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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239920/neuropsychiatric-symptoms-in-south-east-asian-patients-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia-prevalence-subtypes-and-risk-factors
#1
Chathuri Yatawara, Shaun Hiu, Laura Tan, Nagaendran Kandiah
BACKGROUND: The subtypes and risk factors of neuropsychiatric symptoms remain largely unexplored in South-East Asian populations. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the prevalence, subtypes, and risk factors, namely, demographic, medical morbidity, and cognitive impairment associated with neuropsychiatric symptoms in a South-East Asian cohort of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. METHODS: A clinical cohort of 38 MCI and 198 mild-moderate dementia patients were assessed using the Neuropsychiatric Inventory-Questionnaire...
February 27, 2017: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239835/fathers-infant-directed-speech-in-a-small-scale-society
#2
Tanya Broesch, Gregory A Bryant
When speaking to infants, mothers often alter their speech compared to how they speak to adults, but findings for fathers are mixed. This study examined interactions (N = 30) between fathers and infants (Mage  ± SD = 7.8 ± 4.3 months) in a small-scale society in Vanuatu and two urban societies in North America. Fundamental frequency (F0 ) and speech rate were measured in infant-directed and adult-directed speech. When speaking to infants, fathers in both groups increased their F0 range, yet only Vanuatu fathers increased their average F0 ...
February 27, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239254/adaptive-interventions-and-smart-designs-application-to-child-behavior-research-in-a-community-setting
#3
Kelley M Kidwell, Luke W Hyde
Heterogeneity between and within people necessitates the need for sequential personalized interventions to optimize individual outcomes. Personalized or adaptive interventions (AIs) are relevant for diseases and maladaptive behavioral trajectories when one intervention is not curative and success of a subsequent intervention may depend on individual characteristics or response. AIs may be applied to medical settings and to investigate best prevention, education, and community-based practices. AIs can begin with low-cost or low-burden interventions and followed with intensified or alternative interventions for those who need it most...
September 2016: American Journal of Evaluation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239201/immersogeometric-cardiovascular-fluid-structure-interaction-analysis-with-divergence-conforming-b-splines
#4
David Kamensky, Ming-Chen Hsu, Yue Yu, John A Evans, Michael S Sacks, Thomas J R Hughes
This paper uses a divergence-conforming B-spline fluid discretization to address the long-standing issue of poor mass conservation in immersed methods for computational fluid-structure interaction (FSI) that represent the influence of the structure as a forcing term in the fluid subproblem. We focus, in particular, on the immersogeometric method developed in our earlier work, analyze its convergence for linear model problems, then apply it to FSI analysis of heart valves, using divergence-conforming B-splines to discretize the fluid subproblem...
February 1, 2017: Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239011/the-changing-face-of-treatment-mental-health-concerns-and-integrated-care-in-an-hiv-clinic
#5
Eliot J Lopez, Thomas Toomey, Kimberly Lewis, Shirin Khazvand, Rebecca M Floyd, Kena R Arnold, Lara M Stepleman
Though advances in medical treatment have increased lifespans for those living with HIV, quality of life concerns often remain under-treated by health care providers. The integration of mental health services within the HIV medical setting can provide comprehensive care for patients, including brief screening, intervention, and appropriate follow-up. In this study, investigators examined mental health concerns identified during behavioral health screens at appointments in an Infectious Disease Clinic and compared them with previously published data from the same setting to assess changes in patient-reported problems...
2017: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238335/translation-and-validation-of-the-diabetes-eating-problem-survey-to-screen-eating-disorders-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Cintia Sancanuto, Diana Jiménez-Rodríguez, Francisco Javier Tébar, Juan José Hernández-Morante
INTRODUCTION: The treatment of type-1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) requires changes in patients' eating habits and lifestyles which could lead to the development of an eating disorder (ED). An early detection of these disorders in subjects with T1DM is necessary. However, there is no specific questionnaire concerning the presence of an ED in these patients. OBJECTIVES: To translate and validate for the Spanish population a specific questionnaire aimed at detecting the risk of onset of an ED on a sample of subjects with T1DM...
February 18, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238228/is-sedentary-behaviour-unhealthy-and-if-so-does-reducing-it-improve-this
#7
REVIEW
Shao-Hua Chin, Chanaka Kahathuduwa, Martin Binks
PURPOSE: To provide a qualitative synthesis of the available literature on the role of sedentary behavior in health. AIMS: We sought to determine if (i) being sedentary 'causes' health problems and (ii) interventions to reduce sedentary behavior improve health status. METHODS: PubMed and Google Scholar databases were utilized. Manuscripts published from 2001 to 2015 using specific keyword combinations (eg sedentary behavior, physical activity, sitting, intervention) were included and qualitatively reviewed...
