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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225805/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-chlamydia-infection-in-hong-kong-a-population-based-geospatial-household-survey-and-testing
#1
William Chi Wai Wong, Yanping Zhao, Ngai Sze Wong, William L Parish, Heidi Yin Hai Miu, Li-Gang Yang, Michael Emch, King Man Ho, Francois Yeung Fong, Joseph D Tucker
BACKGROUND: Chlamydia causes infertility and increases risk of HIV infection, and population-based studies provide essential information for effective infection control and prevention. This study examined Chlamydia trachomatis prevalence and risk factors among a representative sample of 18-49-year-old residents in Hong Kong. METHODS: Census boundary map of 412 constituency areas was used as primary sampling units to construct the sampling frame and, residential buildings and units were randomly selected using geospatial modelling...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216601/fine-particulate-matter-concentrations-in-urban-chinese-cities-2005-2016-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Mike Z He, Xiange Zeng, Kaiyue Zhang, Patrick L Kinney
Background: Particulate matter pollution has become a growing health concern over the past few decades globally. The problem is especially evident in China, where particulate matter levels prior to 2013 are publically unavailable. We conducted a systematic review of scientific literature that reported fine particulate matter (PM2.5) concentrations in different regions of China from 2005 to 2016. Methods: We searched for English articles in PubMed and Embase and for Chinese articles in the China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI)...
February 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214120/linking-potential-heat-source-and-sink-to-urban-heat-island-heterogeneous-effects-of-landscape-pattern-on-land-surface-temperature
#3
Weifeng Li, Qiwen Cao, Kun Lang, Jiansheng Wu
Rapid urbanization has significantly contributed to the development of urban heat island (UHI). Regulating landscape composition and configuration would help mitigate the UHI in megacities. Taking Shenzhen, China, as a case study area, we defined heat source and heat sink and identified strong and weak sources as well as strong and weak sinks according to the natural and socioeconomic factors influencing land surface temperature (LST). Thus, the potential thermal contributions of heat source and heat sink patches were differentiated...
February 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#4
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210180/normal-values-of-intraocular-pressure-in-full-term-nigerian-newborns
#5
Victoria Ayodeji Olatunji, Dupe Ademola-Popoola, Feyi Grace Adepoju, Omotayo Olukemi Adesiyun
PURPOSE: To determine the normative range of intraocular pressure (IOP) in full-term newborns and possible association with birth parameters during the first week of life. METHODS: This was an observational cross sectional study in which IOP was measured in 1000 eyes of 500 normal full-term newborns using the Perkins applanation tonometer under topical anesthesia. An average of three readings was taken as the IOP value. The relationship between IOP and birth parameters was analyzed...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208207/-spatial-distribution-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-berlin-application-of-a-geographically-weighted-regression-analysis-to-identify-location-specific-risk-groups
#6
Boris Kauhl, Jonas Pieper, Jürgen Schweikart, Andrea Keste, Marita Moskwyn
Understanding which population groups in which locations are at higher risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) allows efficient and cost-effective interventions targeting these risk-populations in great need in specific locations. The goal of this study was to analyze the spatial distribution of T2DM and to identify the location-specific, population-based risk factors using global and local spatial regression models. To display the spatial heterogeneity of T2DM, bivariate kernel density estimation was applied...
February 16, 2017: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28206678/systematic-review-with-meta-analysis-the-impact-of-clostridium-difficile-infection-on-the-short-and-long-term-risks-of-colectomy-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#7
REVIEW
C C Y Law, R Tariq, S Khanna, S Murthy, J D McCurdy
BACKGROUND: Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) is associated with increased mortality in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), but the risk of colectomy is variable and has not been adequately studied. AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the impact of CDI on colectomy risk in IBD. METHODS: Multiple databases were searched systematically for observational studies reporting colectomy risk in IBD, stratified by the presence of CDI, and the duration of follow-up (short term 3 months, and long term at least 1 year)...
