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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667699/lean-perspectives-a-case-for-implementing-parent-child-relational-problem-screening
#1
Bryson C Okeoma
The purpose of the current study was to make a case for instituting parent-child relational problem (PCRP) screening as a standard of care in pediatric inpatient psychiatric units due to increasing evidence that PCRP may be an underreported problem that affects more adolescents than currently realized. Adolescents who are admitted to the hospital for mood exacerbation, suicidal ideation, self-harm behavior, or behavioral escalation may improve and be discharged. However, these adolescents often are readmitted, which may be associated with parent-child relational factors...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Psychosocial Nursing and Mental Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667513/a-survey-of-valleys-and-basins-of-the-western-usa-for-the-capacity-to-produce-winter-ozone
#2
Marc L Mansfield, Courtney F Hall
High winter ozone in the Uintah Basin, Utah, and the Upper Green River Basin, Wyoming, occurs because of the confluence of three separate factors: (1) extensive oil or natural gas production, (2) topography conducive to strong multi-day thermal inversions, and (3) snow cover. We surveyed 13 basins and valleys in the western USA for the existence and magnitude of these factors. Seven of the basins, because winter ozone measurements were available, were assigned to four different behavioral classes. Based on similarities among the basins, the remaining six were also given a tentative assignment...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666812/tumor-progression-the-neuronal-input
#3
REVIEW
Marco Arese, Federico Bussolino, Margherita Pergolizzi, Laura Bizzozero, Davide Pascal
One of the challenges of cancer is its heterogeneity and rapid capacity to adapt. Notwithstanding significant progress in the last decades in genomics and precision medicine, new molecular targets and therapies appear highly necessary. One way to approach this complex problem is to consider cancer in the context of its cellular and molecular microenvironment, which includes nerves. The peripheral nerves, the topic of this review, modulate the biological behavior of the cancer cells and influence tumor progression, including the events related to the metastatic spread of the disease...
March 2018: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666375/association-and-cis-mqtl-analysis-of-variants-in-chrna3-a5-chrna7-chrnb2-and-chrnb4-in-relation-to-nicotine-dependence-in-a-chinese-han-population
#4
Qiang Liu, Haijun Han, Maiqiu Wang, Yinghao Yao, Li Wen, Keran Jiang, Yunlong Ma, Rongli Fan, Jiali Chen, Kunkai Su, Zhongli Yang, Wenyan Cui, Wenji Yuan, Xianzhong Jiang, Jingjing Li, Thomas J Payne, Jundong Wang, Ming D Li
Nicotine dependence (ND) is a worldwide health problem. Numerous genetic studies have demonstrated a significant association of variants in nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) with smoking behaviors. However, most of these studies enrolled only subjects of European or African ancestry. In addition, although an increasing body of evidence implies a causal connection of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and epigenetic regulation of gene expression, few studies of this issue have been reported. In this study, we performed both association and interaction analysis for 67 SNPs in CHRNA3-A5, CHRNA7, CHRNB2, and CHRNB4 with ND in a Chinese Han population (N = 5055)...
April 18, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665560/are-online-poker-problem-gamblers-sensation-seekers
#5
Céline Bonnaire
The purpose of this research was to examine the relationship between sensation seeking and online poker gambling in a community sample of adult online poker players, when controlling for age, gender, anxiety and depression. In total, 288 online poker gamblers were recruited. Sociodemographic data, gambling behavior (CPGI), sensation seeking (SSS), depression and anxiety (HADS) were evaluated. Problem online poker gamblers have higher sensation seeking scores (total, thrill and adventure, disinhibition and boredom susceptibility subscores) and depression scores than non-problem online poker gamblers...
March 31, 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665250/a-genome-wide-association-study-of-coping-behaviors-suggests-fbxo45-is-associated-with-emotional-expression
#6
Chisato Shimanoe, Tsuyoshi Hachiya, Megumi Hara, Yuichiro Nishida, Keitaro Tanaka, Yoichi Sutoh, Atsushi Shimizu, Asahi Hishida, Sayo Kawai, Rieko Okada, Takashi Tamura, Keitaro Matsuo, Hidemi Ito, Etsuko Ozaki, Daisuke Matsui, Rie Ibusuki, Ippei Shimoshikiryo, Naoyuki Takashima, Aya Kadota, Kokichi Arisawa, Hirokazu Uemura, Sadao Suzuki, Miki Watanabe, Kiyonori Kuriki, Kaori Endoh, Haruo Mikami, Yohko Nakamura, Yukihide Momozawa, Michiaki Kubo, Masahiro Nakatochi, Mariko Naito, Kenji Wakai
Individuals use coping behaviors to deal with unpleasant daily events. Such behaviors can moderate or mediate the pathway between psychosocial stress and health-related outcomes. However, few studies have examined the associations between coping behaviors and genetic variants. We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) on coping behaviors in 13,088 participants aged 35-69 years as part of the Japan Multi-Institutional Collaborative Cohort Study. Five coping behaviors (emotional expression, emotional support seeking, positive reappraisal, problem solving, and disengagement) were measured and analyzed...
