keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Geographically weighted

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341246/risk-factors-for-disordered-weight-control-behaviors-among-korean-adolescents-multilevel-analysis-of-the-korea-youth-risk-behavior-survey
#1
Yongjoo Kim, S Bryn Austin, S V Subramanian, Jennifer J Thomas, Kamryn T Eddy, Debra L Franko, Rachel F Rodgers, Ichiro Kawachi
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors for disordered weight control behaviors (DWCB) in South Korean adolescents at multiple levels, including individual, family, school, and geographic area. METHOD: We drew participants from the 11th Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey, conducted in 2015, with 65,529 adolescents (31,687 girls, 33,842 boys) aged 12-18 years. DWCB was defined as engaging in any of the following behaviors for weight control over the past month: fasting, one-food diet (eating only one food over an extended period of time for weight control), vomiting, and taking laxatives/diuretics/unprescribed diet pills...
January 17, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340259/relationships-between-road-distance-to-primary-care-facilities-and-ischemic-heart-disease-and-stroke-mortality-in-hokkaido-japan-a-bayesian-hierarchical-approach-to-ecological-count-data
#2
Yasuaki Saijo, Eiji Yoshioka, Yasuyuki Kawanishi, Yoshihiko Nakagi, Sharon J B Hanley, Takahiko Yoshida
Objective: Poor access to a primary care physician may lead to poor control of risk factors for disease. This study investigated whether geographic access to a primary care physician was related to ischemic heart disease and stroke mortality. Methods: Road-distances from the centroids of the basic unit blocks of the 2010 Japanese Census to the nearest primary care facilities in Hokkaido, northern Japan, were measured using geographic information system (GIS) software...
January 2018: Journal of General and Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340243/urban-heat-island-effect-on-cicada-densities-in-metropolitan-seoul
#3
Hoa Q Nguyen, Desiree K Andersen, Yuseob Kim, Yikweon Jang
Background: Urban heat island (UHI) effect, the ubiquitous consequence of urbanization, is considered to play a major role in population expansion of numerous insects. Cryptotympana atrata and Hyalessa fuscata are the most abundant cicada species in the Korean Peninsula, where their population densities are higher in urban than in rural areas. We predicted a positive relationship between the UHI intensities and population densities of these two cicada species in metropolitan Seoul. Methods: To test this prediction, enumeration surveys of cicada exuviae densities were conducted in 36 localities located within and in the vicinity of metropolitan Seoul...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339264/source-apportionment-of-soil-heavy-metals-using-robust-absolute-principal-component-scores-robust-geographically-weighted-regression-rapcs-rgwr-receptor-model
#4
Mingkai Qu, Yan Wang, Biao Huang, Yongcun Zhao
The traditional source apportionment models, such as absolute principal component scores-multiple linear regression (APCS-MLR), are usually susceptible to outliers, which may be widely present in the regional geochemical dataset. Furthermore, the models are merely built on variable space instead of geographical space and thus cannot effectively capture the local spatial characteristics of each source contributions. To overcome the limitations, a new receptor model, robust absolute principal component scores-robust geographically weighted regression (RAPCS-RGWR), was proposed based on the traditional APCS-MLR model...
January 13, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336799/access-to-high-pediatric-readiness-emergency-care-in-the-united-states
#5
Kristin N Ray, Lenora M Olson, Elizabeth A Edgerton, Michael Ely, Marianne Gausche-Hill, Patricia Schmuhl, David J Wallace, Jeremy M Kahn
OBJECTIVE: To determine the geographic accessibility of emergency departments (EDs) with high pediatric readiness by assessing the percentage of US children living within a 30-minute drive time of an ED with high pediatric readiness, as defined by collaboratively developed published guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: In this cross-sectional analysis, we examined geographic access to an ED with high pediatric readiness among US children. Pediatric readiness was assessed using the weighted pediatric readiness score (WPRS) of US hospitals based on the 2013 National Pediatric Readiness Project (NPRP) survey...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334934/factors-influencing-the-length-of-hospital-stay-of-patients-with-anorexia-nervosa-results-of-a-prospective-multi-center-study
#6
D Kästner, B Löwe, A Weigel, B Osen, U Voderholzer, A Gumz
BACKGROUND: The length of stay (LOS) strongly influences anorexia nervosa (AN) inpatient weight outcomes. Hence, understanding the predictors of LOS is highly relevant. However, the existing evidence is inconsistent and to draw conclusions, additional evidence is required. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, multi-center study including adult female inpatients with AN. Using stepwise linear regression, the following demographic and clinical variables were examined as potential predictors for LOS: admission BMI, AN-subtype, age, age of onset, living situation, partnership status, education, previous hospitalization, self-rated depression, anxiety and somatic symptoms (PHQ-9, PHQ-15, GAD-7), self-rated therapy motivation (FEVER) and eating disorder psychopathology (EDI-2 subscale scores)...
