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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533403/reassessment-of-20th-century-global-mean-sea-level-rise
#1
Sönke Dangendorf, Marta Marcos, Guy Wöppelmann, Clinton P Conrad, Thomas Frederikse, Riccardo Riva
The rate at which global mean sea level (GMSL) rose during the 20th century is uncertain, with little consensus between various reconstructions that indicate rates of rise ranging from 1.3 to 2 mm⋅y(-1) Here we present a 20th-century GMSL reconstruction computed using an area-weighting technique for averaging tide gauge records that both incorporates up-to-date observations of vertical land motion (VLM) and corrections for local geoid changes resulting from ice melting and terrestrial freshwater storage and allows for the identification of possible differences compared with earlier attempts...
May 22, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532135/anthropometric-analysis-of-cephalofacial-dimensions-in-kerman-iran
#2
Fatemeh Pouya, Seyed Hassan Eftekhar-Vaghefi, Parvin Salehinejad
The human body dimensions are affected by ecological, biological, geographical, racial, sex, and age factors. Craniofacial measurements can be considered to be one of the important tools for determination of the morphological characteristics of the head and face. In this study, which was conducted on Persian adolescents living in Kerman/Iran, different forms of head and face were determined for using in various aspects of medicine. The study was conducted on 732 participants including 366 males and 366 females in the age of 18-20-year-old...
April 2017: Acta Medica Iranica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531796/spatially-explicit-modeling-of-multi-scale-drivers-of-aboveground-forest-biomass-and-water-yield-in-watersheds-of-the-southeastern-united-states
#3
Mukhtar Ahmed Ajaz Ahmed, Amr Abd-Elrahman, Francisco J Escobedo, Wendell P Cropper, Timothy A Martin, Nilesh Timilsina
Understanding ecosystem processes and the influence of regional scale drivers can provide useful information for managing forest ecosystems. Examining more local scale drivers of forest biomass and water yield can also provide insights for identifying and better understanding the effects of climate change and management on forests. We used diverse multi-scale datasets, functional models and Geographically Weighted Regression (GWR) to model ecosystem processes at the watershed scale and to interpret the influence of ecological drivers across the Southeastern United States (SE US)...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531177/geographical-trends-of-pfas-in-cod-livers-along-the-norwegian-coast
#4
Stig Valdersnes, Bente M Nilsen, Joar F Breivik, Asbjørn Borge, Amund Maage
The level of perfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS) was determined in North East Arctic cod (Gadus morhua) liver samples from 15 Norwegian fjords and harbors. Five harbors in the eastern part of Norway, six harbors in the western part and four harbours in the northern part. A total of 200 samples were analyzed for 16 PFAS. Determination of PFAS were carried out by LC-MS/MS following sample clean up by solid phase extraction and ultracentrifugation. The predominating PFAS was PFOS, which was found to be higher than the level of quantification (1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525800/what-is-the-association-between-healthy-weight-in-4-5-year-old-children-and-spatial-access-to-purposefully-constructed-play-areas
#5
Robin Poole, Graham Moon
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is a global issue. Understanding associated factors is essential in designing interventions to reduce its prevalence. There are knowledge gaps concerning the leptogenic potential of play areas for very young children and particularly whether there is an association between levels of childhood obesity and play area quality. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted to investigate whether spatial access to play areas had an association with healthy weight status of 4-5-year-old children...
May 15, 2017: Health & Place
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522219/racial-variation-in-semen-quality-at-fertility-evaluation
#6
Yash S Khandwala, Chiyuan A Zhang, Shufeng Li, Barry Behr, David Guo, Michael L Eisenberg
OBJECTIVE: To identify racial differences in semen quality among men living in the same geographic area seeking fertility evaluation. METHODS: Men obtaining a semen analysis for infertility evaluation or treatment between 2012 and 2016 at a single center were identified and demographic data including height, weight, BMI and age were described. Mean semen parameters and the proportions of men with suboptimal parameters based on the WHO 5(th) edition criteria were also compared based on race...
May 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511348/integrated-flood-hazard-assessment-based-on-spatial-ordered-weighted-averaging-method-considering-spatial-heterogeneity-of-risk-preference
#7
Yangfan Xiao, Shanzhen Yi, Zhongqian Tang
Flood is the most common natural hazard in the world and has caused serious loss of life and property. Assessment of flood prone areas is of great importance for watershed management and reduction of potential loss of life and property. In this study, a framework of multi-criteria analysis (MCA) incorporating geographic information system (GIS), fuzzy analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and spatial ordered weighted averaging (OWA) method was developed for flood hazard assessment. The factors associated with geographical, hydrological and flood-resistant characteristics of the basin were selected as evaluation criteria...
