichi Hayakawa, Shuji Kanayama, Shuhei Maruyama, Hiromu Iwamura, Noriyuki Miyama, Fukuki Saito, Yasushi Nakamori, Yasuyuki Kuwagata
BACKGROUND: Blunt thoracic aortic injury (BTAI) is associated with a high mortality rate and the paradigm of treating patients with BTAI currently favours thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) if possible. In BTAI, lethal malperfusion caused by a pseudoaneurysm has rarely been reported. We present the first report of a successful case in which a pseudoaneurysm causing the infrequent occurrence of lethal malperfusion and subsequent acute severe ischaemia in the distal portion of the thoracic descending aorta was overcome by veno-arterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (VA ECMO) as a bridging therapy until the initiation of TEVAR...
November 22, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162957/geriatric-pelvic-organ-prolapse-surgery-going-the-extra-mile
#12
Seethalakshmi Krishnan
Background: To assess the quality of life in geriatric patients after reconstructive and obliterative vaginal surgery for advanced pelvic organ prolapse (POP). Methods: Prospective observational study was conducted between January 2009 and December 2014 at the department of Urogynaecology, Government Kasturbha Gandhi Hospital. A total of 424 women (between the age group of 60 and 94 years) with advanced pelvic organ prolapse underwent vaginal hysterectomy along with vaginal apical suspension procedures which were McCalls culdoplasty (35...
December 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162245/ultrasound-guided-supra-acetabular-pin-placement-in-pelvic-external-fixation-description-of-a-surgical-technique-and-results
#13
Francisco Chana-Rodríguez, Manuel Cuervas-Mons, José Rojo-Manaute, Félix Mora, Juan Arnal, Javier Vaquero-Martín
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic fracture in trauma patients can lead to hemodynamic instability. External fixation is a treatment capable of stabilizing these injuries in the context of damage control surgery. Supra-acetabular pin offers the greater biomechanical stability but requires the use of intraoperative fluoroscopy. The aim of this study was to analyze our results for an ultrasound-guided supra-acetabular pinning. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study with cadaveric specimens...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162242/current-concepts-in-spondylopelvic-dissociation
#14
REVIEW
André Luiz Loyelo Barcellos, Vinícius M da Rocha, João Antonio Matheus Guimarães
INTRODUCTION: Spondylopelvic dissociation is an uncommon and complex injury that results from high-energy trauma with axial overloading through the sacrum. Due to the life-threatening nature of these injuries, standard Advanced Trauma Life Support® (ATLS) protocol must be used in the trauma setting as part of the initial management of these patients. The key to diagnosis is a good physical exam coupled with high level of suspicion. Radicular neurological deficits commonly are present in spondylopelvic dissociation (L5's roots) and should be documented for future evaluations...
November 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159667/uterus-sparing-vaginolaparoscopic-sacrocolpopexy-for-apical-pelvic-organ-prolapse
#15
Atef Darwish, Mostafa Bahlol, AbdelGhafar Ahmad, Mohamed Fekry
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Our aim was to evaluate the safety, feasibility, and effectiveness of a vaginolaparoscopic sacrocolpopexy (VLS) technique for treating apical pelvic organ prolapse (POP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a prospective interventional case series (design classification: Canadian Task Force II3) performed in the endoscopic unit of a tertiary care referral facility and university hospital. We assessed 15 symptomatic parous women with stage ≥2 apical POP according to the POP Quantification (POP-Q) classification...
November 20, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159479/operative-treatment-of-pelvic-apophyseal-avulsions-in-adolescent-and-young-adult-athletes-a-follow-up-study
#16
Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu, Iftach Hetsroni, Ernest Schilders, Lasse Lempainen, Willy Serlo, Sakari Orava
INTRODUCTION: Pelvic apophyseal avulsion can limit young athletes' performance for months and may result in permanent disability. Nonoperative treatment is most commonly preferred, while surgical management with reduction and fixation is reserved for selected cases. Our aim was to evaluate outcomes of operative management of pelvic apophyseal avulsions in a series of adolescents and young adult athletes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Operative room registries and medical records were reviewed to identify patients who received surgical treatment for pelvic apophyseal avulsions who were younger than 24 years and with a minimum of 12 month follow-up...
November 20, 2017: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134243/-implants-for-genital-prolapse-pro-mesh-surgery
#17
REVIEW
J Neymeyer, D-E Moldovan, K Kornienko, K Miller, A Weichert
There has been an overall increase in pelvic organ prolapse due to demographic changes (increased life expectancy). Increasing sociocultural demands of women require treatments that are more effective with methods that are more successful. In the treatment of pelvic floor insufficiency and uterovaginal prolapse, pelvic floor reconstructions with mesh implants have proven to be superior to conventional methods such as the classic colporrhaphy, reconstructions with biomaterial, and native tissue repair in appropriately selected patients and when applying exact operation techniques, especially because of good long-term results and low recurrence rates...
November 13, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132575/acute-management-of-the-traumatically-injured-pelvis
#18
REVIEW
Steven Skitch, Paul T Engels
Severe pelvic trauma is a challenging condition. The pelvis can create multifocal hemorrhage that is not easily compressible nor managed by traditional surgical methods such as tying off a blood vessel or removing an organ. Its treatment often requires reapproximation of bony structures, damage control resuscitation, assessment for associated injuries, and triage of investigations, as well as multimodality hemorrhage control (external fixation, preperitoneal packing, angioembolization, REBOA [resuscitative endovascular balloon occlusion of the aorta]) by multidisciplinary trauma specialists (general surgeons, orthopedic surgeons, endovascular surgeons/interventional radiologists)...
February 2018: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130655/-efficacy-of-sacroiliac-joint-anterior-approach-with-double-reconstruction-plate-and-computer-assisted-navigation-percutaneous-sacroiliac-screw-for-treating-tile-c1-pelvic-fractures
#19
Zhen Tan, Yue Fang, Hui Zhang, Lei Liu, Zhou Xiang, Gang Zhong, Fu-Guo Huang, Guang-Lin Wang
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of sacroiliac joint anterior approach with double reconstruction plate and computer assisted navigation percutaneous sacroiliac screw for treating Tile C1 pelvic fractures. METHODS: Fifty patients with pelvic Tile C1 fractures were randomly divided into two groups ( n=25 for each) in the orthopedic department of West China Hospital of Sichuan University from December 2012 to November 2014. Patients in group A were treated by sacroiliac joint dislocation with anterior plate fixation...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130654/-classification-and-treatment-of-sacroiliac-joint-dislocation
#20
Zhen Tan, Zhong Huang, Liang Li, Wei-Kun Meng, Lei Liu, Hui Zhang, Guang-Lin Wang, Fu-Guo Huang
OBJECTIVE: To develop a renewed classification and treatment regimen for sacroiliac joint dislocation. METHODS: According to the direction of dislocation of sacroiliac joint,combined iliac,sacral fractures,and fracture morphology,sacroiliac joint dislocation was classified into 4 types. Type Ⅰ (sacroiliac anterior dislocation): main fracture fragments of posterior iliac wing dislocated in front of sacroiliac joint. Type Ⅱ (sacroiliac posterior dislocation): main fracture fragments of posterior iliac wing dislocated in posterior of sacroiliac joint...
September 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
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