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obstructive apnea

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735503/association-between-allergic-disease-sleep-disordered-breathing-and-childhood-nocturnal-enuresis-a-population-based-case-control-study
#1
Jeng-Dau Tsai, Hsuan-Ju Chen, Min-Sho Ku, Shan-Ming Chen, Chih-Chuan Hsu, Min-Che Tung, Che-Chen Lin, Hsing-Yi Chang, Ji-Nan Sheu
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the associations between allergic disease, sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), and childhood nocturnal enuresis (NE). We examined whether allergic disease and SDB were associated with childhood NE. METHODS: Data were assessed from the 2007-2012 Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database. We enrolled 4308 children aged 5-18 years having NE diagnosis and age- and sex-matched 4308 children as the control group. The odds ratios of NE were calculated to determine an association with preexisting allergic disease and SDB...
July 22, 2017: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734812/quantitative-retinal-vascular-changes-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#2
Jessica Y Tong, Mojtaba Golzan, Dana Georgevsky, Jonathan P Williamson, Stuart L Graham, Claude S Farah, Clare L Fraser
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between both static and dynamic retinal vascular caliber and the severity of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study. METHODS: Adult patients undergoing diagnostic polysomnography studies at a private Australian university teaching hospital were recruited. OSA severity was defined by the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI): severe >30, moderate >15-30, mild 5-15, and controls <5...
July 19, 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729411/recognized-obstructive-sleep-apnea-is-associated-with-improved-in-hospital-outcomes-after-st-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#3
Divyanshu Mohananey, Pedro A Villablanca, Tanush Gupta, Sahil Agrawal, Michael Faulx, Venugopal Menon, Samir R Kapadia, Brian P Griffin, Stephen G Ellis, Milind Y Desai
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is an independent risk factor for many cardiovascular conditions such as coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, systemic hypertension, pulmonary hypertension, and stroke. However, the association of OSA with outcomes in patients hospitalized for ST-elevation myocardial infarction remains controversial. METHODS AND RESULTS: We used the nation-wide inpatient sample between 2003 and 2011 to identify patients with a primary discharge diagnosis of ST-elevation myocardial infarction and then used the International Classification of Diseases, Clinical Modification code 327...
July 20, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728624/the-national-healthy-sleep-awareness-project-sleep-health-surveillance-questionnaire-as-an-obstructive-sleep-apnea-surveillance-tool
#4
Youngsin Jung, Mithri R Junna, Jayawant N Mandrekar, Timothy I Morgenthaler
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To validate the previously published National Healthy Sleep Awareness Project (NHSAP) Surveillance and Epidemiology Workgroup questionnaire for ability to determine risk for moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: The NHSAP sleep questions, part of the next Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), were constructed to mimic elements of the STOP sleep apnea questionnaire, and included number of days with sleep disruption and unintentional dozing and a history of snoring and apneas...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728622/psychomotor-vigilance-test-and-its-association-with-daytime-sleepiness-and-inflammation-in-sleep-apnea-clinical-implications
#5
Yun Li, Alexandros Vgontzas, Ilia Kritikou, Julio Fernandez-Mendoza, Maria Basta, Slobodanka Pejovic, Jordan Gaines, Edward O Bixler
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Excessive daytime sleepiness (EDS) is a key symptom of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The Psychomotor Vigilance Task (PVT) has been suggested as an objective easy-to-use, inexpensive alternative to the Multiple Sleep Latency Test (MSLT) to measure EDS. In patients with OSA, physiological sleepiness, but not subjective EDS (Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS]), has been associated with increased levels of the sleep- inducing proinflammatory cytokine interleukin-6 (IL-6). The goal of this study was to assess the association of PVT with objectively measured sleepiness (MSLT) and subjectively measured sleepiness (ESS) and IL-6 levels in patients with OSA...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728621/high-flow-heated-humidified-air-via-nasal-cannula-treats-cpap-intolerant-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#6
Stephen Hawkins, Stephanie Huston, Kristen Campbell, Ann Halbower
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is effective but challenging for children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). High-flow air via open nasal cannula (HFNC) as treatment in children remains controversial. We report the efficacy of HFNC in children with OSA and CPAP intolerance, a titration protocol, and a discussion of potential mechanisms. METHODS: Patients aged 1 to 18 years with OSA (defined by obstructive apnea-hypopnea index [OAHI] greater than 1 event/h) and CPAP intolerance were enrolled...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728616/efficacy-of-the-addition-of-a-cervical-collar-in-the-treatment-of-persistent-obstructive-apneas-despite-continuous-positive-airway-pressure
#7
Arnaud Prigent, Leo Grassion, Stephanie Guesdon, Jesus Gonzalez-Bermejo
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) is currently the reference treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The use of a face mask, although sometimes necessary, is often associated with increased airway obstruction due to mandibular retrusion. We report a small group of patients in whom addition of a cervical collar to a face mask allowed correction of obstructive events.