May 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511271/georgia-s-collaborative-approach-to-expanding-mosquito-surveillance-in-response-to-zika-virus-a-case-study
#8
R Christopher Rustin, Deonte Martin, Varadan Sevilimedu, Sarbesh Pandeya, Haresh Rochani, Rosmarie Kelly
Zika virus (ZIKV) was declared an international public health emergency by the World Health Organization on February 1, 2016. Due to the known and estimated range of the ZIKV mosquito vectors, southern and central US states faced increased risk of ZIKV transmission. With the state of Georgia hosting the world's busiest international airport, a climate that supports the ZIKV vectors, and limited surveillance (13 counties) and response capacity, the Department of Public Health (DPH) was challenged to respond and prevent ZIKV transmission...
January 2017: U.S. Army Medical Department Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28501033/the-portuguese-version-of-the-european-deprivation-index-an-instrument-to-study-health-inequalities
#9
Ana Isabel Ribeiro, Alexandra Mayer, Ana Miranda, Maria Fátima Pina
INTRODUCTION: Tackling socioeconomic health inequalities is a big public health challenge and ecological deprivation indexes are essential instruments to monitor and understand them. In Portugal, no standard ecological deprivation index exists, contrasting with other countries. We aimed to describe the construction of the Portuguese version of a transnational deprivation index, European Deprivation Index. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The European Deprivation Index was developed under the Townsend theorization of deprivation...
January 31, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493598/bystander-cpr-is-clustered-and-associated-with-neighborhood-socioeconomic-characteristics-a-geospatial-analysis-of-kent-county-michigan
#10
Amy Uber, Richard C Sadler, Todd Chassee, Joshua C Reynolds
OBJECTIVES: Geographic clustering of bystander CPR is associated with demographic and socioeconomic features of the community where out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurred, though this association remains largely untested in rural areas. With a significant rural component and relative racial homogeneity, Kent County, Michigan provides a unique setting to externally validate or identify new community features associated with bystander CPR. Using a large, countywide dataset, we tested for geographic clustering of bystander CPR, and its associations with community socioeconomic features...
May 11, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489042/spatial-analysis-of-ambient-pm2-5-exposure-and-bladder-cancer-mortality-in-taiwan
#11
Hsin-Ling Yeh, Shang-Wei Hsu, Yu-Chia Chang, Ta-Chien Chan, Hui-Chen Tsou, Yen-Chen Chang, Po-Huang Chiang
Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is an air pollutant that is receiving intense regulatory attention in Taiwan. In previous studies, the effect of air pollution on bladder cancer has been explored. This study was conducted to elucidate the effect of atmospheric PM2.5 and other local risk factors on bladder cancer mortality based on available 13-year mortality data. Geographically weighted regression (GWR) was applied to estimate and interpret the spatial variability of the relationships between bladder cancer mortality and ambient PM2...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486357/inpatient-postpartum-long-acting-reversible-contraception-and-sterilization-in-the-united-states-2008-2013
#12
Michelle H Moniz, Tammy Chang, Michele Heisler, Lindsay Admon, Acham Gebremariam, Vanessa K Dalton, Matthew M Davis
OBJECTIVE: To measure rates of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC), including intrauterine devices and contraceptive implants, and tubal sterilization during delivery hospitalizations and correlates of their use. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used the 2008-2013 National Inpatient Sample, a publicly available all-payer database. We identified delivery hospitalizations with the International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification codes for intrauterine device insertion, contraceptive implant insertion, and tubal sterilization...
May 5, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484861/sex-life-satisfaction-in-sub-saharan-africa-a-descriptive-and-exploratory-analysis
#13
Stephen Cranney
Nearly all of the sex life satisfaction literature has dealt with developed-country settings, and nothing has been published on sex life satisfaction in sub-Saharan Africa. Not only is sub-Saharan African a substantively relevant area in its own right, but it also provides a useful point of comparison for patterns and relations found in developed-world contexts. A brief descriptive and exploratory study of sex life satisfaction in sub-Saharan Africa was conducted using the World Gallup Poll, a dataset with representative sex life satisfaction data for 31 countries and 25,483 cases...
