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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719830/relationship-between-psychological-inflexibility-and-experiential-avoidance-and-internet-addiction-mediating-effects-of-mental-health-problems
#1
Wei-Po Chou, Kun-Hua Lee, Chih-Hung Ko, Tai-Ling Liu, Ray C Hsiao, Hsiu-Fen Lin, Cheng-Fang Yen
Internet addiction became a major mental health problem in college student. Our objective was to examine the relationship between psychological inflexibility and experiential avoidance (PIEA) and Internet addiction (IA) and the mediating effects of mental health problem indicators. 500 college students (238 men and 262 women) participated in this study. The level of PIEA was examined using the Acceptance and Action Questionnaire-II. The severity of IA was assessed using the Chen Internet Addiction Scale. The levels of depression, anxiety, interpersonal sensitivity, and hostility were evaluated using the Symptom Checklist-90 item-Revised Scale...
July 11, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719808/activated-neuro-oxidative-and-neuro-nitrosative-pathways-at-the-end-of-term-are-associated-with-inflammation-and-physio-somatic-and-depression-symptoms-while-predicting-outcome-characteristics-in-mother-and-baby
#2
Chutima Roomruangwong, Decio Sabbatini Barbosa, Andressa Keiko Matsumoto, André de Souza Nogueira, Buranee Kanchanatawan, Sunee Sirivichayakul, André F Carvalho, Sebastien Duleu, Michel Geffard, Estefania Gastaldello Moreira, Michael Maes
OBJECTIVES: To examine oxidative & nitrosative stress (O&NS) biomarkers at the end of term in relation to perinatal affective symptoms, neuro-immune biomarkers and pregnancy-related outcome variables. METHODS: We measured plasma advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), total radical trapping antioxidant parameter (TRAP), -sulfhydryl (-SH), peroxides (LOOH) and paraoxonase (PON)1 activity in pregnant women with and without prenatal depression and non-pregnant controls...
July 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719258/impact-of-a-food-safety-campaign-on-streptococcus-suis-infection-in-humans-in-thailand
#3
Dan Takeuchi, Anusak Kerdsin, Yukihiro Akeda, Piphat Chiranairadul, Phacharaphan Loetthong, Nutchada Tanburawong, Prasanee Areeratana, Panarat Puangmali, Kasean Khamisara, Wirasinee Pinyo, Rapeepun Anukul, Sutit Samerchea, Punpong Lekhalula, Tatsuya Nakayama, Kouji Yamamoto, Masayo Hirose, Shigeyuki Hamada, Surang Dejsirilert, Kazunori Oishi
AbstractStreptococcus suis is an important zoonotic pathogen in swine and humans that causes sepsis and meningitis. Our previous study in Thailand showed that the prevalence of S. suis infection in humans, especially in northern areas of Thailand, and the transmission of the pathogen occurred mainly through the consumption of traditional raw pork products. Considering the high incidence proportion and mortality rate of the disease as an important public health problem, we implemented a food safety campaign in the Phayao Province in northern Thailand in 2011...
June 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719247/telehealth-in-schools-using-a-systematic-educational-model-based-on-fiction-screenplays-interactive-documentaries-and-three-dimensional-computer-graphics
#4
Diogo Julien Miranda, Chao Lung Wen
BACKGROUND: Preliminary studies suggest the need of a global vision in academic reform, leading to education re-invention. This would include problem-based education using transversal topics, developing of thinking skills, social interaction, and information-processing skills. We aimed to develop a new educational model in health with modular components to be broadcast and applied as a tele-education course. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We developed a systematic model based on a "Skills and Goals Matrix" to adapt scientific contents on fictional screenplays, three-dimensional (3D) computer graphics of the human body, and interactive documentaries...
July 18, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718969/child-and-family-related-predictors-of-psychological-outcomes-in-children-adopted-from-abroad-what-is-the-role-of-caregiver-time
#5
Niina Rita, Marko Elovainio, Hanna Raaska, Pekka Lahti-Nuuttila, Jaakko Matomäki, Jari Sinkkonen, Helena Lapinleimu
International adoptees need to cope with stressful transitions and to develop secure attachment with their caregivers at the same time. Although most children adopted from abroad adjust fine, they are at increased risk of psychological problems. We investigated whether both child and family-related factors are associated with later psychological problems and whether the length of time spent at home after adoption before daycare moderates these associations among internationally adopted children in Finland (FinAdo, Finnish Adoption Study)...
August 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718883/gelation-kinetics-and-characterization-of-enzymatically-enhanced-fish-scales-gelatin-pectin-coacervate
#6
Tao Huang, Zong-Cai Tu, Xinchen Shangguan, Hui Wang, Hainan-Zhang, Lu Zhang, Xiaomei Sha
BACKGROUND: Protein - polysaccharide complex coacervations have been considered extensively for the development of functional foods. The main problem of the complex coacervates is high unstable under different conditions and that cross-linking is necessary to stabilize them. In this study, the effects of pectin at different concentrations on the gel and structural properties of fish scales gelatin (FSG) - high methoxyl citrus pectin (HMP) coacervate enhanced by microbial-transglutanminase (MTGase) were studied...
