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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232379/comparison-of-nalbuphine-and-sufentanil-for-colonoscopy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Chaoyi Deng, Xiao Wang, Qianmei Zhu, Yanming Kang, Jinlin Yang, Heng Wang
OBJECTIVES: Nalbuphine is as effective as morphine as a perioperative analgesic but has not been compared directly with sufentanil in clinical trials. The aims of this study were to compare the efficacy and safety of nalbuphine with that of sufentanil in patients undergoing colonoscopy and to determine the optimal doses of nalbuphine in this indication. METHODS: Two hundred and forty consecutive eligible patients aged 18-65 years with an American Society of Anesthesiologists classification of I-II and scheduled for colonoscopy were randomly allocated to receive sufentanil 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232108/biocompatible-electroactive-tetra-aniline-conjugated-peptide-nanofibers-for-neural-differentiation
#2
Idil Arioz, Ozlem Erol, Gokhan Bakan, F Begum Dikecoglu, Ahmet Emin Topal, Mustafa Urel, Aykutlu Dana, Ayse B Tekinay, Mustafa O Guler
Peripheral nerve injuries cause devastating problems for the quality of the patients' lives and regeneration following a damage to the peripheral nervous system is limited depending on the degree of the damage. Use of nanobiomaterials can provide therapeutic approaches for the treatment of peripheral nerve injuries. Electroactive biomaterials, in particular, can provide a promising cure for the regeneration of nerve defects. Here, a supramolecular electroactive nanosystem with tetra(aniline) (TA) containing peptide nanofibers was developed and utilized for nerve regeneration...
December 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231914/determinants-of-late-life-depression-in-residents-of-long-term-care-facility
#3
Urszula Horwath, Katarzyna Szczerbińska
Mental disorders, such as dementia and depression, are beside chronic somatic diseases, the most common problem in residents of longterm care facilities (LTCF). Late-life depression refers to depressive symptoms that arise in adults older than 65 years. According to literature review, older people tend to differ from middle-aged adults in presentation of depression. AIM: Mental disorders, such as dementia and depression, are beside chronic somatic diseases, the most common problem in residents of longterm care facilities (LTCF)...
November 23, 2017: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230589/physical-parameter-estimation-from-porcine-ex-vivo-vocal-fold-dynamics-in-an-inverse-problem-framework
#4
Pablo Gómez, Anne Schützenberger, Stefan Kniesburges, Christopher Bohr, Michael Döllinger
This study presents a framework for a direct comparison of experimental vocal fold dynamics data to a numerical two-mass-model (2MM) by solving the corresponding inverse problem of which parameters lead to similar model behavior. The introduced 2MM features improvements such as a variable stiffness and a modified collision force. A set of physiologically sensible degrees of freedom is presented, and three optimization algorithms are compared on synthetic vocal fold trajectories. Finally, a total of 288 high-speed video recordings of six excised porcine larynges were optimized to validate the proposed framework...
December 11, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229006/children-of-parents-with-a-history-of-depression-the-impact-of-a-preventive-intervention-on-youth-social-problems-through-reductions-in-internalizing-problems
#5
Nicole Lafko Breslend, Justin Parent, Rex Forehand, Virginia Peisch, Bruce E Compas
The current investigation examined if changes in youth internalizing problems as a result of a family group cognitive behavioral (FGCB) preventive intervention for families with a parent with a history of depression had a cascade effect on youth social problems over 24 months and the bidirectional nature of these effects. One hundred eighty families with a parent with a history of major depressive disorder (M age = 41.96; 88.9% mothers) and a youth age 9 to 15 years (49.4% females; M age = 11.46) participated...
December 12, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227790/interpersonal-and-intrapersonal-emotional-processes-in-individuals-treated-for-alcohol-use-disorder-and-non-addicted-healthy-individuals
#6
Maciej Kopera, Elisa M Trucco, Andrzej Jakubczyk, Hubert Suszek, Aneta Michalska, Aleksandra Majewska, Natalia Szejko, Agata Łoczewska, Aleksandra Krasowska, Anna Klimkiewicz, Kirk J Brower, Robert A Zucker, Marcin Wojnar
INTRODUCTION: Prior work largely confirms the presence of various emotional processing deficits among individuals with an alcohol use disorder (AUD); however, their specificity and relevance still warrant investigation. The aim of the current study was to compare selected aspects of emotional processing (i.e., mental state recognition, alexithymia, and emotional intelligence) between individuals treated for an AUD and healthy individuals. METHODS: The AUD sample consisted of 92 abstinent men with AUD who were participating in an 8-week inpatient abstinence-based treatment program in Warsaw, Poland...
