keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Geographically weighted

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149315/a-cross-sectional-study-of-malaria-endemicity-and-health-system-readiness-to-deliver-services-in-kenya-namibia-and-senegal
#1
Elizabeth H Lee, Cara H Olsen, Tracey Koehlmoos, Penny Masuoka, Ann Stewart, Jason W Bennett, James Mancuso
Despite good progress towards elimination, malaria continues to contribute substantially to the sub-Saharan African disease burden. Sustaining previous gains requires continued readiness to deliver malaria services in response to actual disease burden, which in turn contributes to health systems strengthening. This study investigates a health system innovation. We examined whether malaria prevalence, or endemicity, is a driver of health facility readiness to deliver malaria services. To estimate this association, we geo-linked cross-sectional facility survey data to endemicity data for Kenya, Namibia and Senegal...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132439/the-proportion-of-the-population-of-england-that-self-identifies-as-lesbian-gay-or-bisexual-producing-modelled-estimates-based-on-national-social-surveys
#2
Sanne Christine van Kampen, William Lee, Mauro Fornasiero, Kerryn Husk
OBJECTIVES: There is currently no widely accepted estimate of the proportion of people in England that self-identifies as lesbian, gay or bisexual (LGB), which is needed if we are to compare health inequality between different population groups. Using systematic review methods, this study identified all national social surveys with a question on sexual orientation and pooled those which represented the overall population of England. LGB proportions were synthesized into an aggregated mean estimate using weights based on sample size, response rate and missing data...
November 13, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128984/taxonomic-resolution-and-functional-traits-in-the-analysis-of-tropical-oribatid-mite-assemblages
#3
Maria A Minor, Sergey G Ermilov, Alexei V Tiunov
We analysed species-level datasets representing Oribatida assemblages along a gradient of old-growth primary tropical forests, secondary forests, and plantation forests in Dong Nai Biosphere Reserve, Vietnam. We identified patterns in abundance, species richness and species assemblages of Oribatida, then applied taxonomic sufficiency approach to the datasets. Using three levels of higher-taxon aggregation, we evaluated whether aggregated datasets are useful in identifying ecological patterns, in comparison to species-level data...
November 11, 2017: Experimental & Applied Acarology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128339/rs6923761-gene-variant-in-glucagon-like-peptide-1-receptor-allelic-frequencies-and-influence-on-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-a-multicenter-study-of-castilla-leon
#4
D A de Luis, M Ballesteros, A Lopez Guzman, E Ruiz, C Muñoz, M A Penacho, P Iglesias, A Maldonado, V Puigdevall, M Delgado
BACKGROUND: Some GLP-1 receptor studies have identified polymorphisms in the GLP-1 receptor gene that might be related to different cardiovascular risk factors. OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to investigate the allelic distribution of rs6923761 GLP-1 receptor polymorphism in a geographic area of Spain (Community of Castilla y Leon) and to evaluate the influence of this polymorphism on obesity anthropometric parameters and cardiovascular risk factors in the fasted state in obese patients...
November 2, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127621/how-well-is-the-medical-home-working-for-latino-and-black-children
#5
Alma D Guerrero, Xinkai Zhou, Paul J Chung
Objective To examine the benefits of having a medical home among Latino and Black school-aged children, both with and without special health care needs (CSHCN). Methods Data from the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH) were analyzed to examine the associations of preventive dental and medical care, unmet dental or medical care, or missed school days with having a medical home among Latino and Black children compared to White children. Multivariate logistic regression with survey weights was used to adjust for child, parent, home, and geographic characteristics and an interaction term to estimate differences in outcomes among Black or Latino children receiving care in a medical home compared to White children with a medical home...
November 10, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112234/impact-of-the-insurance-type-of-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-on-their-hospitalization-utilization-patterns
#6
Avni Gupta, Stephen T Sonis, Eric B Schneider, Alessandro Villa
BACKGROUND: Head and neck cancer (HNC) patients with Medicaid, Medicare, or no insurance show poor outcomes in comparison with privately insured patients. It was hypothesized that nonprivate insurance coverage biases the selection of the treatment site to favor hospitals that are not associated with optimum treatment outcomes. This study assessed the relation between the insurance type of HNC patients and the hospital type for inpatient care. METHODS: Adult HNC patients were identified from the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2012 and 2013)...
November 7, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110111/forest-fire-risk-assessment-an-integrated-approach-based-on-multicriteria-evaluation
#7
Elham Goleiji, Seyed Mohsen Hosseini, Nematollah Khorasani, Seyed Masoud Monavari
The present study deals with application of the weighted linear combination method for zoning of forest fire risk in Dohezar and Sehezar region of Mazandaran province in northern Iran. In this study, the effective criteria for fires were identified by the Delphi method, and these included ecological and socioeconomic parameters. In this regard, the first step comprised of digital layers; the required data were provided from databases, related centers, and field data collected in the region. Then, the map of criteria was digitized in a geographic information system, and all criteria and indexes were normalized by fuzzy logic...