February 16, 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196113/chasm-in-primary-care-provision-in-a-universal-health-system-findings-from-a-nationally-representative-survey-of-health-facilities-in-malaysia
#8
Huy Ming Lim, Sheamini Sivasampu, Ee Ming Khoo, Kamaliah Mohamad Noh
BACKGROUND: Malaysia has achieved universal health coverage since 1980s through the expansion of direct public provision, particularly in rural areas. However, no systematic examination of the rural-urban distribution of primary care services and resources has been conducted to date for policy impact evaluation. METHODS: We conducted a national cross-sectional survey of 316 public and 597 private primary care clinics, selected through proportionate stratified random sampling, from June 2011 through February 2012...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183313/comparison-of-virulence-of-francisella-tularensis-ssp-holarctica-genotypes-b-12-and-b-ftnf002-00
#9
Zsuzsa Kreizinger, Károly Erdélyi, Orsolya Felde, Massimo Fabbi, Kinga M Sulyok, Tibor Magyar, Miklós Gyuranecz
BACKGROUND: Two main genetic groups (B.12 and B.FTNF002-00) of Francisella tularensis ssp. holarctica are endemic in Europe. The B.FTNF002-00 group proved to be dominant in Western European countries, while strains of the B.12 group were isolated mainly in Northern, Central and Eastern Europe. The clinical course of tularemia in the European brown hare (Lepus europaeus) also shows distinct patterns according to the geographical area. Acute course of the disease is observed in hares in Western European countries, while signs of sub-acute or chronic infection are more frequently detected in the eastern part of the continent...
February 10, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179077/mercury-and-selenium-in-free-ranging-brown-trout-salmo-trutta-in-the-river-skienselva-watercourse-southern-norway
#10
Asle Økelsrud, Espen Lydersen, Clara Moreno, Eirik Fjeld
Selenium (Se), mercury (Hg), and stable isotopes of nitrogen (δ(15)N) and carbon (δ(13)C) have been investigated in free-ranging brown trout (Salmo trutta) from five large lakes/hydropower reservoirs within the River Skienselva watercourse, Southern Norway. The main purpose of the study was to investigate geographical patterns of the two elements within this large catchment. We also wanted to investigate whether Hg concentration in trout were negatively associated to their Se content, hence indicating an ameliorating effect of Se on Hg bioaccumulation...
February 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170312/problem-video-gaming-among-children-enrolled-in-tertiary-weight-management-programs
#11
Sam Stubblefield, George Datto, Thao-Ly T Phan, Lloyd N Werk, Kristin Stackpole, Robert Siegel, William Stratbucker, Jared M Tucker, Amy L Christison, Jobayer Hossain, Douglas A Gentile
Prior studies show seven percent to nine percent of children demonstrate gaming behaviors that affect a child's ability to function (e.g., problem gaming), but none have examined the association between problem gaming and weight status. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of problem gaming among children enrolled in tertiary weight management programs. We administered a computer-based survey to a convenience sample of children aged 11-17 years enrolled in five geographically diverse pediatric weight management (PWM) programs in the COMPASS (Childhood Obesity Multi-Program Analysis and Study System) network...
February 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166300/impacts-of-human-related-practices-on-ommatissus-lybicus-infestations-of-date-palm-in-oman
#12
Khalifa M Al-Kindi, Paul Kwan, Nigel R Andrew, Mitchell Welch
Date palm cultivation is economically important in the Sultanate of Oman, with significant financial investments coming from both the government and private individuals. However, a widespread Dubas bug (DB) (Ommatissus lybicus Bergevin) infestation has impacted regions including the Middle East, North Africa, Southeast Russia, and Spain, resulting in widespread damages to date palms. In this study, techniques in spatial statistics including ordinary least squares (OLS), geographically weighted regression (GRW), and exploratory regression (ER) were applied to (a) model the correlation between DB infestations and human-related practices that include irrigation methods, row spacing, palm tree density, and management of undercover and intercropped vegetation, and (b) predict the locations of future DB infestations in northern Oman...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164370/impact-of-neighbourhood-level-inequity-on-paediatric-diabetes-care
#13
A B M Clarke, D Daneman, J R Curtis, F H Mahmud
AIMS: To evaluate the association between neighbourhood-level inequity and glycaemic control in paediatric participants with Type 1 diabetes using the Neighbourhood Equity Index (NEI). METHODS: The NEI was linked to the clinical data of 519 children with diabetes followed at the Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto, Canada). The NEI is a composite measure of inequity developed using the World Health Organization's Urban Health Equity Assessment and Response Tool (HEART), which encompasses 15 weighted indicators evaluating economic, social, environmental and lifestyle factors...
February 6, 2017: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154108/contextual-correlates-of-physical-activity-among-older-adults-a-neighborhood-environment-wide-association-study-ne-was
#14
Stephen J Mooney, Spruha Joshi, Magdalena Cerdá, Gary J Kennedy, John R Beard, Andrew G Rundle
Background Few older adults achieve recommended physical activity levels. We conducted a 'Neighborhood Environment-Wide Association Study (NE-WAS)' of neighborhood influences on physical activity among older adults, analogous, in a genetic context, to a Genome Wide Association Study (GWAS). Methods Physical Activity Scale for the Elderly (PASE) and socio-demographic data were collected via telephone survey of 3,497 residents of New York City aged 65-75. Using Geographic Information Systems, we created 337 variables describing each participant's residential neighborhood's built, social, and economic context...