December 5, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227723/interventions-to-address-sexual-problems-in-people-with-cancer-american-society-of-clinical-oncology-clinical-practice-guideline-adaptation-of-cancer-care-ontario-guideline
#7
Jeanne Carter, Christina Lacchetti, Barbara L Andersen, Debra L Barton, Sage Bolte, Shari Damast, Michael A Diefenbach, Katherine DuHamel, Judith Florendo, Patricia A Ganz, Shari Goldfarb, Sigrun Hallmeyer, David M Kushner, Julia H Rowland
Purpose The adaptation of the Cancer Care Ontario (CCO) guideline Interventions to Address Sexual Problems in People With Cancer provides recommendations to manage sexual function adverse effects that occur as a result of cancer diagnosis and/or treatment. Methods ASCO staff reviewed the guideline for developmental rigor and updated the literature search. An ASCO Expert Panel ( Table A1 ) was assembled to review the guideline content and recommendations. Results The ASCO Expert Panel determined that the recommendations from the 2016 CCO guideline are clear, thorough, and based upon the most relevant scientific evidence...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227462/psychiatric-disorders-antiretroviral-medication-adherence-and-viremia-in-a-cohort-of-perinatally-hiv-infected-adolescents-and-young-adults
#8
Amelia Bucek, Cheng-Shiun Leu, Stephanie Benson, Patricia Warne, Elaine J Abrams, Katherine S Elkington, Curtis Dolezal, Andrew Wiznia, Claude Ann Mellins
BACKGROUND: Perinatally HIV-infected (PHIV+) adolescents and young adults (AYA) are at risk for sub-optimal antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence, and mental health and substance use problems that, in HIV-infected adults, predict non-adherence. Studies on the relationship between psychiatric and substance use disorders (SUD) and adherence among PHIV+ AYA are limited, but may be important to informing evidence-based interventions to promote adherence. METHODS: Data were analyzed from three annual follow-up interviews (FU2-4, N=179) in a longitudinal study of PHIV+ AYA...
December 8, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227338/associations-between-early-family-meal-environment-quality-and-later-well-being-in-school-age-children
#9
Marie-Josée Harbec, Linda S Pagani
OBJECTIVE: Past research suggests a positive link between family meals and child and adolescent health. Although researchers have often relied on how often families eat together, this may not capture the complexity of the experience. Using a birth cohort, this study examines the prospective associations between the environmental quality of the family meal experience at age 6 years and child well-being at age 10. METHODS: Participants are 1492 children of the Quebec Longitudinal Study of Child Development...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226044/neuroanatomy-and-neuropsychology-of-pain
#10
REVIEW
Shehzad Khalid, R Shane Tubbs
We have reviewed here the neuroanatomical and neuropsychological literature of the human brain and have proposed the various pain mechanisms that we currently know of. Essentially when tissue is damaged, peripheral nociceptors are activated continuously and prostanoids are hence produced. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and medications aim to target these prostanoids to treat the inflammatory component of pain. Normal pain tends to have a protective response. It is important for the nervous system to learn and recognize this painful stimulus earlier and quicker with repeated exposure to avoid tissue damage...
October 6, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225752/emerging-and-re-emerging-infectious-diseases-in-iran
#11
REVIEW
Najmeh Parhizgari, Mohammad Mehdi Gouya, Ehsan Mostafavi
Despite development of preventive and controlling strategies regarding infectious diseases, they are still considered as one of the most significant leading causes of morbidity and mortality, worldwide. Changes in humans' demographics and behaviors, microbial and ecological alterations, agricultural development, international travels and susceptibility to infectious diseases have resulted in increased reports of emerging infectious diseases (EIDs) and reemerging infectious diseases (RIDs) in various geographical areas...
June 2017: Iranian Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225448/commentary-de-implementation-science-a-virtuous-cycle-of-ceasing-and-desisting-low-value-care-before-implementing-new-high-value-care
#12
EDITORIAL
Karina W Davidson, Siqin Ye, George A Mensah
Implementation science has traditionally focused on increasing the delivery of evidence-based care. The science of systematically stopping low-value and wasteful care is substantially under-recognized, and if successful, may decrease the workload of clinicians. De-implementation science identifies problem areas of low-value and wasteful practice, carries out rigorous scientific examination of the factors that initiate and maintain such behaviors, and then employs evidence-based interventions to cease these practices...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225415/a-co-flow-structure-for-goal-directed-internal-change
#13
Pascal Gambardella, Deborah E Polk, David Lounsbury, Ralph Levine
We describe a co-flow structure that models internal, goal-directed changes to an attribute (e.g., employee loyalty) of fundamental material (e.g., employees). This co-flow accommodates problems not adequately modeled with an existing, generic structure. Our structure builds on the co-flow proposed by Hines, which uses an information delay to model external change to an attribute. We use a first-order information delay to model both external changes to the attribute from the material stock and internal changes from an internal goal for the attribute...