November 6, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109069/subregional-nowcasts-of-seasonal-influenza-using-search-trends
#8
Sasikiran Kandula, Daniel Hsu, Jeffrey Shaman
BACKGROUND: Limiting the adverse effects of seasonal influenza outbreaks at state or city level requires close monitoring of localized outbreaks and reliable forecasts of their progression. Whereas forecasting models for influenza or influenza-like illness (ILI) are becoming increasingly available, their applicability to localized outbreaks is limited by the nonavailability of real-time observations of the current outbreak state at local scales. Surveillance data collected by various health departments are widely accepted as the reference standard for estimating the state of outbreaks, and in the absence of surveillance data, nowcast proxies built using Web-based activities such as search engine queries, tweets, and access of health-related webpages can be useful...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108988/urban-rural-differences-in-breast-and-cervical-cancer-incidence-the-mediating-roles-of-socioeconomic-status-and-provider-density
#9
Jennifer L Moss, Benmei Liu, Eric J Feuer
BACKGROUND: Breast and cervical cancer incidence vary by urbanicity, and several ecological factors could contribute to these patterns. In particular, cancer screening or other sociodemographic and health care system variables could explain geographic disparities in cancer incidence. METHODS: Governmental and research sources provided data on 612 counties in the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results program for rural-urban continuum code, socioeconomic status (SES) quintile, percent non-Hispanic White residents, density of primary care physicians, cancer screening, and breast and cervical cancer incidence rates (2009-2013)...
November 3, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108687/spatial-analysis-of-food-insecurity-and-obesity-by-area-level-deprivation-in-children-in-early-years-settings-in-england
#10
Sara E Benjamin Neelon, Thomas Burgoine, John A Gallis, Pablo Monsivais
BACKGROUND: we assessed manager perceptions of food security and obesity in young children attending nurseries across England, assessing spatial differences by area-level deprivation. METHODS: we conducted an adjusted multinomial logistic regression and an adjusted geographically weighted logistic regression examining the odds of a manager perceiving obesity, food insecurity, or both as a problem among children in care measured via a mailed survey. RESULTS: 851 (54...
November 2017: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107987/individual-versus-superensemble-forecasts-of-seasonal-influenza-outbreaks-in-the-united-states
#11
Teresa K Yamana, Sasikiran Kandula, Jeffrey Shaman
Recent research has produced a number of methods for forecasting seasonal influenza outbreaks. However, differences among the predicted outcomes of competing forecast methods can limit their use in decision-making. Here, we present a method for reconciling these differences using Bayesian model averaging. We generated retrospective forecasts of peak timing, peak incidence, and total incidence for seasonal influenza outbreaks in 48 states and 95 cities using 21 distinct forecast methods, and combined these individual forecasts to create weighted-average superensemble forecasts...
November 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100181/dietary-exposure-to-short-and-medium-chain-chlorinated-paraffins-in-meat-and-meat-products-from-20-provinces-of-china
#12
Huiting Huang, Lirong Gao, Minghui Zheng, Jingguang Li, Lei Zhang, Yongning Wu, Runhua Wang, Dan Xia, Lin Qiao, Lili Cui, Guijin Su, Wenbin Liu, Guorui Liu
Food intake is one of the main pathways of human exposure to chlorinated paraffins (CPs). This study assessed the dietary exposure for the general Chinese population to short-chain chlorinated paraffin (SCCPs) and medium-chain chlorinated paraffins (MCCPs) through meat and meat products. Twenty samples of meat and meat products from 20 Chinese provinces were collected in 2011. As the sampling sites covered about two-thirds of the Chinese population, the meat samples were considered to be representative of the true characteristics of CPs contamination in Chinese meat products...
October 31, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097849/australia-s-regional-innovation-systems-inter-industry-interaction-in-innovative-activities-in-three-australian-territories
#13
Marlies H Schütz
Regional specifics reveal in differences in economic activity and structure, the institutional, socio-economic and cultural environment and not least in the capability of regions to create new knowledge and to generate innovations. Focusing on the regional level, this paper for three Australian territories (New South Wales, Victoria and Queensland) explores patterns of innovative activities in their private business sectors. Furthermore, these patterns are compared to specifics of each region's economic structure...
July 3, 2017: Econ Syst Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090977/observational-registry-of-basal-insulin-treatment-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-china-safety-and-hypoglycemia-predictors
#14
Tingting Zhang, Linong Ji, Yan Gao, Puhong Zhang, Dongshan Zhu, Xian Li, Jiachao Ji, Fang Zhao, Heng Zhang, Xiaohui Guo
BACKGROUND: The Observational Registry of Basal Insulin Treatment (ORBIT) study evaluated the safety of basal insulin (BI) in real-world settings in China. METHODS: We analyzed 9002 patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) inadequately controlled with oral hypoglycemic agents from 8 geographic regions and 2 hospital tiers in China who initiated and maintained BI treatment. Body weight and hypoglycemic episodes were recorded at baseline and 3 and 6 months. Serious adverse events (SAEs) were recorded at 3 and 6 months...
