keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Behavioral problems

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449389/mindfulness-training-for-parents-of-children-with-special-needs-guidance-for-nurses-in-mental-health-practice
#1
Manika Petcharat, Patricia Liehr
PROBLEM: Parents of children with special needs encounter specific challenges in carrying out their caregiving roles. They experience difficulty accepting their children due to unrealistically high expectations. Mindfulness training (MT) may increase parental psychological well-being and acceptance. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to examine the evidence-base for the effectiveness of MT in enhancing psychological well-being for parents of children with special needs as a foundation for guidance for nurses in mental health practice...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449303/brief-intervention-physical-exercise-and-cognitive-behavioural-group-therapy-for-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain-the-cins-trial
#2
A Harris, T F Moe, H R Eriksen, T Tangen, S A Lie, T H Tveito, S E Reme
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Cognitive-behavioural treatments (CBT) and physical group exercise (PE) have both shown promising effects in reducing disability and increasing work participation among chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients. A brief cognitive intervention (BI) has previously been demonstrated to reduce work disability in CLBP. The aim of this study was to test if the effect of BI could be further increased by adding either group CBT or group PE. METHODS: A total of 214 patients, all sick listed 2-10 months due to CLBP, were randomized to BI (n = 99), BI + group CBT (n = 55) or BI + group PE (n = 60)...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448815/spanking-and-subsequent-behavioral-problems-in-toddlers-a-propensity-score-matched-prospective-study-in-japan
#3
Sakurako Okuzono, Takeo Fujiwara, Tsuguhiko Kato, Ichiro Kawachi
Harsh or frequent spanking in early childhood is an established risk factor for later childhood behavioral problems as well as mental disorder in adulthood in Western societies. However, few studies have been conducted in Asian populations, where corporal punishment is relatively accepted. Moreover, the impacts of occasional spanking on subsequent behavioral problems remain uncertain. This study sought to investigate prospectively the association between the frequency of spanking of toddlers and later behavioral problems in Japanese children using national birth cohort data...
April 24, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448775/exploring-electronic-medical-record-and-self-administered-medication-risk-screening-tools-in-a-primary-care-clinic
#4
Mark J Makowsky, Ken Cor, Tat Wong
BACKGROUND: Electronic medical record (EMR) screening for indicators of medication risk could improve efficiency in identifying primary care clinic patients in need of clinical pharmacist care compared with patient self-reporting. OBJECTIVES: To (a) compare the performance of an EMR medication risk assessment questionnaire (MRAQ) with a self-administered (SA) MRAQ and (b) explore each tool's ability to predict indicators of health behavior, health status, and health care utilization...
May 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448608/more-intelligent-extraverts-are-more-likely-to-deceive
#5
Justyna Sarzyńska, Marcel Falkiewicz, Monika Riegel, Justyna Babula, Daniel S Margulies, Edward Nęcka, Anna Grabowska, Iwona Szatkowska
The tendency to lie is a part of personality. But are personality traits the only factors that make some people lie more often than others? We propose that cognitive abilities have equal importance. People with higher cognitive abilities are better, and thus more effective liars. This might reinforce using lies to solve problems. Yet, there is no empirical research that shows this relationship in healthy adults. Here we present three studies in which the participants had free choice about their honesty. We related differences in cognitive abilities and personality to the odds of lying...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448482/diabetes-self-management-education-programs-in-nonmetropolitan-counties-united-states-2016
#6
Stephanie A Rutledge, Svetlana Masalovich, Rachel J Blacher, Magon M Saunders
PROBLEM/CONDITION: Diabetes self-management education (DSME) is a clinical practice intended to improve preventive practices and behaviors with a focus on decision-making, problem-solving, and self-care. The distribution and correlates of established DSME programs in nonmetropolitan counties across the United States have not been previously described, nor have the characteristics of the nonmetropolitan counties with DSME programs. REPORTING PERIOD: July 2016. DESCRIPTION OF SYSTEMS: DSME programs recognized by the American Diabetes Association or accredited by the American Association of Diabetes Educators (i...
April 28, 2017: MMWR. Surveillance Summaries: Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Surveillance Summaries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448244/perceptions-of-disordered-eating-and-associated-help-seeking-in-young-women
#7
Annamaria J McAndrew, Rosanne Menna
Disordered eating is common among young women, but rates of help-seeking are remarkably low. Studies attempting to understand how disordered eating is perceived by young women have exposed participants to fictional vignettes that describe characters exhibiting eating pathologies, and assessed beliefs about the women's issues. These studies have informed our understanding of how young women perceive disordered eating in other women, but do not address the question of how disordered eating is perceived in oneself...