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728615/success-of-tonsillectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-with-down-syndrome
#8
David G Ingram, Amanda G Ruiz, Dexiang Gao, Norman R Friedman
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is common in children with Down syndrome (DS) and associated with significant morbidity. In the current study we examined polysomnographic outcomes of children with DS who underwent tonsillectomy. METHODS: A retrospective chart review of children with DS who underwent a tonsillectomy between 2009-2015 was performed. All children had either a concurrent adenoidectomy or had previously underwent an adenoidectomy. Children with preoperative and postoperative polysomnograms within 6 months of surgery were included in the analysis...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728614/upper-airway-stimulation-for-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-an-evaluation-and-comparison-of-outcomes-at-two-academic-centers
#9
Colin Huntley, Thomas Kaffenberger, Karl Doghramji, Ryan Soose, Maurits Boon
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Data from patients at Thomas Jefferson University Hospital (TJUH) and University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) undergoing upper airway stimulation (UAS) were analyzed. We hypothesize that treatment with UAS will improve both subjective and objective outcome measures and results will be reproducible between institutions. METHODS: We reviewed patients undergoing UAS between May 2014 and August 2016. We recorded demographic data, Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), and preoperative and postoperative polysomnographic information...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728251/-progress-of-dopamine-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#10
Z Y Song, H L Yi
The etiology and pathogenesis of sleep obstructive apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) is not yet definitive, evidence shows that the dysfunction of pharyngeal nerve and the atonia of the muscle innervated by these nerve could play an important role in the progress of OSAHS. Dopamine is a neurotransmitter in the central nervous system which significantly affects the sleep-awake regulation. So far mounting evidence shows that dopamine has a potential role in the modulation of hypoglossal nucleus. The progress of dopamine in obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome is reviewed in this article...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725492/role-of-spousal-involvement-in-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-cpap-adherence-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-osa
#11
Salma Batool-Anwar, Carol M Baldwin, Shira Fass, Stuart F Quan
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about the impact of spousal involvement on continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) adherence. The aim of this study was to determine whether spouse involvement affects adherence with CPAP therapy, and how this association varies with gender. METHODS: 194 subjects recruited from Apnea Positive Pressure Long Term Efficacy Study (APPLES) completed the Dyadic Adjustment Scale (DAS). The majority of participants were Caucasian (83%), and males (73%), with mean age of 56 years, mean BMI of 31 kg/m(2)...
May 2017: Southwest Journal of Pulmonary & Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724876/treatment-with-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-and-diurnal-and-nocturnal-serum-melatonin-concentration-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#12
Małgorzata Barnaś, Marta Maskey-Warzęchowska, Piotr Bielicki, Marta Kumor, Ryszarda Chazan
INTRODUCTION    Melatonin secretion, one of the main factors controlling the sleep-wake rhythm, may be disrupted in subjects with sleep disorders. OBJECTIVES    To evaluate the profile of circadian melatonin secretion in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and to assess the impact of a 2 day and a 3-month period of treatment with continuous airway pressure (CPAP) on diurnal and nocturnal serum melatonin. PATIENTS AND METHODS    Serum melatonin was evaluated in 71 untreated OSA patients and 18 healthy controls at six time points: 10 am, 2 pm, 6 pm, 10 pm, 2 am, 6 am...