April 17, 2018: Genes, Brain, and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665110/illusion-thermotics
#7
Run Hu, Shuling Zhou, Ying Li, Dang-Yuan Lei, Xiaobing Luo, Cheng-Wei Qiu
"Fata Morgana" or "Mirage" phenomena have long been captivated as optical illusions, which actually relies on gradient-density air or vapor. Man-made optical illusions have witnessed significant progress by resorting to artificially structured metamaterials. Nevertheless, two long-standing challenges remain formidable: first, exotic parameters (negative or less than unity) become inevitable; second, the signature of original object is altered to that of a virtual counterpart. It is thus not able to address the holy grail of illusion per se, since a single virtual object still exposes the location...
April 17, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663574/gesture-helps-learners-learn-but-not-merely-by-guiding-their-visual-attention
#8
Elizabeth Wakefield, Miriam A Novack, Eliza L Congdon, Steven Franconeri, Susan Goldin-Meadow
Teaching a new concept through gestures-hand movements that accompany speech-facilitates learning above-and-beyond instruction through speech alone (e.g., Singer & Goldin-Meadow, ). However, the mechanisms underlying this phenomenon are still under investigation. Here, we use eye tracking to explore one often proposed mechanism-gesture's ability to direct visual attention. Behaviorally, we replicate previous findings: Children perform significantly better on a posttest after learning through Speech+Gesture instruction than through Speech Alone instruction...
April 16, 2018: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663072/early-adolescent-outcomes-of-joint-developmental-trajectories-of-problem-behavior-and-iq-in-childhood
#9
Eirini Flouri, Efstathios Papachristou, Emily Midouhas, Heather Joshi, George B Ploubidis, Glyn Lewis
General cognitive ability (IQ) and problem behavior (externalizing and internalizing problems) are variable and inter-related in children. However, it is unknown how they co-develop in the general child population and how their patterns of co-development may be related to later outcomes. We carried out this study to explore this. Using data from 16,844 Millennium Cohort Study children, we fitted three-parallel-process growth mixture models to identify joint developmental trajectories of internalizing, externalizing and IQ scores at ages 3-11 years...
April 16, 2018: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663017/cyclic-nucleotide-phosphodiesterases-potential-therapeutic-targets-for-alcohol-use-disorder
#10
REVIEW
Rui-Ting Wen, Fang-Fang Zhang, Han-Ting Zhang
Alcohol use disorder (AUD), which combines the criteria of both alcohol abuse and dependence, contributes as an important causal factor to multiple health and social problems. Given the limitation of current treatments, novel medications for AUD are needed to better control alcohol consumption and maintain abstinence. It has been well established that the intracellular signal transduction mediated by the second messengers cyclic AMP (cAMP) and cyclic GMP (cGMP) crucially underlies the genetic predisposition, rewarding properties, relapsing features, and systemic toxicity of compulsive alcohol consumption...
April 16, 2018: Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662433/palmitoylethanolamide-ameliorates-hippocampal-damage-and-behavioral-dysfunction-after-perinatal-asphyxia-in-the-immature-rat-brain
#11
María I Herrera, Lucas D Udovin, Nicolás Toro-Urrego, Carlos F Kusnier, Juan P Luaces, Francisco Capani
Perinatal asphyxia (PA) is an obstetric complication associated with an impaired gas exchange. This health problem continues to be a determinant of neonatal mortality and neurodevelopmental disorders. Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) has exerted neuroprotection in several models of brain injury and neurodegeneration. We aimed at evaluating the potential neuroprotective role of PEA in an experimental model, which induces PA in the immature rat brain. PA was induced by placing Sprague Dawley newborn rats in a water bath at 37°C for 19 min...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661612/hearing-self-motion-perception-mobility-and-aging
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer Campos, Robert Ramkhalawansingh, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
Hearing helps us know where we are relative to important events and objects in our environment and it allows us to track our changing position dynamically over space and time. Auditory cues are used in combination with other sensory inputs (visual, vestibular, proprioceptive) to help us perceive our own movements through space, known as self-motion perception. Whether we are maintaining standing balance, walking, or driving, audition can provide unique and important information to help optimize self-motion perception, and consequently to support safe mobility...
March 31, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660967/a-call-for-implementing-preferred-practices-for-brain-injury-screening-in-youth-to-improve-transition
#13
Drew A Nagele, Melissa McCart, Stephen R Hooper
BACKGROUND: It is vital to engage in systematic screening to identify and serve children who may have sustained an acquired brain injury (ABI) - either traumatic or non-traumatic, so they can be successfully transitioned between environments and life stages. This is particularly important for children and adolescents given the impact an ABI can have on learning and social functioning over the course of the neurodevelopmental process. A pattern of repeated, undiagnosed mild brain injuries may lead to mood or behavior disorders, learning problems...