January 2017: System Dynamics Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225396/new-students-peer-integration-and-exposure-to-deviant-peers-spurious-effects-of-school-moves
#14
Sonja E Siennick, Alex O Widdowson, Daniel T Ragan
School moves during adolescence predict lower peer integration and higher exposure to delinquent peers. Yet mobility and peer problems have several common correlates, so differences in movers' and non-movers' social adjustment may be due to selection rather than to causal effects of school moves. Drawing on survey and social network data from a sample of 7th and 8th graders, this study compared the structure and behavioral content of new students' friendship networks to those of not only non-movers, but also of students about to move schools; the latter should resemble new students in both observed and unobserved ways...
November 2017: Journal of Early Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225393/implicit-and-explicit-communal-coping-in-couples-with-recently-diagnosed-type-2-diabetes
#15
Vicki S Helgeson, Brittany Jakubiak, Howard Seltman, Leslie Hausmann, Mary Korytkowski
When an individual in a close relationship is diagnosed with a chronic illness, coping can be the responsibility of the patient, or couple-members can cope communally. Communal coping reflects a shared appraisal of a stressor (our problem instead of my problem) and collaborative efforts to address the stressor. The current study examined whether patients' and partners' communal coping levels were associated with relational and health functioning among 70 couples in which one member was recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes...
2017: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225388/latent-classes-of-older-foster-youth-prospective-associations-with-outcomes-and-exits-from-the-foster-care-system-during-the-transition-to-adulthood
#16
Elizabeth A Miller, Katherine W Paschall, Sandra T Azar
Youth in the foster care system face considerable challenges during the transition to adulthood. However, there is significant variability within this population. This study uses person-oriented methods and a longitudinal dataset of youth aging out of foster care to examine differences in how subgroups of foster youth fare during the transition to adulthood. We identified four distinct latent classes, consistent with prior person-oriented studies of this population, and validated these classes by examining differences on additional relevant factors at age 17...
August 2017: Children and Youth Services Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225383/assessment-of-risk-and-protection-in-native-american-youth-steps-toward-conducting-culturally-relevant-sustainable-prevention-in-indian-country
#17
Katarina Guttmannova, Melissa J Wheeler, Karl G Hill, Teresa A Evans-Campbell, Lacey A Hartigan, Tiffany M Jones, J David Hawkins, Richard F Catalano
Background: This study constitutes a building block in the cultural adaptation of Communities That Care (CTC), a community-based prevention system that has been found to be effective in reducing youth problem behaviors. Methods: Using the data from the CTC normative survey dataset that consists of more than quarter million youth nationwide, this study examines the reliability and validity of scores derived from the Communities That Care Youth Survey (CTC-YS), one of the primary assessment tools for gathering community data on risk and protective factors related to problem behaviors including substance use...
April 2017: Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224844/social-management-of-laboratory-rhesus-macaques-housed-in-large-groups-using-a-network-approach-a-review
#18
Brenda McCowan, Brianne Beisner, Darcy Hannibal
Biomedical facilities across the nation and worldwide aim to develop cost-effective methods for the reproductive management of macaque breeding groups, typically by housing macaques in large, multi-male multi-female social groups that provide monkey subjects for research as well as appropriate socialization for their psychological well-being. One of the most difficult problems in managing socially housed macaques is their propensity for deleterious aggression. From a management perspective, deleterious aggression (as opposed to less intense aggression that serves to regulate social relationships) is undoubtedly the most problematic behavior observed in group-housed macaques, which can readily escalate to the degree that it causes social instability, increases serious physical trauma leading to group dissolution, and reduces psychological well-being...
December 7, 2017: Behavioural Processes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224188/an-evaluation-of-a-social-skills-intervention-for-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-intellectual-disabilities-preparing-for-employment-in-ireland-a-pilot-study
#19
Edith Walsh, Jennifer Holloway, Helena Lydon
Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are faced with significant barriers relating to employment opportunities and workplace participation. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Walker social skills curriculum: the ACCESS program and video modeling to increase social communication skills necessary for workplace inclusion. Participants attended two sessions (i.e., 3 h) per week across a period of 20 weeks. A multiple-probe design was used to demonstrate social skills outcomes across three broad curricular areas (i...
December 9, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223314/child-physical-abuse-non-anemic-iron-deficiency-and-behavior-problems
#20
Naixue Cui, Xiaopeng Ji, Jianghong Liu
PURPOSE: Child abuse is regarded as a life-course social determinant of health problems. However, little is known about the nutritional status of physically abused children and their cumulative effect on child behavior. The present study aimed to examine the non-anemic iron deficiency status of abused children and the combined effect of physical abuse and non-anemic iron deficiency on child behavior in China. METHODS: This cross-sectional study comprised 314 children aged 11-14 (12...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
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