February 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238208/ask-me-self-reported-features-of-adolescents-experiencing-neglect-or-emotional-maltreatment-a-rapid-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
A M Naughton, L E Cowley, V Tempest, S A Maguire, M K Mann, A M Kemp
BACKGROUND: Neglect is often overlooked in adolescence, due in part to assumptions about autonomy and misinterpretation of behaviors being part of normal adolescent development. Emotional maltreatment (abuse or neglect) has a damaging effect throughout the lifespan, but is rarely recognized amongst adolescents. Our review aims to identify features that adolescents experiencing neglect and/ or emotional maltreatment report. METHOD: A rapid review methodology searched 8 databases (1990-2014), supplemented by hand searching journals, and references, identifying 2,568 abstracts...
February 26, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238120/hiv-risk-behaviors-and-correlates-of-inconsistent-condom-use-among-substance-using-migrants-at-the-mexico-guatemala-border
#9
Erin E Conners, Kate Swanson, Sonia Morales-Miranda, Carmen Fernández Casanueva, Valerie J Mercer, Kimberly C Brouwer
This study assessed correlates of inconsistent condom use with casual partners and the prevalence of sexual risk behaviors and STIs in the Mexico/Guatemala border region using a sample of 392 migrants (303 men, 85 women) who reported current substance use or problem drinking. We ran separate univariate logistic regression models for men and women, and multivariate logistic regression models for men only. Prevalence of syphilis was 1.2% among women and 2.3% among men; HIV prevalence was 2.4% among women and 1...
February 25, 2017: AIDS and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238116/the-immune-system-cytokines-and-biomarkers-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#10
REVIEW
Anne Masi, Nicholas Glozier, Russell Dale, Adam J Guastella
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a pervasive neurodevelopmental condition characterized by variable impairments in communication and social interaction as well as restricted interests and repetitive behaviors. Heterogeneity of presentation is a hallmark. Investigations of immune system problems in ASD, including aberrations in cytokine profiles and signaling, have been increasing in recent times and are the subject of ongoing interest. With the aim of establishing whether cytokines have utility as potential biomarkers that may define a subgroup of ASD, or function as an objective measure of response to treatment, this review summarizes the role of the immune system, discusses the relationship between the immune system, the brain, and behavior, and presents previously-identified immune system abnormalities in ASD, specifically addressing the role of cytokines in these aberrations...
February 25, 2017: Neuroscience Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237761/disordered-lives-life-circumstances-and-clinical-characteristics-of-very-frequent-users-of-emergency-departments-for-primary-mental-health-complaints
#11
Xiangfei Meng, Tracy Muggli, Marilyn Baetz, Carl D'Arcy
This study explored the life circumstances and clinical characteristics of very frequent users of emergency departments (EDs) presenting with a primary mental health complaint. Patients with 10 or more EDs visits in 2012 with a primary psychiatric diagnosis in a Canadian regional health authority were identified from electronic administrative files. The hospital charts for these patients were thoroughly reviewed for a three-year period, from 2011 to 2013. A retrospective thematic analysis was undertaken. Very frequent users of EDs were generally young to early middle aged, unemployed, living in transient accommodations, having substance abuse diagnoses, and self-referred to EDs for a variety of psychiatric and health symptoms and/or unmet needs...
February 21, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237749/redox-sensitive-self-assembled-nanoparticles-based-on-alpha-tocopherol-succinate-modified-heparin-for-intracellular-delivery-of-paclitaxel
#12
Xiaoye Yang, Xiaoqing Cai, Aihua Yu, Yanwei Xi, Guangxi Zhai
To remedy the problems riddled in cancer chemotherapy, such as poor solubility, low selectivity, and insufficient intra-cellular release of drugs, novel heparin-based redox-sensitive polymeric nanoparticles were developed. The amphiphilic polymer, heparin-alpha-tocopherol succinate (Hep-cys-TOS) was synthesized by grafting hydrophobic TOS to heparin using cystamine as the redox-sensitive linker, which could self-assemble into nanoparticles in phosphate buffer saline (PBS) with low critical aggregation concentration (CAC) values ranging from 0...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237746/cognitive-behavioral-treatment-for-depressed-patients-with-alzheimer-s-disease-an-open-trial
#13
José María García-Alberca
BACKGROUND: Depression has a high prevalence among patients with Alzheimer's disease, and it has a significant negative impact on their functioning. However, despite its significant impact and challenge, few treatment outcomes data are available to guide clinical care of depression among this population. We developed a cognitive-behavioral intervention to persons with AD. In this paper, we describe the intervention and results of an open trial evaluating its feasibility and utility. SETTING: Dementia Unit...