July 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718221/multidimensional-assessment-of-quality-of-life-of-children-and-problems-of-parents-in-indian-society-after-pediatric-renal-transplant-beyond-the-conventional-thoughts
#7
Priyank Yadav, Sandeep Nunia, Ankur Bansal, Sanjoy K Sureka, Rahul Jena, Mohd Sualeh Ansari, Aneesh Srivastava
This study evaluated multidimensional QoL after renal transplant to find the physical, psychosocial, and economic issues after pediatric transplant. Sixty-two patients under the age of 18 at the time of assessment were asked to complete WHOQOL questionnaires. Assessment of behavioral, emotional status of child, problems of parents, and SEC of family were also performed. The beneficial effect of transplantation was observed across all domains of QoL (physical, psychological, social, environmental, and overall QoL)...
July 17, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716728/cytochrome-p450-3a-selectively-affects-the-pharmacokinetic-interaction-between-erlotinib-and-docetaxel-in-rats
#8
Xuan Qin, Jian Lu, Peili Wang, Peipei Xu, Mingyao Liu, Xin Wang
Erlotinib as a first-line drug is used in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with sensitive EGFR mutations, while resistance to this drug will occur after several years of treatment. Therefore, the microtubule disturber docetaxel is introduced as combined regimen in clinical trials. This report investigated the potentials and mechanisms of drug-drug interaction (DDI) between erlotinib and docetaxel using wild type (WT) and Cyp3a1/2 knockout (KO) rats. The erlotinib O-demethylation and docetaxel hydroxylation reactions in the absence or the presence of another drug were analyzed in vitro via the assay of rat liver microsomes...
July 14, 2017: Biochemical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716560/integrated-mental-health-training-for-pediatric-and-psychology-trainees-using-standardized-patient-encounters
#9
Sandra H Jee, Constance Baldwin, Rita Dadiz, Marybeth Jones, Linda Alpert-Gillis
Primary care pediatricians and psychology practitioners who co-manage mental health problems can develop interdisciplinary communication and collaborative skills from joint standardized patient encounters and debriefings, combined with brief didactics. Learners demonstrated increased confidence in shared management of behavior health problems.
July 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715786/background-lead-and-mercury-exposures-psychological-and-behavioral-problems-in-children
#10
Brooks B Gump, Matthew J Dykas, James A MacKenzie, Amy K Dumas, Bryce Hruska, Craig K Ewart, Patrick J Parsons, Christopher D Palmer, Kestutis Bendinskas
BACKGROUND: The potential harm from exposure to nonessential metals, particularly mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb), has been the focus of research for years. Initial interest focused on relatively high exposures; however, recent evidence suggests that even background exposures might have adverse consequences for child development. Identifying the extent of these consequences is now a priority. METHODS: We assessed blood Pb and Hg levels in a biracial sample of 9-11 year-old children (N = 203)...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715785/prenatal-exposure-estimation-of-bpa-and-dehp-using-integrated-external-and-internal-dosimetry-a-case-study
#11
M A Martínez, J Rovira, R Prasad Sharma, M Nadal, M Schuhmacher, V Kumar
Prenatal exposure to Endocrine disruptors (EDs), such as Bisphenol A (BPA) and di (2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP), has been associated with obesity and diabetes diseases in childhood, as well as reproductive, behavioral and neurodevelopment problems. The aim of this study was to estimate the prenatal exposure to BPA and DEHP through food consumption for pregnant women living in Tarragona County (Spain). Probabilistic calculations of prenatal exposure were estimated by integrated external and internal dosimetry modelling, physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model, using a Monte-Carlo simulation...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715698/acculturative-stress-as-a-moderator-of-the-effect-of-drinking-motives-on-alcohol-use-and-problems-among-young-adults
#12
Bridgid Mariko Conn, Kida Ejesi, Dawn W Foster
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a strong relationship between drinking motives and alcohol use among young adult populations. Further, there is substantial evidence of the association between psychosocial stressors and greater alcohol consumption. In the present study, we examined whether acculturative stress would moderate the relationship between major drinking motives and alcohol use behaviors and alcohol-related problems, and whether this relationship differs by racial/ethnic group...
June 30, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715693/recommender-system-based-on-scarce-information-mining
#13
Wei Lu, Fu-Lai Chung, Kunfeng Lai, Liang Zhang
Guessing what user may like is now a typical interface for video recommendation. Nowadays, the highly popular user generated content sites provide various sources of information such as tags for recommendation tasks. Motivated by a real world online video recommendation problem, this work targets at the long tail phenomena of user behavior and the sparsity of item features. A personalized compound recommendation framework for online video recommendation called Dirichlet mixture probit model for information scarcity (DPIS) is hence proposed...