April 27, 2017: Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447836/the-goldilocks-contract-the-synergistic-benefits-of-combining-structure-and-autonomy-for-persistence-creativity-and-cooperation
#8
Eileen Y Chou, Nir Halevy, Adam D Galinsky, J Keith Murnighan
Contracts are commonly used to regulate a wide range of interactions and relationships. Yet relying on contracts as a mechanism of control often comes at a cost to motivation. Integrating theoretical perspectives from psychology, economics, and organizational theory, we explore this control-motivation dilemma inherent in contracts and present the Contract-Autonomy-Motivation-Performance-Structure (CAMPS) model, which highlights the synergistic benefits of combining structure and autonomy. The model proposes that subtle reductions in the specificity of a contract's language can boost autonomy, which increases intrinsic motivation and improves a range of desirable behaviors...
April 27, 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447806/blame-coping-and-psychosocial-outcomes-in-caregivers-of-individuals-with-brain-injury
#9
Samantha DeDios-Stern, Eun-Jeong Lee
OBJECTIVE: Acquired brain injury (ABI) is associated with many physical and psychiatric conditions. Oftentimes, the individual's family members are responsible for providing long-term care, leaving caregivers vulnerable to negative effects of caregiving including stress, depression, and decreased quality of life. Attribution theory suggests that caregivers may blame the individual with the ABI for their injury as a way to understand their own circumstances. The objective of this study was to investigate caregiver coping strategies as possible mediators between caregiver family member blame and caregiver psychosocial outcomes among caregivers of individuals with ABI...
April 27, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447335/positive-alcohol-expectancies-mediate-associations-between-adhd-behaviors-and-alcohol-related-problems-among-college-students
#10
Alexis Elmore, Molly Nikolas, Will Canu
An increasing percentage of college students report being affected by ADHD behaviors, and this population is at increased risk of experiencing negative consequences associated with alcohol consumption. However, specific factors motivating alcohol consumption and contributing to negative outcomes among these individuals are not well understood. Recent work suggests alcohol expectancies may interact with ADHD behaviors to influence negative drinking-related outcomes among those with elevated inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity...
April 26, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447288/understanding-the-relationship-between-subjective-wellbeing-and-gambling-behavior
#11
Lisa Farrell
This paper examines the relationship between gambling behavior and subjective wellbeing. It is often asserted that populations consist of different types of gamblers: those for whom gambling is a harmless leisure activity and those (pathological/problem gamblers) for whom the activity has harmful effects. One might, therefore, assume that subjective wellbeing will be negativity associated with an individual's level of gambling addiction. Alternatively, gamblers may choose to gamble because they derive utility from participating in this activity and so the relationship between happiness and gambling might be positively correlated...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447217/swallowing-disorders-in-schizophrenia
#12
REVIEW
Deepika P Kulkarni, Vandan D Kamath, Jonathan T Stewart
Disorders of swallowing are poorly characterized but quite common in schizophrenia. They are a source of considerable morbidity and mortality in this population, generally as a result of either acute asphyxia from airway obstruction or more insidious aspiration and pneumonia. The death rate from acute asphyxia may be as high as one hundred times that of the general population. Most swallowing disorders in schizophrenia seem to fall into one of two categories, changes in eating and swallowing due to the illness itself and changes related to psychotropic medications...
April 26, 2017: Dysphagia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447101/development-and-use-of-a-clinical-decision-support-tool-for-behavioral-health-screening-in-primary-care-clinics
#13
Timothy E Burdick, Rodger S Kessler
OBJECTIVE: Screening, brief intervention, and referral for treatment (SBIRT) for behavioral health (BH) is a key clinical process. SBIRT tools in electronic health records (EHR) are infrequent and rarely studied. Our goals were 1) to design and implement SBIRT using clinical decision support (CDS) in a commercial EHR; and 2) to conduct a pragmatic evaluation of the impact of the tools on clinical outcomes. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team designed SBIRT workflows and CDS tools...