February 2, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146172/regional-differences-and-factors-associated-with-the-number-of-prenatal-visits-in-brazil-analysis-of-the-information-system-on-live-births-in-2013
#15
Juliana Cristine Dos Anjos, Antonio Fernando Boing
Objective: To investigate factors associated with seven or more prenatal visits, in Brazil, in 2013. Methods: Cross-sectional study from the database of Information System on Live Births. The association of explanatory variables was tested with prenatal visits by means of the analysis of single and multiple multinomial regressions. The spatial distribution of prenatal visits according to the Brazilian municipalities was also analyzed. Results: It was found that 2...
October 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132801/high-pathogenicity-and-strong-immunogenicity-of-a-chinese-isolate-of-eimeria-magna-p%C3%A3-rard-1925
#16
Geru Tao, Yunzhou Wang, Chao Li, Xiaolong Gu, Ping Cui, Sufang Fang, Xun Suo, Xianyong Liu
Coccidia infection of rabbits with one or several species of parasites of the genus Eimeria causes coccidiosis, a disease leading to huge economic losses in the rabbit industry. Eimeria magna, one of the causal agents of rabbit coccidiosis, was characterized as mildly pathogenic and moderately immunogenic in previous studies. In this study, we identified a Chinese isolate of E. magna by testing its biological features (oocyst morphology and size, prepatent time) and sequencing its internal transcribed spacer 1 (ITS-1) DNA fragment...
January 27, 2017: Parasitology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129758/prevalence-and-geographic-variation-of-abdominal-obesity-in-7-and-9-year-old-children-in-greece-world-health-organization-childhood-obesity-surveillance-initiative-2010
#17
Maria Hassapidou, Themistoklis Tzotzas, Evangelia Makri, Ioannis Pagkalos, Ioannis Kaklamanos, Efthymios Kapantais, Annet Abrahamian, Antonis Polymeris, Konstantinos Tziomalos
BACKGROUND: In children, abdominal obesity is a better predictor of the presence of cardiovascular risk factors than body mass index (BMI)-defined obesity. We aimed to evaluate the prevalence of abdominal obesity in the Greek pediatric population and to assess the impact of residence on the prevalence of both BMI-defined and abdominal obesity. METHODS: In the context of the Childhood Obesity Surveillance Initiative of the World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Europe, a national representative sample of 7...
January 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127773/does-the-regulatory-environment-affect-nurse-practitioners-patterns-of-practice-or-quality-of-care-in-health-centers
#18
Ellen T Kurtzman, Burt S Barnow, Jean E Johnson, Samuel J Simmens, Donna Lind Infeld, Fitzhugh Mullan
OBJECTIVE: To examine the impact of state-granted nurse practitioner (NP) independence on patient-level quality, service utilization, and referrals. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: The National Ambulatory Medical Care Survey's community health center (HC) subsample (2006-2011). Primary analyses included approximately 6,500 patient visits to 350 NPs in 220 HCs. STUDY DESIGN: Propensity score matching and multivariate regression analysis were used to estimate the impact of state-granted NP independence on each outcome, separately...
February 2017: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125656/trends-of-the-world-input-and-output-network-of-global-trade
#19
Rita María Del Río-Chanona, Jelena Grujić, Henrik Jeldtoft Jensen
The international trade naturally maps onto a complex networks. Theoretical analysis of this network gives valuable insights about the global economic system. Although different economic data sets have been investigated from the network perspective, little attention has been paid to its dynamical behaviour. Here we take the World Input Output Data set, which has values of the annual transactions between 40 different countries of 35 different sectors for the period of 15 years, and infer the time interdependence between countries and sectors...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123331/prevalence-of-hypercalciuria-and-urinary-calcium-excretion-in-school-aged-children-in-the-province-of-tokat
#20
Ali Gül, Samet Özer, Resul Yılmaz, Ergün Sönmezgöz, Tuba Kasap, Şahin Takçı, Erhan Karaaslan, Yalçın Önder, Rıza Çıtıl, İlknur Bütün, Osman Demir
AIM: Hypercalciuria is an important cause of urinary tract symptoms, and also frequently results in urolithiasis. Urinary calcium excretion varies for geographic areas. We aimed to assess percentiles of urinary calcium excretion and prevalence of hypercalciuria for school-aged children in Tokat (city located in inner northern region of Turkey). MATERIAL AND METHODS: One thousand three hundred seventy-five children aged 6 to 18 years were enrolled in the study. Urine samples were obtained randomly...
December 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
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