February 14, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28237585/invited-review-determinants-of-farmers-adoption-of-management-based-strategies-for-infectious-disease-prevention-and-control
#14
Caroline Ritter, Jolanda Jansen, Steven Roche, David F Kelton, Cindy L Adams, Karin Orsel, Ron J Erskine, Geart Benedictus, Theo J G M Lam, Herman W Barkema
The prevention and control of endemic pathogens within and between farms often depends on the adoption of best management practices. However, farmers regularly do not adopt recommended measures or do not enroll in voluntary disease control programs. This indicates that a more comprehensive understanding of the influences and extension tools that affect farmers' management decisions is necessary. Based on a review of relevant published literature, we developed recommendations to support policy-makers, industry representatives, researchers, veterinarians, and other stakeholders when motivating farmers to adopt best management practices, and to facilitate the development and implementation of voluntary prevention and control programs for livestock diseases...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236860/effect-of-equipotent-doses-of-bupivacaine-and-ropivacaine-in-high-fat-diet-fed-neonatal-rodent-model
#15
Ying-Dong Lian, Zong-Xiang Chen, Kang-Ru Zhu, Shu-Yin Sun, Li-Ping Zhu
OBJECTIVES: The increase in the prevalence of obesity presents a significant health and economic problem. Obesity has been reported to be a major contributor to variety of chronic diseases. Childhood obesity has been rising over the past decades leading to various complications in health. Millions of infants and children undergo surgery every year on various health grounds. The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the effect of spinal anesthesia of equipotent doses of ropivacaine and bupivacaine on over-weight neonatal rats...
March 2017: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236729/parental-stress-pediatric-quality-of-life-and-behavior-at-baseline-and-one-year-follow-up-results-from-the-febstat-study
#16
Ruth C Shinnar, Shlomo Shinnar, Dale C Hesdorffer, Kathryn O'Hara, Terrie Conklin, Karen Mohler Cornett, Diana Miazga, Shumei Sun
: Febrile status epilepticus is a serious and frightening event in the life of the child and parent. It is regarded as a medical emergency with potential long lasting consequences. The purpose of this study was to look at the immediate and long term effects of such an event on parental stress and parents' perception of their child's physical and psychosocial wellbeing. METHODS: From 2003 to 2010, 199 subjects, age 1 month to 5 years, were recruited as part of a prospective, multicenter study (FEBSTAT) of consequences of febrile status epilepticus (FSE)...
February 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236726/the-influence-of-epilepsy-on-children-s-perception-of-self-concept
#17
Flora Lopes Scatolini, Karina Piccin Zanni, Luzia Iara Pfeifer
The diagnosis of epilepsy can lead to changes in the patient's perception due to factors such as learning and behavioral problems, lack of academic motivation, and low self-esteem. This study aimed to evaluate and compare the knowledge of self-concept in children with epilepsy and those with typical development and verify whether gender and age influence this perception. Eighty children of both sexes, aged between 8 and 14years, participated in this study. The children were divided into two groups: the epilepsy group, which consisted of 40 children diagnosed with epilepsy, and the control group, which consisted of 40 children with typical development and comparable to group 1 according to sex and age...
February 22, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236315/impact-of-a-support-group-for-the-caregivers-at-an-orphanage-in-turkey
#18
Zeynep Çatay, Dilşad Koloğlugil
This study examined the effectiveness of a 20-session training and supervision support group for caregivers working at an orphanage in Istanbul. The support group's goals were to promote sensitive and responsive caregiving in an institutional setting, to decrease the stress level of the caregivers, and to increase the quality of the relationship between caregivers and children. Thirty-six children (15-37 months) and 24 caregivers participated in this study. Comparison of the pre- and posttest measures of the caregiver intervention and control groups indicated that the intervention yielded successful outcomes...
February 25, 2017: Infant Mental Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236301/a-view-from-the-animal-kingdom
#19
Alexander Weiss
Given their backgrounds in classical ethology and in comparative psychology, animal personality in biology and psychology, respectively, differ in how they measure personality, what questions they see as important, and how they address these questions. Despite these differences, both comparative psychologists and biologists embrace personality traits. By doing so they have solved empirical and conceptual problems in animal behavior. Studies of animal personality have provided answers to questions about the evolution of human personality and have presented conceptual and empirical anomalies for sociocognitive theories...
February 25, 2017: Journal of Personality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236128/socioeconomic-status-and-bone-mineral-density-in-adults-by-race-ethnicity-and-gender-the-louisiana-osteoporosis-study
#20
Y Du, L-J Zhao, Q Xu, K-H Wu, H-W Deng
: Low bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis have become a public health problem. We found that non-Hispanic white, black, and Asian adults with extremely low education and personal income are more likely to have lower BMD. This relationship is gender-specific. These findings are valuable to guide bone health interventions. INTRODUCTION: The evidence is limited regarding the relationship between socioeconomic status (SES) and bone mineral density (BMD) for minority populations in the USA, as well as the relationship between SES and BMD for men...
February 24, 2017: Osteoporosis International
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