May 8, 2017: Archives of Sexual Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483064/missed-opportunities-for-hepatitis-a-vaccination-national-immunization-survey-child-2013
#14
Shannon M Casillas, Robert A Bednarczyk
OBJECTIVES: To quantify the number of missed opportunities for vaccination with hepatitis A vaccine in children and assess the association of missed opportunities for hepatitis A vaccination with covariates of interest. STUDY DESIGN: Weighted data from the 2013 National Immunization Survey of US children aged 19-35 months were used. Analysis was restricted to children with provider-verified vaccination history (n = 13 460). Missed opportunities for vaccination were quantified by determining the number of medical visits a child made when another vaccine was administered during eligibility for hepatitis A vaccine, but hepatitis A vaccine was not administered...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481907/relationship-between-anthropometric-parameters-and-open-angle-glaucoma-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey
#15
Jae Yeun Lee, Tae-Woo Kim, Hyun Tae Kim, Mi Yeon Lee, Hye Won Min, Yu Sam Won, Hyun Seok Kwon, Ki Ho Park, Joon Mo Kim
AIMS: To evaluate the relationships between open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and various anthropometric measurements. DESIGN: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES), a population-based cross-sectional study using a complex, stratified, multistage, probability-cluster survey. METHODS: A total of 5,255 participants including 247 glaucoma patients, aged ≥ 19 years were included from the KNHANES V database. Glaucoma diagnosis was based on International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology criteria...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28478789/spatial-distribution-of-mumps-in-south-korea-2001-2015-identifying-clusters-and-population-risk-factors
#16
Y-J Choe, K Min, S-I Cho
In South Korea, the resurgence of mumps was noted primarily among school-aged children and adolescents since 2000. We analyzed spatial patterns in mumps incidence to give an indication to the geographical risk. We used National Notifiable Disease Surveillance System data from 2001 to 2015, classifying into three periods according to the level of endemicity. A geographic-weighted regression analysis was performed to find demographic predictors of mumps incidence according to district level. We assessed the association between the total population size, population density, percentage of children (age 0-19 years), timely vaccination rate of measles-mumps-rubella vaccines and the higher incidence rate of mumps...
May 8, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475604/genetic-and-chemical-diversity-of-uncaria-tomentosa-willd-ex-schult-dc-in-the-brazilian-amazon
#17
Isabela Cristina Gomes Honório, Bianca Waleria Bertoni, Mariana Pires de Campos Telles, Ramilla Dos Santos Braga, Suzelei de Castro França, Juliana da Silva Coppede, Valéria Siero Conde Correa, José Alexandre Felizola Diniz Filho, Ana Maria Soares Pereira
Uncaria tomentosa (Willd. ex Schult.) DC., a plant native to the Amazon region, is used widely in popular medicine and by the pharmaceutical industry because of its anti-inflammatory activity. However, the survival of this species is endangered by deforestation and indiscriminate collection, and a preservation plan is urgently required. The objectives of this study were to determine the genetic and chemical variability between and within eight populations of U. tomentosa from the Brazilian states of Acre, Pará and Amapá, and to investigate possible correlations between genetic and geographical distances, and between geographical distances or altitude and the accumulation of bioactive oxindole alkaloids...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472096/a-bayesian-spatio-temporal-model-for-forecasting-the-prevalence-of-antibodies-to-borrelia-burgdorferi-causative-agent-of-lyme-disease-in-domestic-dogs-within-the-contiguous-united-states
#18
Stella C Watson, Yan Liu, Robert B Lund, Jenna R Gettings, Shila K Nordone, Christopher S McMahan, Michael J Yabsley
This paper models the prevalence of antibodies to Borrelia burgdorferi in domestic dogs in the United States using climate, geographic, and societal factors. We then use this model to forecast the prevalence of antibodies to B. burgdorferi in dogs for 2016. The data available for this study consists of 11,937,925 B. burgdorferi serologic test results collected at the county level within the 48 contiguous United States from 2011-2015. Using the serologic data, a baseline B. burgdorferi antibody prevalence map was constructed through the use of spatial smoothing techniques after temporal aggregation; i...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472046/disentangling-geographical-biotic-and-abiotic-drivers-of-plant-diversity-in-neotropical-ruellia-acanthaceae
#19
Erin A Tripp, Yi-Hsin Erica Tsai
It has long been hypothesized that biotic interactions are important drivers of biodiversity evolution, yet such interactions have been relatively less studied than abiotic factors owing to the inherent complexity in and the number of types of such interactions. Amongst the most prominent of biotic interactions worldwide are those between plants and pollinators. In the Neotropics, the most biodiverse region on Earth, hummingbird and bee pollination have contributed substantially to plant fitness. Using comparative methods, we test the macroevolutionary consequences of bird and bee pollination within a species rich lineage of flowering plants: Ruellia...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471557/insights-from-2d-and-3d-quantitative-angiographic-assessment-of-bioresorbable-everolimus-eluting-vascular-scaffolds
#20
Guy Witberg, Ifat Lavi, Hana Vaknin Assa, Katia Orvin, Abid Assali, Ran Kornowski
BACKGROUND: Bioresorbable vascular scaffold (BVS) is a promising technology that potentially offers several advantages over contemporary coronary drug-eluting stents (DES). Crucial to BVS implantation is the correct choice of scaffold size (diameter and length) in order to avoid "geographic miss" in length, provide the maximal support to the vessel wall, and avoid leaving "free-floating" foreign material in the coronary vasculature. OBJECTIVES: To assess the optimal method for measuring coronary stenosis prior to BVS implantation...
July 2016: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
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