November 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079931/a-global-overview-of-exposure-levels-and-biological-effects-of-trace-elements-in-penguins
#15
Winfred Espejo, José E Celis, Daniel GonzÃlez-Acuña, Andiranel Banegas, Ricardo Barra, Gustavo Chiang
Trace elements are chemical contaminants that can be present almost anywhere on the planet. The study of trace elements in biotic matrices is a topic of great relevance for the implications that it can have on wildlife and human health. Penguins are very useful, since they live exclusively in the Southern Hemisphere and represent about 90% of the biomass of birds of the Southern Ocean. The levels of trace elements (dry weight) in different biotic matrices of penguins were reviewed here. Maps of trace element records in penguins were included...
September 13, 2017: Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077563/physical-activity-bmi-and-body-weight-perception-among-15-year-old-boys-and-girls-in-poland-in-the-light-of-international-comparisons
#16
Dorota Kleszczewska, Anna Dzielska, Hanna Nałęcz, Joanna Mazur
BACKGROUND: The wrong subjective assessment of body mass may have consequences for the health, quality of life and proper functioning of adolescents in society. AIM: The purpose of the study is to provide a detailed analysis of the discrepancies between the objective and subjective assessment of body mass by 15-year-old boys and girls in Poland against the background of international statistics and to assess the effect of physical activity on the level and directions of these discrepancies...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065336/do-safety-performance-functions-used-for-predicting-crash-frequency-vary-across-space-applying-geographically-weighted-regressions-to-account-for-spatial-heterogeneity
#17
Jun Liu, Asad J Khattak, Behram Wali
Safety Performance Functions (SPFs) provide a basis for identifying locations where countermeasures can be effective. While SPFs in the Highway Safety Manual (HSM) were calibrated based on data from select states, calibration factors can be developed to localize SPFs to other states. Calibration factors typically provide a coarse adjustment-time and space stationarity of associations between crash frequencies and various factors is still assumed, implying that the SPF functional form is transferable. However, with increasing availability of statewide geo-referenced safety data, new spatial analysis methods, and increasing computational power, it is possible to relax the stationarity assumption...
October 21, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062605/influence-of-current-climate-historical-climate-stability-and-topography-on-species-richness-and-endemism-in-mesoamerican-geophyte-plants
#18
Victoria Sosa, Israel Loera
BACKGROUND: A number of biotic and abiotic factors have been proposed as drivers of geographic variation in species richness. As biotic elements, inter-specific interactions are the most widely recognized. Among abiotic factors, in particular for plants, climate and topographic variables as well as their historical variation have been correlated with species richness and endemism. In this study, we determine the extent to which the species richness and endemism of monocot geophyte species in Mesoamerica is predicted by current climate, historical climate stability and topography...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056831/reducing-the-uncertainty-induced-by-spatial-aggregation-in-accessibility-and-spatial-interaction-applications
#19
Marcin Stępniak, Chris Jacobs-Crisioni
Analyses of spatial interaction are to some degree plagued by uncertainty regarding the impact of spatially dispersed interaction masses within zones on travel times. In this paper, interaction-weighted travel times are computed from a matrix between regularly distributed points at fine resolution, and used together with secondary data to improve estimates of interaction weighted travel time based on commonly applied methods. The paper proposes a method for computing intra-zonal, interaction weighted travel times that is considerably less sensitive to spatial aggregation than existing approaches, and demonstrates that population-weighted centroids are to be preferred over geographically-weighted centroids...
May 2017: Journal of Transport Geography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054084/occurrence-and-levels-of-persistent-organic-pollutants-pops-in-farmed-and-wild-marine-fish-from-tanzania-a-pilot-study
#20
Eliezer Brown Mwakalapa, Aviti John Mmochi, Mette Helen Bjorge Müller, Robinson Hammerthon Mdegela, Jan Ludvig Lyche, Anuschka Polder
In 2016, farmed and wild milkfish (Chanos chanos) and mullet (Mugil cephalus) from Tanzania mainland (Mtwara) and Zanzibar islands (Pemba and Unguja) were collected for analyses of persistent organic pollutants (POPs). Fish livers were analysed for organochlorine pesticides (OCPs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), brominated flame retardants (BFRs). Muscle tissue was used for analyses of perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs). The major contaminant was p,p'-DDE. The highest p,p'-DDE concentration was found in wild milkfish from Mtwara (715...
September 26, 2017: Chemosphere
keyword
keyword
51283
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"