April 26, 2017: Applied Clinical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445790/improving-insomnia-in-primary-care-patients-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-nurse-led-group-treatment
#14
Christina Sandlund, Jerker Hetta, Gunnar H Nilsson, Mirjam Ekstedt, Jeanette Westman
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a common health problem, and most people who seek help for insomnia consult primary care. In primary care, insomnia treatment typically consists of hypnotic drugs, although cognitive behavioral therapy for insomnia is the recommended treatment. However, such treatment is currently available to few primary care patients. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a group treatment program for insomnia led by nurses in primary care. OUTCOMES: were the Insomnia Severity Index, a 2-week sleep diary, and a questionnaire on frequency of hypnotic drug use...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444680/-disability-after-stroke-a-longitudinal-study-in-moderate-and-severe-stroke-patients-included-in-a-multidisciplinary-rehabilitation-program
#15
E Noe-Sebastian, M Balasch-Bernat, C Colomer-Font, B Moliner-Munoz, C Rodriguez Sanchez-Leiva, P Ugart, R Llorens, J Ferri-Campos
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is a recognized cause of disability among adults. However the impact that the deficits that occur after a moderate/severe stroke have on long-term disability, as well as the response of the resultant deficits to rehabilitation, are not completely understood. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 396 patients with a modified Rankin score >= 3 after an ischemic (n = 221) or hemorrhagic (n = 175) stroke were included in this study. All patients were assessed with cognitive, behavior, emotional, motor and functional domains...
May 1, 2017: Revista de Neurologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444586/cereal-phytases-and-their-importance-in-improvement-of-micronutrients-bioavailability
#16
REVIEW
Amit Vashishth, Sewa Ram, Vikas Beniwal
Phytic acid is a main reservoir of phosphorous (P) in plants and contributes to about 80% of the total P in cereal seeds. However, it is well known to possess anti-nutritional behavior. Because it has strong affinity to chelate divalent ions e.g. calcium, magnesium, and especially with iron and zinc. Therefore, it is extremely poor as a dietary source of P. To enhance bio-availability of micronutrients, an enzyme namely phytase is known to hydrolyze phytic acid. Unfortunately, phytase is not produced in the stomach of monogastric animals and humans...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444215/behavioral-and-pharmacological-adherence-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease-parent-child-agreement-and-family-factors-associated-with-adherence
#17
Page H Klitzman, Julia K Carmody, Mary H Belkin, David M Janicke
This study aimed to evaluate agreement between children and parents on a measure of behavioral and pharmacological adherence in children with sickle cell disease (SCD), and the associations among family factors (i.e., problem-solving skills, routines, communication) and adherence behaviors. In all, 85 children (aged 8-18 years) with SCD and their parents completed questionnaires assessing individual and family factors. Overall parent-child agreement on an adherence measure was poor, particularly for boys and older children...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444026/use-of-pharmacy-records-to-measure-treatment-adherence-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#18
Elisangela da Costa Lima-Dellamora, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro, Livia Gonçalves Dos Santos Lima Madruga, Thiago Botelho Azeredo
The current frame of reference on adherence to pharmacotherapy includes a set of behaviors experienced by the user, with observation of the detailed and continuous history of the use of each dose of the medication. Indicators based on pharmacy records have been used to measure adherence. The current review aimed to identify and describe indicators based on pharmacy records and to discuss their adequacy and limitations for measuring adherence. An exploratory literature review was conducted in three databases using the terms "adherence", "pharmacy records/administrative data", and "measure" to compose the descriptors for the selection of 81 articles and the elaboration of a chart with the denomination, sources, methods for calculation, description, and interpretation of the operational and referential meaning of 14 indicators...
April 20, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443997/-maternal-mental-health-a-risk-factor-affecting-the-social-and-emotional-well-being-of-mexican-children
#19
César Villaseñor, Jaqueline Calderón Hernández, Efraín Gaytán, Silvia Romero, Fernando Díaz-Barriga
Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of symptoms of depression and anxiety in mothers from three population areas in the state of San Luis Potosí, Mexico, and to analyze the association between these symptoms and the emotional health of their children. Methods: Assessment was conducted on 173 mother-child pairs from three different population areas: urban, rural, and indigenous rural. Women's symptoms of depression and anxiety were evaluated, together with their children's behavioral problems...
April 20, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443477/psychotherapist-trainees-professional-self-doubt-and-negative-personal-reaction-changes-during-cognitive-behavioral-therapy-and-association-with-patient-progress
#20
Patrizia Odyniec, Thomas Probst, Jürgen Margraf, Ulrike Willutzki
OBJECTIVE: This study examined psychotherapist trainees' experiences of "professional self-doubt" (PSD) and "negative personal reaction" (NPR) during cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and their associations with patients' symptoms and interpersonal problems. METHOD: Forty therapists treating 621 patients were analyzed. Patients' symptoms and interpersonal problems were collected repeatedly during therapy. Data about patients' interpersonal problems were available only for 106 patients and 18 therapists...
April 26, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
keyword
keyword
51285
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"