July 10, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723745/evaluation-of-the-predictive-value-of-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-for-onset-of-cerebral-infarction-in-the-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-hypopnea-syndrome
#13
Chang-Xing Shen, Min Tan, Xiao-Lian Song, Shuan-Shuan Xie, Guo-Liang Zhang, Chang-Hui Wang
Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a risk factor for the complications caused by obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). This study was aimed to evaluate the predictive value of RDW for the occurrence of cerebral infarction in patients with OSAHS.We conducted a prospective study of 129 consecutive patients who were admitted to the Sleep Laboratory of in the Tenth People's Hospital of Shanghai (China) with complaints of snoring, apnea, or daytime sleepiness. All patients underwent polysomnography between June 2011 and May 2012...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721156/obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hormones-a-novel-insight
#14
Marek Ruchała, Barbara Bromińska, Ewa Cyrańska-Chyrek, Barbara Kuźnar-Kamińska, Magdalena Kostrzewska, Halina Batura-Gabryel
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), a disorder characterized by repetitive collapse of the upper respiratory tract during sleep, occurs in about 4% of middle-aged men and 2% of women. The incidence of the disorder is rising due to an increase in obesity and ageing of the population. Patients with obstructive sleep apnea are at elevated risk of some endocrinal and metabolic disorders, which may lead to serious consequences including shortening of life expectancy. The recognition and understanding of interactions between local upper airway dysfunction and its endocrinal consequences is therefore vital...
June 2017: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720244/cpap-nonadherence-issues-in-a-small-sample-of-men-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#15
April L Shapiro, Susan McCrone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718191/-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-by-orthodontic-treatment-a-thought-provoking-impulse
#16
Silvia Esther Müller-Hagedorn, Christian Friedrich Poets
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718114/-obstructive-sleep-apnea-and-hypertension
#17
REVIEW
Thomas Balanis, Bernd Sanner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717631/orthodontic-view-in-the-diagnoses-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#18
REVIEW
Saeed M Banabilh
Obstructive sleep apnea is an exciting area for orthodontists to be involved. The level of awareness of sleep apnea and related health issues is growing rapidly. The demand of integrating sleep into the orthodontic practice shortly will be driven by the need of the societies as some of our patients will be shortly coming into our offices aware of sleep apnea. However, with our busy clinical orthodontic practice, the need of condense short review become more demanding. Therefore, this review will try to summarize the clinical and orthodontic observation in the diagnoses of adult obstructive sleep apnea with clinical application in orthodontic practice...
July 2017: Journal of Orthodontic Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715584/reduced-retinal-vessel-density-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-patients-an-optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-study
#19
Jian Yu, Kuanlin Xiao, Jingjing Huang, Xinghuai Sun, Chunhui Jiang
Purpose: To examine the retinal vasculature in patients with obstructive sleep apnea-hypopnea syndrome (OSAS) and to determine the correlation between retinal vascularity and the severity of OSAS. Design: Prospective, cross-sectional study. Methods: Sixty-nine consecutive subjects who underwent polysomnography were enrolled. Patients were divided into three groups according to the severity of OSAS, which was defined using the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) as normal-to-mild (AHI <15), moderate (≥15 to <30), or severe (≥30)...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715281/admission-for-copd-exacerbation-is-associated-with-the-clinical-diagnosis-of-pulmonary-hypertension-results-from-a-retrospective-longitudinal-study-of-a-veteran-population
#20
Sarah K Medrek, Amir Sharafkhaneh, Andrew M Spiegelman, Arnav Kak, Lavannya M Pandit
Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and pulmonary hypertension (PH-COPD) have an increased risk of hospitalizations and death compared to COPD alone. Identifying PH in COPD is challenging because performing right heart catheterization, the gold standard for PH diagnosis, is invasive and not routinely performed. Clinical characterization of COPD patients at risk who are progressing toward PH will aid therapeutic development at earlier stages of progressively fatal PH-COPD. We studied the records of 5,45,086 patients in a large Veterans Affairs healthcare network (2000-2012) with a primary discharge diagnosis of COPD based on encounters' ICD-9 codes and further stratified into those who received an additional ICD-9 code for a PH diagnosis...
July 17, 2017: COPD
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