January 15, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333817/anthropometric-and-biochemical-assessment-of-nutritional-status-and-dietary-intake-in-school-children-aged-6-14-years-province-of-buenos-aires-argentina
#7
Lorena Lázaro Cuesta, Analía Rearte, Sergio Rodríguez, Melina Niglia, Horacio Scipioni, Diego Rodríguez, Rosalía Salinas, Claudia Sosa, Stella Rasse
INTRODUCTION: Childhood obesity is a global epidemic. School age and adolescence are critical stages for the implementation of eating and lifestyle habits. OBJECTIVE: To assess anthropometric and biochemical assessment of nutritional status and dietary intake in children, their relationship with socioeconomic factors and georeferencing. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in schoolchildren aged 6-14 years from the District of General Pueyrredon, during August-November 2013...
February 1, 2018: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331602/a-cross-continental-analysis-of-weight-gain-psychiatric-diagnoses-and-medication-use-during-inpatient-psychiatric-treatment-the-international-study-on-physical-illness-in-mentally-ill
#8
Christina Engelke, Christian Lange-Asschenfeldt, Stephanie Peter, Kai G Kahl, Karel Frasch, Jens I Larsen, Graziella G Bickel, Bernhard Bork, Bent A Jacobsen, Signe O Wallenstein-Jensen, Christoph Lauber, Birthe Mogensen, Jørgen A Nielsen, Wulf Rössler, Kenji J Tsuchiya, Kristian L Toftegaard, Ulla A Andersen, Richard Uwakwe, Povl Munk-Jørgensen, Joachim Cordes
Weight gain among psychiatric inpatients is a widespread phenomenon. This change in body mass index (BMI) can be caused by several factors. Based on recent research, we assume the following factors are related to weight gain during psychiatric inpatient treatment: psychiatric medication, psychiatric diagnosis, sex, age, weight on admission and geographic region of treatment. 876 of originally recruited 2328 patients met the criteria for our analysis. Patients were recruited and examined in mental health care centres in Nigeria (N = 265), Japan (N = 145) and Western-Europe (Denmark, Germany and Switzerland; N = 466)...
December 22, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329571/environmental-exposures-and-fetal-growth-the-haifa-pregnancy-cohort-study
#9
Rachel Golan, Itai Kloog, Ronit Almog, Anat Gesser-Edelsburg, Maya Negev, Maya Jolles, Varda Shalev, Vered H Eisenberg, Gideon Koren, Wiessam Abu Ahmad, Hagai Levine
BACKGROUND: The developing fetus is susceptible to environmental insults. Studying the effects of environmental exposures on fetal growth is essential for understanding the causal pathway between prenatal exposures and pregnancy outcomes. Here we describe the Haifa Pregnancy Cohort Study (HPCS) and discuss challenges and opportunities in applying "big data" paradigm. METHODS: Maccabi Healthcare Services (MHS), is the second largest Israeli health maintenance organization (HMO) providing care services to two million beneficiaries...
January 12, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325587/human-echinostomiasis-a-case-report
#10
Ranjit Sah, Shusila Khadka, Rabin Hamal, Sagar Poudyal
BACKGROUND: Echinostomiasis is a food-borne infection caused by an intestinal trematodes belonging to the family Echinostomatidae. They infect the gastrointestinal tract of humans. Patients are usually asymptomatic. However, with heavy infections, the worms can produce catarrhal inflammation with mild ulceration and the patient may experience abdominal pain, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and weight loss. Infection are associated with common sociocultural practices of eating raw or insufficiently cooked mollusks and fish...