April 7, 2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660592/declining-trends-in-drug-dealing-among-adolescents-in-the-united-states
#14
Michael G Vaughn, Millan A AbiNader, Christopher P Salas-Wright, Sehun Oh, Katherine J Holzer
INTRODUCTION: The link between drug selling and other delinquent behaviors in adolescence is well established. Less is known regarding the trends in drug selling among youth in the US and whether they are consistent with the recently observed decline in problem behaviors among this population. METHODS: Data were collected between 2002 and 2015 as part of the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Participants included 233,435 US youth aged 12-17. The primary variable of interest was self-reported past year drug-selling...
April 9, 2018: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660278/transient-charge-and-energy-flow-in-the-wide-band-limit
#15
Fabio Covito, Florian G Eich, Riku Tuovinen, Michael A Sentef, Angel Rubio
The wide-band limit is a commonly used approximation to analyze transport through nanoscale devices. In this work we investigate its applicability to the study of charge and heat transport through molecular break junctions exposed to voltage biases and temperature gradients. We find by comparative simulations that while the wide-band-limit approximation faithfully describes the long-time charge and heat transport, it fails to characterize the short-time behavior of the junction. In particular, we show that the charge current flowing through the device shows a discontinuity when a temperature gradient is applied, while the energy flow is discontinuous when a voltage bias is switched on and even diverges when the junction is exposed to both a temperature gradient and a voltage bias...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Chemical Theory and Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659528/automated-quality-control-for-sensor-based-symptom-measurement-performed-outside-the-lab
#16
Reham Badawy, Yordan P Raykov, Luc J W Evers, Bastiaan R Bloem, Marjan J Faber, Andong Zhan, Kasper Claes, Max A Little
The use of wearable sensing technology for objective, non-invasive and remote clinimetric testing of symptoms has considerable potential. However, the accuracy achievable with such technology is highly reliant on separating the useful from irrelevant sensor data. Monitoring patient symptoms using digital sensors outside of controlled, clinical lab settings creates a variety of practical challenges, such as recording unexpected user behaviors. These behaviors often violate the assumptions of clinimetric testing protocols, where these protocols are designed to probe for specific symptoms...
April 16, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659296/mental-health-knowledge-and-training-needs-among-direct-care-workers-a-mixed-methods-study
#17
Candace Konnert, Vivian Huang, Barbara Pesut
OBJECTIVES: Direct care providers (DCWs) spend the most time with clients in the home, and as such, play an integral role in identifying mental health problems. However, DCWs receive little preparation in mental health and there is little research regarding their role in the mental health care of clients. The purpose of this study was to explore DCWs' knowledge, attitudes, and experiences of caring for clients with mental health problems from the perspectives of DCWs and key administrators (KAs)...
April 16, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659251/enhancing-strength-of-graphene-by-denser-grain-boundary
#18
Jie Xu, Guowen Yuan, Qi Zhu, Jiangwei Wang, Shan Tang, Libo Gao
From device application point of view, extreme mechanical strength of graphene is highly desirable. However, unavoidable polycrystalline nature of graphene films produced by chemical vapor deposition (CVD) leads to significant fluctuations in mechanical properties. Although the effects of atomic defects or grain boundaries (GBs) on mechanical strength have been widely studied and some modifications have been applied to enhance the stiffness of graphene, the problems of fragility as well as significantly reduced breaking strength arise...
April 16, 2018: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659046/polyethylene-glycol-treated-allografts-not-tissue-matched-nor-immunosuppressed-rapidly-repair-sciatic-nerve-gaps-maintain-neuromuscular-functions-and-restore-voluntary-behaviors-in-female-rats
#19
Michelle Mikesh, Cameron L Ghergherehchi, Sina Rahesh, Karthik Jagannath, Amir Ali, Dale R Sengelaub, Richard C Trevino, David M Jackson, Haley O Tucker, George D Bittner
Many publications report that ablations of segments of peripheral nerves produce the following unfortunate results: (1) Immediate loss of sensory signaling and motor control; (2) rapid Wallerian degeneration of severed distal axons within days; (3) muscle atrophy within weeks; (4) poor behavioral (functional) recovery after many months, if ever, by slowly-regenerating (∼1mm/d) axon outgrowths from surviving proximal nerve stumps; and (5) Nerve allografts to repair gap injuries are rejected, often even if tissue matched and immunosuppressed...
April 16, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29658930/preparation-and-high-temperature-anti-adhesion-behavior-of-a-slippery-surface-on-stainless-steel
#20
Pengfei Zhang, Chen Huawei, Guang Liu, Liwen Zhang, Deyuan Zhang
Anti-adhesion surfaces with high-temperature resistance have a wide application potential in electrosurgical instruments, engines, and pipelines. A typical anti-wetting superhydrophobic surface easily fails when exposed to a high-temperature liquid. Recently, Nepenthes-inspired slippery surfaces demonstrated a new way to solve the adhesion problem. A lubricant layer on the slippery surface can act as a barrier between the repelled materials and the surface structure. However, the slippery surfaces in previous studies rarely showed high-temperature resistance...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
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