May 31, 2017: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715663/a-laboratory-model-of-impulsivity-and-alcohol-use-in-late-adolescence
#14
Matthew J Gullo, Natalie J Loxton, Therese Price, Joanne Voisey, Ross McD Young, Jason P Connor
Impulsivity is a core characteristic of externalizing problems and a robust predictor of alcohol use in adolescence. There is little evidence on the causal mechanisms through which impulsivity influences drinking or how they are affected by key social factors (peer influence). This study reports the development of the first comprehensive laboratory model of adolescent impulsivity and alcohol use. One-hundred and twenty adolescents (50% female) of legal drinking age (M = 19.47 years, SD = 1.12) in Australia (18+ years) were subjected to 1 of 3 experimental manipulations to increase impulsive behavior (reward cue exposure, negative mood induction, ego depletion)...
July 8, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715478/loneliness-is-adversely-associated-with-physical-and-mental-health-and-lifestyle-factors-results-from-a-swiss-national-survey
#15
Aline Richard, Sabine Rohrmann, Caroline L Vandeleur, Margareta Schmid, Jürgen Barth, Monika Eichholzer
INTRODUCTION: Loneliness is a common, emotionally distressing experience and is associated with adverse physical and mental health and an unhealthy lifestyle. Nevertheless, little is known about the prevalence of loneliness in different age groups in Switzerland. Furthermore, the existing evidence about age and gender as potential effect modifiers of the associations between loneliness, physical and mental health and lifestyle characteristics warrants further investigation. Thus, the aim of the study was to examine the prevalence of loneliness among adults in Switzerland and to assess the associations of loneliness with several physical and mental health and behavioral factors, as well as to assess the modifying effect of sex and age...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715328/recovery-of-damped-exponentials-using-structured-low-rank-matrix-completion
#16
Arvind Balachandrasekaran, Vincent Magnotta, Mathews Jacob
We introduce a structured low rank matrix completion algorithm to recover a series of images from their undersampled measurements, where the signal along the parameter dimension at every pixel is described by a linear combination of exponentials. We exploit the exponential behavior of the signal at every pixel, along with the spatial smoothness of the exponential parameters to derive an annihilation relation in the Fourier domain. This relation translates to a low-rank property on a structured matrix constructed from the Fourier samples...
July 14, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714839/the-psychotherapy-outcome-problem-the-development-of-the-outcome-stability-index
#17
Jesse Owen, Joanna M Drinane, Jill L Adelson, Mark Kopta
OBJECTIVE: Psychotherapy research commonly utilizes clients' last session score as an indicator of treatment outcome. We examined whether this last session score is consistent with what would be predicted based on clients' general trajectory in psychological functioning across sessions. We focused on the unstandardized residual variance at the last session, as this represents the degree to which the session score is divergent (or not) from what is predicted from the previous sessions (i...
July 17, 2017: Psychotherapy Research: Journal of the Society for Psychotherapy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714772/can-typical-us-home-visits-affect-infant-attachment-preliminary-findings-from-a-randomized-trial-of-healthy-families-durham
#18
Lisa J Berlin, Tiffany L Martoccio, Karen Appleyard Carmody, W Benjamin Goodman, Karen O'Donnell, Janis Williams, Robert A Murphy, Kenneth A Dodge
US government-funded early home visiting services are expanding significantly. The most widely implemented home visiting models target at-risk new mothers and their infants. Such home visiting programs typically aim to support infant-parent relationships; yet, such programs' effects on infant attachment quality per se are as yet untested. Given these programs' aims, and the crucial role of early attachments in human development, it is important to understand attachment processes in home visited families. The current, preliminary study examined 94 high-risk mother-infant dyads participating in a randomized evaluation of the Healthy Families Durham (HFD) home visiting program...
July 17, 2017: Attachment & Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714713/promoting-transparency-and-reproducibility-in-behavioral-neuroscience-publishing-replications-registered-reports-and-null-results
#19
Mark G Baxter, Rebecca D Burwell
The editors of Behavioral Neuroscience have been discussing several recent developments in the landscape of scientific publishing. The discussion was prompted, in part, by reported issues of reproducibility and concerns about the integrity of the scientific literature. Although enhanced rigor and transparency in science are certainly important, a related issue is that increased competition and focus on novel findings has impeded the extent to which the scientific process is cumulative. We have decided to join the growing number of journals that are adopting new reviewing and publishing practices to address these problems...
August 2017: Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714604/antidepressants-antipsychotics-and-mood-stabilizers-in-pregnancy-what-do-we-know-and-how-should-we-treat-pregnant-women-with-depression
#20
REVIEW
Asher Ornoy, Liza Weinstein-Fudim, Zivanit Ergaz
Depression is generally treated with antidepressants, but may often need antipsychotics and mood stabilizers. We discuss the updated data regarding the safety in pregnancy of antidepressants and antipsychotics, except selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, and their possible impact on the long-term development of the offspring. Several earlier studies demonstrated a slight increase in the rate of major anomalies following maternal tricyclic antidepressant treatment, but most current literature shows their relative safety in pregnancy...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
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