January 11, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321032/exploring-the-small-scale-spatial-distribution-of-hypertension-and-its-association-to-area-deprivation-based-on-health-insurance-claims-in-northeastern-germany
#11
B Kauhl, W Maier, J Schweikart, A Keste, M Moskwyn
BACKGROUND: Hypertension is one of the most frequently diagnosed chronic conditions in Germany. Targeted prevention strategies and allocation of general practitioners where they are needed most are necessary to prevent severe complications arising from high blood pressure. However, data on chronic diseases in Germany are mostly available through survey data, which do not only underestimate the actual prevalence but are also only available on coarse spatial scales. The discussion of including area deprivation for planning of healthcare is still relatively young in Germany, although previous studies have shown that area deprivation is associated with adverse health outcomes, irrespective of individual characteristics...
January 10, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317811/geographical-distribution-of-copd-prevalence-in-europe-estimated-by-an-inverse-distance-weighting-interpolation-technique
#12
Ignacio Blanco, Isidro Diego, Patricia Bueno, Eloy Fernández, Francisco Casas-Maldonado, Cristina Esquinas, Joan B Soriano, Marc Miravitlles
Existing data on COPD prevalence are limited or totally lacking in many regions of Europe. The geographic information system inverse distance weighted (IDW) interpolation technique has proved to be an effective tool in spatial distribution estimation of epidemiological variables, when real data are few and widely separated. Therefore, in order to represent cartographically the prevalence of COPD in Europe, an IDW interpolation mapping was performed. The point prevalence data provided by 62 studies from 19 countries (21 from 5 Northern European countries, 11 from 3 Western European countries, 14 from 5 Central European countries, and 16 from 6 Southern European countries) were identified using validated spirometric criteria...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310621/common-risk-indicators-for-oral-diseases-and-obesity-in-12-year-olds-a-south-pacific-cross-sectional-study
#13
Stéphanie Tubert-Jeannin, Hélène Pichot, Bernard Rouchon, Bruno Pereira, Martine Hennequin
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing need to prevent obesity and oral diseases in adolescents worldwide, few studies have investigated the link existing between these conditions and their common risk factors. This study aims to evaluate the oral health and weight status of New Caledonian Children (aged 6,9,12 years) and to identify, amongst 12-year-olds, risk indicators that may characterize the groups of children affected by oral diseases, obesity or both diseases. METHODS: This survey evaluated in 2011-2012 the oral health and stature-weight status and related risk indicators in a national representative sample of 6, 9 and 12 years-old children in New Caledonia...
January 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307046/a-study-on-the-use-and-modeling-of-geographical-information-system-for-combating-forest-crimes-an-assessment-of-crimes-in-the-eastern-mediterranean-forests
#14
Mehmet Pak, Sercan Gülci, Arif Okumuş
This study focuses on the geo-statistical assessment of spatial estimation models in forest crimes. Used widely in the assessment of crime and crime-dependent variables, geographic information system (GIS) helps the detection of forest crimes in rural regions. In this study, forest crimes (forest encroachment, illegal use, illegal timber logging, etc.) are assessed holistically and modeling was performed with ten different independent variables in GIS environment. The research areas are three Forest Enterprise Chiefs (Baskonus, Cinarpinar, and Hartlap) affiliated to Kahramanmaras Forest Regional Directorate in Kahramanmaras...
January 6, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305230/genome-wide-scan-for-seed-composition-provides-insights-into-soybean-quality-improvement-and-the-impacts-of-domestication-and-breeding
#15
Jiaoping Zhang, Xianzhi Wang, Yaming Lu, Siddhi J Bhusal, Qijian Song, Perry B Cregan, Yang Yen, Michael Brown, Guo-Liang Jiang
The complex genetic architecture of quality traits has hindered efforts to modify seed nutrients in soybean (Glycine max). Genome-wide association studies were conducted for the seed composition including protein, oil, fatty acids and amino acids using 313 diverse soybean germplasm accessions genotyped with a high-density SNP array. A total of 87 chromosomal regions were identified to be associated with seed composition, explaining 8-89% of genetic variances. The candidate genes GmSAT1, AK-HSDH, SACPD-C and FAD3A of known function, and putative MtN21 nodulin, FATB and steroid-5-α-reductase involved in N2 fixation, amino acid biosynthesis and fatty acid metabolism were found at the major-effect loci...
January 2, 2018: Molecular Plant
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301183/north-korean-children-nutrition-and-growth
#16
REVIEW
Soo-Kyung Lee
North Korea suffered from severe famine in the mid-1990s; this impacted many areas, including people's transnational movement, child growth, and mortality. This review carefully examined nutritional status trends of children in North Korea using published reports from national nutrition assessment surveys. Nutritional adaptation of North Korean child refugees living in South Korea was also studied with their growth and food consumption, using published researches. The nutritional status of children in North Korea has recovered to a "low" level acute malnutrition status and a "medium" level chronic malnutrition status...
December 2017: Annals of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300866/diagnostic-utility-of-molecular-and-imaging-biomarkers-in-cytological-indeterminate-thyroid-nodules
#17
Elizabeth J de Koster, Lioe-Fee de Geus-Oei, Olaf M Dekkers, Ilse van Engen-van Grunsven, Jaap Hamming, Eleonora P M Corssmit, Hans Morreau, Abbey Schepers, Jan Smit, Wim J G Oyen, Dennis Vriens
Indeterminate thyroid cytology (Bethesda III and IV) corresponds to follicular-patterned benign and malignant lesions, which are particularly difficult to differentiate on cytology alone. As approximately 25% of these nodules harbor malignancy, diagnostic hemithyroidectomy is still custom. However, advanced preoperative diagnostics are rapidly evolving.This review provides an overview of additional molecular and imaging diagnostics for indeterminate thyroid nodules in a pre-operative clinical setting, including considerations regarding cost-effectiveness, availability, and feasibility of combining techniques...
January 2, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297395/between-lake-baikal-and-the-baltic-sea-genomic-history-of-the-gateway-to-europe
#18
Petr Triska, Nikolay Chekanov, Vadim Stepanov, Elza K Khusnutdinova, Ganesh Prasad Arun Kumar, Vita Akhmetova, Konstantin Babalyan, Eugenia Boulygina, Vladimir Kharkov, Marina Gubina, Irina Khidiyatova, Irina Khitrinskaya, Ekaterina E Khrameeva, Rita Khusainova, Natalia Konovalova, Sergey Litvinov, Andrey Marusin, Alexandr M Mazur, Valery Puzyrev, Dinara Ivanoshchuk, Maria Spiridonova, Anton Teslyuk, Svetlana Tsygankova, Martin Triska, Natalya Trofimova, Edward Vajda, Oleg Balanovsky, Ancha Baranova, Konstantin Skryabin, Tatiana V Tatarinova, Egor Prokhortchouk
BACKGROUND: The history of human populations occupying the plains and mountain ridges separating Europe from Asia has been eventful, as these natural obstacles were crossed westward by multiple waves of Turkic and Uralic-speaking migrants as well as eastward by Europeans. Unfortunately, the material records of history of this region are not dense enough to reconstruct details of population history. These considerations stimulate growing interest to obtain a genetic picture of the demographic history of migrations and admixture in Northern Eurasia...
December 28, 2017: BMC Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289785/stable-isotopic-composition-reveals-the-spatial-and-temporal-dynamics-of-discharge-in-the-large-river-of-yarlungzangbo-in-the-tibetan-plateau
#19
Wei Ren, Tandong Yao, Shiyou Xie
Spatial and temporal variability in stable isotopic compositions (δ18O and δD) in river water of the Yarlungzangbo was investigated to identify major hydrological processes along the river channel and evaluate the isotopic response to discharge variation. The results show geographic, distinct isotopic evolutions in the Yarlungzangbo system. Along the main stem, river δ18O exhibits a decreasing trend from the headwaters to the middle reach but an increasing one from the middle to the lower reaches, and main flows demonstrate much greater δ18O-δD slope and intercept compared to the global meteoric water line (GMWL) and reported local meteoric water lines (LMWLs) for sites within the basin...
December 28, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289642/disparities-in-cigarette-tax-exposure-by-race-ethnicity-poverty-and-sexual-orientation-2006-2014-usa
#20
Shelley D Golden, Amanda Y Kong, Joseph G L Lee, Kurt M Ribisl
Cigarette excise taxes are an effective tobacco control strategy but they vary geographically due to differences in state and local taxation. There are also pronounced sociodemographic differences in community composition, suggesting that different population groups might face vastly different cigarette excise tax rates. In this study, we examine how cigarette excise tax rates differ for population groups defined by race, ethnicity, poverty status, and sexual orientation, and how these differences have evolved over time...
December 28, 2017: Preventive Medicine
keyword
keyword
51283
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"